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Summary The history of toleration is largely the history of liberalism.  It is not just liberalism in a narrow understanding, though, that is concerned with toleration.  Arguably all normative political theories are.  Indeed, many moral theories speak to toleration.  There are at least two sets of issues considered by the pieces in this category: how do moral theories ground a belief in the normative value of toleration and what do normative political theories require be tolerated.
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1313 found
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  1. A Matter of Respect. On the Relation Between the Majority and Minorities in a Democracy.Emanuela Ceva & Federico Zuolo - manuscript
    The relations between the majority and minorities in a democracy have been standardly viewed as the main subject matter of toleration: the majority should refrain from using its dominant position to interfere with some minorities’ practices or beliefs despite its dislike or disapproval of such practices or beliefs. Can the idea of toleration provide us with the necessary resources to understand and respond to the problems arising out of majority/minorities relations in a democracy? We reply in the negative and make (...)
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  2. Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy.C. Laborde A. Bardon (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  3. Michael Walzer, On Toleration.D. Archard - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
  4. John Rawls et l'engagement moral.Christian Arnsperger - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    Cet article analyse la manière dont l'engagement moral individuel est traité dans la théorie de la justice de John Rawls. En partant de la distinctionclé entre rationnel et raisonnable, la notion de « conformité » est décomposée en plusieurs strates. A une forme minimale de la conformité s'ajoutent des notions d'adhésion faible et d'adhésion forte. Diverses maximes de comportement individuel sont discutées, qui correspondent à différents degrés d'exigence morale. L'article s'achève sur une réflexion plus large sur le lien entre engagement (...)
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  5. Why Tolerate Conscience?François Boucher & Cécile Laborde - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-21.
    In Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter argues against the special legal status of religion, claiming that religion should not be the only ground for exemptions to the law and that this form of protection should be, in principle, available for the claims of secular conscience as well. However, in the last chapter of his book, he objects to a universal regime of exemptions for both religious and secular claims of conscience, highlighting the practical and moral flaws associated with it. We (...)
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  6. Civilizational Delusions: Secularism, Tolerance, Equality.Wendy Brown - forthcoming - Theory and Event 15 (2).
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  7. Charlie Hebdo Meets Utility Monster.William A. Edmundson - forthcoming - The Critique.
    The Charlie Hebdo massacre in January 2015 and the subsequent attacks of November 13 cast a garish light onto a conundrum at the center of how liberal democracies understand themselves. The Syrian emigrant crisis has added further color. How can a tolerant, liberal political culture tolerate the presence of intolerant, illiberal, sub-cultures while remaining true to its principles of tolerance? The problem falls within the intersection of two developments in the thinking of John Rawls, the great American political philosopher who (...)
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  8. Review of Religious Convictions in Liberal Politics, by Christopher Eberle. [REVIEW]Gerald Gaus - forthcoming - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  9. Saggio sulla tolleranza.John Locke & Brunella Casalini - forthcoming - Bollettino Telematico di Filosofia Politica.
    Una nuova traduzione di "An Essay Concerning Toleration" di John Locke.
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  10. Toleration as a Moral Ideal. Aspects of Toleration.P. P. Nicholson - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies. London: Methuen.
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  11. A Cultural Appreciation of Diversity of Ethical Strategies.Taran Patel - forthcoming - Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
  12. Zagadka Tolerancji [The Puzzle of Tolerance].Wojciech Sadurski - forthcoming - Res Publica.
  13. Ce Facem Cu Străinii? Pluralism Vs. Multiculturalism.Giovanni Sartori - forthcoming - Humanitas.
  14. Formas del respeto y diversidad sexual. ¿Es descartable la tolerancia?Manfred Svensson & Eduardo Fuentes - 2019 - Filosofia Unisinos 20 (1):36-45.
    Desde hace unas décadas se ha manifestado un movimiento en la literatura relevante que busca la superación de la tolerancia, especialmente en casos como el de la diversidad sexual y otras diferencias atributivas. La idea subyacente es que la tolerancia es incompatible con el respeto que nos debemos como iguales en una democracia. En este artículo argumentamos que la noción de respeto que motiva tal movimiento es inadecuada políticamente, dados los profundos desacuerdos de nuestras sociedades. En su lugar proponemos una (...)
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  15. Toleration and Groups.Peter Balint - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (3):375-384.
  16. Toleration and Freedom From Harm: Liberalism Reconceived.Andrew Jason Cohen - 2018 - Routledge.
    Toleration matters to us all. It contributes both to individuals leading good lives and to societies that are simultaneously efficient and just. There are personal and social matters that would be improved by taking toleration to be a fundamental value. This book develops and defends a full account of toleration—what it is, why and when it matters, and how it should be manifested in a just society. Cohen defends a normative principle of toleration grounded in a new conception of freedom (...)
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  17. Toleration and Pragmatism: Themes From The Work of John Horton.Sorin Baiasu - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):397-413.
    John Horton’s work has been particularly influential in debates on specific topics related to toleration, political obligation, modus vivendi and political realism. More recently, he has synthesised these views in the form of a distinctive position in political philosophy, a position that has the potential to question much of the received wisdom in the field. The papers of this special issue engage with some of the most fundamental issues of Horton’s account, more exactly, the related issues of toleration and modus (...)
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  18. Political Toleration, Exclusionary Reasoning and the Extraordinary Politics.Armin Khameh - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (6):646-666.
    Western societies today are marked by a broad liberal consensus in favor of toleration. Yet, some philosophers have charged that political toleration as a liberal ideal is incoherent. Some have argued that toleration is incompatible with liberal political orders due to egalitarian considerations. Others have suggested that in a truly liberal society, where the state’s justice-based duties of non-interference are the most appropriate response to diversity, political toleration is practically redundant. This article defends political toleration against the above allegations. My (...)
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  19. Natural Law, Judgement and Toleration in Locke.Timothy Stanton - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (1).
    Locke’s views on toleration and natural law have recently received a ‘reassessment’ at the hands of John William Tate. This article demonstrates some of the many and various ways in which Tate has mangled Locke’s positions and misconstrued the views of interpreters of Locke whose interpretations he finds uncongenial. It finds that there are no textual grounds for Tate’s claims and invites readers to reassess whether and how far they ought to be taken seriously.
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  20. Locke, Toleration and Natural Law: A Reassessment.John William Tate - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (1).
    There is an increasingly prevalent view among some contemporary Locke scholars that Locke's political philosophy is thoroughly subordinate to theological imperatives, centered on natural law. This article challenges this point of view by critically evaluating this interpretation of Locke as advanced by some of its leading proponents. This interpretation perceives natural law as the governing principle of Locke's political philosophy, and the primary source of transition and reconciliation within it. This article advances a very different reading of Locke's political philosophy, (...)
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  21. Les signes religieux, la laïcité et la mentalité médiévale : du débat public sur la Charte des valeurs.Arash Abizadeh - 2016 - In Alain-G. Gagnon & Jean-Charles St-Louis (eds.), Les Conditions du dialogue au Québec : Laïcité, réciprocité, pluralisme. Montreal: Québec Amérique. pp. 29-41.
    Our public debate over secularism has suffered from a kind of amnesia about the historical genesis of the modern, secular, and tolerant state. The transition away from the highly intolerant and persecutory regimes of late-medieval and early-modern Europe was greatly facilitated by four important developments. First, Europeans learned that social order and cohesion are threatened less by diversity than by intolerance of diversity. Second, the traditionally paternalist vision of the state’s role was called into question by a new valuation of (...)
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  22. Personal Sovereignty and Our Moral Rights to Non‐Interference.Susanne Burri - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):621-634.
    In this article, I defend the inviolability approach to solving the paradox of deontology against a criticism raised by Michael Otsuka. The paradox of deontology revolves around the question whether it should always be permissible to infringe someone's right to non-interference when this would serve to minimize the overall number of comparable rights infringements that occur. According to the inviolability approach, rights to non-interference protect and give expression to our personal sovereignty, which is not advanced through the minimization of rights (...)
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  23. Tolerance: A Sensorial Orientation to Politics.Romand Coles - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (1):e1-e4.
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  24. Between Indifference and the Regimes of Truth. An Essay on Fundamentalism, Tolerance and Hypocrisy.Theo de Wit - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (3):689-703.
    There are two basic positions where tolerance as political strategy and moral viewpoint is rejected or made redundant. We are hostile to tolerance when we hold that we are defending an objective truth—religious or secular—which should also be defended and maintained by means of political and legal power. And tolerance become superfluous also when the affirmation of plurality becomes total, and tolerance identical to a vive la difference. As recent developments in my own country—the Netherlands—have demonstrated, the political outcome of (...)
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  25. From Natural Law to Natural Rights? Protestant Dissent and Toleration in the Late Eighteenth Century.Martin Hugh Fitzpatrick - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (2).
    SummaryThe toleration gained by Protestant Dissenters, the Toleration Act of 1689, was far from comprehensive. It insisted that Dissenting authorities should subscribe to the doctrinal articles of the Church of England. It suspended anti-Dissent legislation rather than repealing it and the sacramental requirement for civil officials remained in place. The situation of Dissent under the law was ambiguous and, at least in theory, the freedom of worship gained under the act was incomplete. This article examines Dissenter attempts to clarify their (...)
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  26. Tolerant Paternalism: Pro-Ethical Design as a Resolution of the Dilemma of Toleration.Luciano Floridi - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1669-1688.
    Toleration is one of the fundamental principles that inform the design of a democratic and liberal society. Unfortunately, its adoption seems inconsistent with the adoption of paternalistically benevolent policies, which represent a valuable mechanism to improve individuals’ well-being. In this paper, I refer to this tension as the dilemma of toleration. The dilemma is not new. It arises when an agent A would like to be tolerant and respectful towards another agent B’s choices but, at the same time, A is (...)
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  27. Second Treatise of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration.Mark Goldie (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    'Man being born...to perfect freedom...hath by nature a power...to preserve his property, that is, his life, liberty and estate.'Locke's Second Treatise of Government is one of the great classics of political philosophy, widely regarded as the foundational text of modern liberalism. In it Locke insists on majority rule, and regards no government as legitimate unless it has the consent of the people. He sets aside people's ethnicities, religions, and cultures and envisages political societies which command our assent because they meet (...)
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  28. Tolerance and Modern Liberalism: From Paradox to Aretaic Moral Ideal.René González de la Vega - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    In this book, René González de la Vega argues that tolerance under the structure of modern deontological liberalism becomes a "suicidal ideal" or an irrational attitude, mainly because its claims are contradictory to the core normative elements of this account of the liberal thought.
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  29. Accommodating Religion and Shifting Burdens.Peter Jones - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):515-536.
    With some qualifications, this article endorses Brian Leiter’s argument that religious accommodation should not shift burdens from believers to non-believers. It argues that religious believers should take responsibility for their beliefs and for meeting the demands of their beliefs. It then examines the implications of that argument for British law on indirect discrimination as it relates to religion or belief: burden-shifting from believers to employers and providers of goods and services should be deemed acceptable only insofar as the burden incurred (...)
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  30. Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy.Cecile Laborde & Aurélia Bardon (eds.) - 2016 - oxford university press.
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  31. Two Rawls Don't Make a Right: On Rainer Forst and the New Normativity.John McGuire - 2016 - Constellations 23 (1):110-121.
  32. Beyond the State’s Sovereignty – the Politics of Identity and the Path to Anti-Liberal Polity.Oram Matan - 2016 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 72 (4):1011-1038.
    Modern liberal Western democracies are currently facing hard times due to changes in the social fabric of these states’ political communities along with economic and cultural pressures. These factors are challenging the conventional perception of the nation-state as the political paradigm for modern democracy. The problematic addressed in this article identifies the intersection at this time of the liberal values and the ‘politics of identity’, which pose serious challenges to the Western democratic world and even possibly signal a ‘paradigm shift’. (...)
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  33. The Consequences of Error: Leibniz and Toleration.Mariangela Priarolo - 2016 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 71 (4):745-764.
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  34. Complimenting Rivals: Foucault, Rawls and the Problem of Public Reasoning.Mark Redhead - 2016 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 42 (6):526-548.
    This article pursues two questions: Can one use Foucault’s later writings on parrhesia and Kant to create a Foucaldian approach to public reason? If so, what lessons might those attracted to John Rawls’ well-known model of public reason draw from a Foucaldian orientation? By putting Foucault into a competitive yet productive relationship with Rawls, this article addresses some of the latter’s shortcomings. In doing so it also makes a larger argument about the need to develop approaches to democratic deliberation that (...)
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  35. On the Utility of Religious Toleration.Frederick Schauer - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):479-492.
    Brian Leiter’s Why Tolerate Religion? valuably clarifies the issues involved in granting religion-specific accommodations to laws and policies of general application. His arguments are careful, rigorous, and fair, and in rejecting the deontological arguments for religion-specific accommodations he seems to me largely correct. But when he turns to arguing against the utilitarian case for such accommodations, he employs a seemingly non-standard sense of utilitarianism in which demands of principled consistency constrain what would otherwise be utilitarian welfare-maximization. A more traditional and (...)
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  36. The Coherence of Bayle’s Theory of Toleration.Jean-Luc Solère - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):21-46.
    pierre bayle’s treatise on tolerance is a landmark in the birth of the modern mind. Written shortly before Locke’s Letter on Toleration, it advocates full toleration of all religious beliefs, not by reduction to the lowest common denominator, but rather because of the moral evilness of persecutions and forced conversions.However, many commentators believe that there is a flaw in Bayle’s theory: the so-called “conscientious persecutor aporia.”1 In order to show the wickedness of persecution, Bayle holds up conscience as an apparently (...)
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  37. Liberty, Toleration and Equality: John Locke, Jonas Proast and the Letters Concerning Toleration.John Tate - 2016 - Routledge.
    The seventeenth century English philosopher, John Locke, is widely recognized as one of the seminal sources of the modern liberal tradition. _Liberty, Toleration and Equality_ examines the development of Locke’s ideal of toleration, from its beginnings, to the culmination of this development in Locke’s fifteen year debate with his great antagonist, the Anglican clergyman, Jonas Proast. Locke, like Proast, was a sincere Christian, but unlike Proast, Locke was able to develop, over time, a perspective on toleration which allowed him to (...)
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  38. Wolterstorff’s Problem of Almighty Toleration.Kevin Vallier - 2016 - Journal of Analytic Theology 4:387-389.
    Nicholas Wolterstorff's defense of liberal democracy fails to justify a basic right of religious freedom.
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  39. The Power of Tolerance: A Debate Wendy Brown and Rainer Forst Columbia University Press, 2014; 112 Pp.; $15.00. [REVIEW]Alexander Agnello - 2015 - Dialogue 54 (3):557-559.
  40. Human Rights, Specification and Communities of Inquiry.Yann Allard-Tremblay - 2015 - Global Constitutionalism 4 (2): 254-287.
    This paper offers a revised political conception of human rights informed by legal pluralism and epistemic considerations. In the first part, I present the political conception of human rights. I then argue for four desiderata that such a conception should meet to be functionally applicable. In the rest of the first section and in the second section, I explain how abstract human rights norms and the practice of specification prevent the political conception from meeting these four desiderata. In the last (...)
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  41. What is Important in Theorizing Tolerance Today?Wendy Brown, Jan Dobbernack, Tariq Modood, Glen Newey, Andrew F. March, Lars Tønder & Rainer Forst - 2015 - Contemporary Political Theory 14 (2):159-196.
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  42. Diversity, Tolerance, and the Social Contract.Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (4):429-448.
    Philosophers and social scientists have recently turned to game theory and agent-based models to better understand social contract formation. The stag hunt game is an idealization of social contract formation. Using the stag hunt game, we attempt to determine what, if any, barrier diversity is to the formation of an efficient social contract. We uncover a deep connection between tolerance, diversity, and the social contract. We investigate a simple model in which individuals possess salient traits and behave cooperatively when the (...)
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  43. Reading Emerson in Neoliberal Times.Mark E. Button - 2015 - Political Theory 43 (3):312-333.
    Nineteenth-century American political thinkers like Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman advocated for and sought to exemplify a life of self-direction and critical self-reflection, or personal autonomy, as a means of contesting entrenched routines of democratic-capitalist normalization and as a way of resisting a host of institutional disciplinary pressures. Today, the ideal of personal autonomy within a diverse liberal society is branded by many as a form of “comprehensive” disciplinary normalization in its own right. In this essay I offer a reconsideration of (...)
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  44. Democracy and Critique: Comments on Rainer Forst’s Justification and Critique: Towards a Critical Theory of Politics.Simone Chambers - 2015 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 41 (3):213-217.
    In this article I challenge Rainer Forst’s model of critical theory from the point of view of democratic theory. I suggest that his approach is too abstract and hypothetical to address the real world challenges facing democratic polities today.
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  45. A New Approach to the Letter to D’Alembert.Israel Alexandria Costa - 2015 - Trans/Form/Ação 38 (s1):81-92.
    RESUMO:A réplica rousseauniana a d’Alembert, autor do verbete Genebra da Enciclopédia, foi batizada como Carta sobre os espetáculos, em respeito ao tema nela tratado após os dez primeiros parágrafos, os quais abordam explicitamente o tema da intolerância religiosa. Contudo, o presente artigo apresenta, sob a perspectiva de uma moral da tolerância que não se resume às questões religiosas, a defesa de que a Carta a d’Alembert é uma integral e avançada Carta sobre a Tolerância, por contemplar, além do discurso iluminista (...)
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  46. Toleration and the Design of Norms.Luciano Floridi - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1095-1123.
    One of the pressing challenges we face today—in a post-Westphalian order and post-Bretton Woods world —is how to design the right kind of MAS that can take full advantage of the socio-economic and political progress made so far, while dealing successfully with the new global challenges that are undermining the best legacy of that very progress. This is the topic of the article. In it, I argue that in order to design the right kind of MAS, we need to design (...)
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  47. The Right to Justification by Rainer Forst. [REVIEW]Rainer Forst, Matthias Fritsch, Jeffrey Flynn & Seyla Benhabib - 2015 - Political Theory 43 (6):777-837.
  48. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Spinoza on Politics.Daniel Frank & Jason Waller - 2015 - Routledge.
    Baruch Spinoza is one of the most influential and controversial political philosophers of the early modern period. Though best-known for his contributions to metaphysics, Spinoza’s _Theological-Political Treatise_ and his unfinished _Political Treatise_ were widely debated and helped to shape the political writings of philosophers as diverse as Rousseau, Kant, Marx, Nietzsche, and even Locke. In addition to its enormous historical importance, Spinoza’s political philosophy is also strikingly contemporary in its advocacy of toleration of unpopular religious and political views and his (...)
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  49. The Range of Toleration: From Toleration as Recognition Back to Disrespectful Tolerance.Anna Elisabetta Galeotti - 2015 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 41 (2):93-110.
    This article aims to provide a critical map of toleration as it is displayed in contemporary democracy. It does so by presenting three conceptions of toleration to which current practices of toleration can be traced, and, precisely, these are the standard notion, the political conception based on the neutrality principle, and toleration as recognition. The author argues that the latter is the appropriate conception to address the politically relevant issues of toleration arising in pluralistic democracy, while the first is adequate (...)
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  50. Toleration Out of Conflicts. Review Article of Reiner Forst’s ‘Toleration in Conflicts’.Elisabetta Galeotti - 2015 - European Journal of Political Theory 14 (2):246-255.
    Rainer Forst's Toleration in Conflict is a significant contribution to the important topic of toleration. Its critical survey of various arguments for and around toleration is thorough and rigorous. However, although Forst's argument for the respect concept of toleration is persuasive, the claim that this is a tolerant theory of toleration located at a higher level than other arguments is perhaps less so.
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