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Summary This section loosely corresponds to the Stoics' own subdivision of 'physics' and includes works on Stoic metaphysics and physics, including theology, determinism, and philosophy of mind.
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114 found
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1 — 50 / 114
  1. added 2018-11-05
    On the Separability and Inseparability of the Stoic Principles.Ian Hensley - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (2):187-214.
    Sources for Stoicism present conflicting accounts of the Stoic principles. Some suggest that the principles are inseparable from each other. Others suggest that they are separable. To resolve this apparent interpretive dilemma, I distinguish between the functions of the principles and the bodies that realize those functions. Although the principles cannot separate when realizing their roles, the Stoic theory of blending entails that the bodies that realize those roles are physically separable. I present a strategy for further work on the (...)
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  2. added 2018-08-26
    Bodies, Predicates, and Fated Truths: Ontological Distinctions and the Terminology of Causation in Defenses of Stoic Determinism by Chrysippus and Seneca.Jula Wildberger - 2013 - In Francesca Guadelupe Masi & Stefano Maso (eds.), Fate, Chance, Fortune in Ancient Thought. Amsterdam: Hakkert. pp. 103-123.
    Reconstructs the original Greek version of the confatalia-argument that Cicero attributes to Chrysippus in De fato and misrepresent in crucial ways. Compares this argument with Seneca's discussion of determinism in the Naturales quaestiones. Clarifies that Seneca makes a different distinction from that attested in Cicero's De fato. Argues that problems with interpreting both accounts derive from disregarding terminological distinctions harder to spot in the Latin versions and, related to this, insufficient attention to the ontological distinction between bodies (such as Fate) (...)
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  3. added 2018-08-26
    The Stoics on Time, Eternity and the Actions of God.Jula Wildberger - 2009 - In Reinhard Kratz & Hermann Spieckermann (eds.), Zeit und Ewigkeit als Raum göttlichen Handelns: Religionsgeschichtliche, theologische und philosophische Perspektiven. Berlin; New York: De Gruyter. pp. 123-152.
    Relates Stoic changing conceptions of time to these philosophers’ theology. Roughly speaking, we can distinguish a first phase in which the original definition by Zeno was developed and refined, and a second phase, beginning with Posidonius at the latest, in which new concepts of both objective and subjective time were introduced that turned out to be incompatible with the strictly "corporealist" ontology into which the original definitions had been embedded. The early Stoics defined time in dependence of moving bodies in (...)
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  4. added 2018-08-26
    Beast or God? – The Intermediate Status of Humans and the Physical Basis of the Stoic Scala Naturae.Jula Wildberger - 2008 - In Annetta Alexandridis, Lorenz Winkler-Horacek & Markus Wild (eds.), Mensch und Tier in der Antike. Wiesbaden: Reichert. pp. 47-70.
    Argues that the demarcation between humans and animals in Stoicism is made in functional terms, by their different capacities, but also quantitative terms, as smaller or larger shares of pneuma and thus the active principle Gods. Discusses how they Stoics may have related these two categories and makes a case for the possibility to formulate a non-exploitative animal ethic in Stoic terms.
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  5. added 2018-08-24
    Seneca und die Stoa: Der Platz des Menschen in der Welt.Jula Wildberger - 2006 - Berln; New York: De Gruyter.
    Demonstrates the sophistication of Seneca’s Stoicism by setting his contributions within the context of his school. Seneca’s contributions to physics, metaphysics, logic, determinism, theodicy and eschatology are set within a systematic reconstructions of Stoic positions. Ample documentation of sources and scholarship as well as the thematic, handbook-like structure allow for this book to be used as a look-up tool and introduction to the Stoic cosmos and the place of humans within it. -/- There are a number of new readings and (...)
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  6. added 2018-06-05
    Stoic Trichotomies.Daniel Nolan - 2016 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 51:207-230.
    Chrysippus often talks as if there is a third option when we might expect that two options in response to a question are exhaustive. Things are true, false or neither; equal, unequal, or neither; the same, different, or neither.. and so on. There seems to be a general pattern here that calls for a general explanation. This paper offers a general explanation of this pattern, preserving Stoic commitments to excluded middle and bivalence, arguing that Chrysippus employs this trichotomy move when (...)
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  7. added 2018-05-21
    The Resistance to Stoic Blending.Vanessa de Harven - 2018 - Rhizomata 6 (pp. 1-23):1-23.
    This paper rehabilitates the Stoic conception of blending from the ground up, by freeing the Stoic conception of body from three interpretive presuppositions. First, the twin hylomorphic presuppositions that where there is body there is matter, and that where there is reason or quality there is an incorporeal. Then, the atomistic presupposition that body is absolutely full and rigid, and the attendant notion that resistance (antitupia) must be ricochet. I argue that once we clear away these presuppositions about body, the (...)
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  8. added 2017-08-17
    The Stoics on Identity, Identification, and Peculiar Qualities.Tamer Nawar - 2017 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 32 (1):113-159.
    In this paper, I clarify some central aspects of Stoic thought concerning identity, identification, and so-called peculiar qualities (qualities which were seemingly meant to ground an individual’s identity and enable identification). I offer a precise account of Stoic theses concerning the identity and discernibility of individuals and carefully examine the evidence concerning the function and nature of peculiar qualities. I argue that the leading proposal concerning the nature of peculiar qualities, put forward by Eric Lewis, faces a number of objections, (...)
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  9. added 2017-02-06
    The Structure of Stoic Metaphysics.D. T. J. Bailey - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 46:253–309.
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  10. added 2016-12-08
    Ancient Models of Mind: Studies in Human and Divine Rationality.Andrea Nightingale & David Sedley (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    How does God think? How, ideally, does a human mind function? Must a gap remain between these two paradigms of rationality? Such questions exercised the greatest ancient philosophers, including those featured in this book: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics and Plotinus. This volume encompasses a series of studies by leading scholars, revisiting key moments of ancient philosophy and highlighting the theme of human and divine rationality in both moral and cognitive psychology. It is a tribute to Professor A. A. Long, (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-08
    Cleomedes and the Stoic Concept of the Void.Robert B. Todd - 1982 - Apeiron 16 (2):129 - 136.
  12. added 2016-12-08
    Physics of the Stoics. [REVIEW]S. F. L. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):534-534.
  13. added 2016-10-16
    Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.Julia E. Annas - 1992 - University of California Press.
    "Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind" is an elegant survey of Stoic and Epicurean ideas about the soul an introduction to two ancient schools whose belief in the soul's physicality offer compelling parallels to modern approaches in the ...
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  14. added 2016-09-05
    Logos et scala naturae dans le stoïcisme de Zénon et Cléanthe.Thomas Bénatouïl - 2002 - Elenchos 23 (2):297-331.
  15. added 2016-09-05
    V. La tkéorie des incorporels dans l’ancien stoïcisme.Emile Bréhier - 1909 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 22 (1):114-126.
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  16. added 2016-09-03
    The Apokatastasis Essays in Context: Leibniz and Thomas Burnet on the Kingdom of Grace and the Stoic/Platonic Revolutions.David Forman - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), Für Unser Glück oder das Glück Anderer. Vorträge des X. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. G. Olms. pp. Bd. IV, 125-137.
    One of Leibniz’s more unusual philosophical projects is his presentation (in a series of unpublished drafts) of an argument for the conclusion that a time will necessarily come when “nothing would happen that had not happened before." Leibniz’s presentations of the argument for such a cyclical cosmology are all too brief, and his discussion of its implications is obscure. Moreover, the conclusion itself seems to be at odds with the main thrust of Leibniz’s own metaphysics. Despite this, we can discern (...)
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  17. added 2016-09-01
    Sept. 7, 2007 Chrysippus on Physical Elements.John Cooper - manuscript
    My ultimate purpose here is to examine, discuss, and interpret a difficult excerpt in Stobaeus’ 5th c. AD anthology, alleging to report—uniquely, it appears—a distinction Chrysippus drew between three different applications of the term stoixe›on or element (i.e., physical element).1 Stobaeus lists this passage as giving opinions specifically of Chrysippus “about the elements out of substance” (per‹ t«n §k t∞w oÈs€aw stoixe€vn), though in holding them he says Chrysippus was following Zeno, the leader of his sect. Hermann Diels (1879) identified (...)
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  18. added 2016-09-01
    How Nothing Can Be Something: The Stoic Theory of Void.Vanessa de Harven - 2015 - Ancient Philosophy 35 (2):405-429.
    Void is at the heart of Stoic metaphysics. As the incorporeal par excellence, being defined purely in terms of lacking body, it brings into sharp focus the Stoic commitment to non-existent Somethings. This article argues that Stoic void, far from rendering the Stoic system incoherent or merely ad hoc, in fact reflects a principled and coherent physicalism that sets the Stoics apart from their materialist predecessors and atomist neighbors.
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  19. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Cosmology And Theology Salles God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Pp. X + 274. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Cased, £45, US$85. ISBN: 978-0-19-955614-4. [REVIEW]Alex Long - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):425-426.
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  20. added 2016-09-01
    Dio, anima e intelligibili nella Stoa.Francesca Alesse - 2011 - Chôra 9:365-381.
    L’article analyse les témoignages stoïciens qui définissent la divinité comme «intellect» et comme «âme du monde», et qui permettent de déterminer les contenus de la pensée divine comme logoi, c’est-à-dire certains «discours» ou «raisonnements». En premier lieu, on examine les mots νοερόν, et νοητόν pour établir à quelles réalités les Stoïciens confèrent les caractères d’intelligence et d’intelligibilité et comment ils décrivent la pensée scientifique à laquelle ils comparent la pensée divine. En second lieu, on examine la théorie des raisons séminales (...)
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  21. added 2016-09-01
    From Etymology to Ethnology. On the Development of Stoic Allegorism.Mikołaj Domaradzki - 2011 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 56.
    The purpose of the present article is to show that there is a clear line of continuity between the early Stoics’ and Cornutus’ works, as all of them assumed that the ancient mythmakers had transformed their original cosmological conceptions into anthropomorphic deities. Hence, the Stoics from Zeno to Cornutus believed that the names of the gods reflected the mode of perceiving the world that was characteristic of the people who named the gods in this way. Accordingly, the major thesis advanced (...)
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  22. added 2016-09-01
    Two Points Regarding Chrysippean Theology.Rory Goggins - 2011 - Ancient Philosophy 31 (2):339-350.
  23. added 2016-09-01
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on Particulars and the Stoic Criterion of Identity.Marwan Rashed - 2010 - In R. W. Sharples (ed.), Particulars in Greek Philosophy: The Seventh S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brill.
  24. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Ontology and Plato's Sophist.John Sellars - 2010 - Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 107:185-203.
    Book synopsis: Plato is perhaps the most readable of all philosophers. Recent scholarship on Plato has focused attention on the dramatic and literary form through which Plato presents his philosophy, an integral part of that philosophy. The papers in this volume for the first time consider Aristotle and the Stoics as readers of Plato. That these successors were influenced by the thought of Plato is a commonplace: the ‘whole of western philosophy is a series of footnotes to Plato’. Arising from (...)
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  25. added 2016-09-01
    Naturalistic Psychology in Galen and Stoicism.Christopher Gill - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a study of the psychological ideas of Galen (AD 129-c.210, the most important medical writer in antiquity) and Stoicism (a major philosophical theory in ...
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  26. added 2016-09-01
    On Christopher Gill on Particulars, Selves, and Individuals in Stoic Philosophy.Angela Hobbs - 2010 - In R. W. Sharples (ed.), Particulars in Greek Philosophy: The Seventh S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brill.
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  27. added 2016-09-01
    Particulars, Selves, and Individuals in Stoic Philosophy.Christopher Gill - 2010 - In R. W. Sharples (ed.), Particulars in Greek Philosophy: The Seventh S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brill.
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  28. added 2016-09-01
    Sons of the Earth: Are the Stoics Metaphysical Brutes?Katja Maria Vogt - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (2):136-154.
    In this paper, it is argued the Stoics develop an account of corporeals that allows their theory of bodies to be, at the same time, a theory of causation, agency, and reason. The paper aims to shed new light on the Stoics' engagement with Plato's Sophist . It is argued that the Stoics are Sons of the Earth insofar as, for them, the study of corporeals - rather than the study of being - is the most fundamental study of reality. (...)
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  29. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Philosophy of Religion.Tad Brennan - 2009 - In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--105.
    A survey of Stoic views on religion, with an emphasis on their proofs of the existence and nature of Zeus.
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  30. added 2016-09-01
    Philosophy (P.A.) Meijer Stoic Theology. Proofs for the Existence of the Cosmic God and of the Traditional Gods. Including a Commentary of Cleanthes' Hymn on Zeus. Delft: Uitgeverij Eburon, 2007. Pp. Xii + 256. €39. 9789059722026. [REVIEW]G. R. Boys-Stones - 2009 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 129:242.
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  31. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Themes in Peripatetic Sources?Inna Kupreeva - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press. pp. 135--170.
  32. added 2016-09-01
    God and Cosmos in Stoicism.Ricardo Salles (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a collective study, in nine new essays, of the close connection between theology and cosmology in Stoic philosophy.
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  33. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Philosophical Theology and Graeco-Roman Religion.Keimpe Algra - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press.
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  34. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Theology: Proofs for the Existence of the Cosmic God and of the Traditional Gods (Review).Michael Papazian - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):pp. 467-468.
    Meijer's book, a comprehensive study of Stoic theological arguments, defends the thesis that the Stoics were not narrowly interested in proving the existence of a god. The theology of the Stoa began with its founder, Zeno of Citium, presenting arguments that the cosmos is an intelligent being, though Zeno himself seems not to have explicitly identified that intelligent being as god. A clear statement equating the cosmos with god had to wait until the rise of the third head of the (...)
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  35. added 2016-09-01
    The Stoic Ontology of Geometrical Limits.Anna Eunyoung Ju - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (4-5):371-389.
    Scholars have long recognised the interest of the Stoics' thought on geometrical limits, both as a specific topic in their physics and within the context of the school's ontological taxonomy. Unfortunately, insufficient textual evidence remains for us to reconstruct their discussion fully. The sources we do have on Stoic geometrical themes are highly polemical, tending to reveal a disagreement as to whether limit is to be understood as a mere concept, as a body or as an incorporeal. In my view, (...)
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  36. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Souls in Stoic Corpses.Tad Brennan - 2009 - In Dorothea Frede & Burkhard Reis (eds.), Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy. de Gruyter.
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  37. added 2016-09-01
    Chain of Causes : What is Stoic Fate?Susan Sauvé Meyer - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press.
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  38. added 2016-09-01
    The Stoics on Matter and Prime Matter : Corporealism and Theimprint of Plato's Timaeus.Jean-Baptiste Gourinat - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press. pp. 46--70.
  39. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Themes in Peripatetic Physics?Inna Kupreeva - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press.
  40. added 2016-09-01
    The Active Principle in Stoic Philosophy.Havard Lokke - 2009 - In Juhani Pietarinen & Valtteri Viljanen (eds.), The World as Active Power: Studies in the History of European Reason. Brill.
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  41. added 2016-09-01
    Necesidad, lo que depende de nosotros y posibilidades alternativas en los estoicos. Réplica a Ricardo Salles (Necessity, What Depends on Us, and Alternative Possibilities in the Stoics. Reply to Ricardo Salles).Marcelo D. Boeri - 2007 - Critica 39 (115):97 - 111.
    Ésta es la respuesta a la crítica hecha por Ricardo Salles a mi interpretación del compatibilismo estoico. Aunque en parte admito sus objeciones, intento mostrar que algunos textos nos permiten pensar que, aunque lo que depende de nosotros no implique necesariamente acciones alternativas, eso no significa que no pueda implicarlas. También trato de mostrar que un reexamen de la noción crisipea de posibilidad que tenga en cuenta el deseo y la creencia permite explicar por qué no es posible (en el (...)
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  42. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Theology: Proofs for the Existence of the Cosmic God and of the Traditional Gods: Including a Commentary on Cleanthes' Hymn on Zeus.P. A. Meijer - 2007 - Eburon.
    Zeno's so-called proofs of divine existence -- Zeno and the traditional gods: a serious problem -- Cleanthes' proofs -- Cleanthes and the traditional gods -- Chrysippus' contribution -- Chrysippus and the traditional gods -- Other Stoic proofs -- Other (Stoic?) arguments in Sextus -- Polemics against the arguments pro the existence of God(s) -- Abolishing the gods leads to odd consequence: the atopical arguments pro the existence of the gods -- The counter-arguments -- Carneades and the data of Sextus and (...)
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  43. added 2016-09-01
    The Stoics on Determinism and Compatibilism (Review).Maykʻl Papazian - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (3):488-490.
    Maykʻl Papazian - The Stoics on Determinism and Compatibilism - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.3 488-490 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Michael Papazian Berry College Ricardo Salles. The Stoics on Determinism and Compatibilism. Ashgate New Critical Thinking in Philosophy. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2005. Pp. xxii +132. Cloth, $79.95. Stoic determinism has been the object of important work recently, most notably Susanne Bobzien's monumental work, Determinism and Freedom in (...)
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  44. added 2016-09-01
    Lucretius Venus and Stoic Zeus.Elizabeth Asmis - 2007 - In Monica Gale (ed.), Hermes. Oxford University Press. pp. 458-470.
  45. added 2016-09-01
    Necesidad y Lo Que Depende de Nosotros. Sobre la Interpretación de Marcelo Boeri Del Compatibilismo Estoico (Necessity and What Depends on Us. On Marcelo Boeri's Interpretation of Stoic Compatibilism).Ricardo Salles - 2007 - Critica 39 (115):83 - 96.
    Este trabajo discute la interpretación de Marcelo Boeri sobre el compatibilismo estoico; esto es, la tesis de que es compatible con el determinismo que rige al mundo natural el que podamos ser genuinamente responsables de nuestras acciones. Según Boeri, los estoicos intentaron conciliar las dos cosas abriendo un margen de indeterminación gracias al cual nuestras acciones no están sujetas a la necesidad que domina los demás fenómenos naturales. La discusión que se ofrece aquí se basa en un análisis del concepto (...)
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  46. added 2016-09-01
    The Ontological Argument of Diogenes of Babylon.Michael Papazian - 2007 - Phronesis 52 (2):188-209.
    An argument for the existence of gods given by the Stoic Diogenes of Babylon and reported by Sextus Empiricus appears to be an ancient version of the ontological argument. In this paper I present a new reconstruction of Diogenes' argument that differs in certain important respects from the reconstruction presented by Jacques Brunschwig. I argue that my reconstruction makes better sense of how Diogenes' argument emerged as a response to an attack on an earlier Stoic argument presented by Zeno of (...)
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  47. added 2016-09-01
    Review: The Stoics on Determinism and Compatibilism. [REVIEW]R. W. Sharples - 2006 - Mind 115 (460):1171-1174.
  48. added 2016-09-01
    The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought.Christopher Gill - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Christopher Gill offers a new analysis of what is innovative in Hellenistic--especially Stoic and Epicurean--philosophical thinking about selfhood and personality. His wide-ranging discussion of Stoic and Epicurean ideas is illustrated by a more detailed examination of the Stoic theory of the passions and a new account of the history of this theory. His study also tackles issues about the historical study of selfhood and the relationship between philosophy and literature, especially the presentation of the collapse of character in Plutrarch's Lives, (...)
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  49. added 2016-09-01
    The Stoic Argument Ex Gradibus Entium.Luke Gelinas - 2006 - Phronesis 51 (1):49 - 73.
    In this paper I offer an interpretation of the Stoic argumentum ex gradibus entium as it appears in Book II of Cicero's De Natura Deorum. In addition to displaying certain similarities to later formulations of the so-called "ontological argument," particularly Anselm's, I argue that the argument ex gradibus entium was a versatile feature of Stoic philosophical theology, capable of employment in relation to two distinct topics: the existence of god and the identification of god's essential nature with the world. I (...)
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  50. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Gunk.Daniel Nolan - 2006 - Phronesis 51 (2):162-183.
    The surviving sources on the Stoic theory of division reveal that the Stoics, particularly Chrysippus, believed that bodies, places and times were such that all of their parts themselves had proper parts. That is, bodies, places and times were composed of gunk. This realisation helps solve some long-standing puzzles about the Stoic theory of mixture and the Stoic attitude to the present.
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