Systems Theory

Edited by Jon Lawhead (University of Southern California)
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  1. A Grand Theory and a Small Social Scientific Community: Niklas Luhmann in Slovenia.Frane Adam, Ivan Bernik & Borut Rončević - 2004 - Studies in East European Thought 57 (1):61-80.
    We analyse the reception of Niklas Luhmanns social metatheory in Slovenian social. The first part outlines the intellectual climate that prevailed in the decade before the post-socialist transition. The decline of the previously dominant Marxist ideology created space for other social theories. Luhmanns ideas were the most prominent among social macro theories in the initial phase. The second part describes variations in the reception of his ideas. The initial affirmative approach was upgraded by a number of more selective and critical (...)
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  2. Paulina Taboada.The General Systems Theory: An Adequate - 2002 - In Paulina Taboada, Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback & Patricia Donohue-White (eds.), Person, Society, and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health. Kluwer Academic.
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  3. Systems Theory and the Problem of Reductionism.Evandro Agazzi - 1978 - Erkenntnis 12 (3):339 - 358.
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  4. Binary Codes and Blurred Distinctions: Comment on Luhmann's `Politics and Economy'.Johann P. Arnason - 1998 - Thesis Eleven 53 (1):15-17.
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  5. Novalis, Marx and Parsons: Niklas Luhmann's Search for Modernity.Johann P. Arnason - 1997 - Thesis Eleven 51 (1):75-90.
    In an essay on `the modernity of modern society', written after the demise of the Soviet model but against the premature triumphalism of mainstream modernization theory, Niklas Luhmann proposes to broaden the perspectives of sociological analysis by drawing on neglected or misunderstood traditions. A re-reading of Marx and a reconstruction of Romantic insights into the modern condition serve to problematize the conventional functionalist account of modernization. But at the same time, Luhmann re-defines the conceptual framework of systems theory in such (...)
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  6. Niklas Luhmann.J. Arnoldi - 2001 - Theory, Culture and Society 18 (1):1-13.
    The article is an introduction to a special section in TCS on the work of Niklas Luhmann. The first part of the article provides a general introduction to Luhmann's work with an emphasis on the basic elements of Luhmann's general systems theory, in particular Luhmann's notions of autopoiesis and meaning, and the traditions on which it is based. The second part of the text is a presentation of the articles in the special section.
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  7. Principles of the Self-Organizing System.W. Ross Ashby - 1962 - In H. Von Foerster & Zopf Jr (eds.), Principles of Self-Organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium. Pergamon Press. pp. 255–278.
  8. Jean Clam, Droit Et Société Chez Niklas Luhmann, La Contingence des Normes. [REVIEW]L. Azoulay - 1999 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 43:471-475.
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  9. Why Systems?D. Baecker - 2001 - Theory, Culture and Society 18 (1):59-74.
    With reference to three seminal books on cybernetics, communication theory and the calculus of distinctions, this article discusses some main threads in Niklas Luhmann's sociological systems theoretical thinking. It argues that the systems theory, despite its still lively reputation in some quarters of the humanities, is not technocracy's last attempt to cope with the complexity of modern society. Rather, it is an inquiry into the improbability of communication and into its translation into social structure, or better, into social form.
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  10. Theorie Als Passion Niklas Luhmann Zum 60. Geburtstag.Dirk Baecker & Niklas Luhmann - 1987
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  11. Emergence, Drop-Back and Reductionism in Living Systems Theory.Kenneth D. Bailey - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (1):29-45.
    Millers Living Systems Theory (LST) is known to be very comprehensive. It comprises eight nested hierarchical levels. It also includes twenty critical subsystems. While Millers approach has been analyzed and applied in great detail, some problematic features remain, requiring further explication. One of these is the relationship between reduction and emergence in LST. There are at least four relevant possibilities. One is that LST exhibits neither clear reductionism nor emergence, but is essentially neutral in this regard. Another is that the (...)
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  12. MODELS AND LOGIC OF SUBJECTIVE REALITY. SUBJECTIVE WORLDS.Alexey Bakhirev - manuscript
  13. Psychological-Level Systems Theory: The Missing Link in Bridging Emotion Theory and Neurobiology Through Dynamic Systems Modeling.Philip Barnard & Tim Dalgleish - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):196-197.
    Bridging between psychological and neurobiological systems requires that the system components are closely specified at both the psychological and brain levels of analysis. We argue that in developing his dynamic systems theory framework, Lewis has sidestepped the notion of a psychological level systems model altogether, and has taken a partisan approach to his exposition of a brain-level systems model.
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  14. Complexity and Intersubjectivity: Towards the Theory of Niklas Luhmann. [REVIEW]John Bednarz - 1984 - Human Studies 7 (3-4):55-69.
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  15. Functional Method and Phenomenology: The View of Niklas Luhmann. [REVIEW]John Bednarz - 1984 - Human Studies 7 (3-4):343-362.
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  16. Niklas Luhmann, Amour Comme Passion. De la Codification de l'Intimité, Traduit de l'Allemand Par Anne-Marie Lionnet, Aubier, 1990, (C 1986), 330 P. Niklas Luhmann, Ecological Communication, Translated by John Bednarz Jr., The University of Chicago Press, 1989, (1986), 187 P.Niklas Luhmann, Amour Comme Passion. De la Codification de l'Intimité, Traduit de l'Allemand Par Anne-Marie Lionnet, Aubier, 1990, (C 1986), 330 P.Niklas Luhmann, Ecological Communication, Translated by John Bednarz Jr., The University of Chicago Press, 1989, (1986), 187 P. [REVIEW]Guy Bellavance - 1991 - Philosophiques 18 (2):177-180.
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  17. Order Within Chaos.P. Berge, Y. Pomeau & C. Vidal - 1987 - Wiley.
  18. Addressing Modernity: Social Systems Theory and U.S. Cultures.Hannes Bergthaller & Carsten Schinko (eds.) - 2011 - Rodopi.
    Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems is one of the most ambitious attempts to create a coherent account of global modernity. Primarily interested in the fundamental structures of modern society, however, Luhmann himself paid relatively little attention to regional variations. The aim of this book is to seek out modernity in one particular location: The United States of America. Gathering essays from a group of cultural and literary scholars, sociologists, and philosophers, Addressing Modernity reassesses the claims of American exceptionalism by (...)
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  19. Dynamic Systems Theory Approach to Consciousness.A. Bielecki, Andrzej Kokoszka & P. Holas - 2000 - International Journal of Neuroscience 104 (1):29-47.
  20. Accelerating Luhmann.O. Bjerg - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (5):49-68.
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  21. Systems Theory and Evolutionary Models of the Development of Science.James A. Blachowicz - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (2):178-199.
    Philosophers of science have used various formulations of the "random mutation--natural selection" scheme to explain the development of scientific knowledge. But the uncritical acceptance of this evolutionary model has led to substantive problems concerning the relation between fact and theory. The primary difficulty lies in the fact that those who adopt this model (Popper and Kuhn, for example) are led to claim that theories arise chiefly through the processes of relatively random change. Systems theory constitutes a general criticism of this (...)
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  22. System and Meaning: Comments on the Work of Niklas Luhmann.J. Bleicher - 1982 - Theory, Culture and Society 1 (1):49-52.
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  23. Niklas Luhmann.Christian Borch - 2011 - Routledge.
    _Niklas Luhmann _offers an accessible introduction to one of the most important sociologists of our time. It presents the key concepts within Luhmann’s multifaceted theory of modern society, and compares them with the work of other key social theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Michel Foucault, and Zygmunt Bauman. The book pays particular attention to introducing and discussing Luhmann’s original sociological systems theory. It presents a thorough investigation into the different phases of his oeuvre, through which both the shifting emphases as (...)
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  24. Hommage À : Niklas LUHMANN.Stéphane Bornhausen - 1999 - Hermes 23:347.
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  25. La Théorie de la Théorie Chez Niklas Luhmann.Stéphane Bornhausen - 1998 - Hermes 22:41.
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  26. Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theoretical Redescription of the Inclusion/Exclusion Debate.Antoon Braeckman - 2006 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):65-88.
    Relying on Niklas Luhmann's systems theoretical redescription of modern society, this article aims at questioning the basic theoretical notions of the ongoing inclusion/exclusion debate. The most remarkable aspect of Luhmann's reassessment of the inclusion/exclusion relationship within functionally differentiated societies is that individuals are basically situated within the exclusion domain of society, and thus cannot but partially be included within society's function systems and organizations. This reassessment not only allows Luhmann to raise fundamental questions with respect to the implicit norm of (...)
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  27. Niklas Luhmann - hermeneutyka różnicy konstytutywnej.J. Brejdak - 2003 - Fenomenologia 1:75-90.
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  28. The Productive Power of Ambiguity: Rethinking Homosexuality Through the Virtual and Developmental Systems Theory.Ann Burlein - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (1):21-53.
    This paper juxtaposes Deleuze's notion of the virtual alongside Oyama's notion of a developmental system in order to explore the promises and perils of thinking bodily identity as indeterminate at a time when new technologies render bodily ambiguity increasingly productive of both economic profit and power relations.
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  29. It Happens by Itself: The Tao of Cooperation, Systems Theory, and Constitutive Hermeneutics.Guy Burneko - 1991 - World Futures 31 (2):139-160.
    (1991). It happens by itself: The Tao of cooperation, systems theory, and constitutive hermeneutics. World Futures: Vol. 31, Cooperation: Toward a Post-Modern Ethic, pp. 139-160.
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  30. Contingencies in Blumenberg and Luhmann.R. Campe - 2012 - Télos 2012 (158):81-99.
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  31. Explorando Caminos Transilustrados Más Allá Del Neopositivismo. Epistemiología Para El Siglo XXI.Marcelo Arnold Cathalifaud & Fernando Robles - 2000 - Cinta de Moebio 7:7.
    This essay proclaims that comprehension of mechanisms which generate knowledge on reality are basically linked to comprehension of social environment. We can say that the reality of the world is autological, that generates its own logic.
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  32. A Complex Systems Theory of Teleology.Wayne Christensen - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (3):301-320.
    Part I [sections 2–4] draws out the conceptual links between modern conceptions of teleology and their Aristotelian predecessor, briefly outlines the mode of functional analysis employed to explicate teleology, and develops the notion of cybernetic organisation in order to distinguish teleonomic and teleomatic systems. Part II is concerned with arriving at a coherent notion of intentional control. Section 5 argues that intentionality is to be understood in terms of the representational properties of cybernetic systems. Following from this, section 6 argues (...)
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  33. Phénoménologie Et Droit Chez Niklas Luhmann. De la Déphénoménologisation de la Sociologie.Jean Clam - 1994 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 39:335-377.
    L'article tente d'abord d'élucider un aspect du rapport de la sociologie systémique luhmannienne à la phénoménologie. Il met en évidence la rupture avec le paradigme phénoménologique de la saisie du sens dans le fonctionnalisme de Luhmann. Il montre ensuite comment la vision classique du droit, imprégnée jusque là de l'empathisme des modèles philosophiques et sociologiques du normatif, s'en trouve ébranlée. Le droit y perd beaucoup de son expressivité et de sa symbolicité. Il se dépolémise.
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  34. Uno Spinoza sistemico: Strumenti per un'interpretazione sistemica del pensiero di Spinoza.Emanuele Costa - 2014 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 106 (3):525-535.
    In this study, I will attempt a comparison between the philosophy of Spinoza (especially his Ethics) and the systemic philosophy. Firstly, I will analyze the systemic specific terminology; then it will be compared with the Spinozian one, and I will suggest a hypothesis in order to translate Spinoza's terms into systemic ones. Of this hypothesis, I will present the strengths and weaknesses, especially about the notion of 'centralization' of a system and about Spinoza's epistemology.
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  35. Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theory as a Challenge for Ethics.Hans-Ulrich Dallmann - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):85-102.
    The author discusses Niklas Luhmann's concept of ethics and morals. Therefore he sketches the main traits of Luhmann's theory of systems (e.g. the terms autopoiesis, system and environment, code and programme). From the system-theoretical point of view, ethics are characterized as the reflexive theory of morals. Morals are described as the communication of regard or disregard. The author shows which consequences follow from this concept by discussing problems concerning several subsystems at the same time. The problems of Luhmann's theory of (...)
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  36. Human Rights Against Collective and Organized Violence: Observed by Niklas Luhmann’s Systems Theory.Klaus Dammann - 2012 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 21 (41):247-263.
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  37. Intentional Systems Theory.Daniel Dennett - 2011 - In Brian McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. Oxford University Press.
  38. Intelligent Design From the Viewpoint of Complex Systems Theory.Chunyu Dong - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (3):461-470.
    Based on an analysis of the origins and characteristics of Intelligent Design, this essay discusses the related issues of probability and irreducible complexity. From the viewpoint of complex systems theory, I suggest that Intelligent Design is not, as certain advocates claim, the only reasonable approach for dealing with the current difficulties of evolutionary biology.
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  39. Fuzzy Sets and Systems: Theory and Applications.Didier DuBois - 1997 - Academic Press.
    / Part INTRODUCTION Fuzziness is not a priori an obvious concept and demands some explanation. "Fuzziness" is what Black (NF) calls "vagueness" when ...
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  40. Discussion: Three Ways to Misunderstand Developmental Systems Theory. [REVIEW]Paul E. Griffiths & Russell D. Gray - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):417-425.
    Developmental systems theory (DST) is a general theoretical perspective on development, heredity and evolution. It is intended to facilitate the study of interactions between the many factors that influence development without reviving `dichotomous' debates over nature or nurture, gene or environment, biology or culture. Several recent papers have addressed the relationship between DST and the thriving new discipline of evolutionary developmental biology (EDB). The contributions to this literature by evolutionary developmental biologists contain three important misunderstandings of DST.
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  41. Luhmann and Emergentism: Competing Paradigms for Social Systems Theory?Dave Elder-Vass - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (4):408-432.
    Social systems theory has been dominated in recent years by the work of Niklas Luhmann, but there is another strand of systems thinking, which is receiving increasing attention in sociology: emergentism. For emergentism, the core problems of systems thinking are concerned with causation and reductionism; for Luhmann, they are questions of meaning and self-reference. Arguing from an emergentist perspective, the article finds that emergentism addresses its own core problem successfully, while Luhmann's approach is incapable of resolving questions of causation and (...)
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  42. Must Complex Systems Theory Be Materialistic?Horace Fairlamb - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (1):1-3.
    So far, the sciences of complexity have received less attention from philosophers than from scientists. Responding to Salthe’s (Found Sci 15, 4(6):357–367, 2010a ) model of evolution, I focus on its metaphysical implications, asking whether the implications of his canonical developmental trajectory (CDT) must be materialistic as his reading proposes.
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  43. Niklas Luhmann et l'opinion publique.Estelle Ferrarrese - 2004 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 116 (1):97.
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  44. Dynamic Systems Theory Places the Scientist in the System.Alan Fogel, Ilse de Koeyer, Cory Secrist & Ryan Nagy - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):623-624.
    Dynamic systems theory is a way of describing the patterns that emerge from relationships in the universe. In the study of interpersonal relationships, within and between species, the scientist is an active and engaged participant in those relationships. Separation between self and other, scientist and subject, runs counter to systems thinking and creates an unnecessary divide between humans and animals.
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  45. Systemics and Cybernetics in a Historical Perspective.Charles Francois - 1999 - Systems Research and Behavioral Science 16 (3):203-219.
  46. Living Systems: Theory and Application.Tage Frandberg - 2001 - Nova Science Publishers.
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  47. In What Sense is the Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy a Measure for Chaotic Behaviour?--Bridging the Gap Between Dynamical Systems Theory and Communication Theory.Roman Frigg - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):411-434.
    On an influential account, chaos is explained in terms of random behaviour; and random behaviour in turn is explained in terms of having positive Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy (KSE). Though intuitively plausible, the association of the KSE with random behaviour needs justification since the definition of the KSE does not make reference to any notion that is connected to randomness. I provide this justification for the case of Hamiltonian systems by proving that the KSE is equivalent to a generalized version of Shannon's (...)
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  48. “What We Have Learnt From Systems Theory About the Things That Nature’s Understanding Achieves”.Philippe Gagnon - 2010 - In Dirk Evers, Antje Jackelén & Taede Smedes (eds.), How do we Know? Understanding in Science and Theology. Forum Scientiarum.
    The problem of knowledge has been centred around the study of the content of our consciousness, seeing the world through internal representation, without any satisfactory account of the operations of nature that would be a pre-condition for our own performances in terms of concept efficiency in organizing action externally. If we want to better understand where and how meaning fits in nature, we have to find the proper way to decipher its organization, and account for the fact that we have (...)
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  49. La Théologie de la Nature Et la Science À l'Ère de L'Information.Philippe Gagnon - 2002 - Éditions du Cerf.
    The history of the relationship between Christian theology and the natural sciences has been conditioned by the initial decision of the masters of the "first scientific revolution" to disregard any necessary explanatory premiss to account for the constituting organization and the framing of naturally occurring entities. Not paying any attention to hierarchical control, they ended-up disseminating a vision and understanding in which it was no longer possible for a theology of nature to send questions in the direction of the experimental (...)
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  50. Exploring Psychological Complexity Through Dynamic Systems Theory: A Complement to Reductionism.Robert M. Galatzer-Levy - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):206-207.
    Dynamic systems theory (DS) provides tools for exploring how simpler elements can interact to produce complex psychological configurations. It may, as Lewis demonstrates, provide means for explicating relationships between two reductionist approaches to overlapping sets of phenomena. The result is a description of psychological phenomena at a level that begins to achieve the richness we would hope to achieve in examining psychological life as it is experienced and explored in psychoanalysis.
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