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  1. added 2019-01-10
    In Dubio Pro Embryone. Neue Argumente Zum Moralischen Status Menschlicher Embryonen.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2003 - In Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker (eds.), Der moralische Status menschlicher Embryonen. Pro und contra Spezies-, Kontinuums-, Identitäts- und Potentiali­tätsargument. Berlin & New York: de Gruyter. pp. 187-267.
    When in doubt, for the embryo. New arguments on the moral status of human embryos. - In the first part of our essay we distinguish the philosophical from the legal and political level of the embryo debate and describe our indirect justification strategy. It consists in renouncing a determination of the dignity-giving φ-properties and instead starting from premises that are undoubted by all discussion partners. In the second part we reconstruct and criticize the species, continuum, identity and potentiality arguments. The (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-10
    Zukünftig Φ. Über Ein Subjektivistisches Gedankenexperiment in der Embryo­Nendebatte.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2003 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 8:67-93.
    In future φ. On a subjectivist thought experiment in the embryo debate. -.
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  3. added 2019-01-10
    Die Würde Menschlicher Embryonen. Zur Moralischen Relevanz von Potentialität Und Numerischer Identität.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2003 - Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie (2):44-69.
    The dignity of human embryos. On the moral relevance of potentiality and numerical identity. -.
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  4. added 2018-12-12
    Der moralische Status menschlicher Embryonen. Pro und contra Spezies-, Kontinuums-, Identitäts- und Potentiali­tätsargument.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker (eds.) - 2003 - Berlin & New York: de Gruyter.
    In the debate about the moral status of human embryos, it is not always clear which arguments are actually disputed. This book offers students and researchers, but also laypersons interested in the current debate, the opportunity to inform themselves about the current state of discussion and to learn about the most important arguments in a clear and concise form. These arguments are as follows: Since embryos as members of the species homo sapiens sapiens are human beings, they possess dignity (species (...)
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  5. added 2018-09-12
    Vulnerable Embryos: A Critical Analysis of Twinning, Rescue, and Natural-Loss Arguments.Stephen Napier - 2010 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (4):781-810.
    Contemporary philosophical discussion on human embryonic stem cell research has focused primarily on the metaphysical and meta-ethical issues suchresearch raises. Though these discussions are interesting, largely ignored are arguments rooted in the secular research ethics tradition already informing humansubject research. This tradition countenances the notion of vulnerability and that vulnerable human subjects ought to be protected from research-related harms. This is the basic idea behind the argument from vulnerability, and it enjoys prima facie plausibility. This articlepresents the vulnerability argument and (...)
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  6. added 2018-07-23
    Cancer Stem Cells Modulate Patterns and Processes of Evolution in Cancers.Lucie Laplane - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):18.
    The clonal evolution model and the cancer stem cell model are two independent models of cancers, yet recent data shows intersections between the two models. This article explores the impacts of the CSC model on the CE model. I show that CSC restriction, which depends on CSC frequency in cancer cell populations and on the probability of dedifferentiation of cancer non-stem cells into CSCs, can favor or impede some patterns of evolution and some processes of evolution. Taking CSC restriction into (...)
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  7. added 2018-07-23
    Cancer Stem Cells: Philosophy and Therapies.Lucie Laplane - 2016 - Cambridge (Massachusetts): Harvard University Press.
  8. added 2018-07-23
    Stem Cell Epistemological Issues. Chapter in Charbord P and Durand C (Eds) Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine.Lucie Laplane - 2015 - River Publishers.
    This chapter brings a philosophical perspective to the concept of stem cell. Three general questions both clarify the concept of stem cell and emphasize its ambiguities: (1) How should we define stem cells? (2) What makes them different from non-stem cells? (3) What is their ontology? (i.e. what kind of property is “stemness”?) Following this last question, the Chapter distinguishes four conceptions of stem cells and highlights their respective consequences for the cancer stem cell theory. Determining what kind of property (...)
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  9. added 2018-07-23
    Reprogramming and Stemness.Lucie Laplane - 2015 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 58 (2):229-246.
    Reprogramming technologies show that cellular identity can be reprogrammed, challenging the classical conception of cell differentiation as an irreversible process. If non-stem cells can be reprogrammed into stem cells, then what is it to be a stem cell, and what kind of property is stemness? This article addresses this question both philosophically and biologically, states the different possibilities, and illustrates their potential consequences for science with the example of anti-cancer therapies.
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  10. added 2018-03-15
    Stem Cell Research and Same Sex Reproduction.Thomas Douglas, Catherine Harding, Hannah Bourne & Julian Savulescu - 2012 - In Muireann Quigley, Sarah Chan & John Harris (eds.), Stem Cells: New Frontiers in Science and Ethics. World Scientific.
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  11. added 2018-02-18
    Border Disputes Across Bodies: Exploitation in Trafficking for Prostitution and Egg Sale for Stem Cell Research.Heather Widdows - 2009 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (1):5-24.
    In recent decades, debates about exploitation have tended to be subsumed by debates about choice and autonomy. This phenomenon has affected international feminism adversely, creating polarized debates over such issues as prostitution. Equally grave is the more recent tendency, even among some feminists, to assume that a woman's free choice to accept payment for egg "donation" in somatic cell nuclear transfer stem cell research absolves researchers of any charge of exploitation or abuse of research subjects. This paper suggests that much (...)
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  12. added 2018-02-17
    Stem Cell Research on Embryonic Persons Is Just.Aaron Rizzieri - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):195-203.
    Abstract I argue that embryonic stem cell research is fair to the embryo, even on the assumption that the embryo has attained full personhood and an attendant right to life at conception. This is because the only feasible alternatives open to the embryo are to exist briefly in an unconscious state and be killed or to not exist at all. Hence, one is neither depriving the embryo of an enduring life it would otherwise have had nor is one causing the (...)
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  13. added 2018-02-17
    Stem Cell Regulation in Mexico: Current Debates and Future Challenges.María de Jesús Medina Arellano - 2011 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 5 (1):Article 2.
    The closely related debates concerning abortion, the protection of the embryo and stem cell science have captured the legislative agenda in Mexico in recent years. This paper examines some contemporary debates related to stem cell science and the legal and political action that has followed in the wake of the latest Supreme Court judgment on abortion, which debates are directly linked to the degrees of protection of the embryo stipulated in the Mexican Constitution. While some Mexican states have opted to (...)
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  14. added 2017-09-04
    Embryos, The Principle of Proportionality, and the Shaky Ground of Moral Respect.Jonathan Pugh - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (8):420-426.
    The debate concerning the moral permissibility of using human embryos in human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research has long centred on the question of the embryo's supposed right to life. However, in focussing only on this question, many opponents to hESC research have escaped rigorous scrutiny by making vague and unfounded appeals to the concept of moral respect in order to justify their opposition to certain hESC practices. In this paper, I offer a critical analysis of the concept of moral (...)
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  15. added 2017-09-04
    Concerns About Eroding the Ethical Barrier to in Vitro Eugenics: Lessons From the hESC Debate.Jonathan Pugh - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (11):737-738.
    In his discussion of in vitrogametogenesis, Rob Sparrow claims that an ethical barrier to development of this technology is that many jurisdictions currently prohibit the practice of creating embryos solely for the purpose of research. However, he suggests that this ethical barrier will soon be eroded, in view of the fact that in vitro gametogenesis could serve as a powerful new technology to overcome infertility. In this commentary, I argue that Sparrow is being overly optimistic in his analysis here. I (...)
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  16. added 2017-08-07
    Stem Cell Lineages: Between Cell and Organism.Melinda Bonnie Fagan - 2017 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 9 (6).
    Ontologies of living things are increasingly grounded on the concepts and practices of current life science. Biological development is a process, undergone by living things, which begins with a single cell and (in an important class of cases) ends with formation of a multicellular organism. The process of development is thus prima facie central for ideas about biological individuality and organismality. However, recent accounts of these concepts do not engage developmental biology. This paper aims to fill the gap, proposing the (...)
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  17. added 2017-01-27
    Ethical Analysis of the Embryonic Stem Cell Controversy.Francisco Lara - 2012 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (6):226-235.
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  18. added 2017-01-27
    Monotheistic Religions' Perspectives on Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Mansooreh Saniei & Raymond de Vries - 2008 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 18 (2):45-50.
    The controversy about research on human embryonic stem cells raises many fundamental ethical and religious questions, especially about the sanctity of lifeand the Divine mandate of human dominion over nature. This paper reviews the different perspectives of three monotheistic religions on the use of embryo for stem cell research. Looking at the religious perspectives, it shows us that Islam and Judaism support most forms of stem cell research. Both of them express their beliefs on when life begins or what the (...)
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  19. added 2017-01-27
    Stem Cell Research: Science, Ethics and the Popular Media.Karori Mbũgua - 2007 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 17 (1):5-10.
    Few advances in the history of science and technology have generated as much ethical controversy and captured as much public attention as research on human stem cells. This paper distinguishes two parallel research programs involving stems cells: embryonic and adult stem cell research programs, then surveys the ethical arguments advanced for and against human embryonic stem cell research. The popular media has tended to exaggerate the therapeutic potential of embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cell therapies are already available for different (...)
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  20. added 2017-01-25
    Procedural Ethics and the European Stem Cell Debate.Benjamin J. Capps - 2006 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1):41-66.
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  21. added 2017-01-23
    The Harm That Religion Does.Peter Singer - 2004 - Free Inquiry 24.
    Ever since August 2001, when President Bush announced his shaky compromise policy on federal funding for research on stem cells, American scientists have been charging that the policy severely impedes progress in this promising new area. Bush's policy allowed federal funding only for research using stem cell lines that were in existence on the date of his speech. Thus, he maintained, such funding would not encourage anyone to destroy human embryos to obtain stem cells, because if they did so, the (...)
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  22. added 2017-01-17
    Science and Politics in the Regulation of Human Embryonic Stem-Cell Research in Brazil.M. Mitre & B. P. W. Reis - 2015 - Social Science Information 54 (1):3-22.
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  23. added 2017-01-17
    Altered Nuclear Transfer as a Morally Acceptable Means for the Procurement of Human Embryonic Stem Cells.William B. Hurlbut - 2005 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (1):145-151.
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  24. added 2017-01-17
    Address on Public Funding of Stem Cell Research.George W. Bush - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (4):619-622.
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  25. added 2017-01-17
    Remarks to President Bush on Stem Cell Research.John Paul - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (4):617-618.
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  26. added 2017-01-15
    Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Middle-Ground Positions and Moral Compromise.Angeliki Kerasidou - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 57:167-169.
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  27. added 2017-01-15
    Thought Experiments, the Reliability of Intuitions, and Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Stephen Napier - 2016 - International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (1):77-98.
    It is common in bioethical discussion to present thought experiments or cases in order to construct an argument. Some thought experiments are quite illuminating, and ethical theorizing will often appeal at some point to one’s intuitions. But there are cases in which thought experiments are useless or do not contribute to the argument. This article considers cases presented in the context of stem cell research that are destructive of human embryos. I argue that certain popular cases that are meant to (...)
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  28. added 2017-01-15
    Human Tissue Legislation in South Africa: Focus on Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Michael Sean Pepper & M. Nőthling Slabbert - 2015 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 8 (2):4.
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  29. added 2017-01-15
    Translating Stem Cell Research: Challenges at the Research Frontier.David Magnus - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):267-276.
    This paper will address the translation of basic stem cell research into clinical research. While “stem cell” trials are sometimes used to describe established practices of bone marrow transplantation or transplantation of primary cells derived from bone marrow, for the purposes of this paper, I am primarily focusing on stem cell trials which are far less established, including use of hESC derived stem cells. The central ethical challenges in stem cell clinical trials arise in frontier research, not in standard, well-established (...)
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  30. added 2017-01-15
    Embryo Stem Cell Research: Ten Years of Controversy.John A. Robertson - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):191-203.
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  31. added 2017-01-15
    Old and New Ethics in the Stem Cell Debate.Richard M. Doerflinger - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):212-219.
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  32. added 2017-01-15
    Stem Cell Research as Innovation: Expanding the Ethical and Policy Conversation.Rebecca Dresser - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):332-341.
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  33. added 2017-01-15
    Creating Embryos for Use in Stem Cell Research.Dan W. Brock - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):229-237.
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  34. added 2017-01-15
    WARF's Stem Cell Patents and Tensions Between Public and Private Sector Approaches to Research.John M. Golden - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):314-331.
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  35. added 2017-01-15
    Between Public Opinion and Public Policy: Human Embryonic Stem-Cell Research and Path-Dependency.Stephen R. Latham - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):800-806.
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  36. added 2017-01-14
    The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Katrien Devolder - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Embryonic stem cell research holds great promise for biomedical research, but involves the destruction of human embryos. Katrien Devolder explores the tension between the view that embryos should never be deliberately harmed, and the view that such research must go forward. She provides an in-depth analysis of major attempts to resolve the problem.
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  37. added 2016-12-08
    Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States: An Update.Cynthia B. Cohen & Mary A. Majumder - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):195-200.
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  38. added 2016-12-08
    Inter-Species Embryos and Human Clones: Issues of Free Movement and Gestation.Jacqueline A. Laing - 2008 - European Journal of Health Law 15: 421-431.
    The United Kingdom's Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill, introduced into Parliament on the 8th of November 2007 contains a number of controversial proposals inter alia expressly permitting the creation of inter-species embryos for research and destruction and increasing the scope for human cloning also for destructive research. It is supposed that there ought not to be a blanket ban on the creation of human clones, hybrids, cybrids and chimeras because these embryos are valuable for research purposes. The prohibition on the (...)
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  39. added 2016-09-11
    Transferring Morality to Human–Nonhuman Chimeras.Monika Piotrowska - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):4-12.
    Human–nonhuman chimeras have been the focus of ethical controversies for more than a decade, yet some related issues remain unaddressed. For example, little has been said about the relationship between the origin of transferred cells and the morally relevant capacities to which they may give rise. Consider, for example, a developing mouse fetus that receives a brain stem cell transplant from a human and another that receives a brain stem cell transplant from a dolphin. If both chimeras acquire morally relevant (...)
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  40. added 2016-09-11
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Transferring Morality to Human–Nonhuman Chimeras”.Monika Piotrowska - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (10):6-9.
    I am grateful to the authors who commented on my article (Piotrowska 2014) for their careful examination of my argument. They have presented a variety of stimulating ideas and suggestions, with which I largely agree and which I would like to discuss further, but in the interest of brevity, I shall try to concentrate only on points of contention.
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  41. added 2016-09-02
    Review of John P. Lizza, Ed., Potentiality: Metaphysical and Bioethical Dimensions. [REVIEW]Jake Earl - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):10-12.
    Each of the 13 articles in this collection wrestles with intricate metaphysical and moral aspects of the widespread belief that a thing’s potential—what it could, would, might, or will be, but isn’t yet—matters for how we should treat that thing. As John Lizza explains in his lucid introduction, the articles are grouped into three parts according to their aims and theoretical constraints. In this review, I briefly summarize and offer some critical discussion of each part.
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  42. added 2016-08-29
    Strange Bedfellows? Common Ground on the Moral Status Question.Shane Maxwell Wilkins - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (2):130-147.
    When does a developing human being acquire moral status? I outline three different positions based on substance ontology that attempt to solve the question by locating some morally salient event in the process of human development question. In the second section, I consider some specific empirical objections to one of these positions, refute them, and then show how similar objections and responses would generalize to the other substance-based positions on the question. The crucial finding is that all the attempts to (...)
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  43. added 2015-10-16
    Patient-Funded Trials: Opportunity or Liability?Danielle M. Wenner, Alex John London & Jonathan Kimmelman - 2015 - Cell Stem Cell 17 (2):135-137.
    Patient-funded trials are gaining traction as a means of accelerating clinical translation. However, such trials sidestep mechanisms that promote rigor, relevance, efficiency, and fairness. We recommend that funding bodies or research institutions establish mechanisms for merit review of patient-funded trials, and we offer some basic criteria for evaluating PFT protocols.
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  44. added 2015-10-01
    Do Embryos Have Interests? Why Embryos Are Identical to Future Persons but Not Harmed by Death.Aaron Simmons - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):57-66.
    Are embryos deserving of moral consideration in our actions? A standard view suggests that embryos are considerable only if they have interests. One argument for embryonic interests contends that embryos are harmed by death because they are deprived of valuable future lives as adult persons. Some have challenged this argument on the grounds that embryos aren’t identical to adults: either due to the potential for embryos to twin or because we do not exist until the fetus develops consciousness. These arguments (...)
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  45. added 2015-04-05
    Sources of Human Stem Cell Research Ethical Controversy - to Explore the Ethical Dimensions of a Buddhist.Chao-Hwei Shih - 2011 - Philosophy and Culture 38 (2):5-37.
    Proliferation of stem cell self-replication capabilities, can be used as medical treatment of disease control, tissue transplantation, or drug development and testing. Obtained from research using embryonic pluripotent stem cells, have captured a large embryo life too. Tendency to deny the embryo the scientific community is equal to the entire whole of the "person." General recommendations: embryo research in fourteen days after egg fertilization, because embryonic development at this time, no perception nor sense, does not have "people" the moral sense. (...)
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  46. added 2015-04-05
    Stem Cell Research.Laura Grabel & Peter Singer (eds.) - 2008 - Wiley.
    In this timely collection, some of the world's leading ethicists grapple with the variety of issues posed by human embryonic stem cell research. Investigates the moral status of the embryo including the creation of chimeras and paying for gametes and embryos for research purposes Provides a thorough evaluation of the ethics and politics of regulating hESC research, and the privacy, confidentiality, and informed consent in the conduct of research and clinical investigations Essential reading for scientists, philosophers, policy makers, and all (...)
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  47. added 2015-04-05
    Stem Cell Research.Don Marquis - 2003 - Free Inquiry 23.
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  48. added 2015-04-05
    The Case for Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Peter Drum - 2002 - Ethics Education 8 (3).
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  49. added 2015-04-04
    Approaching Human Embryos.P. Volek - 2007 - Filozofia 62:734-739.
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  50. added 2015-04-04
    Stem Cell Research: Science, Ethics and Policy.Md George Daley, Dphil Michael Sandel & Phd Jonathan Moreno - 2005 - Lahey Clinic Medical Ethics Journal 12 (1):5-8.
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1 — 50 / 359