Value Theory, Miscellaneous

Edited by Gwen Bradford (Rice University)
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  1. Norm-Establishing and Norm-Following in Autonomous Agency.Xabier Barandiaran & Matthew Egbert - 2013 - Artificial Life 91 (2):1-24.
    Living agency is subject to a normative dimension (good-bad, adaptive-maladaptive) that is absent from other types of interaction. We review current and historical attempts to naturalize normativity from an organism-centered perspective, identifying two central problems and their solution: (1) How to define the topology of the viability space so as to include a sense of gradation that permits reversible failure, and (2) how to relate both the processes that establish norms and those that result in norm-following behavior. We present a (...)
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  2. Individual Moral Development and Moral Progress.Anders Schinkel & Doret J. de Ruyter - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):121-136.
    At first glance, one of the most obvious places to look for moral progress is in individuals, in particular in moral development from childhood to adulthood. In fact, that moral progress is possible is a foundational assumption of moral education. Beyond the general agreement that moral progress is not only possible but even a common feature of human development things become blurry, however. For what do we mean by ‘progress’? And what constitutes moral progress? Does the idea of individual moral (...)
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  3. Examinei Live: An Epistemological Exchange Between Philosophy and Cultural Psychology on Reflection.Waldomiro Silva Filho - 2019 - In W. & Tateo Silva-Filho (ed.), Thinking about Oneself. Chan, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 1-18.
    Since the famous passage in which Socrates (Plato 38a5-6) says that the unexamined, and therefore non-reflected, life is not worth living, “reflection” has been a diffuse and iterant term in ethics, moral philosophy, epistemology, political philosophy (Tiberius 2008; Skorupski 2010), but also in psychology (Marsico, Andrisano Ruggieri & Salvatore 2015). This chapter outlines the discussion of reflection and presents the book "Thinking about Onself", a volume that opens a new perspective on the topic of reflection, considering the most recent approaches (...)
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  4. Philosophical Confidence.J. L. Gorman - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 22:71-79.
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  5. The Teleological and Deontological Structures of Action: Aristotle and/or Kant?Paul Ricoeur - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 21:99-111.
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  6. The Organism-Centered Approach to Cultural Evolution.Andreas De Block & Grant Ramsey - 2016 - Topoi 35 (1):283-290.
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  7. Causing People to Exist and Saving People’s Lives.Jeff McMahan - 2013 - Journal of Ethics 17 (1-2):5-35.
    Most people are skeptical of the claim that the expectation that a person would have a life that would be well worth living provides a reason to cause that person to exist. In this essay I argue that to cause such a person to exist would be to confer a benefit of a noncomparative kind and that there is a moral reason to bestow benefits of this kind. But this conclusion raises many problems, among which is that it must be (...)
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  8. The Benefits and Harms of Existence and Non-Existence: Guest Editor’s Introduction.Jens Johansson - 2013 - Journal of Ethics 17 (1-2):1-4.
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  9. Is That All There Is?Michael Smith - 2006 - Journal of Ethics 10 (1-2):75-106.
    I take issue with two suggestions of Joel Feinberg's: first, that it is incoherent to suppose that human life as such is absurd, and, second, that a particular human life may be absurd and yet saved from being tragic by being fulfilled. I also argue that human life as such may well be absurd and I consider various responses to this.
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  10. Introduction.Gillian Brock & Darrel Moellendorf - 2005 - Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):1-9.
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  11. On Quine’s Translation Argument.V. Alexis Peluce - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):315-320.
    Quine's translation argumnent figures centrally in his views on logic. The goal of this paper is to get clear on that argument. It can be interpreted as an argument to the effect that one should never translate somebody’s speech as going against a law of the translator’s logic. Key to this reading of the translation argument is the premise that one should never translate somebody's speech such that their speech is unintelligible. Ultimately, it is my aim to reject this reading. (...)
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  12. Problems and Interpretations of Schopenhauer’s World as Will and Representation.Jens Lemanski & Daniel Schubbe - 2019 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 10 (1):199.
    In this paper we present an overview of the current interpretations of the first volume of Arthur Schopenhauer’s main work The World as Will and Representation (W I) and discuss their problems. We discuss four issues, which in our opinion must clarify a current interpretation implicitly or explicitly, if it claims to be an interpretation of the whole book: (1) What does Schopenhauer mean by the fact that his work shares only one (single) thought? (2) How are the individual books (...)
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  13. Mammalian Reproductive Biology. By F. H. Bronson. Pp. 325.David Chivers - 1992 - Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (1):141-142.
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  14. Realising the Potential: The ESRC Seminar Series on Social Realism and Empirical Research.Caroline New - 2001 - Alethia 4 (1):43-47.
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  15. A Place Against Time. Land and Environment in the Papua New Guinea Highlands. By Paul Sillitoe. Pp. 438.Stanley Ulijaszek - 1999 - Journal of Biosocial Science 31 (1):139-144.
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  16. WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH, Customs and Excise: Trade, Production and Consumption in England 1640–1845. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Pp. Xiii+396. ISBN 0-19-925921-6. £55.00. [REVIEW]James Sumner - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (4):480-481.
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  17. ‘We Can’T Get Worms From Cow Dung’: Reported Knowledge of Parasitism Among Pastoralist Youth Attending Secondary School in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania.Rita Isabel Henderson, Jennifer Hatfield, Susan Kutz, Saningo Olemshumba, Frank Van Der Meer, Mange Manyama & Sheri Bastien - 2016 - Journal of Biosocial Science 48 (6):746-766.
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  18. Low Fertility Intention in Tehran, Iran: The Role of Attitudes, Norms and Perceived Behavioural Control.Amir Erfani - 2017 - Journal of Biosocial Science 49 (3):292-308.
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  19. Le Secret Médical Et la Manifestation de la Vérité.Sophie Gromb - 2000 - Médecine et Droit 2000 (41):13-16.
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  20. Second-Person Engagement, Self-Alienation, and Group-Identification.Dan Zahavi - 2019 - Topoi 38 (1):251-260.
    One of the central questions within contemporary debates about collective intentionality concerns the notion and status of the we. The question, however, is by no means new. At the beginning of the last century, it was already intensively discussed in phenomenology. Whereas Heidegger argued that a focus on empathy is detrimental to a proper understanding of the we, and that the latter is more fundamental than any dyadic interaction, other phenomenologists, such as Stein, Walther and Husserl, insisted on the importance (...)
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  21. Por Que a Ciência Não Resolve Nossos Problemas?Daniel Durante - 2015 - Dialektiké 2 (2):3-37.
    Além de responder à pergunta título, pretende-se também apresentar as linhas gerais de um caminho que vem sendo proposto por alguns pensadores sobre de que modo a ciência poderia se modificar de modo a que pudéssemos utilizá-la para resolver nossos principais problemas. Para tanto iniciaremos explicitando o que consideramos as características mais fundamentais da racionalidade científica hegemônica, a saber: o atomismo e o método axiomático. Em seguida, apresentamos alguns conhecidos problemas das ciências, evidenciando suas relações com estas características fundamentais. Tais (...)
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  22. The Burqa Ban: Legal Precursors for Denmark, American Experiences and Experiments, and Philosophical and Critical Examinations.Ryan Long, Erik Baldwin, Anja Matwijkiw, Bronik Matwijkiw, Anna Oriolo & Willie Mack - 2018 - International Studies Journal 15 (1):157-206.
    As the title of the article suggests, “The Burqa Ban”: Legal Precursors for Denmark, American Experiences and Experiments, and Philosophical and Critical Examinations, the authors embark on a factually investigative as well as a reflective response. More precisely, they use The 2018 Danish “Burqa Ban”: Joining a European Trend and Sending a National Message (published as a concurrent but separate article in this issue of INTERNATIONAL STUDIES JOURNAL) as a platform for further analysis and discussion of different perspectives. These include (...)
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  23. The Concept of Hell.Robert Arp & Benjamin McGraw (eds.) - 2015 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The Concept of Hell examines a wide range of topics, problems, and concepts of interest to philosophers, theologians, and anyone curious about religious thinking concerning damnation. Acting as a platform for philosophers from many different views and traditions, this book provides a myriad of approaches to thinking about Hell. From the nature of Hell to philosophical justifications of damnation, to the way in which Hell informs us about our relationships with each other, the discussions offer a tantalizing exploration of how (...)
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  24. Welfarism.Ben Bramble - forthcoming - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, 2nd print edition.
    Welfarism is a theory of value (or the good) simpliciter. Theories of value are fundamentally concerned with explaining what makes some possible worlds better than others. Welfarism is the view according to which the relative value of possible worlds is fully determined by how individuals are faring—or, in other words, by the facts about well-being that obtain—in these worlds. This entry begins by distinguishing between various forms of welfarism (pure vs. impure welfarism, and then narrow vs. wide welfarism). It then (...)
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  25. Sabine Roeser, Moral Emotions and Intuitions.Jessy E. G. Jordan - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):237-240.
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  26. Reconsidering Iris Murdoch’s Moral Realism.Jessy E. G. Jordan - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (3):371-385.
    Scholars who have attempted to explain Iris Murdoch’s moral realism have done so in widely divergent ways, some characterizing her as a classical moral realist, others as a pragmatic moral realist, and still others as a “reflexive realist.”See, e.g., respectively, Fergus Kerr, “Back to Plato with Iris Murdoch,” in Immortal Longings: Versions of Transcending Humanity (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1997), 68–88; Sami Pihlstrom, Pragmatic Moral Realism: A Transcendental Defence (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005); and Maria Antonaccio, Picturing the Human: The (...)
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  27. Love and Death.Daniel Werner - 2016 - In Michael Cholbi (ed.), Immortality and the Philosophy of Death. pp. 135-156.
    It is commonly thought that there is a connection between love and death. But what can be said philosophically about the nature of that connection (if indeed it exists)? Plato's Symposium suggests at least three possible ways in which love and death might be connected: first, that love entails (or ought to entail) a willingness to die for one’s beloved; second, that love is a desire for (or perhaps itself is) a kind of death; and third, that love is linked (...)
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  28. Michael Brady , New Waves in Metaethics , 300 Pp. ISBN 9780230251625.David Merli - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (6):793-795.
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  29. Neurofeedback-Based Moral Enhancement and the Notion of Morality.Koji Tachibana - 2017 - The Annals of the University of Bucharest - Philosophy Series 66 (2):25-41.
    Some skeptics question the very possibility of moral bioenhancement by arguing that if we lack a widely acceptable notion of morality, we will not be able to accept the use of a biotechnological technique as a tool for moral bioenhancement. I will examine this skepticism and argue that the assessment of moral bioenhancement does not require such a notion of morality. In particular, I will demonstrate that this skepticism can be neutralized in the case of recent neurofeedback techniques. This goal (...)
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  30. What is Friendship?Uri D. Leibowitz - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (49):97-117.
    The paper identifies a distinctive feature of friendship. Friendship, it is argued, is a relationship between two people in which each participant values the other and successfully communicates this fact to the other. This feature of friendship, it is claimed, explains why friendship plays a key role in human happiness, why it is praised by philosophers, poets, and novelists, and why we all seek friends. Although the characterization of friendship proposed here differs from other views in the literature, it is (...)
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  31. La vida como autopoiesis y como fundamento de la ética en tiempos de globalización.José Ramón Fabelo Corzo - 2008 - A Parte Rei 57 (57):8.
    El trabajo reflexiona sobre los fundamentos originarios de la ética. La tesis central que se defiende y que se busca mostrar consiste en asumir que las raíces históricas últimas de lo ético están en la vida humana misma, que lo ético responde a una necesidad humana vital y que es precisamente en la vida donde ha de encontrarse el buscado criterio de última instancia sobre lo que lo ético es. Esta hipótesis conduce necesariamente a analizar el tema de la vida, (...)
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  32. Quantum Andy: Andy Kaufman and the Postmodern Turn in Comedy.H. Peter Steeves - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (3):115-136.
    In this essay I attempt to unpack Andy Kaufman in his many manifestations, ultimately arguing that traditional notions of comedy cannot help us get at the root of what is going on here. Through a discussion and criticism of the theories of comedy presented by Christopher Fry, Susanne Langer, Walter Kerr, and Maurice Charney, I suggest how Andy's comedy employs a rejection of the modernist conceits of a fixed identity, a denotative language, a progressive history, and a separation of temporality (...)
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  33. Absolute Knowing: Consternation and Preservation in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit and Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida.Jennifer Ann Bates - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (3):65-82.
    Hegel’s “Absolute Knowing” and Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida are tragi-comic consternations. They are theatres of ethical panentheism: they present dramatic “absolute” ethical interpretations and actions, each of which is at once ungrounded and completely seeded. I start with the etymology of “consternation.” Then I discuss the comic vs. tragic interpretations of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, arguing it is a consternating tragi-comedy. I analyze the predicate “absolute” in terms of consternations, in a few passages of the book. I elaborate especially upon (...)
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  34. At Least They Had an Ethos: Comedy as the Only Possible Critique.Richard A. Lee Jr - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (3):55-64.
    I argue that the uniqueness of comedy lies in its potential for social critique. Reading through Aristotle, Hegel, and Umberto Eco, I show that because comedy is not negative, not a counter-argument, it can expose social structures for what they are.
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  35. HOMAGE TO PENIA: Aristophanes' Plutus as Philosophical Comedy.Bernard Freydberg - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (3):27-33.
    The vastly underrated Plutus receives at least some of its due in this paper. At its beginning, I attempt to locate Plutus within both the Hegelian discourse on comedy and within Hume's poetical and philosophical fictions. Employing the same method of close textual analysis that I employed in Philosophy and Comedy: Aristophanes, Logos, and Eros, I focus upon the thoroughgoing materialism of the poor farmer Chremylus who laments the unjust distribution of wealth, and who seeks to restore the god's sight (...)
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  36. Revisiting Nietzsche Et la Philosophie : Gilles Deleuze on Force and Eternal Return.Joseph Ward - 2010 - Angelaki 15 (2):101-114.
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  37. A Timeless Sublime?: Reading the Feminine Sublime in the Discourse of the Sacred.Patrick Wright - 2010 - Angelaki 15 (2):85-100.
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  38. Blood on the Trading Floor: Waste, Sacrifice, and Death in Financial Crises.Paul Crosthwaite - 2010 - Angelaki 15 (2):3-18.
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  39. “The Action to the Word, the Word to the Action”: Reading Hamlet with Cavell and Derrida.R. M. Christofides, April Lodge & David Rudrum - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (2):177-191.
    The writings of Stanley Cavell and Jacques Derrida share many points of intersection. One of these is their mutual interest in Shakespeare’s Hamlet; another is their assessments of J.L. Austin’s philosophy, and his concept of performativity. In this paper, we demonstrate that Cavell’s and Derrida’s respective essays on Hamlet offer a surprising insight into their views on Austin’s notion of performativity. Since Hamlet abounds with oaths and promises, testimonies and bearing witness, what is surprising is not that these philosophers should (...)
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  40. Heavenbeast: A New Materialist Approach to Ulysses.Donovan O. Schaefer - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (2):119-137.
    James Joyce’s Ulysses can be read through the prism of the New Materialist School of contemporary critical thought to shed light on ongoing questions in the humanities about the relationship between language and embodiment. Specifically, Ulysses resonates with three thematic concerns of New Materialisms: the nature of matter, the correspondence between human and animal, and the role of affect. Contra some calls for the humanities to retrench in a conservative posture that reaffirms the special status of human reason and “consciousness” (...)
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  41. Common Bodies: The Ethics of Precarity Politics.Julia Cooper - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (2):3-15.
    The politics of precarity have emerged on the contemporary scene of critical theory with great social force in recent years. This paper looks at the risks and obstacles of positing precariousness and vulnerability as the basis of a universal ethics while also arguing for the socially transformative potential of such a model. More broadly, it considers the crucial question of what stands in the way of human relation and ethical life in an age of neoliberalism and biopolitics, and posits an (...)
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  42. “When I Swallow His Heart and Lungs, Jesus is Pleased”: The Transmediation of Sacrifice in the Journals of Knud Rasmussen.Russell J. A. Kilbourn - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (4):95-110.
    :This paper examines the transmediation of sacrifice in the Isuma “Fast Runner” trilogy, focusing in particular upon The Journals of Knud Rasmussen. In this film the impact of the introduction of Christianity upon traditional Inuit culture in the 1920s sets the stage for literal and metaphorical sacrifice, tied inexorably to the parallel threat of conversion and the transvaluation of traditional shamanistic beliefs. In the process, the film maintains a critical stance with respect to both the ethnographic perspective of the outsider, (...)
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  43. Faith, Sacrifice, and the Earth's Glory in Terrence Malick's the Tree of Life.George B. Handley - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (4):79-93.
    :Terrence Malick's film The Tree of Life revisits many of the questions regarding a Christian theodicy. How, for example, can one reconcile the idea of providence or believe in the meaning of human suffering when life itself is subject to and even dependent on chance and violence? In order to sustain faith in providence in such a universe, Malick suggests that one must be willing to absorb the insults of accident and sacrifice the human drive to control and master one's (...)
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  44. Clôtural Sacrifice: Liminal Representation of Race in Film.Farhang Erfani - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (4):37-50.
    :In this essay, I argue that what I consider a generally valid critique of the traditional model of representation remains too closely focused on its limitations and not its liminality. To make this distinction, I couch my analysis in terms of sacrifice. The canonical model of mimesis was concerned by the sacrificed thickness of “presence” in the thin re-presentation; today's anti-essentialist model is instead concerned that presence or sameness comes at the sacrificial cost of the other. Although the latter is (...)
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  45. Heart of the Matter: Bodies Without Organs and Biopolitics in Organ Transplant Films.Patricia Pisters - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (4):23-36.
    :In this essay I will look at four recent films that have organ transplantations “at their heart”: 21 Grams, L'Intrus, Dirty Pretty Things and Heart of Jenin. Each film in its own way shows how Nancy's concept of the intruder balances in a different dynamics between biopolitical and biophilosophical concerns and proposes in various ways a changed concept of sacrifice, transforming sacrifice from religious offering into political or ethical resistance and allowing a-religious strivings to persist.
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  46. Odysseus Unbound: Sovereignty and Sacrifice in Hunger and the Dialectic of Enlightenment.Banu Bargu - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (4):7-22.
    :This essay provides a reading of Steve McQueen's critically acclaimed movie Hunger, which tells the story of the hunger strike of Bobby Sands in light of contemporary hunger strikes around the world and especially in Guantánamo. The central concern of the essay is to read Hunger together with Horkheimer and Adorno's Dialectic of Enlightenment, showing how both works problematize the sacrificial subjectivity of enlightenment, its instrumental rationality, and sovereign temporality, while advancing a devastating critique of Western civilization. I argue that (...)
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  47. Models and Methods: Sketch of a Field Study.Matthew Chrulew & Vinciane Despret - 2015 - Angelaki 20 (2):37-52.
    The case of the Arabian babblers is a controversial and significant one in ethology that troubles standard sociobiological theories of the evolution of behaviour. In this chapter from her book Naissance d'une théorie éthologique, Vinciane Despret examines the divergent models and methods of the scientists studying the babblers, their different epistemologies and ontologies that are only truly visible and understandable if one takes into account their particular ways of comporting themselves with the birds, and the babblers’ active role in writing (...)
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  48. Entering Theriomorphic Worlds: An Interview with Roberto Marchesini.Brett Buchanan, Matthew Chrulew & Jeffrey Bussolini - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (1):255-269.
    This interview ranges across a number of topics relevant to Roberto Marchesini’s thought: the history and philosophy of ethology and entomology; zooanthropology and animal culture; philosophical ethology and philosophical anthropology; animal studies; and animals in laboratories, in the field, on farms, and in household/urban settings. It touches on thinkers including Margherita Hack, Giorgio Celli, Donna Haraway, Giorgio Agamben, Roberto Esposito, Charles Darwin, and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
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  49. Editorial Introduction: Roberto Marchesini.Matthew Chrulew, Brett Buchanan & Jeffrey Bussolini - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (1):1-3.
    Roberto Marchesini is an Italian philosopher and ethologist whose work is significant for the rethinking of animality and human–animal relations. Throughout such important books as Il dio Pan,Il concetto di soglia, Post-human, Intelligenze plurime, Epifania animale, and Etologia filosofica he offers a scathing critique of reductive, mechanistic models of animal behaviour, as well as a positive contribution to zooanthropological and phenomenological methods for understanding animal life. Centred on the dynamic and performative field of interactions and relations in the world, his (...)
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  50. Scarcity and Global Hunger: A Sociological Critique of the Scarcity Postulate with an Attempt at Synthesis.Adel Daoud - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 6 (2):199-225.
    The purpose of this essay is to formulate a sociological critique of the concept of scarcity in mainstream economics by synthesising necessary conceptions in the construction of a theoretical structure with greater explanatory power than the current mainstream articulation. Mainstream economics asserts the universality of scarcity. A critical scrutiny of this assertion is conducted by discussing the empirical phenomenon of global hunger in relation to a theoretical elaboration of the concepts of scarcity and abundance. The historical origins of the scarcity (...)
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