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  1. A Priori Concepts in Euclidean Proof.Peter Fisher Epstein - forthcoming - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
    With the discovery of consistent non-Euclidean geometries, the a priori status of Euclidean proof was radically undermined. In response, philosophers proposed two revisionary interpretations of the practice: some argued that Euclidean proof is a purely formal system of deductive logic; others suggested that Euclidean reasoning is empirical, employing concepts derived from experience. I argue that both interpretations fail to capture the true nature of our geometrical thought. Euclidean proof is not a system of pure logic, but one in which our (...)
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  2. What a Maker’s Knowledge Could Be.Luciano Floridi - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):465-481.
    Three classic distinctions specify that truths can be necessary versus contingent,analytic versus synthetic, and a priori versus a posteriori. The philosopher reading this article knows very well both how useful and ordinary such distinctions are in our conceptual work and that they have been subject to many and detailed debates, especially the last two. In the following pages, I do not wish to discuss how far they may be tenable. I shall assume that, if they are reasonable and non problematic (...)
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  3. Virtue, Intuition, and Philosophical Methodology.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2013 - In John Turri (ed.), Virtuous Thoughts: Essays on the Philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Springer. pp. 1-20.
    This chapter considers Ernest Sosa’s contributions to philosophical methodology. In Section 1, Sosa’s approach to the role of intuitions in the epistemology of philosophy is considered and related to his broader virtue-theoretic epistemological framework. Of particular focus is the question whether false or unjustified intuitions may justify. Section 2 considers Sosa’s response to sceptical challenges about intuitions, especially those deriving from experimental philosophy. I argue that Sosa’s attempt to attribute apparent disagreement in survey data to difference in meaning fails, but (...)
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  4. On the Obvious.Robin Jeshion - 2000 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):333-355.
    Infallibilism about a priori justification is the thesis that for an agent A to be a priori justified in believing p, that which justifies A's belief that p must guarantee the truth of p. No analogous thesis is thought to obtain for empirically justified beliefs. The aim of this article is to argue that infallibilism about the a priori is an untenable philosophical position and to provide theoretical understanding why we not only can be, but rather must be, a priori (...)
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  5. Not Knowing a Cat is a Cat: Analyticity and Knowledge Ascriptions.J. Adam Carter, Martin Peterson & Bart van Bezooijen - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (4):817-834.
    It is a natural assumption in mainstream epistemological theory that ascriptions of knowledge of a proposition p track strength of epistemic position vis-à-vis p. It is equally natural to assume that the strength of one’s epistemic position is maximally high in cases where p concerns a simple analytic truth. For instance, it seems reasonable to suppose that one’s epistemic position vis-à-vis “a cat is a cat” is harder to improve than one’s position vis-à-vis “a cat is on the mat”, and (...)
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  6. The A Priori in Physical Theory.Roderick M. Chisholm & Arthur Pap - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55 (5):594.
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  7. What Can We Know a Priori?Carrie Jenkins - unknown
    Michael Devitt has been developing an influential two-pronged attack on the a priori for over thirteen years. This attack does not attempt to undermine the coherence or significance of the distinction between the a priori and the a posteriori, but rather to answer the question: 'What Can We Know A Priori?' with: 'Nothing'. In this paper I explain why I am dissatisfied with key extant responses to Devitt's attack, and then take my own steps towards resisting the attack as it (...)
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  8. Is Logic A Priori?Otávio Bueno - 2010 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):105-117.
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  9. Fading Foundations En Het Conditioneel a Priori.Victor Gijsbers - 2015 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 107 (2):179-183.
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  10. A Priori Truth.Tamara Horowitz - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (5):225.
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  11. IX.—The Linguistic Theory of a Priori Propositions.A. C. Ewing - 1940 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 40 (1):207-244.
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  12. Comments on A. Casullo’s Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification.Christopher Pincock - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (6):1687-1694.
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  13. What is the a Priori, That Thou Art Mindful of It?: A Comment on Albert Casullo, Essays on a Priori Justification and Knowledge.Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (6):1695-1703.
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  14. The Possibility of Knowledge.Quassim Cassam (ed.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    How is knowledge of the external world possible? How is knowledge of other minds possible? How is a priori knowledge possible? These are all examples of how-possible questions in epistemology. In this highly original book Quassim Cassam explains how such questions arise and how they should be answered.
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  15. Hill on Epistemology.Matthew McGrath - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (3):841-849.
  16. The Constitutive a Priori and the Distinction Between Mathematical and Physical Possibility.Jonathan Everett - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 52 (Part B):139-152.
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  17. Measurement, Coordination, and the Relativized a Priori.Flavia Padovani - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 52 (Part B):123-128.
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  18. Externalist Self-Knowledge and the Scope of the A Priori.R. W. Miller - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):67-75.
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  19. Contingent andA Priori Structures in Sequential Analysis.Jeff Coulter - 1983 - Human Studies 6 (1):361-376.
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  20. A Theory of the A Priori.George Bealer - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (1):1-30.
    The topic of a priori knowledge is approached through the theory of evidence. A shortcoming in traditional formulations of moderate rationalism and moderate empiricism is that they fail to explain why rational intuition and phenomenal experience count as basic sources of evidence. This explanatory gap is filled by modal reliabilism -- the theory that there is a qualified modal tie between basic sources of evidence and the truth. This tie to the truth is then explained by the theory of concept (...)
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  21. Relativizing the Relativized a Priori: Reichenbach’s Axioms of Coordination Divided.Flavia Padovani - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):41-62.
    In recent years, Reichenbach's 1920 conception of the principles of coordination has attracted increased attention after Michael Friedman's attempt to revive Reichenbach's idea of a "relativized a priori". This paper follows the origin and development of this idea in the framework of Reichenbach's distinction between the axioms of coordination and the axioms of connection. It suggests a further differentiation among the coordinating axioms and accordingly proposes a different account of Reichenbach's "relativized a priori".
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  22. Faktyczność Transcendentalnej Subiektywności a Poznanie a Priori.Piotr Łaciak - 2009 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 72.
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  23. The Notion of the a Priori.Edward S. Casey (ed.) - 2009 - Northwestern University Press.
    Originally published in 1966, this pivotal work of Mikel Dufrenne revises Kant’s notion of _a priori,_ a concept previously given insufficient attention by philosophers, to realize a rich understanding that finally does justice to one of Kant’s most troubling cruxes. Following the Husserlian analytics of phenomenology, Dufrenne postulates a dualistic conception of the _a priori_ as a structure that expresses itself outside the human subject, but also as a virtual knowledge that points to a philosophy of immediate apprehension or feeling. (...)
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  24. In Defense of Pure Reason: A Rationalist Account of a Priori Justification.Laurence BonJour - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is concerned with the alleged capacity of the human mind to arrive at beliefs and knowledge about the world on the basis of pure reason without any dependence on sensory experience. Most recent philosophers reject the view and argue that all substantive knowledge must be sensory in origin. Laurence BonJour provocatively reopens the debate by presenting the most comprehensive exposition and defence of the rationalist view that a priori insight is a genuine basis for knowledge. This important book (...)
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  25. 16. God as an A Priori Idea.Paolo Valore - 2016 - In Fundamentals of Ontological Commitment. De Gruyter. pp. 159-165.
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  26. Introduction to the Special Issue “The Roles of Experience in a Priori Knowledge”.Magdalena Balcerak Jackson - 2015 - Synthese 192 (9):2695-2699.
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  27. The a Priori in Philosophy.Albert Casullo & Joshua C. Thurow (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    For much of the past two millennia philosophers have embraced a priori knowledge and have thought that the a priori plays an important role in philosophy itself. Philosophers from Plato to Descartes, Kant to Kripke, all endorse the a priori and engage in a priori reasoning in their philosophical discussions. Recent work in epistemology and experimental philosophy, however, has raised questions about both the existence of a priori knowledge and the centrality of the a priori for philosophy. This collection of (...)
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  28. ΑΝΑΜΝΗΣΙΣ and the A Priori. [REVIEW]Raphael Demos - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (26):715-716.
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  29. The Epistemology of a Priori Knowledge.Joseph L. Camp (ed.) - 2006 - Oup Usa.
    This volume collects articles of the late philosopher Tamara Horowitz. It includes four previously published and two unpublished articles. Though she had wide-ranging interests during her career, Horowitz was mostly concerned with what can be known as priori. She argued against too much confidence in philosophical intuition and argued for a more naturalist, scientific approach. Joseph Camp includes an editor's introduction to the collection of this important philosopher.
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  30. What Types of Arguments Are There?James B. Freeman - unknown
    Our typology is based on two ground adequacy factors, one logical and one epistemic. Logically, the step from premises to conclusion may be conclusive or only ceteris paribus. Epistemically, warrants may be backed a priori or a posteriori. Hence there are four types of arguments: conclusive a priori, defeasible a priori, defeasible a posteriori, and prima facie conclusive a posteriori. We shall give an example of each and compare our scheme with other typologies.
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  31. Albert Casullo, Essays on A Priori Knowledge and Justification. [REVIEW]Nathaniel Goldberg - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (1):1-3.
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  32. Essay Six. The Philosophical Significance of the Kripkean Necessary a Posteriori.Scott Soames - 2009 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 2: The Philosophical Significance of Language. Princeton University Press. pp. 165-188.
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  33. A Priori Estimates in L∞ for Non-Diagonal Perturbed Quasilinear Systems.Stefan Krömer - 2009 - Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 8 (3):417-428.
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  34. A Priori Estimates and Existence for Elliptic Equations with Gradient Dependent Terms.Nathalie Grenon, François Murat & Alessio Porretta - 2014 - Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 13 (1):137-205.
    We consider, in a bounded domain Ω 1, and the function H grows at most like |Du|q+f, with p-1 (...)
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  35. Reichenbach’s Transcendental Probability.Fedde Benedictus & Dennis Dieks - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):15-38.
    The aim of this article is twofold. First, we shall review and analyse the neo-kantian justification for the application of probabilistic concepts in science that was defended by Hans Reichenbach early in his career, notably in his dissertation of 1916. At first sight this kantian approach seems to contrast sharply with Reichenbach’s later logical positivist, frequentist viewpoint. But, and this is our second goal, we shall attempt to show that there is an underlying continuity in Reichenbach’s thought: typical features of (...)
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  36. Chapter 23. A Priori Knowledge.Richard Foley - 2012 - In When is True Belief Knowledge? Princeton University Press. pp. 110-112.
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  37. The Realm of Reason, by Christopher Peacocke. [REVIEW]Célia Teixeira - 2007 - Disputatio 22 (22):165-172.
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  38. Kitcher and Frege on A Priori Knowledge.Christoph C. Pfisterer - 2009 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 38 (94):29-44.
    In his book The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge and in a series of articles, Philip Kitcher attacks the traditional conception of a priori mathematical knowledge. The reliabilism he develops as an alternative situates all our knowledge within a psychological framework. However, in Frege‘s Epistemology he claims that Frege‘s conception of a priori knowledge is compatible with a psychological account. Kitcher attributes to Frege a traditional concept of proof, according to which mathematical and logical proofs are psychological activities. I shall argue (...)
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  39. Satisfying Reason Studies in the Theory of Knowledge.Nicholas Rescher - 1995
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  40. Verificationism, Conventionalism, and a Priori Inference.Boris Kment - 2000
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  41. The Argument, a Priori, for the Being & the Attributes of God.William Honyman Gillespie & James Urquhart - 1906
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  42. The Role of the Empirical in Epistemology.David K. Henderson & Terence Horgan - 2000 - University of Memphis, Dept. Of Philosophy.
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  43. Ap's The A Priori in Physical Theory. [REVIEW]Beck Beck - 1946 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7:661.
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  44. Intuitions: An a Posteriori Critique of the a Priori.Jonathan Matthew Weinberg - 2002 - Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    This dissertation defends an epistemology that is simultaneously naturalistic---partaking of a consistently scientific worldview---and rationalistic---admitting of the existence of a priori justification. To attain such a naturalistic rationalism , we need to acknowledge that the unconscious structure of our inferential and intuition-producing mechanisms may be relevant to the justificatory status of our cognitions. Such an acknowledgement first requires admitting a limited version of epistemological externalism, which is defended by appeal to an 'analysis-by-imagined-reconstruction'. That is, we explore our norms of justification (...)
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  45. A Priori Knowledge.Graciela De Pierris - 1983 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
    In the First Chapter, I give an interpretation of Kant's characterization of a priori knowledge which sharply distinguishes Kant's from an innatist conception; in this way, I distinguish Kant's transcendental explanation of a prioricity from both innatist and naturalistic explanations. ;The arguments given by Kant to support his claim that we are in fact in possession of a priori knowledge rely on his criterion of a prioricity: if a truth is necessary then it must be justified a priori. I criticize (...)
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  46. Modern Empiricism and the Apriori-Aposteriori Distinction.Colleen Anita Miner Stameshkin - 1976 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
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  47. Knowledge and the a Priori.Paul Yu - 1973 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
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  48. Are There A Priori Concepts?D. M. Mackinnon, W. G. Maclagan & J. L. Austin - 1939 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 18:49-105.
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  49. The "A Priori".H. F. Hallett, L. S. Stebbing & J. H. Muirhead - 1933 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 12:150-219.
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  50. A Priori Knowledge and Naturalized Epistemology.Teresa Anne Britton - 1997 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    The focus of this dissertation is the relationship between a priori knowledge and naturalized epistemology. I consider, by way of Paul Benacerraf's essay entitled "Mathematical Truth," the incompatibility between a priori knowledge and a causal theory of knowledge. The ideas in this essay are often invoked to support mathematical empiricism. I show that Benacerraf's own argument offers no conclusive reason to accept mathematical empiricism ;The argument given in Benacerraf's essay presupposes a causal theory of knowledge. A priori knowledge is incompatible (...)
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