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1 — 50 / 194
  1. added 2020-05-16
    Retweeting: Its Linguistic and Epistemic Value.Neri Marsili - forthcoming - Synthese.
    This paper analyses the communicative and epistemic value of retweeting (and more generally of reposting content on social media). Against a naïve view, it argues that retweets are not acts of endorsement, motivating this diagnosis with linguistic data. Retweeting is instead modelled as a peculiar form of quotation, in which the reported content is indicated rather than reproduced. A relevance-theoretic account of the communicative import of retweeting is then developed, to spell out the complex mechanisms by which retweets achieve their (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-11
    Should I Say That? An Experimental Investigation of the Norm of Assertion.Neri Marsili & Alex Wiegmann - manuscript
    Assertions are our standard communicative tool for sharing and acquiring information. Recent empirical studies seemingly provide converging evidence that assertions are subject to a factive norm: you are entitled to assert a proposition p only if p is true. All these studies, however, assume that we can treat participants' judgments about what an agent 'should say' as evidence of their intuitions about assertability. This paper argues that this assumption is incorrect, so that the conclusions drawn in these studies are unwarranted. (...)
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  3. added 2020-02-13
    Relativism, Disagreement and Testimony.Alexander Dinges - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):497-519.
    This article brings together two sets of data that are rarely discussed in concert; namely, disagreement and testimony data. I will argue that relativism yields a much more elegant account of these data than its major rival, contextualism. The basic idea will be that contextualists can account for disagreement data only by adopting principles that preclude a simple account of testimony data. I will conclude that, other things being equal, we should prefer relativism to contextualism. In making this comparative point, (...)
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  4. added 2020-01-30
    Being in a Position to Know is the Norm of Assertion.Christopher Willard-Kyle - forthcoming - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    This paper defends a new norm of assertion: Assert that p only if you are in a position to know that p. We test the norm by judging its performance in explaining three phenomena that appear jointly inexplicable at first: Moorean paradoxes, lottery propositions, and selfless assertions. The norm succeeds by tethering unassertability to unknowability while untethering belief from assertion. The PtK‐norm foregrounds the public nature of assertion as a practice that can be other‐regarding, allowing asserters to act in the (...)
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  5. added 2020-01-12
    Reliabilism and the Testimony of Robots.Billy Wheeler - forthcoming - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology.
    We are becoming increasingly dependent on robots and other forms of artificial intelligence for our beliefs. But how should the knowledge gained from the "say-so" of a robot be classified? Should it be understood as testimonial knowledge, similar to other ways I learn from being told by another person? Or should it be understood as a form of instrument-based knowledge, such as that gained from a calculator or a sundial? There is more at stake here than terminology, for how we (...)
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  6. added 2019-10-29
    Testimony, Understanding, and Art Criticism.Allan Hazlett - forthcoming - In Christy Mag Uidhir (ed.), Philosophy and Art: New Essays at the Intersection. Oxford University Press.
    I present a puzzle – the “puzzle of aesthetic testimony” – along with a solution to it that appeals to the impossibility of testimonial understanding. I'll criticize this solution by defending the possibility of testimonial understanding, including testimonial aesthetic understanding.
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  7. added 2019-10-14
    Counterexamples to Testimonial Transmission.Peter Graham & Zachary Bachman - 2019 - In Miranda Fricker, Peter Graham, David Henderson & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 61-77.
    Commonsense holds that testimony transfers knowledge from a speaker to the hearer. If the speaker has knowledge, then the hearer acquires it. Call that sufficiency. And a hearer acquires knowledge only if the speaker has it to transfer. Call that necessity. This article reviews counterexamples--and some replies to those counterexamples--to both claims.
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  8. added 2019-09-19
    Testimony, Epistemic Egoism, and Epistemic Credit.Jason Kawall - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    It is generally acknowledged that testifiers can play a central role in the production of knowledge and other valuable epistemic states in others. But does such a role warrant any form of epistemic credit and is an agent more successful qua epistemic agent insofar as she is a successful testifier? I here propose an affirmative answer to both questions. The core of the current paper consists in a sustained defence of this proposal against a series of objections. I further argue (...)
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  9. added 2019-07-10
    On Greco on Transmission.Alejandro Pérez Carballo - 2016 - Episteme 13 (4):499-505.
    Greco wants to understand the difference between knowledge generation and transmission. Doing so, he argues, will show that there are substantively different norms governing the two types of knowledge acquisition. I offer an alternative way of cashing out the difference between transmission and generation in non-normative terms.
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  10. added 2019-06-17
    Internalism and Pessimism.Casey Doyle - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (2):189-209.
    Motivational Internalism is the thesis that, necessarily, moral beliefs are accompanied by motivational states. It is plausible to suppose that while another’s testimony might transmit information and justification, it can’t transmit motivational states such as moral emotions. Thus, Internalism provides a compelling explanation of “Pessimism”, the view that there is something illicit about forming moral beliefs by testimony. This paper presents a nonconstitutive reading of the Internalist thesis and then argues that it supports Pessimism in the form of a defeasible (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    II—Moral Testimony Pessimism: A Defence.Roger Crisp - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):129-143.
    This paper defends moral testimony pessimism, the view that there is something morally or epistemically regrettable about relying on the moral testimony of others, against several arguments in Lillehammer. One central such argument is that reliance on testimony is inconsistent with the exercise of true practical wisdom. Lillehammer doubts whether such reliance is always objectionable, but it is important to note that moral testimony pessimism is best understood as a view about the pro tanto, rather than the overall, badness of (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Narrative Testimony in Kierkegaard and Rowling: Fidelity as the Basic Criterion in Substitutionary Atonement.William D. Buhrman - 2011 - Renascence 63 (4):273-286.
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Testing Testimony: Toxicology and the Law of Evidence in Early Nineteenth-Century England.Ian A. Burney - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):289-314.
    This essay’s principal objective is to examine how, when confronted with a case of possible criminal poisoning, early nineteenth-century English toxicologists sought to generate and to represent their evidence in the courtroom. Its contention is that in both these activities toxicologists were inextricably engaged in a complex communicative exercise. On the one hand, they distanced themselves from the instabilities of language, styling themselves as testifiers to fact alone. But at the same time, they saw themselves as deeply implicated in the (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Introduction: Animal Beliefs, Concepts, and Communication.Achim Stephan - 1999 - Erkenntnis 51 (1):505-510.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Testimony and Intersubjectivity: A Process-Oriented Approach to Revelation.Joseph A. Bracken - 1987 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (1):35-43.
    Following a brief examination of some remarks by Paul Ricoeur on the notion of testimony. I provide the outline or an analysis of revelation based upon certain key concepts of process philosophy. This is followed by a more specific interpretation within the context of Whitehead’s philosophy of process.
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    GOLDBERG, Wonder of Words.Rose Gummere - 1939 - Classical Weekly 33 (1):7.
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  17. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Testimony: Talking Ourselves Into Being ChristianTestimony: Talking Ourselves Into Being ChristianbyLongThomas G.Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, 2004. 179 Pp. $21.95. ISBN 0-7879-6832-3. [REVIEW]Frances Taylor Gench - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (2):221-221.
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  18. added 2019-06-05
    Rethinking Holocaust Testimony: The Making and Unmaking of the Witness: Testimony: Crises of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis, and History. Shoshana Felman, Dori Laub.Sara R. Horowitz - 1992 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 4 (1):45-68.
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  19. added 2019-04-04
    Testimonial Worth.Andrew Peet - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    This paper introduces and argues for the hypothesis that judgments of testimonial worth (that is, judgments of the quality of character an agent displays when testifying)are central to our practice of normatively appraising speech. It is argued that judgments of testimonial worth are central both to the judgement that an agent has lied, and to the acceptance of testimony. The hypothesis that, in lying, an agent necessarily displays poor testimonial worth, is shown to resolve a new puzzle about lying, and (...)
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  20. added 2019-03-26
    On the Special Insult of Refusing Testimony.Allan Hazlett - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (sup1):37-51.
    In this paper, I defend the claim, made by G. E. M. Anscombe and J. L. Austin, that you can insult someone by refusing her testimony. I argue that refusing someone’s testimony can manifest doubt about her credibility, which in the relevant cases is offensive to her, given that she presupposed her credibility by telling what she did. I conclude by sketching three applications of my conclusion: to the issue of valuable false belief, to the issue of testimonial injustice, and (...)
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  21. added 2019-03-12
    You Will Respect My Authoritah!? A Reply to Botting.Moti Mizrahi - 2019 - Informal Logic 39 (1):106-122.
    In a paper and a reply to critics published in _Informal Logic_, I argue that arguments from expert opinion are weak arguments. To appeal to expert opinion is to take an expert’s judgment that _p_ is the case as evidence for _p_. Such appeals to expert opinion are weak, I argue, because the fact that an expert judges that _p_ does not make it significantly more likely that _p_ is true or probable, as evidence from empirical studies on expert performance (...)
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  22. added 2019-01-31
    A Critical Introduction to Testimony, by Axel Gelfert: London: Bloomsbury, 2014, Pp. Vi + 257, £22.99.David Coady - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):837-838.
  23. added 2019-01-31
    Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief.Jeremy Wanderer - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (5):771-775.
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  24. added 2019-01-29
    A Dilemma for Saulish Skepticism: Either Self-Defeating or Not Even Skepticism.Samuel Director - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (48):43-55.
    Jennifer Saul argues that the evidence from the literature on implicit biases entails a form of skepticism. In this paper, I argue that Saul faces a dilemma: her argument is either self-defeating, or it does not yield a skeptical conclusion. For Saul, both results are unacceptable; thus, her argument fails.
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  25. added 2019-01-26
    Aufklärung Durch Die Klimawissenschaften. Worüber Und Wozu?Jens Gillessen - 2018 - In Rainer Enskat & Oliver Scholz (eds.), Wissenschaft und Aufklärung / Science and Enlightenment. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. pp. 127-148.
    The issue of climate change provides a drastic example of the importance, but also the precariousness of public trust in science. Climate science almost unanimously warns that global warming requires governments to effectively pursue long-term agendas of mitigation, adaptation and compensation without further delay. In democracy, however, this requires of citizens a long-term commitment to prioritizing the issue of climate change in their voting decisions. Recent developments prove such prioritizing unlikely as long as scientists think of themselves primarily as political (...)
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  26. added 2018-11-16
    Epistemically Pernicious Groups and the Groupstrapping Problem.Kenneth Boyd - 2018 - Social Epistemology 33 (1):61-73.
    Recently, there has been growing concern that increased partisanship in news sources, as well as new ways in which people acquire information, has led to a proliferation of epistemic bubbles and echo chambers: in the former, one tends to acquire information from a limited range of sources, ones that generally support the kinds of beliefs that one already has, while the latter function in the same way, but possess the additional characteristic that certain beliefs are actively reinforced. Here I argue, (...)
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  27. added 2018-11-02
    Transformative Experiences and Reliance on Moral Testimony.Elizabeth Harman - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):323-339.
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  28. added 2018-11-02
    Evidence-Based Medical Knowledge: The Neglected Role of Expert Opinion.Jeannette Hofmeijer - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):803-808.
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  29. added 2018-11-02
    The Epistemology of Religious Testimony.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2013 - Philo 16 (1):95-111.
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  30. added 2018-11-02
    From Testimony to History A Surprising Path for Meeting Chesterton.Vittoria Fiorelli - 2013 - The Chesterton Review 39 (3/4):355-356.
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  31. added 2018-11-02
    Commentary: Trauma and Testimony: Between Law and Discipline.Veena Das - 2007 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 35 (3):330-335.
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  32. added 2018-11-02
    Imwinkelried's Argument for Normative Ethical Testimony.David W. Barnes - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):234-241.
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  33. added 2018-11-02
    Survivor or Expert? Some Thoughts on Being Both.Gill de la Cour - 2002 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Donna Dickenson & Thomas H. Murray (eds.), Healthcare Ethics and Human Values: An Introductory Text with Readings and Case Studies. Blackwell.
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  34. added 2018-11-02
    Argument Against Ethicists' Testimony Logically Flawed.T. Patrick Hill - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (4_suppl):4-5.
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  35. added 2018-11-02
    Expert Testimony by Persons Trained in Ethical Reasoning: The Case of Andrew Sawatzky.Françoise Baylis - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):224-231.
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  36. added 2018-11-02
    Rebuttal: Expert Ethics Testimony.Françoise Baylis - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):240-242.
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  37. added 2018-11-02
    Geheimnistrager - the Secret Bearers Testimony - Partner of Silence.Ruth Golan - 1998 - Analysis (Australian Centre for Psychoanalysis) 8:122.
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  38. added 2018-11-02
    The Influence of the Wording of Interrogatives on the Accuracy of Eyewitness Recollections.Janet Davis & H. R. Schiffman - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (4):394-396.
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  39. added 2018-11-02
    Eyewitness Accuracy: A General Observational Skill?Robert Boice, C. Patricia Hanley, Peter Shaughnessy & David Gansler - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (4):193-195.
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  40. added 2018-11-02
    Misrecognition and Knowledge.James G. Carrier - 1979 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-4):321 – 342.
    Explanation and knowledge have traditionally been guided by and judged in terms of the ideal of the neutral reflection of reality. Kuhn's work on the sciences, and Bourdieu's and Kenneth Burke's discussions of knowledge and society, suggest that this ideal and the implicit epistemology that goes with it are in error. Their writings suggest instead that such an ideal masks the inadequacy of its own implicit epistemology by misrecognizing the effects of that inadequacy. That is, their writings suggest a sort (...)
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  41. added 2018-11-02
    Chapter 7. The Peace Testimony of the Early American Moravians: An Ambiguous Witness.Peter Brock - 1969 - In Pacifism in the United States: From the Colonial Era to the First World War. Princeton University Press. pp. 285-330.
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  42. added 2018-11-02
    Chapter 8. The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1783-1861.Peter Brock - 1969 - In Pacifism in the United States: From the Colonial Era to the First World War. Princeton University Press. pp. 333-388.
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  43. added 2018-11-02
    Chapter 21. The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1865-1914.Peter Brock - 1969 - In Pacifism in the United States: From the Colonial Era to the First World War. Princeton University Press. pp. 869-888.
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  44. added 2018-09-20
    Echo Chambers and Epistemic Bubbles.C. Thi Nguyen - forthcoming - Episteme:1-21.
    Recent conversation has blurred two very different social epistemic phenomena: echo chambers and epistemic bubbles. Members of epistemic bubbles merely lack exposure to relevant information and arguments. Members of echo chambers, on the other hand, have been brought to systematically distrust all outside sources. In epistemic bubbles, other voices are not heard; in echo chambers, other voices are actively undermined. It is crucial to keep these phenomena distinct. First, echo chambers can explain the post-truth phenomena in a way that epistemic (...)
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  45. added 2018-09-16
    Expertise and the Fragmentation of Intellectual Autonomy.C. Thi Nguyen - 2018 - Philosophical Inquiries 6 (2):107-124.
    In The Great Endarkenment, Elijah Millgram argues that the hyper-specialization of expert domains has led to an intellectual crisis. Each field of human knowledge has its own specialized jargon, knowledge, and form of reasoning, and each is mutually incomprehensible to the next. Furthermore, says Millgram, modern scientific practical arguments are draped across many fields. Thus, there is no person in a position to assess the success of such a practical argument for themselves. This arrangement virtually guarantees that mistakes will accrue (...)
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  46. added 2018-08-24
    Towards Social Accounts of Testimonial Asymmetries.Allan Hazlett - 2017 - Noûs 51 (1):49–73.
  47. added 2018-08-06
    The Epistemic Value of Expert Autonomy.Finnur Dellsén - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (2):344-361.
    According to an influential Enlightenment ideal, one shouldn't rely epistemically on other people's say-so, at least not if one is in a position to evaluate the relevant evidence for oneself. However, in much recent work in social epistemology, we are urged to dispense with this ideal, which is seen as stemming from a misguided focus on isolated individuals to the exclusion of groups and communities. In this paper, I argue that that an emphasis on the social nature of inquiry should (...)
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  48. added 2018-07-17
    We Cannot Infer by Accepting Testimony.Ulf Hlobil - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (10):2589-2598.
    While we can judge and believe things by merely accepting testimony, we cannot make inferences by merely accepting testimony. A good theory of inference should explain this. The theories that are best suited to explain this fact seem to be theories that accept a so-called intuitional construal of Boghossian’s Taking Condition.
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  49. added 2018-04-26
    Don't Take My Word for It: On Beliefs, Affects, Reasons, Values, Rationality, and Aesthetic Testimony.Daniel Whiting - 2017 - In Paul Noordhof, Ema Sullivan-Bissett & Helen Bradley (eds.), Art and Belief. Oxford University Press.
    Aesthetic testimony is not a source of knowledge; it is not even a source of rational belief. If, for example, Holly tells Harry that Wim Wenders’ Paris, Texas is good, Harry cannot come to know or rationally believe that the film is good on the basis of Holly’s testimony alone. This chapter outlines a novel argument for this view, one which serves also to explain it. That argument appeals to four principles connecting rationality and reasons, reasons and values, belief and (...)
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  50. added 2018-04-23
    Disability and First-Person Testimony.Hilary Yancey - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):141-151.
    It is widely agreed that first-person testimony is a good source of evidence, including testimony about the contents of mental states unobservable to others. Thus we generally think that an individual’s testimony is a good source of evidence about her wellbeing—after all, she experiences her quality of life and we don’t. However, some have argued that the first-person testimony of disabled individuals regarding their wellbeing is defeated: regardless of someone’s claim about how disability affects her overall wellbeing, other evidence about (...)
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