Substance

Edited by Andrew J. Jaeger (Benedictine College)
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Siblings:History/traditions: Substance

655 found
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  1. added 2020-05-22
    The Company as a Relational Entity. An Intermediate Position on Corporate Ontological Status.María Marta Preziosa - 2019 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 42:73-96.
    This paper offers an answer to the ontological question based on the notion of relationship from Aristotelian-Thomistic philosophy. To this end, individualist and collectivist arguments are analyzed, as well as arguments by authors who propose to overcome this antinomy by means of the notion of relationality. Since these authors stop at the phenomenic level, this paper offers an analysis that provides an adequate metaphysical foundation to interactions. These real relation-ships modify its subjects in an accidental way composing a different reality, (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-03
    Aristotle, Metaphysics Λ Introduction, Translation, Commentary A Speculative Sketch Devoid God.Erwin Sonderegger - manuscript
    The present text is the revised and corrected English translation of the book published in German by the Lang Verlag, Bern 2008. Unfortunately the text still has some minor flaws (especially in the Index Locorum) but they do not concern the main thesis or the arguments. It will still be the final version, especially considering my age. It is among the most widespread and the least questioned convictions that in Metaphysics Lambda Aristotle presents a theology which has its basis in (...)
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  3. added 2020-02-20
    Eléments d'Une Métaphysique Thomiste de L'Être.E. Gilson - 1973 - Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 40.
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  4. added 2020-02-12
    Organisms, activity, and being: on the substance of process ontology.Christopher J. Austin - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (2):1-21.
    According to contemporary ‘process ontology’, organisms are best conceptualised as spatio-temporally extended entities whose mereological composition is fundamentally contingent and whose essence consists in changeability. In contrast to the Aristotelian precepts of classical ‘substance ontology’, from the four-dimensional perspective of this framework, the identity of an organism is grounded not in certain collections of privileged properties, or features which it could not fail to possess, but in the succession of diachronic relations by which it persists, or ‘perdures’ as one entity (...)
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  5. added 2020-02-12
    The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time.Gary Rosenkrantz - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):728-736.
    I am happy to report that serious metaphysics is alive and well in the work of Jonathan Lowe. His recent book The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time is a major contribution to analytical metaphysics; it confirms Lowe’s standing as a leading figure in the field.
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  6. added 2020-02-12
    Experience and Substance. An Essay in Metaphysics.Stephen C. Pepper - 1942 - Journal of Philosophy 39 (8):213-216.
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  7. added 2020-02-11
    A Map of Metaphysics Zeta.Frank A. Lewis - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):158-164.
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  8. added 2020-02-11
    Sameness and Substance Renewed.E. J. Lowe - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):816-820.
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  9. added 2020-02-11
    Aristotle’s Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta.Mary Louise Gill - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):583-586.
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  10. added 2020-02-11
    Substance and Individuation in Leibniz.Robert Merrihew Adams - 2002 - Mind 111 (444):851-855.
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  11. added 2020-02-11
    Substance Among Other Categories.Trenton Merricks - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):480-482.
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  12. added 2020-02-11
    Divine Substance.S. Marc Cohen - 1982 - Noûs 16 (2):334-339.
    Review of Divine Substance, by Christopher Stead (Oxford, Clarendon Press: 1977).
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  13. added 2020-01-28
    Number and Reality: Sources of Scientific Knowledge.Alex V. Halapsis - 2016 - ScienceRise 23 (6):59-64.
    Pythagoras’s number doctrine had a great effect on the development of science. Number – the key to the highest reality, and such approach allowed Pythagoras to transform mathematics from craft into science, which continues implementation of its project of “digitization of being”. Pythagoras's project underwent considerable transformation, but it only means that the plan in knowledge is often far from result.
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  14. added 2020-01-17
    McTaggart’s Logical Determinism.Nicholas Rescher - 1982 - Idealistic Studies 12 (3):231-241.
    One of the most notable theses of McTaggart’s system is his doctrine of logical determinism, the contention that—on grounds of fundamental logical principle—everything in the world must of necessity be just exactly as it is, that nothing could possibly differ in any particular from its actual condition. McTaggart holds that given that any substance in the world is what it in fact is, every substance must be just as is. And so “all that exists, both substances and [their] characteristics, are (...)
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  15. added 2020-01-06
    Physical Processes, Their Life and Their History.Gilles Kassel - 2020 - Applied Ontology 15 (2):109-133.
    Here, I lay the foundations of a high-level ontology of particulars whose structuring principles differ radically from the 'continuant' vs. 'occurrent' distinction traditionally adopted in applied ontology. These principles are derived from a new analysis of the ontology of “occurring” or “happening” entities. Firstly, my analysis integrates recent work on the ontology of processes, which brings them closer to objects in their mode of existence and persistence by assimilating them to continuant particulars. Secondly, my analysis distinguishes clearly between processes and (...)
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  16. added 2019-12-20
    Substance Made Manifest: Metaphysical and Semantic Implications of the Doctrine of Transubstantiation.Joshua Hochschild - 2014 - Saint Anselm Journal 9 (2).
    Argues that traditional Catholic understanding of transubstantiation is obscured by modern metaphysics' neglect of the category of substance, and by modern semantic assumptions about how words signify.
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  17. added 2019-12-07
    Contemporary Concepts of Time in Western Science and Philosophy.Peter J. Riggs - 2015 - In A. McGrath & M. A. Jebb (ed.), Long History, Deep Time. Canberra, Australia: ANU Press. pp. 47-66.
    The perplexing nature of time has been more contemplated, speculated, written, and debated about over the ages than virtually any other subject, with the possible exception of religion. Yet time seems more elusive than the vast majority of other metaphysical concepts. Time remains mysterious, for we lack an understanding of time at a basic physical level. Concepts of time in theories of modern physics and time as found in contemporary western analytic philosophy are discussed.
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  18. added 2019-11-20
    Abstracta and Abstraction in Trope Theory.A. R. J. Fisher - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 49 (1):41-67.
    Trope theory is a leading metaphysical theory in analytic ontology. One of its classic statements is found in the work of Donald C. Williams who argued that tropes qua abstract particulars are the very alphabet of being. The concept of an abstract particular has been repeatedly attacked in the literature. Opponents and proponents of trope theory alike have levelled their criticisms at the abstractness of tropes and the associated act of abstraction. In this paper I defend the concept of a (...)
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  19. added 2019-11-10
    Theoretical Underpinnings of Wiredu’s Empiricalism.Richmond Kwesi - forthcoming - UTAFITI Journal of African Perspectives.
    Wiredu uses the term ‘empiricalism’ to characterize a mode of thinking that is essentially empirical in orientation but admits non-transcendental metaphysical categories and existents into its systems of thought. Wiredu finds evidence of this mode of thinking in the Akan language. The central question I engage with in this paper is this: what makes empiricalism a plausible system of thought that has universal validity and intelligibility? I argue that the plausibility and universality of empiricalism is evident in Wiredu’s logical and (...)
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  20. added 2019-10-30
    Teleology and Defining Sex.Nathan K. Gamble & Michal Pruski - 2018 - The New Bioethics 24 (2):176-189.
    Disorders of sexual differentiation lead to what is often referred to as an intersex state. This state has medical, as well as some legal, recognition. Nevertheless, the question remains whether intersex persons occupy a state in between maleness and femaleness or whether they are truly men or women. To answer this question, another important conundrum needs to be first solved: what defines sex? The answer seems rather simple to most people, yet when morphology does not coincide with haplotypes, and genetics (...)
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  21. added 2019-10-25
    Introduction to the Special Issue on Form, Structure and Hylomorphism.Anna Marmodoro & Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2019 - Synthese:1-10.
    We summarize in this introduction the contents of all the contributions included in Synthese special issue on form, structure and hylomorphism. Moreover, we provide an exhaustive bibliography of recent research on these topics.
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  22. added 2019-10-07
    On Substance Being the Same As Its Essence in Metaphysics Z 6: The Pale Man Argument.Norman O. Dahl - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (1):1-27.
  23. added 2019-08-13
    Anscombe e il problema della sostanza.Elisa Grimi - 2016 - Per la Filosofia 1 (1):99-108.
    IT_Nel panorama analitico emerge la gura di Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe. Ella, accanto a suo marito Peter Geach e al losofo Anthony Kenny, è stata indicata da John Haldane, tra i promotori di una nuova corrente denominata “tomismo analitico”. In questo saggio, oltre a sottolineare le debolezze che sono presenti in tale dicitura e allo stesso tempo il carattere innovativo della ri essione di questi loso , si è scelto di ripercorrere in modo critico le pagine che Anscombe dedica ad (...)
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  24. added 2019-07-19
    Nietzsche's Will to Power as Naturalist Critical Ontology.Donovan Miyasaki - 2013 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (3):251-69.
    In this paper, I argue that Nietzsche’s published works contain a substantial, although implicit, argument for the will to power as ontology—a critical and descriptive, rather than positive and explanatory, theory of reality. Further, I suggest this ontology is entirely consistent with a naturalist methodology. The will to power ontology follows directly from Nietzsche’s naturalist rejection of three metaphysical presuppositions: substance, efficient causality, and final causality. I show that a number of interpretations, including those of Clark, Schacht, Reginster, and Richardson, (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-27
    Lasst uns den Weg einer neuen Ontologie einschlagen! (2. Teil).Gianluigi Segalerba - 2018 - Analele Universitǎţii Din Craiova, Seria: Filosofie 42 (2):5-48.
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  26. added 2019-06-18
    Introduction to the Ontology of Knowledge Iss. 20200403.Jean-Louis Boucon - 2020
    This text aims to introduce Ontology of Knowledge (OK) as an ontological model. According to OK these are not the world and its forms that make themselves intelligible to the subject but a principle of knowledge: the Logos, which gives meaning, which gives forms to a Reality that is otherwise formless, unspeakable. The Spirit, as a logical system, thus plays the central role; it creates forms, gives existence to the objects it represents, animates the representation it has of itself and (...)
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Eleaticism and Socratic Dialectic: On Ontology, Philosophical Inquiry, and Estimations of Worth in Plato’s Parmenides, Sophist and Statesman.Jens Kristian Larsen - 2019 - Études Platoniciennes 19 (19).
    The Parmenides poses the question for what entities there are Forms, and the criticism of Forms it contains is commonly supposed to document an ontological reorientation in Plato. According to this reading, Forms no longer express the excellence of a given entity and a Socratic, ethical perspective on life, but come to resemble concepts, or what concepts designate, and are meant to explain nature as a whole. Plato’s conception of dialectic, it is further suggested, consequently changes into a value-neutral method (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Thomas Versus Tibbles: A Critical Study of Christopher Brown’s Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus.Patrick Toner - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):639-653.
    In his recent book, Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus, Christopher Brown has argued that the metaphysics of St. Thomas is preferable to contemporary analyticviews because it can solve the “problem of material constitution” without requiring us to relinquish any of the common-sense beliefs that generate that problem. In this critical study, I show that in the case of both substances and aggregates, Brown’s Aquinas endorses views that are extremely implausible. Consequently, even if it is granted that the solutions to (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    The Explanatory Power of the Substance View of Persons.F. J. Beckwith - 2004 - Christian Bioethics 10 (1):33-54.
    The purpose of this essay is to offer support for the substance view of persons, the philosophical anthropology defended by Patrick Lee in his essay. In order to accomplish this the author (1) presents a brief definition of the substance view; (2) argues that the substance view has more explanatory power in accounting for why we believe that human persons are intrinsically valuable even when they are not functioning as such (e.g., when one is temporarily comatose), why human persons remain (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    Substance: Things and Stuffs.Peter Hacker - 2004 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 78 (1):41-63.
    We conceive of the natural world as populated by relatively persistent material things standing in spatio-temporal relations to each other. They come into existence, exist for a time, and then pass away. We locate them relative to landmarks and to other material things in the landscape which they, and we, inhabit. We characterize them as things of a certain kind, and identify and re-identify them accordingly. The expressions we typically use to do so are, in the technical terminology derived from (...)
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    Getting Substance to Go All the Way: Norris Clarke’s Neo-Thomism and the Process Turn.Brian Henning - 2004 - Modern Schoolman 81 (3):215-225.
    Perhaps more than any other aspect of his thought, Alfred North Whitehead’s rejection of the notion of “independent existence” or substance has been taken to define his philosophy of organism. Moreover, it is this rejection of substances which has been the source of some of the most significant objections to Whitehead’s thought. Many commentators often indicate sympathy with Whitehead’s project but ask, if the world is composed exclusively of microscopic events which neither endure nor have histories, then how can Whitehead (...)
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Ruth Garrett Millikan: On Clear and Confused Ideas. An Essay About Substance Concepts. [REVIEW]Christian Helmut Wenzel - 2004 - European Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):157-161.
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Substance the Same as its Essence in Metaphysics Vii 6: The Argument About Platonic Forms.Norman O. Dahl - 2003 - Ancient Philosophy 23 (1):153.
  34. added 2019-06-06
    Reducing Spirit to Substance: Dove on Hegel’s Method.Wendy Lynn Clark & J. M. Fritzman - 2002 - Idealistic Studies 32 (2):73-100.
    In “Hegel’s Phenomenological Method,” Kenley R. Dove maintains that the method of the Phenomenology of Spirit is not dialectical but instead wholly phenomenological. That is, Dove claims that Hegel’s method is purely descriptive. Dove’s interpretation has been highly influential and widely accepted. This article argues that, although there is a phenomenological aspect to Hegel’s method, that aspect itself presupposes a prior dialectical moment. Failure to account for that dialectical moment results in spirit being reduced to substance.
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    On Clear and Confused Ideas: An Essay About Substance Concepts. [REVIEW]Robert Cummins, Alexa Lee, Martin Roth, David Byrd & Pierre Poirier - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (2):102-108.
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Naturalism, Theism, and the Origin of Life.Joseph E. Earley - 1998 - Process Studies 27 (3-4):267-279.
    Alvin Plantinga and Phillip E. Johnson strongly attack "metaphysical naturalism", a doctrine based, in part, on Darwinian concepts. They claim that this doctrine dominates American academic, educational, and legal thought, and that it is both erroneous and pernicious. Stuart Kauffman claims that currently accepted versions of Darwinian evolutionary theory are radically incomplete, that they should be supplemented by explicit recognition of the importance of coherent structures — the prevalence of "order for free". Both of these developments are here interpreted in (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    Too Much Substance, Not Enough Cognition.Vincent C. Müller & Stephanie Kelter - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):80-80.
    Millikan's account of substance concepts is based on a notion of “substance” expanded from realist notions of individuals and natural kinds. Her metaphysical notion, based on “inductive potential,” is shown to be too puristic and needs to incorporate cognizing subjects. This could preserve the realist/nondescriptionist insight that the extension of substances is determined by the world.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Aristotle on Nature and Incomplete Substance, by Sheldon M. Cohen.John J. Cleary - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (2):492.
  39. added 2019-06-06
    APA Symposium Aristotle on Substance and Predication.Mary Louise Gill - 1995 - Ancient Philosophy 15 (2):511-520.
  40. added 2019-06-06
    XIV—Ontological Dependence.Kit Fine - 1994 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95 (1):269-290.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Substance: Prolegomena to a Realist Theory of Identity.Michael Ayers - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):69-90.
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    The Simplicity of the Tractatus.Elizabeth Anscombe - 1989 - Critica 21 (63):3-16.
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    Aristotle on Substance and Predication: A Mediaeval View.Mary C. Sommers - 1987 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 61:78.
    In the "posterior analytics" aristotle distinguishes four ways in which something can be "in itself" (kath' auto). the third way was characterized by some mediaeval commentators as a "modus essendi", rather than a "modus praedicandi". this distinction has an analogue in contemporary discussions of aristotle's theory of predication. what is the connection between primary substances, which are kath' auto or exist "in themselves" and kath' auto predications? some contemporary commentators hold that, for aristotle, all valid predications are made concerning primary (...)
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  44. added 2019-06-06
    Sameness and Substance. [REVIEW]B. P. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (3):623-625.
    The topic of this important book is the notion of identity through time, and the author seems to regard his task to be the description, interpretation, and comprehension of our linguistic or conceptual practices involving this notion. He seems to take for granted that, at least generally, these practices are philosophically defensible, that the underlying beliefs are intelligible and true, that they do not involve identity merely in what Chisholm has called the loose and popular, as contrasted with the strict (...)
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  45. added 2019-06-06
    Form and Universal in A Ristotle (Liverpool, 1981). [REVIEW]O. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (2):395-396.
  46. added 2019-06-06
    Aristotle’s Metaphysics. Books M and N. [REVIEW]O. J. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (2):310-311.
    Miracles are not ordinarily looked for in the area of the Aristotelian Metaphysics. Least of all, perhaps, would one expect to be presented with a readable and lucid translation of Books M and N. Yet that is what has been given in the present scholarly volume. The difficult and often puzzling Greek text of the two books has been neatly rendered in attractive, idiomatic, precise, smooth flowing English.
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  47. added 2019-06-06
    From Substance to Subject: Studies in Hegel. [REVIEW]Rex Martin - 1975 - The Owl of Minerva 6 (4):3-6.
    Something of the nature of Rotenstreich’s book can be gained from its title. The main title suggests a coherent and unified account of Hegel’s “shift” from substance to subject; the subtitle, however, seems to point in a somewhat different direction and to suggest a collection of essays on a variety of Hegelian topics. Actually the book itself falls somewhere between the coherence of a single thematic treatment and the diffuseness of a set of disparate essays. Hence, though the shift from (...)
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  48. added 2019-06-06
    The Problem of primary Substance in Aristotle' "Metaphysics" and some recent interpretations.T. A. Fay - 1975 - Giornale di Metafisica 30:657-663.
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  49. added 2019-06-06
    From Substance to Subject: Studies in Hegel. [REVIEW]D. D. G. - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (1):148-148.
    As Professor Rotenstreich indicates "the purpose of the present analysis is to work out in detail Hegel’s attempted reconciliation of substance and subject." Using the major texts of Hegel, Rotenstreich reveals that the subject precedes the various stages of the dialectic rather than coming at the end of the process. Brought into the analysis is the notion of time which is Hegel’s "stumbling block" in reconciling thought and concept with actuality. In addition, the element of history in the philosophy of (...)
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  50. added 2019-06-06
    The Identify of Indiscernibles and the Concept of Substance.Carl G. Vaught - 1968 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):152-158.
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