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  1. Thought and Language. [REVIEW]B. A. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):400-400.
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  2. Natural Language and Thought: Thinking in English.Barbara Abbott - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (2):49-55.
  3. Thinking Without English.Barbara Abbott - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (2):49 - 55.
    Abbott replies to each of Hauser's arguments. Problem solving by chimpanzees and evidence of recursion in the thought of a feral human being suggest that natural language is not necessary for productive thought. Communication would be trivial if the inner language were the outer language, but it is not. The decryption analogy Hauser uses is flawed, and it is not clear which way Occam's razor cuts.
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  4. The Semantics of Thought.Frederick R. Adams, Robert A. Stecker & Gary Fuller - 1992 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 73 (4):375-389.
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  5. The Mundane Matter of the Mental Language.Laird Addis - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):426-427.
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  6. Thought, Language, and the Argument From Explicitness.Fernando Martínez‐Manrique Agustín Vicente - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (3):381-401.
    : This article deals with the relationship between language and thought, focusing on the question of whether language can be a vehicle of thought, as, for example, Peter Carruthers has claimed. We develop and examine a powerful argument—the “argument from explicitness”—against this cognitive role of language. The premises of the argument are just two: the vehicle of thought has to be explicit, and natural languages are not explicit. We explain what these simple premises mean and why we should believe they (...)
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  7. Macleane's Reason, Thought, and Language, or The Many and The One. [REVIEW]H. Austin Aikins - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy 6 (23):640.
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  8. Aune on Thought and Language.William P. Alston - 1969 - Noûs 3 (2):169-183.
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  9. Language, Thought, and History.James F. Anderson - 1976 - New Scholasticism 50 (3):323-332.
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  10. What Are You Thinking? Character and Content in the Language of Thought.Louise M. Antony - manuscript
  11. The Visual Language of Thought: Fodor Vs. Pylyshyn.Víctor Martín Verdejo Aparicio - 2012 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):59-74.
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  12. Deafness, Ideas and the Language of Thought in the Late 1600s.Noga Arikha - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (2):233 – 262.
  13. Some Remarks on Jerry Fodor's Arguments for a Language of Thought.Jay David Atlas - unknown
    The arguments that Fodor (1987: 150-52) gives in support of a Language of Thought are apparently straightforward. (1) Linguistic capacities are "systematic", in the sense that if one understands the words 'John loves Mary' one also understands the form of words 'Mary loves John'. In other words, sentences have a combinatorial semantics, because they have constituent structure. (2) If cognitive capacities are systematic in the same way, they must have constituent structure also. Thus there is a Language of Thought. The (...)
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  14. Language of Thought Hypothesis: State of the Art.Murat Aydede - manuscript
    [This is an earlier, much longer and more detailed version of my entry on LOTH in the _Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy_] The Language of Thought Hypothesis (LOTH) is an empirical thesis about thought and thinking. For their explication, it postulates a physically realized system of representations that have a combinatorial syntax (and semantics) such that operations on representations are causally sensitive only to the syntactic properties of representations. According to LOTH, thought is, roughly, the tokening of a representation that has (...)
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  15. Language of Thought.Murat Aydede - 2017 - Oxford Bibliographies Online.
  16. The Language of Thought Hypothesis.Murat Aydede - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A comprehensive introduction to the Language of Though Hypothesis (LOTH) accessible to general audiences. LOTH is an empirical thesis about thought and thinking. For their explication, it postulates a physically realized system of representations that have a combinatorial syntax (and semantics) such that operations on representations are causally sensitive only to the syntactic properties of representations. According to LOTH, thought is, roughly, the tokening of a representation that has a syntactic (constituent) structure with an appropriate semantics. Thinking thus consists in (...)
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  17. Computation and Functionalism: Syntactic Theory of Mind Revisited.Murat Aydede - 2005 - In Gurol Irzik & Guven Guzeldere (eds.), Boston Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Springer.
    I argue that Stich's Syntactic Theory of Mind (STM) and a naturalistic narrow content functionalism run on a Language of Though story have the same exact structure. I elaborate on the argument that narrow content functionalism is either irremediably holistic in a rather destructive sense, or else doesn't have the resources for individuating contents interpersonally. So I show that, contrary to his own advertisement, Stich's STM has exactly the same problems (like holism, vagueness, observer-relativity, etc.) that he claims plague content-based (...)
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  18. Language of Thought: The Connectionist Contribution.Murat Aydede - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (1):57-101.
    Fodor and Pylyshyn's critique of connectionism has posed a challenge to connectionists: Adequately explain such nomological regularities as systematicity and productivity without postulating a "language of thought" (LOT). Some connectionists like Smolensky took the challenge very seriously, and attempted to meet it by developing models that were supposed to be non-classical. At the core of these attempts lies the claim that connectionist models can provide a representational system with a combinatorial syntax and processes sensitive to syntactic structure. They are not (...)
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  19. Connectionism and the Language of Thought.Murat Aydede - 1995 - CSLI Technical Report.
    Fodor and Pylyshyn's (F&P) critique of connectionism has posed a challenge to connectionists: Adequately explain such nomological regularities as systematicity and productivity without postulating a "language of thought'' (LOT). Some connectionists declined to meet the challenge on the basis that the alleged regularities are somehow spurious. Some, like Smolensky, however, took the challenge very seriously, and attempted to meet it by developing models that are supposed to be non-classical.
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  20. Syntax, Functionalism, Connectionism, and the Language of Thought.Murat Mustafa Aydede - 1993 - Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
    Fodor and Pylyshyn's critique of connectionism has posed a challenge to connectionists: Explain such cognitive regularities as systematicity and productivity without postulating a LOT architecture. Some connectionists took the challenge seriously. They developed some models that purport to show that they can explain the regularities without becoming classical. The key to their claim is that their models can and do provide non-concatenatively realized syntactically complex representations that can also be processed in a structure sensitive way. Surprisingly, Fodor and McLaughlin seem (...)
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  21. Seeming to See Red.Lynne Rudder Baker - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 58 (1-2):121-128.
    In "Understanding the Language of Thought," John Pollock offers a semantics for Mentalese. Along the way, he raises many deep issues concerning, among other things, the indexicality of thought, the relations between thought and communication, the function of 'that'-clauses and the nature of introspection. Regrettably, I must pass over these issues here. Instead, I shall focus on Pollock's views on the nature of appearance and its role in interpreting the language of thought.' I shall examine two aspects of Pollock's views: (...)
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  22. JM Moravcsik, Thought and Language Reviewed By.David Bakhurst - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (6):409-412.
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  23. J.M. Moravcsik, Thought And Language. [REVIEW]David Bakhurst - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12:409-412.
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  24. Thought and Language.J. Mark Baldwin - 1907 - Psychological Review 14 (3):181-204.
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  25. Thought and Language.J. Mark Baldwin - 1907 - Philosophical Review 16:565.
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  26. Gilles Fauconnier, Mappings in Thought and Language.Barbara Abbott - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (1):157-161.
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  27. Objectivity and the Language-Dependence of Thought: A Transcendental Defence of Universal Lingualism.Christian Barth - 2010 - Routledge.
    Does thought depend on language? Primarily as a consequence of the cognitive turn in empirical disciplines like psychology and ethology, many current empirical researchers and empirically minded philosophers tend to answer this question in the negative. This book rejects this mainstream view and develops a philosophical argument in favor of a universal dependence of language on thought. In doing so, it comprises insights of two primary representatives of 20 th century and contemporary philosophy, namely Donald Davidson and Robert Brandom. Barth (...)
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  28. Thought and Language.T. H. Bartolomei - 1957 - Philosophy Today 1 (1):48.
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  29. Thought and Language.T. M. Bartolomei - 1957 - Philosophy Today 1 (1):48-53.
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  30. Unburdening the Language of Thought.Jon Barwise - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (1):82-96.
  31. Sense, Mentalese, and Ontology.Jacob Beck - 2013 - ProtoSociology 30:29-48.
    Modes of presentation are often posited to accommodate Frege’s puzzle. Philosophers differ, however, in whether they follow Frege in identifying modes of presentation with Fregean senses, or instead take them to be formally individuated symbols of “Mentalese”. Building on Fodor, Margolis and Laurence defend the latter view by arguing that the mind-independence of Fregean senses renders them ontologically suspect in a way that Mentalese symbols are not. This paper shows how Fregeans can withstand this objection. Along the way, a clearer (...)
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  32. Can There Be a Language of Thought?Ansgar Beckermann - 1994 - In G. White, B. Smith & R. Casati (eds.), Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences. Proceedings of the 16th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.
    1. Cognitive sciences in a broad sense are simply all those sciences which concern themselves with the analysis and explanation of cognitive capacities and achievements. If one speaks of _cognitive science_ in the singular, however, usually something more is meant. Cognitive science is not only characterized by a specific object of research, but also through a particular kind of explanatory paradigm, i.e. the information processing paradigm. Stillings _et. al. _for example begin their book _Cognitive Science _as follows: " Cognitive scientists (...)
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  33. The Language of Thought: Still a Game in Town?Antoni Gomila Benejam - 2011 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):145-155.
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  34. When Fodor Met Frege.Jonathan Berg - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (2):467-476.
    In the third chapter of LOT 2—"LOT Meets Frege's Problem "—Jerry Fodor argues that LOT provides a solution to "Frege's Problem," as well as to Kripke's Paderewski puzzle . I argue that most of what Fodor says in his discussion of Frege's problem is mistaken.
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  35. The Crosstalk Hypothesis: Why Language Interferes with Driving.Benjamin Bergen, Nathan Medeiros-Ward, Kathryn Wheeler, Frank Drews & David Strayer - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):119.
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  36. Two Arguments for the Language-Dependence of Thought.Jose Luis Bermudez - 2010 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 81 (1):37-54.
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  37. Thinking Without Words.José Luis Bermúdez - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Thinking Without Words provides a challenging new theory of the nature of non-linguistic thought. Jose Luis Bermudez offers a conceptual framework for treating human infants and non-human animals as genuine thinkers. The book is written with an interdisciplinary readership in mind and will appeal to philosophers, psychologists, and students of animal behavior.
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  38. LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited. By Jerry A. Fodor.Raj Nath Bhat - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (3):400 - 401.
    The European Legacy, Volume 17, Issue 3, Page 400-401, June 2012.
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  39. Mental Maps.Ben Blumson - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (2):413-434.
    It's often hypothesized that the structure of mental representation is map-like rather than language-like. The possibility arises as a counterexample to the argument from the best explanation of productivity and systematicity to the language of thought hypothesis—the hypothesis that mental structure is compositional and recursive. In this paper, I argue that the analogy with maps does not undermine the argument, because maps and language have the same kind of compositional and recursive structure.
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  40. Aldwin on Thought and Language. [REVIEW]L. Pearl Boggs - 1907 - Journal of Philosophy 4 (20):555.
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  41. Is Thought a Symbolic Process?Laurence BonJour - 1991 - Synthese 89 (3):331-52.
  42. Explanation and the Language of Thought.David Braddon-Mitchell & J. Fitzpatrick - 1990 - Synthese 83 (1):3-29.
    In this paper we argue that the insistence by Fodor et. al. that the Language of Thought hypothesis must be true rests on mistakes about the kinds of explanations that must be provided of cognitive phenomena. After examining the canonical arguments for the LOT, we identify a weak version of the LOT hypothesis which we think accounts for some of the intuitions that there must be a LOT. We then consider what kinds of explanation cognitive phenomena require, and conclude that (...)
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  43. Do We Think in Mentalese? A Critique of the "Language of Thought" Hypothesis.Susan Joy Brison - 1987 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    Arguments for the claim that we think in a distinct language of thought are common in the philosophical literature from Plato to the present. In this dissertation, I examine the philosophical foundations of this currently popular "Language of Thought" Hypothesis , evaluating both the empirical results and the a priori grounds that have been presented in support of it. After presenting an historical survey of philosophical motivations for LOT, I discuss a number of psychological experiments in the area of bilingualism (...)
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  44. Language, Thought, and Culture.Robert W. Brown, Irving M. Copi, Don E. Dulaney, William K. Frankena, Paul Henle & Charles L. Stevenson - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (5):137-140.
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  45. The Social Characters of Language and Thought.A. Burri - 1994 - Dialectica 48 (3-4):337-352.
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  46. A Language of Baboon Thought?Elisabeth Camp - 2009 - In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press. pp. 108--127.
    Does thought precede language, or the other way around? How does having a language affect our thoughts? Who has a language, and who can think? These questions have traditionally been addressed by philosophers, especially by rationalists concerned to identify the essential difference between humans and other animals. More recently, theorists in cognitive science, evolutionary biology, and developmental psychology have been asking these questions in more empirically grounded ways. At its best, this confluence of philosophy and science promises to blend the (...)
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  47. The Representation of Number in Natural Language Syntax and in Language of Thought: A Case Study of the Evolution and Development of Representational Resources.Susan Carey - 2001 - In João Branquinho (ed.), The Foundations of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 23--53.
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  48. Language of Thought: A Case Study of the Evolution and Development of Representational Resources.Susan Carey - 2001 - In João Branquinho (ed.), The Foundations of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 23.
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  49. The Language of Thought Revisited.James Cargile - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):359-367.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  50. Language and Thought.P. Carruthers & J. Boucher (eds.) - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This distinguished collection of essays explores the place of natural language in human cognition.
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