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  1. The Stoics on Ambiguity.Catherine Atherton - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Stoic work on ambiguity represents one of the most innovative, sophisticated and rigorous contributions to philosophy and the study of language in western antiquity. This book is both a comprehensive survey of the often difficult and scattered sources, and an attempt to locate Stoic material in the rich array of contexts, ancient and modern, which alone can guarantee full appreciation of its subtlety, scope and complexity. The comparisons and contrasts which this book constructs will intrigue not just classical scholars, and (...)
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  2. A Big, Big D? Theodor Ebert: Dialektiker und frühe Stoiker bei Sextus Empiricus: Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Aussagenlogik. (Hypomnemata, 95.) Pp. 347. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1991. DM 85. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (02):304-306.
  3. FDS Karlheinz Hülser: Die Fragmente zur Dialektik der Stoiker. Neue Sammlung der Texte mit deutscher Übersetzung und Kommentaren, Vols. 2, 3, 4. Pp. 405–912, 913–1415, 1416–1919 (numbered continuously with vol. 1). Stuttgart/Bad Canstatt: Frommann–Holzboog, 1987, 1987, 1988. DM 450 each vol. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (02):263-264.
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  4. Mariano Baldassarri: La logica stoica: testimonianze e frammenti – testi originali con introduzione e traduzione commentata. Vol. 5b: Plotino, i Commentatori aristotelici tardi, Boezio. Vol. 7b: Le testimonianze minori del sec. II d. C.: Epitteto, Plutarco, Gellio, Apuleio. Vol. 8: Testimonianze sparse ordinate sistematicamente. Pp. 207, 112, 223. Como: Libreria Noseda, 1987. Paper. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (02):426-427.
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  5. The Logic of the Gods Karlheinz Hülser: Die Fragmente zur Dialektik der Stoiker. Neue Sammlung der Texte mit deutscher Übersetzung und Kommentaren, I. Pp. ci + 403. Stuttgart/Bad Cannstatt: frommannholzboog, 1987. DM 450. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):65-67.
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  6. The Logic of the Gods.Jonathan Barnes - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):65-.
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  7. Mariano Baldassarri: La logica stoica: testimonianze e frammenti – testi originali con introduzione e traduzione commentata. Vols. II, III, IV, VA, VI, VIIA. Pp. 136, 59, 173, 125, 77, 72. Como: Libreria Noseda, 1985/1986. Paper.id.: Apuleio: L'interpretazione – testo latino con introduzione, traduzione e commento. (Quaderni del Liceo Classico Statale 'A. Volta', 5.) Pp. 111. Como: Libreria Noseda, 1986. Paper.id.: Aurelio Agostino: I principii della dialettica – testo latino e traduzione italiana con introduzione e commento. (Quaderni del Liceo Classico Statale 'A. Volta', 3.) Pp. 93. Como: Libreria Noseda, 1985. Paper. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1987 - The Classical Review 37 (02):311-312.
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  8. Mariano Baldassarri: Introduzione alia logica stoica. (La logica stoica: testimonianze e frammenti – testi originali con introduzione e traduzione commentata.) Pp. 287. Como: Libreria Noseda, 1985 (1984 on cover). Paper. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1986 - The Classical Review 36 (01):143-144.
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  9. The Combinatorics of Stoic Conjunction.Susanne Bobzien - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):157-188.
    ABSTRACT: The 3rd BCE Stoic logician "Chrysippus says that the number of conjunctions constructible from ten propositions exceeds one million. Hipparchus refuted this, demonstrating that the affirmative encompasses 103,049 conjunctions and the negative 310,952." After laying dormant for over 2000 years, the numbers in this Plutarch passage were recently identified as the 10th (and a derivative of the 11th) Schröder number, and F. Acerbi showed how the 2nd BCE astronomer Hipparchus could have calculated them. What remained unexplained is why Hipparchus’ (...)
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  10. The Stoics on Fallacies of Equivocation.Susanne Bobzien - 2006 - In D. Frede & B. Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Symposium Hellenisticum. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the Stoic treatment of fallacies that are based on lexical ambiguities. It provides a detailed analysis of the relevant passages, lays bare textual and interpretative difficulties, explores what the Stoic view on the matter implies for their theory of language, and compares their view with Aristotle’s. In the paper I aim to show that, for the Stoics, fallacies of ambiguity are complexes of propositions and sentences and thus straddle the realms of meaning (which is the domain (...)
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  11. Stoic Logic.Susanne Bobzien - 2003 - In Brad Inwood (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Stoic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: An introduction to Stoic logic. Stoic logic can in many respects be regarded as a fore-runner of modern propositional logic. I discuss: 1. the Stoic notion of sayables or meanings (lekta); the Stoic assertibles (axiomata) and their similarities and differences to modern propositions; the time-dependency of their truth; 2.-3. assertibles with demonstratives and quantified assertibles and their truth-conditions; truth-functionality of negations and conjunctions; non-truth-functionality of disjunctions and conditionals; language regimentation and ‘bracketing’ devices; Stoic basic principles of propositional logic; 4. (...)
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  12. The Development of Modus Ponens in Antiquity: From Aristotle to the 2nd Century AD.Susanne Bobzien - 2002 - Phronesis 47 (4):359-394.
    ABSTRACT: ‘Aristotelian logic’, as it was taught from late antiquity until the 20th century, commonly included a short presentation of the argument forms modus (ponendo) ponens, modus (tollendo) tollens, modus ponendo tollens, and modus tollendo ponens. In late antiquity, arguments of these forms were generally classified as ‘hypothetical syllogisms’. However, Aristotle did not discuss such arguments, nor did he call any arguments ‘hypothetical syllogisms’. The Stoic indemonstrables resemble the modus ponens/tollens arguments. But the Stoics never called them ‘hypothetical syllogisms’; nor (...)
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  13. Logic: The Stoics (Part One).Susanne Bobzien - 1999 - In Keimpe Algra & et al (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: A detailed presentation of Stoic logic, part one, including their theories of propositions (or assertibles, Greek: axiomata), demonstratives, temporal truth, simple propositions, non-simple propositions(conjunction, disjunction, conditional), quantified propositions, logical truths, modal logic, and general theory of arguments (including definition, validity, soundness, classification of invalid arguments).
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  14. Logic: The Stoics (Part Two).Susanne Bobzien - 1999 - In Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes & et al (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: A detailed presentation of Stoic theory of arguments, including truth-value changes of arguments, Stoic syllogistic, Stoic indemonstrable arguments, Stoic inference rules (themata), including cut rules and antilogism, argumental deduction, elements of relevance logic in Stoic syllogistic, the question of completeness of Stoic logic, Stoic arguments valid in the specific sense, e.g. "Dio says it is day. But Dio speaks truly. Therefore it is day." A more formal and more detailed account of the Stoic theory of deduction can be found (...)
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  15. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.Susanne Bobzien - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Bobzien presents the definitive study of one of the most interesting intellectual legacies of the ancient Greeks: the Stoic theory of causal determinism. She explains what it was, how the Stoics justified it, and how it relates to their views on possibility, action, freedom, moral responsibility, moral character, fatalism, logical determinism and many other topics. She demonstrates the considerable philosophical richness and power that these ideas retain today.
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  16. The Stoics on Hypotheses and Hypothetical Arguments.Susanne Bobzien - 1997 - Phronesis 42 (3):299-312.
    ABSTRACT: In this paper I argue (i) that the hypothetical arguments about which the Stoic Chrysippus wrote numerous books (DL 7.196) are not to be confused with the so-called hypothetical syllogisms" but are the same hypothetical arguments as those mentioned five times in Epictetus (e.g. Diss. 1.25.11-12); and (ii) that these hypothetical arguments are formed by replacing in a non-hypothetical argument one (or more) of the premisses by a Stoic "hypothesis" or supposition. Such "hypotheses" or suppositions differ from propositions in (...)
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  17. Stoic Syllogistic.Susanne Bobzien - 1996 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 14:133-92.
    ABSTRACT: For the Stoics, a syllogism is a formally valid argument; the primary function of their syllogistic is to establish such formal validity. Stoic syllogistic is a system of formal logic that relies on two types of argumental rules: (i) 5 rules (the accounts of the indemonstrables) which determine whether any given argument is an indemonstrable argument, i.e. an elementary syllogism the validity of which is not in need of further demonstration; (ii) one unary and three binary argumental rules which (...)
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  18. Determinism and Free Will in Stoic Philosophy.Susanne Bobzien - 1993
  19. Die stoische Modallogik (Stoic Modal Logic).Susanne Bobzien - 1986 - Königshausen & Neumann.
    ABSTRACT: Part 1 discusses the Stoic notion of propositions (assertibles, axiomata): their definition; their truth-criteria; the relation between sentence and proposition; propositions that perish; propositions that change their truth-value; the temporal dependency of propositions; the temporal dependency of the Stoic notion of truth; pseudo-dates in propositions. Part 2 discusses Stoic modal logic: the Stoic definitions of their modal notions (possibility, impossibility, necessity, non-necessity); the logical relations between the modalities; modalities as properties of propositions; contingent propositions; the relation between the Stoic (...)
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  20. Logic and the Imperial Stoa.Tad Brennan - 1999 - Ancient Philosophy 19 (1):192-195.
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  21. La Structure Logique du Langage Ordinaire chez les Stoiciens.Ada Bronowski - 2014 - In Jean-Michel Counet (ed.), Philosophie et Langage Ordinaire de l'Antiquité a' la Renaissance. Edition Peeters. pp. 83-96.
    Rather than considering ordinary language as deficient and incapable of grasping the structure of reality, the Stoics set out a theory, based on their notion of a lekton, by which ordinary language is a reflection of the structure of lekta which themselves are constitutive of reality.
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  22. Mario Mignucci: Il significato della logica stoica. Pp. 213. Bologna: Patron, 1965. Paper, L. 2,500.W. E. W. St G. Charlton - 1968 - The Classical Review 18 (01):119-120.
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  23. Statement Logic of the Stoics.Joseph T. Clark - 1952 - Philosophical Studies of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 3:23-24.
  24. Stoic Logic: The Dialectic and the Doctrine of Lekta (Sayables).Raul Corazzon - unknown
    reasons for the disappreciation as well as for the rehabilitation of Stoic logic; it is found in I. M. Bochenski's Ancient Formal Logic (Amsterdam, 1951), and it clearly portrays the difference in attitude of the logicians of the twentieth century towards the Stoic logical system.
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  25. Indefinite Propositions and Anaphora in Stoic Logic.Paolo Crivelli - 1994 - Phronesis 39 (2):187 - 206.
  26. Necessity, Possibility and Determinism in Stoic Thought.Vanessa de Harven - 2016 - In Max Cresswel, Edwin Mares & Adriane Rini (eds.), Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 70-90.
    At the heart of the Stoic theory of modality is a strict commitment to bivalence, even for future contingents. A commitment to both future truth and contingency has often been thought paradoxical. This paper argues that the Stoic retreat from necessity is successful. it maintains that the Stoics recognized three distinct senses of necessity and possibility: logical, metaphysical and providential. Logical necessity consists of truths that are knowable a priori. Metaphysical necessity consists of truths that are knowable a posteriori, a (...)
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  27. Stopper on Nasti's Contention and Stoic Logic.Mauro Nasti de Vincentis - 1984 - Phronesis 29 (3):313-324.
  28. Catherine Atherton the Stoics on Ambiguity, Cambridge Classical Studies, Cambridge University Press, 1993, XIX + 563 Pp. ISBN 0 521 44139 0 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Sten Ebbesen - 1995 - Vivarium 33 (2):242-246.
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  29. Dialektiker und fruehe Stoiker bei Sextus Empiricus. Untersuchungen zur Enstehung der Aussagenlogik.Theodor Ebert - 1991 - Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    This monograph discusses the sources for ancient propositional logic, mainly in Sextus Empiricus and Diogenes Laertius bk. VII. It is argued that most of the sources in Sextus which have hitherto been taken to be sources for Stoic logic either do not report Stoic logic at all or report pre-Chrysippean Stoic logic. These texts report (in the first case) a group labelled the Dialecticians whose most prominent members were Diodorus Cronus and Philo or else (in the second case) early Stoic (...)
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  30. The Stoics on Ambiguity.Robert Blair Edlow - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (4):423-435.
    This paper attempts to recover a long neglected chapter in the philosophy of language as it developed in antiquity--The ancient greek stoics' teaching on ambiguity. Although the overwhelming majority of the doxographical accounts of this subject have been lost, Sufficient entries have survived to allow a partial description of the stoic doctrine. What is intriguing about the stoics' teaching is the subtlety of some of the kinds of ambiguity they include in their catalogue. The types of ambiguity that they identify (...)
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  31. Language and Learning: Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age.Frede Dorothea & Inwood Brad (eds.) - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The philosophers and scholars of the Hellenistic world laid the foundations upon which the Western tradition based analytical grammar, linguistics, philosophy of language, and other disciplines probing the nature and origin of human communication. Building on the pioneering work of Plato and Aristotle, these thinkers developed a wide range of theories about the nature and origin of language which reflected broader philosophical commitments. In this collection of nine essays, a team of distinguished scholars examines the philosophies of language developed by, (...)
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  32. The Stoic Notion of a Lekton.Michael Frede - 1994 - In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 109--128.
  33. Stoics and Meaning A. Schubert: Untersuchungen Zur Stoischen Bedeutungslehre. Pp. 284. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1994.Richard Gaskin - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (02):292-293.
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  34. Which 'Athenodorus' Commented on Aristotle's Categories?Michael Griffin - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (1):199-208.
    The principate of Augustus coincided with a surge of interest in the short Aristotelian treatise which we now entitle Categories, contributing to its later installation at the outset of the philosophical curriculum and its traditional function as an introduction to logic. Thanks in part to remarks made by Plutarch and Porphyry , the origin of this interest has often been traced to Andronicus of Rhodes: his catalogue and publication of the Aristotelian corpus began with the Categories and may have drawn (...)
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  35. The Logic of the Stoics.D. W. Hamlyn - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (01):55-.
  36. The Logic of the Stoics Benson Mates: Stoic Logic. Pp. Viii+148. Berkeley: University of California Press (London: Cambridge University Press), 1961. Paper, 12s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW]D. W. Hamlyn - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (01):55-57.
  37. Stoic Use of Logic.William H. Hay - 1969 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 51 (2):145-157.
  38. Aristotle and the "Master Argument" of Diodorus.Jaakko Hintikka - 1964 - American Philosophical Quarterly 1 (2):101 - 114.
  39. Zur Frühgeschichte der Aussagenlogik. [REVIEW]Karlheinz Hülser - 1993 - Phronesis 38 (3):337-344.
  40. Stoic Dialectic. Fragments. A New Collection of Texts with German Translation and Commentaries.Karlheinz Hülser - 1988 - Philosophy and History 21 (2):156-158.
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  41. Die Fragmente Zur Dialektik der Stoiker Neue Sammlung der Texte Mit Deutscher Übersetzung Und Kommentaren.Karlheinz Hülser - 1987
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  42. Modalities by Perspective: Aristotle, the Stoics and a Modern Reconstruction.Christoph Jedan - 2002 - Academia.
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  43. The Stoics on Ambiguity.A. A. Long - 1997 - Ancient Philosophy 17 (2):484-488.
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  44. On the Origin of Syntactical Description in Stoic Logic.Anneli Luhtala - 2000 - Nodus.
  45. Some Sketchy Notes on the Reaper Argument.Vladimir Marko - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19 (3):361-387.
    The paper deals with the possible readings of The Reaper Argument premisses. Some conjectures related to the Stoics’ alleged proof of the argument are discussed.
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  46. Looking for the Lazy Argument Candidates.Vladimir Marko - 2011 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (3 & 4):363-383; 447-474.
    The Lazy Argument, as it is preserved in historical testimonies, is not logically conclusive. In this form, it appears to have been proposed in favor of part-time fatalism (including past time fatalism). The argument assumes that free will assumption is unacceptable from the standpoint of the logical fatalist but plausible for some of the nonuniversal or part-time fatalists. There are indications that the layout of argument is not genuine, but taken over from a Megarian source and later transformed. The genuine (...)
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  47. Three Stoic Propositions in Diogenes Laertius VII 69-80.Jacinto Martínez Lacalle - 1976 - Phronesis 21 (2):115-119.
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  48. The Stoic Analysis of the Sorites.Mario Mignucci - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93:231 - 245.
  49. On the Completeness of Non-Philonian Stoic Logic.Peter Milne - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (1):39-64.
  50. The Completeness of Stoic Propositional Logic.Ian Mueller - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (1):201-215.
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