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  1. Invariant Multiattribute Utility Functions.Ali E. Abbas - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):69-99.
    We present a method to characterize the preferences of a decision maker in decisions with multiple attributes. The approach modifies the outcomes of a multivariate lottery with a multivariate transformation and observes the change in the decision maker’s certain equivalent. If the certain equivalent follows this multivariate transformation, we refer to this situation as multiattribute transformation invariance, and we derive the functional form of the utility function. We then show that any additive or multiplicative utility function that is formed of (...)
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  2. Rank-Dependent Utility.Mohammed Abdellaoui - 2009 - In Paul Anand, Prastanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press, Usa.
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  3. Causation and Decision.Arif Ahmed - 2010 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (2pt2):111-131.
    Sophisticated ‘tickle’-style defences of Evidential Decision Theory take your motivational state to screen off your act from any state that is causally independent of it, thus ensuring that EDT and CDT converge. That leads to unacceptable instability in cases in which the correct action is obvious. We need a more liberal conception of what the agent controls. It follows that an ordinary deliberator should sometimes consider the past and not only the future to be subject to her present choice.
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  4. Weak Utilities From Acyclicity.J. C. R. Alcantud - 1999 - Theory and Decision 47 (2):185-196.
    In this paper weak utilities are obtained for acyclic binary relations satisfying a condition weaker than semicontinuity on second countable topological spaces. In fact, in any subset of such a space we obtain a weak utility that characterizes the maximal elements as maxima of the function. The addition of separability of the relation yields the existence of semicontinuous representations. This property of the utility provides a result of existence of maximal elements for a class of spaces that include compact spaces. (...)
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  5. Continuous Utility Functions Through Scales.J. C. R. Alcantud, G. Bosi, M. J. Campión, J. C. Candeal, E. Induráin & C. Rodríguez-Palmero - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (4):479-494.
    We present here a direct elementary construction of continuous utility functions on perfectly separable totally preordered sets that does not make use of the well-known Debreu’s open gap lemma. This new construction leans on the concept of a separating countable decreasing scale. Starting from a perfectly separable totally ordered structure, we give an explicit construction of a separating countable decreasing scale, from which we show how to get a continuous utility map.
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  6. Richter–Peleg Multi-Utility Representations of Preorders.José Carlos R. Alcantud, Gianni Bosi & Magalì Zuanon - forthcoming - Theory and Decision.
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  7. Cardinal Utility.Maurice Allais - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):99-140.
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  8. When an Event Makes a Difference.Massimiliano Amarante & Fabio Maccheroni - 2006 - Theory and Decision 60 (2-3):119-126.
    For (S, Σ) a measurable space, let ${\cal C}_1$ and ${\cal C}_2$ be convex, weak* closed sets of probability measures on Σ. We show that if ${\cal C}_1$ ∪ ${\cal C}_2$ satisfies the Lyapunov property , then there exists a set A ∈ Σ such that minμ1∈ ${\cal C}_1$ μ1(A) > maxμ2 ∈ ${\cal C}_2$ (A). We give applications to Maxmin Expected Utility (MEU) and to the core of a lower probability.
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  9. Critical Examination of the New Foundation of Utility.Yakov Amihud - 1979 - In Maurice Allais & Ole Hagen (eds.), Expected Utility Hypotheses and the Allais Paradox. D. Reidel. pp. 149--160.
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  10. Neutrality and Utility.Richard J. Arneson - 1990 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):215 - 240.
  11. An Axiomatization of Choquet Expected Utility with Cominimum Independence.Takao Asano & Hiroyuki Kojima - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (1):117-139.
  12. Choice, Preference and Utility: A Response to Sommers.Harriet Baber - 1995 - Metaphilosophy 26 (4):402-412.
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  13. Do Bets Reveal Beliefs?Jean Baccelli - forthcoming - Synthese:1-27.
    This paper examines the preference-based approach to the identification of beliefs. It focuses on the main problem to which this approach is exposed, namely that of state-dependent utility. First, the problem is illustrated in full detail. Four types of state-dependent utility issues are distinguished. Second, a comprehensive strategy for identifying beliefs under state-dependent utility is presented and discussed. For the problem to be solved following this strategy, however, preferences need to extend beyond choices. We claim that this a necessary feature (...)
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  14. Utility Optimization When the Utility Function is Virtually Unknown.Enrique Ballestero & Carlos Romero - 1994 - Theory and Decision 37 (2):233-243.
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  15. A Note on Equivalent Comparisons of Information Channels.Luís Fernando Brands Barbosa & Gil Riella - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (1):33-44.
    Nakata (Theory Decis 71:559–574, 2011) presents a model of acquisition of information where the agent does not know what pieces of information she is missing. In this note, we point out some technical problems in a few of Nakata’s results and show how to correct them.
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  16. Local Utility Functions.Peter Bardsley - 1993 - Theory and Decision 34 (2):109-118.
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  17. Satan, Saint Peter and Saint Petersburg.Paul Bartha, John Barker & Alan Hájek - 2014 - Synthese 191 (4):629-660.
    We examine a distinctive kind of problem for decision theory, involving what we call discontinuity at infinity. Roughly, it arises when an infinite sequence of choices, each apparently sanctioned by plausible principles, converges to a ‘limit choice’ whose utility is much lower than the limit approached by the utilities of the choices in the sequence. We give examples of this phenomenon, focusing on Arntzenius et al.’s Satan’s apple, and give a general characterization of it. In these examples, repeated dominance reasoning (...)
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  18. On Ordinal Utility, Cardinal Utility and Random Utility.Richard Batley - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (1):37-63.
    Though the Random Utility Model (RUM) was conceived entirely in terms of ordinal utility, the apparatus through which it is widely practised exhibits properties of cardinal utility. The adoption of cardinal utility as a working operation of ordinal is perfectly valid, provided interpretations drawn from that operation remain faithful to ordinal utility. The article considers whether the latter requirement holds true for several measurements commonly derived from RUM. In particular it is found that measurements of consumer surplus change may depart (...)
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  19. Evaluating Time Streams of Income: Discounting What? [REVIEW]Manel Baucells & Rakesh K. Sarin - 2007 - Theory and Decision 63 (2):95-120.
    For decisions whose consequences accrue over time, there are several possible techniques to compute total utility. One is to discount utilities of future consequences at some appropriate rate. The second is to discount per-period certainty equivalents. And the third is to compute net present values (NPVs) of various possible streams and to then apply the utility function to these net present values. We find that the best approach is to first compute NPVs of various possible income streams and then take (...)
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  20. A Utilitarian Assessment of Alternative Decision Rules in the Council of Ministers.Claus Beisbart, Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2005 - European Union Politics 6 (4):395-419.
    We develop a utilitarian framework to assess different decision rules for the European Council of Ministers. The proposals to be decided on are conceptualized as utility vectors and a probability distribution is assumed over the utilities. We first show what decision rules yield the highest expected utilities for different means of the probability distri- bution. For proposals with high mean utility, simple bench- mark rules (such as majority voting with proportional weights) tend to outperform rules that have been proposed in (...)
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  21. Welfarism and the Assessment of Social Decision Rules.Claus Beisbart & Stephan Hartmann - 2006 - In Jerome Lang & Ulle Endriss (eds.), Computational Social Choice 2006. University of Amsterdam.
    The choice of a social decision rule for a federal assembly affects the welfare distribution within the federation. But which decision rules can be recommended on welfarist grounds? In this paper, we focus on two welfarist desiderata, viz. (i) maximizing the expected utility of the whole federation and (ii) equalizing the expected utilities of people from different states in the federation. We consider the European Union as an example, set up a probabilistic model of decision making and explore how different (...)
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  22. In the Realm of Agents.Nuel Belnap & Michael Perloff - unknown
    Stit theory (a logic of seeing-to-it-that) is applied to cases involving many agents. First treated are complex nestings of stits involving distinct agents. The discussion is driven by the logical impossibility of "a sees to it that b sees to it that Q" in the technical sense, even though that seems to make sense in everyday language, Of special utility are the concepts of "forced choice", of the creation of deontic states, and of probabilities, Second, joint agency, both plain and (...)
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  23. A Discussion of the Present State of Utility Theory.Georges Bernard - 1986 - Theory and Decision 20 (2):173-188.
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  24. On Utility Functions. The Present State.Georges Bernard - 1984 - Theory and Decision 17 (1):97-100.
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  25. Note on Two Applications of the CEVR Utility Function.Georges Bernard - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (2):199-203.
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  26. On Utility Functions.Georges Bernard - 1974 - Theory and Decision 5 (2):205-242.
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  27. Utility and Stochastic Dominance.Karl Borch - 1979 - In Maurice Allais & Ole Hagen (eds.), Expected Utility Hypotheses and the Allais Paradox. D. Reidel. pp. 193--201.
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  28. Dynamic Inconsistency and Choice.Isabelle Brocas - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (3):343-364.
    In this paper, we analyze an intra-personal game where a decision-maker is summarized by a succession of selves. Selves may (or may not) have conflicting interests, and earlier selves may have imperfect knowledge of the preferences of future selves. At date 1, self-1 chooses a menu, at date 2, the preferences of self-2 realize and self-2 chooses an item from the menu. We show that equilibrium choice is consistent with either a preference for flexibility, a preference for betweenness or a (...)
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  29. Approaches to Cardinal Utility.A. Camacho - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (4):359-379.
  30. On Cardinal Utility.A. Camacho - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):131-145.
  31. Within-Subject Preference Reversals in Description-and Experience-Based Choice.Adrian R. Camilleri & Ben R. Newell - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 449--454.
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  32. Eliciting Beliefs.Robert Chambers & Tigran Melkonyan - 2008 - Theory and Decision 65 (4):271-284.
    We develop an algorithm that can be used to approximate a decisionmaker’s beliefs for a class of preference structures that includes, among others, α-maximin expected utility preferences, Choquet expected utility preferences, and, more generally, constant additive preferences. For both exact and statistical approximation, we demonstrate convergence in an appropriate sense to the true belief structure.
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  33. Subjective Probabilities Need Not Be Sharp.Jake Chandler - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (6):1273-1286.
    It is well known that classical, aka ‘sharp’, Bayesian decision theory, which models belief states as single probability functions, faces a number of serious difficulties with respect to its handling of agnosticism. These difficulties have led to the increasing popularity of so-called ‘imprecise’ models of decision-making, which represent belief states as sets of probability functions. In a recent paper, however, Adam Elga has argued in favour of a putative normative principle of sequential choice that he claims to be borne out (...)
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  34. Revealed Preference and Linear Utility.Stephen A. Clark - 1993 - Theory and Decision 34 (1):21-45.
  35. Components of Risk in Decision Making: Probability and Variance Preferences.C. H. Coombs & D. G. Pruitt - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (5):265.
  36. Decision-Theoretic Contraction and Sequential Change.Horacio Arlo Costa - 2006 - In Erik J. Olsson (ed.), Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on the Pragmatism of Isaac Levi. Cambridge University Press.
  37. Adaptive Utility.Richard M. Cyert & Morris H. DeGroot - 1979 - In Maurice Allais & Ole Hagen (eds.), Expected Utility Hypotheses and the Allais Paradox. D. Reidel. pp. 223--241.
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  38. What Independent Random Utility Representations Are Equivalent to the IIA Assumption?John K. Dagsvik - forthcoming - Theory and Decision.
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  39. An Experimental Analysis of Risk Taking.Olof Dahlbäck - 1990 - Theory and Decision 29 (3):183-202.
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  40. 14 God's Utility Function.Richard Dawkins - 1999 - In Eleonore Stump & Michael J. Murray (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. Blackwell. pp. 6--109.
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  41. Utility Maximizers and Cooperative Undertakings.Eric Dayton - 1979 - Ethics 90 (1):130-141.
  42. The Utility Function and the Emotional Well-Being Function.Jose Daza - 2004 - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 9 (2):22-29.
    Behind the utility function, which is the basis for economic and finance theory, is a philosophical and ethical approach based essentially on the Utilitarian and Hedonistic schools. Once qualitative, the utility function’s approach shifted to a quantitative one based on the work of the mathematician, D. Bernoulli. This quantitative approach is normative and based on a maximizing agent. In this paper, the “emotional well-being” function is developed which mixes the ethics of a rational economic individual with those of a more (...)
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  43. Changes in Utility as Information.Morris H. Degroot - 1984 - Theory and Decision 17 (3):287-303.
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  44. Ordering Pairwise Comparison Structures.R. Delver, H. Monsuur & A. J. A. Storcken - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (1):75-94.
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  45. Echelons in Incomplete Relations.Robert Delver & Herman Monsuur - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (3):279-292.
    An efficient method of value assessment of a set of exchangeable alternatives A = a1,a2, ? ,an is presented. It particularly applies to situations where certain preferences may be easily evaluated or are already known, while other binary comparisons may not at once be available. Further applications are to ranking partial tournaments and the emergence and the characterisation of organisational hierarchy. By sequentially performing transitively efficient assessments of uncompared pairs, an initial weakly acyclical preference structure in A is transformed into (...)
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  46. Mean Utility Preserving Increases in Risk for State Dependent Utility Functions.Michel Demers - 1987 - Theory and Decision 23 (2):113-128.
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  47. How to Reach Legitimate Decisions When the Procedure is Controversial.Franz Dietrich - unknown
    Imagine a group that faces a decision problem but does not agree on which decision procedure is appropriate. In that case, can a decision be reached that respects the procedural concerns of the group? There is a sense in which legitimate decisions are possible even if people disagree on which procedure to use. I propose to decide in favour of an option which maximizes the number of persons whose judged-right procedure happens to entail this decision given the profile. This decision (...)
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  48. Dynamic Consistency in Extensive Form Decision Problems.Nicola Dimitri - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (4):345-354.
    In a stimulating paper, Piccione and Rubinstein (1997) argued how a decision maker could undertake dynamically inconsistent choices when, in an extensive form decision problem, she has a particular type of imperfect recall named absentmindedness. Such memory limitation obtains whenever information sets include decision histories along the same decision path. Starting from work focusing on the absentminded driver example, and independently developed by Segal (2000) and Dimitri (1999), the main theorem of this article provides a general result of dynamically consistent (...)
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  49. Utility From Work and Priority Target Setting Behaviour.S. A. Drakopoulos & I. Theodossiou - 1992 - University of Aberdeen, Department of Economics.
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  50. Pettit on Preference for Prospects and Properties – Discussion.J. Dreier - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 124 (2):199-219.
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