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Summary Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813-1855) is generally considered to be the father of existentialism. Kierkegaard’s father, a wealthy retired merchant, was a Pietist and hence encouraged his sons Peter Christian and Søren Aabye to study theology at the University of Copenhagen. Kierkegaard received the degree of Magister Artium in 1840, though by that time his interest has shifted from theology to philosophy. He had hoped to receive an academic position in philosophy, but those hopes were never realized. He was closely tied, however, to academic circles, and was, in fact, one of the leading intellectuals of what has come to be known as the Danish “Golden Age.” Kierkegaard was primarily a polemical writer whose works were often responses to the works of contemporaries such at Hans Lassen Martensen and Johann Ludvig Heiberg. He wrote on a broad range of topics from aesthetics to psychology and employed a variety of literary styles from the novel (e.g. Repetition) to more traditional academic treatises (e.g., The Concept of Anxiety). His mature interest was in delineating the relation between Christianity and philosophy with an emphasis on precisely what was involved both cognitively and practically in being Christian. Kierkegaard is thought by many to have coined the expression “leap of faith.” In fact, this expression comes from Lessing and is used by Kierkegaard only ironically.
Key works The two works most central to Kierkegaard’s thought are Philosophical Crumbs (Kierkegaard & Mooney 2009) and the Concluding Unscientific Postscript to the Philosophical Crumbs (Kierkegaard 2009), though his most famous work is undoubtedly Fear and Trembling (Kierkegaard 1986). Philosophical Crumbs introduces the distinction between what Kierkegaard’s pseudonym Johannes Climacus presents as the traditional philosophical account of the relation of the individual to the truth and the account of this relation given by Christianity. The Postscript looks in detail about what it means to become a Christian. Approximately half of Kierkegaard’s works, including those just mentioned, were published under pseudonyms. Among the works published under Kierkegaard’s own name, the most important are arguably Works of Love (Kierkegaard 1998), and Training in Christianity (Kierkegaard 2004).
Introductions Introductory articles: Michelle Kosch, "Kierkegaard" (Kosch 2015) and Piety, "Kierkegaard on Rationality" (Piety 1993). Book length introductory works: C. Stephen Evans’s Kierkegaard: An Introduction (Evans 2009); Alastair Hannay’s Kierkegaard (Hannay 1982); Gregor Malantschuk’s The Controversial Kierkegaard (Malantschuk 1980), and David F. Swenson’s Something About Kierkegaard (Swenson 1945).
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  1. The Problem of Despair: A Kierkegaardian Reading of the Book of Job.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    The Book of Job is often read as the Bible's response to theodicy's 'problem of evil.' As a resolution to the logical difficulties of this problem, however, it is singularly unsatisfying. Job's ethical protest against God is never addressed at the level of the ethical. But suggested in Job's final encounter with God is the possibility of a spiritual resolution beyond the ethical. In this paper I examine the Book of Job as a response to the spiritual problem of despair; (...)
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  2. Faith and Sacrifice in Fear and Trembling.Neelesh Pratap - manuscript
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  3. Bakhtin and the Kierkegaardian Revolution.Sergeiy Sandler - manuscript
    Søren Kierkegaard’s influence on the thought of Mikhail Bakhtin has received relatively little attention from Bakhtin scholars (and hardly any attention from Bakhtin scholars in the English-speaking world). Yet, as I argue in this paper, Kierkegaard was among the most important formative influences on Bakhtin's work. This influence is most evident in Bakhtin's early ethical philosophy, but remains highly relevant in later periods. Reading Bakhtin as a follower and developer of Kierkegaard's fundamental philosophical insights provides us with a key to (...)
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  4. The Concept of ‘Subject’ in Søren Kierkegaard’s Philosophy.Türker Armaner - unknown - Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 2.
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  5. Irony as a Post-Romantic Possibility for Art: Kierkegaard's Reply to Hegel.James Crooks - unknown - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 3.
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  6. Kierkegaard and the Ground of Morality.Alison Assiter - forthcoming - Acta Kierkegaardiana.
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  7. Communal Recognition and Human Flourishing: A Kierkegaardian Account.Dylan S. Bailey - forthcoming - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology:1-15.
    Recent debates over the role of recognition by the community for one’s development and flourishing generally discuss community in a univocal sense: the way that recognition functions in particular communities is not fundamentally different from the way it functions in the larger community. They also tend to logically prioritize a fundamental human identity over particular religious, ethnic, or societal identities, which are understood to be secondary to, and derivative of, this basic identity. In his depiction of how communal recognition contributes (...)
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  8. Kierkegaard on Divine Grace, Human Agency, and Love.Lee C. Barrett - forthcoming - Studies in Christian Ethics:095394682211075.
    Kierkegaard's writings contain seemingly divergent pictures of the relation of God's grace and human works. The differences are evident in the ways that he portrays the connection of human beings’ natural loving capacities to God's gracious enabling of love. What is the relation of human affiliative dispositions, such as attachment to family and friends, to the more extraordinary forms of Christian love, such as loving strangers, enemies, and God? Kierkegaard sometimes stressed the continuity of natural loves and God's grace and (...)
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  9. Marrying a Married Man: A Postscript.Monique Borgerhoff Mulder - forthcoming - Human Nature: A Critical Reader.
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  10. Kierkegaard on Self, Ethics, and Religion: Purity or Despair. [REVIEW]Charles Duke - forthcoming - Journal for Continental Philosophy of Religion.
  11. Søren Kierkegaard: Theologian of the Gospel. [REVIEW]Charles Duke - forthcoming - Religious Studies and Theology.
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  12. Using the Medicine of Grace: Kierkegaard Reads Hugh of Saint Victor on Sanctification.Joshua Furnal - forthcoming - Studies in Christian Ethics:095394682211075.
    In this article, I argue that Søren Kierkegaard's prefatory editorial remark in Practice in Christianity about resorting to and making use of grace has a medieval inheritance, which stems from his reading of Hugh of St Victor. Rather than grounding Kierkegaard's remark exclusively within the Lutheran tradition, I suggest that the medieval inheritance of the relationship between operative and cooperative grace contributed to a theological development in Kierkegaard's view of sanctification. Moreover, Kierkegaard's journal entries prior to the publication of Practice (...)
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  13. Ambiguous and Deeply Differentiated: Kierkegaard's Relations to Hegel1.Ame Gren - forthcoming - Kierkegaardiana.
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  14. The Philosophy of Science in Either-Or.Hans Halvorson - forthcoming - In Ryan Kemp & Walter Wietzke (eds.), Cambridge Critical Guide to Either-Or. Cambridge University Press.
    Kierkegaard's Either-Or is a book about the choice between aesthetic, ethical, and religious approaches to life. I show that Either-Or also contains a proposal for philosophy of science, and in particular, about the ideal epistemic state for human beings. Whereas the Cartesian tradition conceived of the ideal state as one of detached deliberation -- i.e. "seeing the world as it is in itself" -- Kierkegaard envisions the ideal state as the achievement of equilibrium between the "spectator" and "actor" aspects of (...)
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  15. Paradigmatic Despair and the Quest for a Kierkegaard Anthropology.Alasdair Hannay - forthcoming - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 1:149-163.
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  16. 'No One Was As Great As Abraham': Exemplarity and the Failure of Hermeneutical Refiguration in Fear and Trembling.Jared Highlen - forthcoming - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook.
    This paper puts forward a new interpretation of the “Exordium” and “Eulogy for Abraham” sections in Fear and Trembling that reads them in tension, as mutually incompatible approaches to the biblical narrative of Abraham. I argue this tension is productive insofar as it reveals and critiques the failure of each section to respond to Abraham as a religious exemplar of faith. Drawing on the work of Paul Ricoeur, I argue that this failure consists in the absence of the hermeneutical moment (...)
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  17. Imagination, Mental Representation, and Moral Agency: Moral Pointers in Kierkegaard and Ricoeur.Wojciech Kaftanski - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    This article engages the considerations of imagination in Kierkegaard and Ricoeur to argue for a moral dimension of the imagination and its objects. Imaginary objects are taken to be mental representations in images and narratives of people or courses of action that are not real in the sense that they are not actual, or have not yet happened. Three claims are made in the article. First, by drawing on the category of possibility, a conceptual distinction is established between imagination and (...)
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  18. What It Means to Be Immortal: Afterlife and Aesthetic Communication in Kierkegaard's Concluding Unscientific Postscript.Lasse Horne Kjældgaard - forthcoming - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook.
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  19. Kant's and Kierkegaard's Conception of Ethics' In.Ulrich‘Der Kantianismus Kierkegaard’S. Knappe - forthcoming - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook.
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  20. Either Kierkegaard/Or Nietzsche: Moral Philosophy in a New Key [Book Review].J. Lippitt - forthcoming - Ars Disputandi: The Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion.
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  21. Indirect Communication by Kierkegaard.Poul Lübcke - forthcoming - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica.
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  22. The Quiet Lake and the Hidden Spring: Locating the Ground in Kierkegaard's Works of Love.G. P. Marcar - forthcoming - Studies in Christian Ethics:095394682110593.
    At the end of the prayer with which he begins Works of Love, Søren Kierkegaard notes that while ‘works of love’ might normally be viewed as a subset of worthwhile human endeavours or ‘works’, from heaven's perspective no work can be pleasing unless it is a work of love. From this arises the question—which Kierkegaard himself moves swiftly to address—of what distinguishes a work of ‘love’ from other, non-loving works? In this article, and with particular reference to Jacob Boehme, I (...)
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  23. JR Dúvida Antiga E Dúvida Moderna Segundo Kierkegaard.Maia Neto - forthcoming - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia.
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  24. Michael Weston, Kierkegaard and Modern Continental Philosophy.J. Ree - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
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  25. 'Peter Fenves,Chatter': Language and History in Kierkegaard.J. Ree - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
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  26. Soren Kierkegaard Newsletter No. 19.Aar Kierkegaard Seminar - forthcoming - Philosophy.
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  27. Form and Faith in Sheridan Hough's "Kierkegaard's Dancing Tax Collector". [REVIEW]Susanna Siegel - forthcoming - Syndicate Philosophy.
    I argue that in Sheridan Hough's book Kierkegaard's Dancing Tax Collector, the distinctive and novelistic literary form is not a playful, whimsical, or otherwise contingent feature, but a structure that's needed to convey the account of Kierkegaardian faith as practical in nature.
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  28. Kierkegaard, Løgstrup and the Conditions of Love: From God's Grace to Life as a Gift.Robert Stern - forthcoming - Studies in Christian Ethics:095394682211075.
    In this article, I consider how pride and anxiety can prevent us from loving the neighbour, and how Søren Kierkegaard and K.E. Løgstrup offer two different ways in which these obstacles might be overcome. For Kierkegaard, this is made possible if we stand in the right relation to God, while for Løgstrup it is made possible if we understand life as a gift. The differences and respective merits of both approaches are explored, and in particular whether Løgstrup's approach can claim (...)
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  29. Soren Kierkegaard Literature 2002-2004 A Bibliography.Julia Watkin, Aage Jorgensen & Noel Stewart Adams - forthcoming - Kierkegaardiana.
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  30. Reason and Conversion in Kierkegaard and the German Idealists.Dan Watts - forthcoming - Tandf: British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-5.
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  31. Kant and Kierkegaard on Faith.Marc Williams - forthcoming - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España].
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  32. Kierkegaard‘s Philosophical Fragments.Irfan Ajvazi - 2022 - Tesla Books 1 (Kierkegaard philosophy):10.
    Kierkegaard, like Plato, though using different methods and conclusions, sought to ground knowledge in the ineffability of subjectivity. For Plato, knowledge comes subjectively (internally); for Kierkegaard, it comes by God's grace through faith. Socrates becomes the facilitator for the slave in the /Meno/, as does God for the man of faith. Again, Kierkegaard is also concerned with passion. "...the paradox is the passion of thought, and the thinker without the paradox is like the lover without passion; a mediocre fellow" (p. (...)
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  33. Historical Dictionary of Kierkegaard's Philosophy.Christopher B. Barnett - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Historical Dictionary of Kierkegaard's Philosophy, Second Edition chronicles the life and thoughts of the great Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard. What makes this volume essential is its extensive scope: it provides a glossary of concepts, persons, and places related to Kierkegaard’s authorship, from “Absolute” to “Hans Christian Ørsted.”.
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  34. A Kierkegaardian Anti-Luck Epistemology.Tim Black - 2022 - Acta Analytica 37 (1):85-97.
    We can address the issue of epistemic luck, the possibility that the world interferes with the activity of believing so as to keep that activity from achieving its aim, by rethinking the aim of that activity. So, if we give up truth, for example, as the aim of belief, and if we embrace a different aim—the aim of believing as my ideal self would have me believe—we can eliminate the possibility of luck and leave the world no room to interfere (...)
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  35. Two Ships Passing in the Night? A Historical Analysis of Nietzsche’s Inauspicious ‘Non-Engagement’ with the Writings of Kierkegaard with Respect to Truth.Dallas Callaway - 2022 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 29 (1):1-22.
    Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche were two seminal 19th century thinkers, each of whom presented dramatically different theological and philosophical conceptions of Christianity and truth. Prior historical investigations into the relationship between these two individuals have problematised what was once a truism in Nietzsche studies whereby the younger Nietzsche was considered to have nil knowledge of the older Kierkegaard insofar as the former did not read the latter’s writings. Focusing on the topic of truth, this study canvasses the historical literature (...)
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  36. Three Forms of Philosophical Theatre in Kierkegaard’s Journals and Notebooks.Stuart Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 48 (1):86-127.
    I argue that Kierkegaard’s Journals and Notebooks deserve to be read as works of philosophy and not just used as supplements to bring order and respectability to Kierkegaard’s other writings. There are at least three specific philosophical values in Kierkegaard’s journals – three ways in which the journals create philosophy within their own pages and therefore deserve to be read as independent works of philosophy and not just as supplements to Kierkegaard’s other writing: The journals demonstrate what a true work (...)
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  37. Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, Bruce H. Kirmmse, Joel D. S. Rasmussen, Vanessa Rumble, and David D. Possen, (Eds.), "Kierkegaard’s Journals and Notebooks Volume 11: Part 2, Loose Papers, 1843-1855.". [REVIEW]Stuart Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy in Review 42 (1):7-12.
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  38. Moving Forward: The Existential Motion of the Self in Kierkegaard's Pseudonymous Works.Joshua Avery Dawson - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (1):35-48.
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  39. La experiencia religiosa en la filosofía de Søren Kierkegaard.José Luis Espericueta - 2022 - Pensamiento. Revista de Investigación E Información Filosófica 77 (296):809-817.
    Este trabajo tiene por finalidad distinguir el fenómeno de la experiencia religiosa en el contexto de la filosofía de Søren Kierkegaard. Para ello se repasará la estructura del pensamiento kierkegaardiano y se analizará cómo su marco teórico hace de la experiencia religiosa un fenómeno altamente perturbador para aquella persona que lo vive. Se observará que este fenómeno, bajo las coordenadas teóricas del danés, se convierte en un suceso sumamente problemático en la medida en que se contrapone necesariamente a lo considerado (...)
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  40. Kierkegaard on Self, Ethics, and Religion: Purity or Despair.Roe Fremstedal - 2022 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Many of Søren Kierkegaard's most controversial and influential ideas are more relevant than ever to contemporary debates on ethics, philosophy of religion and selfhood. Kierkegaard develops an original argument according to which wholeheartedness requires both moral and religious commitment. In this book, Roe Fremstedal provides a compelling reconstruction of how Kierkegaard develops wholeheartedness in the context of his views on moral psychology, meta-ethics and the ethics of religious belief. He shows that Kierkegaard's influential account of despair, selfhood, ethics and religion (...)
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  41. Perichoresis as a Hermeneutical Key to Ontology: Social Constructionism, Kierkegaard, and Trinitarian Theology.Gregory Scott Gorsuch - 2022 - Perichoresis 20 (4):51-101.
    If humans are created in the image of a trinitarian God, then we might consider that the fundamental ontology of humans would be relational, furthermore to some degree perichoretic. If perichoresis is somehow reflected in human relations, perichoresis should be evident analogically in our social relations, theology, and various disciplines of thought. This relational concept of the Church Fathers failed to be further developed because the concept of the Trinity fell from theological focus over the centuries. Today subtle but radical (...)
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  42. Kierkegaard's the Sickness Unto Death: A Critical Guide.Jeffrey Hanson & Sharon Krishek (eds.) - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Sickness unto Death is commonly regarded as one of Kierkegaard's most important works – but also as one of his most difficult texts to understand. It is a meditation on Christian existentialist themes including sin, despair, religious faith and its redemptive power, and the relation and difference between physical and spiritual death. This volume of new essays guides readers through the philosophical and theological significance of the work, while clarifying the complicated ideas that Kierkegaard develops. Some of the essays (...)
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  43. Reason and Conversion in Kierkegaard and the German Idealists. [REVIEW]Steven Hoeltzel - 2022 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    In this book’s first half, Ryan S. Kemp and Christopher Iacovetti argue that the history of post-Kantian idealism “can be productively read as a sustained attempt to explain how radical value transformation occurs” —and thus as a sustained attempt to solve a problem posed by Kant’s inconclusive ruminations, in Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, regarding the nature and possibility of radical moral conversion. The book’s second half then recounts Kierkegaard’s contribution to this debate—a debate which Kemp and Iacovetti (...)
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  44. Deleuze, Kierkegaard and the Ethics of Selfhood.Andrew M. Jampol-Petzinger - 2022 - Edinburgh University Press.
  45. Doing All Things for God's Glory, Acting so That It is God Who Acts: Kierkegaard, Edwards, and the Problem of Total Devotion.Daniel M. Johnson - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):197-216.
    This article accomplishes two things. First, it explores and defends Kierkegaard's distinctive solution to the Problem of Total Devotion, a problem which has been helpfully identified by Robert Adams. Second, it extends that solution by advancing an interpretation of the command to do all things to the glory of God according to which we are being commanded to intentionally make every one of our actions such that it simultaneously counts as a divine action: in other words, to act intentionally in (...)
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  46. Kierkegaard On Descartes: Doubt as a Prefiguration of Existential Despair.Tomasz Kupś - 2022 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 70 (2):23-34.
    In his early, unfinished essay entitled Johannes Climacus, or De omnibus dubitandum est, Søren Kierkegaard enters into a polemic with Hegel’s interpretation of the methodic Cartesian doubt. Kierkegaard questions the philosophical absolutism of Cartesian scepticism and his methodological universalism. For the first time in Kierkegaard’s writings, the sphere of speculation is confronted with personal involvement. Kierkegaard never published this work, and did not make any direct reference to Descartes in the same form ever again. However, certain subjects and themes remained: (...)
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  47. Kierkegaard in Socrates and Myself (Outline).Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Houston-Downtown
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  48. Kierkegaard And The Socratic Relationship.Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Houston-Downtown
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  49. Love’s Forgiveness: Kierkegaard, Resentment, Humility, and Hope by JohnLippitt (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020), Xvi + 236 Pp. [REVIEW]Thomas J. Millay - 2022 - Modern Theology 38 (3):673-676.
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  50. Kierkegaard’s Theology of Encounter: An Edifying and Polemical Life. By David Lappano. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. Vi, 264. £77.00. [REVIEW]Matthew T. Nowachek - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (1):140-141.
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