Sociology of Knowledge

Edited by Markus Seidel (University of Münster)
Assistant editor: Charlott Becker (University of Münster)
About this topic
Summary Sociology of Knowledge aims at an understanding of the social aspects of knowledge. It comprises research about all kinds of knowledge like e.g. scientific knowledge, common knowledge and practical knowledge.
Key works Mannheim 1946 can rightly be called one of the classics of sociology of knowledge, Berger & Luckmann 1966 argues for a new approach in the sociology of knowledge that takes into account 'what everybody knows'.  Schutz 1973 is the vantage point for a phenomenological tradition in the sociology of knowledge.  Foucault ms introduces the influential Archeology of Knowledge.
Introductions Hamilton 1974 is a general introduction to the field, Meja & Stehr 1999 provides a collection of key essays from the beginning of sociology of knowledge
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206 found
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1 — 50 / 206
  1. added 2019-01-17
    Decolonising Science in Canada: A Work in Progress.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (11):42-47.
    This paper briefly highlights a small part of the work being done by Indigenous groups in Canada to integrate science into their ways of knowing and living with nature. Special attention is given to a recent attempt by Mi'kmaw educators in Unama'ki (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) to overcome suspicion of science among their youth by establishing an 'Integrative Science' (Toqwa'tu'kl Kjijitaqnn, or 'bringing our knowledges together') degree programme at Cape Breton University. The goal was to combine Indigenous and scientific knowledges (...)
  2. added 2019-01-15
    Dialecticality and Deep Disagreement.Scott Aikin - 2018 - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 5 (2):173-179.
    Scott F. Aikin ABSTRACT: In this paper, I will argue for a complex of three theses. First, that the problem of deep disagreement is an instance of the regress problem of justification. Second, that the problem of deep disagreement, as a regress problem, depends on a dialecticality requirement for arguments. Third, that the dialecticality requirement...
  3. added 2019-01-15
    Why the Dialectical Tier is an Epistemic Animal.Scott Aikin - 2018 - In S. & Maillat Oswald (ed.), rgumentation and Inference: Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Argumentation, Fribourg 2017. London, UK: pp. 11-22.
    Ralph Johnson has proposed a “two tiered” conception of argument, comprising of the illative core and the dialectical tier. This paper's two-part thesis is that (i) the dialectical tier is best understood as an epistemic requirement for argument, and (ii) once understood epistemically, the dialectical tier requirement can be defended against the leading objections.
  4. added 2019-01-14
    History and Sociology of Science.Géraldine Delley & Sébastien Plutniak - 2018 - In Sandra L. López Varela (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Oxford:
    The relationship between archaeology and other sciences has only recently become a research topic for sociologists and historians of science. From the 1950s to the present day, different approaches have been taken and the aims of research studies have changed considerably. Besides methodological textbooks, which aim at advancing archaeological knowledge, historians of archaeology have tackled this question by exploring the development of archaeology as a scientific discipline. More recently, collaborations between archaeologists and other scientists have been examined as a general (...)
  5. added 2019-01-11
    Inaccurate Ambitions and Missing Methodologies: Thoughts on Jeff Kochan and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. [REVIEW]Pablo Schyfter - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (8):8-14.
  6. added 2019-01-11
    The Very Being of a Conceptual Scheme: Disciplinary and Conceptual Critiques. [REVIEW]Adam Riggio - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (11):53-59.
  7. added 2019-01-11
    Heidegger Today: On Jeff Kochan's Science as Social Existence. [REVIEW]Paolo Palladino - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (8):41-46.
    Book review of: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers).
  8. added 2018-12-18
    Disassembling the System: A Reply to Paolo Palladino and Adam Riggio.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (12):29-38.
    Final instalment of a book-review symposium on: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers). -- Author's response to: Paolo Palladino (2018), 'Heidegger Today: On Jeff Kochan’s Science and Social Existence,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7(8): 41-46; and Adam Riggio (2018), 'The Very Being of a Conceptual Scheme: Disciplinary and Conceptual Critiques,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7(11): 53-59.
  9. added 2018-12-12
    Suppressed Subjectivity and Truncated Tradition: A Reply to Pablo Schyfter.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (12):15-21.
    Author's response to: Pablo Schyfter, 'Inaccurate Ambitions and Missing Methodologies: Thoughts on Jeff Kochan and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7, no. 8 (2018): 8-14. -- Part of a book-review symposium on: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers).
  10. added 2018-11-26
    Experiencing Multiple Realities: Alfred Schutz’s Sociology of the Finite Provinces of Meaning.Marius Ion Benta - 2018 - London, UK: Routledge.
    This book offers a theoretical investigation into the general problem of reality as a multiplicity of ‘finite provinces of meaning’, as developed in the work of Alfred Schutz. A critical introduction to Schutz’s sociology of multiple realities as well as a sympathetic re-reading and reconstruction of his project, Experiencing Multiple Realities traces the genesis and implications of this concept in Schutz’s writings before presenting an analysis of various ways in which it can shed light on major sociological problems, such as (...)
  11. added 2018-11-26
    The Multiple Reality: A Critical Study on Alfred Schutz's Sociology of the Finite Provinces of Meaning.Marius Ion Benta - 2014 - Dissertation,
    This work is a critical introduction to Alfred Schutz’s sociology of the multiple reality and an enterprise that seeks to reassess and reconstruct the Schutzian project. In the first part of the study, I inquire into Schutz’s biographical con- text that surrounds the germination of this conception and I analyse the main texts of Schutz where he has dealt directly with ‘finite provinces of meaning.’ On the basis of this analysis, I suggest and discuss, in Part II, several solutions to (...)
  12. added 2018-11-09
    Stop the Pidgin: A Reply to Steve Fuller.Charles Turner - 2008 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (3):379-382.
  13. added 2018-11-08
    The Trap of Intellectual Success: Robert N. Bellah, the American Civil Religion Debate, and the Sociology of Knowledge.Matteo Bortolini - 2012 - Theory and Society 41 (2):187-210.
    Current sociology of knowledge tends to take for granted Robert K. Merton’s theory of cumulative advantage: successful ideas bring recognition to their authors, successful authors have their ideas recognized more easily than unknown ones. This article argues that this theory should be revised via the introduction of the differential between the status of an idea and that of its creator: when an idea is more important than its creator, the latter becomes identified with the former, and this will hinder recognition (...)
  14. added 2018-11-08
    Book Review:Socializing Epistemology: The Social Dimensions of Knowledge. Frederick F. Schmitt. [REVIEW]Andrew P. Norman - 1996 - Ethics 106 (3):663-.
  15. added 2018-11-08
    "Durkheim's Philosophy of Science and the Sociology of Knowledge: Creating an Intellectual Niche," by Warren Schmaus. [REVIEW]Barry Barnes - 1996 - Isis 87 (4):743-744.
  16. added 2018-11-08
    The American Creed in Sociological Theory Exchange, Negotiated Order, Accommodated Individualism, and Contingency.Richard Munch - 1986 - Sociological Theory 4 (1):41-60.
  17. added 2018-11-08
    More on Bloor.L. Laudan - 1982 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (1):71-74.
  18. added 2018-09-03
    Central Asian Monuments.H. B. Paksoy (ed.) - 1992 - Istanbul: ISIS Press.
    The historical and literary Monuments of Central Asia are the repositories of civilization, culture and aesthetic tastes of their creators and their milieu over millennia. Though some existed in manuscript, a large portion survived dozens of centuries as part of the oral tradition. After printing press licenses were wrestled by the Central Asians from the Russian government during the 19th century, many were collected by the Central Asians and others, and published. The Monuments have proved to be durable. Primarily works (...)
  19. added 2018-08-27
    Сократ как пророк. Архаические черты ксенофонто-платоновского образа Сократа.Dmitrii Vorobev - 2017 - Философская Мысль 11:47-58.
    The object of this work is the traditional image of the philosopher Socrates, created by Plato and Xenophon. The author changes the research context, proceeding from the idea that philosophy in the Ancient Greece during the time of Socrates have not yet separated from the religion. Special place within the Greek religion holds the mantic – the ritual art of interpreting symbols, sent by the supernatural forces. An expert in the field of mantic were called mantis or prophet; they featured (...)
  20. added 2018-08-27
    The Problem of Assimilation of Scientific Information.A. K. Sukhotin - 1973 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):54-72.
    We know that since the Renaissance, scientific knowledge has increased exponentially. The amount of knowledge has now grown to colossal proportions and doubles every fifteen years . The question of digesting scientific information is acute. Even today its scope is such that assimilation of the accumulated knowledge even within a fairly narrow discipline has become virtually a lifetime undertaking for a scientist. It is also necessary to realize that modern science is developing quite rapidly at the junctions of its branches, (...)
  21. added 2018-08-26
    Генеалогия истины. К вопросу о социальной легитимации эпистемологического реализма.Dmitrii Vorobev - 2018 - Философская Мысль 8:21-33.
    Opponents of epistemological constructivism traditionally accuse it of relativism, of the aspiration to serve society, but not the objective truth. In response to these charges, relying on the principles of the sociology of knowledge, the author investigates an issue of social legitimation of epistemological realism position. He considers opposition of Ancient Greek paideia projects (Isokrates vs. Plato). As a result of Plato's victory in this conflict, dispositions of metaphysical realism were shaped. The author comes to a conclusion that the aspiration (...)
  22. added 2018-08-25
    Тезис Протагора: доксологическая перспектива.Mats Rosengren, Кристина Анкерйерте & Dmitrii Vorobev - 2014 - Вопросы Философии 5:171-178.
    The paper presents doxological interpretation of homo-measure set. Traditionally this thesis is seen as an expression of the impermanent human doxa as the only possible truth. Using the approach of analytic philosophy to the interpretation of the famous speech, the author refuses treatment of man as an individual in favor of a generic understanding of the man. Generic feature of human in ancient world-view is the logos, which is coming to be seen as a measure of all things, including man (...)
  23. added 2018-08-20
    Taking Conspiracy Theories Seriously.Matthew R. X. Dentith (ed.) - forthcoming - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    The contributors to this volume argue that whilst there is a commonplace superstition conspiracy theories are examples of bad beliefs (and that the kind of people who believe conspiracy theories are typically irrational), many conspiracy theories are rational to believe: the members of the Dewey Commission were right to say that the Moscow Trials of the 1930s were a sham; Woodward and Bernstein were correct to think that Nixon was complicit in the conspiracy to deny any wrongdoing in the Watergate (...)
  24. added 2018-08-16
    Refurbishing Epistemology: A Meta-Epistemological Framework.Dominique Kuenzle - 2017 - De Gruyter.
    Epistemology is an important philosophical discipline, yet little research has directly addressed its aims and criteria of success. This study closes the gap by offering epistemological functionalism as a fully worked-out meta-epistemological framework that accommodates not only questions of traditional epistemology, but also more recent developments such as naturalism, social epistemology, pragmatism and feminism.
  25. added 2018-08-11
    Race and the Race for the White House: On Social Research in the Age of Trump.Musa Al-Gharbi - 2018 - American Sociologist 32.
    As it became clear that Donald Trump had a real base of political support, even as analysts consistently underestimated his electoral prospects, they grew increasingly fascinated with the question of who was supporting him (and why). However, researchers have also tended to hold strong negative opinions about Trump, and have approached research with uncharitable priors about the kind of person who would support him and what they would be motivated by. This essay presents a series of case studies showing how (...)
  26. added 2018-07-19
    Présentation. L'empirisme rationaliste de Durkheim et Mauss.Jules Salomone (ed.) - 2017 - Paris, France: PUF.
  27. added 2018-07-14
    Evaluation of Research(Ers) and its Threat to Epistemic Pluralisms.Marco Viola - 2017 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 13 (2):55-78.
    While some form of evaluation has always been employed in science (e.g. peer review, hiring), formal systems of evaluation of research and researchers have recently come to play a more prominent role in many countries because of the adoption of new models of governance. According to such models, the quality of the output of both researchers and their institutions is measured, and issues such as eligibility for tenure or the allocation of public funding to research institutions crucially depends on the (...)
  28. added 2018-07-09
    Implicit Bias and the Idealized Rational Self.Nora Berenstain - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:445-485.
    The underrepresentation of women, people of color, and especially women of color—and the corresponding overrepresentation of white men—is more pronounced in philosophy than in many of the sciences. I suggest that part of the explanation for this lies in the role played by the idealized rational self, a concept that is relatively influential in philosophy but rarely employed in the sciences. The idealized rational self models the mind as consistent, unified, rationally transcendent, and introspectively transparent. I hypothesize that acceptance of (...)
  29. added 2018-07-09
    Steps Towards a Theory of the Knowledge-Society.Andrea Cerroni - 2018 - Social Science Information 57 (2):322-343.
    During the last decades, knowledge has attracted the greatest attention in a growing number of disciplines, generating a deluge of literature. However, it has yet to become the object of a fully established sociology of knowledge able to fulfil the challenges of present society, often called the knowledge-society. We posit knowledge as a basis on which to model social life, proposing a three-dimensional approach to social reality (i.e., individuals, social aggregates, knowledge). Looking at knowledge as at ‘a cooperative good’ and (...)
  30. added 2018-07-09
    Scientific Community Through Grid-Group Analysis.A. Cerroni & Z. Simonella - 2014 - Social Science Information 53 (1):119-138.
    Mary Douglas introduced the grid-group map as a tool of anthropological analysis. Several studies have been applying this approach to study social phenomena, but very few concerning the scientific community. This article aims to bridge the current gap, building sociological ideal-types in the scientific community based on grid-group analysis. First, we illustrate the main features of Douglas’s grid-group analysis, up to and including the latest studies developed in the social sciences. Then, we apply Douglas’s approach to a sample of scientists, (...)
  31. added 2018-07-09
    Ethos and Symbolic Violence Among Women of Science: An Empirical Study.A. Cerroni & Z. Simonella - 2012 - Social Science Information 51 (2):165-182.
    While scientific challenges raise relevant debates about the ethics of science, the scientific ethos, shattered by post-Mertonian studies, has received neither due attention nor further conceptualizations in view of the transition to knowledge society. On the contrary, in our investigation of Italian women scientists, it appears to have survived as a reference for scientists, even if the context has changed. Indeed, the ethos of scientists is no longer conceivable as exclusive, but is instead seen as open and dynamic in interaction (...)
  32. added 2018-07-08
    Technological Seduction and Self-Radicalization.Mark Alfano, Joseph Adam Carter & Marc Cheong - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association (3):298-322.
    Many scholars agree that the Internet plays a pivotal role in self-radicalization, which can lead to behaviours ranging from lone-wolf terrorism to participation in white nationalist rallies to mundane bigotry and voting for extremist candidates. However, the mechanisms by which the Internet facilitates self-radicalization are disputed; some fault the individuals who end up self-radicalized, while others lay the blame on the technology itself. In this paper, we explore the role played by technological design decisions in online self-radicalization in its myriad (...)
  33. added 2018-06-07
    (Meta-Philosophy) All-Inclusive Theory.Ulrich De Balbian - 2018 - Frankfurt: Create Space.
    I explore the frame of reference of the multiverse and the universe as point of reference for the meta-philosophical reflection on philosophy and the doing of philosophy. -/- Some of the many topics being dealt with in this frame of reference and from this perspective of the bigger picture are - -/- Determinism, -/- The absence of Free Will, -/- Consequences of this for Law, -/- God and determinism, -/- Embodied Consciousness and Conscious Embodiment, -/- Radical Scepticism, -/- Nihilism, -/- (...)
  34. added 2018-05-31
    On the Sociology of Subjectivity: A Reply to Raphael Sassower.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (5):39-41.
    Author's response to: Raphael Sassower, 'Heidegger and the Sociologists: A Forced Marriage?,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7, no. 5 (2018): 30-32. -- Part of a book-review symposium on: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers).
  35. added 2018-05-25
    Julian Jaynes and the Bicameral Mind: A Case Study in the Sociology of Belief.W. T. Jones - 1982 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (2):153-171.
  36. added 2018-05-24
    Book Review: Knowledge. The Philosophical Quest in History, by Steve Fuller. [REVIEW]Iván E. Gómez-Aguilar - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (1):86-92.
  37. added 2018-05-24
    Bullshit as a Problem of Social Epistemology.Joshua Wakeham - 2017 - Sociological Theory 35 (1):15-38.
  38. added 2018-05-24
    An American Portrait: Critical Reflections on Randall Collins's the Sociology of Philosophies.John A. Hall - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (2):202-206.
  39. added 2018-05-24
    The Philosophical Deficit in Randall Collins's the Sociology of Philosophies.I. C. Jarvie - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (2):274-283.
  40. added 2018-05-24
    Must Knowledge—or 'Knowledge'—Be Socially Constructed?Colin Radford - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):15-33.
  41. added 2018-05-24
    The Expression of Historical Knowledge.J. L. Gorman - 1982 - Edinburgh University Press.
  42. added 2018-05-18
    Primitive Classification Revisited.Lewis A. Coser - 1988 - Sociological Theory 6 (1):85-90.
  43. added 2018-05-17
    Relativism as a Completion of the Scientific Project.Barry Barnes - 2011 - In Richard Schantz & Markus Seidel (eds.), The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge. ontos. pp. 23-40.
  44. added 2018-05-16
    The Uses of Ambiguity in Sociological Theorizing: Three Ethnographic Approaches.Andrew Deener - 2017 - Sociological Theory 35 (4):359-379.
    Claims of causality and generalizability are the primary means through which sociologists triumph over ambiguity. Yet ambiguity also has significant uses in the process of theorizing. This article identifies and examines three ethnographic approaches: (1) Ambiguity in shared situations highlights how subjects create and resolve disruptions in face-to-face interactions, (2) ambiguity as a transitional social form addresses certain stages and spaces as persistently ambiguous types of situations and phenomena, and (3) ambiguity as separating means from ends identifies mechanisms that conceal (...)
  45. added 2018-05-12
    De la monoculture de la Raison à l’écologie des Savoirs – Boaventura de Sousa Santos et la lutte contre l’épistémicide.Luis Fellipe C. Garcia - 2018 - L’Art du Comprendre – Visages de la Pensée Ibérique 25.
    This paper proposes to reconstruct Boaventura de Sousa Santos' conception of "epistemologies of the south" both (a) as a critical theory aiming at denouncing the impoverishment of the epistemic field entailed by the normative imposition of a certain model of knowledge (what we call "the monoculture of reason"), and (b) as a long-term political project of a harmonic coexistence of different epistemologies ("an ecology of knowledges").
  46. added 2018-04-24
    Goldman and Siegel on the Epistemic Aims of Education.Alessia Marabini & Luca Moretti - manuscript
    Philosophers have claimed that education aims at fostering disparate epistemic goals. In this paper we focus on an important segment of this debate involving conversation between Alvin Goldman and Harvey Siegel. Goldman claims that education is essentially aimed at producing true beliefs. Siegel contends that education is essentially aimed at fostering both true beliefs and, independently, critical thinking and rational belief. Although we find Siegel’s position intuitively more plausible than Goldman’s, we also find Siegel’s defence of it wanting. We suggest (...)
  47. added 2018-03-21
    Open Data, Open Review and Open Dialogue in Making Social Sciences Plausible.Quan-Hoang Vuong - 2017 - Nature: Scientific Data Updates 2017.
    Nowadays, protecting trust in social sciences also means engaging in open community dialogue, which helps to safeguard robustness and improve efficiency of research methods. The combination of open data, open review and open dialogue may sound simple but implementation in the real world will not be straightforward. However, in view of Begley and Ellis’s (2012) statement that, “the scientific process demands the highest standards of quality, ethics and rigour,” they are worth implementing. More importantly, they are feasible to work on (...)
  48. added 2018-03-15
    Knowing Humanity in the Social World.Francis X. Remedios & Val Dusek - 2018 - London, UK: Palgrave.
    This book examines Fuller’s pioneering vision of social epistemology. It focuses specifically on his work post-2000, which is founded in the changing conception of humanity and project into a ‘post-‘ or ‘trans-‘ human future. Chapters treat especially Fuller’s provocative response to the changing boundary conditions of the knower due to anticipated changes in humanity coming from the nanosciences, neuroscience, synthetic biology and computer technology and end on an interview with Fuller himself. While Fuller’s turn in this direction has invited at (...)
  49. added 2018-03-08
    Introduction.Markus Seidel & Richard Schantz - 2011 - In Markus Seidel & Richard Schantz (eds.), The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of Knowledge. De Gruyter. pp. 11-22.
  50. added 2018-03-05
    La pensée nomade et les ontologies cachées - Eduardo Viveiros de Castro face à la pensée régulatrice.Luis Fellipe C. Garcia - 2015 - AUC Interpretationes - Studia Philosophica Europeanea (1):37-58.
    This paper explores the contrast between two meanings of thinking: (i) one implied by the Cartesian and Kantian philosophy, the two thinkers that have arguably the deepest influence on the constellation of Western philosophical problems and (ii) another implied by the philosophical-anthropological project of the Brazilian anthropologist Eduardo Viveiros de Castro. The thesis here defended is that, in the Cartesian and Kantian philosophy, thinking is related to ruling and legislating over the experience through concepts, while in Viveiros de Castros' theoretical (...)
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