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  1. added 2019-01-04
    Review of Ryan Burg, Business Ethics for a Material World: An Ecological Approach to Object Stewardship. [REVIEW]Brian Berkey & Eric W. Orts - 2019 - Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (1):143-146.
  2. added 2018-11-18
    Approaches to the Prevention of Global Catastrophic Risks.Alexey Turchin - 2018 - Human Prospect 7 (2):52-65.
    Many global catastrophic and existential risks (X-risks) threaten the existence of humankind. There are also many ideas for their prevention, but the meta-problem is that these ideas are not structured. This lack of structure means it is not easy to choose the right plan(s) or to implement them in the correct order. I suggest using a “Plan A, Plan B” model, which has shown its effectiveness in planning actions in unpredictable environments. In this approach, Plan B is a backup option, (...)
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  3. added 2018-11-10
    Should We Colonize Other Planets?Adam Morton - 2018 - Cambridge , UK: Polity.
    A critical exposition of plans to colonize other planets , especially Mars, and their costs. The final chapter links with issues about the value and future of human life. See the extended summary uploaded to this site.
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  4. added 2018-10-05
    Les obstacles à l’acceptation de normes nouvelles: l’apport du Principe responsabilité à une éthique de l’environnement.Daniel Schulthess - 2004 - Contrepointphilosophique.
    The article considers the questions posed by environmental ethics in the light of the work of Hans Jonas, especially his work Das Prinzip Verantwortung. Jonas centers his ethic on the concept of responsibility, which finds its expression in the categorical imperative that enjoins us to take into account the future effects of our actions. The specification of this imperative generates a series of problems: 1) given that the specification rests on complex causal chains, it has an hypothetical character; 2) the (...)
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  5. added 2018-10-05
    Contraintes Globales Et Responsabilité Individuelle.Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - In La nature: thèmes philosophiques, thèmes d'actualité - Actes du XXVe Congrès de l'ASPLF, Lausanne, 25-28 août 1994. Lausanne, Genève, Neuchâtel: Cahiers de la Revue de théologie et de philosophie, no.18. pp. p.350-354..
    Is the classical model of action, damage, and responsibility, which is based on the idea that it is always possible to individuate the direct or indirect damages resulting from a certain individual or collective action, still valid in the case of the environmental consequences of industrial production and mass consumption? We argue that the absence of a classical plaintiff in these cases implies that we have to conceive of the consequences of our individual actions (as consumers of industrial goods for (...)
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  6. added 2018-09-29
    Equitable Local Climate Action Planning: Sustainable & Affordable Housing.Andrew Pattison & Jason Kawall - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (1):17-20.
    Despite projected devastating impacts on human communities, the US still lacks comprehensive national policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This vacuum has provided the space for a surge of promising sustainability and climate action planning efforts at the state and local level. Meanwhile, according to the National Low Income Housing Coalition’s (2015) Out of Reach Report, ‘there is no state in the US where a minimum wage worker working full time can afford a one-bedroom apartment at the fair market (...)
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  7. added 2018-09-07
    The Threat of Intergenerational Extortion: On the Temptation to Become the Climate Mafia, Masquerading as an Intergenerational Robin Hood.Stephen M. Gardiner - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (2-3):368-394.
    This paper argues that extortion is a clear threat in intergenerational relations, and that the threat is manifest in some existing proposals in climate policy and latent in some background tendencies in mainstream moral and political philosophy. The paper also claims that although some central aspects of the concern about extortion might be pursued in terms of the entitlements of future generations, this approach is likely to be incomplete. In particular, intergenerational extortion raises issues about the appropriate limits to the (...)
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  8. added 2018-09-07
    The Global Warming Tragedy and the Dangerous Illusion of the Kyoto Protocol.Stephen Gardiner - 2004 - Ethics and International Affairs 18 (1).
    Gardiner insists that the Kyoto agreement, far from being too demanding, does too little to protect future generations.
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  9. added 2018-09-07
    The Pure Intergenerational Problem.Stephen M. Gardiner - 2003 - The Monist 86 (3):481-500.
    The distant future poses a severe moral problem, the nature and extent of which has not yet been adequately appreciated. This paper offers a brief, initial account of this problem and its main features. It also argues (1) that the problem is the main concern of distinctively intergenerational ethics, and (2) that it occurs both in a pure, long-term form manifest across human history and global populations, and also in degenerate forms which apply to shorter time periods and to social (...)
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  10. added 2018-08-10
    Jainism and Environmental Ethics: An Exploration.Piyali Mitra - forthcoming - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.
    In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine some of the key concepts of Jaina religion from an environmental perspective. The paper focuses on Jain’s parasparopagraho jīvānām or interconnectedness. The common concerns between Jainism and environmentalism constituted in a mutual sensitivity towards living beings, a recognition of the interconnectedness of life forms and a programme to augment awareness to respect and protect living systems. The paper will also investigate how ahiṃsā or non-violence is understood in the Jain community (...)
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  11. added 2018-07-15
    De verantwoordelijkheid van de overheid ten aanzien van gedragssturende beleidsinstrumenten voor verduurzaming.Luc Bovens - 2013 - Duurzame Gedragspatronen. Essays. Ethische Aspecten van Gedragsbeinvloeding Door de Overheid Voor Verduurzaming van de Samenleving.
    I discuss ethical aspects of behavioural policies in domestic energy usage, recycling, food waste and transportation.
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  12. added 2018-06-08
    Well-Ordered Science: The Case of GM Crops.Matthew J. Lister - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):127-139.
    The debate over the use of genetically-modified crops is one where the heat to light ratio is often quite low. Both proponents and opponents of GM crops often resort more to rhetoric than argument. This paper attempts to use Philip Kitcher’s idea of a “well-ordered science” to bring coherence to the debate. While I cannot, of course, here decide when and where, if at all, GM crops should be used I do show how Kitcher’s approach provides a useful framework in (...)
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  13. added 2018-05-17
    The Five Horsemen of the Modern World: Climate, Food, Water, Disease, and Obesity. [REVIEW]George J. Aulisio - 2017 - The European Legacy 22 (7-8):865-867.
  14. added 2018-03-05
    How New Climate Science and Policy Can Help Climate Refugees.Justin Donhauser - 2018 - Journal of Ethical Urban Living 2 (1):1-21.
    This paper examines potential responses to emerging ‘climate refugee’ justice issues. ‘Climate refugee’ describes migrants forced to flee their homeland due to losses and damages brought about by events linked to global climate change. These include losses and damages due to extreme weather events, severe droughts and floods, sea-level rise, and an array of pollutant contamination issues. A paradigm case if climate refugeedom is seen in the influx of Peruvian immigrants into various North American cities; seeking asylum after losing access (...)
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  15. added 2018-03-05
    The Dangers of Replacing ‘Adaptation to Climate Change’ with ‘Resilient Solutions’.Justin Donhauser - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (1):34-38.
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  16. added 2018-02-17
    Sustainability, Human Welfare and Ecosystem Health.Bryan Norton - 1992 - Environmental Values 1 (2):97-111.
    Two types of sustainability definitions are contrasted. 'Social scientific' definitions, such as that of the Brundtland Commission, treat sustainability as a relationship between present and future welfare of persons. These definitions differ from 'ecological' ones which explicitly require protection of ecological processes as a condition on sustainability. 'Scientific contextualism' does not follow mainstream economists in their efforts to express all effects as interchangeable units of individual welfare; it rather strives to express sensitivity to different types and scales of impacts that (...)
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  17. added 2018-02-14
    Present Rights for Future Generations.Charlotte Unruh - 2016 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):77-92.
    In this paper, I defend the view that within a rights-based ethical framework, the moral status of future generations is best understood as that of present rightsholders. I argue that in this way it can be justified that we have obligations towards future generations. This justification in turn is of great relevance for many issues in moral theory and applied ethics. In the first part of the paper, I argue that the fact that future persons will have rights in the (...)
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  18. added 2017-10-07
    The Crisis of Intelligibility in Physics and the Prospects of a New Form of Scientific Rationality.Paavo Pylkkänen - 2017 - In Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren (eds.), On the Human Condition: Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright. Acta Philosophica Fennica vol 93. Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland.
  19. added 2017-09-03
    The Ethical Underpinnings of Climate Economics.Adrian Walsh, Säde Hormio & Duncan Purves (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    This book was born out of two interdisciplinary seminars held in 2014. The first one was the Climate Ethics and Climate Economics workshop in April adjoined as part of the European Consortium for Political Research Joint Sessions 2014 in Salamanca. Spurred on by the invigorating discussions, the participants decided to put together more workshops, with Ethical Underpinnings of Climate Economics following in Helsinki in November that same year. Without the organisers of these workshops the collaborators of this book would not (...)
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  20. added 2017-07-31
    From the Protection of Nature to Sustainable Development: The Genesis of an Ethical and Political Oxymoron (Eng. Trans. De la Protection de la Nature au Développement Durable : Genèse d'Un Oxymore Éthique Et Politique, Revue D’Histoire des Sciences, 2012, 65(1):103-142).Donato Bergandi - 2012 - Revue D’Histoire des Sciences 65 (1):103-142.
  21. added 2017-05-12
    Pivotal Cultural Values of Nature Cannot Be Integrated Into the Ecosystem Services Framework.Thomas Kirchhoff - 2012 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109 (46):E3146.
    In a recent issue of PNAS, Daniel et al. (1) attempted to advance the integration of cultural values and cultural ecosystem services (ES) into the ES framework. Although I agree with the authors that cultural values are of eminent importance, I see two flaws in their argument. -/- The range of cultural values correlating to ecological structures and functions is much more limited than they claim. Many cultural values attaching to the natural/cultivated environment cannot be addressed in this way. An (...)
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  22. added 2017-02-28
    The Case Against bGH.Gary Comstock - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):36-52.
    In the voluminous literature on the subject of bovine growth hormone (bGH) we have yet to find an attempt to frame the issue in specifically moral terms or to address systematically its ethical implications. I argue that there are two moral objections to the technology: its treatment of animals, and its dislocating effects on farmers. There are agricultural biotechnologies that deserve funding and support. bGH is not one of them.
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  23. added 2017-02-22
    La justice intergénérationnelle.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - In Gilles Campagnolo & Jean-Sébastien Gharbi (eds.), Philosophie économique. Editions Matériologiques. pp. 215-257.
    Résumé: Ce chapitre porte sur les théories de la justice distributive entre générations. La première partie discute trois défis à la possibilité même de parler d’obligations de justice intergénérationnelle : le problème de la non-existence, le problème de la non-identité, la conclusion répugnante. La deuxième partie discute la justification et la définition des obligations de justice à l’égard des générations futures, à partir de trois théories : le suffisantisme, le welfarisme, le principe de juste épargne de Rawls. Cette discussion conclut (...)
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  24. added 2017-02-15
    Identifying Sustainability Issues for Soymeal and Beef Production Chains.Farahnaz Pashaei Kamali, Miranda P. M. Meuwissen, Imke J. M. De Boer, Hanna Stolz, Ingrid Jahrl, Salvador V. Garibay, Ray Jacobsen, Toon Driesen & Alfons G. J. M. Oude Lansink - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):949-965.
    The expansion of livestock production throughout the world has led to increased demand for high protein animal feed. This expansion has created economic benefits for livestock farmers and other actors in the chain, but also resulted in environmental and social side effects. This study aims to identify a set of sustainability issues that cover the environmental, economic and social dimensions of soymeal and beef production chains. The method applied combines the results of multiple studies, including a literature review and stakeholder (...)
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  25. added 2017-02-14
    Will the Real Sustainability Concept Please Stand Up.J. Cairns - 2004 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 49:52.
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  26. added 2017-02-14
    Education for Sustainable Development: Sustainability as a Frame of Mind.M. Bonnett - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 37 (4):675-690.
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  27. added 2017-02-14
    Understanding Sustainability.H. G. J. Gremmen & J. G. M. Jacobs - unknown
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  28. added 2017-02-14
    Sustainability and the Human Sciences: Instruments or Arguments?P. J. J. Pennartz & A. H. E. Hengel - unknown
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  29. added 2017-02-14
    Sustainability and the Energy Picture: India.C. V. Seshadri - 1993 - In Yash Pal, Ashok Jain & Subodh Mahanti (eds.), Science in Society: Some Perspectives. Gyan Pub. House in Collaboration with National Institute of Science, Technology, and Development Studies. pp. 353.
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  30. added 2017-02-13
    Biomass Fuel and Environmental Sustainability in Agriculture.D. Pimentel - 1995 - In T. B. Mepham, G. A. Tucker & J. Wiseman (eds.), Issues in Agricultural Bioethics. Nottingham University Press. pp. 215--228.
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  31. added 2017-02-13
    Assuring Sustainability of Ecological Economic Systems.Robert Costanza - 1991 - In Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press. pp. 331--343.
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  32. added 2017-02-12
    Space in Form: Fungi Show the Inclusional Path of Natural Sustainability.Alan Dm Rayner - forthcoming - Common Knowledge.
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  33. added 2017-02-12
    How Milk Does the World Good: Vernacular Sustainability and Alternative Food Systems in Post-Socialist Europe. [REVIEW]Diana Mincyte - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (1):41-52.
    Scholarly debates on sustainable consumption have generally overlooked alternative agro-food networks in the economies outside of Western Europe and North America. Building on practice-based theories, this article focuses on informal raw milk markets in post-socialist Lithuania to examine how such alternative systems emerge and operate in the changing political, social, and economic contexts. It makes two contributions to the scholarship on sustainable consumption. In considering semi-subsistence practices and poverty-driven consumption, this article argues for a richer, more critical, and inclusive theory (...)
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  34. added 2017-02-12
    The Invention of Sustainability.Paul Warde - 2011 - Modern Intellectual History 8 (1):153-170.
    This essay attempts something a little peculiar: a study of the genesis of a concept within discourses which did not, in fact, use the word. This is at least true of ???sustainability??? in English. The emergence of the German equivalent, Nachhaltigkeit , which might also be expressed by the idea of ???lasting-ness???, is, however, usually dated to the use of the word nachhalthende by Hanns Carl von Carlowitz in his Sylvicultura oeconomica of 1713, the first great forestry manual of the (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-12
    Symbolism of Sustainability: Means of Operationalizing the Concept.R. Warren Flint - 2010 - Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy 1 (1):T25 - T37.
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  36. added 2017-02-12
    2009 AFHVS Presidential Address: The Steering Question: Challenges to Achieving Food System Sustainability. [REVIEW]Gilbert W. Gillespie Jr - 2010 - Agriculture and Human Values 27 (1):3-12.
    In this address I examine the challenges of achieving food system sustainability. Starting from the position that most people want a food system that is “sustainable” and that we have a great reservoir of unapplied technical knowledge applicable to increasing sustainability, I argue that the big issue is collective decision-making to accomplish the goal of sustainability. Using the metaphor of a sailing ship, I raise three questions about steering collectively toward sustainability: What do we want? What are our options? And, (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-12
    Agriculture, Trade and Sustainability.Libor Grega & Erkan Rehber - 2008 - The European Legacy 13 (4):463-479.
    In recent decades there has been growing concern about the combined undesired consequences of rapid economic growth, based on the free market movement, and developments in science and technology. This concern has placed the sustainable development concept on the world's agenda. The notion of sustainability, which originally referred mostly to the environmental consequences of human activities, along with their economic and social aspects, has been discussed not only at the national and the global levels but also in relation to particular (...)
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  38. added 2017-02-12
    Sustainability and Multifunctionality in French Farms: Analysis of the Implementation of Territorial Farming Contracts. [REVIEW]Mohamed Gafsi, Geneviève Nguyen, Bruno Legagneux & Patrice Robin - 2006 - Agriculture and Human Values 23 (4):463-475.
    Sustainable agriculture and ways to achieve it are important issues for agricultural policy. However, the concept of sustainability has yet to be made operational in many agricultural situations, and only a few studies so far have addressed the implementation process of sustainable agriculture. This paper provides an assessment of the Territorial Farming Contracts (TFC) – the French model for implementing sustainable agriculture – and aims to give some insights into the ways to facilitate the development of sustainable farming. Using a (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-12
    Social Sustainability, Farm Labor, and Organic Agriculture: Findings From an Exploratory Analysis. [REVIEW]Aimee Shreck, Christy Getz & Gail Feenstra - 2006 - Agriculture and Human Values 23 (4):439-449.
    Much of the attention by social scientists to the rapidly growing organic agriculture sector focuses on the benefits it provides to consumers (in the form of pesticide-free foods) and to farmers (in the form of price premiums). By contrast, there has been little discussion or research about the implications of the boom in organic agriculture for farmworkers on organic farms. In this paper, we ask the question: From the perspective of organic farmers, does “certified organic” agriculture encompass a commitment to (...)
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  40. added 2017-02-12
    The Cultural Background of the Sustainability of the Traditional Farming System in the Ghouta the Oasis of Damascus, Syria.Sameer K. Alhamidi, Mats Gustafsson, Hans Larsson & Per Hillbur - 2003 - Agriculture and Human Values 20 (3):231-240.
    This paper discusses thepractical impact of a non-materialistic cultureon sustainable farm management.Two elements are discussed: first, how deeplyrooted religion is in this culture; second,the feasibility of using both human knowledgeand experience, so-called tradition and divineguidance in management. Finally, theimplications of the fusion of these twoelements are drawn. The outcome is thecapability of man to integrate ethical valuesinto decisions and actions. This integration,when applied by skilled farmers, leads to amanagement of natural resources in analtruistic fashion and not merely to economicends. Moreover, (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-12
    Farmers' Definitions, Goals, and Bottlenecks of Sustainable Agriculture in the North-Central Region.Christoffel den Biggelaar & Murari Suvedi - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):347-358.
    Since its inception in 1988, the SAREprogram has sponsored hundreds of projects to exploreand apply economically viable, environmentally sound,and socially acceptable farming systems. Recognizingthat researchers often collaborated with producers andthat producer interest in sustainable agriculture wasincreasing, SARE's North-Central Region began directlyfunding farmers and ranchers in 1992 to test their ownideas on sustainable agriculture. The present articleis based on data from the formative evaluation of thefirst five years (1992 to 1996) of the NCR-SAREProducer Grant Program. The evaluation used acombination of mail (...)
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  42. added 2017-02-12
    Sustainability and Peasant Farming Systems: Observations From Zimbabwe. [REVIEW]B. M. Campbell, P. Bradley & S. E. Carter - 1997 - Agriculture and Human Values 14 (2):159-168.
    Many authors suggest the need to define ‘sustainable development’in operational terms. This paper looks at the problems ofattempting to ask whether peasant farming systems are sustainable.Any attempt at sustainability assessment needs to consider issuesrelated to the selected indicators or performance criteria, spatialscale or boundaries, and temporal scale. While there is certainlya need for more rigorous analysis of sustainability issues, thereis limited outlook for an approach based on indicators. Even if themany purely technical problems associated with specific indicatorscan be surmounted, will (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-12
    Sustainable Agriculture in Michigan: Some Missing Dimensions. [REVIEW]Laura B. DeLind - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (4):38-45.
    Michigan's approach to sustainability does not conflict with its efforts to reindustrialize state agriculture. As currently applied, agricultural sustainability remains a one-dimensional concept tightly focused on the condition of production resources and the larger physical environment. The social and political dimensions of sustainability, by contrast, are conspicuously absent. Using Michigan's ‘livestock initiative’ as a case in point, it is argued that this conceptualization conforms to and reinforces the reindustrialization of agriculture and the existing structure of power within the industry.
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  44. added 2017-02-12
    Sustainability, Economies of Scale, and Social Instability: Achilles Heel of Non-Traditional Export Agriculture?Peter M. Rosset - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (4):30-37.
    In this paper I propose a series of hypotheses for further study that are related to potential negative impacts of non-traditional export agriculture (NTEA) on peasantfarmers in Central America. International lenders and donor agencies are promoting this diversification of agricultural exports as part of structural adjustment programs in the region, in order to increase foreign exchange earnings and raise the incomes of the rural poor.There is growing evidence, however, that the impact on the rural poor may not be favorable. I (...)
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  45. added 2017-02-11
    The Influence of Knowledge and Motivation on Sustainable Label Use.Carmen Valor, Isabel Carrero & Raquel Redondo - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (4):591-607.
    Sustainable labels are considered the best way for consumers to identify brands with environmental or social attributes on the shelves, and therefore promoted as a means to develop the so-called “ethical markets”. However, little is known about how consumers use these brands. This paper tries to offer complementary theoretical insights on the determinants of sustainable label use by drawing on the economic model of information search; in particular, it examines the influence of two factors on the purchase of such labels: (...)
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  46. added 2017-02-11
    Sustainability and Well-Being: The Middle Path to Environment, Society, and the Economy.Asoka Bandarage - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Introduction : environment, society, and the economy -- Environmental, social, and economic collapse -- Evolution of the domination paradigm -- Ecological and social justice movements -- Ethical path to sustainability and well-being.
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  47. added 2017-02-11
    Perspectives on Sustainability Assessment: An Integral Approach to Historical Changes in Social Systems and Water Environment in the Ili River Basin of Central Eurasia, 1900–2008.Tomohiro Akiyama, Jia Li, Jumpei Kubota, Yuki Konagaya & Mitsuko Watanabe - 2012 - World Futures 68 (8):595-627.
    This article proposes an alternative approach in sustainability assessment. The conceptual framework was developed by modifying Ken Wilber's All Quadrants, All Levels (AQAL) approach, and focuses on the inter-relatedness/inter-connection of various perspectives inherent to the concept of sustainability. To look at how our framework can facilitate the practice of sustainability assessment, we apply the framework to examine the relationships between social systems and the environmental changes in the Ili River basin across the period 1900?2008. This approach enables us to investigate (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-11
    Political Perception and Ensemble of Macro Objectives and Measures: The Paradox of the Index for Sustainable Economic Welfare.Rafael Ziegler - 2007 - Environmental Values 16 (1):43-60.
    Macroeconomic measures and objectives inform and structure political perception in large systems of governance. Herman Daly and John Cobb attack the objective and measure of economic growth in For the Common Good. However, their attack is paradoxical: 1) they are in favour of strong sustainability, but construct with the ISEW an index of weak sustainability, and 2) they describe humans as person-in- community, but propose an index based on personal consumption. While the ISEW has attracted much attention, the same cannot (...)
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  49. added 2017-02-11
    Capital Substitutability and Weak Sustainability Revisited: The Conditions for Capital Substitution in the Presence of Risk.Frank Figge - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (2):185 - 201.
    The capital approach is frequently used to model sustainability. A development is deemed to be sustainable when capital is not reduced. There are different definitions of sustainability, based on whether or not they allow that different forms of capital may be substituted for each other. A development that allows for the substitution of different forms of capital is called weakly sustainable. This article shows that in a risky world and a risk-averse society even under the assumptions of weak sustainability the (...)
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  50. added 2017-02-11
    Operationalising Strong Sustainability: Definitions, Methodologies and Outcomes.Begüm Özkaynak, Pat Devine & Dan Rigby - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (3):279-303.
    While acknowledging the absence of a single definition or theory of sustainability, this paper argues that a discussion of sustainability which refers only to definitions is pointless without an understanding of how the definitions are operationalised. In this context, the paper considers the operationalisation of strong sustainability. The definitions and operationalisation of strong sustainability most closely associated with neoclassical environmental economics and ecological economics are discussed and compared. This analysis raises questions about the extent to which ecological economics has been (...)
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1 — 50 / 174