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  1. Transcendental Schematism and The Problem of the Synthetic A Priori.Henry E. Allison - 1981 - Dialectica 35 (1):57-83.
    SummaryThe paper is concerned with the connection between Kant's conception of transcendental schematism and his analysis of the conditions of the possibility of synthetic a priori judgments. After dealing with some of the standard objections to Kant's theory, I argue that transcendental schemata must be construed as pure intuitions. I then point out that the Principles of Pure Understanding are a set of synthetic a priori judgments which assert the function of the various schemata as necessary conditions of the possibility (...)
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  2. Synthesis, Cognitive Normativity, and the Meaning of Kant's Question, 'How Are Synthetic Cognitions a Priori Possible?'.R. Lanier Anderson - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):275–305.
  3. Passive Knowledge: How to Make Sense of Kant's A Priori——Or How Not to Be “Too Busily Subsuming”.Constantin Antonopoulos - 2011 - Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):39.
    Subjectivists, taking the “collapse” of the observation-interpretation contrast much too seriously, are led to imagine that even perceptual knowledge is active. And therefore subject dependent. Turning the tables on this popular trend, I argue that even conceptual knowledge is passive. Kant’s epistemology is conceptual. But if also active, then incoherent. If synthetic a priori truths are to follow upon our mental activity, they were neither true nor, far less, a priori before that activity. “A priori” and “active” are contradictory attributes (...)
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  4. The a Priori Authority of Testimony.Robert Audi - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):18–34.
  5. A Priori and a Posteriori.Jason S. Baehr - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The terms "a priori" and "a posteriori" refer primarily to how or on what basis a proposition might be known. A proposition is knowable a priori if it is knowable independently of experience. A proposition is knowable a posteriori if it is knowable on the basis of experience. The a priori/a posteriori distinction is epistemological and should not be confused with the metaphysical distinction between the necessary and the contingent or the semantical or logical distinction between the analytic and the (...)
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  6. Identity and the Formation of the Notion of Object. Or: The Identity of Indiscernibles: A Synthetic a Priori.Gilead Bar-Elli - 1982 - Erkenntnis 17 (2):229 - 248.
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  7. On the Meta-Semantics of the Problem of the Synthetic a Priori.Lewis White Beck - 1957 - Mind 66 (262):228-232.
  8. Review of M. Wille, Mathematics and the Synthetic A Priori: Epistemological Investigations Into the Status of Mathematical Axioms[REVIEW]Claus Beisbart - 2008 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (1):130-132.
    Kant famously thought that mathematics contains synthetic a priori truths. In his book, Wille defends a version of the Kantian thesis on not-so-Kantian grounds. Wille calls his account neo-Kantian, because it makes sense of Kantian tenets by using a methodology that takes the linguistic and pragmatic turns seriously.Wille's work forms part of a larger project in which the statuses of mathematics and proof theory are investigated. The official purpose of the present book is to answer the question: what is mathematics. (...)
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  9. AI and The Synthetic A Priori.José Benardete - 1994 - In John O'Leary-Hawthorne & Michaelis Michael (eds.), Philosophy in Mind. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 9--22.
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  10. Synthetic a Priori.Gustav Bergmann - unknown
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  11. Moritz Schlick, Between Synthetic a Priori Judgment and Conventionalism.Christian Bonnet & Ronan De Calan - unknown
    The present article aims at tracing Moritz Schlick's theoretical route from 1915 to 1936 - the year he was assassinated. The authors describe this route as Schlick's attempt at successively evading what one could define as two flaws in modern philosophy - the Charybdis of Kantian epistemology and the Scylla of radical conventionalism. Such an original and daring guideline also deviates from all great epistemological philosophies dating from the beginning of the century with which the Vienna Circle's founder engaged in (...)
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  12. Analitico, sintetico e a priori: questioni di forma. Il dibattito tra fenomenologia husserliana e empirismo logico.Davide Bordini - 2011 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 2.
    This article sketches out the key features of the debate on the analytic-synthetic distinction between phenomenology and logical empiricism, which took place in the early part of the twentieth century. On the one side, the author reconstructs the debate itself from an historical angle; on the other, he gives a theoretical account of the different positions and arguments. In particular, he has three main aims: a) to clarify how, according to Husserl, the analyticsynthetic opposition is to be understood as the (...)
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  13. The Analytic, the Synthetic and the a Priori: A Matter of Form. The Debate Between Husserlian Phenomenology and Logical Empiricism.Davide Bordini - 2011 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 66 (2):205-230.
  14. Are There Synthetic A Priori Truths?C. D. Broad, A. J. D. Porteous & Reginald Jackson - 1936 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 15:102-153.
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  15. Symposium: Are There Synthetic A Priori Truths?C. D. Broad, A. J. D. Porteous & Reginald Jackson - 1936 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 15 (1):102 - 153.
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  16. The Determinist Principle as Synthetic Anda Priori.L. Burkholder - 1974 - Philosophia 4 (1):139-161.
  17. Der usrprüngliche und a priori vereinigte Wille und seine Konsequenzen in Kants Rechtslehre.B. Byrd & Joachim Hruschka - 2006 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 14.
    Der Beitrag bestimmt den logischen Standort und die Funktion des ursprünglich und a priori vereinigten Willens in Kants Rechtslehre. Der ursprünglich und a priori vereinigte Wille wird von einer ursprünglichen Gemeinschaft aller Menschen am Erdboden hervorgebracht, die ihrerseits auf einem ursprünglichen Recht eines jeden auf einen Platz auf dieser Erde gründet. Das ursprüngliche Recht auf einen Platz selbst folgt aus dem ursprünglichen Freiheitsrecht. Der ursprünglich vereinigte Wille richtet sich auf die Aufteilung des Erdbodens. Dadurch wird der ursprüngliche Erwerb von Sachen, (...)
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  18. Les « Relations of Ideas » Une Matrice du Synthétique « a Priori » ?Ronan De Calan - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    On défend ici l'hypothèse selon laquelle les relations d'idées humiennes ont pu servir de matrice à la constitution d'un a priori phénoménologique, en un sens particulier : conçues d'abord comme relations internes, elles ont dû être partiellement arrachées à un modèle représentationnel hérité de Brentano et insérées dans un dispositif ontologique, s'exprimant alors selon une modalité qui est celle du rapport d'essence. One suggests the possibility that Hume's relations of ideas must have constituted the basis of the phenomenological synthetic a (...)
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  19. Pure Intuition and Kant's Synthetic A Priori.Emily Carson - 2013 - In Stewart Duncan & Antonia LoLordo (eds.), Debates in Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses. Routledge. pp. 307.
  20. The Sources of a Priori Knowledge: A Commentary on Kant's Notions of Sensibility, Understanding, and Reason.James Roland Carter - 1980 - Dissertation, The Ohio State University
    In chapter five I examine the work of Thomas Kuhn and discuss some points of agreement and disagreement between Kant's thought and Kuhn's methodological and historiographic discoveries, including some treatment of implications of Kant's thought, as explicated in the present study, for issues that Kuhn raises in the philosophy of science. This contrast with Kuhn points up the fundamentally philosophical character of Kant's notions of sensibility, understanding, and reason as the sources of our a priori knowledge. ;Chapter four explicates Kant's (...)
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  21. A Contemporary Perspective on A Priori Knowledge.Albert Casullo - unknown
    (K1) All knowledge of necessary propositions is a priori. (K2) All propositions known a priori are necessary. (K3) All knowledge of analytic propositions is a priori; and (K4) Some propositions known a priori are synthetic.
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  22. Intuition, Thought Experiments, and the A Priori.Albert Casullo - unknown
    There has been a significant shift in the discussion of a priori knowledge. The shift is due largely to the influence of Quine. The traditional debate focused on the epistemic status of mathematics and logic. Kant, for example, maintained that arithmetic and geometry provide clear examples of synthetic a priori knowledge and that principles of logic, such as the principle of contradiction, provide the basis for analytic a priori knowledge. Quine’s rejection of the analytic-synthetic distinction and his holistic empiricist account (...)
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  23. Kant y Los Principios a Priori de la Ciencia Natural.Álvaro J. Peláez Cedrés - 2007 - Signos Filosóficos 60 (17):139-162.
    This paper considers the kantian statement that the natural science, the same as the mathematics, it contains synthetic a priori judgments as principles. However, a comparative study among the principles of both sciences, as well as of the foundations of their constitution, it throws the primary ..
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  24. Kant y los principios a priori de la ciencia natural.Álvaro Peláez Cedres - 2007 - Signos Filosóficos 9:139-162.
    Este artí­culo considera la afirmación kantiana de que la ciencia natural, al igual que las matemáticas, contiene juicios sintéticos a priori como principios. Sin embargo, un estudio comparativo entre los principios de ambas ciencias, así­ como de los fundamentos de su constitución, arroja el resultado primario de que sólo es posible hablar de principios propiamente a priori en las matemáticas, manteniendo para los de la ciencia natural un estatus diferente. La elucidación de la naturaleza y modo de construcciún de estos (...)
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  25. Review: Arthur Pap, Logic and the Synthetic a Priori. [REVIEW]Roderick M. Chisholm - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (2):140-140.
  26. Review: Wilfrid Sellars, Is There a Synthetic a Priori? [REVIEW]Noam Chomsky - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):402-402.
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  27. Review: Atwell R. Turquette, Godel and the Synthetic a Priori. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (3):221-222.
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  28. Review: Irving M. Copi (Copilowish), Modern Logic and the Synthetic a Priori. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (3):221-221.
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  29. Is Mathematics for Hume Synthetic a Priori?Dorothy P. Coleman - 1979 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):113-126.
  30. Passive Knowledge: How to Make Sense of Kant's A Priori - Or How Not to Be “Too Busily Subsuming”.Constantin Antonopoulos - 2011 - Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):39.
    Subjectivists, taking the “collapse” of the observation-interpretation contrast much too seriously, are led to imagine that even perceptual knowledge is active. And therefore subject dependent. Turning the tables on this popular trend, I argue that even conceptual knowledge is passive. Kant’s epistemology is conceptual. But if also active, then incoherent. If synthetic a priori truths are to follow upon our mental activity, they were neither true nor, far less, a priori before that activity. “A priori” and “active” are contradictory attributes (...)
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  31. Gödel and the Synthetic a Priori: A Rejoinder.Irving M. Copi - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (22):633-636.
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  32. Modern Logic and the Synthetic a Priori.Irving M. Copi - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (8):243-245.
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  33. Review of Wojciech Żełaniec, The Recalcitrant Synthetic A Priori. [REVIEW]Fabrice Correia - forthcoming - Dialectica.
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  34. Two Conceptions of the Synthetic A Priori.Marian David - 1997 - In L. E. Hahn (ed.), The Philosophy of Roderick Chisholm (The Library of Living Philosophers). Chicago: Open Court. pp. 629--651.
    Roderick Chisholm appears to agree with Kant on the question of the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge. But Chisholm’s conception of the a priori is a traditional Aristotelian conception and differs markedly from Kant’s. Closer scrutiny reveals that their agreement on the question of the synthetic a priori is merely verbal: what Kant meant to affirm, Chisholm denies. Curiously, it looks as if Chisholm agreed on all substantive issues with the empiricist rejection of Kant’s synthetic a priori. In the (...)
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  35. Kant, Reichenbach, and the Fate of A Priori Principles.Karin de Boer - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):507-531.
    Abstract: This article contends that the relation of early logical empiricism to Kant was more complex than is often assumed. It argues that Reichenbach's early work on Kant and Einstein, entitled The Theory of Relativity and A Priori Knowledge (1920) aimed to transform rather than to oppose Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. One the one hand, I argue that Reichenbach's conception of coordinating principles, derived from Kant's conception of synthetic a priori principles, offers a valuable way of accounting for the (...)
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  36. Álgebra de la experiencia y su aplicación a la Teoría de la relatividad.Juan Cano de Pablo - 2008 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 25:459-485.
    El problema fundamental para que la Teoría de la relatividad pueda ser acorde con la filosofía de Kant es el de la utilización de una geometría no euclídea. Que sus principios sean interpretados como juicios sintéticos a priori es, a nuestro entender, un problema secundario. Si queremos que los principios de una ciencia de la naturaleza sean universales y necesarios sin recurrir a dogmatismos, no queda otra posibilidad que entenderlos trascendentalmente. Como se observa en el principio de relatividad, Einstein también (...)
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  37. Apriorismo en la teoría de la relatividad (Respondiendo a Schlick).Juan Cano de Pablo - 2004 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 37 (2):171-194.
    A la teoría de la relatividad se la ha considerado una teoría empírica. Sobre esta interpretación se ha preconizado el triunfo del empirismo sobre cualquier otra concepción filosófica. Moritz Schlick vaticinó que no se podrían encontrar los principios sintéticos a priori de esta ciencia porque tal cosa no existía. Este artículo demuestra no ya sólo que se pueden encontrar, sino que ya estaban en posesión de Kant. La introducción de algunas pocas precisiones nos bastará para adaptar a la teoría de (...)
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  38. Synthesis, the Synthetic a Priori, and the Origins of Modern Space-Time Theory.Robert DiSalle - 2010 - In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
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  39. Popper and Synthetic Judgements A Priori.Michael Drieschner - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):49-61.
    Popper uses the "Humean challenge" as a justification for his falsificationism. It is claimed that in his basic argument he confuses two different doubts: (a) the Humean doubt (Popper's problem of induction), and (b) the "Popperean" doubt whether - presupposing that there are laws of nature - the laws we accept are in fact valid. Popper's alleged solution of the problem of induction does not solve the problem in a straightforward way (as Levison and Salmon have remarked before). But if (...)
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  40. Reliability Via Synthetic a Priori: Reichenbach’s Doctoral Thesis on Probability.Frederick Eberhardt - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):125-136.
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  41. Reliability Via Synthetic a Priori: Reichenbach's Doctoral Thesis on Probability.Frederick Eberhardt - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):125 - 136.
    Hans Reichenbach is well known for his limiting frequency view of probability, with his most thorough account given in The Theory of Probability in 1935/1949. Perhaps less known are Reichenbach's early views on probability and its epistemology. In his doctoral thesis from 1915, Reichenbach espouses a Kantian view of probability, where the convergence limit of an empirical frequency distribution is guaranteed to exist thanks to the synthetic a priori principle of lawful distribution. Reichenbach claims to have given a purely objective (...)
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  42. “DEUS EX MACHINA” REDIVIVUS: The “Synthetic A Priori” in the Computer Age.J. Fang - 1989 - Philosophia Mathematica (2):217-232.
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  43. Are There Synthetic a Priori Truths?William E. Felch - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (20):579-584.
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  44. Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori.Michael Friedman - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Springer. pp. 65--73.
    Kant's original version of transcendental philosophy took both Euclidean geometry and the Newtonian laws of motion to be synthetic a priori constitutive principles—which, from Kant's point of view, function as necessary presuppositions for applying our fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, and motion to our sensible experience of the natural world. Although Kant had very good reasons to view the principles in question as having such a constitutively a priori role, we now know, in the wake of Einstein's work, that (...)
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  45. Poincaré's Conventionalism and the Logical Positivists.Michael Friedman - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (2):299-314.
    The logical positivists adopted Poincare's doctrine of the conventionality of geometry and made it a key part of their philosophical interpretation of relativity theory. I argue, however, that the positivists deeply misunderstood Poincare's doctrine. For Poincare's own conception was based on the group-theoretical picture of geometry expressed in the Helmholtz-Lie solution of the space problem, and also on a hierarchical picture of the sciences according to which geometry must be presupposed be any properly physical theory. But both of this pictures (...)
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  46. Kant and Husserl on the Synthetic A Priori.Kenneth T. Gallagher - 1972 - Kant-Studien 63 (1-4):341-352.
  47. Toward an Epistemology of Certain Substantive a Priori Truths.Joshua Gert - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (2):214-236.
    Abstract: This article explains and motivates an account of one way in which we might have substantive a priori knowledge in one important class of domains: domains in which the central concepts are response-dependent. The central example will be our knowledge of the connection between something's being harmful and the fact that it is irrational for us to fail to be averse to that thing. The idea is that although the relevant responses (basic aversion in the case of harm, and (...)
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  48. Synthetic a priori judgments.Alessandro Giordani - 2009 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 17:297 - 313.
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  49. Reds, Greens, and the Synthetic a Priori.Peter Glassen - 1958 - Philosophical Studies 9 (3):33 - 38.
  50. The Epistemology of ‘Just is’-Statements.Daniel Greco - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2599-2607.
    Agustín Rayo’s The Construction of Logical Space offers an exciting and ambitious defense of a broadly Carnapian approach to metaphysics. This essay will focus on one of the main differences between Rayo’s and Carnap’s approaches. Carnap distinguished between analytic, a priori “meaning postulates”, and empirical claims, which were both synthetic and knowable only a posteriori. Like meaning postulates, they determine the boundaries of logical space. But Rayo is skeptical that the a priori/a posteriori or analytic/synthetic distinctions can do the work (...)
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