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  1. The Mesencephalon as a Source of Preattentive Consciousness.Francisco Aboitiz, Javier López-Calderón & Vladimir López - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):81-82.
    By themselves, mesencephalic subcortical mechanisms provide a preattentive kind of consciousness, related to stimulus-related, short-latency dopamine release triggered by collicular input. Elaborate forms of consciousness, containing identifiable objects (visual, auditory, tactile, or chemical), imply longer-lasting phenomena that depend on the activation of prosencephalic networks. Nevertheless, the maintenance of these higher-level networks strongly depends on long-lasting mesencephalic dopamine release. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  2. The Influence of Experimentally Induced Failure on the Retention of Material Acquired Through Set and Incidental Learning.Murray Aborn - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):225.
  3. Production, Estimation, and Reproduction of Time Intervals During Inhalation of a General Anesthetic in Man.Nilly Adam, Angelina D. Castro & Donald L. Clark - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):609.
  4. A Closed-Loop Theory of Paired-Associate Verbal Learning.Jack A. Adams & Norman W. Bray - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):385-405.
  5. Response Feedback and Verbal Retention.Jack A. Adams, John S. McIntyre & Howard I. Thorsheim - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):290.
  6. Dispositional Mental States: Chomsky and Freud.Laird Addis - 1988 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 19 (1):1-17.
    Chomsky behauptet, daß das Bewußtsein die Struktur eines grammatischen Übersetzungsapparates hat, Freud dagegen betrachtet es als einen unbewußten Geisteszustand. Es wird gezeigt, wie sich diese Theorien innerhalb einer Metaphysik des Bewußtseins vereinbaren lassen, die nur bewußte Geisteszustände als grundlegend, Sinneswahrnehmungen, Bilder, Emotionen und dergleichen als sekundär, und veranlagungsbedingte Geisteszustände als tertiär bezeichnet. Hervorzuheben wäre, daß grammatische Übersetzungsapparate und unbewußte Geisteszustände, wie alle menschlichen Veranlagungen, als Eigenheiten des Körpers, welcher gewissen Gesetzen und Prinzipien unterliegt, zu analysieren sind.
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  7. Communication, Cognition,... And the Unconscious.M. Adriaensen & Gertrudis Van de Vijver - 1992 - Communication and Cognition: Monographies 25.
  8. Thanks for the Memories: Extending the Hippocampal-Diencephalic Mnemonic System.John P. Aggleton & Malcolm W. Brown - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):471-479.
    The goal of our target article was to review a number of emerging facts about the effects of limbic damage on memory in humans and animals, and about divisions within recognition memory in humans. We then argued that this information can be synthesized to produce a new view of the substrates of episodic memory. The key pathway in this system is from the hippocampus to the anterior thalamic nuclei. There seems to be a general agreement that the importance of this (...)
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  9. Individual Differences in Metacontrast Masking Are Enhanced by Perceptual Learning.Thorsten Albrecht, Susan Klapötke & Uwe Mattler - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):656-666.
    In vision research metacontrast masking is a widely used technique to reduce the visibility of a stimulus. Typically, studies attempt to reveal general principles that apply to a large majority of participants and tend to omit possible individual differences. The neural plasticity of the visual system, however, entails the potential capability for individual differences in the way observers perform perceptual tasks. We report a case of perceptual learning in a metacontrast masking task that leads to the enhancement of two types (...)
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  10. Slippery Platform: The Role of Automatic and Intentional Processes in Testing the Effect of Notation.Daniel Algom - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):328-329.
    The type of processing of numerical dimensions varies greatly and is governed by context. Considering this flexibility in tandem with a fuzzy demarcation line between automatic and intentional processes, it is suggested that testing the effect of notation should not be confined to automatic processing, in particular to passive viewing. Recent behavioral data satisfying the authors' stipulations reveal a considerable, though perhaps not exclusive, core of common abstract processing.
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  11. PET Imaging of Conscious and Unconscious Verbal Memory.M. T. Alkire, R. J. Haier, J. H. Fallon & S. J. Barker - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6):448-62.
    One method for investigating the neurobiology of consciousness is to experimentally manipulate consciousness as a variable and then visualize the resultant functional brain changes with advanced imaging techniques. To begin investigation into this area, healthy volunteers underwent positron emission tomography scanning while listening to randomized word lists in both conscious and unconscious conditions. Following anaesthesia, subjects had no explicit memories. Nonetheless, subjects demonstrated implicit memory on a forced-choice test . These subsequent memory scores were correlated with regional brain metabolism measured (...)
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  12. Verbal and Motor Responses to Seven Symbolic Visual Codes: A Study in S-R Compatibility.Earl A. Alluisi & Paul F. Muller Jr - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):247.
  13. An Information Analysis of Verbal and Motor Responses in a Forced-Paced Serial Task.Earl A. Alluisi, Paul F. Muller Jr & Paul M. Fitts - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (3):153.
  14. The Unconscious Relational Self.Susan M. Andersen, Inga Reznik & Noah S. Glassman - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 421-481.
  15. Sensualism and Unconscious Representations in Nietzsche's Account of Knowledge.R. Lanier Anderson - 2002 - International Studies in Philosophy 34 (3):95-117.
  16. Conscious and Unconscious Processes in Human Desire.Jackie Andrade, Jon May & David Kavanagh - 2009 - Psyche 15 (2).
    Elaborated Intrusion theory distinguishes between unconscious, associative processes as the precursors of desire, and controlled processes of cognitive elaboration that lead to conscious sensory images of the target of desire and associated affect. We argue that the latter play a key role in motivating human behaviour. Consciousness is functional in that it allows competing goals to be compared and evaluated. The role of effortful cognitive processes in desire helps to explain the different time courses of craving and physiological withdrawal.
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  17. Cognitive Performance During Anesthesia.Jackie Andrade, Rajesh Munglani, J. Gareth Jones & Alan D. Baddeley - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (2):148-165.
    This paper explores the changes in cognitive function which occur as someone "loses consciousness" under anesthesia. Seven volunteers attempted a categorization task and a within-list recognition test while inhaling air, 0.2% isoflurane, and 0.4% isoflurane. In general, performance on these tests declined as the dose of anesthetic was increased and returned to baseline after 10 min of breathing air. A measure of auditory evoked responding termed "coherent frequency" showed parallel changes. At 0.2% isoflurane, subjects could still identify and respond to (...)
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  18. A Journey Into Chaos: Creativity and the Unconscious.N. C. Andreasen - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):42.
    The capacity to be creative, to produce new concepts, ideas, inventions, objects or art, is perhaps the most important attribute of the human brain. We know very little, however, about the nature of creativity or its neural basis. Some important questions include how should we define creativity? How is it related (or unrelated) to high intelligence? What psychological processes or environmental circumstance cause creative insights to occur? How is it related to conscious and unconscious processes? What is happening at the (...)
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  19. The Process-Dissociation Approach Two Decades Later: Convergence, Boundary Conditions, and New Directions.Larry L. Jacoby Andrew P. Yonelinas - 2012 - Memory and Cognition 40 (5):663-680.
    The process-dissociation procedure was developed to separate the controlled and automatic contributions of memory. It has spawned the development of a host of new measurement approaches and has been applied across a broad range of fields in the behavioral sciences, ranging from studies of memory and perception to neuroscience and social psychology. Although it has not been without its shortcomings or critics, its growing influence attests to its utility. In the present article, we briefly review the factors motivating its development, (...)
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  20. Dreaming in the Late Morning: Summation of REM and Diurnal Cortical Activation.John Antrobus, Toshiaki Kondo, Ruth Reinsel & George Fein - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (3):275-299.
    Since the discovery that the characteristics of dreaming sleep are far stronger in Stage 1 rapid eye movement sleep than in any other biological state, investigators have attempted to determine the relative responsibility of the tonic versus the phasic properties of REM sleep for the different characteristics of dreaming–features such as the amount of information in the dream report, the brightness and clarity of the visual images, shifts in thematic continuity, and incongruities of image and meaning. The present experiment is (...)
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  21. Does Level of Processing Affect the Transition From Unconscious to Conscious Perception?Anna Anzulewicz, Dariusz Asanowicz, Bert Windey, Borysław Paulewicz, Michał Wierzchoń & Axel Cleeremans - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:1-11.
  22. The Unconscious in Ericksonian Hypnotherapy.Daniel L. Araoz - 2001 - Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis 22 (2):78-92.
  23. Organizing the Brain's Diversities.Michael A. Arbib & Peter Érdi - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):551-565.
    We clarify the arguments in Neural organization: Structure, function, and dynamics, acknowledge important contributions cited by our critics, and respond to their criticisms by charting directions for further development of our integrated approach to theoretical and empirical studies of neural organization. We first discuss functional organization in general (behavior versus cognitive functioning, the need to study body and brain together, function in ontogeny and phylogeny) and then focus on schema theory (noting that schema theory is not just a top-down theory (...)
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  24. Mediational Instruction, Stage of Practice, Presentation Rate, and Retrieval Cue in Paired-Associate Learning.Tannis Y. Arbuckle - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):396.
  25. Consciousness and the Unconscious : Problems of Modern European Thought.David Archard - unknown
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  26. Postrest Performance in Motor Learning as a Function of Prerest Degree of Distribution of Practice.E. James Archer - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (1):47-51.
  27. Retroactive Inhibition of Verbal Associations as a Multiple Function of Temporal Point of Interpolation and Degree of Interpolated Learning.E. James Archer & Benton J. Underwood - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (5):283.
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  28. The Folk Psychology of Consciousness.Adam Arico, Brian Fiala, Robert F. Goldberg & Shaun Nichols - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (3):327-352.
    This paper proposes the ‘AGENCY model’ of conscious state attribution, according to which an entity's displaying certain relatively simple features (e.g. eyes, distinctive motions, interactive behavior) automatically triggers a disposition to attribute conscious states to that entity. To test the model's predictions, participants completed a speeded object/attribution task, in which they responded positively or negatively to attributions of mental properties (including conscious and non-conscious states) to different sorts of entities (insects, plants, artifacts, etc.). As predicted, participants responded positively to conscious (...)
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  29. Consciousness and the Unconscious.A. C. Armstrong - 1898 - Psychological Review 5 (6):650-652.
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  30. Scenario Visualization: One Explanation of Creative Problem Solving.Robert Arp - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (3):31-60.
    In this paper, I first present the ideas and arguments put forward by evolutionary psychologists that humans evolved certain capacities to creatively problem solve. Specifically, Steven Mithen thinks that creative problem solving is possible because the mind has evolved a conscious capacity he calls cognitive fluidity, the flexible exchange of information between and among mental modules. While I agree with Mithen that cognitive fluidity acts as a necessary condition for creative problem solving, I disagree that cognitive fluidity alone will suffice (...)
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  31. A Word of Warning: Instructions and Feedback Cannot Prevent the Revelation Effect.André Aßfalg & Lena Nadarevic - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:75-86.
  32. Correlates of Perceptive Instabilities in Event-Related Potentials.Harald Atmanspacher - manuscript
    The study of instabilities in perception has attracted much interest in recent decades. The presented investigations focus on electrophysiological correlates of orientation reversals of both ambiguous visual stimuli and alternating non-ambiguous stimuli, representing the two options of the ambiguous version. Based on a refined experimental setup, significant features in the event-related potentials associated with the perception of orientation reversal were found in both cases. Their occipital location, their early occurence (200–250 ms), and their latency difference (50 ms) offer interesting perspectives (...)
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  33. Eckhart and the ‘Unconscious’.Luís M. Augusto - 2008 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 17 (33):159-167.
  34. Exploring the Unconscious Using Faces.Vadim Axelrod, Moshe Bar & Geraint Rees - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (1):35-45.
  35. When Are Images Conscious? The Curious Disconnection Between Imagery and Consciousness in the Scientific Literature.Bernard J. Baars - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3):261-264.
  36. ARTHUR S. REBER, The Cognitive Unconscious: An Evolutionary Perspective.Bernard J. Baars - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1:91.
  37. Metamemory Knowledge and Beliefs in Patients with Schizophrenia and How These Relate to Objective Cognitive Abilities.Elisabeth Bacon, Nathalie Huet & Jean-Marie Danion - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1315-1326.
    Subjective reports and theories about memory may have an influence on other beliefs and behaviours. Patients with schizophrenia suffer a wide range of deficits affecting their awareness of daily life, including memory. With the Metamemory Inventory in Adulthood we ascertained patients’ memory knowledge and thoughts about their own cognitive capacities and about several aspects of cognitive functioning: personal capacities, knowledge of processes, use of strategies, perceived change with ageing, anxiety, motivation and mastery. The participants’ ratings were correlated with their intellectual, (...)
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  38. Working Memory, Thought, and Action.Alan Baddeley - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    'Working Memory, Thought, and Action' is the magnum opus of one of the most influential cognitive psychologists of the past 50 years. This new volume on the model he created discusses the developments that have occurred within the model in the past twenty years, and places it within a broader context.
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  39. Cognitive Processes During Differential Trace and Delayed Conditioning of the Gsr.Paul E. Baer & Marcus J. Fuhrer - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):81.
  40. Associative Learning Requires Associations, Not Propositions.Frank Baeyens, Debora Vansteenwegen & Dirk Hermans - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):198-199.
    We discuss findings on evaluative conditioning (EC) that are problematic for the account of learning, namely, dissociations between conscious beliefs and acquired (dis)liking. We next argue that, both for EC and for Pavlovian learning in general, conditioned responding cannot rationally be inferred from propositional knowledge type and that, therefore, performance cannot be explained.
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  41. Discriminative and Associative Aspects of Pictorial Paired-Associate Learning: Acquisition and Retention.Harry P. Bahrick - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):113.
  42. Generalization Gradients as Indicants of Learning and Retention of a Recognition Task.Harry P. Bahrick, Sandra Clark & Phyllis Bahrick - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (4):464.
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  43. Verbal Behavior.Jon S. Bailey & Robert J. Wallander - 1999 - In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 117--152.
  44. The Role of Meaning and Word Form in Repetition Priming.Jv Bainbridge - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):478-479.
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  45. Meaning Selective Access in Repetition Priming.Jv Bainbridge - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):509-509.
  46. Propositional Learning is a Useful Research Heuristic but It is Not a Theoretical Algorithm.A. G. Baker, Irina Baetu & Robin A. Murphy - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):199-200.
    Mitchell et al.'s claim, that their propositional theory is a single-process theory, is illusory because they relegate some learning to a secondary memory process. This renders the single-process theory untestable. The propositional account is not a process theory of learning, but rather, a heuristic that has led to interesting research.
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  47. Kinesthetic Aftereffects and Evoked Potentials Constitute Parallel Measures of Augmenting-Reducing.A. Harvey Baker & Irene W. Kostin - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):744.
  48. The Effects of an Interfering Task on the Learning of a Complex Motor Skill.Katherine E. Baker, Ruth C. Wylie & Robert M. Gagné - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (1):1.
  49. Thinking About the Experience of Dementia: The Importance of the Unconscious.Andrew Balfour - 2006 - Journal of Social Work Practice 20 (3):329-346.
  50. Pointing the Way.Dana H. Ballard, Mary M. Hayhoe, Polly K. Pook & Rajesh P. N. Rao - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):758-763.
    The majority of commentators agree that the time to focus on embodiment has arrived and that the disembodied approach that was taken from the birth of artificial intelligence is unlikely to provide a satisfactory account of the special features of human intelligence. In our Response, we begin by addressing the general comments and criticisms directed at the emerging enterprise of deictic and embodied cognition. In subsequent sections we examine the topics that constitute the core of the commentaries: embodiment mechanisms, dorsal (...)
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