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Summary Scope is a broad phenomenon, meaning (roughly) the extent or range to which some syntactic element or semantic operator applies.  It includes, but is not limited to, the scope of words, the scope of connectives, the scope of quantifiers, the scope of modifiers (whether or not individual words), the scope of propositional attitudes, and the scope of quantifier-like expressions such as all manner of descriptions.  It can also be used, in the absence of a separate category for it, to discussions of the scope of certain pragmatic phenomena, such as presupposition and implicatures of various types. A major topic of discussion under this general heading is scopal ambiguity in natural language, which exists whenever and wherever a semantic (or pragmatic) phenomenon can be read in multiple ways differing in scope, some wider and some narrower.  The issue also comes up in philosophical areas such as practical or instrumental reasoning,
Key works Given the scope of scope, the closest thing to a key work (though restricted to the philosophy of language) is  Szabolcsi 1997.  
Introductions The closest thing to an introduction to the subject is Szabolcsi 1997, which introduces the extended collection above chosen as the key work.
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1 — 50 / 148
  1. added 2019-10-26
    Unconditionals and Free Choice Unified.Anna Szabolcsi - 2019 - Semantics and Linguistic Theory 29.
    Rawlins (2013: 160) observes that both unconditionals and more classical free choice can be meta-characterized using orthogonality, but does not actually unify the two. One reason may be that in English, different expressions serve in these roles. By contrast, in Hungarian, AKÁR expressions serve as NPIs, FCIs, and unconditional adjuncts, but not as interrogatives or free relatives. This paper offers a unified account of the Hungarian data, extending Chierchia 2013 and Dayal 2013. The account produces the same unconditional meanings that (...)
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  2. added 2019-07-16
    Non-Relational Intentionality.Justin D'Ambrosio - 2017 - Dissertation, Yale University
    This dissertation lays the foundation for a new theory of non-relational intentionality. The thesis is divided into an introduction and three main chapters, each of which serves as an essential part of an overarching argument. The argument yields, as its conclusion, a new account of how language and thought can exhibit intentionality intrinsically, so that representation can occur in the absence of some thing that is represented. The overarching argument has two components: first, that intentionality can be profi tably studied (...)
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  3. added 2018-09-08
    Intensional Relative Clauses and the Semantics of Variable Objects.Friederike Moltmann - forthcoming - In Manfred Krifka & Schenner Mathias (eds.), Reconstruction Effects in Relative Clauses. De Gruyter.
    NPs with intensional relative clauses such as 'the book John needs to write' pose a significant challenge for semantic theory. Such NPs act like referential terms, yet they do not stand for a particular actual object. This paper will develop a semantic analysis of such NPs on the basis of the notion of a variable object. The analysis avoids a range of difficulties that a more standard analysis based on the notion of an individual concept would face. Most importantly, unlike (...)
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  4. added 2018-09-01
    The Problem of Future Contingents: Scoping Out a Solution.Patrick Todd - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    Various philosophers have long since been attracted to the doctrine that future contingent propositions systematically fail to be true - what is sometimes called the doctrine of the open future. However, open futurists have always struggled to articulate how their view interacts with standard principles of classical logic - most notably, with the Law of Excluded Middle (LEM). For consider the following two claims: (a) Trump will be impeached tomorrow; (b) Trump will not be impeached tomorrow. According to the kind (...)
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  5. added 2018-03-09
    In the Mood.Kai Frederick Wehmeier - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (6):607-630.
    The purpose of the present paper is to challenge some received assumptions about the logical analysis of modal English, and to show that these assumptions are crucial to certain debates in current philosophy of language. Specifically, I will argue that the standard analysis in terms of quantified modal logic mistakenly fudges important grammatical distinctions, and that the validity of Kripke's modal argument against description theories of proper names crucially depends on ensuing equivocations.
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  6. added 2018-02-16
    Spotty Scope.R. M. Sainsbury - 2006 - Analysis 66 (1):17-22.
  7. added 2017-06-13
    Strict and Non-Strict Negative Concord in Hungarian: A Unified Analysis.Anna Szabolcsi - 2018 - In Huba Bartos, Bánréti, M. Den Dikken & Váradi (eds.), Boundaries Crossed. Dordrecht: Springer.
    Surányi (2006) observed that Hungarian has a hybrid (strict + non-strict) negative concord system. This paper proposes a uniform analysis of that system within the general framework of Zeijlstra (2004, 2008) and, especially, Chierchia (2013), with the following new ingredients. Sentential negation NEM is the same full negation in the presence of both strict and non-strict concord items. Preverbal SENKI `n-one’ type negative concord items occupy the specifier position of either NEM `not' or SEM `nor'. The latter, SEM spells out (...)
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  8. added 2017-02-15
    Requantification, Underquantification and Partial Focus in Indefinites.S. Hinterwimmer & D. Schueler - 2015 - Journal of Semantics 32 (4):749-797.
  9. added 2017-02-15
    Indefinites and Scope Choice.Ruth Kempson & Meyer-Viol & Wilfried - 2004 - In Marga Reimer & Anne Bezuidenhout (eds.), Descriptions and Beyond. Clarendon Press.
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  10. added 2017-02-13
    Position and Scope of Epistemic Phrases in Planned and Unplanned American English.Elise Kärkkäinen - 2010 - In Gunther Kaltenböck, Wiltrud Mihatsch & Stefan Schneider (eds.), New Approaches to Hedging. Emerald. pp. 207--241.
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  11. added 2017-02-13
    Indefinites and Scope Choice.Ruth Kempson & Wilfried Meyer-Viol - 2004 - In Marga Reimer & Anne Bezuidenhout (eds.), Descriptions and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
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  12. added 2017-02-12
    The Processing Domain of Dcope Interaction.Oliver Bott & Fabian Schlotterbeck - 2015 - Journal of Semantics 32 (1):fft015.
    The present study investigates whether quantifier scope is computed incrementally during online sentence processing. We exploited the free word order in German to manipulate whether the verbal predicate preceded or followed the second quantifier in doubly quantified sentences that required the computation of inverse scope. A possessive pronoun in the first quantifier that had to be bound by the second quantifier was used to enforce scope inversion. We tested whether scope inversion causes difficulty and whether this difficulty emerges even at (...)
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  13. added 2017-02-08
    Dependent Indefinites.Donka F. Farkas - unknown
    The paper rst lays out a non-congurational approach to scope ambiguities in which scope dependencies are treated as dependencies between evaluation indices of variables. The notions of dependent and domain variables are dened naturally in this framework. These concepts are then used to account for the distribution and interpretation of determiner reduplication in Hungarian, a phenomenon that has not received much attention so far.1 1. Introduction This paper contributes to the study of the semantics of indenites in natural language by (...)
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  14. added 2017-01-26
    Topic and Focus Scope Positions in Navajo.Kenneth Hale, Eloise Jelinek & Mary Ann Willie - 2003 - In Simin Karimi (ed.), Word Order and Scrambling. Blackwell. pp. 1.
  15. added 2017-01-17
    Scope of Application: Articles 4-5.Ronald A. Brand, Harry Flechtner & Franco Ferrari - 2009 - In Ronald A. Brand, Harry Flechtner & Franco Ferrari (eds.), The Draft Uncitral Digest and Beyond: Cases, Analysis and Unresolved Issues in the U.N. Sales Convention. Sellier de Gruyter.
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  16. added 2017-01-17
    Chapter I. Scope.Peter Mankowski & Ulrich Magnus - 2009 - In Peter Mankowski & Ulrich Magnus (eds.), Brussels I Regulation. Sellier de Gruyter.
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  17. added 2017-01-17
    Scope or Pseudo Scope? Are There Wide-Scope Indefinites?A. Kratzer - 1998 - In Events and Grammar. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 163-196.
    The paper investigates the scope properties of indefinites.
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  18. added 2017-01-17
    Philosophy: Its Scope and Relations.J. E. C. - 1902 - Philosophical Review 11 (5):539.
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  19. added 2017-01-16
    Delimiting the Proper Scope of Epistemology.Rebecca Kukla - 2015 - Philosophical Perspectives 29 (1):202-216.
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  20. added 2016-12-08
    The Logic of Failures of the Cinematic Imagination: Two Case Studies – and a Logical Puzzle and Solution in Just One.Joseph S. Fulda - 2013 - Pragmatics and Society 4 (1):105-111.
    This piece is intended to explicate - by providing a precising definition of - the common cinematic figure which I term “the failure of the cinematic imagination,“ while presenting a logical puzzle and its solution within a simple Gricean framework. -/- It should be noted that this is neither fully accurate nor fully precise, because of the audience; one should examine the remaining articles in the issue to understand what I mean.
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  21. added 2016-12-08
    Epistemic Constraints on Practical Normativity.Simon Robertson - 2011 - Synthese 181 (S1):81-106.
    What is the relation between what we ought to do, on the one hand, and our epistemic access to the ought-giving facts, on the other? In assessing this,it is common to distinguish ‘objective’ from ‘subjective’ oughts. Very roughly, on the objectivist conception what an agent ought to do is determined by ought-giving facts in such a way that does not depend on the agent’s beliefs about, or epistemic access to, those facts; whereas on the subjectivist conception, what an agent ought (...)
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  22. added 2016-12-08
    Referential/Attributive: A Scope Interpretation.Richard L. Mendelsohn - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):167-191.
    There is a core to the referential/attributive distinction that reveals a propositional ambiguity that is scope-related and rooted in syntax.
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  23. added 2015-11-30
    A Priori Knowledge and the Scope of Philosophy.George Bealer - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):121-142.
    This paper provides a defense of two traditional theses: the Autonomy of Philosophy and the Authority of Philosophy. The first step is a defense of the evidential status of intuitions (intellectual seemings). Rival views (such as radical empiricism), which reject the evidential status of intuitions, are shown to be epistemically self-defeating. It is then argued that the only way to explain the evidential status of intuitions is to invoke modal reliabilism. This theory requires that intuitions have a certain qualified modal (...)
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  24. added 2015-11-08
    Quantification and ACD: What is the Evidence From Real-Time Processing Evidence For? A Response to Hackl Et Al. (2012).Anna Szabolcsi - 2013 - Journal of Semantics (1):ffs025.
    Hackl et al. (2012) argue that processing evidence specifically supports a theory of Antecedent Contained Deletion (ACD) that involves the threat of type-mismatch and infinite regress, with Quantifier Raising (QR) coming to the rescue. This squib argues that the processing evidence does not specifically support that theory. Very similar predictions can be made by the variable-free, or combinatory, theory that Hackl et al. dismiss, if we add the assumption that ACD is resolved by binding, not by simple anaphora.
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  25. added 2015-08-26
    Quantifier Particles and Compositionality.Anna Szabolcsi - 2013 - Proceedings of the 19th Amsterdam Colloquium.
    In many languages, the same particles build quantifier words and serve as connectives, additive and scalar particles, question markers, existential verbs, and so on. Do the roles of each particle form a natural class with a stable semantics? Are the particles aided by additional elements, overt or covert, in fulfilling their varied roles? I propose a unified analysis, according to which the particles impose partial ordering requirements (glb and lub) on the interpretations of their hosts and the immediate larger contexts, (...)
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  26. added 2015-08-24
    Epistemic Modality De Re.Seth Yalcin - 2015 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2:475-527.
    Focusing on cases which involve binding into epistemic modals with definite descriptions and quantifiers, I raise some new problems for standard approaches to all of these expressions. The difficulties are resolved in a semantic framework that is dynamic in character. I close with a new class of problems about de re readings within the scope of modals.
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  27. added 2015-04-05
    The Scope of Renewal.S. Bernard Lonergan - 1998 - Method 16 (2):83-102.
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  28. added 2015-04-04
    The Scope and Importance of Altaic Studies.Denis Sinor - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (2):193-197.
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  29. added 2015-04-04
    The Perennial Scope of Philosophy. [REVIEW]G. Stuart Watts - 1951 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 29:58.
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  30. added 2015-03-28
    Chain Scope and Quantification Structure.Soowon Kim - 1991 - Dissertation, Brandeis University
    This thesis explores a syntactic theory of scope and some of its consequences. Central to the proposed theory are the claims that the syntactic concept of scope is characterized in terms of chain and that quantification structure is defined both at S-structure and at LF. It is shown that this theory of chain scope offers a unified account of various domains of quantification, including scope interactions, bound variable anaphora, superiority effects, parasitic gap constructions and scope reconstruction effects. It is also (...)
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  31. added 2015-03-24
    Broadening the Scope.Ioel Frader - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
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  32. added 2015-03-24
    Strategies for Scope Taking.Adrian Brasoveanu & Jakub Dotlačil - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (1):1-19.
    This squib reports the results of two experimental studies, a binary choice and a self-paced reading study, that provide strong support for the hypothesis in Tunstall that the distinct scopal properties of each and every are at least to some extent the consequence of an event-differentiation requirement contributed by each. However, we also show that the emerging picture is more complex than Tunstall suggests: English speakers seem to fall into at least three groups regarding the scopal properties of each and (...)
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  33. added 2015-03-24
    Scope of the Journal.Richard P. Haynes & Frans W. A. Brom - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17:103-109.
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  34. added 2015-03-23
    The Scope of the Problem.John R. Boatright - 2008 - In Tom L. Beauchamp, Norman E. Bowie & Denis Gordon Arnold (eds.), Ethical Theory and Business. Pearson/Prentice Hall. pp. 136.
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  35. added 2015-03-23
    Scope Matters.Donka Farkas - 2000 - In Klaus von Heusinger & Urs Egli (eds.), Reference and Anaphoric Relations. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 79--108.
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  36. added 2015-03-23
    Computing Quantifier Scope.Edward P. Stabler - 1997 - In Anna Szabolcsi (ed.), Ways of Scope Taking. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 155--182.
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  37. added 2015-03-23
    Some Remarks on Scope Phenomena.Danièle Clément & Wolf Thümmel - 1981 - In W. Klein & W. Levelt (eds.), Crossing the Boundaries in Linguistics. Reidel. pp. 79--93.
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  38. added 2015-01-28
    Narrow-Scoping for Wide-Scopers.Alex Worsnip - 2015 - Synthese 192 (8):2617-2646.
    Many philosophers think that requirements of rationality are “wide-scope”. That is to say: they are requirements to satisfy some material conditional, such that one counts as satisfying the requirement iff one either makes the conditional’s antecedent false or makes its consequent true. These contrast with narrow-scope requirements, where the requirement takes scope only over the consequent of the conditional. Many of the philosophers who have preferred wide-scope requirements to narrow-scope requirements have also endorsed a corresponding semantic claim, namely that ordinary (...)
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  39. added 2014-07-22
    Unembedded Indirect Discourse.Corien Bary & Emar Maier - 2014 - Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 18:77--94.
    This paper contributes to two debates: (i) the debate about whether or not ancient Greek has Free Indirect Discourse (FID), and (ii) the debate about how we should analyze FID semantically. We do this by showing that there is a distinction between FID and what we call Unembedded Indirect Discourse (UID). The semantic analysis that we develop for the latter shows that the two phenomena, though superficially similar, are semantically fundamentally different. We conclude that UID would have been more deserving (...)
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  40. added 2014-04-02
    Holton on Attitude Ascriptions and Intermediate Scope.David Pickles - 1995 - Mind 104 (415):577-582.
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  41. added 2014-04-01
    Defending the Wide-Scope Approach to Instrumental Reason.Jonathan Way - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):213 - 233.
    The Wide-Scope approach to instrumental reason holds that the requirement to intend the necessary means to your ends should be understood as a requirement to either intend the means, or else not intend the end. In this paper I explain and defend a neglected version of this approach. I argue that three serious objections to Wide-Scope accounts turn on a certain assumption about the nature of the reasons that ground the Wide-Scope requirement. The version of the Wide-Scope approach defended here (...)
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  42. added 2014-04-01
    The Normativity of Rationality.Jonathan Way - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (12):1057-1068.
    This article is an introduction to the recent debate about whether rationality is normative – that is, very roughly, about whether we should have attitudes which fit together in a coherent way. I begin by explaining an initial problem – the “detaching problem” – that arises on the assumption that we should have coherent attitudes. I then explain the prominent “wide-scope” solution to this problem, and some of the central objections to it. I end by considering the options that arise (...)
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  43. added 2014-04-01
    Interactions of Scope and Ellipsis.Stuart M. Shieber, Fernando C. N. Pereira & Mary Dalrymple - 1996 - Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (5):527 - 552.
    Systematic semantic ambiguities result from the interaction of the two operations that are involved in resolving ellipsis in the presence of scoping elements such as quantifiers and intensional operators: scope determination for the scoping elements and resolution of the elided relation. A variety of problematic examples previously noted - by Sag, Hirschbüihler, Gawron and Peters, Harper, and others - all have to do with such interactions. In previous work, we showed how ellipsis resolution can be stated and solved in equational (...)
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  44. added 2014-03-31
    Choice Functions and the Scopal Semantics of Indefinites.Yoad Winter - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (4):399-467.
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  45. added 2014-03-31
    Quantifier Scope: How Labor is Divided Between QR and Choice Functions. [REVIEW]Tanya Reinhart - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (4):335-397.
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  46. added 2014-03-31
    The Great Scope Inversion Conspiracy.Daniel Büring - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (2):175-194.
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  47. added 2014-03-31
    No Scope for Scope?Jaakko Hintikka - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (5):515-544.
    The notion of scope as it relates to a model of logical form is discussed. The inability of the accepted definition of scope to account for the contrast between priority scope - the logical priority of different quantifiers & other logical notions via rule ordering - & binding scope - the identification of the connection between variables of quantification & a particular quantifier - is demonstrated. The semantic ambiguity of this dichotomy of scope is explored via examination of donkey sentences. (...)
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  48. added 2014-03-29
    Quantification.Anna Szabolcsi - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book surveys research in quantification starting with the foundational work in the 1970s. It paints a vivid picture of generalized quantifiers and Boolean semantics. It explains how the discovery of diverse scope behavior in the 1990s transformed the view of quantification, and how the study of the internal composition of quantifiers has become central in recent years. It presents different approaches to the same problems, and links modern logic and formal semantics to advances in generative syntax. A unique feature (...)
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  49. added 2014-03-28
    Interrogative Quantifiers Within Scope.Jürgen Pafel - 1999 - Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (3):255-310.
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  50. added 2014-03-28
    Note on the Scope of Truth-Functional Logic.David Sherry - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (3):327-328.
    A plausible and popular rule governing the scope of truth-functional logic is shown to be indequate. The argument appeals to the existence of truth-functional paraphrases which are logically independent of their natural language counterparts. A more adequate rule is proposed.
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