Value Theory, Miscellaneous

Edited by Gwen Bradford (Rice University)
1202 found
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1 — 50 / 1202
  1. added 2017-02-20
    A Portable Defense of the Procreation Asymmetry.Jake Earl - forthcoming - Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-22.
    The Procreation Asymmetry holds that we have strong moral reasons not to create miserable people for their own sakes, but no moral reasons to create happy people for their own sakes. To defend this conjunction against an argument that it leads to inconsistency, I show how recognizing ‘creation’ as a temporally extended process allows us to revise the conjuncts in a way that preserves their intuitive force. This defense of the Procreation Asymmetry is preferable to others because it does not (...)
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  2. added 2017-02-20
    The Population Ethics of Belief: In Search of an Epistemic Theory X.Richard Pettigrew - 2016 - Noûs 51 (1).
    Consider Phoebe and Daphne. Phoebe has credences in 1 million propositions. Daphne, on the other hand, has credences in all of these propositions, but she's also got credences in 999 million other propositions. Phoebe's credences are all very accurate. Each of Daphne's credences, in contrast, are not very accurate at all; each is a little more accurate than it is inaccurate, but not by much. Whose doxastic state is better, Phoebe's or Daphne's? It is clear that this question is analogous (...)
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  3. added 2017-02-20
    XIII—Moral Theory and Global Population.Alan Carter - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (3):289-313.
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  4. added 2017-02-20
    Population Ethics. On Parfit's Views Concerning Future Generations.W. Pulvertaft - 1991 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 26.
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  5. added 2017-02-19
    Ways to Be Worse Off.Ian Stoner - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (4):921-949.
    Does disability make a person worse off? I argue that the best answer is yes and no, because we can be worse off in two conceptually distinct ways. Disabilities usually make us worse off in one way (typified by facing hassles) but not in the other (typified by facing loneliness). Acknowledging two conceptually distinct ways to be worse off has fundamental implications for philosophical theories of well-being.
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  6. added 2017-02-15
    Proportionality in Self-Defense.Uwe Steinhoff - forthcoming - Journal of Ethics:1-27.
    This article considers the proportionality requirement of the self-defense justification. It first lays bare the assumptions and the logic—and often illogic—underlying very strict accounts of the proportionality requirement. It argues that accounts that try to rule out lethal self-defense against threats to property or against threats of minor assault by an appeal to the supreme value of life have counter-intuitive implications and are untenable. Furthermore, it provides arguments demonstrating that there is not necessarily a right not to be killed in (...)
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  7. added 2017-02-13
    The Reward of Virtue: An Essay on the Relationship Between Character and Well-Being.Ian Stoner - 2011 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    Most work in neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics begins by supposing that the virtues are the traits of character that make us good people. Secondary questions, then, include whether, why, and in what ways the virtues are good for the people who have them. This essay is an argument that the neo-Aristotelian approach is upside down. If, instead, we begin by asking what collection of character traits are good for us---that is, what collection of traits are most likely to promote our own (...)
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  8. added 2017-02-05
    Quand nos émotions sont-elles raisonnables?Stéphane Lemaire - 2016 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 141 (2):215-234.
    We often judge that emotions are more or less reasonable given their object and context. I claim that the legitimacy of these judgments rests on the fact that the desires or emotional dispositions that explain these emotional responses are themselves reasonable. It is unreasonable to be sad not to satisfy a desire that is unreasonable. But how can desires themselves be unreasonable? I reject the idea to the effect that desires are reasonable insofar as they are coherent. I suggest instead (...)
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  9. added 2017-01-31
    Emerging Adulthood Among Palestinian Minority in Israel: The Relation Between Perceived Career Barriers, Future Orientation and Career Decisions.Sami Mahajna - forthcoming - Educational Studies:1-16.
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  10. added 2017-01-31
    Recovering a "Disfigured" Face in Advance.Gili Yaron, Guy Widdershoven & Jenny Slatman - forthcoming - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology.
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  11. added 2017-01-31
    Meaning in the Lives of Humans and Other Animals.Duncan Purves & Nicolas Delon - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-22.
    This paper argues that contemporary philosophical literature on meaning in life has important implications for the debate about our obligations to non-human animals. If animal lives can be meaningful, then practices including factory farming and animal research might be morally worse than ethicists have thought. We argue for two theses about meaning in life: that the best account of meaningful lives must take intentional action to be necessary for meaning—an individual’s life has meaning if and only if the individual acts (...)
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  12. added 2017-01-31
    Lying: Language, Knowledge, Ethics, Politics.Stokke Andreas & Michaelson Eliot (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  13. added 2017-01-31
    Persisting Pan-Institutional Racism.Lantz Fleming Miller - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism:019145371668575.
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  14. added 2017-01-31
    Putting Plural Self-Awareness Into Practice: The Phenomenology of Expert Musicianship.Alessandro Salice, Simon Høffding & Shaun Gallagher - forthcoming - Topoi:1-13.
    Based on a qualitative study about expert musicianship, this paper distinguishes three ways of interacting by putting them in relation to the sense of agency. Following Pacherie, it highlights that the phenomenology of shared agency undergoes a drastic transformation when musicians establish a sense of we-agency. In particular, the musicians conceive of the performance as one single action towards which they experience an epistemic privileged access. The implications of these results for a theory of collective intentionality are discussed by addressing (...)
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  15. added 2017-01-31
    Essays in Moral Skepticism_, _written by Richard Joyce.Jonas Olson - forthcoming - Brill.
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  16. added 2017-01-31
    Enhancing Parent-Child Relationship Through Dialogic Reading.Fraide A. Ganotice, Kevin Downing, Teresa Mak, Barbara Chan & Wai Yip Lee - 2017 - Educational Studies 43 (1):51-66.
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  17. added 2017-01-31
    Sex Reassignment Surgery and Enhancement.Tomislav Bracanović - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine 42 (1):86-102.
    Sex reassignment surgery is a therapy for gender dysphoria standardly provided only upon a psychiatric authorization. Transgender scholars criticize this practice as unjustified medicalization and stigmatization of transsexual people. By demanding that sex reassignment surgery is not classified as therapy, they imply it should be classified as some kind of a biomedical enhancement. It is argued in this article that this reclassification is empirically and morally implausible because sex reassignment surgery is incompatible with two major views of enhancement. It is (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-31
    Does Anything Really Matter?: Essays on Parfit on Objectivity.Singer Peter (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    In On What Matters Derek Parfit argues that there are objective moral truths, and other normative truths about what we have reasons to believe, and to want, and to do. He further argues that if he is wrong, nihilism follows, and nothing matters. In Does Anything Really Matter? leading philosophers present a fascinating set of responses to Parfit.
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  19. added 2017-01-31
    Unexpected Benefits of Pre-University Skills Training for A-Level Students.H. L. Jones, E. H. Gaskell, J. R. Prendergast & A. D. Bavage - 2017 - Educational Studies 43 (1):67-70.
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  20. added 2017-01-31
    Killing Innocent People.Tyler Doggett - 2017 - Noûs 50 (4).
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  21. added 2017-01-31
    A Double Label: Learning Disabilities and Emotional Problems Among Gifted Children.Hanna David - 2017 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 75:22-31.
    Publication date: 26 January 2017 Source: Author: Hanna David Many gifted children are “double labeled”, namely in addition of being gifted they are also learning disabled and/or suffer from emotional, social or behavioral problems. This article will present the difficulties gifted children with a double label have to deal with, especially the difficulties in the educational system. Because of the double label the educational team faces a double challenge, in most cases without being equipped with the required knowledge or the (...)
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  22. added 2017-01-31
    Engaging with Environmental Stakeholders: Routes to Building Environmental Capabilities in the Context of the Low Carbon Economy.Polina Baranova & Maureen Meadows - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (1).
    The transition to a low carbon economy demands new strategies to enable organizations to take advantage of the potential for “green” growth. An organization's environmental stakeholders can provide opportunities for growth and support the success of its low carbon strategies, as well as potentially acting as a constraint on new initiatives. Building environmental capabilities through engagement with environmental stakeholders is conceptualized as an important aspect for the success of organizational low carbon strategies. We examine capability building across a range of (...)
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  23. added 2017-01-31
    Just Financial Markets? Finance in a Just Society.Herzog Lisa (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
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  24. added 2017-01-31
    Simple Probabilistic Promotion.Lin Eden - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (1).
    Many believe that normative reasons for action are necessarily connected with the promotion of certain states of affairs: on Humean views, for example, there is a reason for you to do something if and only if it would promote the object of one of your desires. But although promotion is widely invoked in discussions of reasons, its nature is a matter of controversy. I propose a simple account: to promote a state of affairs is to make it more likely to (...)
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  25. added 2017-01-31
    Why I Cannot Dance the Tango: Reflections of an Incompetent Member of the “Milongas Porteñas”.Carlos Belvedere - 2016 - Schutzian Research 8:179-200.
    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the idea that members are fully competent at what they do. With that aim, I start with a Schutzian and Ethno­methodological account of what it is like to be a member of the tango scene in the dance halls of Buenos Aires. I specify different degrees and kinds of competences. On the one hand, there are fully competent members and incompetent members. The incompetent members are the vast majority in comparison to the (...)
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  26. added 2017-01-31
    Love & Friendship.Daniel Callam - 2016 - The Chesterton Review 42 (3):599-605.
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  27. added 2017-01-31
    The Ethics of Ethics and the Ethics of Architecture.Sweeting Ben - unknown -
    In designing architecture we put forward ways in which to live, enabling particularpatterns of living while limiting other possibilities. In this sense architecture has anormative function and can be compared to the way that ethical theories and moralcodes purport to guide us on how to live. Given this, I suggest that ethical reflectionabout how we design—and in particular about how we constitute the relationshipbetween designers and those they design for—can be used to help formulate ethicalquestions regarding how we speak and (...)
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  28. added 2017-01-31
    Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics Volume 25.Magnani Lorenzo & Casadio Claudia (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
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  29. added 2017-01-31
    Models in Medicine.Wilde Michael & Williamson Jon - unknown -
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  30. added 2017-01-31
    What's the Matter with Discourse? : An Alternative Reading of Karen Barad's Philosophy.Andersson Ingrid - unknown -
    The theoretical movement known under the heading of posthumanism has entered the academic field. Posthumanisms most prominent feature is to retrieve the concept of matter into the analytical framework. Matter is understood to be under-theorized within the social sciences as a result of the permeative focus upon language and discourse. A prevailing understanding of posthumanism that has been used within educational science and philosophy thus consists of moving the searchlight from language/discourse onto matter. Notably, these scholars are turning to the (...)
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  31. added 2017-01-31
    Introducing Complicity.Afxentiou Afxentis, Dunford Robin & Neu Michael - unknown -
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  32. added 2017-01-31
    Philosophy: Environmental Ethics.Schmidtz David (ed.) - 2016 - Gale.
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  33. added 2017-01-31
    Extended Preferences and Interpersonal Comparisons of Well‐Being.Hilary Greaves & Harvey Lederman - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (1).
    An important objection to preference-satisfaction theories of well-being is that these theories cannot make sense of interpersonal comparisons of well-being. A tradition dating back to Harsanyi () attempts to respond to this objection by appeal to so-called extended preferences: very roughly, preferences over situations whose description includes agents’ preferences. This paper examines the prospects for defending the preference-satisfaction theory via this extended preferences program. We argue that making conceptual sense of extended preferences is less problematic than others have supposed, but (...)
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  34. added 2017-01-31
    The Problem of Self‐Torture: What's Being Done?Stephen J. White - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (1).
    We commonly face circumstances in which the cumulative negative effects of repeatedly acting in a certain way over time will be significant, although the negative effects of any one such act, taken on its own, are insubstantial. Warren Quinn's puzzle of the self-torturer presents an especially clear example of this type of predicament. This paper considers three different approaches to understanding the rational response to such situations. The first focuses on the conditions under which it is rational to revise one's (...)
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  35. added 2017-01-31
    Why Is Aristotle’s Vicious Person Miserable?Gösta Grönroos - 2015 - In Øyvind Rabbås, Eyjolfur Kjálar Emilsson, Hallvard Fossheim & Miira Fossheim (eds.), The quest for the good life: Ancient philosophers on happiness. Oxford: OUP. pp. 146–163.
    The question raised in this chapter is why Aristotle portrays the bad person as being in a miserable state. It is argued that the bad person suffers from a mental conflict, which consists of a clash between two different kinds of desire, and that fulfilling one of the desires violates values that she also desires. But in contrast to the akratic person, the bad person has no proper conception of the good. Nevertheless, although the bad person may succeed in achieving (...)
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  36. added 2017-01-31
    The Compensation Principle.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (1):47-60.
    In "Should Race Matter?," David Boonin proposes the compensation principle: When an agent wrongfully harms another person, she incurs a moral obligation to compensate that person for the harms she has caused. Boonin then argues that the United States government has wrongfully harmed black Americans by adopting pro-slavery laws and other discriminatory laws and practices following the end of slavery, and therefore the United States government has an obligation to pay reparations for slavery and discriminatory laws and practices to those (...)
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  37. added 2017-01-31
    In Control.Simkulet William - 2014 - Philosophical Inquires 2 (1):59-75.
    In George Sher’s recent article “Out of Control”, he discusses a series of 9 cases that he believes illustrates that some agents are uncontroversially morally responsible for actions they “cannot help” but perform (2006: 285). He argues these agents exert partial control over these actions insofar as their actions are determined from their character; but this is no control at all. Here I argue that in each of these cases the agent exerts morally relevant control over her actions and that (...)
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  38. added 2017-01-31
    Using Moodle 2.5 For E- Evaluation And Assignments For Students Learning At Covenant University.Wogu Ikedinachi Ayodele Power, A. A. Atayero, A. Abolade, Chidozie Felix, F. E. Olu-Owolabi, A. Godwyns & Adeyemi Gideon Adewale - unknown -
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  39. added 2017-01-31
    Do Normative Judgements Aim to Represent the World?Bart Streumer - unknown -
    Many philosophers think that normative judgements do not aim to represent the world. In this paper, I argue that this view is incompatible with the thought that when two people make conflicting normative judgements, at most one of these judgements is correct. I argue that this shows that normative judgements do aim to represent the world.
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  40. added 2017-01-31
    Spiritual Paths to an Ethical and Ecological Global Civilization.John Anthony Raymaker, Gerald Grudzen & Joe Holland - 2013 - Pacem in Terris Press.
    Reading the signs of the times against a background of cultural-civilization and global financial-ecological conflicts, the book explores a "new cosmology" influenced by Teilhard de Chardin. It upholds evolution as a co-creative artistic-mystical process in contrast to modern secularist-determinist perspectives. It links a global spirituality to a global ethics.
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  41. added 2017-01-31
    Perception of Risk and Risk-Taking Among the Lucky and the Luckless.Józef Maciuszek & Marcin Kolemba - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (3):358-370.
    The experience of good fortune and misfortune often reveals itself in the context of risk. We posed the question of whether there are differences between the lucky and the unlucky in perceiving and undertaking risky behaviours, and if these differences constitute predictors of good or ill fortune. A range of instruments were applied in the research to examine groups of lucky and unlucky individuals in respect of their propensity for taking risk, attitudes towards the risk occurring in various domains, the (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-31
    Do Normative Judgements Aim to Represent the World?Bart Streumer - unknown -
    Many philosophers think that normative judgements do not aim to represent the world. In this paper, I argue that this view is incompatible with the thought that when two people make conflicting normative judgements, at most one of these judgements is correct. I argue that this shows that normative judgements do aim to represent the world.
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  43. added 2017-01-31
    Do Normative Judgements Aim to Represent the World?Bart Streumer - unknown -
    Many philosophers think that normative judgements do not aim to represent the world. In this paper, I argue that this view is incompatible with the thought that when two people make conflicting normative judgements, at most one of these judgements is correct. I argue that this shows that normative judgements do aim to represent the world.
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  44. added 2017-01-31
    A New bridgeAllenAmy, The Politics of Our Selves: Power, Autonomy, and Gender in Contemporary Critical Theory.Giovanna Borradori - 2012 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (7):745-752.
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  45. added 2017-01-31
    The Possibility of Consent.David Owens - unknown -
    Worries about the possibility of consent recall a more familiar problem about promising raised by Hume. To see the parallel here we must distinguish the power of consent from the normative significance of choice. I'll argue that we have normative interests, interests in being able to control the rights and obligations of ourselves and those around us, interests distinct from our interest in controlling the non-normative situation. Choice gets its normative significance from our non-normative control interests. By contrast, the possibility (...)
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  46. added 2017-01-31
    The Possibility of Consent.David Owens - unknown -
    Worries about the possibility of consent recall a more familiar problem about promising raised by Hume. To see the parallel here we must distinguish the power of consent from the normative significance of choice. I'll argue that we have normative interests, interests in being able to control the rights and obligations of ourselves and those around us, interests distinct from our interest in controlling the non-normative situation. Choice gets its normative significance from our non-normative control interests. By contrast, the possibility (...)
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  47. added 2017-01-31
    The Possibility of Consent.David Owens - unknown -
    Worries about the possibility of consent recall a more familiar problem about promising raised by Hume. To see the parallel here we must distinguish the power of consent from the normative significance of choice. I'll argue that we have normative interests, interests in being able to control the rights and obligations of ourselves and those around us, interests distinct from our interest in controlling the non-normative situation. Choice gets its normative significance from our non-normative control interests. By contrast, the possibility (...)
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  48. added 2017-01-31
    The Language of Research and the Importance of the Tacit Dimension.Gough A. Martin - unknown -
    I consider the nature of research, both as a mode of learning about the world, with the focus on the object of research, and as a role for staff and students in the higher education sector, with the focus on the practice to be learned, on the pedagogy of research. The domain of research and researchers has, like other domains of higher education and like education more widely, has received a good deal of policy attention. In the UK, there has (...)
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  49. added 2017-01-31
    Existential Loneliness and End-of-Life Care: A Systematic Review.L. D. Derksen, E. J. Ettema & Leeuwen E. Van - unknown -
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  50. added 2017-01-31
    Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Bradford Hooker - unknown -
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