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  1. added 2018-12-31
    How To Get Rid of Closure.Mariusz Grygianiec - 2016 - Diametros 48:1-17.
    Sophie Gibb has recently invented a very interesting strategy against Kim’s causal exclusion argument. This strategy adopts the powers theory of causation and an interpretation of mental causation in terms of double prevention. Gibb’s strategy results both in invalidating the principle of the causal closure of the physical domain in most of its formulations and in disarming the argument in question. In my paper, I present a general procedure for the opponents of reductive physicalism which enables them to _grapple successfully_ (...)
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  2. added 2018-12-20
    A Deliberative Approach to Causation.Fernandes Alison Sutton - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (3):686-708.
    Fundamental physics makes no clear use of causal notions; it uses laws that operate in relevant respects in both temporal directions and that relate whole systems across times. But by relating causation to evidence, we can explain how causation fits in to a physical picture of the world and explain its temporal asymmetry. This paper takes up a deliberative approach to causation, according to which causal relations correspond to the evidential relations we need when we decide on one thing in (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-17
    The Dual Nature of Causation : Two Necessary and Jointly Sufficient Conditions.Caroline Torpe Touborg - 2018 - Dissertation, St. Andrews
    In this dissertation, I propose a reductive account of causation. This account may be stated as follows: -/- Causation:c is a cause of e within a possibility horizon H iff a) c is process-connected to e, and b) e security-depends on c within H. -/- More precisely, my suggestion is that there are two kinds of causal relata: instantaneous events (defined in Chapter 4) and possibility horizons (defined in Chapter 5). Causation is a ternary relation between two actual instantaneous events (...)
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  4. added 2018-09-27
    Mechanisms and the Metaphysics of Causation.Lucas J. Matthews & James Tabery - 2018 - In Stuart Glennan & Phyllis Illari (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy. Routledge.
  5. added 2018-09-20
    ‘More of a Cause’: Recent Work on Degrees of Causation and Responsibility.Alex Kaiserman - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (7):e12498.
    It is often natural to compare two events by describing one as ‘more of a cause’ of some effect than the other. But what do such comparisons amount to, exactly? This paper aims to provide a guided tour of the recent literature on ‘degrees of causation’. Section 2 looks at what I call ‘dependence measures’, which arise from thinking of causes as difference-makers. Section 3 looks at what I call ‘production measures’, which arise from thinking of causes as jointly sufficient (...)
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  6. added 2018-09-14
    Rethinking Anscombe on Causation.Thomas M. Osborne Jr - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (1):89-107.
    Although Elizabeth Anscombe’s work on causation is frequently cited and anthologized, her main arguments have been ignored or misunderstood as havingtheir basis in quantum mechanics or a particular theory of perception. I examine her main arguments and show that they not only work against the Humean causaltheories of her time, but also against contemporary attempts to analyze causation in terms of laws and causal properties. She shows that our ordinary usage does not connect causation with laws, and suggests that philosophers (...)
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  7. added 2018-08-21
    Causal Overdetermination and Contextualism.Esteban Céspedes - 2016 - Springer.
    This work explains how different theories of causation confront causal overdetermination. Chapters clarify the problem of overdetermination and explore its fundamental aspects. It is argued that a theory of causation can account for our intuitions in overdetermination cases only by accepting that the adequacy of our claims about causation depends on the context in which they are evaluated.The author proposes arguments for causal contextualism and provides insight which is valuable for resolution of the problem. -/- These chapters enable readers to (...)
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  8. added 2018-06-20
    On the Argument From Physics and General Relativity.Christopher Gregory Weaver - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-41.
    I argue that the best interpretation of the general theory of relativity (GTR) has need of a causal entity (i.e., the gravitational field), and causal structure that is not reducible to light cone structure. I suggest that this causal interpretation of GTR helps defeat a key premise in one of the most popular arguments for causal reductionism, viz., the argument from physics.
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  9. added 2018-06-18
    Causation, Production, and Dependence, or A Model-Invariant Theory of Causation.J. Dmitri Gallow - manuscript
    I provide a theory of causation formulated within the causal modeling framework. This theory is model-invariant in the following sense: if the theory says that C caused (didn't cause) E in a causal model, M, then it will continue to say that C caused (didn't cause) E once we've removed an inessential variable from M. On this theory, we can understand causation as a model-invariant generalization of a relation of causal production. Begin by saying that C produces E iff they (...)
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  10. added 2018-05-26
    IX—Would Cause.Adam Morton - 1981 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81 (1):139-152.
    I describe ways in which it is easier to analyse causation in the consequent of a conditional: what an event would cause if it occurred. I consider some possiblereasons forthis.
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  11. added 2018-04-09
    Causal Production as Interaction.Rognvaldur Ingthorsson - 2002 - Metaphysica 3 (1):87-119.
    The paper contains a novel realist account of causal production and the necessary connection between cause and effect. I argue that the asymmetric relation between causally connected events must be regarded as a product of a symmetric interaction between two or more entities. All the entities involved contribute to the producing, and so count as parts of the cause, and they all suffer a change, and so count as parts of the effect. Cause and effect, on this account, are two (...)
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  12. added 2018-02-17
    Causal Argument for the Existence of a Supreme Being.Ray Liikanen - 2017 - Vancouver B.C.: Self-published.
    This work addresses and resolved Kant's first antinomy, and brings metaphysics in line with advances in he science of big bang cosmology, introduces a new philosophical argument for the existence of a Supreme Being, and is presented in three versions, with the first version quoting Kant's most relevant remarks with regard to what he calls a science of metaphysics, and an abbreviated version without any quotes, as well as a one page abstract diagram of the argument.
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  13. added 2018-02-17
    Contrastivism in Philosophy: New Perspectives.Martijn Blaauw (ed.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Contrastivism can be applied to a variety of problems within philosophy, and as such, it can be coherently seen as a unified movement. This volume brings together state-of-the-art research on the contrastive treatment of philosophical concepts and questions, including knowledge, belief, free will, moral luck, Bayesian confirmation theory, causation, and explanation.
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  14. added 2018-02-17
    Is There a Problem of Action at a Temporal Distance?Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson - 2007 - SATS 8 (1):138-154.
    It has been claimed that the only way to avoid action at a temporal distance in a temporal continuum is if effects occur simultaneously with their causes, and that in fact Newton’s second law of motion illustrates that they truly are simultaneous. Firstly, I point out that this interpretation of Newton’s second law is problematic because in classical mechanics ‘acceleration’ denotes a vector quantity. It is controversial whether vectors themselves are changes as opposed to properties of a change, and therefore (...)
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  15. added 2018-02-16
    Folk Judgments of Causation.Joshua Knobe - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):238-242.
    Experimental studies suggest that people’s ordinary causal judgments are affected not only by statistical considerations but also by moral considerations. One way to explain these results would be to construct a model according to which people are trying to make a purely statistical judgment but moral considerations somehow distort their intuitions. The present paper offers an alternative perspective. Specifically, the author proposes a model according to which the very same underlying mechanism accounts for the influence of both statistical and moral (...)
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  16. added 2018-02-09
    Storrs McCall's Tree of The Universe and Counterfactuals شجرة الكون وقضايا مناقضة الواقع عند ستورس مكال.Salah Osman - 1999 - Journal of the Faculty of Arts, Menoufia University 2956-2090 39:83 – 128.
    لم يكن العلم يومًا غريبًا عن الفلسفة، بل لقد أدت العلاقة الجدلية المستمرة بينهما إلى مزيد من المصداقية والقبول لبعض النماذج التفسيرية، سواء منها ما كان في الأصل نموذجًا فلسفيًا ثم وجد دعمًا علميًا – كنموذج الذرات والفـراغ عند «ديمرقــريطس» وتبنى النظرية الذرية الحديثة لإطاره العام – أو ما كان منها نموذجًا علميًا تم تداوله فلسفيًا – كنموذج النقاط المادية المتجاذبة عند »نيوتن« وتبنى معظم فلاسفة الحقبة الحديثة له. وفي هذا المقال يهتم الدكتور صلاح عثمان بمناقشة نموذج شجرة الكون لفيلسوف (...)
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  17. added 2017-09-28
    Causation in Branching Time (I): Transitions, Events and Causes.Ming Xu - 1997 - Synthese 112 (2):137-192.
    We propose a theory of events and causes against the background of branching time. Notions discussed include possibility based on reality, transitions, events, determinacy, contingency, causes and effects. The main idea in defining causal relations is to introduce a certain preconditioning circumstance under which one event follows another. We also briefly compare this theory with some other theories.
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  18. added 2017-09-28
    Propensities, Chance, Causation, and Contrastive Explanation.Christopher S. I. Mccurdy - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario (Canada)
    A pragmatic account of scientific understanding is used both to examine and to unify fundamental questions concerning the propensity interpretation of probability and theories of chance, causation, and explanation. One of the most important problems to be addressed is the problem of defining homogeneous reference classes in theories of chance, causation, and explanation. The consistency of the propensity interpretation is defended against traditional criticisms such as "Humphreys's paradox." It is demonstrated that the application of this interpretation to theories of chance (...)
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  19. added 2017-09-28
    An Ancient Principle About Causation.Stephen Makin - 1990 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:135 - 152.
  20. added 2017-09-28
    Causal Powers.R. S. Woolhouse - 1976 - Philosophical Books 17 (2):84-87.
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  21. added 2017-09-28
    The Principle of Causation. Wellmuth - 1925 - Modern Schoolman 2 (1):5-7.
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  22. added 2017-09-28
    A Revised Conception of Causation and its Implications.H. G. Hartman - 1916 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 13 (18):477-490.
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  23. added 2017-09-28
    A Definition of Causation: A Reply to Professor Sheldon.H. G. Hartmann - 1914 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 11 (24):655-667.
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  24. added 2017-09-21
    Current Issues in Causation.Gerd GraãŸHoff & Michael May - 2001 - Mentis.
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  25. added 2017-09-21
    Causality.K. H. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (1):186-186.
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  26. added 2017-09-19
    Dispositional Versus Epistemic Causality.Paul Bohan Broderick, Johannes Lenhard & Arnold Silverberg - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (3).
    Noam Chomsky and Frances Egan argue that David Marr’s computational theory of vision is not intentional, claiming that the formal scientific theory does not include description of visual content. They also argue that the theory is internalist in the sense of not describing things physically external to the perceiver. They argue that these claims hold for computational theories of vision in general. Beyond theories of vision, they argue that representational content does not figure as a topic within formal computational theories (...)
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  27. added 2017-07-12
    Underlying Stories: The Structure of Causal Talk in Chemistry and in Everyday Life.Janet Douglas Stemwedel - 2001 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    Chemistry uses a concept of causation continuous with our commonsense concept. Moreover, a concept of causation is essential for chemical projects. ;I consider problems with regularity and counterfactual accounts of the concept of causation. I suggest an alternative, the underlying story account, which better avoids these problems. In everyday causal talk, "A caused B" means there is a suitable underlying story, a description of A and B and how they are connected. Some causal connections, paradigm causal relations, are primitives needing (...)
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  28. added 2017-07-12
    Cause, Law, and Probability.Stephen P. Turner - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (1):15-19.
  29. added 2017-07-11
    Emerson's Metaphysics: A Song of Laws and Causes, Joseph Urbas, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2016. [REVIEW]Frederic Tremblay - 2017 - The Pluralist 12 (2):120-124.
    This text is a review of Joseph Urbas's Emerson's Metaphysics: A Song of Laws and Causes (Lexington Books, 2016). In this book, Urbas proposes a reconstruction of the metaphysics of the American poet, essayist, and self-defined philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson. According to Urbas, Emerson has a coherent metaphysics, the fundamental principle of which is the category of causation. Reacting to David Hume, Emerson would have deliberately emphasized causation, connection, relation, tie, link, and so on. Emerson is thus characterized as a (...)
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  30. added 2017-07-11
    Searching for the Causal Connection.Henk W. Regt - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):649-652.
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  31. added 2017-07-11
    On Causal Relevance: A Reply to Sullivan.Paul Raymont - 2004 - Dialogue (2):367-7.
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  32. added 2017-07-11
    Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation by Douglas Ehring. [REVIEW]David Robb - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (3):131-4.
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  33. added 2017-07-11
    Natural Causation.Charles Edward Plumptre - 1888
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  34. added 2017-06-15
    Toward a Synthesis of Deterministic and Probabilistic Formulations of Causal Relations by the Functional Relation Concept.Stanley A. Mulaik - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):313-332.
    There have been two principal paradigms for the formulation of the causal relation--logical implication and functional relationship. In this paper, I present a case for preferring the functional relationship formulation and then discuss how the functional relationship formulation may be implemented in the probabilistic case in a manner analogous to the way others have implemented the logical implication formulation in the probabilistic case. I show how the "local independence" assumption found in many models used in the behavioral and social sciences (...)
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  35. added 2017-06-14
    Cartwright's Causal Pluralism: A Critique and an Alternative. [REVIEW]Francis Longworth - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):310-318.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  36. added 2017-06-08
    Causation and Persistence. [REVIEW]John W. Carroll - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):483-486.
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  37. added 2017-06-08
    Dorothy Emmet, The Effectiveness of Causes Reviewed By.Lewis S. Ford - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (8):335-338.
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  38. added 2017-06-08
    Dorothy Emmet, The Effectiveness of Causes. [REVIEW]Lewis Ford - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5:335-338.
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  39. added 2017-06-08
    The Effectiveness of Causes.Dorothy Emmet - 1984 - Macmill.
    1 Introduction When we ask why something happens or has happened, from earthquakes to car accidents or urban riots, we ask for its cause or causes. ' Cause' comes into practical life, into the experimental sciences, and, perhaps more ...
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  40. added 2017-05-30
    Hasteners and Delayers: Why Rains Don’T Cause Fires.Caroline Torpe Touborg - 2017 - Philosophical Studies:1-20.
    We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an (...)
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  41. added 2017-03-29
    Causal Pluralism().Stathos Psillos - unknown
    There has been no shortage of such conceptual analyses and no shortage of counterexamples to all of them. The counterexamples exploit, at least partly, situations in which we are presumed to have clear intuitions about what causes what, but which intuitions are not being respected by the suggested philosophical analysis. The counterexamples typically lead to a battery of sophisticated attempts to revise or amend the philosophical analysis so that it is saved from refutation. These attempts, typically, either deny the intuitions (...)
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  42. added 2017-03-29
    Third Time's a Charm: Causation, Science, and Wittgensteinian Pluralism.Julian Reiss - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
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  43. added 2017-03-29
    Three Obstructions: Forms of Causation, Chronotopoids, and Levels of Reality. [REVIEW]Roberto Poli - 2007 - Axiomathes 17 (1):1-18.
    The thesis is defended that the theories of causation, time and space, and levels of reality are mutually interrelated in such a way that the difficulties internal to theories of causation and to theories of space and time can be understood better, and perhaps dealt with, in the categorial context furnished by the theory of the levels of reality. The structural condition for this development to be possible is that the first two theories be opportunely generalized.
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  44. added 2017-03-09
    Beyond Kant and Hegel.Ray Liikanen - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (3):469-493.
    Despite the opinion held by some that Kant’s Critical philosophy is no longer relevant this essay shows that the problems it deals with are ever present. Kant’s critical insights into these problems can be revealed by citing his open invitation to his critical reader to devote to the first antinomy his chief attention. This paper cites Hegel’s response to this invitation and shows where Hegel failed to meet with Kant’s critical demands. An analogous resolution is proposed that falls in line (...)
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  45. added 2017-03-07
    ‘Divine Offspring’: Richard Hooker’s Neoplatonic Account of Law and Causality.Torrance Kirby - 2015 - Perichoresis 13 (1):5-17.
    ABSTRACT. Richard Hooker’s (1554-1600) adaptation of classical logos theology is exceptional and indeed quite original for its extended application of the principles of Neoplatonic apophatic theology to the concrete institutional issues of a particular time and place—the aftermath of the Elizabethan Religious Settlement of 1559. Indeed, his sustained effort to explore the underlying connections of urgent political and constitutional concerns with the highest discourse of hidden divine realities—the knitting together of Neoplatonic theology and Reformation politics—is perhaps the defining characteristic of (...)
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  46. added 2017-03-07
    Causal Powers.E. Madden - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (199):113-115.
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  47. added 2017-03-01
    Proportionality and the Metaphysics of Causation.Cei Maslen - unknown
    This paper reexamines the case for a proportionality constraint on causation. The general idea behind the proportionality constraint is that causes need the right amount of detail. The cause needs to be detailed enough to be sufficient for the effect yet general enough to be fully relevant to the effect. The case for the proportionality constraint mainly rests on some examples. Suppose we are searching for the cause of an injury: “being hit by a red bus” is too detailed, “being (...)
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  48. added 2017-03-01
    A New Cure for Epiphobia: A Context-Sensitive Account of Causal Relevance.Cei Maslen - 2005 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (1):131-146.
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  49. added 2017-03-01
    The Deterministic and Ontological Implications of the Logical Entailment Analysis of Causation.Michael P. Levine - 1987 - Idealistic Studies 17 (1):1-13.
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  50. added 2017-02-28
    Four Causes.Boris Hennig - 2016
    This is partly a book about Aristotle’s four causes (material, formal, efficient, and final cause), partly a systematic discussion of the relation between form and matter, causation, and teleology. Its overall aim is to show that the four causes form a system, so that the form of a natural thing relates to its matter as the final cause of a natural process relates to its efficient cause. It reaches two highly distinctive conclusions. The first is that the formal cause or (...)
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