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  1. Graph of Socratic Elenchos.John Bova - manuscript
    From my ongoing "Metalogical Plato" project. The aim of the diagram is to make reasonably intuitive how the Socratic elenchos (the logic of refutation applied to candidate formulations of virtues or ruling knowledges) looks and works as a whole structure. This is my starting point in the project, in part because of its great familiarity and arguable claim to being the inauguration of western philosophy; getting this point less wrong would have broad and deep consequences, including for philosophy’s self-understanding. -/- (...)
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  2. Socrates the Stoic? Rethinking Protreptic, Eudaimonism, and the Role of Plato's Socratic Dialogues.Eric Brown - manuscript
    I defend the Stoicizing view that Socrates in the Euthydemus really means what he says when he says that wisdom is the only good for a human being. By taking the deniers' case seriously and extending my Stoicizing interpretation to the Euthydemus as a whole, I aim to show how the dialogue calls into question three prominent assumptions that the deniers make, assumptions that reach far beyond the Euthydemus and that are made by more than just the deniers. First, the (...)
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  3. Philosophy at the Gym.Erik Kenyon - manuscript
    Ethical philosophy was born in the gyms of Athens. This book returns a body of abstract thought to its original context, to understand how training for the body sparked training for the mind. We will use archaeology to reconstruct the reality of ancient athletics and literary texts to critique philosophers’ idealized versions of this reality. We will explore a cluster of questions about the nature of happiness (eudaimonia), the role of human excellence (arete) in this life and what forms of (...)
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  4. Reception of Medieval Arabic Literature of Imaginative Socrates’ Political Teachings.Mostafa Younesie - manuscript
    Usually thoughts are not in isolation but in varing degrees have interrelations with each other. With regard to this historical fact as a classist want to explore the reception of a few medieval Arabic texts and writers of Socrates available teachings about politics.
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  5. Exile Theatre.Greek Prison Islands - unknown - The Classical Review 62 (1).
  6. Voices of Silence: On Gregory Vlastos’ Socrates: Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher, by Gregory Vlastos. [REVIEW]Alexander Nehamas - unknown - Arion 2 (1).
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  7. Socrates' Daimonion in Plato's Phaedrus.J. Partridge - unknown - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 13.
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  8. Misunderstanding Socrates.Robert Talisse - unknown - Arion 9 (3).
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  9. Socrates in Plato and Xenophon - Denyer Plato: The Apology of Socrates and Xenophon: The Apology of Socrates. Pp. XII + 148. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Paper, £19.99, Us$25.99 . Isbn: 978-0-521-14582-4. [REVIEW]Hayden W. Ausland - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
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  10. The Coherence of Socrates’s Mission in Advance.Jeremy Bell - forthcoming - International Philosophical Quarterly.
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  11. 'Socrates Vs. Sophists.David Blank - forthcoming - Classical Antiquity.
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  12. Un Argument de Socrate Contre la Thèse de l'Âme-Harmonie.A. Brémond - forthcoming - Archives de Philosophie.
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  13. Plato's Socrates and His Conception of Philosophy.Eric Brown - forthcoming - In Richard Kraut & David Ebrey (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed. Cambridge:
    This is a study of Plato's use of the character Socrates to model what philosophy is. The study focuses on the Apology, and finds that philosophy there is the love of wisdom, where wisdom is expertise about how to live, of the sort that only gods can fully have, and where Socrates loves wisdom in three ways, first by honoring wisdom as the gods' possession, testing human claims to it, second by pursuing wisdom, examining himself as he examines others, to (...)
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  14. Socratic Methods.Eric Brown - forthcoming - In Nicholas D. Smith, Russell E. Jones & Ravi Sharma (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates, 2nd ed. London, UK:
    This selective and opinionated overview of English-language scholarship on the philosophical method(s) of Plato's Socrates discusses whether this Socrates has any expertise or method, how he examines others and why, and how he exhorts others to care about wisdom and the state of their soul.
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  15. Socrates in the Labyrinth: Hypertext, Argument.David Kolb - forthcoming - Philosophy.
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  16. 30 Jacqueline Feke Trusting the Divine Voice: Socrates and His Daimonion.Anna Lännström - forthcoming - Apeiron.
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  17. PLATO ON SOCRATES. Ralkowski Plato's Trial of Athens. Pp. X + 234. London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019. Cased, £85, US$114. ISBN: 978-1-4742-2724-7. [REVIEW]Claudia Marsico - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
  18. Can Flogging Make Us Less Ignorant? Socrates on Bodily Punishment.Freya Mobus - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy.
    In the Gorgias, Socrates claims that painful bodily punishment like flogging can improve certain wrongdoers. I argue that we can take Socrates’ endorsement seriously, even on the standard interpretation of Socratic motivational intellectualism, according to which there are no non-rational desires. I propose that flogging can epistemically improve certain wrongdoers by communicating that wrongdoing is bad for oneself. In certain cases, this belief cannot be communicated effectively through philosophical dialogue.
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  19. Socrates and the Tragedy of Athens.Harry Neumann - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  20. E-Government En de Burger.Wouter-Jan Oosten - forthcoming - Idee.
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  21. Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo. Plato - forthcoming - Audio CD.
    These dramatized, unabridged versions of Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo present the trial, imprisonment, and execution of Socrates, who Phaedo said was the "wisest, best, and most righteous person I have ever known."In the Euthyphro Socrates approaches the court where he will be tried on charges of atheism and corrupting the young. On the way he meets Euthyphro, an expert in religious matters. Socrates challenges Euthyphro's claim that ethics should be based on religion.In the Apology Socrates presents his own (...)
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  22. Apologia di Socrate. Platone & Maria Pievatolo - forthcoming - Bollettino Telematico di Filosofia Politica.
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  23. As Diotima Saw Socrates.Amélie Oksenberg Rorty - forthcoming - Arion.
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  24. The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates, 2nd Ed.Nicholas D. Smith, Russell E. Jones & Ravi Sharma (eds.) - forthcoming
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  25. Socratis Et Socraticorum Reliquiae Source.Emidio Spinelli, Thomas Bénatouïl, Riccardo Chiaradonna, Tiziano Dorandi, Anna Maria Ioppolo, Carlos Lévy & Mauro Tulli (eds.) - forthcoming
    Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae Source presents the transcription of the collection of testimonies about Socrates and Socratics (Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae) originally edited by G. Giannantoni. -/- The site enable users to access texts, exploit resources, and perform queries. Notes, additional information and a legenda for a better access to the texts are also available. -/- The publication is peer-reviewed and aspire to meet the highest quality standards. The content of the site and its internet addresses are stable and can (...)
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  26. Removing Matter: Aristotle’s Criticism of Socrates the Younger.Andrea Argenti - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):26-52.
    This study is concerned with a crucial passage in Metaphysics Z.11. After having established that only the formal parts of an object are stated in its definition and thus constitute its essence, Aristotle warns us against the process of separating the formal from the material parts. In doing so, he rejects the comparison proposed by Socrates the Younger. Mathematicals cannot be equated to natural objects because some material parts must be included in accounting for the latter but not in accounting (...)
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  27. Reading Plato’s Dialogues to Enhance Learning and Inquiry: Exploring Socrates’ Use of Protreptic for Student Engagement, by Mason Marshall.Robert S. Colter - 2022 - Teaching Philosophy 45 (2):245-248.
  28. Socrates’ Defence of Justice in the Republic.Manlio Fossati - 2022 - Plato Journal 23:51-65.
    This paper argues that the dialogical dynamic gives important information on the importance of, and the hierarchy between, the reasons illustrated in favour of justice in Plato’s Republic. Despite his interlocutors’ request to focus exclusively on the effect of justice in and by itself, Socrates indicates that the description of the consequences of justice included in Book 10 is an integral part of his defence, and that some of these consequences, the rewards assigned by the gods in the afterlife, are (...)
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  29. Socrates’ Burial in Plato and Euclides.Menahem Luz - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 16 (1):1-14.
    In Phaedo 115c-e Socrates scornfully rebukes Crito for enquiring how Socrates should be buried for Crito had not been persuaded by the previous arguments that burying Socrates’ body is not equal to burying Socrates. A parallel account is found in Aelian and Diogenes Laertius where Apollodorus is rebuked for attempting to persuade Socrates that he should be bothered how his remains would be clothed when laid out. Several scholars have suggested this should not be considered a copy of Plato but (...)
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  30. Socrates’ Home Life.Lydia Masseron - 2022 - Philosophy Now 148:66-66.
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  31. Kierkegaard and Socrates.Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation,
  32. Kierkegaard And The Socratic Relationship.Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Houston-Downtown
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  33. Kierkegaard in Socrates and Myself (Outline).Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Houston-Downtown
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  34. Socrates, Philosophy and Ethics - (H.) Berger Couch City. Socrates Against Simonides. Edited by Ward Risvold and J. Benjamin Fuqua with an Introduction by Jill Frank. Pp. X + 184. New York: Fordham University Press, 2021. Cased, Us$55. Isbn: 978-0-8232-9423-7. [REVIEW]Guy Schuh - 2022 - The Classical Review 72 (1):63-65.
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  35. Review of Reading Plato’s Dialogues to Enhance Learning and Inquiry: Exploring Socrates’ Use of Protreptic for Student Engagement, by Mason Marshall. [REVIEW]Kristian Sheeley - 2022 - Ancient Philosophy 42 (1):303-307.
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  36. The Words of Socrates and James Joyce.Donald Phillip Verene - 2022 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 55 (1):60-65.
    ABSTRACT Philosophy joined with rhetoric is a means to speak fully about the human condition. Socrates’s statement concerning the “unexamined life” and Joyce’s manner of “two thinks at a time” are examples of how to approach the human condition. They show us ways we can speak of our humanity and ways that we cannot.
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  37. Did Socrates Know How to See Your Middle Eye?Samuel Allen Alexander & Christopher Yang - 2021 - The Reasoner 15 (4):30-31.
    We describe in our own words a visual phenomenon first described by Gallagher and Tsuchiya in 2020. The key to the phenomenon (as we describe it) is to direct one’s left eye at the image of one's left eye, while simultaneously directing one's right eye at the image of one's right eye. We suggest that one would naturally arrive at this phenomenon if one took a sufficiently literal reading of certain words of Socrates preserved in Plato's Alcibiades. We speculate that (...)
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  38. What Can a Conversation Between Ayn Rand, Socrates, and the Apostle Paul Teach Us About Our Highest Good?Owen Anderson - 2021 - Studia Gilsoniana 10 (5):1089-1106.
    Ayn Rand, through her character Fransisco d’Anconia in Atlas Shrugged, taught that the Apostle Paul is wrong when he says money is a root of all kinds of evil. Instead, she argues that money is perhaps the greatest invention of humanity and is the foundation of civilization. In this article, Dr. Anderson challenges Rand’s understanding of good and evil first by comparing d’Anconia to Thrasymachus and then by considering good and evil in the Biblical Worldview. These connections make it possible (...)
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  39. The (Meta)Politics of Thinking: On Arendt and the Greeks.Jussi Backman - 2021 - In Kristian Larsen & Pål Rykkja Gilbert (eds.), Phenomenological Interpretations of Ancient Philosophy. Brill. pp. 260-282.
    In this chapter, Jussi Backman approaches Hannah Arendt’s readings of ancient philosophy by setting out from her perspective on the intellectual, political, and moral crisis characterizing Western societies in the twentieth century, a crisis to which the rise of totalitarianism bears witness. To Arendt, the political catastrophes haunting the twentieth century have roots in a tradition of political philosophy reaching back to the Greek beginnings of philosophy. Two principal features of Arendt’s exchange with the ancients are highlighted. The first is (...)
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  40. Xenophon's Socrates on Wisdom and Action.Joseph Bjelde - 2021 - Classical Quarterly 71 (2):560-574.
    Xenophon's Socrates, like Plato's, holds that wisdom comes with practical abilities. But influential interpretations of Xenophon's Socrates attribute to him a splintered view of wisdom, on which there is no wisdom simpliciter which is specially connected to all good actions. In this paper, I argue that a crucial text is significantly more problematic for the splintered view than hitherto appreciated, while the texts which are supposed to support the splintered view do not. But Xenophon's Socrates comes apart from Plato's in (...)
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  41. Plato, Xenophon, and the Uneven Temporalities of Ethos in the Trial of Socrates.Collin Bjork - 2021 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 54 (3):240-262.
    ABSTRACT Many rhetorical theories of ethos mark their relationship with time by focusing on two temporal poles: the timely ethos and the timeless ethos. But between these two temporal poles, ethos is also durative; it lingers, shifts, accumulates, and dissipates over time. Although scholarship often foregrounds the kairotic and static senses of ethos popularized in Aristotle's Rhetoric, this article highlights how the chronic elements of ethos are no less important to rhetoric. By examining Xenophon's and Plato's representations of the trial (...)
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  42. Plato, Xenophon, and the Uneven Temporalities of Ethos in the Trial of Socrates.Collin Bjork - 2021 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 35 (3):240-262.
  43. Hannah Arendt e Sócrates sobre a educação: uma proposta de aproximação dos pensamentos para a crise no sistema educacional moderno.Diego Dantas - 2021 - IF-Sophia 22.
    Hannah Arendt é o tipo de filósofa que pode ser chamada de versátil, devido às diferentes áreas sobre as quais ela se debruça, além de reivindicar para si não o título de filósofa, mas de teórica política. Dentro desse percurso, de pensar uma Teoria política, Arendt trata de um dos assuntos mais relevantes em seus escritos e revela sua preocupação em oferecer para o mundo uma geração de novos seres humanos, capazes de pensar de maneira crítica e refrear o mal. (...)
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  44. Teaching sophrosyne: The use of the elenchos by Xenophon’s Socrates.Gabriel Danzig - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The Socratic elenchos in Xenophon's work plays a central role even though it may seem to have a secondary part. The following article aims to work on the xenophontic characterization of the Socratic elenchos, as well as his assessment from the point of view of its educational qualities. In this sense, the socratic elenchos potentialities will be analyzed in three directions: first, the strictly formative dimension; secondly, its role for acting in political affairs; and, finally, his contribution to the acquisition (...)
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  45. Enseñar la sophrosyne: el uso del elenchos del Sócrates de Jenofonte [Traducción de Facundo Bey y Julia Rabanal].Gabriel Danzig, Facundo Bey & Julia Rabanal - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 2021 (31):1-39.
    In contrast to the abundance of discussion of Plato’s portrayal of the Socratic elenchos, relatively little work has been done on the elenchos as it appears in Xenophon. The reason is obvious: Xenophon makes much less use of the elenchus than Plato and what he does offer is not as interesting philosophically. Nevertheless, there are good reasons to look more closely at Xenophon’s portrait. It provides a corrective to the excessively intellectualizing portrait of the elenchus found in Plato’s writings, and (...)
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  46. Socrates’ First City: Pleonexia and the Thought Experiment.Sara Diaco - 2021 - Apeiron 54 (4):473-491.
    The present study provides an analysis of Socrates’ account of the first polis in Republic 2 as a thought experiment and draws attention to the fact that Socrates combines both explanatory and evaluative aspects in his scenario. The paper further shows how the analysis of the city of pigs as a thought experiment can explain the lack of pleonexia by saving both the letter of the text, according to which there are no “pleonectic” desires in the city of pigs, and (...)
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  47. Socrates and his livelihood.Louis-André Dorion - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Known for his poverty, what does Socrates live on? A careful study of the sources reveals that he could satisfy his needs in three different ways: by begging, by the generosity of his friends and by the gifts promised by powerful men. However, regarding these means, the sources are ambivalent: some indicate that Socrates used them, but others that he firmly rejected them in order to preserve his independence.
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  48. Sócrates y sus medios de subsistencia.Louis-André Dorion - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Conocido por su pobreza, ¿de qué vive Sócrates? Un estudio minucioso de las fuentes revela que, para satisfacer sus necesidades, contaba con tres medios: la mendicidad, la generosidad de sus amigos y los regalos prometidos por los poderosos. Ahora bien, en relación con estos medios, las fuentes examinadas son ambivalentes: algunas señalan que Sócrates los usaba; otras, que los rechazaba firmemente para preservar su independencia.
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  49. Muchos Sócrates: Una introducción a las voces del círculo socrático.Rodrigo Illarraga & Milena Lozano Nembrot - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    En este artículo se busca presentar la pluralidad de voces en torno a la figura de Sócrates como problema filosófico. Un universo de críticas y encomios, diálogos constantes que se retroalimentan en respuestas y réplicas que podemos rastrear desde las mismas Acusaciones contra Sócrates de Polícrates y las respuestas de Jenofonte y Platón en sus sendas apologías. Es en esos intersticios en donde podemos reconstruir no solo a la figura de Sócrates, sino a la dinámica de su círculo, un grupo (...)
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  50. Many Socrates: An Introduction to the Voices of the Socratic circle.Rodrigo Illarraga & Milena Lozano Nembrot - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    This paper aims to introduce the plurality of voices that encircle the character of Socrates as a philosophical issue. A universe of criticism and praise, constant dialogues of answers and replicas that we can trace back to Socrates' Accusations against Polycrates and the answers of Xenophon and Plato in their apologies. In these interstices we can reconstruct not only the figure of Socrates, but also the dynamics of his circle an extensive and diverse group marked both by the differences between (...)
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