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Summary Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813-1855) is generally considered to be the father of existentialism. Kierkegaard’s father, a wealthy retired merchant, was a Pietist and hence encouraged his sons Peter Christian and Søren Aabye to study theology at the University of Copenhagen. Kierkegaard received the degree of Magister Artium in 1840, though by that time his interest has shifted from theology to philosophy. He had hoped to receive an academic position in philosophy, but those hopes were never realized. He was closely tied, however, to academic circles, and was, in fact, one of the leading intellectuals of what has come to be known as the Danish “Golden Age.” Kierkegaard was primarily a polemical writer whose works were often responses to the works of contemporaries such at Hans Lassen Martensen and Johann Ludvig Heiberg. He wrote on a broad range of topics from aesthetics to psychology and employed a variety of literary styles from the novel (e.g. Repetition) to more traditional academic treatises (e.g., The Concept of Anxiety). His mature interest was in delineating the relation between Christianity and philosophy with an emphasis on precisely what was involved both cognitively and practically in being Christian. Kierkegaard is thought by many to have coined the expression “leap of faith.” In fact, this expression comes from Lessing and is used by Kierkegaard only ironically.
Key works The two works most central to Kierkegaard’s thought are Philosophical Crumbs (Kierkegaard & Mooney 2009) and the Concluding Unscientific Postscript to the Philosophical Crumbs (Kierkegaard 2009), though his most famous work is undoubtedly Fear and Trembling (Kierkegaard 1986). Philosophical Crumbs introduces the distinction between what Kierkegaard’s pseudonym Johannes Climacus presents as the traditional philosophical account of the relation of the individual to the truth and the account of this relation given by Christianity. The Postscript looks in detail about what it means to become a Christian. Approximately half of Kierkegaard’s works, including those just mentioned, were published under pseudonyms. Among the works published under Kierkegaard’s own name, the most important are arguably Works of Love (Kierkegaard 1998), and Training in Christianity (Kierkegaard 2004).
Introductions Introductory articles: Michelle Kosch, "Kierkegaard" (Kosch 2015) and Piety, "Kierkegaard on Rationality" (Piety 1993). Book length introductory works: C. Stephen Evans’s Kierkegaard: An Introduction (Evans 2009); Alastair Hannay’s Kierkegaard (Hannay 1982); Gregor Malantschuk’s The Controversial Kierkegaard (Malantschuk 1980), and David F. Swenson’s Something About Kierkegaard (Swenson 1945).
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  1. added 2018-12-31
    Angústia Como Possibilidade De Subjetividade Segundo Kierkegaard.Cleyton Francisco Oliveira Araújo - 2016 - Dissertation, Unioeste, Brazil
  2. added 2018-12-27
    Kierkegaard and Binswanger on Faith's Relation to Love: A Response to Schrijvers.Megan Fritts - 2018 - Syndicate.
    In Joeri Schrijvers’ (2016) book, Between Faith and Belief, Schrijvers discusses various answers to a deceptively simple and yet complex question: what can be said for religious faith “at the end of metaphysics”? Although Schrijvers engages a variety of thinkers in the elaboration of his thesis, he takes particular interest in Ludwig Binswanger, a Swiss existential psychologist, whose contemporaries include Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, and Martin Buber. Although Schrijvers does not discuss it in his manuscript, it is important to note (...)
  3. added 2018-12-18
    Illegible Salvation: The Authority of Language in The Concept of Anxiety.Sarah Horton - 2018 - In Joseph Westfall (ed.), Authorship and Authority in Kierkegaard’s Writings. London, UK: pp. 121-137.
    This essay examines the analysis of language in The Concept of Anxiety and argues that language ultimately reveals itself as both dangerous and salvific. The pseudonymous author, Vigilius Haufniensis, is suspicious of language, for it divides the individual from herself and thereby makes possible the self-forgetfulness of objective chatter. Indeed, this warning (which commenters have tended to follow uncritically) is a legitimate one – yet it fails to grasp that by rendering the self other than itself, language constitutes the self. (...)
  4. added 2018-11-28
    Selfhood and Relationality.Jacqueline Mariña - 2017 - In Joel Rasmussen, Judith Wolfe & Johannes Zachhuber (eds.), Oxford Handbook for Nineteenth Century Christian Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 127-142.
    Nineteenth century Christian thought about self and relationality was stamped by the reception of Kant’s groundbreaking revision to the Cartesian cogito. For René Descartes (1596-1650), the self is a thinking thing (res cogitans), a simple substance retaining its unity and identity over time. For Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), on the other hand, consciousness is not a substance but an ongoing activity having a double constitution, or two moments: first, the original activity of consciousness, what Kant would call original apperception, and second, (...)
  5. added 2018-10-22
    Kierkegaard On Escaping the Cult of Busyness.Karl Aho & C. Stephen Evans - 2018 - Institute of Art and Ideas.
    A 2016 article in the Journal of Consumer Research argues that busyness has become a status symbol. In earlier societies, such as the 19th century Thorstein Veblen describes in his Theory of the Leisure Class, the wealthy conspicuously avoided work. They saw idleness as an ideal. By contrast, contemporary Americans praise being overworked. They see busy individuals as possessing rare and desirable characteristics, such as competence and ambition. -/- To respond philosophically to our new overworked overlords and status icons, we (...)
  6. added 2018-10-08
    Communication of Existence: Søren Kierkegaard and Gabriel Marcel.Jörg Disse - 2018 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 23 (1):311-328.
    The article compares Kierkegaard’s and Marcel’s comprehension of existence and communication of existence. With reference to the notion of existence, both authors (independently from each other) develop the idea of a second reflection that includes a theory of communication. But whereas Kierkegaard conceives communication strictly within a first person perspective, Marcel establishes a kind of second person perspective. For this reason and despite a strong common basis in their views, different aspects of communication of existence are put forward by them.
  7. added 2018-08-05
    Laws, Exceptions, Norms: Kierkegaard, Schmitt, and Benjamin on the Exception.Rebecca Gould - 2013 - Télos 2013 (162):77-96.
    The concept of the exception has heavily shaped modern political theory. In modernity, Kierkegaard was one of the first philosophers to propound the exception as a facilitator of metaphysical transcendence. Merging Kierkegaard’s metaphysical exception with early modern political theorist Jean Bodin’s theory of sovereignty, Carl Schmitt introduced sovereignty to metaphysics. He thereby made an early modern concept usable in a post-metaphysical world. This essay carries Schmitt’s appropriation one step further. Drawing on Walter Benjamin’s replacement of transcendental metaphysics with contingent creaturehood, (...)
  8. added 2018-07-27
    Humour, éthique et communication indirecte: Réflexions à partir de S. Kierkegaard.Daniel Schulthess - 2014 - Studia Philosophica 73:119-131.
    The authors begins with the observation that jokes can have a different moral import: some may even be edifying. Is humor therefore to be integrated into an overall moral perspective? One of the leading philosophers of the 19th century, S. Kierkegaard, pleaded for such an integration. The best way to understand why he took such a stand is to articulate the edifying jokes - or rather the humor that underlies them - in terms of Kierkegaard's notion of indirect communication. However, (...)
  9. added 2018-07-27
    Kierkegaard et le comique.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Kierkegaard, notre contemporain paradoxal,. Beyrouth: Editions de la Faculté des Lettres de l'Université Saint-Joseph. pp. 29-41.
    The article deals with Kierkegaard's conception of the comic and the role it plays in his thought. The background against which the issue must be tackled is Kierkegaard's critique of modernity: according to Kierkegaard, modernity is characterized by its objectifying tendencies, to which we must oppose the rediscovery of interiority. These two registers correspond to two different linguistic regimes: objectivity to direct communication, interiority to indirect communication. The latter can express itself in the form of the incongruity that grounds the (...)
  10. added 2018-06-26
    Review of Kierkegaard and the Staging of Desire: Rhetoric and Performance in a Theology of Eros. By Carl S. Hughes. [REVIEW]Martijn Boven - 2015 - Literature and Theology 29:469–472.
    In Kierkegaard and the Staging of Desire: Rhetoric and Performance in a Theology of Eros Carl S. Hughes develops an original approach to Søren Kierkegaard’s religious writings. As is well known, Kierkegaard published these religious writings under his own name. Some interpreters take this to mean that he no longer relies on the poetics of indirect communication that underlies his pseudonymous works. According to them, the religious writings finally formulate Kierkegaard’s true views in a direct and unambiguous way. Others have (...)
  11. added 2018-06-23
    A Theater of Ideas: Performance and Performativity in Kierkegaard’s Repetition.Martijn Boven - 2018 - In Eric Jozef Ziolkowski (ed.), Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts. Evanston, IL, USA: pp. 115-130.
    In this essay, I argue that Søren Kierkegaard’s oeuvre can be seen as a theater of ideas. This argument is developed in three steps. First, I will briefly introduce a theoretical framework for addressing the theatrical dimension of Kierkegaard’s works. This framework is based on a distinction between“performative writing strategies” and “categories of performativity.” As a second step, I will focus on Repetition: A Venture in Experimenting Psychology, by Constantin Constantius, one of the best examples of Kierkegaard’s innovative way of (...)
  12. added 2018-06-23
    Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts.Eric Jozef Ziolkowski (ed.) - 2018 - Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University press.
    Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts is a collection of fourteen essays that illuminate the broad and often underappreciated variety of the nineteenth-century Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard’s engagements with literature and the arts. -/- These essays, contextualized with an insightful introduction by Eric Ziolkowski, explore Kierkegaard’s relationship to literature (poetry, prose, and storytelling), the performing arts (theater, music, opera, and dance), and the visual arts and film. The collection is rounded out with a final comparative section that considers Kierkegaard in juxtaposition (...)
  13. added 2018-06-23
    John Lippitt, Kierkegaard and the Problem of Self-Love. [REVIEW]Michael McFall - 2014 - Reviews in Religion and Theology 21.
  14. added 2018-06-06
    Kierkegaard and Lonergan on the Prospect of Cognitional-Existential Integration.Paul St Amour - unknown - Lonergan Workshop 18:1-62.
  15. added 2018-06-06
    Words of Love.Charles Creegan - unknown
    Kierkegaard has consistently been a key figure in discussions of the relation between Christian and secular worldviews. The particular question of the Christian worldview is one of the central facets of his "project," which already presupposes the existence (in Denmark!) of two different ways of seeing the world, "Christianity" and "Christendom.".
  16. added 2018-06-06
    Contemporaneity and Communion: Kierkegaard on the Personal Presence of Christ.Joshua Cockayne - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (1):41-62.
    Søren Kierkegaard’s claim that having faith requires being contemporary with Christ is one of the most important, yet difficult to interpret claims across his entire authorship. How can one be contemporary with a figure who existed more than two millennia ago? A prominent answer to this question is that contemporaneity with Christ is achieved through a kind of imaginative co-presence made possible by reading Scripture. However, I argue, this ignores what Kierkegaard thinks about Christ as a living agent, and not (...)
  17. added 2018-06-06
    The Naked Self: Kierkegaard and Personal Identity. [REVIEW]Joshua Cockayne - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (2):422-425.
  18. added 2018-06-06
    Søren Kierkegaard: Subjectivity, Irony, and the Crisis of Modernity. [REVIEW]Joshua Cockayne - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (4):844-847.
  19. added 2018-06-06
    The Naked Self: Kierkegaard and Personal Identity by Patrick Stokes.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):685-686.
    The Naked Self is a great book. It is good Kierkegaard scholarship and an excellent model of bringing history of philosophy to bear on contemporary metaphysics. After a stage-setting introduction, the book has eight main chapters and a conclusion including questions and answers from an imagined interlocutor. Stokes takes the reader from how “Kierkegaard’s phenomenology of self-experience may… be a useful resource for neo-Lockean metaphysics” to a sustained defense that “Kierkegaard himself is playing a different, and altogether more interesting, game”.Stokes’s (...)
  20. added 2018-06-06
    Struggling with God: Kierkegaard and the Temptation of Spiritual Trial.Joshua Cockayne - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (2):388-390.
  21. added 2018-06-06
    1843.Joakim Garff - 2013 - In Soren Kierkegaard: A Biography. Princeton University Press. pp. 214-265.
  22. added 2018-06-06
    Happy Birthday to Kierkegaard! The Work of Celebrating the Coming Into Existence of One Who Is Dead.Mark Cauchi - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (7):1-14.
  23. added 2018-06-06
    1855.Joakim Garff - 2013 - In Soren Kierkegaard: A Biography. Princeton University Press. pp. 740-814.
  24. added 2018-06-06
    A construção da educação como cuidado de si em Kierkegaard.Carlos Alberto Medino da Rocha - 2012 - Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 3 (6):79-84.
    O presente trabalho procura refletir sobre o processo de construção da educação como uma “educação da interioridade” que parte de uma concepção do cuidado de si, a partir do viés do pensamento filosófico do dinamarquês Sören Kierkegaard. Num primeiro momento, aponto paro o seu conceito de existencialismo, que versa a construção de um indivíduo singular, voltado para sua existência individual; e, num segundo momento, apresento, ainda, que de forma breve, a relação entre o mestre e o discípulo marcada na obra (...)
  25. added 2018-06-06
    Kierkegaard on Faith and Love.James Giles - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (5):1004-1008.
  26. added 2018-06-06
    Living in the Light of Religious Ideals.Clare Carlisle - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:245-255.
    As a ‘poet of the religious’, Søren Kierkegaard sets before his reader a constellation of spiritual ideals, exquisitely painted with words and images that evoke their luminous beauty. Among these poetic icons are ideals of purity of heart; love of the neighbour; radiant self-transparency; truthfulness to oneself, to another person, or to God. Such ideals are what the ‘restless heart’ desires, and in invoking them Kierkegaard refuses to compromise on their purity – while insisting also that they are impossible to (...)
  27. added 2018-06-06
    Kierkegaard's Donations to the Library of the Scandinavian Society in Rome.Niels W. Bruun & Finn Gredal Jensen - 2009 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2009 (1):601-610.
  28. added 2018-06-06
    '... Doorzoekt Die Ijvrig En Bestendig': Christendom En Natuurwetenschap in Historisch Perspectief.Kees de Pater - 2008 - Philosophia Reformata 73 (1):5-18.
  29. added 2018-06-06
    Andersen, Kierkegaard – and the Deconstructed Bildungsroman.Joakim Garff & K. Brian Söderquist - 2006 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2006 (1):83-99.
  30. added 2018-06-06
    Kierkegaard's Irrationalism.Lan M. Duckles - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (2):37-51.
  31. added 2018-06-06
    Perestroika in Christendom.Moral Code - 2005 - In Nicholas Capaldi (ed.), Business and Religion: A Clash of Civilizations? M & M Scrivener Press. pp. 144.
  32. added 2018-06-06
    Abraham! Abraham! Kierkegaard and the Hasidim on the Binding of Isaac.Jerome I. Gellman - 2003
  33. added 2018-06-06
    La Crisis de Los Valores Cristianos En El Siglo XIX: Kierkegaard y Nietzsche.Patricia Carina Dip - 2002 - Universitas Philosophica 38:191-204.
  34. added 2018-06-06
    Love and Sacrifice in Repetition.Niels Nymann Eriksen - 2002 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2002 (1):26-35.
  35. added 2018-06-06
    Kierkegaard in Poland Since 1965.Hieronim Chojnacki - 2001 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2001 (1):341-350.
  36. added 2018-06-06
    From Inwardness to Emptiness: Kierkegaard and Yogācāra Buddhism.James Giles - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (2):311-340.
  37. added 2018-06-06
    A Challenge to the "Solitary Self" Interpretation of Kierkegaard.Gregory R. Beabout & Brad Frazier - 2000 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (1):75 - 98.
  38. added 2018-06-06
    Abraham - Knight of Faith or Counterfeit?: Abraham Figures in Kierkegaard, Derrida, and Kafka.Gitte Butin - 2000 - Kierkegaardiana 21.
  39. added 2018-06-06
    Alastair Hannay and Gordon D. Marino: The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard.J. Giles - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (3):526-528.
  40. added 2018-06-06
    Existence and Thought: Exploring the Complementarity of Existentialism and Intellectualism in the Works of Soren Kierkegaard and Bernard Lonergan.Paul St Amour - 1998 - Dissertation, Fordham University
    This dissertation explores the dialectic of thought and existence implicit in the human person's task of self-constitution as both a knower and a chooser. By way of comparative interpretation and critical analysis of the thought of Soren Kierkegaard and Bernard Lonergan, it argues for the complementarity of cognitional and existential praxis and adumbrates the possibility of an intellectualist existentialism. ;The Kierkegaardian polarization of thought and existence is situated within the context of a polemic against Hegelian holism and its totalizing aspirations. (...)
  41. added 2018-06-06
    Initiation Into Unhappy Life. The Impossibility of Forgiveness in the Works of Kant and Kierkegaard.O. Dekens - 1998 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 96 (4):581-597.
  42. added 2018-06-06
    Some Ideas Concerning Kierkegaard’s Semiotics: A Guess at the Riddle Found in Practice in Christianity.Stacey Elizabeth Ake - 1997 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 1997:169-186.
  43. added 2018-06-06
    The Significance of the Eternal in Philosophical Fragments in Terms of the Absolute Paradox.Noel S. Adams - 1997 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 1997:144-168.
  44. added 2018-06-06
    Beyond World History: On Hegel's and Kierkegaard's Interests in Ethics and Religion.Paul Cruysberghs - 1995 - History of European Ideas 20 (1-3):155-160.
  45. added 2018-06-06
    Kierkegaard’s Not so Hidden Debt to Schleiermacher.Richard Crouter - 1994 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 1 (2):205-225.
  46. added 2018-06-06
    ‘Popular Gymnastics’ in Denmark: The Trialectics of Body Culture and Nationalism.Henning Eichberg - 1993 - History of European Ideas 16 (4-6):845-853.
  47. added 2018-06-06
    Dialogical Philosophy From Kierkegaard to Buber.Shmuel Hugo Bergman - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    The thinkers presented in these lectures by Bergman represent a radical departure from objectivism and subjectivism.
  48. added 2018-06-06
    On Trusting Ones Own Heart-Skepticism in Edwards, Jonathan and Kierkegaard, Soren.Rh Bell - 1990 - History of European Ideas 12 (1):105-116.
  49. added 2018-06-06
    On Trusting One's Own Heart: Scepticism in Jonathan Edwards and Søren Kierkegaard.Richard H. Bell - 1990 - History of European Ideas 12 (1):105-116.
  50. added 2018-06-06
    A Kierkegaard Reader: Texts & Narratives.Richard H. Bell - 1990 - History of European Ideas 12 (5):697-697.
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