Theories of Memory

Edited by André Sant'Anna (Université Grenoble Alpes, Washington University in St. Louis)
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  1. added 2020-05-07
    The Impure Phenomenology of Episodic Memory.Alexandria Boyle - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
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  2. added 2020-05-07
    Simulationism and the Function(s) of Episodic Memory.Arieh Schwartz - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-19.
    According to simulationism, the function of episodic memory is not to remember the past, but to help construct representations of possible future episodes, by drawing together features from different experiential sources. This article suggests that the relationship between the traditional storehouse view, on which the function of memory is remembering, and the simulationist approach is more complicated than has been typically acknowledged. This is attributed, in part, to incorrect interpretations of what remembering on the storehouse view requires. Further, by appeal (...)
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  3. added 2020-05-07
    SINGULARISM about Episodic Memory.Nikola Andonovski - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-31.
    In the philosophy of memory, singularism is the view that episodic memories are singular mental states about unique personally experienced past events. In this paper, I present an empirical challenge to singularism. I examine three distinct lines of evidence from the psychology of memory, concerning general event memories, the transformation of memory traces and the minimized role temporal information plays in major psychological theories of episodic memory. I argue that singularist views will have a hard time accommodating this evidence, facing (...)
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  4. added 2020-05-07
    Episodic memory is not immune to error through misidentification: against Fernández.Kourken Michaelian - forthcoming - Synthese:1-19.
    The claim that episodic memory is immune to error through misidentification enjoys continuing popularity in philosophy. Psychological research on observer memory—usually defined as occurring when one remembers an event from a point of view other than that that from which he originally experienced it—would seem, on the face of it, to undermine the IEM claim. Relying on a certain view of memory content, Fernández, however, has provided an ingenious argument for the view that it does not. This paper reconstructs Fernández’ (...)
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  5. added 2020-05-07
    Mental Time Travel: Episodic Memory and Our Knowledge of the Personal Past.Ben Springett - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-4.
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  6. added 2020-05-07
    Predicting the Past From Minimal Traces: Episodic Memory and its Distinction From Imagination and Preservation.Markus Werning - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-33.
    The paper develops an account of minimal traces devoid of representational content and exploits an analogy to a predictive processing framework of perception. As perception can be regarded as a prediction of the present on the basis of sparse sensory inputs without any representational content, episodic memory can be conceived of as a “prediction of the past” on the basis of a minimal trace, i.e., an informationally sparse, merely causal link to a previous experience. The resulting notion of episodic memory (...)
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  7. added 2020-05-07
    Aphantasia, SDAM, and Episodic Memory.Lajos Brons - 2019 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 28:9-32.
    Episodic memory (EM) involves re-experiencing past experiences by means of mental imagery. Aphantasics (who lack mental imagery) and people with severely deficient autobiographical memory (SDAM) lack the ability to re-experience, which would imply that they don't have EM. However, aphantasics and people with SDAM have personal and affective memories, which are other defining aspects of EM (in addition to re-experiencing). This suggests that these supposed aspects of EM really are independent faculties or modules of memory, and that EM is a (...)
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  8. added 2020-05-07
    Learning from the Past: Epistemic Generativity and the Function of Episodic Memory.A. Boyle - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):242-251.
    I argue that the function of episodic memory is to store information about the past, against the orthodox view that it is to support imagining the future. I show that episodic memory is epistemically generative, allowing organisms to learn from past events retroactively. This confers adaptive benefits in three domains: reasoning about the world, skill, and social interaction. Given the role of evolutionary perspectives in comparative research, this argument necessitates a radical shift in the study of episodic memory in nonhumans.
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  9. added 2020-05-07
    Visual Perspectives in Episodic Memory and the Sense of Self.Ying-Tung Lin - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  10. added 2020-05-07
    Mental Time Travel: Episodic Memory and Our Knowledge of the Personal Past, by Kourken Michaelian: The MIT Press, 2016, Pp. Xx + 291, $US43. [REVIEW]Dorothea Debus - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (2):404-407.
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  11. added 2020-05-07
    Why Do We Remember? The Communicative Function of Episodic Memory.Johannes B. Mahr & Gergely Csibra - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    Episodic memory has been analyzed in a number of different ways in both philosophy and psychology, and most controversy has centered on its self-referential,autonoeticcharacter. Here, we offer a comprehensive characterization of episodic memory in representational terms and propose a novel functional account on this basis. We argue that episodic memory should be understood as a distinctive epistemic attitude taken toward an event simulation. In this view, episodic memory has a metarepresentational format and should not be equated with beliefs about the (...)
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  12. added 2020-05-07
    Candrakīrti on Deflated Episodic Memory: Response to Endel Tulving's Challenge.Sonam Thakchoe - 2017 - Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (4):432-438.
    ABSTRACTIn my response to Ganeri's [2018] paper, I take Buddhagosha's deflationary account of episodic memory one step further through the analysis of the Madhyamaka philosopher Candrakīrti who, like Buddhagosha, explicitly defends episodic memory as a recollection of the objects experienced in the past, rather than subjective experience. However, unlike Buddhagosha, Candrakīrti deflates episodic memory by showing the incoherence of the Sautrāntika-Yogācāra's thesis that episodic memory requires the admission of reflexive awareness. Also unlike Buddhagosha, Candrakīrti shows the incoherence of the Mimāṁsāka-Naiyāyika's (...)
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  13. added 2020-05-07
    Elements of Episodic-Like Memory in Animals.N. S. Clayton, D. P. Griffiths, N. J. Emery & A. Dickenson - 2001 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
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  14. added 2020-04-18
    Why Do We Remember? The Communicative Function of Episodic Memory.B. Mahr Johannes & Gergely Csibra - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (41).
    Episodic memory has been analyzed in a number of different ways in both philosophy and psychology, and most controversy has centered on its self-referential, autonoetic character. Here, we offer a comprehensive characterization of episodic memory in representational terms and propose a novel functional account on this basis. We argue that episodic memory should be understood as a distinctive epistemic attitude taken toward an event simulation. In this view, episodic memory has a metarepresentational format and should not be equated with beliefs (...)
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  15. added 2020-04-07
    Resenha de A critical introduction to the epistemology of memory. [REVIEW]Glaupy Fontana Ribas & Úrsula Lied - 2019 - Cognitio 20 (1):456-460.
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  16. added 2020-04-03
    Unsuccessful Remembering: A Challenge for the Relational View of Memory.André Sant’Anna - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-24.
    This paper explores the relationship between a prominent version of the relational view of memory and recent work on forms of unsuccessful remembering or memory errors. I argue that unsuccessful remembering poses an important challenge for the relational view. Unsuccessful remembering can be divided into two kinds: misremembering and confabulating. I discuss each of these cases in light of a recent relational account, according to which remembering is characterized by an experiential relation to past events, and I argue that experiential (...)
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  17. added 2020-03-28
    A memória episódica, o problema da cotemporalidade, e o senso comum.César Schirmer Dos Santos - forthcoming - In Gerson Albuquerque de Araújo Neto & Giovanni Rolla (eds.), Ciência e Conhecimento. Teresina: Editora da Universidade Federal do Piauí. pp. 101-123.
    Os realistas diretos sobre a memória episódica alegam que um sujeito que lembra está em contato direto com um evento passado. No entanto, como seria possível estar em contato direto com um evento que deixou de existir? Este é o assim-chamado problema da cotemporalidade. A solução padrão para este problema, a qual foi proposta por Sven Bernecker, consiste em distinguir entre, por um lado, a ocorrência de um evento, e, por outro lado, a existência de um evento, de modo que (...)
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  18. added 2020-02-12
    Knowledge, Perception, and Memory.Don Locke - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):279-280.
  19. added 2019-12-31
    How to Distinguish Memory Representations? A Historical and Critical Journey.Marina Trakas - 2019 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 10 (3):53-86.
    Memory is not a unitary phenomenon. Even among the group of long-term individual memory representations (known in the literature as declarative memory) there seems to be a distinction between two kinds of memory: memory of personally experienced events (episodic memory) and memory of facts or knowledge about the world (semantic memory). Although this distinction seems very intuitive, it is not so clear in which characteristic or set of interrelated characteristics lies the difference. In this article, I present the different criteria (...)
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  20. added 2019-12-23
    Foreword: The Philosophy of Memory Today.César Schirmer Dos Santos & Tiegue Vieira Rodrigues - 2019 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 10 (3):3-7.
    In this paper we present a introduction to the volume on philosophy of memory.
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  21. added 2019-12-21
    Is the Simulation Theory of Memory About Simulation?Nikola Andonovski - 2019 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 10 (3):37.
    This essay investigates the notion of simulation and the role it plays in Kourken Michaelian's simulation theory of memory. I argue that the notion is importantly ambiguous and that this ambiguity may threaten some of the central commitments of the theory. To illustrate that, I examine two different conceptions of simulation: a narrow one (simulation as replication) and a broad one (simulation as computational modeling), arguing that the preferred narrow conception is incompatible with the claim that remembering involves the simulation (...)
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  22. added 2019-07-13
    In Theories of Memory.J. M. Gardiner, R. I. Java, A. Collins, S. E. Gathercole, M. A. Conway & P. E. Morris - 1993 - In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.), Theories of Memory. Lawrence Erlbaum.
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  23. added 2019-07-10
    Towards a Cognitive Pragmatics of Collective Remembering.Lucas M. Bietti - 2012 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 20 (1):32-61.
    This article aims to provide a cognitive and discourse based theory to collective memory research. Despite the fact that a large proportion of studies in collective memory research in social, cognitive, and discourse psychology are based on investigations of cognitive and discourse processes, neither linguistics nor cognitive and social psychologists have proposed an integrative, interdisciplinary and discursive-based theory to memory research. I argue that processes of remembering are always embodied and action oriented reconstructions of the past, which are highly dynamic (...)
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  24. added 2019-07-10
    Theories of Recognition Memory.Richard Henson - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):64-69.
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  25. added 2019-07-10
    Priming, Theories of Memory, and Theories of Retrieval.T. P. McNamara - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):524-524.
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  26. added 2019-07-10
    Review of Theories of Memory. [REVIEW]F. C. Bartlett - 1925 - Hibbert Journal 23 (4):757-759.
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Memory and the Unity of the Imagination in Spinoza’s Ethics.Peter Weigel - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (2):229-246.
    Spinoza assigns to the imagination a wide-ranging and often disparate looking set of operations. Commentators have long recognized that these operations share a certain proximity to the body and a common tendency to lead people into error. Yet others remark on the apparent thinness of an overarching theme. This article examines the prominent and often underappreciated role of memory in unifying Spinoza’s account of imaginative cognition. The discussion revisits various aspects of imagination in light of their integrated characterization as forms (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    The Ontology of Memory: Bergson’s Reversal of Platonism.Leonard Lawlor - 2003 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):69-102.
    This essay attempts to reflect on Bergson’s contribution to the reversal of Platonism. Heidegger, of course, had set the standard for reversing Platonism. Thus the question posed in this essay, following Heidegger, is: does Bergson manage not only to reverse Platonism but also to twist free of it. The answer presented here is that Bergson does twist free, which explains Deleuze’s persistent appropriations of Bergsonian thought. Memory in Bergson turns out to be not a memory of an idea, or even (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    Making Time for Memory: A Transcendental Approach.Jose M. Arcaya - 1991 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):75-90.
    The storage view of memory is criticized by this paper. Given that this viewpoint assumes that memory emerges when such physical traces are electrically stimulated in the brain, the paper notes that this account gives no good philosophical account of how past events are able to arise from purely present brain activity. It argues that such an explanation of memory would make any contact with the real past impossible. Attributing the difficulties of the storage hypothesis to its underlying linear view (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    Memory and Mind. [REVIEW]A. B. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):615-616.
    Malcolm's discussion of memory is the most detailed and comprehensive in recent philosophical literature, but it does not result in a philosophical theory of memory or even an "analysis of the concept" of memory. Denying that the word "memory" has a "unified employment," Malcolm spends most of his time exposing mistakes and confusions in what philosophers and psychologists have said about memory. He begins by attacking the common assumption that memory is focused exclusively on the past. Although we may remember (...)
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    "Dismantling the Memory Machine: A Philosophical Investigation of Machine Theories of Memory" by Howard Alexander Bursen. [REVIEW]Peter Danielson - 1982 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (1):104.
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  32. added 2019-06-05
    Memory, A Philosophical Study. By Sven Bernecker. (New York: Oxford UP, 2010. Pp. Viii + 276. Price $65.00.).Teroni Fabrice - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):626-628.
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  33. added 2019-06-05
    Russell on Memory.Thomas Baldwin - 2001 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 5 (1-2):187-208.
    Russell famously propounded scepticism about memory in The Analysis of Mind. As he there acknowledged, one way to counter this sceptical position is to hold that memory involves direct acquaintance with past, and this is in fact a thesis Russell had advanced in The Problems of Philosophy. Indeed he had there used the case of memory to develop a sophisticated falibilist, non-sceptical, epistemology. By 1921, however, Russell had rejected the early conception of memory as incompatible with the neutral monism he (...)
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  34. added 2019-05-30
    Aristotle on Memory - Richard Sorabji: Aristotle on Memory. Pp. X+122. London: Duckworth, 1972. Cloth, £3·25.Pamela M. Huby - 1975 - The Classical Review 25 (2):196-197.
  35. added 2019-05-23
    Towards a Neuropsychological Theory of Human Memory.Yanina Shapiro - 1991 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    The majority of psychologists studying memory think that one or another information processing model of memory should explain how human memory works and take computer memory to be its model. They say that: we remember because we store, in our brains, all that we know and know how to do; our minds are the Mind juggling "mental representations" stored in the Memory; recognition is matching an object of perception and its stored "representation", it is knowledge. The purpose of this dissertation (...)
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  36. added 2019-05-21
    Theories of Social Remembering.Barbara A. Misztal - 2003
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  37. added 2019-05-21
    John Sutton, Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to Connectionism. [REVIEW]Mazen Guirguis - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (3):68-70.
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  38. added 2019-05-21
    Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework.Nelson Cowan - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
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  39. added 2019-05-21
    Different Ways to Cue a Coherent Memory System: A Theory for Episodic, Semantic, and Procedural Tasks.Michael S. Humphreys, John D. Bain & Ray Pike - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (2):208-233.
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  40. added 2019-05-21
    Independence and Exclusivity Among Psychological Processes: Implications for the Structure of Recall.Gregory V. Jones - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):229-235.
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  41. added 2019-05-21
    Norman Malcolm's "Memory and Mind". [REVIEW]Edward Wilson Averill - 1978 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 39 (1):140.
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  42. added 2019-05-21
    Real-World Variability, Reasonableness Judgments, and Memory Representations for Concepts.Janet H. Walker - 1975 - Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 14 (3):241-252.
    The adequacy of the common attribute-value representation for knowledge about concepts was examined in two experiments. The first experiment used a verification task with true, plausible false, and implausible false sentences. Decisions about remote false sentences were faster than those for close false sentences. In the second experiment, pairs consisting of a concept name and a numerical property value were presented for reasonableness judgments. Numerical values varied over five levels of remoteness from the concepts' most typical values. Decision times increased (...)
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  43. added 2019-05-21
    The Concepts of Memory: A Study in the Philosophy of Psychology.Douglas Kent Erlandson - 1973 - Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University
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  44. added 2019-05-21
    A Theory for the Recognition of Items From Short Memorized Lists.James A. Anderson - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (6):417-438.
  45. added 2019-05-21
    GOMULICKI, B. R. - The Development and Present Status of the Trace Theory of Memory. [REVIEW]R. F. Holland - 1955 - Mind 64:426.
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  46. added 2019-05-21
    Theories of Memory. [REVIEW]D. M. Rivett - 1925 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):74.
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  47. added 2019-05-12
    Transactive Memory Reconstructed: Rethinking Wegner’s Research Program.Bryce Huebner - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):48-69.
    In this paper, I argue that recent research on episodic memory supports a limited defense of the phenomena that Daniel Wegner has termed transactive memory. Building on psychological and neurological research, targeting both individual and shared memory, I argue that individuals can collaboratively work to construct shared episodic memories. In some cases, this yields memories that are distributed across multiple individuals instead of being housed in individual brains.
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  48. added 2019-05-12
    Memory in Analytic Philosophy.Sven Bernecker - 2015 - In Dmitri Nikulin (ed.), Memory: A History. Oxford University Press. pp. 298-315.
  49. added 2019-05-12
    Can We Identify an Empiricist Theory of Memory in Plato’s Dialogues?D. Z. Andriopoulos - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (3-4):124-138.
    Can an empirisist theory of memory be identifi ed in Plato’s dialogues? Research in the dialogues and reconstructing the pertinent references convinced me that- along with the multi-discussed and generally accepted concept of memory within Plato’s metaphysical framework of the theory of knowledge- an empirisist version of memory is utilized by the Athenian philosopher in his argumentations, concerning mainly epistemological issues and problems; in fact, given the republished metaphysical concept of memory, one cannot fi nd, beyond the orthodox, old interpretation (...)
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  50. added 2019-05-12
    Aristotle and Plotinus on Memory.R. A. H. King - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Two treatises on memory which have come down to us from antiquity are Aristotle’s “On memory and recollection” and Plotinus’ “On perception and memory” ; the latter also wrote at length about memory in his “Problems connected with the soul”. In both authors memory is treated as a ‘modest’ faculty: both authors assume the existence of a persistent subject to whom memory belongs; and basic cognitive capacities are assumed on which memory depends. In particular, both theories use phantasia to explain (...)
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1 — 50 / 541