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Summary This category covers the main topics that have been the focus of the free will debate and over which compatibilists and determinists have argued. Topics like determinism and God's foreknowledge have been central to the debate, insofar as they raise parallel (apparent) challenges to our capacity to exercise free will. Moral responsibility is held by many to be at stake in the free will debate and it too been at the focus of attention. Fatalism, especially logical fatalism, is no longer central but there is a rich literature from earlier centuries much of which addressed issues related to those which remain central. Debate over whether free will requires alternative possibilities has always been lively: the advent of Frankfurt-style cases has given this debate new life for the past 4 decades.
Key works For a lively and penetrating selection of recent work on foreknowledge, see Fischer 1989Sobel 1998 is a central text on a range of problems to do with fatalims and determinism. Earman 1993 contains important work on determinism.Debate over alternative possibilities was revitalized by Frankfurt 1969Widerker & McKenna 2003 collects representative papers from among the very many on this increasingly complex debate.
Introductions Zagzebski 2002;Rice 2008; Earman 2004; Fischer 2002
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  1. Eastern Determinism Reconsidered From a Scientific Point of View.Takehisa Abe & Fusako Kobayashi - 2002 - In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic. pp. 485.
  2. Theodicy Without Blame.Marilyn Adams - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (2):215-245.
  3. 10. Theodicy Without Blame.Marilyn Adams - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (2):215-245.
  4. Freedom of Will and Freedom of Action.Rogers Albritton - 2003 - In Gary Watson (ed.), Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association. Oxford University Press. pp. 239-251.
  5. Evolution, Human Behavior, and Determinism.Richard D. Alexander - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:3 - 21.
  6. A Defence of the Status Quo.James Allan - 2003 - In Tom Campbell, Jeffrey Goldsworthy & Adrienne Stone (eds.), Protecting Human Rights: Instruments and Institutions. Oxford University Press.
  7. Reasonable Avoidability, Responsibility and Lifestyle Diseases.Martin Marchman Andersen - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19.
  8. Scientific Essentialism, Could've Done Otherwise, And the Possibility of Freedom.Erik Anderson - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 15:13-20.
    Philosophers concerned with the problem of freedom and determinism differ strikingly over the analysis of the concept of human freedom of the will. Compatibilists and incompatibilists, determinists and indeterminists populate the conceptual landscape with a dizzying array of theories differing in complex and subtle ways. Each of these analyses faces an under-appreciated potential challenge: the challenge from scientific essentialism. Might all traditional analyses of freedom of the will be radically ill-conceived because the concept—the nature of freedom itself—is something discoverable only (...)
  9. Determinism and Ethics.John Anderson - 1928 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 6 (4):241-255.
  10. The Moral Responsibility of Peacekeeping.Topolski Anya - forthcoming - Philosophica.
  11. Determinismo E Complessitáa.F. T. Arecchi - 2000
  12. Freedom and Determinism in Indian Thought.J. P. Atreya - 1974 - Proceedings of the XVth World Congress of Philosophy 4:289-291.
  13. Practical Reasoning.Robert Audi - 1989 - Routledge.
    Practical Reasoning and Ethical Decision presents an account of practical reasoning as a process that can explain action, connect reasoning with intention, ...
  14. Car Toi, Tu as Agi' -'For You Are the One Who Acted.Pierre Auffret - 1990 - Bijdragen 51 (2):118-138.
  15. The Secret Future of Evil Past.M. Babik - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (6):802-807.
  16. Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism Tout Court.Bernard Baertschi & Alexandre Mauron - 2011 - In Judy Illes & Barbara J. Sahakian (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 151.
    This article analyses neuronal determinism and mentions that at first sight it appears to be a type of qualified determinism. Neurodeterminism is better conceived as determinism tout court when it is applied to human beings. It differs importantly from genetic determinism, together the two views that are often regarded as similar in form if not in content. Moreover, the article examines the question of genetic determinism, because it is a paradigm of qualified determinism. It then explains the meaning of determinism (...)
  17. One World or Many? Poppoer's Three World Theory and the Problem of Scientific Determinism.Brian Baigrie - unknown - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 3.
  18. Divine Foreknowledge – so What?Deane-Peter Baker - 2005 - Heythrop Journal 46 (1):60–65.
  19. Tilman Krischer: Das Problem der trilogischen Komposition und die dramaturgische Entwicklung der attischen Tragödie. (Frankfurt diss.) Pp. 125. Frankfurt: privately printed, 1960 (obtainable from Buchhandlung am Goethehaus, Am Salzhaus 3, Frankfurt a. M.). Paper, DM. 5. [REVIEW]H. C. Baldry - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (01):110-.
  20. Persons the Strawsonian Tradition.Seth Barber - 1995
  21. Determinism and Avoidability in Sociohistorical Analysis.Harry H. Bash - 1964 - Ethics 74 (3):186-200.
  22. Put Up or Shut Up? A Reply to Peggy DesAutels' Defense of Christian Science.Margaret P. Battin - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (3):113-122.
  23. James and the Rationality of Determinism.Robert W. Beard - 1967 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (2):149-156.
  24. Foreknowledge and Predestination.Lawrence C. Becker - 1972 - Mind 81 (321):138-141.
  25. The Way of the Agent.Nuel Belnap & Michael Perloff - 1992 - Studia Logica 51 (3-4):463 - 484.
    The conditional,if an agent did something, then the agent could have done otherwise, is analyzed usingstit theory, which is a logic of seeing to it that based on agents making choices in the context of branching time. The truth of the conditional is found to be a subtle matter that depends on how it is interpreted (e.g., on what otherwise refers to, and on the difference between could and might) and also on whether or not there are busy choosers that (...)
  26. The Status of Determinism.Jonathan Bennett - 1963 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 14 (54):106-119.
  27. The Moral Importance of Free Action.Paul Benson - 1990 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):1-18.
  28. On Causal Inference in Determinism and Indeterminism.Joseph Berkovitz - 2002 - In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic. pp. 237--278.
  29. Justification and Determinism - An Exchange.Mark Bernstein - 1988 - The Monist 71 (3):358-364.
  30. IX. Determinism Defined.Bernard Berofsky - 2015 - In Determinism. Princeton University Press. pp. 268-270.
  31. II. Predictability.Bernard Berofsky - 2015 - In Determinism. Princeton University Press. pp. 28-34.
  32. XI. Determinism and Falsification.Bernard Berofsky - 2015 - In Determinism. Princeton University Press. pp. 282-290.
  33. Determinism and Duty.L. S. Bevington - 1880 - Mind 5 (17):30-45.
  34. Single, Alternate, and Successive Practice in the Acquisition of Two and Three Serial Lists.William L. Bewley, Douglas L. Nelson & W. J. Brogden - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):376.
  35. Determinism and Social Science.Rajeev Bhargava - 1992 - In Jayant Vishnu Narlikar, Indu Banga & Chhanda Gupta (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Perspectives From Natural and Social Sciences. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. pp. 40--151.
  36. Reflections on Economic Determinism.Brand Blanshard - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (7):169-178.
  37. The Case for Determinism.Brand Blanshard - 1958 - In Sidney Hook (ed.), Determinism and Freedom in the Age of Modern Science. Collier-Macmillan. pp. 19--30.
  38. What Never Occurred to Jones: A Comment on the Analysis of Knowledge.B. L. Blose - 1977 - Philosophical Studies 31 (3):205 - 209.
  39. Moral Freedom.Paula Boddington - 1990 - Philosophical Books 31 (2):109-110.
  40. Human and Divine Freedom in the Theology of Bernard of Clairvaux: A Systematic Analysis.Nico Den Bok - 1993 - Bijdragen 54 (3):271-295.
  41. Keys of Gnosis.Robert Bolton - 2004 - Sophia Perennis.
    The nature of the real self -- Whole person and duality -- How nature is dual -- Real self and false self -- A primary certainty -- Certainty in the self -- The original cogito argument -- Overcoming representation -- The theory of right and wrong -- The defining principle -- Narrowing the definition -- The centrality of reason -- A question of proof -- Reason and intelligence -- A universal activity -- Human and animal consciousness -- Anti-spiritual assumptions -- (...)
  42. Determinism, Laws, and Predictability in Principle.Richard Boyd - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):431-450.
    This paper examines commonly offered arguments to show that human behavior is not deterministic because it is not predictable. These arguments turn out to rest on the assumption that deterministic systems must be governed by deterministic laws, and that these give rise to predictability "in principle" of determined events. A positive account of determinism is advanced and it is shown that neither of these assumptions is true. The relation between determinism, laws, and prediction in practice is discussed as a question (...)
  43. In Defence of Free Will, with Other Philosophical Essays. [REVIEW]M. C. Bradley - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (11):341-350.
  44. Determinism or Indeterminism in Microphysics.R. D. Bradley - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (51):193-215.
  45. Blameworthiness and Obligation.R. B. Brandt - 1958 - In A. I. Melden (ed.), Essays in Moral Philosophy. University of Washington Press.
  46. Freedom, Infallibility and the Fixity of the Past.Dale Eric Brant - 1996 - Dissertation, University of California, Irvine
    A study of the medieval foreknowledge problem: an apparent conflict between God's universal infallibility and human freedom. To say that God is universally infallible is to say that for every proposition, God's believing that proposition implies that it is true. Let's say that the belief implies its object. So God's belief yesterday that Jones will murder her neighbor today implies that she will murder him. Furthermore, the past is fixed, rendering propositions about the past true or false is impossible, so (...)
  47. 7. Through the Free-Standing Studies and Their Aggregation in a Grand Program, Analytical Political Philosophy Can Deal with Evil.Braybrooke David - 2006 - In David Braybrooke (ed.), Analytical Political Philosophy: From Discourse, Edification. University of Toronto Press. pp. 149-172.
  48. Determinism in Modern Science.Percy W. Bridgman - 1958 - In Sidney Hook (ed.), Determinism and Freedom in the Age of Modern Science. Collier-Macmillan. pp. 75--94.
  49. The Philosophical Implications of Foreknowledge.C. D. Broad - 1937 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 16 (1):177 - 209.
  50. From Necessity to Fate: A Fallacy. [REVIEW]Sarah Broadie - 2001 - Journal of Ethics 5 (1):21-37.
    Though clearly fallacious, the inference from determinism to fatalism (the ``Lazy Argument'''') has appealed to such minds as Aristotle and his disciple, Alexander of Aphrodisias. It is argued here (1) that determinism does entail a rather similar position, dubbed ``futilism''''; and (2) that distinctively Aristotelian determinism entails fatalism for any event to which it applies. The concept of ``fate'''' is examined along the way.
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