About this topic
Summary The Stoic school of philosophy was founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium c. 300 BCE. He was succeeded as head by Cleanthes and then Chrysippus, who is widely held to be the most important of the early Athenian Stoics. Later Hellenistic Stoics of note included Panaetius and Posidonius. The most important Stoics during the Roman period were Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius; also noteworthy are Musonius Rufus, Hierocles, and Cleomedes. The Stoics divided their philosophy into three parts: logic, physics, and ethics.
Key works All of the works of the early Stoics are lost. Our earliest extended accounts of Stoic philosophy are in the philosophical works of Cicero from the first century BCE. Another important source is the extended account in Book 7 of Diogenes Laertius' Lives and Opinions of the Philosophers. The fragments for the early Athenian Stoics are gathered together in von Arnim 1903-24. A good selection is translated in Inwood & Gerson 2008, which is based on their earlier selection in Gerson & Inwood 1988. Another highly recommended selection is Long & Sedley 1987. The fragments for Posidonius are edited in Edelstein & Kidd 1972. The surviving works of the Roman Stoics Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius are widely available in a number of different editions and translations.
Introductions For a general introduction to Stoicism see Sellars 2006. The edited volume Inwood 2003 offers a fuller overview. Inwood 2005 brings out the philosophical importance of Seneca. For an introduction to Epictetus the best place to start is Long 2002. Marcus Aurelius is examined in Hadot & Aurelius 1998.
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  1. Philosophy in the Hellenistic and Roman Worlds: A History of Philosophy Wthout Any Gaps, Volume 2.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson offers an accessible, humorous tour through a period of eight hundred years when some of the most influential of all schools of thought were formed. He introduces us to Cynics and Skeptics, Epicureans and Stoics, emperors and slaves, and traces the development of early Christian philosophy and of ancient science. A major theme of the book is in fact the competition between pagan and Christian philosophy in this period, and the Jewish tradition appears in the shape of Philo (...)
  2. The Platonic Origins of Stoic Theology.Francesco Ademollo - 2012 - In Brad Inwood (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 43--217.
  3. The Justice of Zeus.A. W. H. Adkins & H. Lloyd-Jones - 1975 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 95:229.
  4. Topics in Stoic Philosophy. [REVIEW]M. Alessandrelli - 2001 - Elenchos 22 (2).
  5. The Doctrine of the Prolepseis in Ancient Stoicism.F. Alesse - 1989 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 44 (4):629-645.
  6. Dio, anima e intelligibili nella Stoa.Francesca Alesse - 2011 - Chôra 9:365-381.
    L’article analyse les témoignages stoïciens qui définissent la divinité comme «intellect» et comme «âme du monde», et qui permettent de déterminer les contenus de la pensée divine comme logoi, c’est-à-dire certains «discours» ou «raisonnements». En premier lieu, on examine les mots νοερόν, et νοητόν pour établir à quelles réalités les Stoïciens confèrent les caractères d’intelligence et d’intelligibilité et comment ils décrivent la pensée scientifique à laquelle ils comparent la pensée divine. En second lieu, on examine la théorie des raisons séminales (...)
  7. Alcuni aspetti del concetto stoico di sostanza e identità dell'individuo.Francesca Alesse - 2008 - Chôra 6:127-142.
    Les Stoïciens formulent une conception de la «substance», ou ousia, qui tient un rôle très important dans différentes parties de leur système, parmi lesquelles la cosmologie, la psychologie et l'éthique. Au concept de substance est liée ce qu.on appelle la table des quatre 'catégories'. Cette dernière est considéréepar certains interprètes récents comme l'issue d'un processus historique relativement long, qui trouve sa formulation achevée seulement avec Chrysippe. Les sources relatives à la théorie des quatre catégories forment, comme on le sait, une (...)
  8. The Communings with Himself of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Emperor of Rome, Together with His Speeches and Sayings.Marcus Aurelius Antoninus & C. R. Haines - 1918 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 38:201.
  9. Roman Stoicism Being Lectures on the History of the Stoic Philosophy with Special Reference to its Development Within the Roman Empire.Edward Vernon Arnold - 1911 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  10. The Stoics on Women.Elizabeth Asmis - 1996 - In Julie K. Ward (ed.), Feminism and Ancient Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 68--92.
  11. Seneca's On the Happy Life and Stoic Individualism.Elizabeth Asmis - 1990 - Apeiron 23 (4):219.
  12. Stoicism.Iep Author - 2016
    Stoicism Stoicism originated as a Hellenistic philosophy, founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium, c. 300 B.C.E. It was influenced by Socrates and the Cynics, and it engaged in vigorous debates with the Skeptics, the Academics, and the Epicureans. It moved to Rome where it flourished during the period of the Empire, … Continue reading Stoicism →.
  13. Parerga Choix d'Articles de Daniel Babut.Daniel Babut - 1994
  14. Seneca in the Middle Ages.Barlow Barlow - 1941 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 35:257.
  15. Logic and the Imperial Stoa.Jonathan Barnes - 1997 - Brill.
    An account of the role and the nature of logic in imperial stoic philosophy which challenges the prevailing orthodoxy and presents a novel interpretation of this crucial period of ancient philosophy.
  16. Matter and Metaphysics Fourth Symposium Hellenisticum.Jonathan Barnes & Mario Mignucci - 1988
  17. Poussin's Ovidian Stoicism.Paul Barolsky - forthcoming - Arion 6 (2).
  18. G.D. Williams The Cosmic Viewpoint. A Study of Seneca's Natural Questions. Pp. Xiv + 393, Fig. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Cased, £30, US$45. ISBN: 978-0-19-973158-9. [REVIEW]Emily Batinski - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (2):442-444.
  19. Seneca.Emily E. Batinski - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):351 - 353.
  20. Second Leroy E. Loemker Conference: «Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations».Oliver Baum - 2000 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 4 (1):236-236.
  21. Hachmann L. Annaeus Seneca: Epistulae Morales, Brief 66. Pp. Ii + 216. Frankfurt Am Main: Peter Lang, 2006. Paper, £28.80, €38.40, US$59.95. ISBN: 978-3-631-55262-9. [REVIEW]Robert Bees - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (1):308.
  22. Humanism and Stoicism. Virtue as an End in Itself : The Medieval Unease with a Stoic Idea.István P. Bejczy - 2009 - In Arie Johan Vanderjagt, A. A. MacDonald, Z. R. W. M. von Martels & Jan R. Veenstra (eds.), Christian Humanism: Essays in Honour of Arjo Vanderjagt. Brill.
  23. Clementia Liberum Arbitrium Habet.M. Bellincioni - 1984 - Paideia 39:173-83.
  24. Earson, A. C.: Euripides: The Phoenissae. [REVIEW]Bennett Bennett - 1910 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 4:15.
  25. Deleuze and Ancient Greek Physics: The Image of Nature.Michael James Bennett - 2017 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
    In 1988 the philosopher Gilles Deleuze remarked that throughout his career he had always been 'circling around' a concept of nature. Showing how Deleuze weaves original readings of Plato, the Stoics, Aristotle, and Epicurus into some of his most famous arguments about event, difference, and problem, Michael James Bennett argues that these interpretations of ancient Greek physics provide vital clues for understanding Deleuze's own conception of nature. -/- "Deleuze and Ancient Greek Physics" delves into the original Greek and Latin texts (...)
  26. The Stoics on Ambiguity.David Blank & Catherine Atherton - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):267.
  27. Jessie Helen Louise Wetmore: Seneca's Conception of the Stoic Sage as Shown in His Prose Works. Pp. 66. University of Alberta, 1936. Paper. [REVIEW]M. J. Boyd - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (06):240-.
  28. The Stoics' Two Types of Allegory.G. R. Boys-Stones - 2003 - In Metaphor, Allegory, and the Classical Tradition: Ancient Thought and Modern Revisions. Oxford University Press.
  29. The Επελευστικη Δυναμις in Aristo's Psychology of Action.George Boys‐Stones - 1996 - Phronesis 41 (1):75-94.
  30. The Approach to the Problem of Comprehension in Roman Stoicism.Rodrigo Sebastián Braicovich - 2015 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):43-63.
    Throughout the sources that have come down to us from the Roman period of the Stoic school, we find an important number of therapeutical practices that can be clearly linked to other schools and can be consequently seen to constitute the common ground that enables the idea that there is a general Hellenistic approach to the problem of philosophy as therapy. I will argue that a subset of those strategies, which I will refer to as repetition, ascetic and visualization practices, (...)
  31. Chrysippe Et l'Ancien Stoïcism.E. Brehier - 1971 - Routledge.
  32. IERODIAKONOU, K.(Ed.)-Topics in Stoic Philosophy.T. Brennan - 2001 - Philosophical Books 42 (2):132-133.
  33. Arius, Stobaeus And The Scholiast.Tad Brennan - 2014 - Classical Quarterly 64 (1):270-279.
    In this article I argue for a change to the text of Stobaeus’ doxography of Stoic ethics. I propose we emend it by reference to a parallel text in the Scholia in Lucianum. In order to make that argument, I offer a new assessment of the value of the scholiast's report of Stoic doxography – a report that, at least in virtue of its length ought to be better known to scholars of Stoicism than it currently is.
  34. The Stoics.Tad Brennan - 2009 - In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--105.
  35. Stoic Studies; Essays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics.C. Brittain - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):434-438.
  36. Non-Rational Perception in the Stoics and Augustine.Charles Brittain - 2002 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Volume Xxii: Summer 2002. Oxford University Press.
  37. Stoic StudiesEssays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics.Charles Brittain, A. A. Long & Gisela Striker - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):434.
  38. Chapter Six. How the Stoics Became Atheists.Christopher Brooke - 2012 - In Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought From Lipsius to Rousseau. Princeton University Press. pp. 127-148.
  39. Stoicism and Anti-Stoicism in European Philosophy and Political Thought, 1640--1795.Christopher Robert Brooke - 2003 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Both the sixteenth and the eighteenth century uses of Stoic ideas have been the objects of close study in recent years. This dissertation builds an historical bridge between these two bodies of work, describing the contours of the ongoing arguments about the interpretation and assessment of Roman and Greek Stoicism during a period of crucial importance for the development of modern European philosophy and political thought, form the emergence of the new philosophies of Grotius, Descartes and Hobbes to the High (...)
  40. Corinthian Wisdom, Stoic Philosophy, and the Ancient Economy.Timothy A. Brookins - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work re-examines the divisive wisdom that Paul addresses in 1 Corinthians. Challenging the recent consensus that the Corinthians' wisdom was rooted primarily in the Greco-Roman rhetorical tradition, Timothy A. Brookins offers a revisionary thesis centered on discourse similarities between the perspective of the Corinthian 'wise' and the Stoic system of thought. Brookins argues that several members of the church, after hearing Paul's initial gospel message, construed that message in terms of Stoic philosophy and began promoting a kind of 'Stoic-Christian' (...)
  41. Sagehood and the Stoics.Rene Brouwer - 2002 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 23:181-224.
  42. A New Stoicism (Review).Eric Brown - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (1):162-164.
  43. Stoics and Saints.James Baldwin Brown - 1894 - Philosophical Review 3 (3):353-356.
  44. 6 Hellenistic Philosophy.Jacques Brunschwig & David Sedley - 2003 - In D. N. Sedley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 151.
  45. Stoicism and the Principate.P. A. Brunt - 1975
  46. Studies in Stoicism.P. A. Brunt & Michael Crawford - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Studies in Stoicism contains six unpublished and seven republished essays, the latter incorporating additions and changes which Brunt wished to be made. The papers have been integrated and arranged in chronological order by subject matter, with an accessible lecture to the Oxford Philological Society serving as Brunt's own introduction.
  47. Moral Codes and Social Structure in Ancient Greece: A Sociology of Greek Ethics From Homer to the Epicureans and Stoics.Joseph M. Bryant - 1996 - State University of New York Press.
    Considering Greece from the Dark Age to the early Hellenistic era, Bryant (sociology, U. of New Brunswick, Canada) examines the main structural changes within the economic, political,.
  48. The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics Ed. By Brad Inwood.E. P. Butler - 2003 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 24 (2):147-160.
  49. Stoicism.William Wolfe Capes - 1880
  50. Plato's Stoic View of Motivation.Gabriela Roxana Carone - 2005 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethics in Ancient Thought: Themes From the Work of Richard Sorabji. Clarendon Press.
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