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Summary This section loosely corresponds to the Stoics' own subdivision of 'physics' and includes works on Stoic metaphysics and physics, including theology, determinism, and philosophy of mind.
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  1. Dio, anima e intelligibili nella Stoa.Francesca Alesse - 2011 - Chôra 9:365-381.
    L’article analyse les témoignages stoïciens qui définissent la divinité comme «intellect» et comme «âme du monde», et qui permettent de déterminer les contenus de la pensée divine comme logoi, c’est-à-dire certains «discours» ou «raisonnements». En premier lieu, on examine les mots νοερόν, et νοητόν pour établir à quelles réalités les Stoïciens confèrent les caractères d’intelligence et d’intelligibilité et comment ils décrivent la pensée scientifique à laquelle ils comparent la pensée divine. En second lieu, on examine la théorie des raisons séminales (...)
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  2. Stoic Philosophical Theology and Graeco-Roman Religion.Keimpe Algra - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press.
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  3. The Early Stoics on the Immobility and Coherence of the Cosmos.Keimpe Algra - 1988 - Phronesis 33 (2):155-180.
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  4. Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.Julia E. Annas - 1992 - University of California Press.
    "Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind" is an elegant survey of Stoic and Epicurean ideas about the soul an introduction to two ancient schools whose belief in the soul's physicality offer compelling parallels to modern approaches in the ...
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  5. Lucretius Venus and Stoic Zeus.Elizabeth Asmis - 2007 - In Monica Gale (ed.), Hermes. Oxford University Press. pp. 458-470.
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  6. The Structure of Stoic Metaphysics.D. T. J. Bailey - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 46:253–309.
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  7. Stoic Pantheism.Dirk Baltzly - 2003 - Sophia 42 (2):3-33.
    This essay argues the Stoics are rightly regarded as pantheists. Their view differs from many forms of pantheism by accepting the notion of a personal god who exercises divine providence. Moreover, Stoic pantheism is utterly inimical to a deep ecology ethic. I argue that these features are nonetheless consistent with the claim that they are pantheists. The essay also considers the arguments offered by the Stoics. They thought that their pantheistic conclusion was an extension of the best science of their (...)
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  8. Logos et scala naturae dans le stoïcisme de Zénon et Cléanthe.Thomas Bénatouïl - 2002 - Elenchos 23 (2):297-331.
  9. La conception stoïcienne de la matière.Bernard Besnier - 2003 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 1 (1):51-64.
    La physique stoïcienne est plus un corporatisme qu'un matérialisme. Est corps tout ce qui est capable d'action ou de passion. En face du mixte actif qu'est le pneuma, ce que l'on appelle matière a pour caractères l'absence de forme et de qualité, l'immobilité et l'inertie ; cette matière fonctionne cependant comme support de qualités, d'où son assimilation fréquente à la fonction hypokeimenon qui est un des aspects de la première « catégorie » stoïcienne. Ce couple agent/patient se retrouve à différentes (...)
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  10. Later Greek Religion.Edwyn Robert Bevan - 1927 - [New York, Ams Press.
    The early Stoics: Zeno of Citium. Persaeus of Citium. Cleanthes of Assos. Chrysippus of Soli. Aratus of Soli. Antipater of Tarsus. Boëthus of Sidon.--Epicurus.--The school of Aristotle: the Peripatetics (Theophrastus).--The Sceptics.--Deification of kings and emperors.--Sarapis.--The historians: Polybius. Diodorus of Sicily.--Posidonius.--Popular religion.--Philo of Alexandria.--The Stoics of the Roman Empire: Musonius Rufus. Cornutus. Epictetus. Dio (Chrysostom) of Prusa. Marcus Aurelius.--Second-century Platonists: Plutarch. Maximus of Tyre. Numenius.--Second-century believers: Pausanias. Aelius Aristides.--Second-century scepticism (Lucian of Samosata).--The hermetic writings.--Gnosticism (Valentius).--Neoplatonism: Plotinus. Porphyry. Iamblichus. Christian criticism.--The last (...)
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  11. Bobzien, Susanne. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.Thomas A. Blackson - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):919-920.
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  12. Early Stoic Determinism.Susanne Bobzien - 2005 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4 (4):489-516.
    ABSTRACT: Although from the 2nd century BC to the 3rd AD the problems of determinism were discussed almost exclusively under the heading of fate, early Stoic determinism, as introduced by Zeno and elaborated by Chrysippus, was developed largely in Stoic writings on physics, independently of any specific "theory of fate ". Stoic determinism was firmly grounded in Stoic cosmology, and the Stoic notions of causes, as corporeal and responsible for both sustenance and change, and of effects as incorporeal and as (...)
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  13. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.Susanne Bobzien - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Bobzien presents the definitive study of one of the most interesting intellectual legacies of the ancient Greeks: the Stoic theory of causal determinism. She explains what it was, how the Stoics justified it, and how it relates to their views on possibility, action, freedom, moral responsibility, moral character, fatalism, logical determinism and many other topics. She demonstrates the considerable philosophical richness and power that these ideas retain today.
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  14. The Inadvertent Conception and Late Birth of the Free-Will Problem.Susanne Bobzien - 1998 - Phronesis 43 (2):133-175.
    ABSTRACT: In this paper I argue that the ‘discovery’ of the problem of causal determinism and freedom of decision in Greek philosophy is the result of a combination and mix-up of Aristotelian and Stoic thought in later antiquity; more precisely, a (mis-)interpretation of Aristotle’s philosophy of deliberate choice and action in the light of Stoic theory of determinism and moral responsibility. The (con-)fusion originates with the beginnings of Aristotle scholarship, at the latest in the early 2nd century AD. It undergoes (...)
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  15. Stoic Conceptions of Freedom and Their Relation to Ethics.Susanne Bobzien - 1997 - Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 41 (S68):71-89.
    ABSTRACT: In contemporary discussions of freedom in Stoic philosophy we often encounter the following assumptions: (i) the Stoics discussed the problem of free will and determinis; (ii) since in Stoic philosophy freedom of the will is in the end just an illusion, the Stoics took the freedom of the sage as a substitute for it and as the only true freedom; (iii) in the c. 500 years of live Stoic philosophical debate, the Stoics were largely concerned with the same philosophical (...)
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  16. Determinism and Free Will in Stoic Philosophy.Susanne Bobzien - 1993
  17. Necesidad, lo que depende de nosotros y posibilidades alternativas en los estoicos. Réplica a Ricardo Salles (Necessity, What Depends on Us, and Alternative Possibilities in the Stoics. Reply to Ricardo Salles).Marcelo D. Boeri - 2007 - Critica 39 (115):97 - 111.
    Ésta es la respuesta a la crítica hecha por Ricardo Salles a mi interpretación del compatibilismo estoico. Aunque en parte admito sus objeciones, intento mostrar que algunos textos nos permiten pensar que, aunque lo que depende de nosotros no implique necesariamente acciones alternativas, eso no significa que no pueda implicarlas. También trato de mostrar que un reexamen de la noción crisipea de posibilidad que tenga en cuenta el deseo y la creencia permite explicar por qué no es posible (en el (...)
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  18. The Stoics on Bodies and Incorporeals.Marcelo D. Boeri - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):723 - 752.
    The Stoics incorporeals are "somethings" which, albeit nonexistent strictly, are subsistent. For the Stoics things truly existent are bodies. So, the question is: what role do incorporeals play in Stoic ontology? The author endeavors to demonstrate that the interpretation that incorporeals are secondary realities (bodies being the primary ones) is not consistent with Stoic philosophy as a whole. At this point the argument is that bodies and incorporeals serve to complement each other in the sense that one cannot exist without (...)
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  19. Freedom, Causality, Fatalism and Early Stoic Philosophy.Sophie Botros - 1985 - Phronesis 30 (3):274-304.
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  20. Philosophy (P.A.) Meijer Stoic Theology. Proofs for the Existence of the Cosmic God and of the Traditional Gods. Including a Commentary of Cleanthes' Hymn on Zeus. Delft: Uitgeverij Eburon, 2007. Pp. Xii + 256. €39. 9789059722026. [REVIEW]G. R. Boys-Stones - 2009 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 129:242.
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  21. La Théorie des Incorporels Dans l'Ancien Stoïcisme.Emile Bréhier - 1928 - Paris: Vrin.
    Contre Platon et Aristote, c’est dans les corps que les stoïciens et les épicuriens veulent voir les seules réalités, ce qui agit et ce qui pâtit. Par une espèce de rythme, leur physique reproduit celle des physiciens antérieurs à Socrate. Ainsi les stoïciens rejettent, dans les incorporels, les non-être comme le lieu ou le temps.
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  22. V. La tkéorie des incorporels dans l’ancien stoïcisme.Emile Bréhier - 1909 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 22 (1):114-126.
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  23. Stoic Philosophy of Religion.Tad Brennan - 2009 - In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--105.
    A survey of Stoic views on religion, with an emphasis on their proofs of the existence and nature of Zeus.
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  24. Stoic Souls in Stoic Corpses.Tad Brennan - 2009 - In Dorothea Frede & Burkhard Reis (eds.), Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy. de Gruyter.
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  25. Fate and Free Will in Stoicism: A Discussion of Susanne Bobzien, Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.Tad Brennan - 2001 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 259-286.
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  26. Stoic Cosmology.Ivor Bulmer-Thomas - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (02):277-.
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  27. Stoic Cosmology Richard Goulet: Cléomède: Théorie Élémentaire. (Histoire des Doctrines de l'Antiquité Classique.) Pp. X + 274; 31 Diagrams, 1 Map. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1980. Paper. [REVIEW]Ivor Bulmer-Thomas - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (02):277-278.
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  28. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.Naomi G. Cohen - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):170-172.
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  29. Physics of the Stoics.James I. Conway - 1962 - Modern Schoolman 39 (2):177-179.
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  30. Sept. 7, 2007 Chrysippus on Physical Elements.John Cooper - manuscript
    My ultimate purpose here is to examine, discuss, and interpret a difficult excerpt in Stobaeus’ 5th c. AD anthology, alleging to report—uniquely, it appears—a distinction Chrysippus drew between three different applications of the term stoixe›on or element (i.e., physical element).1 Stobaeus lists this passage as giving opinions specifically of Chrysippus “about the elements out of substance” (per‹ t«n §k t∞w oÈs€aw stoixe€vn), though in holding them he says Chrysippus was following Zeno, the leader of his sect. Hermann Diels (1879) identified (...)
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  31. The Resistance to Stoic Blending.Vanessa de Harven - 2018 - Rhizomata 6 (pp. 1-23):1-23.
    This paper rehabilitates the Stoic conception of blending from the ground up, by freeing the Stoic conception of body from three interpretive presuppositions. First, the twin hylomorphic presuppositions that where there is body there is matter, and that where there is reason or quality there is an incorporeal. Then, the atomistic presupposition that body is absolutely full and rigid, and the attendant notion that resistance (antitupia) must be ricochet. I argue that once we clear away these presuppositions about body, the (...)
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  32. How Nothing Can Be Something: The Stoic Theory of Void.Vanessa de Harven - 2015 - Ancient Philosophy 35 (2):405-429.
    Void is at the heart of Stoic metaphysics. As the incorporeal par excellence, being defined purely in terms of lacking body, it brings into sharp focus the Stoic commitment to non-existent Somethings. This article argues that Stoic void, far from rendering the Stoic system incoherent or merely ad hoc, in fact reflects a principled and coherent physicalism that sets the Stoics apart from their materialist predecessors and atomist neighbors.
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  33. From Etymology to Ethnology. On the Development of Stoic Allegorism.Mikołaj Domaradzki - 2011 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 56.
    The purpose of the present article is to show that there is a clear line of continuity between the early Stoics’ and Cornutus’ works, as all of them assumed that the ancient mythmakers had transformed their original cosmological conceptions into anthropomorphic deities. Hence, the Stoics from Zeno to Cornutus believed that the names of the gods reflected the mode of perceiving the world that was characteristic of the people who named the gods in this way. Accordingly, the major thesis advanced (...)
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  34. The Apokatastasis Essays in Context: Leibniz and Thomas Burnet on the Kingdom of Grace and the Stoic/Platonic Revolutions.David Forman - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), Für Unser Glück oder das Glück Anderer. Vorträge des X. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. G. Olms. pp. Bd. IV, 125-137.
    One of Leibniz’s more unusual philosophical projects is his presentation (in a series of unpublished drafts) of an argument for the conclusion that a time will necessarily come when “nothing would happen that had not happened before." Leibniz’s presentations of the argument for such a cyclical cosmology are all too brief, and his discussion of its implications is obscure. Moreover, the conclusion itself seems to be at odds with the main thrust of Leibniz’s own metaphysics. Despite this, we can discern (...)
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  35. The Stoic Argument Ex Gradibus Entium.Luke Gelinas - 2006 - Phronesis 51 (1):49 - 73.
    In this paper I offer an interpretation of the Stoic argumentum ex gradibus entium as it appears in Book II of Cicero's De Natura Deorum. In addition to displaying certain similarities to later formulations of the so-called "ontological argument," particularly Anselm's, I argue that the argument ex gradibus entium was a versatile feature of Stoic philosophical theology, capable of employment in relation to two distinct topics: the existence of god and the identification of god's essential nature with the world. I (...)
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  36. Naturalistic Psychology in Galen and Stoicism.Christopher Gill - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a study of the psychological ideas of Galen (AD 129-c.210, the most important medical writer in antiquity) and Stoicism (a major philosophical theory in ...
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  37. Particulars, Selves, and Individuals in Stoic Philosophy.Christopher Gill - 2010 - In R. W. Sharples (ed.), Particulars in Greek Philosophy: The Seventh S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brill.
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  38. The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought.Christopher Gill - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Christopher Gill offers a new analysis of what is innovative in Hellenistic--especially Stoic and Epicurean--philosophical thinking about selfhood and personality. His wide-ranging discussion of Stoic and Epicurean ideas is illustrated by a more detailed examination of the Stoic theory of the passions and a new account of the history of this theory. His study also tackles issues about the historical study of selfhood and the relationship between philosophy and literature, especially the presentation of the collapse of character in Plutrarch's Lives, (...)
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  39. J.-B. Gourinat: Les Stoïciens Et L'Âme. (Philosophies, 75.) Pp. 126. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1996. Paper, Frs. 45. ISBN: 2-13-047808-. [REVIEW]Christopher Gill - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (01):212-.
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  40. Two Points Regarding Chrysippean Theology.Rory Goggins - 2011 - Ancient Philosophy 31 (2):339-350.
  41. The Origins of Stoic Cosmology.Josiah Gould - 1980 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (2):219-222.
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  42. The Nature of Man in Early Stoic Philosophy.Josiah B. Gould - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):429-430.
  43. The Stoics on Matter and Prime Matter : Corporealism and Theimprint of Plato's Timaeus.Jean-Baptiste Gourinat - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press. pp. 46--70.
  44. On Christopher Gill on Particulars, Selves, and Individuals in Stoic Philosophy.Angela Hobbs - 2010 - In R. W. Sharples (ed.), Particulars in Greek Philosophy: The Seventh S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brill.
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  45. A Response to A. A. Long's “the Stoics on World-Conflagration and Everlasting Recurrence”.Hud Hudson - 1990 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):149-158.
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  46. A Physical Interpretation of the Universe: The Doctrines of Zeno the Stoic.Harold Arthur Kinross Hunt - 1976 - Melbourne University Press.
  47. Stoic Determinism S. Bobzien: Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy . Pp. XII + 441. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. Cased, £48. Isbn: 0-19-823794-. [REVIEW]Brad Inwood - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (02):495-.
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  48. Stoic Individuals.T. H. Irwin - 1996 - Philosophical Perspectives 10:459 - 480.
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  49. Zur Aktualität des stoischen Kompatibilismus.Christoph Jedan - 2001 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 55 (3):375 - 386.
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  50. The Stoic Ontology of Geometrical Limits.Anna Eunyoung Ju - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (4-5):371-389.
    Scholars have long recognised the interest of the Stoics' thought on geometrical limits, both as a specific topic in their physics and within the context of the school's ontological taxonomy. Unfortunately, insufficient textual evidence remains for us to reconstruct their discussion fully. The sources we do have on Stoic geometrical themes are highly polemical, tending to reveal a disagreement as to whether limit is to be understood as a mere concept, as a body or as an incorporeal. In my view, (...)
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