Technology Ethics

Edited by Hector MacIntyre (University of Lethbridge)
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  1. Lebenswelten Und Technologien.Günter Abel (ed.) - 2007 - Parerga.
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  2. Totipotenz und Potentialität: Zum moralischen Status von Embryonen bei unterschiedlichen Varianten der Gewinnung humaner embryonaler Stammzellen.Johann S. Ach, Bettina Schöne-Seifert & Ludwig Siep - 2006 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1):261-321.
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  3. Klonierung beim Menschen – Biologisches Substrat und Entwicklung.Barbara Advena-Regnery - 2005 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):313-321.
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  4. Scientific–Technological Revolution: A Means of Enhanced Productivity in Human Society.Oseni Taiwo Afisi - unknown
    The history of the modern world has recorded remarkable achievements and progress in the quality of life of people thanks to the developments of science and technology. Although man’s development of science and technology is said to date back to inception of the human society, the tremendous influence of the 18th century industrial revolution first in Europe and later the rest of the world, on the scientific and technological revolution that occurred during the early 1900s cannot be gainsaid. The world (...)
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  5. Developing an Ethical Code for Engineers: The Discursive Approach.J. Aguilar - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):245-256.
    From the Hippocratic Oath on, deontological codes and other professional self-regulation mechanisms have been used to legitimize and identify professional groups. New technological challenges and, above all, changes in the socioeconomic environment require adaptable codes which can respond to new demands. We assume that ethical codes for professionals should not simply focus on regulative functions, but must also consider ideological and educative functions. Any adaptations should take into account both contents and the drafting process itself. In this article we propose (...)
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  6. Ethical Concepts and Future Challenges of Neuroimaging: An Islamic Perspective.Wael K. Al-Delaimy - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):509-518.
    Neuroscience is advancing at a rapid pace, with new technologies and approaches that are creating ethical challenges not easily addressed by current ethical frameworks and guidelines. One fascinating technology is neuroimaging, especially functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Although still in its infancy, fMRI is breaking new ground in neuroscience, potentially offering increased understanding of brain function. Different populations and faith traditions will likely have different reactions to these new technologies and the ethical challenges they bring with them. Muslims are approximately (...)
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  7. Is Biomedical Research Protected From Predatory Reviewers?Aceil Al-Khatib & Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    Authors endure considerable hardship carrying out biomedical research, from generating ideas to completing their manuscripts and submitting their findings and data to a journal. When researchers submit to journals, they entrust their findings and ideas to editors and peer reviewers who are expected to respect the confidentiality of peer review. Inherent trust in peer review is built on the ethical conduct of authors, editors and reviewers, and on the respect of this confidentiality. If such confidentiality is breached by unethical reviewers (...)
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  8. Responsible Conduct of Human Subjects Research in Islamic Communities.Aceil Al-Khatib & Michael Kalichman - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    In order to increase understanding of the ethical implications of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research, the Fogarty International Center, part of the United States National Institutes of Health, established an International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award to support programs in low- and middle-income countries. To develop research ethics expertise in Jordan, the University of California San Diego fellowship program in collaboration with Jordan University of Science and Technology provides courses that enable participants to develop skills in varied research (...)
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  9. Cyber Attacks and Terrorism: A Twenty-First Century Conundrum.Marwan Albahar - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    In the recent years, an alarming rise in the incidence of cyber attacks has made cyber security a major concern for nations across the globe. Given the current volatile socio-political environment and the massive increase in the incidence of terrorism, it is imperative that government agencies rapidly realize the possibility of cyber space exploitation by terrorist organizations and state players to disrupt the normal way of life. The threat level of cyber terrorism has never been as high as it is (...)
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  10. Patents, Innovation, and Privatization.Ramona Albin - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):777-781.
    The framers of the U.S. Constitution believed that intellectual property rights were crucial to scientific advancement. Yet, the framers also recognized the need to balance innovation, privatization, and public use. The courts’ expansion of patent protection for biotechnology innovations in the last 30 years raises the question whether the patent system effectively balances these concerns. While the question is not new, only through a thorough and thoughtful examination of these issues can the current system be evaluated. It is then a (...)
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  11. The University and the Responsible Conduct of Research: Who is Responsible for What? [REVIEW]Katherine Alfredo & Hillary Hart - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):447-457.
    Research misconduct has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, but mainly in terms of definitions and prescriptions for proper conduct. Even when case studies are cited, they are generally used as a repository of “lessons learned.” What has been lacking from this conversation is how the lessons of responsible conduct of research are imparted in the first place to graduate students, especially those in technical fields such as engineering. Nor has there been much conversation about who is responsible for what (...)
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  12. Continuing Medical Education: A Cross Sectional Study on a Developing Country’s Perspective.Syed Arsalan Ali, Shaikh Hamiz ul Fawwad, Gulrayz Ahmed, Sumayya Naz, Syeda Aimen Waqar & Anam Hareem - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):251-260.
    To determine the attitude of general practitioners towards continuing medical education and reasons motivating or hindering them from attending CME procedures, we conducted a cross-sectional survey from November 2013 to April 2014 in Karachi. Three hundred general practitioners who possessed a medical license for practice in Pakistan filled a pre-designed questionnaire consisting of questions pertaining to attitudes towards CME. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS v16.0. 70.3% of the participants were males. Mean age was 47.75 ± 9.47 years. Only (...)
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  13. A Moral Framework for the Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering: Part II.Omar J. Alkhatib - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (6):1617-1641.
    The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad (...)
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  14. An Ethical Framework for Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering–Part I.Omar J. Alkhatib & Alaa Abdou - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):585-606.
    The construction industry is usually characterized as a fragmented system of multiple-organizational entities in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The greatest challenge in the construction process for the achievement of a successful practice is the development of an outstanding reputation, which is built on identifying and applying an ethical framework. This framework should reflect a common ethical ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and (...)
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  15. Are Researchers Willing to Share Their Published Manuscript?Rayan H. M. Alkhawtani, Hugo J. A. Adams & Thomas C. Kwee - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
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  16. A Series Of Reviews Animal-to-Human Transplants: The Ethics Of Xenotransplantation Public Health Concerns Take Center Stage In Nuffield Council On Bioethics.Jonathan Allan - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):486-490.
    Nonhuman primates represent an important reservoir for the transmission of new infectious diseases to humans. While several working groups and international agencies have grappled with the ethics of xenotransplantation, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics have recently published a comprehensive and far-reaching series of recommendations that, while not eliminating the infectious disease risks, have nonetheless detailed the major points for concern and have developed a rational approach to minimizing these risks. This report should serve as the blueprint from which to proceed (...)
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  17. Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases.Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1447-1456.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  18. Biomedical Technology in a Humanistic Culture.Brenda Almond - 1999 - Public Affairs Quarterly 13 (3):229-240.
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  19. On the Philosophical Analysis of Genetic Essentialism.Joseph S. Alper & Jon Beckwith - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):311-314.
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  20. On the Philosophical Analysis of Genetic Essentialism Commentary On: “The Use of Genetic Test Information in Insurance: The Argument From Indistinguishability Reconsidered”.Joseph Alper & Jon Beckwith - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):311-314.
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  21. Doctoral Essays in Computer Ethics Computers in Government: The Need to Consider Ethics.Sheri Alpert - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (2):225-247.
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  22. Medicines Information and the Regulation of the Promotion of Pharmaceuticals.Teresa Leonardo Alves, Joel Lexchin & Barbara Mintzes - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    Many factors contribute to the inappropriate use of medicines, including not only a lack of information but also inaccurate and misleading promotional information. This review examines how the promotion of pharmaceuticals directly affects the prescribing and use of medicines. We define promotion broadly as all actions taken directly by pharmaceutical companies with the aim of enhancing product sales. We look in greater detail at promotion techniques aimed at prescribers, such as sales representatives, pharmaceutical advertisements in medical journals and use of (...)
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  23. Design Regulations and the Idea of Applying Art to Industry in Japan in the Second Half of the 1880's.Yoshinori Amagai - 2007 - Bigaku 58 (3):42-54.
    In 1888 the Japanese government promulgated regulations relating to designs to promote native industry and encourage the development of the idea of applying art to industry. At this time members of the Dragon Pond Society emphasized the significance of the application of art to industry in their articles published in art journals, 'Dai-nippon Bijutsu-shinpo', 'Ryuchi-kai Hokoku' and 'Nihon Bijutsu-kyokai Hokoku'. In 1884 Hirayama Narinobu introduced C. Laboulaye's theory of industrial art and in 1885 Kawase Hideharu gave an explanation of applied (...)
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  24. The Role of Scientific Associations in Promoting Research Integrity and Deterring Research Misconduct.Melissa Anderson & Joseph Shultz - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):269-272.
    The nature of scientific societies’ relationships with their members limits their ability to promote research integrity. They must therefore leverage their strengths as professional organizations to integrate ethical considerations into their ongoing support of their academic disciplines. This paper suggests five strategies for doing so.
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  25. Self-Plagiarism in Academic Publishing: The Anatomy of a Misnomer. [REVIEW]Liviu Andreescu - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):775-797.
    The paper discusses self-plagiarism and associated practices in scholarly publishing. It approaches at some length the conceptual issues raised by the notion of self-plagiarism. It distinguishes among and then examines the main families of arguments against self-plagiarism, as well as the question of possibly legitimate reasons to engage in this practice. It concludes that some of the animus frequently reserved for self-plagiarism may be the result of, among others, poor choice of a label, unwarranted generalizations as to its ill effects (...)
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  26. Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”.Lida Anestidou - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):731-734.
    This case involves invasive research on captive wild populations of birds to study aggressive animal behavior. The case and associated commentaries raise and examine fundamental issues: whether and under what conditions, such research is ethically justified when the research has no expected, direct application to the human species; the moral status of animals and how one balances concern for the animal’s interests against the value of gains in scientific knowledge. They also emphasize the issue of the importance of a thorough (...)
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  27. Unethical Admissions: Academic Integrity in Question.Richard Hannis Ansah, Daniel O. Aikhuele & Liu Yao - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1237-1239.
    The increasing unethical practices of graduates’ admissions have heightened concerns about the integrity of the academy. This article informs this important subject that affects the students, admission systems, and the entire scientific community, thus, representing an approach against scholarly black market activities including falsified documents and unethical practices by consultants and students’ recruitment agencies.
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  28. The Role of Culture and Acculturation in Researchers’ Perceptions of Rules in Science.Alison L. Antes, Tammy English, Kari A. Baldwin & James M. DuBois - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):361-391.
    Successfully navigating the norms of a society is a complex task that involves recognizing diverse kinds of rules as well as the relative weight attached to them. In the United States, different kinds of rules—federal statutes and regulations, scientific norms, and professional ideals—guide the work of researchers. Penalties for violating these different kinds of rules and norms can range from the displeasure of peers to criminal sanctions. We proposed that it would be more difficult for researchers working in the U.S. (...)
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  29. Who Discovered the Binary System and Arithmetic? Did Leibniz Plagiarize Caramuel?J. Ares, J. Lara, D. Lizcano & M. A. Martínez - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):173-188.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is the self-proclaimed inventor of the binary system and is considered as such by most historians of mathematics and/or mathematicians. Really though, we owe the groundwork of today’s computing not to Leibniz but to the Englishman Thomas Harriot and the Spaniard Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz, whom Leibniz plagiarized. This plagiarism has been identified on the basis of several facts: Caramuel’s work on the binary system is earlier than Leibniz’s, Leibniz was acquainted—both directly and indirectly—with Caramuel’s work and (...)
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  30. The Role of Stories in Computer Ethics.John M. Artz - 1998 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 28 (1):11-13.
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  31. Invitation to Speak at a Conference: The Tempting Technique Adopted by Predatory Conferences’ Organizers.Amin Asadi - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-5.
    In recent years, predatory journals, conferences, and publishers have turned to an inevitable threat in scientific publishing. Researchers, regardless of their disciplines, should be aware of these predators and have to be able to recognize them. The main aim of the present paper is to raise awareness about the growing menace of fake invitations to speak at a scientific conference organized by predatory organizers and publishers. Some subtle signs to identify the fake invitations from the authentic ones have been introduced (...)
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  32. Fake/Bogus Conferences: Their Features and Some Subtle Ways to Differentiate Them From Real Ones.Amin Asadi, Nader Rahbar, Mohammad Javad Rezvani & Fahime Asadi - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):779-784.
    The main objective of the present paper is to introduce some features of fake/bogus conferences and some viable approaches to differentiate them from the real ones. These fake/bogus conferences introduce themselves as international conferences, which are multidisciplinary and indexed in major scientific digital libraries. Furthermore, most of the fake/bogus conference holders offer publishing the accepted papers in ISI journals and use other techniques in their advertisement e-mails.
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  33. Science and Socially Responsible Freedom.Andrew Askland - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):343-349.
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  34. Code de la Santé Publique (Nouvelle Partie Législative).France Assemblée Nationale - 2005 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):541-543.
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  35. Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.World Medical Association - 2009 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):233-238.
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  36. The Frequency of Reporting Ethical Issues in Human Subject Articles Published in Iranian Medical Journals: 2009–2013.Astaneh Behrooz & Khani Parisa - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Researchers should strictly consider the participants’ rights. They are required to document such protections as an ethical approval of the study proposal, the obtaining “informed consent”, the authors’ “conflict of interests”, and the source of “financial support” in the published articles. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of reporting ethical issues in human subject articles published in Iranian medical journals during 2009–2013. In this cross-sectional study, we randomly reviewed 1460 human subject articles published in Iranian medical (...)
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  37. From Paper to Practice; Indexing Systems and Ethical Standards.Behrooz Astaneh & Sarah Masoumi - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):647-654.
    Currently one of the main goals of editors is to attain a higher visibility for their journals. On the other hand, authors strive to publish their research in journals indexed in eminent databases such as Scopus, Thompson Reuters’ Web of Science, Medline, etc. Therefore, clarifying the standards of indexing is of great importance. One of the most important issues in publication is the ethical considerations, which are mainly described by organizations, such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and (...)
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  38. Erratum To: World Map of Scientific Misconduct.Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1657-1657.
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  39. World Map of Scientific Misconduct.Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1653-1656.
    A comparative world map of scientific misconduct reveals that countries with the most rapid growth in scientific publications also have the highest retraction rate. To avoid polluting the scientific record further, these nations must urgently commit to enforcing research integrity among their academic communities.
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  40. 'Peer Review' Culture.Malcolm Atkinson - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):193-204.
    A relatively high incidence of unsatisfactory review decisions is widely recognised and acknowledged as ‘the peer review problem’. Factors contributing to this problem are identified and examined. Specific examples of unreasonable rejection are considered. It is concluded that weaknesses of the ‘peer review’ system are significant and that they are well known or readily recognisable but that necessary counter-measures are not always enforced. Careful management is necessary to discount hollow opinion or error in review comment. Review and referee functions should (...)
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  41. Virtue Blindness and Hegemony: Qualitative Evidence of Negotiated Ethical Frameworks in the Social Language of University Research Administration.Timothy N. Atkinson & Diane S. Gilleland - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):195-220.
    The study used critical discourse analysis (CDA) to elucidate normative structures of ethical behavior in university research administration which may be useful for knowledge transference to future studies of research integrity. Research administration appears to support integrity in the research environment through four very strong normative domains: (1) respect for authority structures; (2) respect for institutional boundaries; (3) professionalism; and (4) a strong sense of virtue. The strong norm structure of research administration, however, appears to be threatened by the fifth (...)
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  42. Ethischer Umgang mit Fischen.Eidgenössische Ethikkommission für die Biotechnologie im Ausserhumanbereich - 2016 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 20 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 20 Heft: 1 Seiten: 413-438.
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  43. Handbook of Science and Technology Studies.Ignacio Ayestaran - 1995 - Theoria 10 (2):227-229.
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  44. Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. [REVIEW]Ignacio Ayestaran - 1995 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 10 (2):227-229.
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  45. Promoting Ethics and Integrity in Management Academic Research: Retraction Initiative.Freida Ozavize Ayodele, Liu Yao & Hasnah Haron - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    In the management academic research, academic advancement, job security, and the securing of research funds at one’s university are judged mainly by one’s output of publications in high impact journals. With bogus resumes filled with published journal articles, universities and other allied institutions are keen to recruit or sustain the appointment of such academics. This often places undue pressure on aspiring academics and on those already recruited to engage in research misconduct which often leads to research integrity. This structured review (...)
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  46. Engineering Student’s Ethical Awareness and Behavior: A New Motivational Model.Diana Bairaktarova & Anna Woodcock - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1129-1157.
    Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods (...)
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  47. Engineering Ethics Education: A Comparative Study of Japan and Malaysia.Balamuralithara Balakrishnan, Fumihiko Tochinai & Hidekazu Kanemitsu - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    This paper reports the findings of a comparative study in which students’ perceived attainment of the objectives of an engineering ethics education and their attitude towards engineering ethics were investigated and compared. The investigation was carried out in Japan and Malaysia, involving 163 and 108 engineering undergraduates respectively. The research method used was based on a survey in which respondents were sent a questionnaire to elicit relevant data. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed on the data. The results (...)
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  48. Peer Review: Selecting the Best Science. [REVIEW]Wendy Baldwin & Belinda Seto - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):11-17.
    The major challenge facing today’s biomedical researchers is the increasing competition for available funds. The competitive review process, through which the National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards grants, is built upon review by a committee of expert scientists. The NIH is firmly committed to ensuring that its peer review system is fair and objective.
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  49. Industry, Innovation and Social Values.Dr Harvey E. Bale Jr - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):31-40.
    Remaining important tasks in finding and developing new drugs and vaccines for HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer and other diseases require continued industry research and development. Industry’s research and development pipeline has produced drugs that have saved AIDS victims previously facing certain death, but still no cure nor vaccine is yet available. Experience with the process of research and development indicates that it requires more than a decade of development to produce a new drug with costs in the hundreds of millions of (...)
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  50. Industry, Innovation and Social Values.Harvey E. Bale - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):31-40.
    Remaining important tasks in finding and developing new drugs and vaccines for HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer and other diseases require continued industry research and development. Industry’s research and development pipeline has produced drugs that have saved AIDS victims previously facing certain death, but still no cure nor vaccine is yet available. Experience with the process of research and development indicates that it requires more than a decade of development to produce a new drug with costs in the hundreds of millions of (...)
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