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1 — 50 / 316
  1. added 2020-06-22
    Intelligence Ethics and Non-Coercive Interrogation.Michael Skerker - 2007 - Defense Intelligence Journal 16 (1):61-76.
    This paper will address the moral implications of non-coercive interrogations in intelligence contexts. U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals define non-coercive interrogation as interrogation which avoids the use of physical pressure, relying instead on oral gambits. These methods, including some that involve deceit and emotional manipulation, would be mostly familiar to viewers of TV police dramas. As I see it, there are two questions that need be answered relevant to this subject. First, under what circumstances, if any, may a state (...)
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  2. added 2020-06-17
    What Can Be Asked of Interrogators?”.Michael Skerker - 2020 - In Interrogation and Torture: Efficacy, Morality, and Law. Oxford, UK:
    The article assesses different models of professional ethics and develops a model which sees professional imperatives as the institutionally-guided expression of foundational moral principles. This article uses the model to assess the moral pressures placed on interrogators in undercover operations in which a detective poses as a suspect in pre-arraignment holding. While highly effective, the level of empathetic rapport required risks incurring compassion fatigue and burn out on the part of detectives.
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  3. added 2020-05-23
    Distributed agency, responsibility and preventing grave wrongs.Danielle Celermajer - 2020 - Contemporary Political Theory 19 (2):188-210.
    Despite the theoretical uptake of ontological schemas that do not tie agency uniquely to individual humans, these new ontological geographies have had little penetration when it comes to designing institutions to prevent grave wrongs. Moreover, our persistent intuitions tie agency and responsibility to individuals within a figuration of blame. This article seeks to connect new materialist and actor network theories with the design of institutions that seek to prevent torture. It argues that although research into the causes and conditions of (...)
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  4. added 2020-05-23
    Particular Reasoning Versus Universal Human Rights: A Case of China.Wu Jingjing - unknown
    In this paper, I argue that there is objectivity in the international human rights law, against which the justifiability of arguments can be determined and the universality vs. relativity of human rights debate could be taken a step further. I propose an optimising approach for treaty interpretation, point out that there is epistemic objectivity residing in this approach, and analyse China’s relativism arguments on Article 1 of the Convention against Torture to elaborate above points.
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  5. added 2020-05-18
    Taking Seriously Victims of Unethical Experiments: Susan Brison's Conception of the Self and Its Rel.Carol Quinn - 2000 - Journal of Social Philosophy 31 (3):316-325.
  6. added 2020-05-15
    Prison as a Torturous Institution.Jessica Wolfendale - 2020 - Res Philosophica 97 (2):297-324.
    Prison as a Torturous Institution -/- Philosophers working on torture have largely failed to address the widespread use of torture in the U.S. prison system. Drawing on a victim-focused definition of torture, I argue that the U.S. prison system is a torturous institution in which direct torture occurs (the use of solitary confinement) and in which torture is allowed to occur through the toleration of sexual assault of inmates and the conditions of mass incarceration. The use and toleration of torture (...)
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  7. added 2020-05-07
    The prevention of torture: An ecological approach.Romand Coles - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-4.
  8. added 2020-03-24
    Extremely Harsh Treatment.Stephen Kershnar - 2011 - Reason Papers 33:60-81.
    Extremely harsh treatment (for example, unanesthetized tooth, branding with a hot iron, violent shaking, repeated beatings, and car-battery shocks to the genitalia) is often considered unjust. On different accounts, extremely harsh treatment fails to respect persons because it infringes on an absolute right, fails to respect a person’s dignity, constitutes cruel or inhumane treatment, violates rules that rational persons would choose under fair and equal choosing conditions, or results in a person losing his agency to another. Others respond that in (...)
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  9. added 2020-03-24
    Sex, Discrimination, and Violence: Surprising and Unpopular Results in Applied Ethics.Stephen Kershnar - 2009 - Upa.
    This book is about how the systematic application of some basic principles of applied ethics yields some surprising and very unpopular results. In particular, Kershnar investigate three areas: sex, discrimination, and violence. The book argues that the following are some permissible in theory and practice. (1) Adult-child sex (2) Watching rape-pornography (3) State universities discriminating against women (4) The U.S. denying welfare to immigrants (5) Interrogational torture (6) Assassination In addition, the book argues that different races likely have different per (...)
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  10. added 2020-03-24
    The Justification of Deserved Punishment Via General Moral Principles.Stephen Kershnar - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (4):461-484.
    If the ground of punishment is a culpable wronging, what is it about a culpable wrongdoing that allows it to morally justify deserved punishment? In particular, we want to know what it is about a culpable wrongdoing that accounts for the intrinsic value of punitive desert or the punitive-desert-related duties that comprise retributivism. I analyze both together in the context of seeking a justification for The Principle of Deserved Punishment, (1). (1) The Principle of Deserved Punishment. A person deserves punishment (...)
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  11. added 2020-01-06
    Individual Complicity: The Tortured Patient.Chiara Lepora - 2013 - In Chiara Lepora & Robert Goodin (eds.), On complicity and compromise. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Medical complicity in torture is prohibited by international law and codes of professional ethics. But in the many countries in which torture is common, doctors frequently are expected to assist unethical acts that they are unable to prevent. Sometimes these doctors face a dilemma: they are asked to provide diagnoses or treatments that respond to genuine health needs but that also make further torture more likely or more effective. The duty to avoid complicity in torture then comes into conflict with (...)
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  12. added 2019-09-17
    The Making of a Torturer.Jessica Wolfendale - 2019 - In Suzanne C. Knittel & Zachary J. Goldberg (eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Perpetrator Studies.
    Liberal democracies who perpetrate torture represent an apparent paradox: a flagrant violation of human rights by states supposedly dedicated to protecting human rights. In liberal democracies, the political, social, and legal narratives used to justify torture portray torture as an individual act motivated by important moral values. This individualized torture narrative then shapes the moral framework through which the public, policy-makers, and individual torturers view torture, and masks the institutional nature of torture perpetration. It is this interaction between an individualized (...)
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  13. added 2019-08-25
    Would Legalizing Torture Result in Too Many Cases of Torture? Rare Counterexamples.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    The economist David K. Levine claims that if a government of a country makes torture legal, the inevitable result will be torture that is out of control. I point out an inconsistency in his approach to torture. I then argue that we should be open to rare counterexamples to his claim and describe a kind of counterexample.
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Is Corporal Punishment Torturous?Patrick Lenta - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):74-88.
    The aim of this article is to determine whether fixed courses of judicial corporal punishment and non-abusive corporal punishment of children amount to torture. I assess the reasons that have been offered for distinguishing fixed courses of JCP from torture and argue that none is successful. I argue that non-consensual JCP that inflicts severe pain is appropriately classifiable as torture, but that JCP that inflicts mild pain and entirely consensual JCP are not torturous. I consider whether any of the reasons (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    In Defense of a Principled Absolutism Against Torture: A Reply to Allhoff’s Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, And Torture.J. Jeremy Wisnewski - 2013 - Philosophy Today 57 (1):114-120.
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    "Torture Lite": A Response.David Sussman - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (1):63-67.
    A morally significant distinction between full torture and torture lite, says Sussman, would attend to the role that fear and hope play in the experience. Full torture would thus be treatment that aims to make its victim feel absolutely vulnerable and utterly powerless.
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    Torture and the "Distributive Justice" Theory of Self-Defense: An Assessment.Whitley Kaufman - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):93–115.
    The goal of this feature is to demonstrate that distributive justice is a flawed theory of self-defense and must be rejected, thus undercutting the argument that torture can be justified as self-defense.
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    It’s About Time: Defusing the Ticking Bomb Argument.J. Jeremy Wisnewski - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):103-116.
    The most common argument in favor of torture in the current literature is the ticking bomb argument. It asks us to imagine a case where only torture can prevent the detonation of a bomb that will kill millions. In this paper, I argue that the seeming effectiveness of this argument rests on two things: 1) the underdetermined semantic content of the term ‘torture,’ and 2) a philosophical attitude that regards the empirical facts about torture as irrelevant. Once we pay attention (...)
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Torture Is The Ticking Time Bomb: Why The Necessity Defense Fails.George Hunsinger - 2008 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 17 (2):2-21.
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Torture — The Case for Dirty Harry and Against Alan Dershowitz.Uwe Steinhoff - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):337-353.
    abstract Can torture be morally justified? I shall criticise arguments that have been adduced against torture and demonstrate that torture can be justified more easily than most philosophers dealing with the question are prepared to admit. It can be justified not only in ticking nuclear bomb cases but also in less spectacular ticking bomb cases and even in the so‐called Dirty Harry cases. There is no morally relevant difference between self‐defensive killing of a culpable aggressor and torturing someone who is (...)
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    A Critique of Exceptions: Torture, Terrorism, and the Lesser Evil Argument.Andrew Fiala - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (1):127-142.
    There are good reasons to beware of arguments that allow for exceptions to principles about the proper limit of violence. Justifications of such exceptions occur in recent discussions of torture and terrorism. One of the reasons to be skeptical of these arguments is that when political agents make exceptions to moral principles, these exceptions can become precedents that serve to normalize immoral behavior. This aspect of political reality is ignored in contemporary attempts to justify torture and terrorism. The present paper (...)
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Torture and Photography: Abu Ghraib.Andrew J. Mitchell - 2005 - Radical Philosophy Review 8 (1):1-27.
    "Torture and Photography: Abu Ghraib" attempts to think the mutual relationships between torture and photography, addressingissues of objectivity, publicity, and distance. In a world where bodies have been divested of human rights, the objectification of the camera seems the perfect complement. Exploring the "prophylactic" character of film, the author proposes human "touch" as always in excess of this objectified state of affairs. Along with memoranda from the Bush administration on the issues of detainee rights and the role of torture in (...)
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    Exploring Extreme Violence.Tibor R. Machan - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):92-97.
  24. added 2019-06-06
    Surveillance and Torture: Foucault and Orwell on the Methods of Discipline.Roger Paden - 1984 - Social Theory and Practice 10 (3):261-271.
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  25. added 2019-06-05
    Book ReviewsKaren J. Greenberg,, and Joshua Dratel,. The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. 1248. £27.50. [REVIEW]Binoy Kampmark - 2006 - Ethics 116 (2):421-425.
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  26. added 2019-03-01
    Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis by Fritz Allhoff: Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012, Pp. Xii + 266, £22.50/Us$35. [REVIEW]John Kleinig - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):407-409.
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  27. added 2019-01-08
    Uncertainty and Control.Sven Ove Hansson - 2017 - Diametros 53:50-59.
    In a decision making context, an agent’s uncertainty can be either epistemic, i.e. due to her lack of knowledge, or agentive, i.e. due to her not having made use of her decision-making power. In cases when it is unclear whether or not a decision maker presently has control over her own future actions, it is difficult to determine whether her uncertainty is epistemic or agentive. Such situations are often difficult for the agent to deal with, but from an outsider’s perspective, (...)
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  28. added 2018-12-13
    Clinical Care and Complicity with Torture.Zackary Berger, Leonard Rubenstein & Matt Decamp - 2018 - British Medical Journal 360:k449.
    The UN Convention against Torture defines torture as “any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person” by someone acting in an official capacity for purposes such as obtaining a confession or punishing or intimidating that person.1 It is unethical for healthcare professionals to participate in torture, including any use of medical knowledge or skill to facilitate torture or allow it to continue, or to be present during torture.2-7 Yet medical participation (...)
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  29. added 2018-08-17
    An Empirical Critique of Interrogational Torture.Richard Matthews - 2012 - Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (4):457-470.
    The paper describes the consequences of the failure of defences of torture to engage with interdisciplinary empirical literature on torture. It argues that the validity of existing defences of torture can only be asserted in the absence of consideration of the nature of torture and its actual impacts.
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  30. added 2018-08-17
    The Absolute Violation: Why Torture Must Be Prohibited.Richard S. Matthews - 2008 - Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press.
    The book is a multi-disciplinary philosophical exploration of the nature and ethics of torture. it offers a defence of the unconditional prohibition of torture.
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  31. added 2018-08-17
    The Ticking Time Bomb Case for Torture.Bernard G. Prusak - 2007 - Social Philosophy Today 23:201-209.
    I make two arguments in this paper. First, I argue briefly that the ticking time bomb case is unrealistic and as such is liable to mislead us badly on the ground. Second, after conceding that the conditions of the ticking time bomb case might someday be realized, I argue that it may in fact be morally permissible to torture a terrorist in this case on the grounds of self-defense. My reason for making this argument is that rejecting torture in even (...)
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  32. added 2018-04-19
    Nepomuceno, Eric. A Memória de Todos Nós. [REVIEW]César Schirmer Dos Santos - 2017 - Peri 9 (1):262-266.
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  33. added 2018-03-21
    Empathy and Interrogation.Mavis Biss - 2014 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (2):277-288.
    Against the background of not-so-distant debate regarding “enhanced” interrogation techniques used by the United States during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, which many understand to be torture, this essay explores the moral complexities of “ordinary” interrogation practices, those that are clearly not forms of torture. Based on analysis of the written reflections of two United States interrogators on the work they did during the Iraq war, I categorize the roles played by multiple modes of empathy within interrogation and argue (...)
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  34. added 2018-03-05
    Etyka wojny. Antologia.Tomasz Żuradzki & Tomasz Kuniński (eds.) - 2009 - Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
    Antologia tekstów poświęconych etycznym aspektom agresji i przemocy stosowanej przez państwo. Obejmuje teksty najwybitniejszych naukowców z dziedziny etyki praktycznej i filozofii politycznej.
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  35. added 2018-02-16
    The Myth of" Torture Lite".Jessica Wolfendale - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (1):47-61.
    Although the term "torture lite" is frequently used to distinguish between physically mutilating torture and certain interrogation methods that are supposedly less severe, the distinction is not recognized in international law.
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  36. added 2018-02-04
    Musical Worlds and the Extended Mind.Joel Krueger - 2018 - Proceedings of A Body of Knowledge - Embodied Cognition and the Arts Conference CTSA UCI, 8-10 Dec 2016.
    “4E” approaches in cognitive science see mind as embodied, embedded, enacted, and extended. They observe that we routinely “offload” part of our thinking onto body and world. Recently, 4E theorists have turned to music cognition: from work on music perception and musical emotions, to improvisation and music education. I continue this trend. I argue that music — like other tools and technologies — is a beyond-the-head resource that affords offloading. And via this offloading, music can (at least potentially) scaffold various (...)
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  37. added 2017-06-30
    Saubere Folter: Auf den Spuren unsichtbarer Gewalt.Carola Hilbrand - 2015 - Bielefeld: Transcript.
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  38. added 2017-06-30
    Inszenierte Bedrohung: Folter im US-amerikanischen Kriegsfilm 1979-2009.Maja Bächler - 2012 - Frankfurt/New York: Campus.
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  39. added 2017-04-13
    Putting the War Back in Just War Theory: A Critique of Examples.Rigstad Mark - 2017 - Ethical Perspectives 24 (1):123-144.
    Analytic just war theorists often attempt to construct ideal theories of military justice on the basis of intuitions about imaginary and sometimes outlandish examples, often taken from non-military contexts. This article argues for a sharp curtailment of this method and defends, instead, an empirically and historically informed approach to the ethical scrutiny of armed conflicts. After critically reviewing general philosophical reasons for being sceptical of the moral-theoretic value of imaginary hypotheticals, the article turns to some of the special problems that (...)
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  40. added 2017-02-09
    The Logic of Torture.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):349-374.
  41. added 2017-02-08
    If You're Intending to Bomb a Country, You Don't Announce It for Three Years.Noam Chomsky - unknown
    Today, his hour is normally forty minutes long. Sometimes even, only thirty. It's perfectly enough. In his soft, gravelly voice he is able to tell twice as much as most others would about neoliberals, neoconservatives, the European extreme right and world crises centers, and in a from that can be transcribed and translated virtually verbatim. Without pausing a single time for more than a moment or two in search for the right word.
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  42. added 2017-02-07
    Private Wisdom and Public Practice: Formation and Governance in the Medical Profession in the United Kingdom.Al Dowie & Anthea Martin - 2009 - Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (2):145-157.
    In 2006, the Chief Medical Officer for England published the report Good Doctors, Safer Patients in a call for strengthened regulation of the medical profession. The changing relationship between patients and doctors in the United Kingdom arises from the interplay between societal expectation and clinical governance, personal formation and professional practice, private being and public doing. The wisdom of professional practice is in the habits of professionals, a practical wisdom that is the reflex of professional identity. Socialization into a profession (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-07
    Should Blackmail Be Banned?David Owens - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (246):501 - 514.
    There is no right to blackmail. So says the law and so say most moral observers. A few libertarian voices have been raised in defence of blackmail but such a defence is liable to be treated as a reductio of the defender's own free market philosophy. However, it is surprisingly difficult to say just what is wrong with blackmail.
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  44. added 2017-01-27
    Torture and the Ticking Bomb.Bob Brecher - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This timely and passionate book is the first to address itself to Harvard Law Professor Alan Dershowitz’s controversial arguments for the limited use of interrogational torture and its legalisation. Argues that the respectability Dershowitz's arguments confer on the view that torture is a legitimate weapon in the war on terror needs urgently to be countered Takes on the advocates of torture on their own utilitarian grounds Timely and passionately written, in an accessible, jargon-free style Forms part of the provocative and (...)
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  45. added 2017-01-26
    Book ReviewsAllhoff, Fritz. Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis.Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. Pp. Xii+266. $35.00. [REVIEW]Philip Devine - 2013 - Ethics 123 (2):346-349.
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  46. added 2017-01-25
    Legalizing Defensive Torture.U. B. Steinhoff - 2012 - Public Affairs Quarterly 26 (1):19-32.
    Since people have a right even to kill a culpable aggressor if, in the circumstances, this is a proportionate and necessary means of self–defense against an imminent or ongoing attack, and since most forms of torture are not as bad as killing, people must also have a right to torture a culpable aggressor if this, too, in the circumstances, is a proportionate and necessary means of self–defense against an imminent or ongoing attack.But can torture really ever be a form of (...)
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  47. added 2017-01-25
    In Defense of the Absolute Prohibition of Torture.Jamie Mayerfeld - 2008 - Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (2):109-128.
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  48. added 2017-01-25
    The Tortured, Not the Torturers, Are Ashamed.David Shapiro - 2003 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 70 (4):1131-1148.
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  49. added 2017-01-25
    On Torture, or Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment.Talal Asad - 1996 - Social Research 63.
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  50. added 2017-01-24
    Michael L. Gross, Moral Dilemmas of Modern War: Torture, Assassination, and Blackmail in an Age of Asymmetric Conflict.Daniel Statman - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):467-469.
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1 — 50 / 316