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  1. Balancing Moral Principles in Federal Regulations on Human Research.Terrence F. Ackerman - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  2. Therapeutic Beneficence and Placebo Controls.Terrence F. Ackerman - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):21 – 22.
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  3. Research With Human Subjects.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (5):47-49.
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  4. Experimentalism in Bioethics Research.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):169-180.
    Basson's commentary on my proposals regarding the structure and function of research in bioethics provides a welcome opportunity for extended comparison of standard approaches with the suggestions made in ‘What Bioethics Should Be.’ I begin by noting a common assumption underlying our respective views. I then address points of fundamental difference, indicating why the experimental method proposed in my original essay presents a potentially more productive strategy for examining moral issues in biomedicine. In the latter respect, I certainly disagree with (...)
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  5. The Future of Big Science.Joseph Agassi - 1988 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (1):17-26.
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  6. The Politics of Science.Joseph Agassi - 1986 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):35-48.
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  7. Research Crimes, Misdemeanors, and Tolerated Deceptions.M. Alfino - 1996 - Journal of Information Ethics 5 (1):5-8.
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  8. Are Researchers Ethically Obligated to Report Suspected Child Maltreatment? A Critical Analysis of Opposing Perspectives.Brian Allen - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):15 – 24.
    A number of authors have commented on the topic of mandated reporting in cases of suspected child maltreatment and the application of this requirement to researchers. Most of these commentaries focus on the interpretation of current legal standards and offer opinions for or against the imposition of mandated reporting laws on research activities. Authors on both sides of the issue offer ethical arguments, although a direct comparison and analysis of these opposing arguments is rare. This article critically examines the ethical (...)
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  9. Psychosocial Treatment Research with Ethnic Minority Populations: Ethical Considerations in Conducting Clinical Trials.Jennifer Alvidrez & Patricia A. Areán - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):103 – 116.
    Because of historical mistreatment of ethnic minorities by research and medical institutions, it is particularly important for researchers to be mindful of ethical issues that arise when conducting research with ethnic minority populations. In this article, we focus on the ethical issues related to the inclusion of ethnic minorities in clinical trials of psychosocial treatments. We highlight 2 factors, skepticism and mistrust by ethnic minorities about research and current inequities in the mental health care system, that researchers should consider when (...)
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  10. Demarcating Misconduct From Misinterpretations and Mistakes.Hanne Andersen - unknown
    Within recent years, scientific misconduct has become an increasingly important topic, not only in the scientific community, but in the general public as well. Spectacular cases have been extensively covered in the news media, such as the cases of the Korean stem cell researcher Hwang, the German nanoscientist Schön, or the Norwegian cancer researcher Sudbø. In Science's latest annual "breakthrough of the year" report from December 2006, the descriptions of the year's hottest breakthroughs were accompanied by a similar description of (...)
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  11. Digital Imaging: A Reaffirmation of Integrity in Research.J. Anderson - 1996 - Journal of Information Ethics 5 (1):52-58.
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  12. Fraud in Research, 1986-1992: An Annotated Bibliography.J. Anderson - 1994 - Journal of Information Ethics 3 (2):64.
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  13. The Ethical Work That Regulations Will Not Do.Carusi Annamaria & De Grandis Giovanni - 2012 - Information, Communication and Society 15 (1):124-141.
    Ethical concerns in e-social science are often raised with respect to privacy, confidentiality, anonymity and the ethical and legal requirements that govern research. In this article, the authors focus on ethical aspects of e-research that are not directly related to ethical regulatory framework or requirements. These frameworks are often couched in terms of benefits or harms that can be incurred by participants in the research. The authors shift the focus to the sources of value in terms of which benefits or (...)
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  14. Social and Behavioral Researchers' Experiences with Their Irbs.Mark H. Ashcraft & Jeremy A. Krause - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):1 – 17.
    A national survey on researchers’ experiences with their institutional review boards (IRBs) is presented, focused exclusively on social and behavioral researchers. A wide range of experiences is apparent in the data, especially in terms of turnaround time for submitted protocols, incidence of data collection without prior IRB approval, and stated reasons for "going solo." Sixty-two percent felt that the turnaround time they typically experience is "reasonable," and 44% said they had not experienced long delays in obtaining approval. However, 48% of (...)
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  15. Research Ethics and the Moral Enterprise of Ethnography: Conjunctions and Contradictions.Sara Ashencaen Crabtree - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare (4):1-20.
    This paper explores the perceptions and experiences of four doctoral researchers to examine how research ethics committee (REC) processes have shaped and influenced specific health-based ethnographic studies. This paper considers how a universal tightening of ethical REC scrutiny at university level, as well as those governing the health and social care sector in the United Kingdom, impacts upon social research involving the inclusion of participants from certain groups. Increased restrictions in ethics scrutiny is justified as protecting vulnerable people from intrusive (...)
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  16. Dissolution of ESCROs and Evolution of a National Ethics Committee for Scientific Advancement.Julie Aultman - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):61-62.
  17. Rights of Authors: Do We Need Guidelines for Editors as Well? [REVIEW]Yatan Balhara - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):225-226.
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  18. Will C. Van den Hoonaard (2002). Walking the Tightrope: Ethical Issues for Qualitative Researchers.R. N. Bargdill - 2003 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (1):138-142.
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  19. Precaution, Scientization or Deliberation? Prospects for Greening and Democratizing Science.Karin Bckstrand - 2004 - In M. L. J. Wissenburg & Yoram Levy (eds.), Liberal Democracy and Environmentalism: The End of Environmentalism? Routledge.
  20. The Very Structure of Scientific Research Does Not Mitigate Against Developing Products to Help the Environment, the Poor, and the Hungry.Roger N. Beachy - 1991 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (2):159-165.
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  21. The Scientific Field During Argentina's Latest Military Dictatorship (1976–1983): Contraction of Public Universities and Expansion of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET). [REVIEW]Fabiana Bekerman - 2013 - Minerva 51 (2):253-269.
    This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina’s scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research Council (CONICET, for its Spanish acronym) during that period. The intention is to show how, by reallocating funds geared to Science and Technology, CONICET was made to expand and decentralize to the (...)
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  22. Science and Society in Dialogue About Marker Assisted Selection.Marianne Benard, Huib de Vriend, Paul van Haperen & Volkert Beekman - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (4):317-329.
    Analysis of a European Union funded biotechnology project on plant genomics and marker assisted selection in Solanaceous crops shows that the organization of a dialogue between science and society to accompany technological innovations in plant breeding faces practical challenges. Semi-structured interviews with project participants and a survey among representatives of consumer and other non-governmental organizations show that the professed commitment to dialogue on science and biotechnology is rather shallow and has had limited application for all involved. Ultimately, other priorities tend (...)
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  23. Generalizing on Best Practices in Image Processing: A Model for Promoting Research Integrity.Dale Benos & Sara Vollmer - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):669-673.
    Modifying images for scientific publication is now quick and easy due to changes in technology. This has created a need for new image processing guidelines and attitudes, such as those offered to the research community by Doug Cromey (Cromey 2010). We suggest that related changes in technology have simplified the task of detecting misconduct for journal editors as well as researchers, and that this simplification has caused a shift in the responsibility for reporting misconduct. We also argue that the concept (...)
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  24. It's About Scientific Secrecy, Dummy: A Better Equilibrium Among Genomics Patenting, Scientific Research and Health Care. [REVIEW]Miriam Bentwich - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):263-284.
    This paper offers a different pragmatic and patent-based approach to concerns regarding the negative effects of genetic-based patenting on advancing scientific research and providing adequate and accessible health care services. At the basis of this approach lies an explication of a mandatory provisional patented paper procedure (PPPA), designed for genetic-based patents and administered by leading scientific journals in the field, while officially acknowledged by the USPTO, and subsequently by other patent offices as well. It is argued that the uniqueness of (...)
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  25. Ethical Considerations in Conducting Family Violence Research.V. Berry - 2009 - Research Ethics 5 (3):91-100.
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  26. Data Sharing and Dual-Use Issues.Louise Bezuidenhout - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):83-92.
    The concept of dual-use encapsulates the potential for well-intentioned, beneficial scientific research to also be misused by a third party for malicious ends. The concept of dual-use challenges scientists to look beyond the immediate outcomes of their research and to develop an awareness of possible future (mis)uses of scientific research. Since 2001 much attention has been paid to the possible need to regulate the dual-use potential of the life sciences. Regulation initiatives fall under two broad categories—those that develop the ethical (...)
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  27. Ethical Issues in Health Research on Ethnic Minority Populations: Focusing on Inclusion and Exclusion.R. Bhopal - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (1):15-19.
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  28. Ethical Issues in a Study of Internet Use: Uncertainty, Responsibility, and the Spirit of Research Relationships.Melinda C. Bier, Stephen A. Sherblom & Michael A. Gallo - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (2):141 – 151.
    In this article we explore ethical issues arising in a study of home Internet use by low-income families. We consider questions of our responsibility as educational researchers and discuss the ethical implications of some unanticipated consequences of our study. We illustrate ways in which the principles of research ethics for use of human subjects can be ambiguous and possibly inadequate for anticipating potential harm in educational research. In this exploratory research of personal communication technologies, participants experienced changes that were personal (...)
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  29. Science and Ethical Value.Viera Bilasová - 2013 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 3 (3-4):111-116.
    The paper concerns itself with the moral aspects of the development of science and its consequences for contemporary society. Particular attention is given to ethical reflection on the problem of scientific activities and the role of moral responsibility in science. Scientific responsibility is a problem which, in the context of contemporary scientific discourse, demands a dialogue with ethics. This should not result in burdening science but rather in overcoming the antinomies to which science has, often not on its own, lead (...)
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  30. Responsible Research: What is Expected?Stephanie Bird - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):693-696.
    Responsible research and good science are concepts with various meanings depending on one’s perspective and assumptions. Fellow researchers, research participants, policy makers and the general public also have differing expectations of the benefits of research ranging from accurate and reliable data that extend the body of knowledge, to solutions to societal concerns. Unless these differing constituencies articulate their differing views they may fail to communicate and undermine the value of research to society.
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  31. Ethical Imperialism or Ethical Mindfulness? Rethinking Ethical Review for Social Sciences.Tim Bond - 2012 - Research Ethics 8 (2):97-112.
    This article is a response to the challenge with which Zachary Schrag concluded his article, ‘The case against ethics review in social sciences’ − that ‘the burden of proof for its continuation rests on its defenders’ (Schrag, 2011). This article acknowledges that there is substance in the charges he lays against some reviews of social sciences and that these are of sufficient quantity and seriousness to justify his challenge. Instead of favouring abandonment of ethical review of social sciences, the author (...)
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  32. Research with Captive Populations.Valerie H. Bonham & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 461--474.
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  33. Assessing the Preparedness of Research Integrity Officers (RIOs) to Appropriately Handle Possible Research Misconduct Cases.Arthur Bonito, Sandra Titus & David Wright - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):605-619.
    Institutions receiving federal funding for research from the U.S.Public Health Service need to have policies and procedures to both prevent research misconduct and to adjudicate it when it occurs. The person who is designated to handle research misconduct is typically referred to as the research integrity officer (RIO). In this interview study we report on 79 RIOs who describe how they would handle allegations of research misconduct. Their responses were compared to two expert RIOs. The responses to the allegations in (...)
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  34. Citation Counts for Research Evaluation: Standards of Good Practice for Analyzing Bibliometric Data and Presenting and Interpreting Results.L. Bornmann, R. Mutz, C. Neuhaus & HD Daniel - 2008 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 8 (1):93-102.
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  35. The Referee's Dilemma. The Ethics of Scientific Communities and Game Theory.Tomislav Bracanovic - 2002 - Prolegomena 1 (1):55-74.
    This article argues that various deviations from the basic principles of the scientific ethos – primarily the appearance of pseudoscience in scientific communities – can be formulated and explained using specific models of game theory, such as the prisoner’s dilemma and the iterated prisoner’s dilemma. The article indirectly tackles the deontology of scientific work as well, in which it is assumed that there is no room for moral skepticism, let alone moral anti-realism, in the ethics of scientific communities. Namely, on (...)
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  36. Ethics and Science: An Introduction.Adam Briggle & Carl Mitcham - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Who owns your genes? What does climate science imply for policy? Do corporations conduct honest research? Should we teach intelligent design? Humans are creating a new world through science. The kind of world we are creating will not simply be decided by expanding scientific knowledge, but will depend on views about good and bad, right and wrong. These visions, in turn, depend on critical thinking, cogent argument and informed judgement. In this book, Adam Briggle and Carl Mitcham help readers to (...)
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  37. Publication Ethics in Biomedical Journals From Countries in Central and Eastern Europe.Mindaugas Broga, Goran Mijaljica, Marcin Waligora, Aime Keis & Ana Marusic - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics (1):1-11.
    Publication ethics is an important aspect of both the research and publication enterprises. It is particularly important in the field of biomedical science because published data may directly affect human health. In this article, we examine publication ethics policies in biomedical journals published in Central and Eastern Europe. We were interested in possible differences between East European countries that are members of the European Union (Eastern EU) and South-East European countries (South-East Europe) that are not members of the European Union.The (...)
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  38. Rights to Privacy in Research: Adolescents Versus Parents.Jeanne Brooks-Gunn & Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (2):109 – 121.
    Conducting research on adolescents raises a number of ethical issues not often confronted in research on younger children. In part, these differences are due to the fact that although assent is usually not an issue, given cognitive and social competencies, the life situations and behavior of youth make it more difficult to balance rights and privacy of the adolescents. In this article, the three ethical principles of beneficence, justice, and respect for persons are discussed in terms of their application to (...)
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  39. Gabriela Soto Laveaga: Jungle Laboratories—Mexican Peasants, National Projects, and the Making of the Pill. [REVIEW]Amy L. Brown - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (4):913-915.
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  40. The Risks, Benefits, and Ethics of Trauma-Focused Research Participation.Sarah L. Bunnell & John-Paul Legerski - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (6):429-442.
    With the rising interest in the field of trauma research, many Institutional Review Boards, policymakers, parents, and others grapple with the impact of trauma-research participation on research participants' well-being. Do individuals who participate in trauma-focused research risk experiencing lasting negative effects from participation? What are the potential benefits that may be gleaned from participation in this work? How can trauma research studies be designed ethically, minimizing the risk to participants? The following review seeks to answer these questions. This review indicates (...)
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  41. Ethical Issues in Research in a School Setting: Discussion.C. Burgess - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (1):26-29.
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  42. The Least Interesting Unit: A New Concept for Enhancing One’s Academic Career Opportunities.Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1837-1841.
    Motivated by a current development in the physics community, this paper introduces the notion of a least interesting unit in research as an investigation that is just interesting enough to pursue. A new general maxim for science is then that a researcher should pursue as many LIUs as possible. Although fulfilling this maxim enhances one’s perspective for a career in the present publish-or-perish academic world, in particular when simultaneously publishing one’s results in the form of as many least publishable units (...)
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  43. Scientific Misconduct: Three Forms That Directly Harm Others as the Modus Operandi of Mill's Tyranny of the Prevailing Opinion.Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):41-54.
    Scientific misconduct is usually assumed to be self-serving. This paper, however, proposes to distinguish between two types of scientific misconduct: ‘type one scientific misconduct’ is self-serving and leads to falsely positive conclusions about one’s own work, while ‘type two scientific misconduct’ is other-harming and leads to falsely negative conclusions about someone else’s work. The focus is then on the latter type, and three known issues are identified as specific forms of such scientific misconduct: biased quality assessment, smear, and officially condoning (...)
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  44. Rethinking Research Ethics for Latinos: The Policy Paradox of Health Reform and the Role of Social Justice.Lisa Cacari-Stone & Magdalena Avila - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):445-460.
    This article discusses the paradox of exclusion/inclusion: U.S. health policy prohibits Latinos who fall under certain classifications from accessing health services and insurance yet permits them to be ?human subjects? in health research. We aim to advance the discussion of health research ethics post the Tuskegee syphilis experiment in Latinos by (a) tracing the impacts of policy exclusion and the social context of anti-Latino sentiment on Latinos' low participation rates in health research and inequitable access to treatment modalities; (b) challenging (...)
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  45. Issues of Disclosure and Intrusion: Ethical Challenges for a Community Researcher.Kathleen Carter, Sarah Banks, Andrea Armstrong, Sara Kindon & Ingrid Burkett - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (1):92-100.
    This case study focuses on some of the ethical issues that arise in community-based participatory research, drawing on an example from practice in the UK. It comprises a case example written by a community researcher, followed by two commentaries, which analyse the case and offer different perspectives on the issues raised from the commentators' experiences in Aotearoa New Zealand and Australia. The case example highlights the challenges faced by volunteer action researchers undertaking research interviews and mentoring on sensitive topics in (...)
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  46. A Bill of Rights for Human Subjects of Research.L. B. Cebik - 1993 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (1):25-33.
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  47. Research Involving Humans: A Time for Change?Don Chalmers - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (4):583-595.
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  48. The Science, the Ethics, the Politics: the socio-cultural aspects of modern genetics.Valentin Cheshko & Valentin Kulinichenko (eds.) - 2004 - Parapan.
    Modern genetics becomes a bridge between the natural sciences, humanities and social practtoon the social life of biomedicine and genetics this branch of science makes these branches of science by comparable in their socio-forming role to politics and economics factors. The research objective of this paper is theoretical analysis of social and cultural challenges posed by the development of basic genetics and genetic technologies. The problems of this book may be attributed to the new field of science, formed at the (...)
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  49. The Emerging Relationship of Psychology and the Internet: Proposed Guidelines for Conducting Internet Intervention Research.Craig A. Childress & Joy K. Asamen - 1998 - Ethics and Behavior 8 (1):19 – 35.
    The Internet is rapidly developing into an important medium of communication in modem society, and both psychological research and therapeutic interventions are being increasingly conducted using this new communication medium. As therapeutic interventions using the Internet are becoming more prevalent, it is becoming increasingly important to conduct research on psychotherapeutic Internet interventions to assist in the development of an appropriate standard of practice regarding interventions using this new medium. In this article, we examine the Internet and the current psychological uses (...)
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  50. Justifying Deception in Social Science Research.Steve Clarke - 1999 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2):151–166.
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