About this topic
Summary

In the debate about the concept of disease the term is usually used in a broad sense, to include any non-healthy condition (such as injuries, poisoning, etc.) and interchangeably with ‘pathology’. The debate has focused on two main views, naturalism and normativism, and the issue of whether disease and health can be defined in a way that is value-neutral. Some recent work challenges the assumptions of this debate, such as that disease is a concept structured around necessary and sufficient conditions, and that philosophical analysis should focus on a biomedical notion of disease. Associated with this, other conceptual structures and alternative notions taking pragmatic, epidemiological, or public health perspectives have been put forward.

Key works

The naturalist position is represented by the biostatistical theory, developed by Christopher Boorse in several classic papers (1977; 1975; 1976) and defended against critiques in 1997 and 2014. Normativist views are developed by, for example, Canguilhem et al 1978, Nordenfelt 1987, and Cooper 2002. Some argue that disease involves both descriptive and evaluative aspects, a position referred to as either a hybrid theory or as weak normativism, for example Wakefield 2014 and Ereshefsky 2009. Critiques of the traditional debate and alternative approaches are provided by Schwartz 2007 and Sadegh-Zadeh 2000

Introductions Cooper 2017; Murphy 2015; Boorse 2011
Related categories

636 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 636
  1. added 2020-07-05
    The Concept of Disorder Revisited: Robustly VAlue-Laden Despite Change.I.—Rachel Cooper - 2020 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 94 (1):141-161.
    Our concept of disorder is changing. This causes problems for projects of descriptive conceptual analysis. Conceptual change means that a criterion that was necessary for a condition to be a disorder at one time may cease to be necessary a relatively short time later. Nevertheless, some conceptually based claims will be fairly robust. In particular, the claim that no adequate account of disorder can appeal only to biological facts can be maintained for the foreseeable future. This is because our current (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-07-05
    Psychiatry Should Not Seek Mechanisms of Disorder.Daniel F. Hartner & Kari L. Theurer - 2018 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 38 (4):189-204.
    What kind of thing is a psychiatric disorder? At present, this is the central question in the philosophy of psychiatry. Answers tend toward one of two opposing views: realism, the view that psychiatric disorders are natural kinds, and constructivism, the view that disorders are products of classificatory conventions. The difficulties with each are well rehearsed. One compelling third-way solution, developed by Peter Zachar, holds that disorders are practical kinds. Proponents of this view are left with the difficult task of explaining (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2020-07-05
    Causality and the Ontology of Disease.Robert J. Rovetto & Riichiro Mizoguchi - 2015 - Applied Ontology 10 (2):79-105.
    The goal of this paper is two-fold: first, to emphasize causality in disease ontology and knowledge representation, presenting a general and cursory discussion of causality and causal chains; and second, to clarify and develop the River Flow Model of Diseases (RFM). The RFM is an ontological account of disease, representing the causal structure of pathology. It applies general knowledge of causality using the concept of causal chains. The river analogy of disease is explained, formal descriptions are offered, and the RFM (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4. added 2020-07-05
    In Anticipation of the Germ Theory of Disease. Middleton Goldsmith and the History of Bromine.D. E. McMahon & G. W. Rutecki - 2011 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 74 (2):4.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. added 2020-07-05
    Do We Need Theory to Study Disease?: Lessons From Cancer Research and Their Implications for Mental Illness.Harold Kincaid - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):367-378.
    This article applies general ideas from contemporary philosophy of science--chief among them that much good science proceeds without theories and laws--to the science of medicine. I claim that traditional philosophical debates over the nature of disease make demands on medicine that are mistaken. I demonstrate this philosophical error by applying the perspective of the philosophy of science to understanding the nature of disease in two concrete cases, cancer and depression. I first argue that cancer research produces various kinds of piecemeal (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  6. added 2020-07-05
    The Medical Theory of Richard Koch I: Theory of Science and Ethics. [REVIEW]F. Töpfer & U. Wiesing - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):207-219.
    Richard Koch first made his appearance in the 1920s with works published on the foundations of medicine. These publications describe the character of medicine as an action and the status of medicine within the theory of science. One of his conclusions is that medicine is not a science in the original sense of the word, but a practical discipline. It serves a practical purpose: to heal the sick. All medical knowledge is oriented towards this purpose, which also defines the physician’s (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  7. added 2020-07-05
    The Germ Theory of Disease. Neglected Precursors of Louis Pasteur: Richard Bradley, Benjamin Marten, Jean-Baptiste Goiffon.Raymond Williamson - 1955 - Annals of Science 11 (1):44-57.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. added 2020-06-30
    Catatonia in the History of Psychiatry: Construction and Deconstruction of a Disease Concept.Victor Mark Tang & Jacalyn Duffin - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (4):524-537.
    Catatonia is a psychomotor disorder that has gone through numerous descriptions since 1874, reflecting the many changes in psychiatric disease conceptualization that have occurred within that time frame. Catatonia has been variously described as a distinct disease entity, as a part of schizophrenia, and as a nonspecific manifestation of many disorders. Because of its association with schizophrenia, the description of catatonia was particularly affected by the psychopharmacological era, beginning in the 1950s, and by the development of the Diagnostic and Statistical (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. added 2020-06-30
    Définir objectivement la santé : une évaluation du concept bio statistique de Boorse à partir de l'épidémiologie moderne.Élodie Giroux - 2009 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 134 (1):35.
    La possibilité d’une définition naturaliste de la santé et d’une distinction entre le normal et le pathologique qui ne repose pas sur des normes culturelles, sociales ou subjectives est au cœur des débats en philosophie de la médecine. Or le concept statistique de la normalité, fondamental pour une définition objective de la santé, soulève d’importantes difficultés. Christopher Boorse défend une « théorie bio-statistique » qui, en articulant ce concept à une notion non normative de fonction biologique, résoudrait ces difficultés. L’identification (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10. added 2020-06-30
    Psychiatry and the Concept of Disease as Pathology.Dominic Murphy - 2009 - In Matthew Broome Lisa Bortolotti (ed.), Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 103--117.
  11. added 2020-06-30
    A Reflection on the Traditional African Concept of Sin, Sickness and Disease In.C. A. Ekeopara - 2007 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (2).
  12. added 2020-06-30
    A Causal Concept Of Disease in an Iranian Community.Ali A. Alemi & Manouchehr Mohseni - 1978 - Journal of Biosocial Science 10 (4):347-351.
    In 1975, as part of a socio-medical survey in a southern province of Iran, the influence of socio-cultural variables on behaviour in relation to illness and on beliefs about the causes of disease was examined. It was found that traditional beliefs such as ‘luck’ and religion were related to locality and age. For instance, the urban literate community puts less emphasis than the illiterate rural population on such beliefs. Older people and those living in rural areas still tend to believe (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. added 2020-06-30
    A Unified Concept of Health and Disease.George L. Engel - 1960 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 3 (4):459-485.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  14. added 2020-06-18
    Disease Entities, Negative Causes, Multifactoriality, and the Naturalness of Disease Classifications. Remarks on Some Philosophical Misperceptions of Medical Pathology.Peter Hucklenbroich - 2018 - In Antonio Piccolomini D’Aragona, Martin Carrier, Roger Deulofeu, Axel Gelfert, Jens Harbecke, Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Lara Huber, Peter Hucklenbroich, Ludger Jansen, Elizaveta Kostrova, Keizo Matsubara, Anne Sophie Meincke, Andrea Reichenberger, Kian Salimkhani & Javier Suárez (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Between the Natural Sciences, the Social Sciences, and the Humanities. Springer Verlag. pp. 137-152.
    In twentieth and twenty-first century medicine, the concept of disease entity has proven to be of key importance for pathology and the theory of diseases. Disease entities are kinds of complex clinical and etiopathogenetic processes that are triggered by specific primary causes and develop on anatomical, physiological, clinical and subjectively experienced levels. They are distinguished from healthy states of life by definite criteria of pathologicity. This paper sketches the prehistory as well as the central features of the current paradigm of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. added 2020-06-16
    Philippe Huneman, Gérard Lambert and Marc Silberstein Classification, Disease and Evidence: New Essays in the Philosophy of Medicine: Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer, 2015, Series: History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences, Vol. 7, 211 Pp, €83,29.Jonathan Sholl - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (3):339-341.
  16. added 2020-06-16
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science • by R. Cooper.John McMillan - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    The key objectives of this book are to demonstrate the applicability of issues in the philosophy of science to problems in psychiatry and to show how the conceptual issues raised by psychiatry should be considered more closely by philosophers of science. These are worthy aims: the philosophy of psychiatry needs to draw more thoughtfully upon contemporary philosophical debates and stimulating interest within the philosophy of science is a good way to do this.Cooper's book succeeds for both of these desiderata. The (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. added 2020-06-16
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]R. V. Cooper - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    The key objectives of this book are to demonstrate the applicability of issues in the philosophy of science to problems in psychiatry and to show how the conceptual issues raised by psychiatry should be considered more closely by philosophers of science. These are worthy aims: the philosophy of psychiatry needs to draw more thoughtfully upon contemporary philosophical debates and stimulating interest within the philosophy of science is a good way to do this.Cooper's book succeeds for both of these desiderata. The (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  18. added 2020-06-08
    Diseases Are Not Adaptations and Neither Are Their Causes.Paul E. Griffiths & John Matthewson - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-7.
    In a recent article in this journal, Zachary Ardern criticizes our view that the most promising candidate for a naturalized criterion of disease is the "selected effects" account of biological function and dysfunction. Here we reply to Ardern’s criticisms and, more generally, clarify the relationship between adaptation and dysfunction in the evolution of health and disease.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. added 2020-06-08
    Harm as a Necessary Component of the Concept of Medical Disorder: Reply to Muckler and Taylor.Jerome C. Wakefield & Jordan A. Conrad - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (3):350-370.
    Wakefield’s harmful dysfunction analysis asserts that the concept of medical disorder includes a naturalistic component of dysfunction and a value component, both of which are required for disorder attributions. Muckler and Taylor, defending a purely naturalist, value-free understanding of disorder, argue that harm is not necessary for disorder. They provide three examples of dysfunctions that, they claim, are considered disorders but are entirely harmless: mild mononucleosis, cowpox that prevents smallpox, and minor perceptual deficits. They also reject the proposal that dysfunctions (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20. added 2020-06-08
    The Irrelevance of Harm for a Theory of Disease.Dane Muckler & James Stacey Taylor - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (3):332-349.
    Normativism holds that there is a close conceptual link between disease and disvalue. We challenge normativism by advancing an argument against a popular normativist theory, Jerome Wakefield’s harmful dysfunction account. Wakefield maintains that medical disorders are breakdowns in evolved mechanisms that cause significant harm to the organism. We argue that Wakefield’s account is not a promising way to distinguish between disease and health because being harmful is neither necessary nor sufficient for a dysfunction to be a disorder. Counterexamples to the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21. added 2020-06-08
    Realism, Natural Kinds, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.David Spindle - 2017 - Dissertation, University of Oklahoma
    Realism about mental disorders is a perennial area of dispute, but the controversy burns especially intensely for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In this dissertation, I clarify what is at issue in these debates, surveying how realists have typically argued for mental disorder realism: the definitional debate about health and illness. I argue that the realist need not be committed to the terms of the definitional debate and recommend that a better approach is to show that mental disorders are natural kinds. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. added 2020-06-08
    Indeterminacy of Definitions and Criteria in Mental Health: Case Study of Emotional Disorders.George Nikolaidis - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):531-536.
  23. added 2020-05-26
    The Nature of Disease.Lawrie Reznek - 1987 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  24. added 2020-05-21
    Pathologizing Sexual Deviance: A History.Andreas De Block & Pieter Adriaens - 2013 - Journal of Sex Research 50 (3):276 - 298.
    This article provides a historical perspective on how both American and European psychiatrists have conceptualized and categorized sexual deviance throughout the past 150 years. During this time, quite a number of sexual preferences, desires, and behaviors have been pathologized and depathologized at will, thus revealing psychiatry's constant struggle to distinguish mental disorder--in other words, the "perversions," "sexual deviations," or "paraphilias"--from immoral, unethical, or illegal behavior. This struggle is apparent in the works of 19th- and early-20th-century psychiatrists and sexologists, but it (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. added 2020-05-21
    Mental Disease Between Medicine And Political.Silviu Szekely - 2003 - Studia Philosophica 1.
    Cette étude propose une approche généalogique de la psychiatrie, en utilisant comme point du départ quelques remarques de Foucault, telles qu''elles apparaissent dans les course Les anormaux et « Il faut défendre la société ». Nous avons essayé de poursuivre, en passant par la théorie de la dégénérescence de Morel et de ses effets sociaux, la codification de la maladie mentale comme danger, en traitant en parallèle l’appartenance de la psychiatrie à l’élaboration politique des théories racistes propres au nazisme allemand. (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. added 2020-05-21
    The Medical Philosophy of R.T.H. Laennec (1781-1826).Jacalyn M. Duffin - 1986 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 8 (2):195 - 219.
    Laennec was a master of pathological anatomy and his invention of the stethoscope helped to ensure the relevance of this science to bedside medicine, but his scientific manuscripts reveal that he saw limitations to the anatomo-clinical method. He designed a classification of disease to compensate for the shortcomings in pathological anatomy. This classification was based on identifiable changes, or 'lesions', in what he considered to be the three components of the human organism: solids (organs), liquids and vital principle. He intended (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. added 2020-05-21
    Aging: A New Problem of Modern Medicine.Josef Kadlec - 1981 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    This dissertation provides a philosophical analysis of the language of clinical diagnosis with respect to the aging process. Aging shows many analogies and resemblances both to "health states" and "disease states." Our key question is whether or not aging is itself a kind of illness or disease.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. added 2020-05-20
    Geneticization in MIM/OMIM®? Exploring Historic and Epistemic Drivers of Contemporary Understandings of Genetic Disease.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (4):367-384.
    Prior to the genomic sequencing era, the bible for those working in clinical genetics was McKusick’s Mendelian Inheritance in Man, which appeared in multiple editions between the 1960s and the late 1990s. This catalogue was organized according to general patterns of inheritance and focused on phenotypes. Beginning in the mid-1980s, it was replaced by Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, a continuously updated catalogue documenting molecular relationships between genetic variation and phenotypic expression. This paper explores this resource’s evolution with attention to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. added 2020-05-20
    What Does Addiction Mean to Me.M. Hesse - 2006 - Mens Sana Monographs 4 (1):104.
    Addiction is compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance. It is accepted as a mental illness in the diagnostic nomenclature and results in substantial health, social and economic problems. In the diagnostic nomenclature, addiction was originally included in the personality disorders along with other behaviours considered deviant. But it is now considered a clinical syndrome. Addiction is multifactorially determined, with substantial genetic influence. The development of addictions is also influenced by environmental factors, and an interplay between the two. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. added 2020-05-20
    Theories of Illness a World Survey.George Peter Murdock - 1980
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31. added 2020-05-18
    The Inadequacy of ADHD: A Philosophical Contribution.Mattias Nilsson Sjöberg & Johan Dahlbeck - 2018 - Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties 23 (1):97-108.
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a widely spread diagnosis.The dominant paradigm of ADHD is biomedical where ADHD isdefined as a brain disorder. At the same time, the legitimacy of thediagnosis is being questioned since it is unclear whether or not ADHDcan be deemed a medical disorder in itself. The aim of this article is tocritically assess the merits of understanding the diagnosis of ADHD as amedical condition defined as a brain disorder. This is being done usingthe seventeenth century philosopher Benedict (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32. added 2020-05-18
    Neuroscience and Values: A Case Study Illustrating Developments in Policy, Training and Research in the UK and Internationally.K. W. M. Fulford - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):79.
    In the current climate of dramatic advances in the neurosciences, it has been widely assumed that the diagnosis of mental disorder is a matter exclusively for value-free science. Starting from a detailed case history, this paper describes how, to the contrary, values come into the diagnosis of mental disorders, directly through the criteria at the heart of psychiatry's most scientifically grounded classification, the American Psychiatric Association's DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual). Various possible interpretations of the prominence of values in psychiatric (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33. added 2020-05-15
    What Does It Take to Be a Brain Disorder?Anneli Jefferson - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):249-262.
    In this paper, I address the question whether mental disorders should be understood to be brain disorders and what conditions need to be met for a disorder to be rightly described as a brain disorder. I defend the view that mental disorders are autonomous and that a condition can be a mental disorder without at the same time being a brain disorder. I then show the consequences of this view. The most important of these is that brain differences underlying mental (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. added 2020-05-15
    Theories of Health Justice: Just Enough Health.Thomas Schramme - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Ideal for students in the philosophy of medicine, healthcare and public health, this book offers an introduction to the philosophical debates around health justice. It presents clear conceptual definitions of health, disease and illness and the various theories of justice, developing a specific normative argument in the debate on health justice.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2020-05-15
    Introduction: Testing and Refining Marc Lewis’s Critique of the Brain Disease Model of Addiction.Steve Matthews & Anke Snoek - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (1):1-6.
    In this introduction we set out some salient themes that will help structure understanding of a complex set of intersecting issues discussed in this special issue on the work of Marc Lewis: conceptual foundations of the disease model, tolerating the disease model given socio-political environments, and A third wave: refining conceptualization of addiction in the light of Lewis’s model.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36. added 2020-05-15
    Disease or Developmental Disorder: Competing Perspectives on the Neuroscience of Addiction.Wayne Hall, Adrian Carter & Anthony Barnett - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (1):103-110.
    Lewis’ neurodevelopmental model provides a plausible alternative to the brain disease model of addiction that is a dominant perspective in the USA. We disagree with Lewis’ claim that the BDMA is unchallenged within the addiction field but we agree that it provides unduly pessimistic prospects of recovery. We question the strength of evidence for the BDMA provided by animal models and human neuroimaging studies. We endorse Lewis’ framing of addiction as a developmental process underpinned by reversible forms of neuroplasticity. His (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37. added 2020-05-15
    Medical Philosophy: Conceptual Issues in Medicine.Mario Bunge - 2013 - World Scientific.
    Traditional medicines -- Modern medicine -- Disease -- Diagnosis -- Drug -- Trial -- Treatment -- Prevention -- Iatroethics -- Science or technology, craft or service?
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. added 2020-05-15
    What is Psychiatric Disease? A Commentary on Dr Ghaemi's Paper.Derek Bolton - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 54.
  39. added 2020-05-15
    When Does Depression Become a Mental Disorder?Mario Maj - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. added 2020-05-15
    Νóσoζ and Óσίη: Etymological and Sociocultural Observations on the Concepts of Disease and Divine Favour in Ancient Greece.Andreas Willi - 2008 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:153-171.
    After a brief discussion of earlier etymological theories, this article proposes a new analysis of the Greek noun ??s?? �disease� as a possessive compound *n-osw-os �not having *(h1)osu�, the second constituent of which is cognate with Hitt. assu �well-being�; just like the latter, Greek ??s?? are characteristically sent or removed by divinities. Moreover, the reconstruction of an abstract noun *(h1)osu �well-being (resulting from divine favour)� can serve as the etymological basis for the somewhat obscure Greek notion of ?s??, which refers (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. added 2020-05-15
    High Mental Disorder Rates Are Based on Invalid Measures: Questions About the Claimed Ubiquity of Mutation-Induced Dysfunction.Jerome C. Wakefield - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):424-426.
    Three reservations about Keller & Miller's (K&M's) argument are explored: Serious validity problems afflict epidemiological criteria discriminating disorders from non-disorders, so high rates may be misleading. Normal variation need not be mild disorder, contrary to a possible interpretation of K&M's article. And, rather than mutation-selection balance, true disorders may result from unselected combinations of normal variants over many loci. (Published Online November 9 2006).
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. added 2020-05-15
    Models for Mental Disorder Conceptual Models in Psychiatry.Peter J. Tyrer & Derek Steinberg - 1987
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. added 2020-05-15
    The Perils of Powell: In Search of a Factual Foundation for the Disease Concept of Alcoholism.Herbert Fingarette - 1970 - Harvard Law Review 83:793-812.
    THIS ARTICLE IS AN ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT LEGAL REASONING AND LAW AS TO THE CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY OF ALCOHOLICS, AND AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEDICAL AND FACTUAL BACKGROUND. THE LEGAL ARGUMENTS TO ABSOLVE THE ALCOHOLIC OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR CRIMINAL ACTS WHILE DRUNK ARE SHOWN TO REST ON UNSATISFACTORY ARGUMENT AND FUNDAMENTALLY FALSE FACTUAL ASSUMPTIONS.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44. added 2020-05-01
    Was Ist Eine Psychische Störung?: Die Philosophie der Normalen Sprache Als Ausgangspunkt.K. W. M. Fulford - 2018 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 66 (2):205-227.
    This article sets out key contributions to the long-running debate about mental disorder from the ordinary language philosophy of the ‘Oxford School’. The distinction between definition and use of concepts underpinning ordinary language philosophy reframes the debate as a debate not just about mental disorder but about disorder in general, bodily as well as mental. The field work of ordinary language philosophy (focusing on the use of concepts as a guide to their meanings) shows that, attempts at elimination notwithstanding, there (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. added 2020-05-01
    Addiction and Moralization: The Role of the Underlying Model of Addiction.Steve Matthews & Anke Snoek - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (1):129-139.
    Addiction appears to be a deeply moralized concept. To understand the entwinement of addiction and morality, we briefly discuss the disease model and its alternatives in order to address the following questions: Is the disease model the only path towards a ‘de-moralized’ discourse of addiction? While it is tempting to think that medical language surrounding addiction provides liberation from the moralized language, evidence suggests that this is not necessarily the case. On the other hand non-disease models of addiction may seem (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. added 2020-04-30
    Pragmatism and the Definition of the Idea of Disease.Maurilio Lovatti - manuscript
    The purpose of this paper is to support the idea that pragmatism is still a productive resource for the study of health and disease. Combining the results of thermodynamic theories with evolutionism, some said that the biological structures selected by evolution are perfect to maximize the conservation of energy; as a consequence, they tend to reduce the entropy in the organism. Thus, a process can be defined as pathological if it increases the entropy, which means a diminished efficiency of the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. added 2020-04-30
    Mild Mania and the Theory of Health: A Response to "Mild Mania and Well-Being".Professor Lennart Nordenfelt - forthcoming - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):179-184.
    In this response to "Mild Mania and Well-Being" I propose a different analytic strategy and scrutinize the presented case of mild mania within the framework of a holistic theory of health. I distinguish between the following fundamental questions: (1) is mild mania a disease or illness? (2) does the mild mania of Mr. M. reduce his health significantly? and (3) should Mr. M. be recommended treatment with lithium or not? I answer the first question in the affirmative. I propose some (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. added 2020-04-30
    Pornography Addiction: The Fabrication of a Transient Sexual Disease.Kris Taylor - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (5):56-83.
    While pornography addiction currently circulates as a comprehensible, diagnosable, and describable way to make sense of some people’s ostensibly problematic relationship with pornography, such a comprehensive description of this relationship has only recently been made possible. The current analysis makes visible pornography addiction as situated within a varied history of concerns about pornography, masturbation, fantasy, and technology in an effort to bring to bear a conceptual critique of the modern concept of pornography addiction. Such a critique in turn works to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. added 2020-04-30
    Hegel on Addiction.Katerina Deligiorgi - 2019 - Hegel Bulletin 40 (3):398-424.
    The aim of this paper is to show how certain distinctive elements of Hegel's theory of action can provide a fresh philosophical perspective on the phenomenon of addiction. What motivates the turn to Hegel is a set of puzzles that arise out of contemporary medical and philosophical discussions of addiction. Starting with questions concerning ongoing attempts to define addiction, the paper examines the resources needed for addiction to be classed as a disorder, as it commonly is. Provisionally settling with the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. added 2020-04-30
    Geistlose Hirne und hirnlose Geister: Zum Umgang mit dem Begriff psychischer Krankheit.Andreas Heinz - 2018 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 66 (2):228-242.
    Mental disorders have been suggested to differ from somatic diseases because they lack an organic correlate. We show that this argument is both empirically wrong and theoretically irrelevant, because diseases are defined by functional impairments and not biological variation. Due to human diversity, a multitude of functions can be defined, and any selection of medically relevant functional impairments is necessarily value-based. We suggest that such values include individual survival and living in a shared world with others, and that their definition (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 636