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  1. added 2020-04-06
    The Philosophical Basis of the Method of Antilogic.Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2019 - Folia Philosophica 42:5-19.
    The paper is devoted to the sophistic method of "two-fold arguments" (antilogic). The traditional understanding of antilogic understood as an expression of agonistic and eristic tendencies of the sophists has been in recent decades, under the influence of G.B. Kerferd, replaced by the understanding of antilogic as an independent argumentative technique, having its own sources, essence, and goals. Following the interpretation of G.B. Kerferd, according to which the foundation of the antilogic is the opposition of two logoi resulting from contradictions (...)
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  2. added 2020-01-31
    Anaxarchus.Tim O'Keefe - 2006 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Overview of the philosophy of this atomist, sophist, and compatriot of Pyrrho.
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  3. added 2019-07-03
    Antiphon : Indifférence de la nature et misère des lois humaines.David Lévystone - 2014 - Phoenix 4 (68):258-290.
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  4. added 2019-06-19
    Untying the Gorgianic ‘Not’: Argumentative Structure in on Not-Being.Evan Rodriguez - 2019 - Classical Quarterly 69 (1):87-106.
    Gorgias’ On Not-Being survives only in two divergent summaries. Diels–Kranz's classic edition prints the better-preserved version that appears in Sextus’ Aduersus Mathematicos. Yet, in recent years there has been rising interest in a second summary that survives as part of the anonymous De Melisso, Xenophane, Gorgia. The text of MXG is more difficult; it contains substantial lacunae that often make it much harder to make grammatical let alone philosophical sense of. As Alexander Mourelatos reports, one manuscript has a scribal note (...)
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  5. added 2019-03-09
    Koncepcja apate u Gorgiasza z Leontinoi (Gorgias' Doctrine of Deception).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2012 - In Iwona Kurz, Paulina Kwiatkowska & Łukasz Zaremba (eds.), Antropologia kultury wizualnej. Zagadnienia i wybór tekstów (Anthropology of visual Culture. Issues and selection of texts). Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. pp. 127-133.
    These are the excerpts from the book "Sztuka a prawda. Problem sztuki w dyskusji między Gorgiaszem a Platonem" concerning Gorgias' theory of apate (deception).
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  6. added 2018-12-31
    Gorgias' First Thesis. An Analysis.Andrzej Nowakowski - 2016 - Diametros 48:71-88.
    The proof of first thesis of Gorgias is an indirect deductive argument constructed by the multiple use of the _modus tollens_ pattern. Those of its premises which are assumed without proofs are misleadingly similar to some logical or analytical truths. If they actually were such truths, some contradictions would have to appear in the proof. In the times of Gorgias the proof could be regarded as correct; the possibility of showing and clearly describing its defects emerged only after formal logic (...)
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  7. added 2018-12-21
    Arystotelesowskie Ujęcie Homonimii.Mikołaj Domaradzki - 2016 - Diametros 50:1-24.
    The purpose of the paper is to discuss Aristotle’s account of homonymy. The major thesis advocated here is that Aristotle considers both entities and words to be homonymous, depending on the object of his criticism. Thus, when he takes issue with Plato, he tends to view homonymy more ontologically, upon which it is entities that become homonymous. When, on the other hand, he gainsays the exegetes or the sophists, he is inclined to perceive homonymy more semantically, upon which it is (...)
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  8. added 2018-04-24
    "Bueno" y "Malo" En El Filoctetes de Sófocles.Aida Míguez Barciela - manuscript
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  9. added 2018-02-05
    "Selbsterforschung" und "Vergegenwärtigung". Zur Problematik religiöser und spiritueller Praxis vor dem Hintergrund der modernen Marktesoterik.Maximilian Runge - 2017 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 64 (1):150-169.
    Contemporary criticism of religion, which itself mainly claims to be secular and “ideologically neutral”, has some difficulties in finding rational argu-ments that actually acknowledge the value of religious worldviews. Instead of reflecting on criteria for constructive and harmful religiosity, most of the current arguments set secular thinking as the mode and therefore seem to derive from “secularistic” ideology (Habermas). This problem intensifies considering the growing attraction of commercial esoteric teachings because “esoteric spirituality” blurs the conceptual distinction between secular spiri-tuality (Metzinger) (...)
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  10. added 2017-11-03
    Truth and Falsehood for Non-Representationalists: Gorgias on the Normativity of Language.Juan Pablo Bermúdez - 2017 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 11 (2):1-21.
    Sophists and rhetoricians like Gorgias are often accused of disregarding truth and rationality: their speeches seem to aim only at effective persuasion, and be constrained by nothing but persuasiveness itself. In his extant texts Gorgias claims that language does not represent external objects or communicate internal states, but merely generates behavioural responses in people. It has been argued that this perspective erodes the possibility of rationally assessing speeches by making persuasiveness the only norm, and persuasive power the only virtue, of (...)
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  11. added 2017-06-24
    Anaxarchus on Indifference, Happiness, and Convention.Tim O'Keefe - forthcoming - In David Wolfsdorf (ed.), Ancient Greek Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Anaxarchus accompanied Pyrrho on Alexander the Great’s expedition to India and was known as “the Happy Man” because of his impassivity and contentment. Our sources on his philosophy are limited and largely consist of anecdotes about his interactions with Pyrrho and Alexander, but they allow us to reconstruct a distinctive ethical position. It overlaps with several disparate ethical traditions but is not merely a hodge-podge; it hangs together as a unified whole. Like Pyrrho, he asserts that things are indifferent in (...)
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  12. added 2017-05-08
    Nature, Man and Logos: An Outline of the Anthropology of the Sophists.Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2016 - Kultura I Edukacja 2 (112):43-52.
    The paper aims at reconstructing the fundamentals of the sophistic anthropology. Contrary to the recognized view of the humanistic shift which took place in the sophistic thought, there is evidence that the sophists were continuously concerned with the problems of philosophy of nature. The difference between the sophists and their Presocratic predecessors was that their criticism of the philosophical tradition and the transformative answers given to the old questions were the basis and the starting point of the " ethical " (...)
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  13. added 2016-03-28
    Metoda "dwu mów" w świetle świadectw przedplatońskich (The method of "dissoi logoi" in Pre-Platonic testimonies).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2012 - Studia Antyczne I Mediewistyczne 10:37-50.
    The method of dissoi logoi in Pre-Platonic testimonies The paper analyzes some references to the method of "dissoi logoi" (which is called by Plato "antilogic") in Pre-Platonic testimonies such as Aristophanes’ The Clouds, fragments of Euripides' Antiope and The Phoenicians, and the anonymous work called "Dialexeis" (Dissoi logoi). The analysis of these Pre-platonic sources results in the following conclusions: (1) The method of dissoi logoi was the universal strategy adopted by the sophists to argue on both sides - for and (...)
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  14. added 2016-03-28
    Koncepcja Logosu W Sofistyce (The Doctrine of Logos in the Sophistic Thought).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2011 - In Dariusz Kubok & Dariusz Olesiński (eds.), Postacie i funkcje logosu w filozofii greckiej. Wydawnictwo Sto. pp. 19-26.
    The paper is concerned with the role of the logos in the sophistic thought. The author argues that the importance of logos is a result of the conviction that according to the Sophists human reality is somehow „created” through words in the process of constant communication and interpretation. This idea inspires the Sophists to research on the particular conditions of the process of persuasion and to analyze the factors which determine the persuasive power of speech. This interest in the power (...)
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  15. added 2016-03-28
    Przyrodnicze podstawy sofistycznej koncepcji człowieka – zarys problematyki (Natural basis of the Sophistic conception of man — an outline).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2009 - In Artur Pacewicz, Anna Olejarczyk & Janusz Jaskóła (eds.), Philosophiae Itinera. Studia i rozprawy ofiarowane Janinie Gajdzie-Krynickiej. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. pp. 323-335.
    Natural basis of the Sophistic conception of man — an outline. Following the tradition of the philosophy of nature, influenced by hippocratic medicine, Sophists claim that human-being is a biological creature, a part of the world of nature, subject to its rules and rights. Convinced that human-being is a composition of physical and spiritual elements and interested in the relation between the two, the Sophists examine the impact of psychological and physical stimuli on human behaviour. They take under scrutiny various (...)
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  16. added 2016-03-28
    Sofistyka a filozofia przyrody (The Sophists and their relation to the Philosophy of Nature).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2005 - In Ryszard Wiśniewski & Włodzimierz Tyburski (eds.), Rozprawy filozoficzne. Księga pamiątkowa w darze Profesorowi Józefowi Pawlakowi. Wydawnictwo UMK. pp. 129-135.
    The paper examines the interest of the Sophists in the problems of the Pre-socratic philosophy of nature.
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  17. added 2016-01-11
    Tonneau percé, tonneau habité - Calliclès et Diogène : les leçons rivales de la nature.Simon-Pierre Chevarie-Cossette - 2015 - Philosophie Antique 15:149-178.
    Comme de nombreux penseurs antiques avant et après eux et contrairement à Socrate, Calliclès et Diogène ont déclaré avoir fondé leur éthique sur l’observation de la nature. Et pourtant, les deux discours normatifs qui sont tirés d’une nature que l’on pourrait a priori croire être la même sont on ne peut plus opposés. Calliclès croit que l’homme est appelé à dominer autrui ; Diogène pense plutôt qu’il doit se dominer lui-même ; le premier est un hédoniste débridé, le second croit (...)
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  18. added 2014-03-23
    Who's Afraid of the Sophists? Against Ethical Correctness.Barbara Cassin & tr Wolfe, Charles T. - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (4):102-120.
    What is sophistics ? What are the genuine reasons of philosophers'hostility, from Plato and Aristotle to Habermas and Badiou ? This text offers a new definition of sophistics as critique of mainstream ontology and a description of the efficiency of such a critical view, through a comprehensive explanation of the primitive scenery between Parmenides'Poem and Gorgias' Treatise of Non-being, and Aristotle's settlement of the principle of non-contradiction in book Gamma of Metaphysics.
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