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  1. Emociones, ofensa y registro sociolingüístico: el caso de los “usos distantes” de los términos discriminatorios.Justina Diaz Legaspe & Robert Stainton - 2020 - Critica 51 (153):3-29.
    Existe un tipo particular de usos de términos discriminatorios en el que las emociones negativas típicamente asociadas a él no se hallan de hecho presentes. Aun así, lo incorrecto o inadecuado sigue resonando en esos usos. Este tipo de ``uso distante'' resulta interesante per se, en cuanto fenómeno conversacional rara vez advertido. Sin embargo, también presta apoyo a una aproximación a los términos discriminatorios basada en el concepto sociolingüístico de ``registro'', de la cual se sigue esta relación entre emociones e (...)
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  2. What is a Slur?Justina Diaz-Legaspe - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (5):1399-1422.
    Although there seems to be an agreement on what slurs are, many authors diverge when it comes to classify some words as such. Hence, many debates would benefit from a technical definition of this term that would allow scholars to clearly distinguish what counts as a slur and what not. Although the paper offers different definitions of the term in order to allow the reader to choose her favorite, I claim that ‘slurs’ is the name given to a grammatical category, (...)
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  3. Семантико-стилістичне наповнення компонентів-атрактантів лексичних новотворів І. Павлюка.Halyna Maksymchuk - 2017 - Language: Classic – Modern – Postmodern 3:86-93.
    У статті проаналізовано місце паронімічної атракції в словотворчій практиці І. Павлюка. Наголошено на стилістичних особливостях функціювання новотворів-атрактантів. На основі лексико-стилістичного аналізу засвідчено розширення меж сполучуваності неологізмів-атрактантів та узуальних слів до паронімічних гнізд. Із застосуванням методу компонентного аналізу описано семантику складних слів, утворених за допомогою компонентів-атрактантів.
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  4. The Ontology of Words: A Structural Approach.Ryan M. Nefdt - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (8):877-911.
    ABSTRACTWords form a fundamental basis for our understanding of linguistic practice. However, the precise ontology of words has eluded many philosophers and linguists. A persistent difficulty for most accounts of words is the type-token distinction [Bromberger, S. 1989. “Types and Tokens in Linguistics.” In Reflections on Chomsky, edited by A. George, 58–90. Basil Blackwell; Kaplan, D. 1990. “Words.” Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume LXIV: 93–119]. In this paper, I present a novel account of words which differs from the atomistic and platonistic (...)
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  5. What is Fake News?Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2018 - Versus 2 (127):207-227.
    Recently, the term «fake news» has become ubiquitous in political and public discourse and the media. Despite its omnipresence, however, it is anything but clear what fake news is. An adequate and comprehensive definition of fake news is called for. We take steps towards this goal by providing a systematic account of fake news that makes the phenomenon tangible, rehabilitates the use of the term, and helps us to set fake news apart from related phenomena. (You can email us for (...)
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  6. Focus on Numbers.Jefferson Barlew - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (4):401-426.
    This paper contributes to the debate over the so-called “easy argument for numbers”, an argument that uses evidence from natural language to support the metaphysically significant claim that numbers exist. It presents novel data showing that critical examples in the literature are ambiguous between two readings, contrary to previous assumptions. It then accounts for these data using independently motivated linguistic theory. The account developed rescues the easy argument from the primary challenges leveled against it in the literature and sets the (...)
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  7. Number Word Constructions, Degree Semantics and the Metaphysics of Degrees.Brendan Balcerak Jackson & Doris Penka - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (4):347-372.
    A central question for ontology is the question of whether numbers really exist. But it seems easy to answer this question in the affirmative. The truth of a sentence like ‘Seven students came to the party’ can be established simply by looking around at the party and counting students. A trivial paraphrase of is ‘The number of students who came to the party is seven’. But appears to entail the existence of a number, and so it seems that we must (...)
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  8. Eventive Versus Stative Causation: The Case of German Causal von -Modifiers.Johanna Herdtfelder & Claudia Maienborn - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (3):279-320.
    Causation is generally conceived of as a relation that holds between events. Apart from a few cursory remarks, the case of stative causation has been widely neglected. The paper aims at contributing to a more balanced perspective by arguing for a stative variant of causation, on a par with eventive causation. The stative variant is analyzed in terms of Moltmann’s ontological notion of tropes. German causal von-modifiers are taken as a linguistic window into our understanding of causation. The study of (...)
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  9. Dopo Nietzsche. [REVIEW]P. H. R. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (1):119-121.
    Colli is best known for his co-editorship, with Mazzino Montinari, of the vast and most thorough edition of Nietzsche's complete works, published simultaneously in Italy, France, and Germany. His own publications include: Filosofia e Espressione, La Nascita della Filosofa, and La Sapienza Greca. Not long before his death in 1979, his last and most personal volume appeared--Dopo Nietzsche--a singular document which testifies to a life-long involvement with the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche.
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  10. Modal Verbs and the Grading of Obligations.John E. Guendling - 1974 - Modern Schoolman 51 (2):117-138.
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  11. Does Naming and Necessity Refute Descriptivism?Josep Macià - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (3):445-476.
    In Naming and Necessity Saul Kripke offers a number of arguments in order to show that no descriptivist theory of proper names is correct. We present here a certain version of descriptivist theory -we will characterize it as an individual-use reference-fixing descriptivist theory that appeals to descriptions regarding how a name is used by other speakers. This kind of theory can successfully answer all the objections Kripke puts forward in Naming and Necessity. Such sort of descriptivist theory is furthermore compatible (...)
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  12. Time and Development in Kripke’s “Naming and Necessity”.Niko Strobach - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (3):503-517.
    In this article, I want to focus on time and development in Kripke’s “Naming and Necessity” by considering two topics: the evolution of scientific knowledge; the evolution of biographies. In connection with I suggest the introduction of a sentence operator for epistemic possibility and argue that some of Kripke’s strong metaphysical statements are finely counterbalanced by rather “Popperian” epistemological considerations. In connection with I consider the idea of exploiting necessity of origin for a crossworld identity criterion.
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  13. The Semantic Ingredients of Imperfectivity in Progressives, Habituals, and Counterfactuals.Marcelo Ferreira - 2016 - Natural Language Semantics 24 (4):353-397.
    This paper develops a unified analysis for the meaning of imperfective aspect that covers progressives, habituals, and counterfactuals, aiming at an understanding of two crosslinguistically frequent syncretisms: one between progressives and habituals, and one between habituals and counterfactuals. I first discuss progressive and habitual readings in detail, identifying mereological, temporal, and modal ingredients in both interpretations. My claim is that the temporal and modal ingredients are the same, and I propose to differentiate these readings in terms of verbal plurality: progressives (...)
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  14. An Elucidation of the Adverbial Phrase N Mt N Ś.tAn Elucidation of the Adverbial Phrase N Mt N S.T.H. F. Lutz - 1923 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 43:330.
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  15. I–R.M. Sainsbury.R. M. Sainsbury - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):243-269.
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  16. Non-Singular Descriptions of Dislocation Cores: A Hybridab Initiocontinuum Approach.S. Banerjee, N. Ghoniem, G. Lu & N. Kioussis - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (27):4131-4150.
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  17. Modified Numerals and Maximality.Brian Buccola & Benjamin Spector - 2016 - Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (3):151-199.
    In this article, we describe and attempt to solve a puzzle arising from the interpretation of modified numerals like less than five and between two and five. The puzzle is this: such modified numerals seem to mean different things depending on whether they combine with distributive or non-distributive predicates. When they combine with distributive predicates, they intuitively impose a kind of upper bound, whereas when they combine with non-distributive predicates, they do not. We propose and explore in detail four solutions (...)
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  18. Now the French Are Invading England!K. Romdenh-Romluc - 2002 - Analysis 62 (1):34-41.
  19. Variable Binding Term Operators.John Corcoran, William Hatcher & John Herring - 1972 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 18 (12):177-182.
    Chapin reviewed this 1972 ZEITSCHRIFT paper that proves the completeness theorem for the logic of variable-binding-term operators created by Corcoran and his student John Herring in the 1971 LOGIQUE ET ANALYSE paper in which the theorem was conjectured. This leveraging proof extends completeness of ordinary first-order logic to the extension with vbtos. Newton da Costa independently proved the same theorem about the same time using a Henkin-type proof. This 1972 paper builds on the 1971 “Notes on a Semantic Analysis of (...)
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  20. Sarcastic ‘Like’: A Case Study in the Interface of Syntax and Semantics.Elisabeth Camp & John Hawthorne - 2008 - Philosophical Perspectives 22 (1):1-21.
    The expression ‘Like’ has a wide variety of uses among English and American speakers. It may describe preference, as in (1) She likes mint chip ice cream. It may be used as a vehicle of comparison, as in (2) Trieste is like Minsk on steroids.
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  21. Things, Predicates and Relations.G. F. Stout - 1940 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 18 (2):117-130.
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  22. Donkey Pluralities: Plural Information States Versus Non-Atomic Individuals.Adrian Brasoveanu - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):129-209.
    The paper argues that two distinct and independent notions of plurality are involved in natural language anaphora and quantification: plural reference (the usual non-atomic individuals) and plural discourse reference, i.e., reference to a quantificational dependency between sets of objects (e.g., atomic/non-atomic individuals) that is established and subsequently elaborated upon in discourse. Following van den Berg (PhD dissertation, University of Amsterdam, 1996), plural discourse reference is modeled as plural information states (i.e., as sets of variable assignments) in a new dynamic system (...)
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  23. Recensione E. Alloa, M. Fischer (a cura di), Leib und Sprache. Zur Reflexivität verkörperter Ausdrucksformen. [REVIEW]Erika Benini - 2015 - La Cultura: Rivista di filosofia, letteratura, storia:144-148.
  24. On the Concept of a Token Generator.Takashi Iida - 2013 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 21:37-55.
    There is a widely shared account of the distinction between types and tokens, which might be termed the standard account. However, it has some surprising consequences that are not always realized. According to the standard account, a type is a contingent abstract object that can be created by us, but it does not allow any change and can never be destroyed once it is created, because it is an abstract object. I would like to present an alternative account of types (...)
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  25. Proper Names: Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives.Mark Textor & Dolf Rami - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (2):191-194.
    Proper names play an important role in our understanding of linguistic ‘aboutness’ or reference. For instance, the name-bearer relation is a good candidate for the paradigm of the reference relation: it provides us with our initial grip on this relation and controls our thinking about it. For this and other reasons proper names have been at the center of philosophical attention. However, proper names are as controversial as they are conceptually fundamental. Since Kripke’s seminal lectures Naming and Necessity the controversy (...)
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  26. Which Events is the World Made Of?S. Franchi - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (2):250-252.
    Open peer commentary on the article “What Can the Global Observer Know?” by Diana Gasparyan. Upshot: While I agree with Gasparyan’s incisive critique of the concept of the “general observer,” her use of the concept of “event” is somewhat ambiguous. On the one hand, she equates “events” to Wittgenstein’s and “configurations of objects” or “states of affairs” and she consider the world as a collection of such states of affairs. On the other hand, she cites Badiou’s work in support of (...)
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  27. On the Semantics of Comparison Across Categories.Alexis Wellwood - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (1):67-101.
    This paper explores the hypothesis that all comparative sentences— nominal, verbal, and adjectival—contain instances of a single morpheme that compositionally introduces degrees. This morpheme, sometimes pronounced much, semantically contributes a structure-preserving map from entities, events, or states, to their measures along various dimensions. A major goal of the paper is to argue that the differences in dimensionality observed across domains are a consequence of what is measured, as opposed to which expression introduces the measurement. The resulting theory has a number (...)
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  28. Diagnostic : différends ? Ciel !Jean-Jacques Pinto - 2014 - Ouvertures 2 (octobre 2014):05-40.
    (English then french abstract) -/- This article, which can be read by non-psychoanalysts, intends to browse in four stages through the issue offered to our thinking : two (odd-numbered) stages analyzing the argument that provides its context, and two (even-numbered) of propositions presenting our views on what could be the content of the analytic discourse in the coming years. After this introduction, a first reading will point by point but informally review the argument of J.-P. Journet by showing that each (...)
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  29. 1. The Use of ‘I’ Sentences.Wolfgang Carl - 2014 - In The First-Person Point of View. De Gruyter. pp. 27-54.
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  30. The Language Parallax Linguistic Relativism and Poetic Indeterminacy.Paul Friedrich - 1986
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  31. The Logical Form of Imperatives.Brian Farrell Chellas - 1969 - Dissertation, Stanford University
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  32. Reference and the Problem of Non-Existent Referents.Ken Tohinaka - 1976 - Dissertation, Temple University
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  33. On Referring Vs. On Denoting.M. Nuzzetti - 2005 - Metalogicon 2:97-113.
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  34. Û As An Old Plural Ending Of The Hebrew Noun.M. Seidel - 1917 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 37:165-167.
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  35. Nouns of the Badaga Language.S. Agesthialingom - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):276-279.
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  36. Instantial Reasoning, Arbitrary Objects, and Holey Propositions.James Hintze Hardy - 1998 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    Instantial reasoning uses facts about an arbitrary or undetermined instance as a basis for drawing general conclusions. For example, a typical procedure for proving a general fact is to prove the fact for an `arbitrary' instance and then generalize from that instance. This method dates back at least to Euclid's Elements and continues to be a common and essential method of reasoning today. ;Instantial reasoning employs terms that, though syntactically singular, display both singular and general semantic characteristics. Consequently, standard semantic (...)
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  37. Harmonisation Sans Subordination?Vittorio Mathieu - 1983 - Epistemologia 6:45.
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  38. Semantic, Pragmatic and Syntactic Correlates an Analysis of Performative Verbs Based on English Data.John Geoffrey Partridge - 1982
  39. A Pronominal Analysis of Proper Names.Joan Cole Straumanis - 1974 - Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
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  40. On the Expressive Power of Game Sentences.Juha Oikkonen - 1982 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 11 (1-2):40-45.
    Roman Suszko introduced a broad class of languages into the litera- ture of logic. In honour of L. Wittgenstein Suszko named these languages W-languages. Syntax, semantics and consequence operations in these lan- guages are based on the famous ontological principle: whatever exists is either a situation, or an object, or a function. The distinguishing property of W-languages is that they contain: sentential and nominal variables, an identity connective and an identity predicate. The intended interpretation of W-languages is such that: sentential (...)
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  41. Proper Proper Names.Bjørn Jespersen & Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 6 (2):4-153.
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  42. Person Vs. Pigeonmonger: The Variable of Counteraction.Mary Anne Siderits - 1974 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 23:188-197.
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  43. Readings on Logic. [REVIEW]E. J. A. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):823-823.
    A selection of readings on the philosophy of logic, intended for use in introductory logic courses. Areas covered are: the nature of logic, the syllogism, the laws of thought, symbolic logic, and induction. The selections are well diversified and, for the most part, substantial.—A. E. J.
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  44. Conditions for Description. [REVIEW]L. M. T. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):589-590.
    The author--a Danish philosopher influenced by Moore, the later Wittgenstein, and C. I. Lewis--lays bare three fundamental rules of "informal logic" implicit in any description of empirical reality. They are: psychological expressions cannot be applied independently of the personal pronouns, personal pronouns cannot be applied independently of names of ordinary things, and names of ordinary things cannot be applied independently of words expressing possibility of action. A number of important consequences are drawn: in particular, that certain traditional philosophical problems--such as (...)
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  45. What Refers? How?Alexander Barber - 2011 - In Ken Turner (ed.), Making semantics pragmatic. Brill. pp. 49–80.
    “Guns don’t kill people, people kill people.” This National Rifle Association slogan has a popular analogue in the philosophy of language: words don’t refer to things, people refer to things. This paper looks at how the question of what refers intersects with the phenomenon of opacity. The discussion is used to motivate an important revision to standard intention-based accounts of speaker reference, one that takes due account of the fact that distinct words can have the same referent.
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  46. A Semiotic Classification of Proper Names.Jeffrey R. DiLeo - 1988 - Semiotics:143-149.
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  47. On Reference.Andrea Bianchi (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Most of the times we open our mouth to communicate, we talk about things. This can happen because the linguistic expressions we use have semantic properties that connect them to extra-linguistic entities. Thanks to these properties, they may be used by us to refer to things. Or, as we may also say, they themselves refer to things, though in certain cases they do so only relative to a context of use. But how can we characterize the semantic properties in question? (...)
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  48. Tarski Quantificational Semantics and Meinongian Object Theory Domains.Dale Jacquette - 1994 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 75 (2):88-107.
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  49. Spilling the Beans on Childrens Comprehension and Production of Idioms.C. Cacciari & M. C. Levorato - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):498-498.
  50. Noun Phrases, Quantifiers, and Generic Names, EJ LOWE Frege and Russell Have Taught Us That Indefinite and Plural Noun Phrases in Natural Language Often Function as Quantifier Expressions Rather Than as Referring Expressions, Despite Possessing Many Syntactical Simi-Larities with Names. But It Can Be Shown That in Some of Their Most Im.Catherine Jl Talmage & Mark Mercer - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (257).
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