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  1. added 2018-11-06
    On Affect: Function and Phenomenology.Andreas Elpidorou - 2018 - Humana Mente 11 (34):155-184.
    This paper explores the nature of emotions by considering what appear to be two differing, perhaps even conflicting, approaches to affectivity—an evolutionary functional account, on the one hand, and a phenomenological view, on the other. The paper argues for the centrality of the notion of function in both approaches, articulates key differences between them, and attempts to understand how such differences can be overcome.
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  2. added 2018-03-08
    A Unifying Theory of Biological Function.J. H. van Hateren - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (2):112-126.
    A new theory that naturalizes biological function is explained and compared with earlier etiological and causal role theories. Etiological theories explain functions from how they are caused over their evolutionary history. Causal role theories analyze how functional mechanisms serve the current capacities of their containing system. The new proposal unifies the key notions of both kinds of theories, but goes beyond them by explaining how functions in an organism can exist as factors with autonomous causal efficacy. The goal-directedness and normativity (...)
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  3. added 2018-02-16
    The Temporality of Teleology: Against the Narrativity of Action.Theodore R. Schatzki - 2005 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:123-143.
  4. added 2018-01-21
    Review of Biological Autonomy by Alvaro Moreno and Matteo Mossio. [REVIEW]Jason Winning & William Bechtel - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (3):446-452.
  5. added 2017-09-14
    Protosemiosis: Agency with Reduced Representation Capacity.Alexei A. Sharov & Tommi Vehkavaara - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (1):103-123.
    Life has semiotic nature; and as life forms differ in their complexity, functionality, and adaptability, we assume that forms of semiosis also vary accordingly. Here we propose a criterion to distinguish between the primitive kind of semiosis, which we call “protosemiosis” from the advanced kind of semiosis, or “eusemiosis”. In protosemiosis, agents associate signs directly with actions without considering objects, whereas in eusemiosis, agents associate signs with objects and only then possibly with actions. Protosemiosis started from the origin of life, (...)
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  6. added 2017-09-14
    Natural Self-Interest, Interactive Representation, and the Emergence of Objects and Umwelt: An Outline of Basic Semiotic Concepts for Biosemiotics.Tommi Vehkavaara - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):547-586.
    In biosemiotics, life and living phenomena are described by means of originally anthropomorphic semiotic concepts. This can be justified if we can show that living systems as self-maintaining far from equilibrium systems create and update some kind of representation about the conditions of their self-maintenance. The point of view is the one of semiotic realism where signs and representations are considered as real and objective natural phenomena without any reference to the specifically human interpreter. It is argued that the most (...)
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  7. added 2017-09-14
    Why and How to Naturalize Semiotic Concepts for Biosemiotics.Tommi Vehkavaara - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):293-312.
    Any attempt to develop biosemiotics either towards a new biological ground theory or towards a metaphysics of living nature necessitates some kind of naturalization of its semiotic concepts. Instead of standard physicalistic naturalism, a certain kind of semiotic naturalism is pursued here. The naturalized concepts are defined as referring only to the objects of our external experience. When the semiotic concepts are applied to natural phenomena in biosemiotics, there is a risk of falling into anthropomorphic errors if the semiotic concepts (...)
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  8. added 2017-03-19
    Function and Teleology.Justin Garson - 2008 - In Anya Plutynski & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), Companion to Philosophy of Biology. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 525-549.
    This is a short overview of the biological functions debate in philosophy. While it was fairly comprehensive when it was written, my short book ​A Critical Overview of Biological Functions has largely supplanted it as a definitive and up-to-date overview of the debate, both because the book takes into account new developments since then, and because the length of the book allowed me to go into substantially more detail about existing views.
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  9. added 2017-03-10
    Limitations on Applying Peircean Semeiotic. Biosemiotics as Applied Objective Ethics and Esthetics Rather Than Semeiotic.Tommi Vehkavaara - 2006 - Journal of Biosemiotics 1 (1):269-308.
    This paper explores the critical conditions of such semiotic realism that is commonly presumed in the so-called Copenhagen interpretation of biosemiotics. The central task is to make basic biosemiotic concepts as clear as possible by applying C.S. Peirce’s pragmaticist methodology to his own concepts, especially to those that have had a strong influence on the Copenhagian biosemiotics. It appears essential to study what kinds of observation the basic semiotic concepts are derived from. Peirce had two different derivations to the concept (...)
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  10. added 2017-02-15
    The Hiddenness of Psychological Symptom Amplification: Some Historical Observations.Justin Garson - 2016 - In Daniel Moseley & Gary Gala (eds.), Philosophy and Psychiatry: Problems, Intersections, and New Perspectives. New York: Routledge. pp. 29-35.
    This book chapter is a short response to a paper by the psychiatrist Nicholas Kontos, on the phenomenon of psychological symptom amplification (PSA). PSA takes place when patients present symptoms to clinicians that they do not actually have, or, perhaps more commonly, they exaggerate symptoms they do have. Kontos argues that, because of modern medical training, it is very difficult for clinicians to recognize that the patient's presented symptoms are exaggerated or nonexistent. I argue that the hiddenness of PSA is (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-25
    Fixismo e evolução : epistemologia da biologia.Ana Cecília Correia Lima Tripicchio - 2005 - Dissertation, University of Campinas
    http://www.bibliotecadigital.unicamp.br/document/?code=vtls000363614.
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  12. added 2016-12-23
    É legítimo explicar em termos teleológicos na biologia?Ricardo Santos do Carmo, Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2012 - Revista da Biologia 9 (2):28-34.
  13. added 2016-12-08
    G.W. Leibniz, Obiezioni contro la Teoria medica di Georg Ernst Stahl. Sui concetti di anima, vita, organismo.Antonio Nunziante - 2011 - Quodlibet.
    Le Obiezioni contro la Teoria medica di G.E. Stahl, tradotte per la prima volta in italiano, rappresentano un documento di particolare interesse storico-filosofico. Da una parte Georg Ernst Stahl (1659-1734), medico, chimico, fisico, sostenitore di una fisiologia corporea a impronta “vitalista” e dall’altra Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716), genio universale della matematica e della filosofia dell’età barocca. Il fulcro della polemica riguarda la possibilità di capire se e in che misura l’organizzazione meccanica di un corpo organico sia di per se sufficiente (...)
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  14. added 2016-06-23
    A Plea for the Plurality of Function.Tony Cheng - 2016 - Review of Contemporary Philosophy 15:70-81.
    In this paper I defend a pluralistic approach in understanding function, both in biological and other contexts. Talks about function are ubiquitous and crucial in biology, and it might be the key to bridge the “manifest image” and the “scientific image” identified by Sellars (1962). However, analysis of function has proven to be extremely difficult. The major puzzle is to make sense of “time-reversed causality”: how can property P be the cause of its realizer R? For example, “pumping blood” is (...)
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  15. added 2016-05-05
    En Kropslig Kultur Historie - om omverdens relationen".Maria Brincker - 2012 - In E. O. Pedersen & A.-M. S. Christensen (eds.), Mennesket - En Introduktion Til Filosofisk Antropologi. Systime. pp. 197-216.
    This chapter deals with the way our psychology and actions a scaffolded by their environment but also the tensions that can appear between individual and environment, both at the level of biology and culture. The chapter is grounded in an analysis of the early 20th century theoretical biologist Jacob von Uexkull and his notion of "Umwelt" or "surround world". But also raises the question of whether organisms fit their environment as neatly as Uexkull and many later thinkers have proposed or (...)
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  16. added 2016-03-09
    The Mismeasure of Machine: Synthetic Biology and the Trouble with Engineering Metaphors.Maarten Boudry & Massimo Pigliucci - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):660-668.
    The scientific study of living organisms is permeated by machine and design metaphors. Genes are thought of as the ‘‘blueprint’’ of an organism, organisms are ‘‘reverse engineered’’ to discover their functionality, and living cells are compared to biochemical factories, complete with assembly lines, transport systems, messenger circuits, etc. Although the notion of design is indispensable to think about adaptations, and engineering analogies have considerable heuristic value (e.g., optimality assumptions), we argue they are limited in several important respects. In particular, the (...)
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  17. added 2016-01-27
    Morality or "False Consciousness"? How Moral Naturalists Can Answer Thrasymachus's Challenge.Andres Luco - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Research 41:371-400.
    In Book I of Plato’s Republic, Thrasymachus famously maintains that ideas of morality and justice are nothing more than an ideology indoctrinated in “the weaker” to benefit “the stronger.” This is Thrasymachus’s challenge to morality: the thesis that some social arrangements, including some moral norms, are products of ‘false consciousness.’ False consciousness occurs when a dominant social group shapes the beliefs and desires of a subordinate group in such a way that the subordinates act for the benefit of the dominants, (...)
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  18. added 2015-12-28
    The Sixth Meditation: Mind-Body Relation, External Objects, and Sense Perception.Gary Hatfield - 2009 - In Andreas Kemmerling (ed.), René Descartes: Meditationen über die erste Philosophie (Klassiker Auslegen 37). Akademie. pp. 123-146.
    Descartes entitled the Sixth Meditation "The existence of material things, and the real distinction between mind and body." But these topics take up only two paragraphs, about one-third of the way into the Sixth Meditation (which is the longest of the six). The other topics in the Meditation partly pertain to the cognitive faculties that a seeker after knowledge must employ: senses, imagination, and intellect. They also concern the mind–body relation: not only is it to be shown that mind and (...)
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  19. added 2015-09-15
    Design Sans Adaptation.Sara Green, Arnon Levy & William Bechtel - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (1):15-29.
    Design thinking in general, and optimality modeling in particular, have traditionally been associated with adaptationism—a research agenda that gives pride of place to natural selection in shaping biological characters. Our goal is to evaluate the role of design thinking in non-evolutionary analyses. Specifically, we focus on research into abstract design principles that underpin the functional organization of extant organisms. Drawing on case studies from engineering-inspired approaches in biology we show how optimality analysis, and other design-related methods, play a specific methodological (...)
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  20. added 2015-09-08
    ¿ Para qué sirve un ballestrinque? Reflexiones sobre el funcionamiento de artefactos y organismos en un mundo sin funciones.Sergio Balari & Guillermo Lorenzo - 2010 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):57-76.
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  21. added 2015-09-07
    Structure, Function and Purpose.J. F. D. - 1958 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (4):695-695.
  22. added 2015-04-11
    From Aristotle’s Teleology to Darwin’s Genealogy: The Stamp of Inutility, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 (Pdf: Contents, Introduction).Marco Solinas - 2015 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Starting with Aristotle and moving on to Darwin, Marco Solinas outlines the basic steps from the birth, establishment and later rebirth of the traditional view of living beings, and its overturning by evolutionary revolution. The classic framework devised by Aristotle was still dominant in the 17th Century world of Galileo, Harvey and Ray, and remained hegemonic until the time of Lamarck and Cuvier in the 19th Century. Darwin's breakthrough thus takes on the dimensions of an abandonment of the traditional finalistic (...)
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  23. added 2014-12-22
    II. Taylor on the Reduction of Teleological Laws.Joseph Margolis - 1968 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-4):118-124.
  24. added 2014-11-24
    Schopenhauer on the Individuation and Teleology of Intelligible Character.Edward Eugene Kleist - 2010 - Idealistic Studies 40 (1-2):15-26.
    A problem arises in Schopenhauer’s claim that each individual person’s will, or intelligible character, is timeless. The principium individuationis depends upon spatio-temporal determinations governing the world as representation. As individual, one’s individual character would seem to depend upon spatio-temporalconditions. Yet, Schopenhauer adopts the Kantian distinction between empirical character and intelligible character, with the individual’s intelligible characterremaining the timeless Ding-an-sich, or will. In response to this problem, I proceed in four stages. First, I examine why Schopenhauer appropriated the Kantiandistinction between intelligible (...)
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  25. added 2014-11-24
    Limes and Morphe. On the Problem of the Teleology of Philosophical History in the Thinking of Edmund Husserl.M. Roesner - 2005 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 112 (1).
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  26. added 2014-11-24
    Response to Langan's “Egoism and Morality in the Theological Teleology of Thomas Aquinas”.Edmund N. Santurri - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:427-430.
  27. added 2014-11-24
    Teleological Explanation: A Species of Causal Explanation.D. Lynn Holt - 1988 - Philosophical Psychology 1 (3):313-325.
    Abstract The thesis that teleological explanations are best understood as causal explanations is defended (contra Valentine). I shift the focus of debate from behavior simpliciter to allegedly rational behavior. Teleological explanation, in the case of rational agents, involves reason?giving; and the reasons agents give for acting must be causative of that action if those agents are to be rational in practice. I argue initially that to abandon the claim that reasons are causes of action is to abandon that which renders (...)
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  28. added 2014-11-23
    Teleology and the Autonomy of the Semiosis Process.Joseph Ransdell - manuscript
    Since there is no normal pagination on a web page, I assign in lieu of that paragraph numbers, included in brackets and placed flush right, just above the paragraph, for purposes of scholarly reference: they are not in the previously published version above. Apart from that the texts are substantially identical.
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  29. added 2014-11-23
    The Proper Function of Artifacts: Intentions, Conventions and Causal Inferences.Sergio E. Chaigneau & Guillermo Puebla - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):391-406.
    Designers’ intentions are important for determining an artifact’s proper function (i.e., its perceived real function). However, there are disagreements regarding why. In one view, people reason causally about artifacts’ functional outcomes, and designers’ intended functions become important to the extent that they allow inferring outcomes. In another view, people use knowledge of designers’ intentions to determine proper functions, but this is unrelated to causal reasoning, having perhaps to do with intentional or social forms of reasoning (e.g., authority). Regarding these latter (...)
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  30. added 2014-11-23
    The Role of Necessity in Aristotle’s Teleology as Explained by Logical Implication.Giampaolo Abbate - 2012 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 15 (1):1-25.
  31. added 2014-11-23
    Husserl on Teleology and Theology.Roberto J. Walton - 2012 - Estudios de Filosofía 45:81-103.
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  32. added 2014-11-23
    The Teleological Significance of Dreaming in Aristotle.Mor Segev - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 43:107-141.
    In his discussions of dreaming in the Parva Naturalia, Aristotle neither claims nor denies that dreams serve a natural purpose. Modern scholarship generally interprets dreaming as useless and teleologically irrelevant for him. I argue that Aristotle's teleology permits certain types of dream to have a natural role in end-directed processes. Dreams are left-overs from waking experience, but they may, like certain bodily residues, be used by nature, which does ‘nothing in vain’ and makes use of available resources, for the benefit (...)
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  33. added 2014-11-23
    Slaves, Women, and Aristotle's Natural Teleology.Joseph Karbowski - 2012 - Ancient Philosophy 32 (2):323-350.
  34. added 2014-11-23
    Teleology in Samuel Johnson's Rasselas.Chance David Pahl - 2012 - Renascence 64 (3):221-232.
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  35. added 2014-11-23
    Quantum Mechanics and Teleology.S. J. Richard J. Pendergast - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (2):271-278.
  36. added 2014-11-23
    Review Symposium: The Fremdling of Teleology, Or: On Roger Smith's Being Human Roger Smith, Being Human: Historical Knowledge and the Creation of Human Nature. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2007. Viii + 288 Pp. ISBN 978-0-7190-7498-1. [REVIEW]Angus Nicholls - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (5):194-201.
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  37. added 2014-11-23
    Eschatology Versus Teleology : The Suspended Dialogue Between Derrida and Althusser.Étienne Balibar - 2009 - In Pheng Cheah & Suzanne Guerlac (eds.), Derrida and the Time of the Political. Duke University Press.
  38. added 2014-11-23
    The Role of Teleology in the Moral Species.Steven J. Jensen - 2009 - Review of Metaphysics 63 (1):3-27.
  39. added 2014-11-23
    Book Review. Teleological Realism. Scott Sehon. [REVIEW]Carl Ginet - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):736–740.
  40. added 2014-11-23
    Epoché and Teleology.Shojiro Kotegawa - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 19:41-48.
    In Husserl’s phenomenology, there are two essential moments; one is the Epoché which makes the phenomenology possible, the other is the teleology of science which directs it to its own goal (telos). The former, later appeared in Husserl’s text, does not seem quite consistent with the latter – on the contrary, theseseem so exclusive that a question arises as to whether Husserl could reconcile Epoché with teleology consistently claimed from the beginning of his career. My aim in this paper is (...)
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  41. added 2014-11-23
    Critique of Teleology in Kant and Dworkin: The Law Without Organs (Lwo).Alexandre Lefebvre - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (2):179-201.
    Kant proposes a unique and necessary presupposition of our faculty of judgment. Empirical nature, together with its diverse laws, must be judged as if it were a coherent unity. In a teleological judgment, we add that nature must be judged as if it were purposively designed for our faculty of judgment. In this article, I argue that Kant's insights on reflective teleological judgment - the least commentedupon element of the Critical philosophy - are adopted by Dworkin towards a philosophy of (...)
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  42. added 2014-11-23
    The Missing Link Revisited: The Role of Teleology in Representing Legal Argument. [REVIEW]T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):79-94.
    In this paper I recapitulate the ideas of Berman and Hafner (1993) regarding the role of teleology in legal argument. I show how these ideas can be used to address some issues arising from more recent work on legal argument, and how this relates to ideas associated with the New Rhetoric of Perelman. I illustrate the points with a discussion of the classic problem of which vehicles should be allowed in parks.
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  43. added 2014-11-23
    Sensible Ends: Latent Teleology in Descartes' Account of Sensation.Alison J. Simmons - 2001 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (1):49-75.
  44. added 2014-11-23
    Atheistic Teleology.Scott A. Shalkowski - 2001 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):5-19.
    Wesley Salmon and Michael Martin argue that scientific considerations about the order in the universe justify atheism. After sketching Salmon’s argument, I examine the nature of begging the question and argue that Martin takes a sufficient condition of that fallacy to be a necessary condition. After a pragmatic account to the fallacy is recommended, I point out how Salmon’s and Martin’s beg the question against all save those who already adhere to atheism and that the crucial considerations that they take (...)
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  45. added 2014-11-23
    On Dennis Des Chene's.Stephen Philip Menn - 2000 - Perspectives on Science 8 (2).
    : Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought reconstructs the discourse of late scholastic natural philosophy, and assesses Descartes' agreements and disagreements. In a critical discussion, I offer a different interpretation of late scholastic theories of final causality and of God's concursus with created efficient causes. Fonseca's and Suárez' conceptions of final causality in nature depend on their claim that a single action can be the action of two agents at once--in particular, of God and (...)
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  46. added 2014-11-23
    Is There an Unrecognized Teleology in Hume's Analysis of Causation?Joseph F. Rychlak - 1998 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):52-60.
    D. Hume's analysis of causation is critically analyzed in light of certain assumptions that he made regarding the classical Aristotelian causes. Using his widely cited analysis of billiard balls colliding and moving about as an example of how efficient causation is supposedly learned, the argument is made that Hume has overlooked the functioning of final causation in this learning. Thus, in order to understand how a learner might reason back from the presumed "effect" to the "cause" in efficient causation, we (...)
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  47. added 2014-11-23
    Species-Being, Teleology and Individuality Part III: Alienation and Self-Realisation the Physiognomy of the Human.Stephen Mulhall - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (1):89 – 100.
    (1998). Species‐being, teleology and individuality part III: Alienation and self‐realisation the physiognomy of the human. Angelaki: Vol. 3, Impurity, authenticity and humanity, pp. 89-100.
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  48. added 2014-11-23
    Species-Being, Teleology and Individuality Part I: Marx on Species-Being.Stephen Mulhall - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (1):9 – 27.
  49. added 2014-11-23
    Species-Being, Teleology and Individuality Part II: Kant on Human Nature.Stephen Mulhall - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (1):49 – 58.
  50. added 2014-11-23
    Rawls: Teleology or Perfect Procedural Justice.Alicia Juarrero - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (2):127-138.
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