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  1. Michael Moehler, Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory.Saranga Sudarshan - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 19 (2):201-204.
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  2. Private Property, Freedom and Order: Social Contract Theories From Hobbes to Rawls.Mehmet Kanatli - 2021 - Routledge India.
    This book looks at how the ideas of freedom, property, and order are expressed in modern social contract theories. Drawing on the theories of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls, it studies how notions of freedom promulgated by these SCTs invariably legitimise and defend the private ownership of the means of production. It argues that capitalism's impact on individual dependence and economic inequality still stems from this model, ultimately working in favour of proprietors. The author highlights the problematic nature of SCTs, (...)
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  3. Social Contract and Political Obligation: A Critique and Reappraisal.Peter J. McCormick - 1987 - Routledge.
    First published in 1987. This study is concerned with the problem of political obligation, the normative question of why one should obey the law, and with social contract thought as an answer to this question. It is entitled a critique, but the critique is not of social contract theory as such, but rather of the "orthodox" treatment of contract that yields so readily to the rough handling and easy rejection that is the normal lot of contractarianism in contemporary treatments. In (...)
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  4. The Social Contract Theory and Corporation Moral Obligation.Husein Inusah & Peter Sena Gawu - 2021 - E-Logos 28 (1):4-16.
  5. The Distributive Liberal Social Contract as Definite Norm of Communicative Action: A Characterization Through the Nash Social Welfare Function.Jean Mercier-Ythier - 2021 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 1:65-93.
  6. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY BY THOMAS HOBBES AND JOHN LOCKE.Levon Babajanyan & Hamlet Simonyan - 2019 - In EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY: COLLECTION OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES. Yerevan, Armenia: pp. 296-302.
    The article presents a basic perception regarding social contract theory which is considered to be one of the most well-known and influential theories in western political philosophy. By exploring the concepts of social contract theory suggested by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, an attempt is made to reveal various features and characteristics of the natural state. The article discusses the general description of the state of nature as well as the process of establishing a social contract as a means of (...)
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  7. The Fiduciary Social Contract.Gary Lawson - 2021 - Social Philosophy and Policy 38 (1):25-51.
    The United States Constitution is, in form and fact, a kind of fiduciary instrument, and government officials acting pursuant to that document are subject to the background rules of fiduciary obligation that underlie all such documents. One of the most basic eighteenth-century fiduciary rules was the presumptive rule against subdelegation of discretionary authority. The rule was presumptive only; there were recognized exceptions that permitted subdelegation when it was specifically authorized by the instrument of agency, when it was validated by custom (...)
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  8. ‘This Man is My Property’: Slavery and Political Absolutism in Locke and the Classical Social Contract Tradition.Johan Olsthoorn & Laurens van Apeldoorn - 2022 - European Journal of Political Theory 21 (2):253-275.
    It is morally impossible, Locke argued, for individuals to consensually establish absolute rule over themselves. That would be to transfer to rulers a power that is not ours, but God’s alone: ownership of our lives. This article analyses the conceptual presuppositions of Locke’s argument for the moral impossibility of self-enslavement through a comparison with other classical social contract theorists, including Grotius, Hobbes and Pufendorf. Despite notoriously defending the permissibility of voluntary enslavement of individuals and even entire peoples, Grotius similarly endorsed (...)
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  9. A Social Contract Analysis of Rawls and Rousseau: Supplanting the Original Position As Philosophically Most Favored.Paul Neiman - 2007 - Dissertation, Marquette University
    This dissertation begins with an exploration of the method John Rawls uses to justify his choice situation, the original position, and his conception of justice, justice as fairness. The method consists of three criteria that Rawls' theory of juslice is able to meet, leading him to declare the original position, and the conception of justice be derives from it, philosophically most favored. Once this method of justification has been explicated, a method of evaluating theories of justice that meet the criteria (...)
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  10. The Costs and Benefits of Prosecution: A Contractualist Justification of Amnesty.Robert Patrick Whelan - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-23.
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  11. Social Cooperation as Institutional Rule-Following.Chris Melenovsky - 2020 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (34):26-49.
    The idea that society is a cooperative venture has been used by contractualists, contractarians, and deliberative democrats to justify the burdens of society to each member. In such a coop- erative venture, those who benefit from society owe a contribution and those that contribute are owed benefits. Even though this idea is quite intuitive, there are deep disagreements about what makes society cooperative. Some focus on acts of production, others on fair interaction, and still others on the intention to contribute (...)
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  12. Restoring Catharine Macaulay’s Enlightenment Republicanism?Karen Green - 2021 - Dialogue and Universalism 31 (3):39–57.
    Can Catharine Macaulay’s enlightenment, democratic, republicanism be justified from the point of view of contemporary naturalism? Naturalist accounts of political authority tend to be realist and pessimistic, foreclosing the possibility of enlightenment. Macaulay’s utopian political philosophy relies on belief in a good God, whose existence underpins the possibility of moral and political progress. This paper attempts a restoration of her optimistic utopianism, in a reconciliation, grounded in a revision of natural law, of naturalist and utopian attitudes to political theory. It (...)
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  13. ‘This Man is My Property’: Slavery and Political Absolutism in Locke and the Classical Social Contract Tradition.Johan Olsthoorn & Laurens van Apeldoorn - 2020 - European Journal of Political Theory 21 (2):147488512091130.
    It is morally impossible, Locke argued, for individuals to consensually establish absolute rule over themselves. That would be to transfer to rulers a power that is not ours, but God’s alone: owner...
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  14. Socialism for Soloists: Spelling Out the Social Contract.William Edmundson - 2021 - Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
    "This accessible introduction to the philosophy and practicality of market socialism is a must-read for anyone interested in building a more just and more free society." Matt Bruenig, People's Policy Project -/- "In this splendid new book, William Edmundson develops the social contract tradition to show how only a socialist society enables individuals to flourish. He makes such a clear and compelling case for socialism that no liberal who is truly committed to individual freedom, equality, and reciprocity can possibly resist." (...)
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  15. Le Racisme Antinoir, L’Antisémitisme Et L’ÉtatAntiblackness, Antisemitism, and the State. Fanon, the Frankfurt School, and the Social Contract Tradition.Martin Shuster - 2021 - Les Cahiers Philosophiques de Strasbourg 50:13-52.
  16. ‘Toward a Global Social Contract for Trade’ - a Rawlsian Approach to Blockchain Systems Design and Responsible Trade Facilitation in the New Bretton Woods Era.Arnold Lim & Enrong Pan - 2021 - Journal of Responsible Technology 6:100011.
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  17. Is There a Social Justice to Dentistry’s Social Contract?Alexander C. L. Holden & Carlos R. Quiñonez - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (7):646-651.
    Bioethics, Volume 35, Issue 7, Page 646-651, September 2021.
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  18. Rawls's Conception of Autonomy.Anthony Taylor - forthcoming - In The Routledge Handbook of Autonomy.
    This chapter sets out John Rawls’s conception of autonomy and considers the role that it plays in his thought across A Theory of Justice and Political Liberalism. I suggest that one distinctive but overlooked feature of this conception is that it takes seriously the threat to autonomy that arises from how individuals are shaped by their social and political institutions. After setting out this conception and tracing its connections to wider discussions of autonomy, I argue for two main conclusions. First, (...)
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  19. A Socially Constructive Social Contract: The Need for Coalitions in Corrective Justice.Nina Windgaetter - 2017 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    In my dissertation, I argue that the enterprise of corrective justice requires answering questions about what is unjust and how we ought to set and pursue corrective justice goals. To answer these questions in a way that will allow us to correct for the persistent and entrenched injustices which result from processes of stratification in our society, I’ll put forward a two-tiered social contract theory, which will allow us to approach these questions in a way that will capture the agreement (...)
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  20. Cryptocurrency Will End Government as We ‘Know’ It.Ilexa Yardley - 2021 - Https://Medium.Com/the-Circular-Theory/.
    Nature tokenizes an always-present circle (the circular-linear relationship) (one zero-one one) (circumference and diameter) (literally and figuratively). Meaning, everything we 'see' in Nature is a token for a circle. Meaning, technology, specifically crypto-technology, will eventually take over what we currently 'know' as 'government.' (Authority in general.) For the intelligent anarchist in all of us.
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  21. Whose Social Contract?Paul R. DeHart - 2021 - Catholic Social Science Review 26:3-21.
    Many scholars view political contractarianism as a distinctly modern account of the foundations of political order. Ideas such as popular sovereignty, the right of revolution, the necessity of the consent of the governed for rightful political authority, natural equality, and a pre-civil state of nature embody the modern rupture with classical political philosophy and traditional Christian theology. At the headwaters of this modern revolution stands Thomas Hobbes. Since the American founders subscribed to the social contract theory, they are often said (...)
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  22. Rebellion in Sala-Ma-Sond: The Social Contract and a Turtle Named Mack.Ron Novy - 2011 - In Jacob Held (ed.), Dr. Seuss and Philosophy: Oh, the Thinks You Can Think! Rowman and Littlefield. pp. 167-178.
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  23. Contracting for Catastrophe:Legitimizing Emergency Constitutions by Drawing on Social Contract Theory.Stefan Voigt - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):149-172.
    States of emergency are declared frequently in all parts of the world. Their declaration routinely implies a suspension of basic constitutional rights. In the last half century, it has become the norm for constitutions to contain an explicit ‘emergency constitution’, i.e., the constitutionally safeguarded rules of operation for a state of emergency. In this paper, I ask whether inclusion of an emergency constitution can be legitimized by drawing on social contract theory. I argue that there are important arguments, both against (...)
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  24. Strategic Justice, Conventions, and Game Theory: Themes in the Philosophy of Peter Vanderschraaf.John Thrasher & Michael Moehler (eds.) - forthcoming - London/Berlin/New York: Springer.
    For more than twenty years, Peter Vanderschraaf’s work has combined rigorous game-theoretic analysis, innovative use of (social) scientific method, and normative analysis in the context of the social contract. Vanderschraaf’s work has influenced a significant interdisciplinary field of study and culminated in the publication of his book, Strategic Justice: Convention and Problems of Balancing Divergent Interests (OUP, 2019). Building upon his previous work, Vanderschraaf developed a new theory of justice (justice-as-convention) that, despite a mutual advantage approach, considers the most vulnerable (...)
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  25. Strategic Justice, Conventionalism, and Bargaining Theory.Michael Moehler - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):8317-8334.
    Conventionalism as a distinct approach to the social contract received significant attention in the game-theoretic literature on social contract theory. Peter Vanderschraaf’s sophisticated and innovative theory of conventional justice represents the most recent contribution to this tradition and, in many ways, can be viewed as a culmination of this tradition. In this article, I focus primarily on Vanderschraaf’s defense of the egalitarian bargaining solution as a principle of justice. I argue that one particular formal feature of this bargaining solution, the (...)
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  26. The Separateness of Persons: Defending the Rawlsian Institutional Approach to Distributive Justice.Edward Andrew Greetis - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-23.
    The Rawlsian institutional approach holds that distributive principles apply to socioeconomic institutions rather than transactions within the institutional framework. Critics claim that the approach is baseless. I defend Rawls’s institutionalism by showing that it has a rational basis: Rawls “constructs” a theory of justice from considered judgments, especially ideas found in the political culture and historical conditions of democracy, including the fact of reasonable pluralism, which supports his institutionalism. I use Rawls’s “fact-sensitive constructivism” to interpret his claim that “utilitarianism does (...)
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  27. Against the Anticosmopolitan Basic Structure Argument: The Systemic Concept of Distributive Justice and Economic Divisions of Labor.Edward Andrew Greetis - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-21.
    I examine the main anticosmopolitan Rawslian argument, the ‘basic structure argument.’ It holds that distributive justice only applies to existing basic structures, there are only state basic structures, so distributive justice only applies among compatriots. Proponents of the argument face three challenges: 1) they must explain what type of basic structure relation makes distributive justice relevant only among compatriots, 2) they must explain why distributive justice (as opposed to allocative or retributive) is the relevant regulative concept for basic structures, and (...)
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  28. Thinking with the Intimacy Contract: Social Contract Critique and the Privatization of US Empire.Rachel H. Brown - 2020 - Political Theory 48 (6):692-722.
    This essay considers how an “intimacy contract,” as a conceptual tool and a political reality, extends existing critiques of the social contract tradition by accounting for the privatized nature of the post-9/11 US empire. Examining critiques by Carole Pateman and Charles Mills, I argue that an intimacy contract uncovers the coercive power relations underlying neoliberal discourses of entrepreneurial freedom. Focusing on migrant labor on US military bases, I provide an overview of the racial, sexual, and settler contracts and the need (...)
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  29. Review of 'What is Political Philosophy?'. [REVIEW]Lewis D. Ross - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Philosophy.
  30. Claude Ake o rozwoju i demokracji w Afryce.Krzysztof Trzcinski - 2012 - In R. Vorbrich (ed.), Rozwój a kultura. Perspektywy poznawcze i praktyczne. Wrocław: pp. 89-107.
    W artykule tym przedstawiam koncepcję rozwoju autorstwa wybitnego nigeryjskiego myśliciela i demokraty Claude’a Akego. Ake zaproponował abstrakcyjny paradygmat rozwoju społeczeństw afrykańskich w warunkach demokracji. Paradygmat ten opiera się na rolnej strategii rozwoju, zgodnie z którą powinien być on uzyskiwany małymi krokami i pierwotnie generowany na wsi. Ake zdefiniował rozwój jako proces, „poprzez który ludzie kształtują i zmieniają siebie oraz swoją sytuację życiową, by osiągać wyższe poziomy cywilizacyjne, zgodnie z własnymi wyborami i wartościami”. Zdaniem nigeryjskiego myśliciela, rozwój jako proces zbiorowy powinien (...)
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  31. Book Review: Hobbes and the Two Faces of Ethics, by Arash Abizadeh. [REVIEW]Devin Stauffer - 2020 - Political Theory 48 (3):401-405.
  32. Review of Anthony de Jasay, Political Philosophy, Clearly. [REVIEW]Gary Chartier - 2010 - Independent Review 15:603-606.
  33. Peoples or Person?: Revising Rawls on Global Justice.Gary Chartier - 2004 - Boston College International and Comparative Law Review 27:1-97.
    Argues that the reasons Rawls offers in The Law of Peoples for rejecting cosmopolitanism are unpersuasive and that Rawls's resistance to cosmopolitanism is associated with other problematic features of his approach, including his stance regarding justice in warfare; an individualist, cosmopolitan approach would resolve evident difficulties in Rawls's position.
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  34. Hobbes and Political Realism.Robin Douglass - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):250-269.
    Thomas Hobbes has recently been cast as one of the forefathers of political realism. This article evaluates his place in the realist tradition by focusing on three key themes: the priority of legitimacy over justice, the relation between ethics and politics, and the place of imagination in politics. The thread uniting these themes is the importance Hobbes placed on achieving a moral consensus around peaceful coexistence, a point which distances him from realists who view the two as competing goals of (...)
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  35. Contra Politanism.Jacob T. Levy - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):162-183.
    This article diagnoses and critiques pervasive forms of teleological thought about basic structures of political organization in modern and contemporary political thought: arguments that the sovereign state, the nation-state, or some variant of a cosmopolis both represents the unfolding of history’s moral logic and offers us full moral personhood, agency, and maturity. Despite the received wisdom that modern political thought broke with teleology, I argue that early modern social contract theory was deeply teleological. The emergence of the normatively self-contained sovereign (...)
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  36. 7000 B. C.: Apparatus of Capture.Daniel W. Smith - 2018 - In Henry Somers-Hall, James Williams & Jeffrey Bell (eds.), A Thousand Plateaus and Philosophy. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 223-241.
  37. Self-Organizing Moral Systems: Beyond Social Contract Theory.Gerald Gaus - 2018 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 17 (2):119-147.
    This essay examines two different modes of reasoning about justice: an individual mode in which each individual judges what we all ought to do and a social mode in which we seek to reconcile our judgments of justice so that we can share common rules of justice. Social contract theory has traditionally emphasized the second, reconciliation mode, devising a central plan to do so. However, I argue that because we disagree not only in our judgments of justice but also about (...)
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  38. Philosophy’s Gaudy Dress.Linda M. G. Zerilli - 2005 - European Journal of Political Theory 4 (2):146-163.
    John Locke famously sets the arts of rhetoric at odds with the pursuit of knowledge. Drawing on the work of Ernesto Grassi, this article shows that Locke’s epistemological and political arguments are parasitic on the very tropes and figures he would exclude in any serious discourse. Accordingly, Locke’s attack on the divine right of kings and his famous argument for the social contract is read as exhibiting a rhetorical structure. This structure is crucial to Locke’s critique of heteronomy and his (...)
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  39. The Democratic Boundary Problem and Social Contract Theory.Marco Verschoor - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (1):3-22.
    How to demarcate the political units within which democracy will be practiced? Although recent years have witnessed a steadily increasing academic interest in this question concerning the boundary problem in democratic theory, social contract theory’s potential for solving it has largely been ignored. In fact, contract views are premised on the assumption of a given people and so presuppose what requires legitimization: the existence of a demarcated group of individuals materializing, as it were, from nowhere and whose members agree among (...)
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  40. Democratic Justice and the Social Contract: An Overview.Albert Weale - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (2):207-210.
  41. Democratic Justice: The Priority of Politics and the Ideal of Citizenship.Valentina Gentile - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (2):211-221.
    In his Democratic justice and the social contract, Weale presents a distinctive contingent practice-dependent model of ‘democratic justice’ that relies heavily on a condition of just social and political relations among equals. Several issues arise from this account. Under which conditions might such just social and political relations be realised? What ideal of equality is required for ‘democratic justice’? What are its implications for the political ideal of citizenship? This paper focuses on these questions as a way to critically reconsider (...)
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  42. The Moral Basis for Contract Rights.John R. Rowan - 2001 - Journal of Social Philosophy 32 (3):431-445.
  43. The Moral Personhood of Individuals Labeled “Mentally Retarded”: A Rawlsian Response to Nussbaum.Sophia Isako Wong - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):579-594.
  44. States Without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals. [REVIEW]James Jacobs - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (1):108-110.
  45. Natural Law and Public Reason in Kant’s Political Philosophy.Daniel M. Weinstock - 1996 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):389-411.
    My intention in this essay will be to explore the role that consent-based arguments perform in Kant's political and legal philosophy. I want to uncover the extent to which Kant considered that the legitimacy of the State and of its laws depends upon the outcome of intersubjective deliberation. Commentators have divided over the following question: Is Kant best viewed as a member of the social contract tradition, according to which the legitimacy of the state and of the laws it promulgates (...)
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  46. A Hobbesian Foundation for Welfare Rights.Sheldon Wein - 1991 - Social Philosophy Today 6:15-28.
  47. Politics and Religion in the Social Contract.Simon Critchley - 2016 - In Yves Charles Zarka & Anne Deneys-Tunney (eds.), Rousseau Between Nature and Culture: Philosophy, Literature, and Politics. De Gruyter. pp. 111-118.
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  48. Feminism, Adaptive Preferences, and Social Contract Theory.Mary Barbara Walsh - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):829-845.
    Feminists have long been aware of the pathology and the dangers of what are now termed “adaptive preferences.” Adaptive preferences are preferences formed in unconscious response to oppression. Thinkers from each wave of feminism continue to confront the problem of women's internalization of their own oppression, that is, the problem of women forming their preferences within the confining and deforming space that patriarchy provides. All preferences are, in fact, formed in response to a limited set of options, but not all (...)
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  49. The Priority of Liberty: Rawls Versus Pogge.Edward Andrew Greetis - 2015 - Philosophical Forum 46 (2):227-245.
    Thomas Pogge argues that John Rawls’s priority of liberty rule is not constraining enough: it permits morally unacceptable restrictions of basic liberties. Because of this, Pogge claims that Rawls fails in his two central ambitions: to construct a moral conception that (1) opposes utilitarianism and (2) matches his judgments in reflective equilibrium. Pogge attributes this error to Rawls’s “purely recipient-oriented theorizing”—assessing a society’s basic structure based on how its citizens fare. I argue that Rawls’s theory does not allow restrictions of (...)
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  50. Self-Identity and the Social Contract.Michael William Dahlem - 1991 - Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    The purpose of this study is to examine the conditions necessary for the achievement of a general human happiness. By 'general happiness' I refer to those conditions in which all persons have the means necessary to pursue their good and in which the attainment of happiness is a common occurrence. ;In a similar inquiry, Herbert Marcuse described three preconditions for the achievement of a general happiness: material abundance, self-knowledge and social justice. He held that abundance is necessary to satisfy our (...)
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