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  1. Metafore, modelli, linguaggio scientifico: il dibattito postempirista.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1988 - In Melchiorre Virgilio (ed.), Simbolo e conoscenza. Milan, Italy: VIta e Pensiero. pp. 31-102.
    I discuss Mary Hess’s interaction-view of scientific metaphor, outline an alternative view and show how it may prove fruitful when applied to chapters of the history of science. I start with a reconstruction of the discussion on the nature of scientific models and on their relationship to metaphors that has taken place in the Anglo-Saxon philosophy of Science starting from the Fifties; the discovery started with Stephen Pepper and Kenneth Burke, reaching Thomas Kuhn, Marx Wartofsky, and George Lakoff via Max (...)
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  2. Friedman and Some of His Critics on the Foundations of General Relativity.Ryan Samaroo - forthcoming - Einstein Studies.
    The paper is an examination of Michael Friedman’s analysis of the conceptual structure of Einstein’s theory of gravitation, with a particular focus on a number of critical reactions to it. Friedman argues that conceptual frameworks in physics are stratified, and that a satisfactory analysis of a framework requires us to recognize the differences in epistemological character of its components. He distinguishes first-level principles that define a framework of empirical investigation from second-level principles that are formulable in that framework. On his (...)
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  3. Newtonian Mechanics and its Philosophical Significance.Ryan Samaroo - forthcoming - In Eleanor Knox & A. Wilson (eds.), Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Physics. London, UK: Routledge.
    Newtonian mechanics is more than just an empirically successful theory of matter in motion: it is an account of what knowledge of the physical world should look like. But what is this account? What is distinctive about it? To answer these questions, I begin by introducing the laws of motion, the relations among them, and the spatio-temporal framework that is implicit in them. Then I turn to the question of their methodological character. This has been the locus of philosophical discussion (...)
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  4. Henri Poincaré and Charles Renouvier on Conventions; or, How Science Is Like Politics.Warren Schmaus - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (2):182-198.
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  5. The Contemporary State of Philosophy of Science in Britain.Colin Howson & John Worrall - 1974 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):363-374.
    Some of the problem areas in which British philosophers of science have recently been engaged are described and some of the major contributions noted. Two sets of problems are given special attention: one concerned with the analysis of probability statements and one concerned with the appraisal of scientific theories. Three traditions in the approach to this second set of problems are distinguished. These might be called the Carnapian, the Popperian and the Wittgensteinian traditions.
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  6. A Functional Analysis of Scientific Theories.Harold I. Brown - 1979 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (1):119-140.
    Scientific theories are analyzed in terms of the role that they play in science rather than in terms of their logical structure. It is maintained that theories: provide descriptions of the fundamental features of their domains; on the basis of 1, explain non-fundamental features of their domains; provide a guide for further research in their domains. Any set of propositions that carries out these functions with respect to some domain counts as a theory. This view of theories is developed and (...)
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  7. Some Disputed Aspects of Inertia, with Particular Reference to the Equivalence Principle.Ryan Samaroo - 2013 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario
    This thesis is a contribution to the foundations of space-time theories. It examines the proper understanding of the Newtonian and 1905 inertial frame concepts and the critical analysis of these concepts that was motivated by the equivalence principle. This is the hypothesis that it is impossible to distinguish locally between a homogeneous gravitational field and a uniformly accelerated frame. The three essays that comprise this thesis address, in one way or another, the criteria through which the inertial frame concepts are (...)
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  8. Understanding: Art and Science.Catherine Z. Elgin - 1993 - Synthese 95 (1):13-28.
    The arts and the sciences perform many of the same cognitive functions, both serving to advance understanding. This paper explores some of the ways exemplification operates in the two fields. Both scientific experiments and works of art highlight, underscore, display, or convey some of their own features. They thereby focus attention on them, and make them available for examination and projection. Thus, the Michelson-Morley experiment exemplifies the constancy of the speed of light. Jackson Pollock's "Number One" exemplifies the viscosity of (...)
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  9. Methodology, Epistemology, and Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Wolfgang Stegmüller on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday.Brent Mundy - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):361-362.
  10. The Semantic View, Empirical Adequacy, and Application.Mauricio Suárez - 2005 - Critica 37 (109):29-63.
    It is widely accepted in contemporary philosophy of science that the domain of application of a theory is typically larger than its explanatory covering power: theories can be applied to phenomena that they do not explain. I argue for an analogous thesis regarding the notion of empirical adequacy. A theory's domain of application is typically larger than its domain of empirical adequacy: theories are often applied to phenomena from which they receive no empirical confirmation. \\\ Existe en la filosofía de (...)
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  11. The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories. Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy. Robert G. Colodny.J. E. Bolzan - 1972 - Isis 63 (2):256-257.
  12. Do We Need a ‘Theory’ of Development?: Alessandro Minelli and Thomas Pradeu : Towards a Theory of Development. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014, 304 Pp, $125 , ISBN 978-0-19-967142-7.Ingo Brigandt - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (4):603-617.
    Edited by Alessandro Minelli and Thomas Pradeu, Towards a Theory of Development gathers essays by biologists and philosophers, which display a diversity of theoretical perspectives. The discussions not only cover the state of art, but broaden our vision of what development includes and provide pointers for future research. Interestingly, all contributors agree that explanations should not just be gene-centered, and virtually none use design and other engineering metaphors to articulate principles of cellular and organismal organization. I comment in particular on (...)
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  13. Second Order Science: Putting the Metaphysics Back Into the Practice of Science.Michael Lissack - manuscript
    The traditional sciences have always had trouble with ambiguity. Through the imposition of “enabling constraints” -- making a set of assumptions and then declaring ceteris paribus -- science can bracket away ambiguity. These enabling constraints take the form of uncritically examined presuppositions or “uceps.” Second order science examines variations in values assumed for these uceps and looks at the resulting impacts on related scientific claims. After rendering explicit the role of uceps in scientific claims, the scientific method is used to (...)
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  14. Symptoms of Unknown Origin a Medical Odyssey.Clifton K. Meador - 2005
    Symptoms of Unknown Origin: A Medical Odyssey details exceptions to the prevailing viewpoint of doctors, which is that the best way to diagnose and treat patients is by using the biomolecular model of disease.
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  15. Disease and its Control the Shaping of Modern Thought.Robert P. Hudson - 1983
    This book is . . . a survey history of medicine from the earliest times, centered thematically on how changing concepts of disease have affected its management. . . . One finds a gratifying mastery of recent as well as classic scholarship in medical history and a careful sidestepping of positivistic excesses. . . . Disease and Its Control is a fresh and welcome synthesis of historical scholarship that will be accessible to interested laymen. (Annals of Internal Medicine).
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  16. Theories in Contexts on the Interpretation of Scientific Theories.Tihamér Margitay - 1998
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  17. Robert C. Colodny , "The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories, Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy".Hugh Lehman - 1974 - Theory and Decision 4 (3/4):385.
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  18. The Validation of Scientific Theories. [REVIEW]R. D. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):718-718.
    This book brings together a series of papers presented at the 1953 meeting in Boston of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and published in various issues of The Scientific Monthly. The papers deal with the criteria for scientific theories, operationalism, psychoanalysis, organism and machine, and science as a social and historical phenomenon. The contributors are particularly well-chosen. -- D. R.
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  19. Review Of: Christopher G. Timpson, Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW]Michael E. Cuffaro - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (4):681-684,.
  20. About Limits of Growth for Scientific Theories.Kuno Lorenz - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 12 (1):79-83.
    If self-determination shall apply as a norm also to scientific research and presentation, there are beside empirical limitations regarding data production, also conceptual limitations to data processing, because nobody can rely on knowledge by firsthand authority only. A transfer-condition (knowledge by n-th hand authority should " in principle" be available by first-hand authority) in order to save scientific rationality is shown to be equivalent with following "open" discourses, i.e. argumentations which combine competition and cooperation through developing the means to overcome (...)
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  21. Reconsidering the Received View of the 'Received View': Kant, Kuhn, and the Demise of Positivist Philosophy of Science.D. Wade Hands - 2003 - Social Epistemology 17 (2-3):169-173.
  22. Rooks Received.Robert P. George & Natural Law - 1999 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 73 (4).
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  23. Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-The Structure of Scientific Theories Thirty Years On-Understanding Scientific Theories: An Assessment of Developments, 1969-1998. [REVIEW]Nick Huggett, Steven French & Frederick Suppe - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3).
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  24. Laws, Theories, and Generalizations.Ronald Giere - 1988 - In A. Grünbaum & W. Salmon (eds.), The Limits of Deductivism. University of California Press, Berkeley, Ca. pp. 37--46.
  25. Laws and Theories.Mary Hesse - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 4--404.
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  26. Structures of Scientific Theories1.Carl F. Graver - 2002 - In Peter Machamer Michael Silberstein (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 7--55.
  27. The Structuralist View of Theories.René Thom - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):198-204.
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  28. Empirical Factors and Structure Transference: Returning to the London Account.Otávio Bueno, Steven French & James Ladyman - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (2):95-104.
  29. The Structure of the Scientific Theory and the Structure of the Object.I. V. Kuznetsov - 1968 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 7 (2):15-26.
    Knowledge is systemic by its nature. The highest expression of the systematic character of knowledge is to be found in scientific theories. Any scientific theory is a rigorously organized conceptual system, quite complex in structure. What defines the manner in which knowledge is organized in a theory? Is it independent of the nature and structural features of that sphere of the material world for cognition of which the theory was created, or is it conditioned by these features and does it (...)
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  30. The Science of Philosophy.Wayne A. Davis - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):929-930.
    This book is mainly a review of those areas of philosophy most closely associated with science. The author generally describes the positions held by representative philosophers in the analytic tradition, quoting liberally, and indicating his approval or disapproval. The review begins with philosophy of science. The scientific method is described as the process of collecting facts by observation and then using induction and deduction to set up theories with explanatory and predictive power. An exposition of the Hempel and Oppenheim theory (...)
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  31. Cognitive Models in the Philosophy of Science.Ronald N. Giere - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:319 - 328.
    This paper provides a general defense of the idea that the cognitive sciences provide models that are useful for exploring issues that have traditionally occupied philosophers of science. Questions about the nature of theories, for example, are assimilated into studies of the nature of cognitive representations, while questions concerning the choice of theories fall under studies of human judgment and decision making. The implications of adopting "a cognitive approach" are explored, particularly the rejection of foundationist epistemologies which might provide a (...)
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  32. Reduction and Realism.Margaret Morrison - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:286 - 293.
    In The Foundations of Space-Time Theories Friedman argues for a literal realistic interpretation about theoretical structures that participate in theory unification. His account of the relationship between observational and theoretical structure is characterized as that of model to submodel and involves a reductivist strategy that allows for the conjunction of certain theoretical structures with other structures which, taken together, form a truly unified theory. Friedman criticizes the representational account for its failure to allow for a literal interpretation and conjunction of (...)
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  33. The Semantic Approach and Its Application to Evolutionary Theory.Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:278 - 285.
    In this talk I do three things. First, I review what I take to be fruitful applications of the semantic view of theory structure to evolutionary theory. Second, I list and correct three common misunderstandings about the semantic view. Third, I evaluate the weaknesses and strengths of Horan's paper in this symposium. Specifically, I argue that the criticisms leveled against the semantic view by Horan are inappropriate because they incorporate some basic misconceptions about the semantic view itself.
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  34. A Preliminary Application of Frame-Theory to the Philosophy of Science: The Phlogiston-Oxygen Case.Gerhard Schurz & Ioannis Votsis - unknown
    In the first part of this paper we investigate how scientific theories can be represented by frames. Different kinds of scientific theories can be distinguished in terms of the systematic power of their frames. In the second part we outline the central questions and goals of our research project. In the third and final part of this paper we show that frame-representation is a useful tool in the comparison of the theories of phlogiston and oxygen, despite those theories being traditionally (...)
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  35. Simplicity, Truth, and the Unending Game of Science.Kevin Kelly - unknown
    This paper presents a new explanation of how preferring the simplest theory compatible with experience assists one in finding the true answer to a scientific question when the answers are theories or models. Inquiry is portrayed as an unending game between science and nature in which the scientist aims to converge to the true theory on the basis of accumulating information. Simplicity is a topological invariant reflecting sequences of theory choices that nature can force an arbitrary, convergent scientist to produce. (...)
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  36. “Once Upon a Time” Philosophy of Science: STS, Science Policy and the Semantic View of Scientific Theories. [REVIEW]Enrico Viola - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):465-480.
    Is a policy-friendly philosophy of science possible? In order to respond this question, I consider a particular instance of contemporary philosophy of science, the semantic view of scientific theories, by placing it in the broader methodological landscape of the integration of philosophy of science into STS (Science and Technology Studies) as a component of the overall contribution of the latter to science policy. In that context, I defend a multi-disciplinary methodological integration of the special discipline composing STS against a reductionist (...)
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  37. Nursing Knowledge: Science, Practice, and Philosophy.Mark W. Risjord - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The final chapter of the book 'redraws the map', to create a new picture of nursing science based on the following principles: Problems of practice should guide ...
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  38. The Structure of Scientific Theories in Logical Empiricism.Thomas Mormann - 2007 - In A. Richardson & T. Uebel (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism. Cambridge University Press.
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  39. Confirmatory Models of Theories.Robert Ackermann - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (64):312-326.
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  40. Why Worry About Theory‐Dependence? Circularity, Minimal Empiricality and Reliability.Matthias Adam - 2004 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (2 & 3):117 – 132.
    It is a widely shared view among philosophers of science that the theory-dependence (or theory-ladenness) of observations is worrying, because it can bias empirical tests in favour of the tested theories. These doubts are taken to be dispelled if an observation is influenced by a theory independent of the tested theory and thus circularity is avoided, while (partially) circular tests are taken to require special attention. Contrary to this consensus, it is argued that the epistemic value of theory-dependent tests has (...)
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  41. On Theories.Michael D. Alder - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (2):213-226.
    An axiom set is given which purports to formalize the notion of a "theory involving measurement." The abstract objects satisfying these axioms are examined, and some candidates for measures of complexity are considered. This framework allows us to discuss some forms of a degree of confirmation. Both "complexity" and "degree of confirmation" appear to be intimately bound up with geometrical aspects of these "theories" which derive from measurement considerations, suggesting that the concepts may be inapplicable to more "general theories." The (...)
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  42. Theory-Construction and Theory-Testing.Peter Alexander - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (33):29-38.
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  43. Generalized Net Structures of Empirical Theories. I.Wolfgang Balzer & Joseph D. Sneed - 1977 - Studia Logica 36 (3):195 - 211.
  44. Generalized Net Structures of Empirical Theories. II.Wolfgang Balzer & Joseph D. Sneed - 1978 - Studia Logica 37 (2):167 - 194.
  45. Structuralist Theory of Science: Focal Issues, New Results.Wolfgang Balzer & Carlos Ulises Moulines (eds.) - 1996 - De Gruyter.
  46. On Behalf of the Semantic View.John Beaty - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):17-23.
    responses to Sloep and Van der Steen, Biol. Philos. 1987 (2)33.
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  47. Theory, Observation, and Drama.Simon Blackburn - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):187-203.
  48. A Theory of Theories.David Craig - unknown
    On the basis of examples from mathematical physics, theoretical hypotheses are distinguished from generative theories. An example of the former is Green’s claim that light is the vibrations of a certain type of elastic solid. An example of the later is the wave theory of light. Both hypotheses and theories are characterized in terms of theoretical principles and models, but unique to a theory is a language frame for generating its many models. The aim of theory is defined in terms (...)
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  49. An Architectonic for Science: The Structuralist Programm.José Antonio Diez & Andoni Ibarra - 1987 - Theoria 3 (1):567-585.
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  50. Similaridades, Isomorfismos Y Homeomorfismos Entre Representaciones Científicas (Similitudes, Isomorfisms and Homeomorfisms Among Scientific Representations).Javier Echeverría - 1998 - Theoria 13 (1):89-112.
    La concepción semántica en filosofía de la ciencia propuso las relaciones de isomorfismo (van Fraassen) y semejanza (Giere) para analizar las representaciones científicas. Recientemente, Ibarra y Mormann han sugerido una geometrización de la concepción representacional en filosofía de la ciencia. Este artículo afirma que es precisa una relación mas general (la de homeomorfismo) para reconstruir las representaciones científicas externas que son utilizadas en la practica científica contemporánea, y especialmente en la visualización científica digitalizada.The semantical view on philosophy of science has (...)
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