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  1. Zeno's Paradox as a Derivative for the Ontological Proof of Panpsychism.Eamon Macdougall - manuscript
    This article attempts to elucidate the phenomenon of time and its relationship to consciousness. It defends the idea that time exists both as a psychological or illusory experience, and as an ontological property of spacetime that actually exists independently of human experience.
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  2. Reaction Time Indices of Automatic Imitation Measure Imitative Response Tendencies.Emiel Cracco & Marcel Brass - forthcoming - Consciousness and Cognition.
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  3. The Developmental Profile of Temporal Binding: From Childhood to Adulthood.Sara Lorimer, Teresa McCormack, Emma Blakey, David A. Lagnado, Christoph Hoerl, Emma Tecwyn & Marc J. Buehner - forthcoming - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.
    Temporal binding refers to a phenomenon whereby the time interval between a cause and its effect is perceived as shorter than the same interval separating two unrelated events. We examined the developmental profile of this phenomenon by comparing the performance of groups of children (aged 6-7-, 7-8-, and 9-10- years) and adults on a novel interval estimation task. In Experiment 1, participants made judgments about the time interval between i) their button press and a rocket launch, and ii) a non-causal (...)
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  4. Are Errors Detected Before They Occur? Early Error Sensations Revealed by Metacognitive Judgments on the Timing of Error Awareness.Francesco Di Gregorio, Martin E. Maier & Marco Steinhauser - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102857.
  5. Time Markers and Temporal Illusions.Valtteri Arstila - 2019 - In Adrian Bardon, Valtteri Arstila, Sean Power & Argiro Vatakis (eds.), The Illusions of Time: Philosophical and Psychological Essays on Timing and Time Perception. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    According to the thesis of temporal isomorphism, the experienced order of events in the world and the order in which experiences are processed in the brain are the same. The thesis is encompassed in the brain-time view, a popular view on the literature of the temporal illusions. The view is commonly contrasted with the event-time view, which maintains that the experienced order of events reflects the order in which the events occur in the world. This chapter focuses on the conflict (...)
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  6. Bayes, Time Perception, and Relativity: The Central Role of Hopelessness.Lachlan Kent, George van Doorn, Jakob Hohwy & Britt Klein - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 69:70-80.
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  7. Systema Temporis: A Time-Based Dimensional Framework for Consciousness and Cognition.Lachlan Kent, George Van Doorn & Britt Klein - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 73:102766.
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  8. The Effect of Increased Parasympathetic Activity on Perceived Duration.Ruth S. Ogden, Jessica Henderson, Kate Slade, Francis McGlone & Michael Richter - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 76:102829.
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  9. ¿Tiempo objetivo o temporalidad de la experiencia de aprendizaje en la escuela?: abordaje desde la ecología cognitiva.Ronnie Videla Reyes - 2019 - In Pasos para una ecología cognitiva de la educación. La Serena, Región de Coquimbo, Chile: pp. 15-35.
    El presente capítulo tiene la finalidad de describir las diferencias entre un tiempo objetivo de aprendizaje y la temporalidad de la experiencia de aprendizaje. Para esto, cuestiona el paradigma actual de la cognición orientada al procesamiento de la información, donde el tiempo de aprendizaje de la interacción en el aula está susbsumido a un a priori que anticipa el devenir espontáneo de la interacción. En respuesta a lo anterior, proponemos más bien el paradigma contemporáneo de la ecología cognitiva que refuta (...)
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  10. Connecting Action Control and Agency: Does Action-Effect Binding Affect Temporal Binding?Katharina A. Schwarz, Lisa Weller, Roland Pfister & Wilfried Kunde - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 76:102833.
  11. A Standard Conceptual Framework for the Study of Subjective Time.Sven Thönes & Kurt Stocker - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 71:114-122.
  12. Temporal Experiences Without the Specious Present.Valtteri Arstila - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (2):287-302.
    Most philosophers believe that we have experiences as of temporally extended phenomena like change, motion, and succession. Almost all theories of time consciousness explain these temporal experiences by subscribing to the doctrine of the specious present, the idea that the contents of our experiences embrace temporally extended intervals of time and are presented as temporally structured. Against these theories, I argue that the doctrine is false and present a theory that does not require the notion of a specious present. Furthermore, (...)
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  13. Slow and Steady, Not Fast and Furious: Slow Temporal Modulation Strengthens Continuous Flash Suppression.Shui'er Han, Randolph Blake & David Alais - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 58:10-19.
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  14. The Effect of Temporal Concept on the Automatic Activation of Spatial Representation: From Axis to Plane.Dexian He, Xianyou He, Siyan Lai, Shuang Wu, Juan Wan & Tingting Zhao - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:95-108.
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  15. The Phenomenology of REM-Sleep Dreaming: The Contributions of Personal and Perspectival Ownership, Subjective Temporality and Episodic Memory.Stan Klein - 2018 - Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 6:55-66.
    Although the dream narrative, of (bio)logical necessity, originates with the dreamer, s/he typically does not know this. For the dreamer, the dream world is the real world. In this article I argue that this nightly misattribution is best explained in terms of the concept of mental ownership (e.g., Albahari, 2006; Klein, 2015a; Lane, 2012). Specifically, the exogenous nature of the dream narrative is the result of an individual assuming perspectival, but not personal, ownership of content s/he authored (i.e., “The content (...)
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  16. Time Drawings: Spatial Representation of Temporal Concepts.María Juliana Leone, Alejo Salles, Alejandro Pulver, Diego Andrés Golombek & Mariano Sigman - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 59:10-25.
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  17. Unexpected Action Outcomes Produce Enhanced Temporal Binding but Diminished Judgement of Agency.Bartosz Majchrowicz & Michał Wierzchoń - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:310-324.
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  18. Experiencing Time. [REVIEW]Kourken Michaelian - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (272):642-644.
  19. Cognitions About Time Affect Perception, Behavior, and Physiology – A Review on Effects of External Clock-Speed Manipulations.Sven Thönes, Stefan Arnau & Edmund Wascher - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 63:99-109.
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  20. Is Conscious Perception a Series of Discrete Temporal Frames?Peter A. White - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 60:98-126.
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  21. Experience and the Pacemaker- Accumulator Model.V. Arstila - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (3-4):14-36.
    The pacemaker-accumulator model provides a framework in which the results of different duration estimation tasks are commonly accounted for. Nevertheless, the model remains abstract and it does not provide proper explanations nor predictions for duration estimations in various experimental set-ups. This paper aims to address these shortcomings by explicating an experiential pacemaker-accumulator model that supplements the standard pacemaker-accumulator model with two claims. Both of them concern the role that experiences play in duration estimation tasks and are also partly supported by (...)
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  22. Animal Minds in Time: The Question of Episodic Memory.Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack - 2017 - In Kristin Andrews & Jacob Beck (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds. London: Routledge. pp. 56-64.
    One particularly vibrant area of debate, in recent times, concerning potential cognitive differences between humans and other animals (and also one wth a veritable history) is centred on the claim that non-human animals are, in some sense, 'stuck in time', whereas humans are able to cognitively transcend the present moment in time by turning their minds back to particular past events. This chapter seeks to clarify what is at issue in these debates.
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  23. The Arrow of Mind.R. Le Poidevin - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (3-4):112-126.
    Episodic memory provides a peculiarly intimate kind of access to our experiential past. Does this tell us anything about the nature of time, and in particular the basis of time's direction? This paper will argue that the causal theory of temporal direction enables us to unify a number of the key features of episodic memory: its being about particular past experiences, its reliable representation of experiences as past, and the derivative nature of this kind of access to the past: that (...)
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  24. Review of Human Nature Sandis and Cain Eds. (2012).Michael Starks - 2017 - Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization -- Articles and Reviews 2006-2017 3rd Ed 686p(2017).
    Like most writing on human behavior, these articles lack a coherent framework and so I hesitate to recommend this book to anyone, as the experienced ought to have about the same perspective I do, and the naïve will mostly be wasting their time. Since I find most of these essays obviously off the mark or just very dull, I can't generate much enthusiasm for commenting on them, so after providing what I consider a reasonable precis of a framework (see my (...)
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  25. Timing Disownership Experiences in the Rubber Hand Illusion.Lane Timothy - 2017 - Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2 (4):1-14.
    Some investigators of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) have suggested that when standard RHI induction procedures are employed, if the rubber hand is experienced by participants as owned, their corresponding biological hands are experienced as disowned. Others have demurred: drawing upon a variety of experimental data and conceptual considerations, they infer that experience of the RHI might include the experience of a supernumerary limb, but that experienced disownership of biological hands does not occur. Indeed, some investigators even categorically deny that (...)
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  26. Using Temporal Order Judgments to Investigate Attention Bias Toward Pain and Threat-Related Information. Methodological and Theoretical Issues.Lieve Filbrich, Diana M. Torta, Camille Vanderclausen, Elena Azañón & Valéry Legrain - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 41:135-138.
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  27. Against Discontinuism: Mental Time Travel and Our Knowledge of Past and Future Events.Kourken Michaelian - 2016 - In Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein & Karl K. Szpunar (eds.), Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. Oxford University Press. pp. 62-92.
    Continuists maintain that, aside from their distinct temporal orientations, episodic memory and future-oriented mental time travel (FMTT) are qualitatively continuous. Discontinuists deny this, arguing that, in addition to their distinct temporal orientations, there are qualitative metaphysical or epistemological differences between episodic memory and FMTT. This chapter defends continuism by responding both to arguments for metaphysical discontinuism, based on alleged discontinuities between episodic memory and FMTT at the causal, intentional, and phenomenological levels, and to arguments for epistemological discontinuism, based on alleged (...)
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  28. Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel.Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein & Karl K. Szpunar (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    Episodic memory is a major area of research in psychology. Initially viewed as a distinct store of information derived from experienced episodes, episodic memory is understood today as a form of mental "time travel" into the personal past. Recent research has revealed striking similarities between episodic memory - past-oriented mental time travel - and future-oriented mental time travel (FMTT). Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel brings together leading contributors in both empirical and theoretical disciplines to present (...)
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  29. Philosophy and Psychology of Time.B. Mölder, V. Arstila & P. Øhrstrøm (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
  30. Relative and Absolute Presence.Sean Enda Power - 2016 - In B. Mölder, V. Arstila & P. Øhrstrøm (eds.), Philosophy and Psychology of Time. Springer. pp. 69-100.
    Different ways of thinking about presence can have significant consequences for one's thinking about temporal experience. Temporal presence can be conceived of as either absolute or relative. Relative presence is analogous to spatial presence, whereas absolute presence is not. For each of these concepts of presence, there is a theory of time which holds that this is how presence really is. For the A-theory, temporal presence is absolute; it is a special moment in time, a time defined by events in (...)
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  31. Temporal Focus, Temporal Distance, and Mind-Wandering Valence: Results From an Experience Sampling and an Experimental Study.Maitta Spronken, Rob W. Holland, Bernd Figner & Ap Dijksterhuis - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 41:104-118.
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  32. Cross-Modal Prediction Changes the Timing of Conscious Access During the Motion-Induced Blindness.Acer Y.-C. Chang, Ryota Kanai & Anil K. Seth - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:139-147.
  33. The Conscious Awareness of Time Distortions Regulates the Effect of Emotion on the Perception of Time.S. Droit-Volet, M. Lamotte & M. Izaute - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:155-164.
  34. Seeing Motion and Apparent Motion.Christoph Hoerl - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):676-702.
    In apparent motion experiments, participants are presented with what is in fact a succession of two brief stationary stimuli at two different locations, but they report an impression of movement. Philosophers have recently debated whether apparent motion provides evidence in favour of a particular account of the nature of temporal experience. I argue that the existing discussion in this area is premised on a mistaken view of the phenomenology of apparent motion and, as a result, the space of possible philosophical (...)
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  35. Timing Matters! The Neural Signature of Intuitive Judgments Differs According to the Way Information is Presented.Ninja K. Horr, Christoph Braun, Thea Zander & Kirsten G. Volz - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:71-87.
  36. Conscious Experience of Time: Its Significance and Interpretation in Neuroscience and Philosophy.Michał Klincewicz & Sophie Herbst - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:151-154.
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  37. Stroke Me for Longer This Touch Feels Too Short: The Effect of Pleasant Touch on Temporal Perception.Ruth S. Ogden, David Moore, Leanne Redfern & Francis McGlone - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:306-313.
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  38. The Psychophysics of Order and Anisotropy: Comment on Riemer.Sean Enda Power - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:198-204.
    Riemer’s recent paper on the perception of time discusses a neglected yet important topic in the psychological literature: the consequences for psychology (and psychophysics) from the ‘anisotropy’ of time. The paper presents an argument that there are unique kinds of challenges for psychophysics from such temporal anisotropy: (a) Challenges because the psychological experience of time has temporal anisotropy and the physical concept of time does not have temporal anisotropy. (b) Challenges for experimental research which are unique to temporal anisotropy. -/- (...)
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  39. Reporting on the Temporal Properties of Visual Events Masked with Continuous Flash Suppression.Travis Riddle, Hakwan Lau & Betsy Sparrow - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:154-168.
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  40. Lost in Time..Ceci Verbaarschot, Jason Farquhar & Pim Haselager - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:300-315.
  41. Passage of Time Judgements.J. H. Wearden - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:165-171.
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  42. The Temporal-Relevance Temporal-Uncertainty Model of Prospective Duration Judgment.Dan Zakay - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:182-190.
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  43. Time Counts: Bidirectional Interaction Between Time and Numbers in Human Adults.Isabel Arend, Marinella Cappelletti & Avishai Henik - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 26:3-12.
    Number is known for influencing time processing, but to what extent time influences number in human adults is unclear. We investigated possible bidirectional interactions using a novel Stroop-like task; participants compared numbers or temporal durations in congruent or incongruent conditions . Time and number tasks were presented in different blocks or within the same block of trials with task instructions provided at the offset of the stimuli . Analyses of response times and their distribution revealed that number affected time from (...)
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  44. Present Moment, Past, and Future: Mental Kaleidoscope.Andrew A. Fingelkurts & Alexander A. Fingelkurts - 2014 - Frontiers Psychology 5:395.
    It is the every person's daily phenomenal experience that conscious states represent their contents as occurring now. Following Droege (2009) we could state that consciousness has a peculiar affinity for presence. Some researchers even argue that conscious awareness necessarily demands that mental content is somehow held “frozen” within a discrete progressive present moment. Thus, phenomenal content seems to be minimally conscious if it is integrated into a single and coherent model of reality during a “virtual window” of presence.
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  45. Understanding Perception of Time in Terms of Perception of Change.Michal Klincewicz - 2014 - Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 126:58-63.
    In this paper, I offer an account of the dependence relation between perception of change and the subjective flow of time that is consistent with some extant empirical evidence from priming by unconscious change. This view is inspired by the one offered by William James, but it is articulated in the framework of contemporary functionalist accounts of mental qualities and higher-order theories of consciousness. An additional advantage of this account of the relationship between perception of change and subjective time is (...)
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  46. The Representation of Time in Agency.Holly Andersen - 2013 - In Adrian Bardon & Heather Dyke (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Philosophy of Time. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This paper outlines some key issues that arise when agency and temporality are considered jointly, from the perspective of psychology, cognitive neuroscience, phenomenology, and action theory. I address the difference between time simpliciter and time as represented as it figures in phenomena like intentional binding, goal-oriented action plans, emulation systems, and ‘temporal agency’. An examination of Husserl’s account of time consciousness highlights difficulties in generalizing his account to include a substantive notion of agency, a weakness inherited by explanatory projects like (...)
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  47. Consciousness-Body-Time: How Do People Think Lacking Their Body? [REVIEW]Yochai Ataria & Yuval Neria - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (2):159-178.
    War captivity is an extreme traumatic experience typically involving exposure to repeated stressors, including torture, isolation, and humiliation. Captives are flung from their previous known world into an unfamiliar reality in which their state of consciousness may undergo significant change. In the present study extensive interviews were conducted with fifteen Israeli former prisoners of war who fell captive during the 1973 Yom Kippur war with the goal of examining the architecture of human thought in subjects lacking a sense of body (...)
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  48. Consciousness as Presence: An Exploration of the Illusion of Self.Charles Kedric Fink - 2013 - Buddhist Studies Review 30 (1):113-128.
    Buddhism teaches that ‘self’ as a substantial, enduring entity is an illusion. But for self to be an illusion there must be something in our experience that is misinterpreted as self. What is this? The notion of an experiential self plays an important role in phenomenological investigations of conscious experience. Does the illusion of self consist in mistaking a purely experiential self for a substantial self? I argue against this and locate the source of the illusion in time-consciousness. It is (...)
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  49. Neural Activity in Relation to Temporal Distance: Differences in Past and Future Temporal Discounting.J. He, X. Huang, H. Yuan & Y. Chen - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1662-1672.
    This study investigated the differences between past and future temporal discounting in terms of neural activity in relation to temporal distance. Results show that brain regions are engaged differently in past and future temporal discounting. This is likely because past temporal discounting requires memory reconstruction, whereas future temporal discounting requires the processing of uncertainty about the future. In past temporal discounting, neural activity differed only when preferences were made between rewards received one hour prior and rewards received further in the (...)
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  50. Individual Differences in Time Perspective Predict Autonoetic Experience.Kathleen M. Arnold, Kathleen B. McDermott & Karl K. Szpunar - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):712-719.
    Tulving posited that the capacity to remember is one facet of a more general capacity—autonoetic consciousness. Autonoetic consciousness was proposed to underlie the ability for “mental time travel” both into the past and into the future to envision potential future episodes . The current study examines whether individual differences can predict autonoetic experience. Specifically, the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory was administered to 133 undergraduate students, who also rated phenomenological experiences accompanying autobiographical remembering and episodic future thinking. Scores on two of (...)
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