About this topic
Summary This broad-ranging category covers philosophical explorations of the old question of the meaning of life as well as the more recent rephrasing of the question as that of meaning in life or meaningfulness. Questions range from the idea of a purpose to life, existence or the universe, to the idea that lives can be more or less meaningful. Other questions explored include the relation between meaning and happiness, meaning and morality, meaning in a secular age, meaning in a naturalistic world, and the conditions of meaningfulness.
Key works Classics: Camus 1957; Frankl 1985; Nagel 1971; Nagel 1986; Nozick 1981; Nozick 1989; Singer 1996; Taylor 1970 Recent work: Metz 2013; Wielenberg 2005; Wolf 2010; Wolf 2015; Wolf 1997; Wolf 1997
Introductions Collections/Readers: Benatar 2010; Klemke & Cahn 2007; Seachris 2012 Philosophical introductions/histories: Baggini 2005; Cottingham 2003; Metz 2015; Young 2003
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570 found
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1 — 50 / 570
  1. added 2020-05-22
    To Be or Never to Have Been: Anti-Natalism and a Life Worth Living.Aaron Smuts - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):711-729.
    David Benatar argues that being brought into existence is always a net harm and never a benefit. I disagree. I argue that if you bring someone into existence who lives a life worth living, then you have not all things considered wronged her. Lives are worth living if they are high in various objective goods and low in objective bads. These lives constitute a net benefit. In contrast, lives worth avoiding constitute a net harm. Lives worth avoiding are net high (...)
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  2. added 2020-05-22
    Der Sinn Pessimistischer Sätze.Josef Schächter - 1938 - Synthese 3 (1):223-233.
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  3. added 2020-05-16
    Review Article: Peggy Lee’s Question: Charles Taylor, Secularism and the Meaning of Life.John Horton - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (1):113-121.
  4. added 2020-05-11
    Life Worth Living.Shin Lee - 2019 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 19:18-19.
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  5. added 2020-05-11
    Will Life Be Worth Living in a World Without Work? Technological Unemployment and the Meaning of Life.John Danaher - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):41-64.
    Suppose we are about to enter an era of increasing technological unemployment. What implications does this have for society? Two distinct ethical/social issues would seem to arise. The first is one of distributive justice: how will the efficiency gains from automated labour be distributed through society? The second is one of personal fulfillment and meaning: if people no longer have to work, what will they do with their lives? In this article, I set aside the first issue and focus on (...)
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  6. added 2020-05-11
    The Life-Value of Death: Mortality, Finitude, and Meaningful Lives.Jeff Noonan - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 3 (1):1-23.
    In his seminal reflection on the badness of death, Nagel links it to the permanent loss “of whatever good there is in living.” I will argue, following McMurtry, that “whatever good there is in living” is defined by the life-value of resources, institutions, experiences, and activities. Enjoyed expressions of the human capacities to experience the world, to form relationships, and to act as creative agents are intrinsically life-valuable, the reason why anyone would desire to go on living indefinitely. As Nagel (...)
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  7. added 2020-05-11
    Without Animals Life is Not Worth Living.Freya Mathews - 2007 - Between the Species 13 (7):4.
  8. added 2020-05-11
    The Quest for the Fine: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Judgment, Worth, and Existence.Michael Gelven - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this original and compelling exploration of the meaning of the term 'fine' and the phenomenon of refinement, noted scholar Michael Gelven reflects on the relationship between refinement and existence. Beginning with a study of perceptual refinement, Gelven shows how in some cases this refinement discloses an existential essence—as an architect shows us what it means to dwell. Gelven then moves to a refinement of self, not equating it with virtue but showing how refinement illuminates our understanding of our ethical (...)
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  9. added 2020-05-11
    Is Life Worth Living?William James - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):1-24.
    Reprinted in James The Will to Believe and Other Essays.
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  10. added 2020-05-09
    Review of T.J. Mawson's Monotheism and the Meaning of LIfe. [REVIEW]Brian C. Barnett - forthcoming - Religious Studies Review.
    This review provides a brief summary and analysis of T.J. Mawson's monograph, Monotheism and the Meaning of Life (part of the Cambridge Elements series, edited by Chad Meister and Paul Moser).
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  11. added 2020-05-06
    Luddites, Labor, and Meaningful Lives: Would a World Without Work Really Be Best?Jeff Noonan - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  12. added 2020-05-04
    Sinn des Lebens, Sinn des Todes Perspektiven Unserer Existenz.Eberhard Döring - 1994
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  13. added 2020-05-04
    Wider den Un-Sinn Zur Sinnkrise Unseres Zeitalters.Johannes Baptist Lotz - 1977
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  14. added 2020-04-28
    The Meaning of “Life’s Meaning”.Michael Prinzing - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Life’s meaning is a deeply important yet perplexing topic. It is often unclear what people are talking about when they talk about life having “meaning”. This paper attempts to clarify things by articulating a schema for understanding claims about meaning. It defends a theory according to which X means Y iff Y is a correct interpretation of X—i.e., if Y is a correct answer to an interpretive question, Z. I argue that this (perhaps surprising) claim has impressive explanatory power. Applying (...)
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  15. added 2020-04-20
    The Varieties of Modern Enchantment.Joshua Landy - 2009 - In Joshua Landy & Michael Saler (eds.), The Re-Enchantment of the World: Secular Magic in a Rational Age. Stanford, CA, USA: pp. 1-14.
    This chapter argues that there is a variety of secular and conscious strategies for re-enchantment, held together by a common aim of filling a God-shaped void. The discussion also introduces three approaches to affirm the claim and offer a more nuanced understanding of the nature of modernity. The first is to reject the notion that any lingering enchantment within Western culture must of necessity be a relic (the binary approach). The second is to reject the notion that modernity is itself (...)
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  16. added 2020-03-09
    Welfare, Meaning, and Worth.Aaron Smuts - manuscript
    The central thesis of this book is that there is more to what makes a life worth living than welfare. I argue that the notion of worth captures matters of importance that no plausible theory of welfare can account for. Worth is best thought of as a higher-level kind of value. I defend an objective list theory (OLT) of worth¬—lives worth living are net high in various objective goods. Not only do I defend an list of some of the goods, (...)
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  17. added 2020-02-24
    African Theories of Meaning in Life: A Critical Assessment.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - South African Journal of Philosophy 39.
    In this article, I expound and assess two theories of meaning in life informed by the indigenous sub-Saharan African philosophical tradition. According to one principle, a life is more meaningful, the more it promotes community with other human persons. According to the other principle, a life is more meaningful, the more it promotes vitality in oneself and others. I argue that, at least upon some refinement, both of these African conceptions of meaning merit global consideration from philosophers, but that the (...)
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  18. added 2020-02-23
    What Is the Question to Which Anti-Natalism Is the Answer?Nicholas Smyth - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (1):1-17.
    The ethics of biological procreation has received a great deal of attention in recent years. Yet, as I show in this paper, much of what has come to be called procreative ethics is conducted in a strangely abstract, impersonal mode, one which stands little chance of speaking to the practical perspectives of any prospective parent. In short, the field appears to be flirting with a strange sort of practical irrelevance, wherein its verdicts are answers to questions that no-one is asking. (...)
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  19. added 2020-02-18
    Two Arguments for the Badness and Meaninglessness of Life.Iddo Landau - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-14.
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  20. added 2020-02-18
    Finding Meaning in an Imperfect World.Iddo Landau - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Is life meaningless? Does life have enough meaning to make it feel worthwhile? If we think our lives lack meaning, what can we do about it? Finding Meaning in an Imperfect World answers these and other difficult questions, while confronting head-on famous, recurrent theories that insist on life's meaninglessness. Landau shows us how to single out what is meaningful, explains why we sometimes fail to recognize meaning, and suggests ways in which we can resensitize ourselves to it.
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  21. added 2020-02-18
    Standards, Perspectives, and the Meaning of Life: A Reply to Seachris. [REVIEW]Iddo Landau - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (3):457-468.
    IntroductionIn a recent article in this journal, Joshua W. Seachris (2012) argues that the distinction I make between perspectives and standards in sub specie aeternitatis arguments for the meaninglessness of life does not hold for a salient component of the sub specie aeternitatis perspective: the ontological-normative component. In this article I suggest that Seachris’s argument is problematic in a number of ways and ought to be rejected.BackgroundVarious authors, such as Albert Camus (1969, p. 78), Nicholas Rescher (1990, p. 153) and (...)
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  22. added 2020-02-18
    Immorality and the Meaning of Life.Iddo Landau - 2011 - Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (3):309-317.
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  23. added 2020-02-11
    Evolution, Morality and the Meaning of Life. Jeffrie G. Murphy.Peter S. Wenz - 1983 - Ethics 94 (1):140-142.
  24. added 2019-12-30
    Formalizing the intuitions on the meaning of life / Formalizando as intuições sobre o sentido da vida.Rodrigo Cid - 2010 - Revista Do Seminário Dos Alunos Do PPGLM/UFRJ 1:paper 10.
    When we ask ourselves about the meaning of life, two analyses are possible in principle: 1. that we are asking something about the purpose or the reason of being of life or of a life, or 2. that we are asking something the value of life or of a life. At the present article, I do not approach 1 neither the life as a whole, but I take the individual lives in the context of 2. I briefly explain what would (...)
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  25. added 2019-12-28
    “Would My Life Still Be Meaningful?”: Intersubjectivism and Changing Meaning in Life.Vincenzo Politi - 2019 - Human Affairs 29 (4):462-469.
    Susan Wolf maintains that the meaningfulness of a life arises when someone acts upon the subjective desire of doing something objectively valuable. This amounts to a hybrid view, which contains both subjectivist and objectivist elements. Wolf’s tentative definition of what is objectively valuable amounts to what, in this article, we define as ‘intersubjectivism’. As it will be argued, however, intersubjectivism poses a number of problems, which are exacerbated in contemporary society and which shed a new light on the problem of (...)
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  26. added 2019-11-23
    Absurd Relations.Jacob Fox - 2019 - Human Affairs 29 (4):387-394.
    Absurdist accounts of life’s meaning posit that life is absurd because our pretensions regarding its meaning conflict with the actual or perceived reality of the situation. Relationary accounts posit that contingent things gain their meaning only from their relationship to other meaningful things. I take a detailed look at the two types of account, and, proceeding under the assumption that they are correct, combine them to see what the implications of such a combination might be. I conclude that another way (...)
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  27. added 2019-11-10
    The Significance of Future Generations.Roman Altshuler - forthcoming - In Michael Cholbi & Travis Timmerman (eds.), Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge.
    We find meaning and value in our lives by engaging in everyday projects. But, according to a recent argument by Samuel Scheffler, this value doesn’t depend merely on what the projects are about. In many cases, it depends also on the future generations that will replace us. By imagining the imminent extinction of humanity soon after our own deaths, we can recognize both that much of our current valuing depends on a background confidence in the ongoing survival of humanity and (...)
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  28. added 2019-11-04
    On the Benefits of Philosophy as a Way of Life in a General Introductory Course.Jake Wright - 2020 - Metaphilosophy 51 (2-3):435-454.
    Philosophy as a way of life (PWOL) places investigations of value, meaning, and the good life at the center of philosophical investigation, especially of one’s own life. I argue PWOL is compatible with general introductory philosophy courses, further arguing that PWOL-based general introductions have several philosophical and pedagogical benefits. These include the ease with which high impact practices, situated skill development, and students’ ability to ‘think like a disciplinarian’ may be incorporated into such courses, relative to more traditional introductory courses, (...)
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  29. added 2019-10-20
    Beauvoir’s Ethics, Meaning, and Competition.Elena Popa - 2019 - Human Affairs 29 (4):425–433.
    This paper discusses Simone de Beauvoir’s views on the meaning of life as presented in The Ethics of Ambiguity. I argue that Beauvoir’s view matches contemporary hybrid views on the meaning of life, incorporating both subjective and objective elements, while connecting them in a distinct way—through the tension between self and other. I then analyze the meaning of excessively competitive projects through Beauvoir’s ethics and conclude that success that amounts to denying other people’s access to the things one values is (...)
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  30. added 2019-10-07
    Review of Cheshire Calhoun's Doing Valuable Time. [REVIEW]Antti Kauppinen - forthcoming - Philosophical Review.
    This is a book review of Cheshire Calhoun's 2018 book, Doing Valuable Time.
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  31. added 2019-10-07
    Pascal and the Voicelessness of Despair.Alexander Jech - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 8 (2):5--17.
    Thaddeus Metz’s Meaning in Life is like a magnificent castle, covering vast ground, with towers high into the heavens, and astoundingly intricate architecture. It covers the literature on meaning with enviable completeness and weaves together the many and various strands within that literature, ‘towering’ over the debates and issues and provides a wide and inclusive perspective on them. Meaning in Life is a striking achievement and, just as the intricacy of those fortresses testified to the growing maturity of architecture, so (...)
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  32. added 2019-10-05
    Let the Dice Play God.Damiano Anselmi - manuscript
    We define life as the amplification of quantum uncertainty up to macroscopic scales. A living being is any amplifier that achieves this goal. We argue that everything we know about life can be explained from this idea. We study a ladder mechanism to estimate the probability that the amplification occurs spontaneously in nature. The amplification mechanism is so sensitive to small variations of its own parameters that it acts as a bifurcation itself, i.e. it implies that the universe is either (...)
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  33. added 2019-10-04
    Are Lives Worth Creating? (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2019 - Gendai-Shiso 47 (14):94-113.
    Translation of an article about Benatar's anti-natalism into Japanese by Sho Yamaguchi. Originally appeared in Philosophical Papers (2011).
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  34. added 2019-09-19
    The Meaning of Life.Barry Smith & Berit Brogaard - 2000 - Mcmaster, Reservation X:31--40.
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  35. added 2019-09-10
    Meaning of Life in Death situation from Wittgenstein Point of View using Grounded Theory.Hoshyar Naderpoor, Reza Akbari & Meysam Latifi - 2017 - Falsafeh: The Iranian Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):95-111.
    This study focuses on the experimental and philosophical analysis of the meaning of life in death situation, according to Wittgenstein’s way of life and sayings during the war. The method of extraction and analysis of information is grounded theory. For this purpose, Wittgenstein’s writings such as his letters and memories, and other’s texts about his life and his internal moods were analyzed. After analyzing the collected information and categorizing them in frames of open codes, axial codes, etc. we recognized that (...)
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  36. added 2019-07-31
    On Existence and Value. Du Zhou - unknown
    It may be a deep, yet often ignored, human need for a human being to have value. In this paper, I firstly point out the problem of value, which is, roughly, how to find a way for a human being to have value. Then, I point out the problem of existence, which is a related problem, which is, roughly, how to affirm existence in an absolute manner. After that, I propose a solution to the problem of existence, which is a (...)
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  37. added 2019-07-08
    The Meaning of Life.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A 4000 word critical overview of recent Anglo-American philosophical books devoted to life's meaning.
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  38. added 2019-07-07
    Meaning.Thaddeus Metz - 2019 - In Graham Oppy (ed.), A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 355-366.
    A critical discussion of contemporary analytic philosophical literature arguing against the relevance of God for life's meaning.
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  39. added 2019-07-07
    The Meaning of Life (Annotated Bibliography).Thaddeus Metz - 2010 - In Duncan Pritchard (ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online. Oxford University Press.
    A lengthy annotated bibliography of some of the key literature on analytical philosophical approaches to life's meaning as of 2010.
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  40. added 2019-06-24
    How Human Life Matters in the Universe: A Reply to David Benatar.Brooke Alan Trisel - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 9 (1):1-15.
    In his book, The Human Predicament, David Benatar claims that our individual lives and human life, in general, do not make a difference beyond Earth and, therefore, are meaningless from the vast, cosmic perspective. In this paper, I will explain how what we do matters from the cosmic perspective. I will provide examples of how human beings have transcended our limits, thereby giving human life some meaning from the cosmic perspective. Also, I will argue that human life could become even (...)
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  41. added 2019-06-24
    Why the Indifference of the Universe is Irrelevant to Life’s Meaning.Brooke Alan Trisel - 2019 - Human Affairs 29 (4):453-461.
    When pessimists claim that human life is meaningless, they often also assert that the universe is “blind to good and evil” and “indifferent to us”. How, if it all, is the indifference of the universe relevant to whether life is meaningful? To answer this question, and to know whether we should be concerned that the universe is indifferent, we need a clearer and deeper understanding of the concept of “cosmic indifference”, which I will seek to provide. I will argue that (...)
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    Morality and the Meaning of Life: An Introduction to Ethical Theory. [REVIEW]Eugene Schlossberger - 1995 - Teaching Philosophy 18 (4):372-374.
  43. added 2019-06-06
    The Busy Beaver Game and the Meaning of Life.Arnold Oberschelp & Allen H. Brady - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1091.
  44. added 2019-06-05
    Morality, Objective Value and Living a Meaningful Life: A Reply to Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano's Essay ‘Living Well’.Max Loxterkamp - 2016 - Think 15 (43):117-123.
    In their essay 'Living Well', Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano argue that to live a meaningful life all we must do is find personal satisfaction and enjoyment. They argue against other philosophers who claim that 'objectively valuable' activities are what make a life meaningful. There are two problems with what they argue in the essay. The first relates to a particular criticism they make of some of those philosophers taking the contrary view, in regards to the difficulty those philosophers (...)
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  45. added 2019-06-05
    Social Media and Living Well.Berrin A. Beasley & Mitchell R. Haney (eds.) - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    With each major technological shift, the question of well-being arises with new purpose. In this book, leading scholars in the philosophy and communication disciplines bring together their knowledge and expertise in an attempt to define what well-being means in this perpetually connected environment.
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  46. added 2019-06-05
    The Meaning and the Mystery of Life: Response to an Article by Laurence Peddle : Watson the Meaning and the Mystery of Life.Brenda Watson - 2014 - Think 13 (36):93-104.
    Laurence Peddle's article ‘the Meaning and the Mystery of Life’ poses fascinating questions concerning the purpose or non-purpose of life and the interpretation of experience. My response questions his use of terms such as meaning, mystery and life-after-death, and his appeal to Hume on personal identity. Reason per se cannot take us all the way, nevertheless I enumerate reasons for caution in dismissing other people's self-understanding. The link between interpretation of experience and assumptions already held argues strongly for accepting the (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-05
    Book ReviewsJohn Cottingham,. On the Meaning of Life.London: Routledge, 2003. Pp. 124. $95.00 ; $17.99 .John Cottingham,. The Spiritual Dimension: Religion, Philosophy and Human Value.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. 186. $70.00 ; $24.99. [REVIEW]Wayne Proudfoot - 2007 - Ethics 117 (3):549-552.
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  48. added 2019-06-05
    A Meaningful Life in a Meaningless Cosmos? Two Rival Approaches.Sami Pihlström - 2007 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 3 (1):4-17.
    This paper discusses the ancient problem of meaningful life. Given the amount of evil and absurdity in the world around us, how can human life be experienced as meaningful? Two traditional approaches to this issue are identified and critically discussed: the life of action and the life of contemplation. It is argued that none of these can resolve the problem in a satisfactory manner. Finally, the notion of guilt is briefly taken up as one potential source of meaning.
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  49. added 2019-06-05
    A Meaning to Life for £15: Cave A Meaning to Life.Peter Cave - 2004 - Think 3 (7):43-48.
    Peter Cave gets to grips with maths, God and the meaning of life.
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  50. added 2019-06-05
    Philosophy and the Meaning of Life.Karl Britton - 1969 - London: Cambridge University Press.
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1 — 50 / 570