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  1. The Notion of a Priori Justification.José Tomás Alvarado Marambio - 2008 - Discusiones Filosóficas 9 (12):97 - 122.
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  2. Skepticism About a Priori Justification: Self-Evidence, Defeasibility.Robert Audi - 2008 - In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press. pp. 149.
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  3. Is There an Analytic a Priori?Bruce Aune - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (11):281-291.
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  4. The a Priori.A. J. Ayer - 1987 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), A Priori Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
  5. Language, Truth and Logic.A. J. Ayer - 1936 - London: V. Gollancz.
  6. A Priori and a Posteriori.Jason S. Baehr - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The terms "a priori" and "a posteriori" refer primarily to how or on what basis a proposition might be known. A proposition is knowable a priori if it is knowable independently of experience. A proposition is knowable a posteriori if it is knowable on the basis of experience. The a priori/a posteriori distinction is epistemological and should not be confused with the metaphysical distinction between the necessary and the contingent or the semantical or logical distinction between the analytic and the (...)
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  7. A Priori Knowledge.George Bealer - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 5:1-12.
    This paper is a condensed version of the author’s “A Theory of the A Priori” (Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 2000) for the evidential status of intuitions, the incoherence of radical empiricism. the thesis of modal reliabilism, and the Autonomy of Philosophy Thesis (according to which the a priori disciplines are autonomous from empirical science).
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  8. A Theory of the A Priori.George Bealer - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (1):1-30.
    The topic of a priori knowledge is approached through the theory of evidence. A shortcoming in traditional formulations of moderate rationalism and moderate empiricism is that they fail to explain why rational intuition and phenomenal experience count as basic sources of evidence. This explanatory gap is filled by modal reliabilism -- the theory that there is a qualified modal tie between basic sources of evidence and the truth. This tie to the truth is then explained by the theory of concept (...)
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  9. A Theory of the a Priori.George Bealer - 1999 - Philosophical Perspectives 13 (s13):29-55.
    The topic of a priori knowledge is approached through the theory of evidence. A shortcoming in traditional formulations of moderate rationalism and moderate empiricism is that they fail to explain why rational intuition and phenomenal experience count as basic sources of evidence. This explanatory gap is filled by modal reliabilism -- the theory that there is a qualified modal tie between basic sources of evidence and the truth. This tie to the truth is then explained by the theory of concept (...)
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  10. The a Priori.George Bealer - 1999 - In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Blackwell. pp. 2004.
    In the history of epistemology, discussions of the a priori have been bound up with discussions of necessity and analyticity, often in confusing ways. Disentangling these confusions is an essential step in the study of the a priori. This will be the aim of my introductory remarks. The goal of the remainder of the paper will then be to try to develop a unified account of the a priori, dealing with the notions of intuition and a priori evidence, the question (...)
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  11. A Priori Knowledge and the Scope of Philosophy.George Bealer - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):121-142.
    This paper provides a defense of two traditional theses: the Autonomy of Philosophy and the Authority of Philosophy. The first step is a defense of the evidential status of intuitions (intellectual seemings). Rival views (such as radical empiricism), which reject the evidential status of intuitions, are shown to be epistemically self-defeating. It is then argued that the only way to explain the evidential status of intuitions is to invoke modal reliabilism. This theory requires that intuitions have a certain qualified modal (...)
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  12. A Priori Knowledge: Replies to William Lycan and Ernest Sosa.George Bealer - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):163-174.
    This paper contains replies to comments on the author's paper "A Priori Knowledge and the Scope of Philosophy." Several points in the argument of that paper are given further clarification: the notion of our standard justificatory procedure, the notion of a basic source of evidence, and the doctrine of modal reliabilism. The reliability of intuition is then defended against Lycan's skepticism and a response is given to Lycan's claim that the scope of a priori knowledge does not include philosophically central (...)
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  13. The Philosophical Limits of Scientific Essentialism.George Bealer - 1987 - Philosophical Perspectives 1:289-365.
    Scientific essentialism is the view that some necessities can be known only with the aid of empirical science. The thesis of the paper is that scientific essentialism does not extend to the central questions of philosophy and that these questions can be answered a priori. The argument is that the evidence required for the defense of scientific essentialism is reliable only if the intuitions required by philosophy to answer its central questions is also reliable. Included is an outline of a (...)
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  14. What Is Meant by the A Priori Element in Knowledge?E. C. Benecke - 1895 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (2):11 - 25.
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  15. The a Priori--A Posteriori Distinction.David W. Benfield - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (2):151-166.
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  16. A Priori and a Posteriori in Cognitive Praxis the Model for the Regulation of Agonistic Antagonistic Couples.E. Bernard-Weil - 1992 - In G. van der Vijve (ed.), New Perspectives on Cybernetics. pp. 220--59.
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  17. Default Reasonableness and the Mathoids.Sharon Berry - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3695-3713.
    In this paper I will argue that (principled) attempts to ground a priori knowledge in default reasonable beliefs cannot capture certain common intuitions about what is required for a priori knowledge. I will describe hypothetical creatures who derive complex mathematical truths like Fermat’s last theorem via short and intuitively unconvincing arguments. Many philosophers with foundationalist inclinations will feel that these creatures must lack knowledge because they are unable to justify their mathematical assumptions in terms of the kind of basic facts (...)
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  18. Putnam on the a Priori.Rod Bertolet - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (2-3):253-263.
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  19. The A Priority of Abduction.Stephen Biggs & Jessica M. Wilson - 2016 - Philosophical Studies:1-24.
    Here we challenge the orthodoxy according to which abduction is an a posteriori mode of inference. We start by providing a case study illustrating how abduction can justify a philosophical claim not justifiable by empirical evidence alone. While many grant abduction's epistemic value, nearly all assume that abductive justification is a posteriori, on grounds that our belief in abduction's epistemic value depends on empirical evidence about how the world contingently is. Contra this assumption, we argue, first, that our belief in (...)
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  20. Content and Justification: Philosophical Papers.A. Boghossian Paul - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume presents a series of influential essays by Paul Boghossian on the theory of content and on its relation to the phenomenon of a priori knowledge. The essays are organized under four headings: the nature of content; content and self-knowledge; knowledge, content, and the a priori; and colour concepts.
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  21. Epistemic Analyticity: A Defense.Paul A. Boghossian - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):15-35.
    The paper is a defense of the project of explaining the a priori via the notion of meaning or concept possession. It responds to certain objections that have been made to this project—in particular, that there can be no epistemically analytic sentences that are not also metaphysically analytic, and that the notion of implicit definition cannot explain a priori entitlement. The paper goes on to distinguish between two different ways in which facts about meaning might generate facts about entitlement—inferential and (...)
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  22. New Essays on the A Priori.Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    A stellar line-up of leading philosophers from around the world offer new treatments of a topic which has long been central to philosophical debate, and in ...
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  23. Is There a Priori Knowledge?Laurence BonJour - 2013 - In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell. pp. 177.
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  24. New Essays on the A Priori.Laurence Bonjour - 2002 - Mind 111 (443):647-652.
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  25. Review: Boghossian, Paul, New Essays on the A Priori[REVIEW]Laurence Bonjour - 2002 - Mind 111 (443):647-652.
  26. Four Theses Concerning a Priori Justification.Laurence BonJour - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 5:13-20.
    In my book In Defense of Pure Reason, I offer an extended defense of the idea of a priori justification and, more specifically, of a rationalist conception of such justification: one according to which rational insight or intuition provides genuine justification for claims that need not be merely definitional or tautological in character. In the relatively brief space available to me on the present occasion, I want to present and defend, necessarily in rather broad strokes, four of the most central (...)
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  27. A Priori Knowledge and Cosmology.N. W. Boyce - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (179):67 - 70.
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  28. Justified Concepts and the Limits of the Conceptual Approach to the A Priori.Darren Bradley - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):267-274.
    Carrie Jenkins (2005, 2008) has developed a theory of the a priori that she claims solves the problem of how justification regarding our concepts can give us justification regarding the world. She claims that concepts themselves can be justified, and that beliefs formed by examining such concepts can be justified a priori. I object that we can have a priori justified beliefs with unjustified concepts if those beliefs have no existential import. I then argue that only beliefs without existential import (...)
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  29. A Priori Justification.Darragh Byrne - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (3):241-251.
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  30. Symposium: Is the Knowledge of Space A Priori?H. W. Carr, J. H. Muirhead & G. F. Stout - 1894 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (1):119 - 133.
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  31. Self-Knowledge, A Priori Knowledge, and the Cognitive Structure of the Mind.Quassim Cassam - 1998 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Contemporary Issues in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
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  32. On Kitcher's Definition of a Priori Knowledge.Charles Cassini - 2004 - Philosophy Today 48 (3):235-244.
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  33. Articulating the A Priori-A Posteriori Distinction.Albert Casullo - unknown
    It seems to me that discussions of the past decades have made clear how intricate and complex the classical notion of the a priori is, and neither the Strong conception nor the Weak conception (nor anything else) can provide a coherent explication. (Kitcher 2000.
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  34. Four Challenges to the a Priori—a Posteriori Distinction.Albert Casullo - 2015 - Synthese 192 (9):2701-2724.
    During the past decade a new twist in the debate regarding the a priori has unfolded. A number of prominent epistemologists have challenged the coherence or importance of the a priori—a posteriori distinction or, alternatively, of the concept of a priori knowledge. My focus in this paper is on these new challenges to the a priori. My goals are to provide a framework for organizing the challenges, articulate and assess a range of the challenges, and present two challenges of my (...)
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  35. Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification.Albert Casullo - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    The past twenty-five years have seen a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge. In the sixteen essays collected here, which span this entire period, philosopher Albert Casullo documents the complex set of issues motivating the renewed interest, identifies the central epistemological questions, and provides the leading ideas of a unified response to them.
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  36. Four Challenges to the a Priori—a Posteriori Distinction.Albert Casullo - 2013 - Synthese 192 (9):1-24.
    During the past decade a new twist in the debate regarding the a priori has unfolded. A number of prominent epistemologists have challenged the coherence or importance of the a priori—a posteriori distinction or, alternatively, of the concept of a priori knowledge. My focus in this paper is on these new challenges to the a priori. My goals are to (1) provide a framework for organizing the challenges, (2) articulate and assess a range of the challenges, and (3) present two (...)
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  37. Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays.Albert Casullo - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    The past twenty-five years have seen a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge. In the sixteen essays collected here, which span this entire period, philosopher Albert Casullo documents the complex set of issues motivating the renewed interest, identifies the central epistemological questions, and provides the leading ideas of a unified response to them.
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  38. Analyzing a Priori Knowledge.Albert Casullo - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 142 (1):77 - 90.
    There are four approaches to analyzing the concept of a priori knowledge. The primary target of the reductive approach is the concept of a priori justification. The primary target of the nonreductive approach is the concept of a priori knowledge. There are two approaches to analyzing each primary target. A theory-neutral approach provides an analysis that does not presuppose any general theory of knowledge or justification. A theory-laden approach provides an analysis that does presuppose some general theory of knowledge or (...)
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  39. Epistemic Overdetermination and A Priori Justification.Albert Casullo - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):41-58.
    Philosophical Perspectives 19 (2005): 41-58.
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  40. A Priori Justification.Albert Casullo - 2003 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The major divide in contemporary epistemology is between those who embrace and those who reject a priori knowledge. Albert Casullo provides a systematic treatment of the primary epistemological issues associated with the controversy. By freeing the a priori from traditional assumptions about the nature of knowledge and justification, he offers a novel approach to resolving these issues which assigns a prominent role to empirical evidence. He concludes by arguing that traditional approaches to the a priori, which focus primarily on the (...)
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  41. Review: Experience and A Priori Justification. [REVIEW]Albert Casullo - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):665 - 671.
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  42. Revisability, Reliabilism, and a Priori Knowledge.Albert Casullo - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (2):187-213.
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  43. Necessity, Certainty, and the a Priori.Albert Casullo - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):43 - 66.
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  44. On "A Definition of A Priori Knowledge".Albert Casullo - 1978 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (2):43-46.
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  45. The Definition of a Priori Knowledge.Albert Casullo - 1977 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):220-224.
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  46. Annotated Bibliography on A Priori Knowledge.Albert Casullo - unknown
    Contents 1. Introduction 2. General Overviews 3. Textbooks 4. Anthologies 5. Historical Background to the Contemporary Debate 6. General Accounts 7. Mathematical Knowledge 8. Logical Knowledge 9. Intuitions and Conceptual Analysis 10. Modal Knowledge a. Overviews b. Primary Sources 11. Testimonial Knowledge 12. Naturalism 13. Scepticism 14. New Developments..
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  47. Is There a Distinction Between a Priori and a Posteriori.Hiu Man Chan - unknown
    This thesis studies whether there is a tenable distinction between a priori justification and a posteriori justification. My research considers three possible conceptions of a priori: Justification Independent of Experience, Mere Meaning Based Justification and Justification by Rational Insight, and examines whether they can provide a sound and significant distinction between a priori and a posteriori. This thesis contains five chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the background knowledge of the a priori/a posteriori distinction. Chapter 2 analyzes the traditional conception of a (...)
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  48. Toward a Functional Definition of the a Priori.Arthur Child - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (6):155-160.
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  49. Analytic Theories of A Priori Knowledge.Tim Crane - 1997 - In T. Childers (ed.), The Logica Yearbook. Czech Academy of Sciences. pp. 89-97.
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  50. 'La Notion d'"A Priori". [REVIEW]D. O. D. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (4):699-699.
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