Trust

Edited by Edward Hinchman (University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee)
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706 found
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  1. Building Peace in Fragile States — Building Trust is Essential for Effective Public-Private Partnerships.Igor Abramov - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):481 - 494.
    Increasingly, the private sector is playing a greater role in supporting peace building efforts in conflict and post-conflict areas by providing critical expertise, know-how, and capital. However, reports of the corrupt practices of both governments and businesses have plagued international peace building efforts, deepening the distrust of stricken communities. Businesses are perceived as being selfish and indifferent to the impact their operations may have on the social and political development of local communities. Additionally, the corruption of local governments has been (...)
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  2. Keith Lehrer, Self‐Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy:Self‐Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy.Fred Adams - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):427-429.
  3. Testimony, Trust, Knowing.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.
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  4. Is There a Problem With Cognitive Outsourcing?Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij - 2016 - Philosophical Issues 26 (1):7-24.
    To what extent can we rely on others for information without such reliance becoming epistemically problematic? In this paper, this question is addressed in terms of a specific form of reliance: cognitive outsourcing. Cognitive outsourcing involves handing over (outsourcing) one’s information collection and processing (the cognitive) to others. The specific question that will be asked about such outsourcing is if there is an epistemic problem about cognitive outsourcing as such. To ask if there is an epistemic problem with x for (...)
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  5. Friendship and the Structure of Trust.Mark Alfano - 2016 - In Alberto Masala & Jonathan Webber (eds.), From Personality to Virtue. Oxford University Press. pp. 186-206.
    In this paper, I describe some of what I take to be the more interesting features of friendship, then explore the extent to which other virtues can be reconstructed as sharing those features. I use trustworthiness as my example throughout, but I think that other virtues such as generosity & gratitude, pride & respect, and the producer’s & consumer’s sense of humor can also be analyzed with this model. The aim of the paper is not to demonstrate that all moral (...)
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  6. Trust and Distrust in Institutions and Governance.Mark Alfano, Nicole Huijts & Sabine Roeser - forthcoming - In Judith Simon (ed.), Handbook of Trust and Philosophy. Routledge.
    First, we explain the conception of trustworthiness that we employ. We model trustworthiness as a relation among a trustor, a trustee, and a field of trust defined and delimited by its scope. In addition, both potential trustors and potential trustees are modeled as being more or less reliable in signaling either their willingness to trust or their willingness to prove trustworthy in various fields in relation to various other agents. Second, following Alfano (forthcoming) we argue that the social scale of (...)
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  7. Do Ethics Matter? Tax Compliance and Morality.James Alm & Benno Torgler - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):635-651.
    In this article we argue that puzzle of tax compliance can be explained, at least in part, by recognizing the typically neglected role of ethics in individual behavior; that is, individuals do not always behave as the selfish, rational, self-interested individuals portrayed in the standard neoclassical paradigm, but rather are often motivated by many other factors that have as their main foundation some aspects of “ethics.” We argue that it is not possible to understand fully an individual’s compliance decisions without (...)
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  8. Expertise In Agriculture.Ben Almassi - 2014 - Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics.
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  9. Trust in Expert Testimony: Eddington's 1919 Eclipse Expedition and the British Response to General Relativity.Ben Almassi - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):57-67.
  10. Reasons for Reliance.Facundo M. Alonso - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):311-338.
    Philosophers have in general offered only a partial view of the normative grounds of reliance. Some maintain that either one of evidence or of pragmatic considerations has a normative bearing on reliance, but are silent about whether the other kind of consideration has such a bearing on it as well. Others assert that both kinds of considerations have a normative bearing on reliance, but sidestep the question of what their relative normative bearing is. My aim in this article is to (...)
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  11. What is Reliance?Facundo M. Alonso - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):163-183.
    In this article I attempt to provide a conceptual framework for thinking about reliance in a systematic way. I argue that reliance is a cognitive attitude that has a tighter connection to the guidance of our thought and action than ordinary belief does. My main thesis is that reliance has a ‘constitutive aim’: namely, it aims at guiding our thought and action in a way that is sensible from the standpoint of practical or theoretical ends. This helps explain why reliance (...)
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  12. Shared Intention, Reliance, and Interpersonal Obligations.Facundo M. Alonso - 2009 - Ethics 119 (3):444-475.
    Shared agency is of central importance in our lives in many ways. We enjoy engaging in certain joint activities with others. We also engage in joint activities to achieve complex goals. Current approaches propose that we understand shared agency in terms of the more basic phenomenon of shared intention. However, they have presented two antagonistic views about the nature of this phenomenon. Some have argued that shared intention should be understood as being primarily a structure of attitudes of individual participants (...)
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  13. What Do We Want Trust to Be?Kenneth D. Alpern - 1997 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 16 (1/2/3):29-45.
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  14. Trust as Glue in Nanotechnology Governance Networks.Heidrun Åm - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):115-128.
    This paper reflects on the change of relations among participants in nanotechnology governance through their participation in governance processes such as stakeholder dialogues. I show that policymaking in practice—that is, the practice of coming and working together in such stakeholder dialogues—has the potential for two-fold performative effects: it can contribute to the development of trust and mutual responsibility on the part of the involved actors, and it may bring about effects on the formation of boundaries of what is sayable and (...)
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  15. Trust in Nanotechnology? On Trust as Analytical Tool in Social Research on Emerging Technologies.Trond Grønli Åm - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):15-28.
    Trust has become an important aspect of evaluating the relationship between lay public and technology implementation. Experiences have shown that a focus on trust provides a richer understanding of reasons for backlashes of technology in society than a mere focus of public understanding of risks and science communication. Therefore, trust is also widely used as a key concept for understanding and predicting trust or distrust in emerging technologies. But whereas trust broadens the scope for understanding established technologies with well-defined questions (...)
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  16. Trust in Managers: A Study of Why Swedish Subordinates Trust Their Managers.Jon Aarum Andersen - 2005 - Business Ethics 14 (4):392–404.
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  17. Trust in Managers: A Study of Why Swedish Subordinates Trust Their Managers.Jon Aarum Andersen - 2005 - Business Ethics: A European Review 14 (4):392-404.
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  18. The Importance of Knowledge and Trust in the Definition of Death.R. I. X. Andreassen & Det Etiske Rod - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (3):232–236.
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  19. Self and Other in Trust and Distrust. Judging About Trustworthiness.Gry Ardal - 2010 - In Arne Grøn & Claudia Welz (eds.), Trust, Sociality, Selfhood. Mohr Siebeck.
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  20. Auto-Immunity of Trust Without Trust.Badredine Arfi - 2010 - Journal of International Political Theory 6 (2):188-216.
    Trust has been widely investigated both theoretically and empirically. Whether thought of as the result of a calculation of costs/benefits, a shared identity, or a leap of faith, there always seems to be an ‘as if’ rhetorical gesture which is ultimately needed to explain how actors move from the base of trust to expectations of trust via suspending judgment on uncertainty and fear of vulnerability to betrayal and exploitation – the actors ultimately act ‘as if’ they do not fear uncertainty (...)
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  21. Sharing Out in Alliances: Trust and Ethics. [REVIEW]Antonio Argandoña - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):217 - 228.
    Alliances are relatively new forms of relationships between businesses which allow cooperation in some areas of activity while maintaining competition in others, even in those areas where cooperation is the established procedure. Logically, this demands a mutual trust on the basis of which the cooperation can be established. The nature of this relationship is, furthermore, dynamic inasmuch as it develops over a period of time and generates new conditions which either enhance or destroy trust.This article reviews the general issues of (...)
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  22. Ethical Work Climate as an Antecedent of Trust in Co-Workers.Semra F. Aşcıgil & Aslı B. Parlakgümüş - 2012 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):399-417.
    This study aims to enhance the understanding about the influence of perceived ethical work climate dimensions on employees’ trust in co-workers. The instrument used was Victor and Cullen’s (1988) questionnaire containing five empirically derived types of ethical climate (caring, law and code, rules, instrumentalism, and independence). As hypothesized, the study revealed that the instrumental ethical climate dimension was negatively related, and independent climate was positively related to co-worker trust. Thus, two ethical climate dimensions (independent and instrumental) account for the 22.7 (...)
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  23. The Psychology of Repugnance and the Duty to Trust.Richard Ashcroft - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):51-52.
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  24. Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and Autonomy in Bioethics and Politics.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):359-366.
  25. 14 Deepening the Understanding of Trust: Combining Repertory Grid and Narrative to Explore the Uniqueness of Trust.Melanie J. Ashleigh & Edgar Meyer - 2012 - In Fergus Lyon, Guido Möllering & Mark Saunders (eds.), Handbook of Research Methods on Trust. Edward Elgar. pp. 138.
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  26. Friendship, Trust and Forgiveness.Kim Atkins - 2002 - Philosophia 29 (1-4):111-132.
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  27. Facts and Obligations. By Dorothy Emmet. (Published by Dr. Williams' Trust, London, 1958. Pp. 20. Price 3s. 6d.).R. F. Atkinson - 1959 - Philosophy 34 (130):275-.
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  28. Some Dimensions of Trust in Business Practices: From Financial and Product Representation to Licensure and Voting.Robert Audi - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):97-102.
    This paper is an examination of the role of trust in the previous seven papers in this issue of the Journal. Trust and trustworthiness are briefly characterized; their importance in business itself and in business ethics is briefly described; and each paper is discussed in relation to how trust figures in the ethical issues it raises. The overall discussion brings out the need for further work on the nature of trust and on the elements in business, such as transparency, that (...)
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  29. Competence and Trust Guardians as Key Elements of Building Trust in East-West Joint Ventures in Russia.Angela Ayios - 2003 - Business Ethics 12 (2):190–202.
    This paper summarises the author 's doctoral research on the development of interpersonal/interorganisational trust in relationships between expatriate and Russian staff working in east‐west enterprises in Russia. There is strong evidence from a variety of researchers to suggest that in order for western businesses investing in Russia to succeed, the dif.cult process of building trust needs to be understood and managed since in the Russian business climate western standards and norms of ethical business have not yet been established. According to (...)
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  30. Against the Politics of Fear: On Deliberation, Inclusion and the Political Economy of Trust.A. Azmanova - 2011 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (4):401-412.
    This is an inquiry into the economic psychology of trust: that is, what model of the political economy of complex liberal democracies is conducive to attitudes that allow difference to be perceived in the terms of ‘significant other’, rather than as a menacing or an irrelevant stranger. As a test case of prevailing perceptions of otherness in European societies, I examine attitudes towards Turkey’s accession to the European Union.
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  31. Reflections on How We Live.Annette Baier - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The pioneering moral philosopher Annette Baier presents a series of new and recent essays in ethics, broadly conceived to include both engagements with other philosophers and personal meditations on life. Baier's unique voice and insight illuminate topics ranging from patriotism and future generations to honesty, trust, hope, and friendship.
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  32. The Possibility of Sustaining Trust.Annette Baier - 1994 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 2:245-259.
    It is uncontroversial that betrayal of trust which one has encouraged is a grave moral wrong. One case of this is promise breaking, whose self-evident moral wrongness contractarians must invoke to reduce the whole or the most important part of morality to the keeping of a hypothetical mutual agreement for minimal reciprocal services. Mutual advantage, and the sacredness of commitments or encouraged trust, both lie at the heart of what most moral philosophers take to be the point and content of (...)
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  33. Trust and Antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
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  34. Trust, Suffering, and the Aesculapian Virtues.Annette C. Baier - 2007 - In Rebecca L. Walker & P. J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. Oxford University Press. pp. 136--153.
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  35. Intellectual Trust in Oneself and Others.J. Baker - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (4):586-589.
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  36. Martin Hollis, Trust Within Reason:Trust Within Reason.Judith Baker - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2):418-421.
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  37. Trust and Rationality.Judith Baker - 1987 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (1):1.
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  38. Martin Hollis, Trust Within Reason.Reviewed by Judith Baker - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2).
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  39. The Significance of Unpossessed Evidence.Nathan Ballantyne - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):315-335.
  40. Kafka's Uncle: Scenes From a World of Trust Infected by Suspicion.I. Bamforth - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (2):85-91.
    What happens when we heed a call? Few writers have been as suspicious of their vocation as Franz Kafka (1883–1924). His story, A Country Doctor, (1919) ostensibly about a night visit to a patient that goes badly wrong, suggests a modern writer's journey to the heart of his work. There he discovers that trust, like the tradition which might sustain him, is blighted. This essay also examines Kafka's attitude to illness and the medical profession, and his close relationship with his (...)
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  41. Trust: An Analysis of Maurice Friedman's Image of Existential Trust.William Lloyd Barnard - 1977 - Dissertation, Boston University School of Education
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  42. Meinungsdynamiken in fundamentalistischen Gruppen: Erklärungshypothesen auf der Basis von Simulationsmodellen.Michael Baurmann - 2014 - Analyse & Kritik 36 (1):61-102.
    If we want to understand how fundamentalist group ideologies are established, we have to comprehend the social processes which form the basis of the emergence and distribution of such beliefs. In our paper we present an innovative approach to examining these processes and explaining how they function: with the method of computer-based simulation of opinion formation we develop heuristic explanatory models which help to generate new and interesting hypotheses. The focus is thereby not on individuals and their idiosyncrasies but on (...)
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  43. What Should the Voter Know? Epistemic Trust in Democracy.Michael Baurmann & Geoffrey Brennan - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):159-186.
    Alvin Goldman develops the concept of “core voter knowledge” to capture the kind of knowledge that voters need to have in order that democracy function successfully. As democracy is supposed to promote the people's goals, core voter knowledge must, according to Goldman, first and foremost answer the question which electoral candidate would successfully perform in achieving that voter's ends. In our paper we challenge this concept of core voter knowledge from different angles. We analyse the dimensions of political trustworthiness and (...)
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  44. Vertrauen, Kooperation Und Große Zahlen.Michael Baurmann & Bernd Lahno - 2001 - In Rainer Schmalz-Bruns (ed.), Politisches Vertrauen. Nomos Verlag. pp. 191-220.
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  45. Trust and Community on the Internet.Michael Baurmann, Bernd Lahno, Uwe Matzat & Anton Leist (eds.) - 2004 - Lucius & Lucius (Analyse und Kritik 26(1).
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  46. Fiducia E Sicurezza: Un Confronto Plurisciplinare.Paolo Becchi & Lorenzo Scillitani (eds.) - 2012 - Rubbettino.
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  47. Social Trust and Human Communities. [REVIEW]Lawrence C. Becker - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (01):173-.
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  48. Trust as Noncognitive Security About Motives.Lawrence C. Becker - 1996 - Ethics 107 (1):43-61.
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  49. Der Trust Im Chinesischen Rechtthe Trust in Chinese Law. A Presentation of the 2001 Chinese Trust Statute Against the Backdrop of English Trust Law and the Law of Fiduciary Trust in Germany: Eine Darstellung des Chinesischen Trustgesetzes von 2001 Vor Dem Hintergrund des Englischen Trustrechts Und des Rechts der Fiduziarischen Treuhand in Deutschland. [REVIEW]Behnes Raimund - unknown
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  50. Trust Deterioration in an International Buyer-Supplier Relationship.Geoffrey G. Bell, Robert J. Oppenheimer & Andre Bastien - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 36 (1-2):65 - 78.
    Despite an abundance of research on inter-organizational trust, researchers are only beginning to understand the process of trust deterioration as an inter-organizational phenomenon. This paper presents a case study examining the deteriorating relationship between two international high-tech firms. We surveyed respondents from the supplier firm to identify major elements that reduced the supplier's trust in its customer, using the dimensions of trust identified by Mayer et al. (1995). While violations of ability, integrity, and benevolence all contributed to trust reduction, early (...)
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