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  1. added 2018-07-27
    Sustainability, Public Health, and the Corporate Duty to Assist.Julian Friedland - 2015 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 34 (2):215-236.
    Several European and North American states encourage or even require, via good Samaritan and duty to rescue laws, that persons assist others in distress. This paper offers a utilitarian and contractualist defense of this view as applied to corporations. It is argued that just as we should sometimes frown on bad Samaritans who fail to aid persons in distress, we should also frown on bad corporate Samaritans who neglect to use their considerable multinational power to undertake disaster relief or to (...)
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  2. added 2018-07-27
    The Utility of Offshoring: A Rawlsian Critique.Julian Friedland - 2005 - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 10 (1):9-13.
    Most prominent arguments favoring the widespread discretionary business practice of sending jobs overseas, known as ‘offshoring,’ attempt to justify the trend by appeal to utilitarian principles. It is argued that when business can be performed more cost-effectively offshore, doing so tends, over the longterm, to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number. This claim is supported by evidence that exporting jobs actively promotes economic development overseas while simultaneously increasing the revenue of the exporting country. After showing that offshoring might (...)
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  3. added 2018-07-23
    Property and Business.Bas Van Der Vossen - 2018 - In Eugene Heath, Byron Kaldis & Alexei Marcoux (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Business Ethics. Routledge. pp. 309-325.
  4. added 2018-06-14
    A Moral Stakeholder Theory of the Firm.Attas Daniel - 2004 - Ethics and Economics 2 (2).
    To be a coherent and genuinely alternative conception to the shareholder model, any moral stakeholder theory must meet the following conditions: It must be an ethical theory; It must identify a limited group as stakeholders; The group must be identified on morally relevant grounds; Stakeholder claims must be non-universal; And not held against everyone. A principle for identifying the stakeholder is suggested as a person who has much to lose – financially, socially, or psychologically – by the failure of the (...)
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  5. added 2018-03-25
    The Impacts of Value, Disconfirmation and Satisfaction on Loyalty: Evidence From International Higher Education Setting.Hiep-Hung Pham, Sue Ling Lai & Quan-Hoang Vuong - manuscript
    Relationships with international students can be beneficial to higher education in terms of financial and human resources. For this reason, establishing and maintaining such relationships are usually pre-eminent concerns. In this study, we extended the application of the disconfirmation expectation model by incorporating components from subjective task value to predict the loyalty of international students toward their host countries. On a sample of 410 Vietnamese students enrolled in establishments of higher education in over 15 countries across the globe, we employed (...)
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  6. added 2017-09-26
    The Idea of a Contractarian Business Ethics.Christoph Luetge - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 647--658.
  7. added 2017-09-26
    Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics.Christoph Lütge (ed.) - 2013 - Heidelberg: Springer.
  8. added 2017-01-15
    Arriving at an Acceptable Formulation of Stakeholder Theory.John Kaler - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (1):73-79.
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  9. added 2017-01-15
    Problems of Stakeholder Theory.Tim Ambler & Andrea Wilson - 1995 - Business Ethics: A European Review 4 (1):30-35.
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  10. added 2016-12-12
    Toward a Contemporary Conceptual Framework for Stakeholder Theory.Rogene A. Buchholz & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):137-148.
    . Atomic individualism is embedded in most definitions of stakeholder theory, and as a result, stakeholders are not integral to the basic identity of the corporation which is considered to be independent of, and separate from, its stakeholders. Feminist theory has been suggested as a way of developing a more relational view of the corporation and its stakeholders, but it lacks a systematically developed conceptual framework for undergirding its own insights. Pragmatic philosophy is offered as a way of providing this (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-12
    What Stakeholder Theory is Not.Andrew C. Wicks - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):479-502.
    The term stakeholder is a powerful one. This is due, to a significant degree, to its conceptual breadth. The term means differentthings to different people and hence evokes praise or scorn from a wide variety of scholars and practitioners. Such breadth of interpretation, though one of stakeholder theory’s greatest strengths, is also one of its most prominent theoretical liabilities. The goal of the current paper is like that of a controlled burn that clears away some of the underbrush of misinterpretation (...)
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  12. added 2016-12-08
    The Stockholder – A Lesson for Business Ethics From Bioethics?John Hardwig - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):329-341.
    Business ethics – both stockholder and stakeholder theories – makes the same mistake as the one made by the traditional ethics of medicine. The traditional ethics of medicine was a teleological ethics predicated on the assumption that the goal of medicine was to prolong life and promote better health. But, as bioethicists have made plain, these are not the only or even the overriding goals of most patients. Most of us have goals and values that limit our desire for medical (...)
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  13. added 2016-12-08
    An Optimally Viable Version of Stakeholder Theory.J. Kaler - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (3):297-312.
    This article is the final one in a series of four papers investigating the stakeholder approach to running businesses. It argues that the optimally viable version of that approach is one in which employees have a co-equal status as stakeholders with shareholders (the maximum allowed for under stakeholder theory) while other groupings only have a minimal status as stakeholders and are generally restricted to just customers, suppliers, and lenders. This version is argued for on the grounds that it both overcomes (...)
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  14. added 2016-12-08
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Farmer Suicides: A Case for Benign Paternalism?Arun A. Iyer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):429-443.
    Although arguments are a good way of exploring the limitations and complexities of a concept or a theory we may find ourselves faced with a real phenomenon that challenges the existing formulations of a concept or a theory so strongly and reveals its limitations to us so starkly that we are forced to break away from the current discussion and start anew. Such is the challenge posed by the phenomenon of farmer suicides on our existing theories of corporate social responsibility. (...)
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  15. added 2016-12-08
    Dialogue: Toward Superior Stakeholder Theory.Bradley R. Agle, Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):153-190.
    A quick look at what is happening in the corporate world makes it clear that the stakeholder idea is alive, well, and flourishing; and the question now is not “if ” but “how” stakeholder theory will meet the challenges of its success. Does stakeholder theory’s “arrival” mean continued dynamism, refinement, and relevance, or stasis? How will superior stakeholder theory continue to develop? In light of these and related questions, the authors of these essays conducted an ongoing dialogue on the current (...)
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  16. added 2016-12-08
    Stakeholder Capitalism.R. Edward Freeman, Kirsten Martin & Bidhan Parmar - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (4):303-314.
    In this article, we will outline the principles of stakeholder capitalism and describe how this view rejects problematic assumptions in the current narratives of capitalism. Traditional narratives of capitalism rely upon the assumptions of competition, limited resources, and a winner-take-all mentality as fundamental to business and economic activity. These approaches leave little room for ethical analysis, have a simplistic view of human beings, and focus on value-capture rather than value-creation. We argue these assumptions about capitalism are inadequate and leave four (...)
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  17. added 2016-12-08
    Stakeholder Theory and Managerial Decision-Making: Constraints and Implications of Balancing Stakeholder Interests.Scott J. Reynolds, Frank C. Schultz & David R. Hekman - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):285-301.
    Stakeholder theory is widely recognized as a management theory, yet very little research has considered its implications for individual managerial decision-making. In the two studies reported here, we used stakeholder theory to examine managerial decisions about balancing stakeholder interests. Results of Study 1 suggest that indivisible resources and unequal levels of stakeholder saliency constrain managers’ efforts to balance stakeholder interests. Resource divisibility also influenced whether managers used a within-decision or an across-decision approach to balance stakeholder interests. In Study 2 we (...)
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  18. added 2016-12-08
    Stakeholder Perspectives and Business Risk Perception.David L. Schwarzkopf - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (4):327-342.
    Stakeholder theory calls for decision makers to balance stakeholder interests, but before this can happen, management must understand how other parties view its decisions. Effective stakeholder dialogues convened to reach this understanding require management to appreciate how others perceive the risks posed by their decision. Although understanding others’ risk perception is crucial for effective communications, we do not have a clear idea of how viewing a situation from multiple stakeholder perspectives affects risk perception. Based on a technique derived from risk (...)
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  19. added 2016-12-08
    Evaluating Stakeholder Theory.J. Kaler - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (3):249-268.
    This paper is the third in a series of four that is directed at understanding and assessing stakeholder theory for the purposes of business ethics. It addresses the suitability and viability of the theory, rejecting objections of a moral and efficiency sort based (respectively) on claims about property rights and the economic superiority of the alternative stockholder approach, but accepting that implementation problems require limiting both the number of groupings admitted to stakeholder status and the degree of responsibility towards them. (...)
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  20. added 2016-12-08
    Stakeholder Multiplicity: Toward an Understanding of the Interactions Between Stakeholders.Benjamin A. Neville & Bulent Menguc - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 66 (4):377-391.
    While stakeholder theory has traditionally considered organization’s interactions with stakeholders in terms of independent, dyadic relationships, recent scholarship has pointed to the fact that organizations exist within a complex network of intertwining relationships [e.g., Rowley, T. J.: 1997, The Academy of Management Review 22(4), 887–910]. However, further theoretical and empirical development of the interactions between stakeholders has been lacking. In this paper, we develop a framework for understanding and measuring the effects upon the organization of competing, complementary and cooperative stakeholder (...)
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  21. added 2016-12-08
    The Politics of Stakeholder Theory.R. Edward Freeman - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (4):409-421.
    The purpose of this paper is to enter the conversation about stakeholder theory with the goal of clarifying certain foundational issues. I want to show, along with Boatright, that there is no stakeholder paradox, and that the principle on which such a paradox is built, the Separation Thesis, is nicely self-serving to business and ethics academics. If we give up such a thesis we find there is no stakeholder theory but that stakeholder theory becomes a genre that is quite rich. (...)
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  22. added 2016-08-26
    The Contained-Rivalry Requirement and a 'Triple Feature' Program for Business Ethics.Dominic Martin - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (1):167-182.
    This paper proposes a description of the moral obligations of economic agents. It will show that a threefold division should be adopted to distinguish moral obligations applying to their interactions in the market, obligations applying to their interactions inside business firms and obligations applying to their interactions with agents outside the market. Competition might be permissible in the first case since markets are special patterns of social interactions (called adversarial schemes). They produce their benefits when agents try to satisfy exclusive (...)
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  23. added 2015-04-17
    Werte - Risiko - Verantwortung. Dimensionen des Value Managements.Mathias Schüz - 1999 - Gerling Akademie Verlag.
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  24. added 2015-03-24
    Is There a Theory in Stakeholder Theory.Thomas M. Jones - 1994 - Business and Society 33 (1):98-101.
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  25. added 2015-03-23
    Stakeholder Theory.D. Bevan & P. H. Werhane - 2011 - In Mollie Painter-Morland & René ten Bos (eds.), Business Ethics and Continental Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37--60.
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  26. added 2015-03-23
    Stakeholder Theory: The State of the Art.T. Jones, A. Wicks & R. Edward Freeman - 2002 - In Norman E. Bowie (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Business Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 19--37.
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  27. added 2015-03-19
    6. Stakeholder Theory.Timothy L. Fort - 2001 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:119-135.
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  28. added 2015-03-19
    Stakeholder Theory Ethically Resuscitated.William C. Frederick - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:226-228.
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  29. added 2015-03-18
    Stakeholder of Partner? De NGO's En de Geloofwaardigheid van de Sociale Clausules Opgelegd Door Multinationale Onderneminge.Geert Demuijnck - 2004 - Ethiek and Maatschappij 7:78-87.
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  30. added 2015-03-18
    Entrepreneurship and Stakeholder Theory.Ronald K. Mitchell - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:175-195.
    In his Ruffin Lecture on stakeholder value and the entrepreneurial process, Professor S. Venkataraman asserted that two processes: value creation, and value sharing, are common ground for both the field of business ethics and the field of entrepreneurship (Venkataraman, 1999). In this article I further explore the connections between entrepreneurship and stakeholder theory raised in the Lecture, as they relate to both the production and the distribution of wealth in society. Through the application of transaction cognition theory, which suggests that (...)
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  31. added 2015-03-18
    A Stakeholder Perspective of Entrepreneurial Activity.Jeffrey S. Harrison - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:143-150.
    Venkataraman (2000) described entrepreneurship as a method for resolving stakeholder value anomalies. His description provides strong normative support for encouraging entrepreneurship in society on the basis of reducing inequities and promoting social harmony. However, a stakeholder perspective of entrepreneurship also has the potential to provide a flexible and comprehensive description of the entrepreneurial process through its various stages. In addition, a stakeholder perspective, combined with resource-based theory, can help researchers in identifying factors that lead to entrepreneurial success or failure. Specifically, (...)
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  32. added 2015-03-18
    Stakeholder Value Equilibration and the Entrepreneurial Process.S. Venkataraman - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:45-57.
    This lecture explores the possibility of a useful dialogue between the fields of entrepreneurship and business ethics for mutual benefit. Although these two fields have much to offer each other, they have developed largely independently of each other. The lecture argues that entrepreneurship has a role to play in stakeholder theory and, relatedly, that stakeholder theory enriches our understanding of the entrepreneurial process. The lecture introduces the idea that a firm is an equilibrating mechanism, and then asks two questions, namely, (...)
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  33. added 2015-03-18
    Comments On “Stakeholder Value Equilibration and the Entrepreneurial Process,” by S. Venkataraman.Sandra Waddock - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:163-173.
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  34. added 2015-03-18
    Earth.Edward Stead & Jean Garner - 2000 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2:231-244.
    Assigning the moniker stakeholder to the planet has stirred a rather interesting debate in recent years. Proponents have insisted that the Earth is both the ultimate source of economic resources and the ultimate sink for economic wastes, meaning that it “affects or is affected by the achievement of the organization’s objectives” (Freeman, 1984, p. 46). They have said that giving the Earth stakeholder status can effectively tie the ecological health of the planet to the economic survival of the firm, and (...)
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  35. added 2015-03-17
    A Life Cycle Model of Multi-Stakeholder Networks.Julia Roloff - 2008 - Business Ethics 17 (3):311–325.
    In multi-stakeholder networks, actors from civil society, business and governmental institutions come together in order to find a common solution to a problem that affects all of them. Problems approached by such networks often affect people across national boundaries, tend to be very complex and are not sufficiently understood. In multi-stakeholder networks, information concerning a problem is gathered from different sources, learning takes place, conflicts between participants are addressed and cooperation is sought. Corporations are key actors in many networks, because (...)
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  36. added 2015-03-17
    Imperfections and Shortcomings of the Stakeholder Model's Graphical Representation.Yves Fassin - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):879 - 888.
    The success of the stakeholder theory in management literature as well as in current business practices is largely due to the inherent simplicity of the stakeholder model––and to the clarity of Freeman’s powerful synthesised visual conceptualisation. However, over the years, critics have attacked the vagueness and ambiguity of stakeholder theory. In this article, rather than building on the discussion from a theoretical point of view, a radically different and innovative approach is chosen: the graphical framework is used as the central (...)
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  37. added 2015-03-17
    What is Stakeholder Democracy? Perspectives and Issues.Dirk Matten & Andrew Crane - 2005 - Business Ethics 14 (1):6–13.
  38. added 2015-03-17
    The Primordial Stakeholder: Advancing the Conceptual Consideration of Stakeholder Status for the Natural Environment. [REVIEW]Cathy Driscoll & Mark Starik - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 49 (1):55-73.
    This article furthers the argument for a stakeholder theory that integrates into managerial decision-making the relationship between business organizations and the natural environment. The authors review the literature on stakeholder theory and the debate over whom or what should count as a stakeholder. The authors also critique and expand the stakeholder identification and salience model developed by Mitchell and Wood (1997) by reconceptualizing the stakeholder attributes of power, legitimacy, and urgency, as well as by developing a fourth stakeholder attribute: proximity. (...)
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  39. added 2015-03-17
    Differentiating Stakeholder Theories.John Kaler - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (1):71 - 83.
    Following on from work on stakeholder identification, this paper constructs a typology of stakeholder theories based on the extent to which serving the interests of non-shareholders relative to those of shareholders is accepted as a responsibility of companies. A typology based on the division of stakeholder theories into normative, descriptive, and instrumental is rejected on the grounds that the latter two designations refer to second order theories rather than divisions within stakeholder theory and the first is a designation which, for (...)
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  40. added 2015-03-17
    Problems of Stakeholder Theory.Tim Ambler & Andrea Wilson - 1995 - Business Ethics 4 (1):30–35.
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  41. added 2014-04-03
    Corporations in the Moral Community.Peter A. French, Jeffrey Nesteruk & David T. Risser - 1992 - Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.
  42. added 2014-04-02
    Stakeholder Theory, Value, and Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):97-124.
    This paper argues that the notion of value has been overly simplified and narrowed to focus on economic returns. Stakeholder theory provides an appropriate lens for considering a more complex perspective of the value that stakeholders seek as well as new ways to measure it. We develop a four-factor perspective for defining value that includes, but extends beyond, the economic value stakeholders seek. To highlight its distinctiveness, we compare this perspective to three other popular performance perspectives. Recommendations are made regarding (...)
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  43. added 2014-04-02
    The View and Purpose of the Firm in Freeman's Stakeholder Theory.Domènec Melé - 2009 - Philosophy of Management 8 (3):3-13.
    Stakeholder Theory (ST), presented by R. Edward Freeman, is a managerial theory which sees the firm as ‘connected networks of stakeholder interests’. The purpose of the firm in Freeman’s theory is ‘value creation and trade’ and ‘creation of value for each appropriate stakeholder’. This article argues that although ST presents important insights, its view of the firm is incomplete and its vision of the purpose of the business in society needs to be refined.
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  44. added 2014-04-02
    A Cautionary Note on Stakeholder Theory and Social Enterprise.Jon Griffith - 2009 - Philosophy of Management 8 (3):75-79.
    Much ink has been spilt over the last decade in discussion of the theories and practices of social enterprise - see especially Peattie and Morley for a comprehensive review of the field, including of other reviews.This brief paper is about a specific aspect of these theories and practices: the effort to establish social enterprises as distinctive from others in having at least a double bottom-line (or in some cases a triple bottom-line, or even some greater multiple of bottom-lines).The effort to (...)
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  45. added 2014-04-02
    Decentered Stakeholder Theory.Dominic Kaeslin, Ruth Schmitt & Jerry Calton - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:448-452.
    In this workshop, a decentered approach to stakeholder theory is proposed, where a shared network problem, rather than a firm, frames stakeholder interactions. Two case studies are presented to illustrate the potential usefulness of adopting a decentered perspective on firm-stakeholder relations. Multi-stakeholder learning dialogues and actor-network theory are introduced as examples of possible theoretical frameworks that allow the adoption of a decentered perspective.
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  46. added 2014-03-31
    The Stakeholder Theory of the Firm.Steven N. Brenner - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (2):99-119.
    Various authors advocate consideration of stakeholder value concerns in organizational decision making. Brenner and Cochran (1990, 1991) propose a stakeholder theory of the firm which contains several propositions and a stakeholder value matrix. In order to begin any stakeholder rnodel validation, an approach is needed to measure stakeholder value and influence weights. We propose a multicriteria decision modeling approach, utilizing the analytic hierarchy process, to estimate stakeholder value matrix weights. This approach is illustrated using a simplified example and suggestions are (...)
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  47. added 2014-03-30
    An Aristotelian Business Ethics?Mark T. Nelson - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):89–104.
    Elaine Sternberg's Just Business is one of the first book-length Aristotelian treatments of business ethics. It is Aristotelian in the sense that Sternberg begins by defining the nature of business in order to identify its end, and, thence, normative principles to regulate it. According to Sternberg, the nature of business is 'the selling of goods or services in order to maximise long-term owner value', therefore all business behaviour must be evaluated with reference to the maximisation of long-term owner value, constrained (...)
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  48. added 2014-03-30
    Stakeholder Theory and A Principle of Fairness.Robert A. Phillips - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (1):51-66.
    Stakeholder theory has become a central issue in the literature on business ethics / business and society. There are, however, a number of problems with stakeholder theory as currently understood. Among these are: 1) the lack of a coherent justificatory framework, 2) the problem of adjudicating between stakeholders, and 3) the problem of stakeholder identification. In this essay, I propose that a possible source of obligations to stakeholders is the principle of fairness (or fair play) as discussed in the political (...)
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  49. added 2014-03-29
    The Stakeholder Theory and the Common Good.Antonio Argandoña - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (9-10):1093-1102.
    The theory of the social responsibility of the firm oscillates between two extremes: one that reduces the firm's responsibility to the obtainment of (the greatest possible) profit for its shareholders, and another that extends the firm's responsibility to include a wide range of actors with an interest or "stake" in the firm. The stakeholder theory of the social responsibility of business is more appealing from an ethical point of view, and yet it lacks a solid foundation that would be acceptable (...)
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  50. added 2014-03-29
    Does the Stakeholder Theory Constitute a New Kind of Theory of Social Responsibility?Thomas L. Carson - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):171-176.
    In arecent paper, Kenneth Goodpaster formulates three versions of the stakeholder theory of corporate social responsibility. He rejects the first two versions and endorses the third. I argue that the theory that Goodpaster defends under the name “stakeholder theory” is aversion (albeit a somewhat different version) of Milton Friedman’s theory of corporate social responsibility. I also argue that the first two formulations of the stakeholder theory which Goodpaster discusses are at most only slight modifications of other theories. I conclude by (...)
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1 — 50 / 70