Sociology of Science

Edited by Markus Seidel (University of Münster)
Assistant editor: Charlott Becker (University of Münster)
About this topic
Summary Sociology of Science aims at an understanding of the social aspects of science. It comprises research about the social structure of the institutions of science and their relationship to other institutions as well as the influence on and construction of scientific knowledge.
Key works Barnes et al 1996 states the prominent 'Strong programme', Collins 1985 presents the sociology of science of the so-called 'Bath school', Fleck 1979 is an early classic in sociology of science, In Latour & Woolgar 1986 a constructivist approach in the sociology of science is defended, Merton 1973 is a collection of key essays by probably the most prominent sociologist of science, De Solla Price is one of the founding fathers of scientometrics , In Shapin & Schaffer 1989, you find an influential case study
Introductions Barnes et al 1996 can be read as an introduction to the field, Helen Longino's article in the Stanford Encyclopedia provides introductory insight in the social dimensions of scientific knowledge
Related categories

2594 found
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  1. added 2019-01-15
    Forget Postmodernism: Bruno Latour’s Nous N’Avons Jamais Été Modernes.Raymond D. Boisvert - 1994 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 6 (3):43-49.
  2. added 2019-01-14
    History and Sociology of Science.Géraldine Delley & Sébastien Plutniak - 2018 - In Sandra L. López Varela (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Oxford:
    The relationship between archaeology and other sciences has only recently become a research topic for sociologists and historians of science. From the 1950s to the present day, different approaches have been taken and the aims of research studies have changed considerably. Besides methodological textbooks, which aim at advancing archaeological knowledge, historians of archaeology have tackled this question by exploring the development of archaeology as a scientific discipline. More recently, collaborations between archaeologists and other scientists have been examined as a general (...)
  3. added 2019-01-11
    Heidegger Today: On Jeff Kochan's Science as Social Existence. [REVIEW]Paolo Palladino - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (8):41-46.
    Book review of: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers).
  4. added 2019-01-11
    The Very Being of a Conceptual Scheme: Disciplinary and Conceptual Critiques. [REVIEW]Adam Riggio - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (11):53-59.
  5. added 2019-01-11
    Inaccurate Ambitions and Missing Methodologies: Thoughts on Jeff Kochan and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. [REVIEW]Pablo Schyfter - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (8):8-14.
  6. added 2019-01-10
    The Credit Incentive to Be a Maverick.Remco Heesen - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    There is a commonly made distinction between two types of scientists: risk-taking, trailblazing mavericks and detail-oriented followers. A number of recent papers have discussed the question what a desirable mixture of mavericks and followers looks like. Answering this question is most useful if a scientific community can be steered toward such a desirable mixture. One attractive route is through credit incentives: manipulating rewards so that reward-seeking scientists are likely to form the desired mixture of their own accord. Here I argue (...)
  7. added 2019-01-07
    Why the Reward Structure of Science Makes Reproducibility Problems Inevitable.Remco Heesen - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy 115 (12):661-674.
    Recent philosophical work has praised the reward structure of science, while recent empirical work has shown that many scientific results may not be reproducible. I argue that the reward structure of science incentivizes scientists to focus on speed and impact at the expense of the reproducibility of their work, thus contributing to the so-called reproducibility crisis. I use a rational choice model to identify a set of sufficient conditions for this problem to arise, and I argue that these conditions plausibly (...)
  8. added 2018-12-21
    A Socialized History of Science.Scientific Knowledge Socialized - forthcoming - History of Science.
  9. added 2018-12-21
    The Evolution of Scientific Knowledge.Hans Siggaard Jensen, Lykke Margot Richter & Vendelø Morten Thanning - 2003 - Edward Elgar Publishing.
    The Evolution of Scientific Knowledge aims to reach a unique understanding of science with the help of economic and sociological theories. They use institutional and evolutionary theories and the sociological theories draw from the type of work on social studies of science that have, in recent decades, transformed our picture of science and technology. The Evolution of Scientific Knowledge aims to reach a unique understanding of science with the help of economic and sociological theories. They use institutional and evolutionary theories (...)
  10. added 2018-12-21
    Saving Kuhn From the Sociologists of Science.Robert Nola - 2000 - Science & Education 9 (1-2):77-90.
  11. added 2018-12-21
    Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch The Golem: What Everyone Should Know About Science. [REVIEW]Thomas Nickles - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):261.
  12. added 2018-12-21
    How Could Scientific Facts Be Socially Constructed?Alan Nelson - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):535-547.
  13. added 2018-12-20
    Essay Review: A Socialized History of Science: Science as Power: Discourse and Ideology in Modern Society, Science, Technology and the Military, Scientific Knowledge SocializedScience as Power: Discourse and Ideology in Modern Society. AronowitzStanley . Pp. Xii + 385£29.50 , £9.95 .Science, Technology and the Military. Ed. By MendelsohnE., Roe-SmithM. And WeingartP. . Pp. Xxx + 562 in Two Vols. £111.Scientific Knowledge Socialized. Ed. By HronskyI., FehérM. And DajkaB. . Pp. X + 440£69. [REVIEW]K. Hoch Paul - 1990 - History of Science 28 (2):193-202.
  14. added 2018-12-20
    From the Sociology of Scientific Communities to the Study of Scientists' Negotiations and Beyond.R. D. Whitley - 1983 - Social Science Information 22 (4-5):681-720.
  15. added 2018-12-20
    Nature DecodedNatural Order: Historical Studies of Scientific Culture. Barry Barnes, Steven Shapin.Charles E. Rosenberg - 1980 - Isis 71 (2):291-295.
  16. added 2018-12-19
    Dialogues, Notes, Essays, Letters and Diaries. An Analytical Proposal Regarding the Contribution of Literature to the Society of Knowledge.Emanuele Coco - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):401-415.
    The need for European citizens to be more involved in scientific research has emerged from the conclusions of the studies commissioned by the EC and by independent bodies. In the first part of this contribution, I will discuss the question of whether a dialogue between society and science is desirable. I will attempt to claim that at least one of the reasons why the dialogue between science and society should be defended has been underestimated in the course of most of (...)
  17. added 2018-12-19
    Science and Society in Southern Africa. Saul Dubow.Harriet Deacon - 2001 - Isis 92 (4):767-768.
  18. added 2018-12-19
    Positioning: The Social Construction of Selves.B. Davis & R. Harre - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (1):43-63.
  19. added 2018-12-19
    Determinants of Science Evolution in the 19th and 20th Centuries in Scientific Knowledge Socialized.H. Horz - 1988 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 108:139-155.
  20. added 2018-12-18
    Disassembling the System: A Reply to Paolo Palladino and Adam Riggio.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (12):29-38.
    Final instalment of a book-review symposium on: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers). -- Author's response to: Paolo Palladino (2018), 'Heidegger Today: On Jeff Kochan’s Science and Social Existence,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7(8): 41-46; and Adam Riggio (2018), 'The Very Being of a Conceptual Scheme: Disciplinary and Conceptual Critiques,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7(11): 53-59.
  21. added 2018-12-16
    Economic Aspects of Science: Editor's Introduction.Mike Thicke - 2013 - Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):1-5.
    The economics of science is a discipline with a long history, and yet one where there if often too little dialogue between its constituent parts. The articles in this issue's focused discussion begin to address that problem by examining recent developments in science's economic circumstances from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.
  22. added 2018-12-16
    REVIEW: David Tyfield, The Economics of Science: A Critical Realist Overview, Volumes 1 and 2. [REVIEW]Mike Thicke - 2013 - Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):94-96.
    David Tyfield’s two-volume The Economics of Science is an ambitious and valuable attempt to explain recent developments in economics of science using a critical realist/Marxian framework, and at the same time to unite critical realism with science and technology studies.
  23. added 2018-12-12
    Suppressed Subjectivity and Truncated Tradition: A Reply to Pablo Schyfter.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (12):15-21.
    Author's response to: Pablo Schyfter, 'Inaccurate Ambitions and Missing Methodologies: Thoughts on Jeff Kochan and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge,' Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7, no. 8 (2018): 8-14. -- Part of a book-review symposium on: Jeff Kochan (2017), Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (Cambridge UK: Open Book Publishers).
  24. added 2018-12-09
    Illegitimate Values, Confirmation Bias, and Mandevillian Cognition in Science.Uwe Peters - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axy079.
    It is a common proposal that values are illegitimate in science and should be counteracted whenever they drive inquiry to the confirmation of predetermined conclusions. Drawing on recent psychological research on the evolutionary function of human reasoning and confirmation bias, I argue that this view should be rejected. Advocates of it have overlooked that values that drive inquiry to the confirmation of predetermined conclusions can contribute to the reliability of scientific inquiry at the group level even when they negatively affect (...)
  25. added 2018-12-09
    Book Review:The Golem: What Everyone Should Know About Science Harry Collins, Trevor Pinch. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (3):487-.
  26. added 2018-12-01
    Decolonising Science in Canada: A Work in Progress.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (11):42-47.
    This paper briefly highlights a small part of the work being done by Indigenous groups in Canada to integrate science into their ways of knowing and living with nature. Special attention is given to a recent attempt by Mi'kmaw educators in Unama'ki (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) to overcome suspicion of science among their youth by establishing an 'Integrative Science' (Toqwa'tu'kl Kjijitaqnn, or 'bringing our knowledges together') degree programme at Cape Breton University. The goal was to combine Indigenous and scientific knowledges (...)
  27. added 2018-11-26
    The Multiple Reality: A Critical Study on Alfred Schutz's Sociology of the Finite Provinces of Meaning.Marius Ion Benta - 2014 - Dissertation,
    This work is a critical introduction to Alfred Schutz’s sociology of the multiple reality and an enterprise that seeks to reassess and reconstruct the Schutzian project. In the first part of the study, I inquire into Schutz’s biographical con- text that surrounds the germination of this conception and I analyse the main texts of Schutz where he has dealt directly with ‘finite provinces of meaning.’ On the basis of this analysis, I suggest and discuss, in Part II, several solutions to (...)
  28. added 2018-11-24
    Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Jeff Kochan - 2017 - Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.
    Review: 'Half an original interpretation of Heidegger's early work and half an attempt to buttress the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) with a more philosophically rigorous grounding, Science as Social Existence will be of interest not only to Heidegger scholars but to anyone engaged in science and technology studies. [...] This is an informative and original book. Kochan should be praised for his clear, pleasant-to-read prose.' (Michael Butler, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, for CHOICE).
  29. added 2018-11-15
    Implicit Bias and the Idealized Rational Self.Nora Berenstain - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:445-485.
    The underrepresentation of women, people of color, and especially women of color—and the corresponding overrepresentation of white men—is more pronounced in philosophy than in many of the sciences. I suggest that part of the explanation for this lies in the role played by the idealized rational self, a concept that is relatively influential in philosophy but rarely employed in the sciences. The idealized rational self models the mind as consistent, unified, rationally transcendent, and introspectively transparent. I hypothesize that acceptance of (...)
  30. added 2018-11-08
    Book Review: The Customization of Science: The Impact of Religious and Political Worldviews on Contemporary Science, by Steve Fuller, Mikael Stenmark, and Ulf Zackarisson, Eds. [REVIEW]Sheldon Richmond - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (1):92-97.
  31. added 2018-11-08
    Revising as Reframing.David Strang & Kyle Siler - 2015 - Sociological Theory 33 (1):71-96.
    Peer review guides the intensive reworking of research reports, a key mechanism in the construction of social scientific knowledge and one that gives substantial creative agency to journal editors and reviewers. We conceptualize this process in terms of two types of challenges: evidentiary challenges that question a study’s methodology and interpretive challenges that question a study’s theoretical framing. A survey of authors recently published in Administrative Science Quarterly finds that their peer review experience was dominated by interpretive challenges: extensive criticisms, (...)
  32. added 2018-11-08
    Fuller and Mirowski on the Commercialization of Scientific Knowledge.Francis Remedios - 2009 - In Jeroen van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  33. added 2018-11-08
    Theoretical Dangers: The FBI Investigations of "Science & Society".David H. Price - 2004 - Science and Society 68 (4):475 - 482.
  34. added 2018-11-08
    Karl Mannheim and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge: Toward.Dick Pels - 1996 - Sociological Theory 14 (1):30-48.
  35. added 2018-11-08
    Word Power: Is Rhetoric All There Is?Steven Seidman - 1992 - Sociological Theory 10 (2):255-258.
  36. added 2018-11-08
    Rationality Today.Stephen Turner - 1991 - Sociological Theory 9 (2):191-194.
    We come to the finding of the sociology of scientific knowledge that all rationality is local, dependent on local customs and practices, shaped by the contingencies of history. Either this claim or that of the rational choice program is wrong. One way out of this conflict would be to accept the irreconcilability of the various concepts of rationality, to reject Boudon's and Bourricaud's conclusion that these usages have a common core, and to make rationality an "empirical problem." Yet this strategy (...)
  37. added 2018-11-08
    The Scientific Appropriation of Social Research: Robert Park's Human Ecology and American Sociology.Daniel Breslau - 1990 - Theory and Society 19 (4):417-446.
  38. added 2018-11-08
    Rhetoric's Revival, Positivism's Persistence: Social Science, Clear Communication, and the Public Space.John Durham Peters - 1990 - Sociological Theory 8 (2):224-231.
  39. added 2018-11-08
    Response to MacKenzie.Peter J. Bowler - 1985 - Annals of Science 42 (4):420-420.
  40. added 2018-11-08
    Theories and Theory Groups Revisited.Nicholas C. Mullins - 1983 - Sociological Theory 1:319-337.
  41. added 2018-10-31
    The Reference Class Problem for Credit Valuation in Science.Carole J. Lee - manuscript
    Scholars belong to multiple communities of credit simultaneously. When these communities disagree about how much credit to assign to a scholarly achievement, this raises a puzzle for decision theory models of credit-seeking in science. The reference class problem for credit valuation in science is the problem of determining to which of an agent’s communities – which reference class – credit determinations should be indexed for any given act under any given state of nature. I will identify strategies and desiderata for (...)
  42. added 2018-10-14
    Science, Technology, and National Policy. Thomas J. Kuehn, Alan L. Porter.A. Hunter Dupree - 1981 - Isis 72 (4):649-650.
  43. added 2018-10-01
    Retractions in Science.Wray K. Brad & Andersen Line Edslev - forthcoming - Scientometrics.
    Retractions are rare in science, but there is growing concern about the impact retracted papers have. We present data on the retractions in the journal Science, between 1983 and 2017. Each year, approximately 2.6 papers are retracted; that is about 0.34% of the papers published in the journal. 30% of the retracted papers are retracted within 1 year of publication. Some papers are retracted almost 12 years after publication. 51% of the retracted papers are retracted due to honest mistakes. Smaller (...)
  44. added 2018-09-21
    The Human Sciences After the Decade of the Brain.Jon Leefmann & Elisabeth Hildt - 2017 - London, Vereinigtes Königreich: Elsevier Academic Press.
    The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain brings together exciting new works that address today’s key challenges for a mutual interaction between cognitive neuroscience and the social sciences and humanities. Taking up the methodological and conceptual problems of choosing a neuroscience approach to disciplines such as philosophy, history, ethics and education, the book deepens discussions on a range of epistemological, historical, and sociological questions about the "neuro-turn" in the new millennium. The book’s three sections focus on (i) epistemological (...)
  45. added 2018-09-20
    Scientific Knowledge-Building and Healing Processes.Jean-Pierre Courtial - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (2):113-122.
    Scientific knowledge-building is the consequence of a relational process, not of an utilitarian socio-economic process. Translation theory expresses the way in which science is constructed and used as a social link. In fact, translation theory contends that scientific knowledge is somehow governed by the logic of exchange. This logic of exchange would ultimately be the source of science and well being and characterize the way in which science and technology work in our contemporary world especially regarding healing processes through mobilising (...)
  46. added 2018-09-16
    Expertise and the Fragmentation of Intellectual Autonomy.C. Thi Nguyen - 2018 - Philosophical Inquiries 6 (2):107-124.
    In The Great Endarkenment, Elijah Millgram argues that the hyper-specialization of expert domains has led to an intellectual crisis. Each field of human knowledge has its own specialized jargon, knowledge, and form of reasoning, and each is mutually incomprehensible to the next. Furthermore, says Millgram, modern scientific practical arguments are draped across many fields. Thus, there is no person in a position to assess the success of such a practical argument for themselves. This arrangement virtually guarantees that mistakes will accrue (...)
  47. added 2018-09-16
    Philosophie der Teilchenphysik.Gregor Schiemann - 2017 - BUW Output 17:12-17.
  48. added 2018-09-09
    Science in Society: An Annotated Guide to Resources. Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.Clark A. Elliott - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):619-619.
  49. added 2018-09-09
    Truth as Success of Action. The Constructive Approach in the Philosophy of Science in Scientific Knowledge Socialized.Peter Janich - 1988 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 108:313-326.
  50. added 2018-09-09
    Originality and Competition in Science. A Study of the British High Energy Physics Community. Jerry Gaston.Paul Forman - 1975 - Isis 66 (1):152-152.
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