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  1. Blinding Me with (Queer) Science: Religion, Sexuality, and (Post?) Modernity. [REVIEW]Ellen Armour - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1):107-119.
    This essay brings to bear insights from continental philosophers Michel Foucault and Judith Butler on the science of (homo)sexuality and, more importantly, the desire to use such science to resolve contemporary conflicts over homosexuality’s acceptability. So-called queer science remains deeply beholden to modern notions of sex, gender, and sexuality, the author argues, a schematic that its premodern (Christian) roots further denaturalize. The philosophical insights drawn from this analysis are then applied to the controversy over homosexuality within global Christianity that often (...)
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  2. Mapping Desire: Geographies of Sexualities.David Bell & Gill Valentine (eds.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    Discover the truth about sex in the city (and the country). Mapping Desire explores the places and spaces of sexuality from body to community, from the "cottage" to the Barrio, from Boston to Jakarta, from home to cyberspace. Mapping Desire is the first book to explore sexualities from a geographical perspective. The nature of place and notions of space are of increasing centrality to cultural and social theory. Mapping Desires presents the rich and diverse world of contemporary sexuality, exploring how (...)
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  3. Exotic Becomes Erotic: Explaining the Enigma of Sexual Orientation.Daryl Bem - manuscript
    In this address, I outline my “Exotic-Becomes-Erotic" theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) , which provides the same basic account for both opposite-sex and same-sex erotic desire—and for both men and women. It proposes that biological variables do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child’s preferences for sextypical or sex-atypical activities. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-sex or same-sex peers—to perceive them as “exotic.” This, in turn, produces heightened physiological (...)
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  4. Gay Science. [REVIEW]Robert Brookey - 1998 - Radical Philosophy 91.
  5. The Productive Power of Ambiguity: Rethinking Homosexuality Through the Virtual and Developmental Systems Theory.Ann Burlein - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (1):21-53.
    This paper juxtaposes Deleuze's notion of the virtual alongside Oyama's notion of a developmental system in order to explore the promises and perils of thinking bodily identity as indeterminate at a time when new technologies render bodily ambiguity increasingly productive of both economic profit and power relations.
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  6. Religion, Genetics, and Sexual Orientation: The Jewish Tradition.Dena S. Davis - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):pp. 125-148.
    This paper probes the implications of a genetic basis for sexual orientation for traditional branches of Judaism, which are struggling with how accepting to be of noncelibate gays and lesbians in their communities. The paper looks at the current attitudes toward homosexuality across the different branches of Judaism; social and cultural factors that work against acceptance; attitudes toward science in Jewish culture; and the likelihood that scientific evidence that sexual orientation is at least partly genetically determined will influence Jewish scholars' (...)
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  7. What Is Sexual Orientation?Robin A. Dembroff - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16 (3).
    Ordinary discourse is filled with discussions about ‘sexual orientation’. This discourse might suggest a common understanding of what sexual orientation is. But even a cursory search turns up vastly differing, conflicting, and sometimes ethically troubling characterizations of sexual orientation. The conceptual jumble surrounding sexual orientation suggests that the topic is overripe for philosophical exploration. This paper lays the groundwork for such an exploration. In it, I offer an account of sexual orientation – called ‘Bidimensional Dispositionalism’ – according to which sexual (...)
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  8. Greek Sexual Choices David M. Halperin: One Hundred Years of Homosexuality and Other Essays on Greek Love. (Classical Studies/Cultural Series.) Pp. X + 230; 5 B/W Photographs. New York and London: Routledge, 1990. Paper, £9.99. [REVIEW]K. J. Dover - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (01):161-162.
  9. The “Natural” And Homosexuality.James A. Gould - 1988 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):51-54.
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  10. The “Natural” and Homosexuality.Jarnes A. Gould - 1988 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):51-54.
  11. ""How "Natural" Are "Kinds" of Sexual Orientation?I. Hacking - 2002 - Law and Philosophy 21 (1):95-107.
  12. Homosexuality as Contagion: From the Well of Loneliness to the Boy Scouts.Nancy J. Knauer - manuscript
    In the political arena, there are currently two central and competing views of homosexuality. Pro-family organizations, working from a contagion model of homosexuality, contend that homosexuality is an immoral, unhealthy, and freely chosen vice. Many pro-gay organizations espouse an identity model of homosexuality under which sexual orientation is an immutable, unchosen, and benign characteristic. Both pro-family and pro-gay organizations believe that to define homosexuality is to control its legal and political status. This sometimes bitter debate regarding the nature of same-sex (...)
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  13. Why Sex (Offending) Is Different.Richard L. Lippke - 2011 - Criminal Justice Ethics 30 (2):151-172.
    The central premise is that a significant amount of sex offending stems from unusual or inappropriate sexual preferences that appear in early adolescence, are relatively stable, and immutable. In those ways, they are like more ordinary sexual preferences, generating sexual impulses that are insistent. Individuals are strongly tempted to act on them, alternatives to satisfying them are unfulfilling, and complete long-term control of such impulses is unlikely. Yet, since individuals with sexual preferences for inappropriate objects or activities are neither morally (...)
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  14. Homosexuality.Brent Pickett - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  15. Homosexualization and Collectivism.Lee C. Rice - 2000 - Philosophy and Theology 12 (2):275-292.
    I examine the new analysis of gay community and liberation offered by Dennis Altman in The Homosexualization of America. Three distinctive theoretical constructs are analyzed and criticized: (1) a new view of psychosocial development; (2) a new concept of gay identity; and (3) A set of causal hypotheses designed to explain the new direction of the gay subculture.
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  16. Freud and Homosexuality.Paul Robinson - 1999 - Constellations 6 (1):80-84.
  17. Science and Homosexualities.Vernon A. Rosario (ed.) - 1997 - Routledge.
    Science and Homosexualities is the first anthology by historians of science to examine European and American scientific research on sexual orientation since the coining of the word "homosexual" almost 150 years ago. This collection is particularly timely given the enormous scientific and popular interest in biological studies of homosexuality, and the importance given such studies in current legal, legislative and cultural debates concerning gay civil rights. However, scientific and popular literature discussing the biology of sexual orientation have been short-sighted in (...)
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  18. Homosexuality: A Philosophical Inquiry.Michael Ruse - 1990 - Blackwell.
Essentialism about Sexual Orientation
  1. Born That Way? The Metaphysics of Queer Liberation.Maren Behrensen - 2013 - APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues 12 (2):2-7.
  2. The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry.Noretta Koertge (ed.) - 1981 - Haworth Press.
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  3. Queer Science.Simon LeVay - 1996 - MIT Press.
  4. Deviant Sexual Behaviour: Modification and Assessment.R. C. Lyle - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (4):197-198.
Sexual Orientation as Biological
  1. Exotic Becomes Erotic: A Political Postscript.Daryl Bem - manuscript
    This article is a postscript to Bem's (1996) theory of sexual orientation, which claims that an individual's sexual orientation is more directly the result of childhood experiences than of inborn biological factors. The possibility that the theory provides a successful strategy for preventing gender-nonconforming children from becoming homosexual adults is considered and rejected. So, too, is the thesis that biological explanations of homosexuality are more likely than experience-based explanations to promote gay-positive attitudes and practices.
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  2. Exotic Becomes Erotic: Interpreting the Biological Correlates of Sexual Orientation.Daryl Bem - manuscript
    Although biological findings currently dominate the research literature on the de- terminants of sexual orientation, biological theorizing has not yet spelled out a developmental path by which any of the various biological correlates so far iden- tified might lead to a particular sexual orientation. The Exotic-Becomes-Erotic (EBE) theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) attempts to do just that, by sug- gesting how biological variables might interact with experiential and sociocultural factors to influence an individual’s sexual orientation. Evidence for the theory (...)
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  3. Darwinizing Sexual Ambivalence: A New Evolutionary Hypothesis of Male Homosexuality.Andreas De Block & Pieter Adriaens - 2004 - Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):59 – 76.
    At first sight, homosexuality has little to do with reproduction. Nevertheless, many neo-Darwinian theoreticians think that human homosexuality may have had a procreative value, since it enabled the close kin of homosexuals to have more viable offspring than individuals lacking the support of homosexual siblings. In this article, however, we will defend an alternative hypothesis - originally put forward by Freud in "A phylogenetic phantasy" - namely that homosexuality evolved as a means to strengthen social bonds. Consequently, from an evolutionary (...)
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  4. Biological Explanations of Human Sexuality: The Genetic Basis of Sexual Orientation.Christopher Horvath - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
  5. A Gender- and Sexual Orientation-Dependent Spatial Attentional Effect of Invisible Images.Yi Jiang, Patricia Costello, Fang Fang, Miner Huang & Sheng He - 2006 - Pnas 103 (45):17048 -17052.
  6. A New Group-Selection Model for the Evolution of Homosexuality.Jeff Kirby - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):683-694.
    Abstract. Scientists have long puzzled over how homosexual orientation has evolved, given the assumed low relative fitness of homosexual individuals compared to heterosexual individuals. A number of theoretical models for the evolution of homosexuality have been postulated including balance polymorphism, "Fertile females", hypervariability of DNA sequences, kin selection, and "parental manipulation". In this paper, I propose a new group-selection model for the evolution of homosexuality which offers two advantages over existing models: (1) its non-assumption of genetic determinism, and (2) its (...)
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  7. Constructing and Deconstructing the 'Gay Gene': Media Reporting of Genetics, Sexual Diversity and 'Deviance'.J. Kitzinger - unknown
  8. The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry.Noretta Koertge (ed.) - 1981 - Haworth Press.
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  9. Queer Science.Simon LeVay - 1996 - MIT Press.
  10. Biological Aspects of Homosexuality.M. MacCulloch - 1980 - Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (3):133-138.
  11. Queer Science: The Use and Abuse of Research Into Homosexuality.Charles Weijer - unknown
Sexual Orientation as Socially Constructed
  1. Where “Sex” Is Born(E): Intersexed Births and the Social Urgency of Heterosexuality. [REVIEW]Roger Adkins - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (2):117-133.
    Our beloved “genders” of the present moment are neither universal nor trans-historical presences in the world. The specific gender order which we employ today is the legacy of a particular cultural and political history, and there is still a great deal at stake in preserving it. As a graduate student I stumbled upon the topic of intersexuality a few years ago and found myself enthralled with its implications. Continuing to present itself inspite of all our scientific knowledge about the supposed (...)
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  2. The Evolution of a Social Construction: The Case of Male Homosexuality.Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas De Block - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):570-585.
  3. Homosexuality Within the Context of Social Institutionalisation and Moral Sense.Dominique Bauer - 2006 - Ethical Perspectives 13 (1):61-89.
    The social and ethical framework of opposition toward homosexuality and, for example, gay marriage and gay parenting must be understood both from the process of institutionalism within Western society and from the essentialist view of human beings and the construction of their identities.This essentialist context of humanity and society, however, must be put in opposition to the social definition of human existence and identity. The latter are the dynamic and never-completed result of personal and social interrelation.Therefore, they cannot be separated (...)
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  4. Exotic Becomes Erotic: A Political Postscript.Daryl Bem - manuscript
    This article is a postscript to Bem's (1996) theory of sexual orientation, which claims that an individual's sexual orientation is more directly the result of childhood experiences than of inborn biological factors. The possibility that the theory provides a successful strategy for preventing gender-nonconforming children from becoming homosexual adults is considered and rejected. So, too, is the thesis that biological explanations of homosexuality are more likely than experience-based explanations to promote gay-positive attitudes and practices.
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  5. Sex, Gender and Heteronormativity: Seeing |[Lsquo]|Some Like It Hot|[Rsquo]| as a Heterosexual Dystopia.Terrell Carver - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (2):125.
    Billy Wilder's classic film ‘Some Like It Hot’ prefigures Judith Butler's concept of performativity in relation to sex, gender and sexuality. Butler introduced this in Gender Trouble , demonstrating that sex, gender and sexuality are naturalized effects of citation and repetition. In that text she explains that denaturalization is visibly demonstrated by drag. Later in Bodies that Matter she argues that drag in ‘Some Like It Hot’ does not denaturalize heterosexuality, but rather fortifies it. What then for Butler divides denaturalizing (...)
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  6. A Foucauldian Analysis of Homosexuality.George Drazenovich - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):259-275.
    The present research paper approaches homosexuality from a Foucauldian perspective. Foucault's place and standing in a postmodern historical and cultural context will be explained. The paper outlines how homosexuality has been historically constructed and socially constituted. How sexuality became understood as a particular form of discourse, that is as a science, will be explored particularly with regard to the strategic use of confession as a producer of knowledge. I will present how homosexuality, as a medicalized, ontological identity was implanted in (...)
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  7. The Social Construction of What?Ian Hacking - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
    Especially troublesome in this dispute is the status of the natural sciences, and this is where Hacking finds some of his most telling cases, from the conflict ...
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  8. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: And Other Essays on Greek Love.David Halperin - 1990 - Routledge.
    One. Hundred. Years. of. Homosexuality. I. In 1992, when the patriots among us will be celebrating the fivehundredth anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, our cultural historians may wish to mark the centenary of  ...
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  9. Constructing and Deconstructing the 'Gay Gene': Media Reporting of Genetics, Sexual Diversity and 'Deviance'.J. Kitzinger - unknown
  10. The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry.Noretta Koertge (ed.) - 1981 - Haworth Press.
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  11. The Lesbian June Cleaver: Heterosexism and Lesbian Mothering.Bonnie Mann - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (1):149-165.
    : For many of us, entry into motherhood involves an ambiguous visibility and intelligibility, where our acceptance into mainstream spaces as mothers entails a loss of lesbian difference. Mann explores this loss using the work of two philosophers of lesbian difference, Monique Wittig and Judith Butler. She argues that the figure of the lesbian mother is deployed on a broad cultural scale to reinvigorate and renaturalize the myth of the happy, natural, heterosexual mother.
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  12. The Construct of Sexual Orientation in Ordinary Language.Catherine J. Neighbors - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Nevada, Reno
    Reviews of studies on sexual orientation reveal that researchers have not developed a clear conceptual definition of sexual orientation and that most researchers have failed to provide a theoretical framework for their studies. While some scholars recognize the conceptual confusion that has plagued the development of a theory of sexual orientation, most researchers study sexual orientation as if it were an immutable, essential nature of an individual without questioning how social context influences categorization. The problem with this approach is that (...)
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  13. Epistemology of the Closet.Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick - 1990 - University of California Press.
    Proust. and. the. Spectacle. of. the. Closet. "Vous devez vous y entendre mieux que moi, M. de Charlus, a faire marcher des petits marins. . . . Tenez, voici unlivreque j'ai recu, jepensequ'il vous interessera. . . . Letitreest joli: Parmiles hommes.
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Sexual Orientation as a Choice
  1. Is Homosexuality Natural?James Gould - 1994 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):57-58.
  2. The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry.Noretta Koertge (ed.) - 1981 - Haworth Press.
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  3. Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation.William S. Wilkerson - 2009 - Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):97-116.
    Argues that choice, as a form of interpretation, is completely intertwined with the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. Sexual orientation is not simply a given, or determined aspect of personality.
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