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  1. The Sophists.Richard D. McKirahan - 2025 - Abington, Oxon: Routledge.
    This book offers a new way of looking at the 5th century BCE Sophists, rejecting the bad reputation they have had since antiquity and presenting them as individuals rather than a "movement", each with his own speciality and personality as revealed through the scant surviving evidence. It provides an account of the Sophists of this period that explains the historical and social developments that led to their prominence and popularity, demonstrating the reasons for their importance and for their seeming disappearance (...)
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  2. Nature and Norms.Richard Bett - 2023 - In Joshua Billings & Christopher Moore (eds.), The Cambridge companion to the Sophists. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
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  3. The Cambridge companion to the Sophists.Joshua Billings & Christopher Moore (eds.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    A comprehensive introduction to the Classical Greek sophists, placing them afresh in their cultural context. These public figures, such as Protagoras and Gorgias, were wide-ranging experts before discipline-specialization, and represent the flourishing of linguistic, historical, and philosophical reflection in the time of Socrates.
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  4. Reflexões metadialéticas sobre o élenkhos na Apologia de Sócrates e no Górgias, de Platão.Frederico Krepe da Silva - 2023 - Revista Ética E Filosofia Política 2 (25):110-139.
    Platão, em seus diálogos de juventude, apresenta Sócrates recorrendo a uma prática de perguntas e respostas direcionada aos seus interlocutores que visa o teste das pretensões de conhecimento e de sabedoria dos membros da pólis. Essa prática é a refutação socrática, frequentemente associada ao termo grego élenkhos e seus cognatos. Embora se utilize dessa prática de forma frequente, nenhum diálogo a trata como elemento central. Entretanto, podemos encontrar comentários de Platão ao longo de sua obra que nos remetem essa reflexão (...)
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  5. Acerca de culpabilidad y la posibilidad de reproche para una teoría de la culpabilidad en el Gorgias de Platón.Jonathan Ubal Ebert - 2023 - Metanoia 8 (1):74-91.
    El objetivo del presente trabajo es dar cuenta de la posibilidad de establecer una noción de culpabilidad y de reproche en relación al sujeto que actúa injustamente, mediante un análisis de la responsabilidad y castigo en el ámbito moral en el Gorgias de Platón. Para abordar este tratamiento, se profundizará en el intelectualismo moral socrático, según el cual los seres humanos no hacen lo que quieren, sino lo que consideran correcto. De esta manera, se dará tratamiento a cómo la influencia (...)
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  6. What's the Deal with Sophists? Critical Thought and Humor in Ancient Philosophy and Contemporary Comedy.Jeremy Fogel - 2023 - The Philosophy of Humor Yearbook 4 (1):187-216.
    While committed to the argumentative and reasoned discourse recognizable in the work of contemporary professional philosophers, the actual practice that both Socrates and Diogenes routinely engaged in was in many ways more similar to stand-up and other forms of contemporary performative comedy. This paper analyzes the commonalities between Socrates’s and Diogenes's public philosophizing in Ancient Greece and performative comedy in the contemporary world, and emphasizes the subversive rhetorical efficiency and skeptical significance of public irony for their audiences. The paper begins (...)
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  7. Uma reavaliação do papel de Hípias de Élis como fonte protodoxográfica.Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2023 - Dissertation, Federal University of Minas Gerais
  8. Logical Oddities in Protagorean Relativism.Evan Keeling - 2023 - Rhizomata 10 (2):215-237.
    This paper discusses two broadly logical issues related to Protagoras’ measure doctrine (M) and the self-refutation argument (SRA). First, I argue that the relevant interpretation of (M) has it that every individual human being determines all her own truths, including the truth of (M) itself. I then turn to what I take to be the most important move in the SRA: that Protagoras recognises not only that his opponents disagree with him about the truth of (M), but also that they (...)
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  9. Du sophiste au plaideur : l’appropriation platonicienne de la rhétorique dans le Gorgias.Nicolas Le Merrer - 2023 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 64 (1):5-37.
    Centré sur le Gorgias de Platon, cet article vise à montrer que la critique platonicienne de la rhétorique ne s’élabore pas sur la base d’une hostilité de principe à l’égard du rhéteur, mais se développe au contraire à partir du discours rhétorique lui-même. Nous analysons d’abord les difficultés de l’analogie posant la rhétorique comme un simulacre de la justice : cette analogie révèle en fait la façon dont Gorgias cherche à manifester la singularité et la valeur de son enseignement. Nous (...)
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  10. Sophia before the Sophists.Kathryn Morgan - 2023 - In Joshua Billings & Christopher Moore (eds.), The Cambridge companion to the Sophists. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
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  11. The Sophists and Antilogic.Robin Reames - 2023 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (1):1-9.
    This paper examines the sophistic practice of antilogikê or antilogic, which consists in, as G. B. Kerferd described, “causing the same thing to be seen by the same people now as possessing one predicate and now as possessing the opposite or contradictory predicate.” Although, since Plato, antilogic has been cast in a cloud of suspicion, understood primarily as the dubious practice of making the weaker argument stronger, I explore a contrary interpretation that antilogic was a technique for pursuing the suspension (...)
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  12. Greti Dinkova-Bruun, Julia Haig Gaisser, and James Hankins, eds., Catalogus translationum et commentariorum: Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Translations and Commentaries. Annotated Lists and Guides. Vol. 13, Ancient Greek Sophists, Publius Papinius Statius. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2020. Pp. xxxv, 364. $95. ISBN: 978-0-8884-4953-5. [REVIEW]Frank Coulson - 2022 - Speculum 97 (4):1182-1183.
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  13. "Hippias, Heraclitus, and Socrates: Unity of Opposites in the Hippias Major.".Sean Driscoll - 2022 - Illinois Classical Studies 47 (2):333-358.
    This paper investigates the hypothesis that Heraclitus was a formative influence on the Hippias Major. Specifically, it establishes connections between the dialogue's presentation of "the fine" (τὸ καλόν) and Heraclitus's "unity of opposites" idea. It argues that the fine is characterized by specifically Heraclitean oppositions, and it concludes that this makes a difference for the reading of certain passages in the dialogue and for philosophical conclusions regarding the fine.
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  14. A retórica platônica no diálogo Górgias.George Gomes Ferreira - 2022 - Revista Ética E Filosofia Política 2 (25):55-86.
    A presente pesquisa busca refletir, a partir do Górgias de Platão, sobre a controversa estratégia que Sócrates utiliza para desqualificar a retórica sofista, definida por ele como uma falsa tékhne no âmbito da justiça. Surpreende neste diálogo a intensa carga dramática aplicada por Platão nas refutações de Sócrates contra as convicções de Górgias, Polo e Cálicles, combinando recursos retóricos, a fim de levá-los à contradição e, assim, “vencer” o debate. O uso da makrologia, da crítica ad hominem, de uma terminologia (...)
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  15. Aristotle and Protagoras against Socrates on Courage and Experience.Marta Jimenez - 2022 - In Claudia Marsico (ed.), Socrates and the Socratic Philosophies: Selected Papers from Socratica IV. Baden-Baden: Academia Verlag. pp. 361-376.
  16. ΦΙΛΟΣΟΦΗΣΑΝΤΕΣ ΕΝ ΔΟΞΗΙ ΤΟΥ ΣΟΦΙΣΤΕΥΣΑΙ: An Enigmatic Depiction of the Second Sophistic in Philostratus and Eunapius’ Lives of the Sophists or What is Indeed the Mentioned Sophistic?Ranko Kozić - 2022 - Athens Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):51-70.
    On the basis of evidence obtained by unravelling enigmas in Philostratus and Eunapius’ Lives of the Sophists and lifting the veil of mystery surrounding some of the crucial, sophistic-related passages from Isocrates and Dio Chrysostom’s writings, we were able to arrive to a conclusion that, contrary to all expectations, the Second Sophistic is closely connected not so much with rhetoric as with philosophy itself, no matter what the so-called sophists say of the phenomenon in their attempts to disguise the essence (...)
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  17. O Movimento Sofista E a Formação Do Homem Político.Humberto do Vale Amorim - 2021 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal Fluminense
  18. Sophistic views of the epic past from the classical to the imperial age.Paola Bassino & Nicolò Benzi (eds.) - 2021 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    This collection of essays sheds new light on the relationship between two of the main drivers of intellectual discourse in ancient Greece: the epic tradition and the Sophists. The contributors show how throughout antiquity the epic tradition proved a flexible instrument to navigate new political, cultural, and philosophical contexts. The Sophists, both in the Classical and the Imperial age, continuously reconfigured the value of epic poetry according to the circumstances: using epic myths allowed the Sophists to present themselves as the (...)
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  19. Hermeneutics of Aristotle and Hermeneutics of Sophists in Terms of Dialogue Philosophy. Part II. From Sophists to Modernity.Ilya Dvorkin - 2021 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):103-120.
    The article considers the logical and philosophical doctrine of sophists, which, according to some modern researchers, was more philosophical than their ancient critics recognized. A comparison of the provisions of Aristotle's hermeneutics with preserved fragments of Protagoras and Gorgias shows that the doctrine of sophists was a kind of holistic philosophy, which anticipated the philosophy of dialogue of the XX century. Despite the fact that the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle tried to overcome the relativism and anti-ontologism of the doctrine (...)
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  20. Leggere i Sofisti: le diverse anime di una rivoluzione filosofica.Francesca Eustacchi - 2021 - Brescia: Scholé.
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  21. Pensamento trágico e filosofia da educação: a contribuição dos sofistas para a educação contemporânea.Graziano Aparecido da Costa Freitas - 2021 - Dissertation, University of Sao Paulo
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  22. Dialectic as Socratic Elenchus in Platos Gorgias. The Sophists Paradox on the Teaching of Political Virtue.George Ch Koumakis - 2021 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 65:211-235.
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  23. Lecture du Protagoras de Platon.Thomas Morvan - 2021 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
  24. Lasst uns über Rhetorik sprechen! Plutarchs Stellung innerhalb einer langen, ideologisch belasteten bildungsgeschichtlichen Tradition.Theofanis Tsiampokalos - 2021 - Philologia Classica 2 (16):207-221.
    The question of Plutarch’s attitude towards rhetoric has occupied several scholars since the 19th century. The traditional view is that it is rather negative. Although Plutarch acknowledges some value in rhetoric as a means of persuasion in politics, he nevertheless attributes the dominant role to ethos. As it will be shown below, however, this picture is only partially justified after a closer examination of the relevant texts in their historical-cultural context. In the present study, Plutarch’s remarks on rhetoric are considered (...)
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  25. The Sophists.Taylor C. C. W. & Mi-Kyoung Lee - 2020 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  26. Hermeneutics of Aristotle and Hermeneutics of Sophists in Terms of Dialogue Philosophy. Part 1.Ilya Dvorkin - 2020 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):480-501.
    The article considers the logical and philosophical doctrine of sophists, which, according to some modern researchers, was more philosophical than their ancient critics recognized. A comparison of the provisions of Aristotle's hermeneutics with preserved fragments of Protagoras and Gorgias shows that the doctrine of sophists was a kind of holistic philosophy, which anticipated the philosophy of dialogue of the XX century. Despite the fact that the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle tried to overcome the relativism and anti-ontologism of the doctrine (...)
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  27. Sofística e Retórica no Górgias de Platão.Daniel R. N. Lopes - 2020 - Araucaria 22 (44):303-324.
    This essay aims at elucidating the distinction between sophistry and rhetoric in Plato’s Gorgias starting from Socrates’ enigmatic contention that “sophists and rhetors are mixed up in the same area and about the same thing, since they are so close to each other” (465c4-5; Irwin’s translation). To this end I will discuss, firstly, the genealogy of the Greek words sophistikē and rhētorikē in the remaining Greek literature, attempting to show that the modern notions of “sophistry” and “rhetoric” in a broad (...)
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  28. Anaxarchus on Indifference, Happiness, and Convention.Tim O'Keefe - 2020 - In Wolfsdorf David (ed.), Ancient Greek Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 680-699.
    Anaxarchus accompanied Pyrrho on Alexander the Great’s expedition to India and was known as “the Happy Man” because of his impassivity and contentment. Our sources on his philosophy are limited and largely consist of anecdotes about his interactions with Pyrrho and Alexander, but they allow us to reconstruct a distinctive ethical position. It overlaps with several disparate ethical traditions but is not merely a hodge-podge; it hangs together as a unified whole. Like Pyrrho, he asserts that things are indifferent in (...)
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  29. The Philosophical Basis of the method of antilogic.Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2019 - Folia Philosophica 42:5-19.
    The paper is devoted to the sophistic method of "two-fold arguments" (antilogic). The traditional understanding of antilogic understood as an expression of agonistic and eristic tendencies of the sophists has been in recent decades, under the influence of G.B. Kerferd, replaced by the understanding of antilogic as an independent argumentative technique, having its own sources, essence, and goals. Following the interpretation of G.B. Kerferd, according to which the foundation of the antilogic is the opposition of two logoi resulting from contradictions (...)
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  30. A relação entre corpo e alma no Górgias em Platão.Nerivan Pereira de Oliveira Júnior - 2019 - Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 10 (20):30-35.
    A pesquisa teve como objetivo explicitar duas importantes obras de Platão, Fédon e Górgias, no primeiro Platão buscará distinguir a natureza do corpo e da alma, sendo que o corpo pertence à natureza sensível estando sujeito a mudanças e sendo f onte das paixões e apetites do homem. Enquanto que a alma pertence à natureza do mundo inteligível, sendo imutável e onde o logos reside e se pode conhecer as coisas em si, ou seja, as essências das coisas. Platão também (...)
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  31. Presocratics and Papyrological Tradition: A Philosophical Reappraisal of the Sources. Proceedings of the International Workshop Held at the University of Trier.Christian Vassallo (ed.) - 2019 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    The papyri transmit a part of the testimonia relevant to pre-Socratic philosophy. The ʼCorpus dei Papiri Filosofici‛ takes this material only partly into account. In this volume, a team of specialists discusses some of the most important papyrological texts that are major instruments for reconstructing pre-Socratic philosophy and doxography. Furthermore, these texts help to increase our knowledge of how pre-Socratic thought – through contributions to physics, cosmology, ethics, ontology, theology, anthropology, hermeneutics, and aesthetics – paved the way for the canonic (...)
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  32. Die Sophisten: ihr politisches Denken in antiker und zeitgenössischer Gestalt.Barbara Zehnpfennig (ed.) - 2019 - Baden-Baden: Nomos.
    Die Sophisten waren und sind umstritten. In der Zeit des Perikles, der Hochblüte der griechischen Kultur, als Wanderlehrer in Griechenland tätig, bewirkten sie mit ihrer Lehrtätigkeit, welche die verschiedensten Wissensgebiete umfasste, einen grundlegenden Blickwandel: Ihre Befassung mit Erkenntnistheorie, Rhetorik und Politik lenkte den Blick vom Kosmos zurück auf den Menschen. Indem sie den Menschen in den Mittelpunkt ihres Denkens stellten, ja ihn sogar zum Maß aller Dinge erklärten, wendeten sie sich zugleich gegen die traditionelle Sittlichkeit, die in der Regel religiös (...)
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  33. πέφυκεν πλεονεκτεῖν? Plato and the Sophists on Greed and Savage Humanity.Chloe Balla - 2018 - Polis 35 (1):83-101.
    Fifth-century authors often invoke the idea that human beings are by nature savage, and that the civilized state of human societies is imposed on them by law and custom. A possible consequence of this idea is a pessimistic anthropological account, according to which pleonexia or greed is a natural characteristic of human beings, and therefore a justified drive of human behaviour. Scholars often attribute this pessimistic account of human nature to the sophists, whose views are considered to be reflected in (...)
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  34. Eveno di Paro fra Protagora, Gorgia e Platone.Andrea Capra - 2018 - Méthexis 30 (1):25-35.
    Evenus of Parus plays a surprisingly important role in Plato’s account of the life and death of Socrates: in both the Apology and the Phaedo he works as a negative foil for the philosopher at two key moments, namely when he converts, respectively, to the practice of elenchus and to the composition of poetry. Evenus’ importance in Socrates’ life, I argue, reflects Plato’s appropriation of a number of his poems, which Plato reshapes so as to adapt the sophist’s relativism and (...)
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  35. Da diferença essencial entre sofística e filosofia: o espanto como determinação do filosofar.Erick Costa - 2018 - In Alice Haddad (ed.), Poder, persuasão e produção de verdade : a ação dos sofistas. Nau. pp. 65-80.
  36. Mathematical self-ignorance and sophistry: Theodorus and Protagoras.Andy German - 2018 - In James M. Ambury & Andy R. German (eds.), Knowledge and Ignorance of Self in Platonic Philosophy. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  37. Prodicus on the Rise of Civilization: Religion, Agriculture, and Culture Heroes.Stavros Kouloumentas - 2018 - Philosophie Antique 18:127-152.
    Prodicus gained a reputation for formulating a novel theory concerning the origins of religious belief, sometimes labelled as atheistic in antiquity, notably by the Epicureans. He suggests that humans initially regarded as gods whatever was useful for their survival such as fruits and rivers, and in a more advanced stage they deified culture heroes such as Demeter and Dionysus. I first suggest that Prodicus’ theory can be connected with other doctrines attributed to him, especially the speech concerning “Heracles’ choice” and (...)
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  38. Dissoi logoi, Edizione criticamente rivista, introduzione, traduzione, commento.Stefano Maso - 2018 - Roma RM, Italia: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura.
    I Dissoi Logoi sono presentati in un nuova edizione criticamente rivista, accompagnata da introduzione e commento linguistico e storico-filosofico. Inoltre, il tentativo di definire che cosa siano i Dissoi Logoi e di collocarli all'interno di un quadro di sviluppo storico filosofico affidabile è davvero arduo, poiché oggettivamente poggia su una serie di variabili che purtroppo sono interdipendenti. Nulla da cui partire appare con sicurezza assodato, se si esclude il fatto che lo scritto è anonimo, che è in dialetto dorico e (...)
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  39. Thrasymachus’ Unerring Skill and the Arguments of Republic 1.Tamer Nawar - 2018 - Phronesis 63 (4):359-391.
    In defending the view that justice is the advantage of the stronger, Thrasymachus puzzlingly claims that rulers never err and that any practitioner of a skill or expertise (τέχνη) is infallible. In what follows, Socrates offers a number of arguments directed against Thrasymachus’ views concerning the nature of skill, ruling, and justice. Commentators typically take a dim view of both Thrasymachus’ claims about skill (which are dismissed as an ungrounded and purely ad hoc response to Socrates’ initial criticisms) and Socrates’ (...)
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  40. Epistemology in the Sophists.Noburu Notomi - 2018 - In Nicholas D. Smith (ed.), The philosophy of knowledge: a history. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
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  41. A szofisták életrajzai. Philostratus - 2018 - Budapest: ELTE Eötvös József Collegium. Edited by Tamás Mészáros & Tibor Szepessy.
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  42. The Oxford handbook of the Second Sophistic.William A. Johnson (ed.) - 2017 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The study of the Second Sophistic is a relative newcomer to the Anglophone field of classics, and much of what characterizes it temporally and culturally remains a matter of legitimate contestation. This Handbook offers a diversity of scholarly voices that attempt to define the state of this developing field. Included are chapters that offer practical guidance on the wide range of valuable textual materials that survive, many of which are useful or even core to inquiries of particularly current interest (e.g., (...)
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  43. "Selbsterforschung" und "Vergegenwärtigung". Zur Problematik religiöser und spiritueller Praxis vor dem Hintergrund der modernen Marktesoterik.Maximilian Runge-Segelhorst - 2017 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 64 (1):150-169.
    Contemporary criticism of religion, which itself mainly claims to be secular and “ideologically neutral”, has some difficulties in finding rational argu-ments that actually acknowledge the value of religious worldviews. Instead of reflecting on criteria for constructive and harmful religiosity, most of the current arguments set secular thinking as the mode and therefore seem to derive from “secularistic” ideology (Habermas). This problem intensifies considering the growing attraction of commercial esoteric teachings because “esoteric spirituality” blurs the conceptual distinction between secular spiri-tuality (Metzinger) (...)
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  44. The Wandering Hero of the Hippias Minor: Socrates on Virtue and Craft.Ravi Sharma & Russell E. Jones - 2017 - Classical Philology 112:113-37.
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  45. Sophisten in Hellenismus und Kaiserzeit: Orte, Methoden und Personen der Bildungsvermittlung.Beatrice Wyss, Rainer Hirsch-Luipold & Solmeng-Jonas Hirschi (eds.) - 2017 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Der Forschung gelaufig ist die Rede von einer ersten (5./4. Jh. v. Chr.) und der sog. Zweiten Sophistik (2. Jh. n. Chr). Aber auch die Literatur des Hellenismus und der fruhen Kaiserzeit kennt zahlreiche Sophisten. Der Sophist, verstanden als (schlechter) Lehrer und Redner, Gegenspieler des Philosophen oder Vertreter der griechischen Bildung, bildet deshalb den Dreh-und Angelpunkt der Beitrage, die Schlaglichter auf Orte, Methoden und Personen der Bildungsvermittlung werfen. Die Beitrage zeigen, wie pagane und judische Denker, Platoniker und Stoiker Bildung als (...)
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  46. By the sophists to Aristotle through Plato.Elisabetta Cattanei, Maurizio Migliori & Arianna Fermani (eds.) - 2016 - Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.
    There is a substantial difference between our way of "philosophizing", born out of Descartes' clear and well-defined thinking and bent on building alternative (aut-aut) models, and the classical (especially Platonic-Aristotelian) way where a constant use of technical and methodical pluralism serves to juxtapose different (et-et) schemes necessary to grasp an intrinsically one-manifold reality. The ancient Philosophers bring a great wealth of schemes into play, albeit in different forms. This is to say that one could also come across statements that are (...)
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  47. Greek imperial rhetors and sophists. P. janiszewski, K. stebnicka, E. szabat prosopography of greek rhetors and sophists of the Roman empire. Pp. XX + 450. Oxford: Oxford university press, 2015. Cased, £100, us$275. Isbn: 978-0-19-871340-1. [REVIEW]William Guast - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (1):74-76.
  48. Verliert die Philosophie ihren Erzrivalen? Ein Blick auf den aktuellen Stand der Sophistikforschung.Lars Leeten - 2016 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 41 (1):77-104.
    This literature review describes the current state of research on the Greek sophists. It draws on recent work on the beginnings of rhetoric, overviews of sophistic thought and case studies on Protagoras, Gorgias, Antiphon and Prodicus. It is shown that the traditional notion of a sophistic antithesis to philosophy has lost further ground: While earlier »rehabilitations« of sophistic thought still use the dichotomous distinction of philosophy und sophistic, now any generic talk of »the sophist« should better be regarded as misleading.
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  49. Nature, Man and Logos: an outline of the anthropology of the sophists.Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2016 - Kultura I Edukacja 2 (112):43-52.
    The paper aims at reconstructing the fundamentals of the sophistic anthropology. Contrary to the recognized view of the humanistic shift which took place in the sophistic thought, there is evidence that the sophists were continuously concerned with the problems of philosophy of nature. The difference between the sophists and their Presocratic predecessors was that their criticism of the philosophical tradition and the transformative answers given to the old questions were the basis and the starting point of the " ethical " (...)
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  50. Aelius Aristides' Sacred Tales: A Study of the Creation of the "Narrative about Asclepius".Aldo Tagliabue - 2016 - Classical Antiquity 35 (1):126-146.
    Aelius Aristides' Sacred Tales is a complex literary text, and its first book—the diary—puzzles scholars, as it has no parallel in the entire work. This paper offers a justification for this section by arguing for a deliberate contrast between the diary and Books 2–6 of the Sacred Tales, as a result of which the latter section is crafted as a narrative about Asclepius. I will first identify a large series of shifts in the ST : starting with Book 2, change (...)
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