Utilitarianism

Edited by Anthony Skelton (University of Western Ontario)
About this topic
Summary Utilitarianism is the moral doctrine according to which an agent's action is right in so far as it produces at least as much surplus welfare for the aggregate of sentient beings as any other action the agent could have performed in her situation. Its most important and influential proponents include John Stuart Mill, Henry Sidgwick, Derek Parfit, Shelly Kagan, and Julia Driver, each of whom provides the view with a unique formulation and defence. Utilitarianism forms the basis of much moral reasoning about practical moral problems, especially in the work of R. M. Hare, Peter Singer, Laura Purdy, and Julian Savulescu. It has a rich and detailed history. The view thrived in the nineteenth century. Critics of the view contend that it cannot accommodate our intuitions about the moral importance of justice and individual rights, that it is too demanding and that its commitment to impartiality alienates us from certain of the most important human relationships (e.g., friendship). It serves as an important rival to all forms of deontology on the one hand and to the ethics of virtue on the other.
Key works Historically important defences of utilitarianism are found in Mill 1863 and in Sidgwick 1874. Historically important objections to the view are found in Carritt 1947, McCloskey 1965, Rawls ms, Smart & Williams 1973, and Stocker 1976. Influential replies to these and other objections are located in Hare 1981, Parfit 1984, Railton 1984, Sumner 1987, Kagan 1989, Ashford 2000 and Mason 1998.
Introductions The very best introduction to utilitarianism is found in Shaw 1999. Useful discussions of the view appear in Moore 1912, Ewing 1953, Driver 2012, and in the papers in Sen & Williams 1982 and Scheffler 1988. Eggleston & Miller 2014 contains some helpful introductory essays on the history and the philosophy of utilitarianism. Driver 2010 and Schneewind 1977 provide useful accounts of utilitarianism's history. Singer 1979 and Purdy 1996 give one an indication of the practical implications of utilitarian moral reasoning.
Related

Contents
1271 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 1271
Material to categorize
  1. “Benefit to the World” and “Heaven’s Intent”: The Prospective and Retrospective Aspects of the Mohist Criterion for Rightness.Bradford Jean-Hyuk Kim - 2024 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 23 (2).
    “Benefit to the world” and “Heaven’s intent” are not, as is often assumed, separate criteria for action in Mozi’s 墨子 ethics; they are the same in extension but not intension. When Mozi speaks in terms of “Heaven’s intent,” it is to highlight the criterion’s retrospective orientation and its scope; taking a cue from Heaven’s reactions to past deeds, agents specify the scope of “the world” by reference to the past performance of persons regarding benefit to the world. This diverges from (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Sidgwick and Bentham's “double aspect” of utilitarianism revisited.Yanxiang Zhang - 2024 - Theoria 90 (2):161-176.
    In “Sidgwick on Bentham: the ‘Double Aspect’ of Utilitarianism”, Schofield argued that Bentham did not regard his psychological theory as part of his utilitarianism and that natural benevolence is at his disposal to mitigate the problem of the “double aspect” of utilitarianism. This paper argues that Bentham regarded his psychological theory as part of his utilitarianism and that, in a manner quite distinct from an internal, benevolence approach, he took advantage of self‐preference and thus adopted a self‐preference and artificial means‐based (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3. Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Ethical Veganism.Andrew Nesseler & Matthew Adelstein - 2024 - Journal of Animal Ethics 14 (1):1-8.
    Two individuals can both be ethical vegans but disagree on the normative basis of their moral beliefs. This article will look at the development of two competing theories that hold prominence in debates among animal advocates: utilitarianism and deontology. Next, we turn toward their divergence in epistemology, the moral status of experiences and individuals, and the limits of permissibility. Last, we unite utilitarianism and deontology by noting where they converge. This union comes from enlightenment thinking, the postulation of direct duties (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Discounting Utility Without Complaints: Avoiding the Demandingness of Classical Utilitarianism.Stijn Bruers - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):87-95.
    Classical utilitarianism is very demanding and entails some counter-intuitive implications in moral dilemmas such as the trolley problem in deontological ethics and the repugnant conclusion in population ethics. This article presents how one specific modification of utilitarianism can avoid these counter-intuitive implications. In this modified utilitarian theory, called ‘discounted’ or ‘mild’ utilitarianism, people have a right to discount the utilities of others, under the condition that people whose utility is discounted cannot validly complain against such discounting. A complaint made by (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. The beginnings of English utilitarianism.Ernest Albee - 1897 - Boston,: Ginn.
    Preface.--The ethical system of Richard Cumberland.--The relation of Shaftesbury and Hutcheson to utilitarianism.--Gay's ethical system.--Hume's ethical system.--Conclusion.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. III—Doing Our ‘Best’? Utilitarianism, Rationality and the Altruist’s Dilemma.Max Khan Hayward - forthcoming - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
    Utilitarians think that what matters in ethics is making the world a better place. In that case, it might seem that we each rationally ought to do our best—perform the actions, out of those open to each of us, with the best expected outcomes. In other words, we should follow act-utilitarian reasons. But often the result of many altruistic agents following such individualistic reasons is worse than the result of them following collectivist ‘team-reasons’. So utilitarians should reject act utilitarianism, and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Happiness, Democracy, and the Cooperative Movement: The Radical Utilitarianism of William Thompson.Mark J. Kaswan - 2014 - SUNY Press.
    Examines the political significance of ideas about happiness through the work of utilitarian philosophers William Thompson and Jeremy Bentham. Happiness is political. The way we think about happiness affects what we do, how we relate to other people and the world around us, our moral principles, and even our ideas about how society should be organized. Utilitarianism, a political theory based on hedonistic and individualistic ideas of happiness, has been dominated for more than two-hundred years by its founder, Jeremy Bentham. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Utilitarianism (1861).Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2023 - In Frauke Höntzsch (ed.), Mill-Handbuch: Leben – Werk – Wirkung. J.B. Metzler. pp. 99-112.
    Die moralphilosophische Schrift Utilitarianism gehört mit dem inhaltlich eng verbundenen Buch On Liberty zu Mills wichtigsten Werken. In angelsächsischen Fachbereichen für Philosophie gehört sie zur Pflichtlektüre in den ersten Studienjahren, auch in Deutschland steht sie inzwischen sehr häufig im Vorlesungsverzeichnis. Der Text scheint sich besonders für die studentische Lektüre zu eignen, da er nicht nur ein angenehm kurzer und auch leicht zu lesender Klassiker einer der wichtigsten Strömungen der Moralphilosophie ist, sondern offenbar auch ebenso klassische Fehlschlüsse und Denkfehler aufweist, an (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. On the Concept of Care in J. S. Mill’s Liberal Utilitarianism.Donghye Kim - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):166-183.
    In this article I propose the concept of care as an organizing principle of John Stuart Mill’s theory of liberal utilitarianism. While both critics and proponents of Mill’s theory see his commitment to character development as a distinct feature of his utilitarianism, the specific type of character he promotes has received scant attention. Through a close reading of Mill’s Collected Works, with an emphasis on Utilitarianism, I argue that a commitment to caring characters is central to making sense of Mill’s (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Utilitarianism of Claude Adrian Helvetius as one of the philosophical origins of urbanism.Olga Averina - 2024 - Prometeica 29:83-90.
    The article reveals the connection between the ideas of the Enlightenment and the modern direction of scientific knowledge, urban studies. Urban studies as a concept of the social development of the city has, among other things, the understanding of interest in the interpretation of Helvetius. He thinks that interest is the driving force of society, the nature of which he considers from the standpoint of sensationalism and utilitarianism. Urban studies solve the problems of interaction between a person and a city, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Tsunami-tendenko follows the antiextinction principle, not utilitarianism.Susumu Cato & Ken Oshitani - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    This paper examines the concept of ‘tsunami-tendenko,’ a guideline suggesting that individuals prioritise their own safety over aiding others during large-scale disasters. Kodama defends tsunami-tendenko against accusations of egoism by arguing that the principle can be justified ethically on consequentialist (or more precisely, utilitarian) grounds. Kodama asserts that attempting to assist others during such disasters heightens the risk of ‘tomo-daore,’ where both the rescuer and the victim may perish. He claims that having people focus solely on saving themselves can maximise (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Risk, Non-Identity, and Extinction.Kacper Kowalczyk & Nikhil Venkatesh - 2024 - The Monist 107 (2):146–156.
    This paper examines a recent argument in favour of strong precautionary action—possibly including working to hasten human extinction—on the basis of a decision-theoretic view that accommodates the risk-attitudes of all affected while giving more weight to the more risk-averse attitudes. First, we dispute the need to take into account other people’s attitudes towards risk at all. Second we argue that a version of the non-identity problem undermines the case for doing so in the context of future people. Lastly, we suggest (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Indeterminate Dualism against Repugnance.Walter Barta - manuscript
    An indeterminate version of Henry Sidgwick’s “Dualism of Practical Reason” may offer a solution to Derek Parfit’s “Repugnant Conclusion”. Here we will outline the problem of Sidgwick’s Dualism and how to resolve it within the framework of practical reason and the problem of Parfit’s Repugnance and why it is irresoluble within the framework of pure utilitarianism. Then we will argue how Sidgwick’s Dualism, under certain formulations of indeterminacy, specifically under those Indeterminacy Views advanced by David Phillips (and others), implies a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. In Support of Absolute Negative Utilitarianism v.3 (3rd edition).Dalen Casey - manuscript
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Behavioural utilitarianism and distributive justice.Giorgos Galanis & Roberto Veneziani - 2022 - Economics Letters 215:110488.
    What are the distributive implications of utilitarianism? Is it compatible with a concern for equality, as many utilitarians have argued? We analyse these questions in the context of a pure allocation problem. We consider an infinitely-lived economy and, drawing on the behavioural literature, assume that individuals have reference-dependent preferences: agents’ utility is a function of current consumption and a reference point which captures consumption habits, or the agents’ upbringing. Assuming a history of inequalities in consumption, we show that the utilitarian (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. On justifying an account of moral goodness to each individual: contractualism, utilitarianism, and prioritarianism.Richard Pettigrew - manuscript
    Many welfarists wish to assign to each possible state of the world a numerical value that measures something like its moral goodness. How are we to determine this quantity? This paper proposes a contractualist approach: a legitimate measure of moral goodness is one that could be justified to each member of the population in question. How do we justify a measure of moral goodness to each individual? Each individual recognises the measure of moral goodness must be a compromise between the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. The Contemporary Evolution and Reform of Utilitarianism.Shuyang Liu - 2023 - Springer Nature Singapore.
    This book is a monograph on contemporary utilitarianism, focusing on its evolving path and logic. It describes the evolution of utilitarianism from the classical model to the contemporary model and then summarizes the characteristics of contemporary utilitarianism, revealing its advantages and disadvantages. This book points out that the best characteristic of contemporary utilitarianism is to give up traditional view of individualism and take balanced attitude to the relationship between individual and community. The change makes the goal of contemporary utilitarianism from (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Can Utilitarianism Ground Human Rights?Leslie Allan - manuscript
    Leslie Allan demonstrates how human rights are unproblematic for utilitarian moral theory and how, upon consideration, utilitarianism turns out to be the best theory for justifying human rights. Using case studies of historical and contemporary human rights conventions and recent psychological research, he argues how our concept of human rights is founded on the satisfaction of fundamental human needs and the consequences for human happiness.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. History of Utilitarianism.Joe Slater - 2023 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    History of Utilitarianism The term “utilitarianism” is most-commonly used to refer to an ethical theory or a family of related ethical theories. It is taken to be a form of consequentialism, which is the view that the moral status of an action depends on the kinds of consequences the action produces. Stated this way, consequentialism … Continue reading History of Utilitarianism →.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Perfekcjonizm i równość płci. Johna Rawlsa krytyka Johna Stuarta Milla.Elżbieta Filipow - 2021 - Przegląd Filozoficzny – Nowa Seria 4 (120):91-105.
    In his Theory of Justice John Rawls presents a critique of utilitarianism. He focuses on utilitarianism in the version offered by John Stuart Mill, but Rawls’s analysis of Mills’ views is schematic and limited to Mill’s ethical theory. Rawls does not recognize the importance of perfectionistic themes in Mill’s theory, nor does he note the consequences of that issue for the problem of gender equality. Rawls discuses those themes in his Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy. If one is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Prospect Utilitarianism and the Original Position.hun CHung - 2023 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 9 (4):670-704.
    Suppose we assume that the parties in the original position took Kahneman and Tversky's prospect theory as constituting their general knowledge of human psychology that survives through the veil of ignorance. How would this change the choice situation of the original position? In this paper, I present what I call ‘prospect utilitarianism’. Prospect utilitarianism combines the utilitarian social welfare function with individual utility functions characterized by Kahneman and Tversky's prospect theory. I will argue that, once prospect utilitarianism is on the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. L'utilitarisme.Philippe Devaux - 1955 - Bruxelles,: Renaissance du livre.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. In Support of Absolute Negative Utilitarianism v.2 (2nd edition).Dalen Casey - manuscript
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Measuring Impartial Beneficence: A Kantian Perspective on the Oxford Utilitarianism Scale.Emilian Mihailov - 2022 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (3):989-1004.
    To capture genuine utilitarian tendencies, (Kahane et al., Psychological Review 125:131, 2018) developed the Oxford Utilitarianism Scale (OUS) based on two subscales, which measure the commitment to impartial beneficence and the willingness to cause harm for the greater good. In this article, I argue that the impartial beneficence subscale, which breaks ground with previous research on utilitarian moral psychology, does not distinctively measure utilitarian moral judgment. I argue that Kantian ethics captures the all-encompassing impartial concern for the well-being of all (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Utilitarianism, Derivative Obligations, and the Problem of Political Obligation.John R. Harris - 2023 - Southwest Philosophy Review 39 (2):105-107.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Fairness and risk attitudes.Richard Bradley & Stefánsson H. Orri - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (10-11):3179-3204.
    According to a common judgement, a social planner should often use a lottery to decide which of two people should receive a good. This judgement undermines one of the best-known arguments for utilitarianism, due to John C. Harsanyi, and more generally undermines axiomatic arguments for utilitarianism and similar views. In this paper we ask which combinations of views about (a) the social planner’s attitude to risk and inequality, and (b) the subjects’ attitudes to risk are consistent with the aforementioned judgement. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Absolutism, utilitarianism, and moral military decision making.Kristine V. Nakutis - unknown
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Negative Utilitarianism and Buddhist Intuition.Bruno Contestabile - 2014 - Contemporary Buddhism 15 (2):298-311.
    Various authors suggested that Buddhism may be a kind of negative utilitarianism. A closer examination of the corresponding intuitions leads to the following result: - Negative utilitarianism, understood as an umbrella term, models the asymmetry between suffering and happiness and therefore accords with the Buddhist intuition of universal compassion. - The Noble Truths of Buddhism accord with the negative utilitarian intuition that (global) suffering cannot be compensated by happiness. - Some forms of Buddhism and negative utilitarianism share the intuition that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Comment ne pas être esclave du système?Alexandre Lacroix - 2021 - Paris: Allary éditions.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Absolutism, Utilitarianism and Agent-Relative Constraints.Mark T. Nelson - 2022 - International Philosophical Quarterly 62 (2):243-252.
    Absolutism—the idea that some kinds of acts are absolutely wrong and must never be done—plays an important role in medical ethics. Nicholas Denyer has defended it from some influential consequentialist critics who have alleged that absolutism is committed to “agent-relative constraints” and therefore intolerably complex and messy. Denyer ingeniously argues that, if there are problems with agent-relative constraints, then they are problems for consequentialism, since it contains agent-relative constraints, too. I show that, despite its ingenuity, Denyer’s argument does not succeed. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Upartiskhet og utilitarisme.Harald Ofstad - 1962 - Stockholm,:
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Haidt’s Durkheimian Utilitarianism—a Charitable Interpretation.Maciej Juzaszek - 2022 - Philosophia 51 (2):763-777.
    In the paper, I aim to reconstruct a charitable interpretation of Durkheimian utilitarianism, a normative theory of public morality proposed by well-recognised American moral psychologist – Jonathan Haidt, which might provide reasons to justify particular legal regulations and public policies. The reconstruction contains a coherent theory that includes elements of rule-utilitarianism, value pluralism, objective list theory and perfectionism, as well as references to Emile’s Durkheim views on human nature. I also compare Durkheimian utilitarianism with two similar theories – Brad Hooker’s (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Kantianism versus Utilitarianism.Douglas W. Portmore - manuscript
    I argue that Kantianism and utilitarianism have the opposite strengths and weaknesses. Whereas Kantianism but not utilitarianism accords with our commonsense views about morality, utilitarianism but not Kantianism accords with our commonsense views about action and reasons for action.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. A Study of John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism from his Proof of the Principle of Utility.Won-Chul Kim - 2023 - Journal of Korean Philosophical Society 166:117-141.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Overzicht van de wijsbegeerte: zedenleer.Jacques Ruytinx - 1977 - 1050 Brussel, [Adolphe Buyllaan 139]: Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. When utilitarianism dominates justice as fairness: an economic defence of utilitarianism from the original position.Hun Chung - 2023 - Economics and Philosophy 39 (2):308-333.
    The original position together with the veil of ignorance have served as one of the main methodological devices to justify principles of distributive justice. Most approaches to this topic have primarily focused on the single person decision-theoretic aspect of the original position. This paper, in contrast, will directly model the basic structure and the economic agents therein to project the economic consequences and social outcomes generated either by utilitarianism or Rawls’s two principles of justice. It will be shown that when (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. 5 The Moral Opacity of Utilitarianism.David Lyons - 2000 - In Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller, D. W. Haslett, Shelly Kagan, Sanford S. Levy, David Lyons, Phillip Montague, Tim Mulgan, Philip Pettit, Madison Powers, Jonathan Riley, William H. Shaw, Michael Smith & Alan Thomas (eds.), Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 105-120.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. 2 The Educational Equivalence of Act and Rule Utilitarianism.Sanford S. Levy - 2000 - In Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller, D. W. Haslett, Shelly Kagan, Sanford S. Levy, David Lyons, Phillip Montague, Tim Mulgan, Philip Pettit, Madison Powers, Jonathan Riley, William H. Shaw, Michael Smith & Alan Thomas (eds.), Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 27-39.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Utilitarianism and the Rules of War.R. B. Brandt - 1974 - In Marshall Cohen (ed.), War and Moral Responsibility: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader. Princeton University Press. pp. 25-45.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40. 2 “The Woman Question” James’s Negotiations with Natural Law Theory and Utilitarianism.Jacob L. Goodson - 2015 - In Erin C. Tarver & Shannon Sullivan (eds.), Feminist interpretations of William James. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 57-78.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. John Stuart Mills Qualitativer Utilitarismus und die undichten Fässer des Gorgias.Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2018 - In Hans G. Nutzinger & Hans Diefenbacher (eds.), John Stuart Mill Heute (Die Wirtschaft der Gesellschaft, Band 5). Metropolis. pp. 157-172.
  42. Kriticheskiĭ analiz ėtiki utilitarizma: anglo-amerikanskie issledovanii︠a︡, 1970-1980 gg.: nauchno-analiticheskiĭ obzor.I. L. Galinskai︠a︡ - 1984 - Moskva: Akademii︠a︡ nauk SSSR, In-t nauch. informat︠s︡ii po obshchestvennym naukam. Edited by Anatoliĭ Ilʹich Rakitov.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Rule utilitarianism, equality, and justice.John C. Harsanyi - 1985 - In Ellen Frankel Paul, Jeffrey Paul & Fred Dycus Miller (eds.), Ethics and economics. New York, N.Y.: [Published by] B. Blackwell for the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State University.
  44. Utilitarismo oggi.Eugenio Lecaldano & Salvatore Veca (eds.) - 1986 - Roma: Laterza.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Utilitarianism.J. S. Mill - 1987 - In John Stuart Mill (ed.), Utilitarianism and other essays. Penguin Books.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  46. Extensive Measurement in Social Choice.Jacob M. Nebel - forthcoming - Theoretical Economics.
    Extensive measurement is the standard measurement-theoretic approach for constructing a ratio scale. It involves the comparison of objects that can be concatenated in an additively representable way. This paper studies the implications of extensively measurable welfare for social choice theory. We do this in two frameworks: an Arrovian framework with a fixed population and no interpersonal comparisons, and a generalized framework with variable populations and full interpersonal comparability. In each framework we use extensive measurement to introduce novel domain restrictions, independence (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Utilitarianism and the virtues.Philippa Foot - 1988 - In Samuel Scheffler (ed.), Consequentialism and its critics. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  48. Classical utilitarianism.John Rawls - 1988 - In Samuel Scheffler (ed.), Consequentialism and its critics. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. La Questione dell'utilitarismo.Salvino Biolo (ed.) - 1991 - Genova: Marietti.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Kongnijuŭi, kaehyŏkchuŭi, chayujuŭi.Wan-jin Kim - 1996 - Sŏul-si: Sŏul Taehakkyo Chʻulpʻanbu. Edited by Hyŏn-ho Song & Chae-yul Yi.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1271