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1 — 50 / 87
  1. added 2018-03-31
    Our Incorrigible Ontological Relations and Categories of Being.Julian M. Galvez Bunge (ed.) - 2017 - Buenos Aires: Amazon.
    The object of this book is to present a radical novel conception of the ontological categories, their nature and epistemic importance. A conception that constitutes a challenge to the prevailing tenets, if not paradigms, of ontology today. The arguments and observations are given without addressing nor directly contesting the current theories on the subject. However, its author emphasises some of the main conclusions that entail from the new perspective, in particular regarding the role of philosophy among the sciences. Departing from (...)
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  2. added 2018-03-27
    Disposition Ascriptions.Simona Aimar - 2018 - Philosophical Studies:1-26.
    I argue that disposition ascriptions—claims like ‘the glass is fragile’—are semantically equivalent to possibility claims: they are true when the given object manifests the disposition in at least one accessible possible world.
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  3. added 2018-02-07
    Generics and Weak Necessity.Ravi Thakral - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-28.
    A prevailing thought is that generics have a covert modal operator at logical form. I claim that if this is right, the covert generic modality is a weak necessity modal. In this paper, I provide evidence for this claim and I sketch a theory. In particular, I will show that there are some important distributional parallels between generics and sentences with overt weak necessity modals: both sorts of sentences share behavior in nonmonotonic reasoning environments and also lack genuine epistemic readings. (...)
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  4. added 2017-10-23
    Modals, Contextual Parameters, and the Modal Uniformity Hypothesis.Daniel Skibra - manuscript
    There is a common assumption in the semantics of modal auxiliaries in natural language; in utterances of MOD φ , where MOD is a modal and φ is the prejacent, context determines the particular flavor of modality expressed by the modal. Such is the standard contextualist semantics of Kratzer and related proposals. This winds up being a problem, because there is a significant class of modals which have constraints on the admissible modal flavor that are not traceable to context. For (...)
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  5. added 2017-09-04
    Cognitive linguistics and philosophy of mind.Pavel Baryshnikov - 2016 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 50 (4):119-134.
    This paper is aimed to analyze some grounds bridging the explanatory gap in philosophy of mind and linguistic sign theory. It's noted that the etymological ties between the notions of “consciousness", “cognition", “sign" are emphasized in the works on cognitive linguistics. This connection rises from the understanding of the symbolic nature of consciousness and the sign of semiosis as the key cognitive process. On the one hand, it is impossible to realize the communication procedures, knowledge, understanding, decisionmaking, orientation and even (...)
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  6. added 2017-09-03
    An Emergent Language of Paradox: Riffs on Steven M. Rosen’s Kleinian Signification of Being.Lisa Maroski - 2017 - Cosmos and History 13 (1):315-342.
    First, I briefly recapitulate the main points of Rosen’s article, namely, that the word “Being” does not adequately signify the paradoxical unification of subject and object and that the Klein bottle can serve as a more appropriate sign -vehicle than the word. I then propose to apply his insight more widely; however, in order to do that, it is first necessary to identify infra- and exostructures of language, including culture, category structure, logic, metaphor, semantics, syntax, concept, and sign vehicles, that (...)
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  7. added 2017-09-03
    A Semantics for Groups and Events.Peter Lasersohn - 1990 - Garland.
    This dissertation provides a model-theoretic semantics for English sentences atttributing a property or action to a group of objects, either collectively or distributively. It is shown that certain adverbial expressions select for collective predicates; therefore collective and distibutive predicates must be distinguishable. This finding is problematic for recent accounts of distributive predicates which analyze such predicates as taking group-level arguments, and hence as not distinguishable from collective predicates. ;A group-level treatment of distributives is possible, however, if predicate denotations are relativized (...)
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  8. added 2017-02-28
    Semantics Through Reference to the Unknown.Arslan Aran - 2016 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):381-392.
    In this paper, I dwell on a particular distinction introduced by Ilhan Inan—the distinction between ostensible and inostensible use of our language. The distinction applies to singular terms, such as proper names and definite descriptions, or to general terms like concepts and to the ways in which we refer to objects in the world by using such terms. Inan introduces the distinction primarily as an epistemic one but in his earlier writings (1997: 49) he leaves some room for it to (...)
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  9. added 2016-12-12
    What Is Meaning? By Scott Soames. Soochow University Lectures in Philosophy.Sergeiy Sandler - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (5):708 - 709.
    The European Legacy, Volume 17, Issue 5, Page 708-709, August 2012.
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  10. added 2016-12-11
    Coming to Our Senses: A Naturalistic Program for Semantic Localism.Michael Devitt - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Michael Devitt is a distinguished philosopher of language. In this book he takes up one of the most important difficulties that must be faced by philosophical semantics: namely, the threat posed by holism. Three important questions lie at the core of this book: what are the main objectives of semantics; why are they worthwhile; how should we accomplish them? Devitt answers these 'methodological' questions naturalistically and explores what semantic programme arises from the answers. The approach is anti-Cartesian, rejecting the idea (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-05
    I—M Ust a S Emantic M Inimalist Be a S Emantic I Nternalist&Quest.Emma Borg - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):31-51.
    I aim to show that a semantic minimalist need not also be a semantic internalist. §I introduces minimalism and internalism and argues that there is a prima facie case for a minimalist being an internalist. §II sketches some positive arguments for internalism which, if successful, show that a minimalist must be an internalist. §III goes on to reject these arguments and contends that the prima facie case for uniting minimalism and internalism is also not compelling. §IV returns to an objection (...)
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  12. added 2016-09-14
    Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language.Gillian Russell & Delia Graff Fara (eds.) - 2012 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    Philosophy of language is the branch of philosophy that examines the nature of meaning, the relationship of language to reality, and the ways in which we use, learn, and understand language. _The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language _provides a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the field, charting its key ideas and movements, and addressing contemporary research and enduring questions in the philosophy of language. Unique to this _Companion _is clear coverage of research from the related disciplines of formal logic (...)
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  13. added 2016-09-11
    Semantics, Metasemantics, Aboutness.Ori Simchen - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Metasemantics is the metaphysics of semantic endowment: it asks how expressions become endowed with their semantic significance. Assuming that semantics is of the usual truth-conditional sort, metasemantics asks after the determinants of expressions’ distinctive contributions to truth-conditions. There are two widely divergent general approaches to the metasemantic project. Some theories – “productivist” ones such as causal theories or intention-based theories – emphasize conditions of production or employment of the items semantically endowed. Other metasemantic theories – “interpretationist” ones – emphasize conditions (...)
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  14. added 2016-09-02
    Epistemological Implications of Relativism.J. Adam Carter - 2017 - In Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism. Routledge.
    Relativists about knowledge ascriptions think that whether a particular use of a knowledge-ascribing sentence, e.g., “Keith knows that the bank is open” is true depends on the epistemic standards at play in the assessor’s context—viz., the context in which the knowledge ascription is being as- sessed for truth or falsity. Given that the very same knowledge-ascription can be assessed for truth or falsity from indefinitely many perspectives, relativism has a striking consequence. When I ascribe knowledge to someone (e.g., when I (...)
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  15. added 2016-08-02
    Linguistics From an Evolutionary Point of View.James Hurford - 2012 - In Ruth M. Kempson, Tim Fernando & Nicholas Asher (eds.), Philosophy of Linguistics. North Holland. pp. 477.
  16. added 2016-07-14
    Counting as a Type of Measuring.David Liebesman - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16.
    There may be two and a half bagels on the table. When there are two and a half, it is false that there are exactly two. As obvious as these claims are, they can’t be accounted for on the most straightforward and familiar views of counting and the semantics of number words. I develop a view on which counting is a type of measuring. In particular, counting involves a specific measure function. I then analyze that function and show how it (...)
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  17. added 2016-04-04
    Simple Trinitarianism and Feature-Placing Sentences.Shieva Kleinschmidt - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (3):257-277.
    Some Trinitarians, such as Thomas Aquinas, wish to claim that God is mereologically simple; that is, God has no parts distinct from Himself. In this paper, I present Simple Trinitarianism, a view that takes God to be simple but, diverging from Aquinas, does not identify the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit with anything in our ontology. Nonetheless, Simple Trinitarians would like Trinitarian sentences to be true; thus, they must give a non-standard semantics for those sentences. I will focus on one (...)
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  18. added 2016-03-07
    Mainstream Semantics + Deflationary Truth.Alexis Burgess - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (5):397-410.
    Recent philosophy of language has been profoundly impacted by the idea that mainstream, model-theoretic semantics is somehow incompatible with deflationary accounts of truth and reference. The present article systematizes the case for incompatibilism, debunks circularity and “modal confusion” arguments familiar in the literature, and reconstructs the popular thought that truth-conditional semantics somehow “presupposes” a correspondence theory of truth as an inference to the best explanation. The case for compatibilism is closed by showing that this IBE argument fails to rule out (...)
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  19. added 2016-03-07
    Précis of "Coming to Our Senses: A Naturalistic Program for Semantic Localism".Michael Devitt - 1997 - Philosophical Issues 8:325-349.
  20. added 2016-03-07
    Introduction to Semantics.G. B. Keene - 1963 - Philosophical Books 4 (2):25-27.
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  21. added 2016-02-18
    Embedded Implicatures.François Recanati - 2003 - Philosophical Perspectives 17 (1):299–332.
    Conversational implicatures do not normally fall within the scope of operators because they arise at the speech act level, not at the level of sub-locutionary constituents. Yet in some cases they do, or so it seems. My aim in this paper is to compare different approaches to the problem raised by what I call 'embedded implicatures': seeming implicatures that arise locally, at a sub-locutionary level, without resulting from an inference in the narrow sense.
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  22. added 2016-01-30
    Relations Between Semantics and Syntax in Literary Language.María Azucena Penas Ibáñez - 1994 - In Carlos Inchaurralde (ed.), Perspectives on Semantics and Specialised Languages. Departamento de Filología Inglesa y Alemana, Universidad de Zaragoza.
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  23. added 2016-01-29
    Semantics of Under-Represented Languages in the Americas.H. Greene (ed.) - forthcoming - GLSA.
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  24. added 2016-01-29
    My Last Utterance.Roger Gallie - 1977 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 78:19 - 29.
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  25. added 2016-01-29
    Logical Second Intentions: Late Scholastic Theories of Higher Level Predicates.Larry Allen Hickman - 1971 - Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin
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  26. added 2016-01-12
    Descriptive Semantic Externalism.Steven Gross - 2015 - In Nick Riemer (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Semantics. pp. 13-29.
    This chapter examines the “externalist” claim that semantics should include theorizing about representational relations among linguistic expressions and (purported) aspects of the world. After disentangling our main topic from other strands in the larger set of externalist-internalist debates, arguments both for and against this claim are discussed. It is argued, among other things, that the fortunes of this externalist claim are bound up with contentious issues concerning the semantics-pragmatics border.
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  27. added 2015-11-19
    Realism, Model Theory, and Linguistic Semantics.Larry Hauser - manuscript
    George Lakoff (in his book Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things (1987) and the paper "Cognitive semantics" (1988)) champions some radical foundational views. Strikingly, Lakoff opposes realism as a metaphysical position, favoring instead some supposedly mild form of idealism such as that recently espoused by Hilary Putnam, going under the name internal realism." For what he takes to be connected reasons, Lakoff also rejects truth conditional model-theoretic semantics for natural language.
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  28. added 2015-11-19
    Accounting for the Role of Situation in Language Use in a Cognitive Semantic Representation of Sentence Mood.Kerstin Fischer - 2010 - In Dylan Glynn & Kerstin Fischer (eds.), Quantitative Methods in Cognitive Semantics: Corpus-Driven Approaches. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 46--179.
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  29. added 2015-11-19
    Natural Language and Formal Languages.Josep Macia Fabrega - 1997 - Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    This thesis consists of three papers on the semantics of natural language and formal languages. Chapter one discusses how the possible interpretation of the noun phrases in a sentence is affected by the syntactic structure of the sentence. In particular, we focus on the phenomena related to principles B and C of the Binding Theory. We can explain all these phenomena, including the counterexamples that have been offered against standard Binding Theory, by viewing the binding principles as semantic principles that (...)
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  30. added 2015-11-19
    Realism, Model Theory, and Linguistic Semantics.B. Abbott & L. Hauser - unknown
    George Lakoff (in his book Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things(1987) and the paper "Cognitive semantics" (1988)) champions some radical foundational views. Strikingly, Lakoff opposes realism as a metaphysical position, favoring instead some supposedly mild form of idealism such as that recently espoused by Hilary Putnam, going under the name "internal realism." For what he takes to be connected reasons, Lakoff also rejects truth conditional model-theoretic semantics for natural language. This paper examines an argument, given by Lakoff, against realism and MTS. (...)
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  31. added 2015-11-19
    On What We Know We Don't Know: Explanation, Theory, Linguistics, and How Questions Shape Them.Sylvain Bromberger - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this collection of essays, Bromberger explores the centrality of questions and predicaments they create in scientific research. He discusses the nature of explanation, theory, and the foundations of linguistics.
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  32. added 2015-11-03
    Philosophy, Linguistics and Semantic Interpretation.Christian Bassac - 2010 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Philosophy of Language and Linguistics. Ontos Verlag. pp. 17.
  33. added 2015-11-03
    Coming to Our Senses: A Naturalistic Program for Semantic Localism by Michael Devitt. [REVIEW]David Braun - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):489-92.
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  34. added 2015-10-28
    Modelling Context Within a Constraint-Based Account of Quantifier Usage.Chris Cummins & Napoleon Katsos - 2012 - In Rita Finkbeiner, Jörg Meibauer & Petra Schumacher (eds.), What is a Context?: Linguistic Approaches and Challenges. John Benjamins. pp. 196--229.
  35. added 2015-10-28
    The Role of Focus, Semantic Overlap and Discourse Function in Noun-Phrase Anaphor Resolution.H. W. Cowles & A. Garnham - 2011 - In Edward Gibson & Neal J. Pearlmutter (eds.), The Processing and Acquisition of Reference. MIT Press.
    One area of language research that has received a great deal of attention, both theoretical and empirical, is the use of anaphoric expressions. Such expressions can be thought of as serving two functions: the primary function is to refer back to a referent from previous discourse, and the secondary, but no less important, function is to help provide discourse coherence and structure. Third person pronouns such as he or she are anaphoric expressions par excellence, but fuller anaphoric expressions, including demonstrative (...)
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  36. added 2015-10-28
    Problem Identity of Linguistic Expressions and Synonymy Relations in Terms of Logical, Linguistic and Pragmatic Semantics.Barbora Geistova Cakovska - 2011 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18:115-125.
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  37. added 2015-10-28
    Modifying Event Nominals: Syntactic Surface Meets Semantic Transparency.Sebastian Bücking & Deutsches Seminar - 2009 - In Arndt Riester & Torgrim Solstad (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 13. pp. 93.
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  38. added 2015-10-28
    Mental Models, Model-Theoretic Semantics, and the Psychosemantic Conception of Truth.Shira Elqayam - 2005 - Philosophia Scientiae 9 (2):259-278.
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  39. added 2015-10-28
    Extended Axiomatic Linguistics.J. Dickins - 1998 - Mouton De Gruyter.
    This volume presents the semiotic and linguistic theory of extended axiomatic functionalism, focusing on its application to linguistic description.
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  40. added 2015-10-28
    On incoherent quantification in languages without constants.M. Byrd - 1975 - Logique Et Analyse 18 (69):155.
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  41. added 2015-10-28
    B. Semantics.Rudolf Carnap - 1959 - In Introduction to Semantics and Formalization of Logic. Harvard University Press. pp. 22-55.
  42. added 2015-10-25
    Why Semantic Unspecificity is Not Indexicality.Delia Belleri - 2014 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 10 (1):56-69.
    In this paper, I address the idea that certain sentences suffer from what is generally called semantic unspecificity: their meaning is determinate, but their truth conditions are not. While there tends to be agreement on the idea that semantic unspecificity differs from phenomena such as ambiguity and vagueness, some theorists have defended an account which traces it to indexicality, broadly construed. Some authors have tried to vindicate the distinction between unspecificity and indexicality and, in this paper, I pursue the same (...)
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  43. added 2015-10-25
    How Extension Al is Extensional Perception?Nicholas M. Asher & Daniel Bonevac - 1985 - Linguistics and Philosophy 8 (2):203 - 228.
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  44. added 2015-10-19
    Radical Interpretation and Compositional Structure.Peter Pagin - manuscript
    In this paper I shall be concerned with the relation between a particular account of linguistic meaning and the property of compositionality in natural language.1 The account, proposed by Donald Davidson, is that based on considerations about radical interpretation. I shall argue that there is a fundamental conflict between, on the one hand, the view that the meaning of expressions of natural languages is determined purely according to canons of radical interpretation, and, on the other hand, the view that natural (...)
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  45. added 2015-10-19
    Brentano: Immanent Realism and the Structure of Intentional Reference.Oana Gherman - 2009 - Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 8:188-192.
    Smith maintains that Brentano conceives his own theory of substance as a refined and perfected version of the Aristotelian theory. According to Mulligan and Smith, Brentano argues that a range of different habits and training are necessary preconditions of noticing. McDonnell observes that, for Brentano, our consciousness contains a structural unity of its own. Zahavi emphasizes that, according to Brentano, all mental states are characterized by their intentional directedness, they are all conscious of objects. Albertazzi points out that Brentano’s doctrine (...)
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  46. added 2015-10-19
    Kittay, E. F., "Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure". [REVIEW]D. E. Cooper - 1988 - Mind 97:479.
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  47. added 2015-10-18
    A Comparison of Three Approaches to the Interaction of Semantics and Syntax.Virginia Teller & Joan Bachenko - 1983 - In Alex Orenstein & Rafael Stern (eds.), Developments in Semantics. Haven. pp. 2--189.
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  48. added 2015-10-18
    The Following Classification is Pragmatic and is Intended Merely to Facilitate Reference. No Claim to Exhaustive Categorization is Made by the Parenthetical Additions in Small Capitals.Psycholinguistics Semantics & Formal Properties Of Languages - 1974 - Foundations of Language: International Journal of Language and Philosophy 12:149.
  49. added 2015-10-17
    Chapter Four: Conventions of Language: Semantics.Andrei Marmor - 2009 - In Social Conventions: From Language to Law. Princeton University Press. pp. 79-105.
  50. added 2015-10-17
    Referential Semantics for I‐Languages?Peter Ludlow - 2003 - In Louise M. Antony (ed.), Chomsky and His Critics. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 140--161.
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