Related categories

189 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 189
  1. added 2019-01-17
    Localism Vs. Individualism for the Scientific Realism Debate.Seungbae Park - forthcoming - Philosophical Papers.
    Localism is the view that the unit of evaluation in the scientific realism debate is a single scientific discipline, sub-discipline, or claim, whereas individualism is the view that the unit of evaluation is a single scientific theory. Localism is compatible, while individualism is not, with a local pessimistic induction and a local selective induction. Asay (2016) presents several arguments to support localism and undercut globalism, according to which the unit of evaluation is the set of all scientific disciplines. I argue (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2018-06-07
    Brain Networks, Structural Realism, and Local Approaches to the Scientific Realism Debate.Karen Yan & Jonathon Hricko - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 64:1-10.
    We examine recent work in cognitive neuroscience that investigates brain networks. Brain networks are characterized by the ways in which brain regions are functionally and anatomically connected to one another. Cognitive neuroscientists use various noninvasive techniques (e.g., fMRI) to investigate these networks. They represent them formally as graphs. And they use various graph theoretic techniques to analyze them further. We distinguish between knowledge of the graph theoretic structure of such networks (structural knowledge) and knowledge of what instantiates that structure (nonstructural (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2018-02-23
    From Zymes to Germs: Discarding the Realist/Anti-Realist Framework.Dana Tulodziecki - 2016 - In R. Scholl & T. Sauer (eds.), The Philosophy of Historical Case-Studies. Springer. pp. 265--284.
    I argue that neither realist nor anti-realist accounts of theory-change can account for the transition from zymotic views of disease to germ views. The trouble with realism is its focus on stable and continuous elements that get retained in the transition from one theory to the next; the trouble with anti-realism is its focus on the radical discontinuity between theories and their successors. I show that neither of these approaches works for the transition from zymes to germs: there is neither (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. added 2018-02-17
    The Semantic or Model-Theoretic View of Theories and Scientific Realism.Anjan Chakravartty - 2001 - Synthese 127 (3):325-345.
    The semantic view of theories is one according to which theories are construed as models of their linguistic formulations. The implications of this view for scientific realism have been little discussed. Contrary to the suggestion of various champions of the semantic view, it is argued that this approach does not make support for a plausible scientific realism any less problematic than it might otherwise be. Though a degree of independence of theory from language may ensure safety from pitfalls associated with (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  5. added 2018-02-17
    Knowledge, Society and Reality: Problems of the Social Analysis of Knowledge and Scientific Realism.León Olivé (ed.) - 1993 - Brill | Rodopi.
    INTRODUCTION Human knowledge has two central aspects that demand attention: On one hand, it is a social construct and on the other it aspires to be ...
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2018-02-17
    Realism Versus Relativism in Ethics.John Anderson - 1933 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 11 (1):1-11.
    This article analyzes the central weaknesses of both relativism and traditional empiricism as overarching accounts of science appropriate for psychology. A third approach, a variant of scientific realism, is described and discussed, and it is argued that this approach avoids the most pernicious features of both relativism and empiricism. This version of scientific realism postulates that the rational structure of science is composed of four interlocked categories: aims, epistemic values, methodological rules, and theories. These categories are described, and the nature (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. added 2018-02-02
    Representation and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (4):375-379.
    Woosuk Park’s paper “Misrepresentation in Context” is a useful plea for a theory of representation with promising interaction between cognitive science, philosophy of science, and aesthetics. In this paper, I argue that such a unified account is provided by Charles S. Peirce’s semiotics. This theory puts Park’s criticism of Nelson Goodman and Jerry Fodor in context. Some of Park’s pertinent remarks on the problem of misrepresentation can be illuminated by the account of truthlikeness and idealization developed by philosophers of science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8. added 2018-02-02
    Verisimilitude: The Third Period.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trich published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  9. added 2018-02-02
    Truthlikeness: The Third Phase'.I. Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49:1-31.
  10. added 2018-02-02
    Theoretical Reference and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1997 - In Julian Nida-Rümelin & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen 2, Volume I: Logic, Epistemology, Philosophy of Science. De Gruyter. pp. 439-452.
  11. added 2017-12-19
    The Reality of the Unobservable: Observability, Unobservability and Their Impact on the Issue of Scientific Realism.Anjan Chakravartty - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):359-363.
    There is perhaps no more succinct a way of describing the controversy between scientific realists and antirealists than to say that it turns on the reality of the unobservable. Less concisely, it turns on whether we have reason to think that scientific theories tell us the truth (or something close to it) about some of the underlying, unobservable bits of a mind-independent, external reality, among other things. Claims to knowledge of such a reality have traditionally been a bone of contention (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2017-10-24
    Critiques of Minimal Realism.Seungbae Park - 2017 - Problemos 92:102-114.
    Saatsi’s minimal realism holds that science makes theoretical progress. It is designed to get around the pessimistic induction, to fall between scientific realism and instrumentalism, and to explain the success of scientific theories. I raise the following two objections to it. First, it is not clear whether minimal realism lies between realism and instrumentalism, given that minimal realism does not entail instrumentalism. Second, it is not clear whether minimal realism can explain the success of scientific theories, given that it is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. added 2017-10-05
    Rejecting Mathematical Realism While Accepting Interactive Realism.Seungbae Park - 2018 - Analysis and Metaphysics 17:7-21.
    Indispensablists contend that accepting scientific realism while rejecting mathematical realism involves a double standard. I refute this contention by developing an enhanced version of scientific realism, which I call interactive realism. It holds that interactively successful theories are typically approximately true, and that the interactive unobservable entities posited by them are likely to exist. It is immune to the pessimistic induction while mathematical realism is susceptible to it.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. added 2017-09-14
    Realizm zreformowany. Filozofia Iana Hackinga a spór o status poznawczy wiedzy naukowej.Mateusz Kotowski - 2016 - Wrocław: Oficyna Naukowa PFF.
  15. added 2017-09-11
    A Metaphysics For Scientific Realism: Knowing The Unobservable, By Anjan Chakravartty. [REVIEW]Toby Handfield - 2009 - Mind 118 (472):1118-1121.
  16. added 2017-06-29
    New Realism as Positive Realism.Maurizio Ferraris - 2014 - Meta:172-213.
    In this essay I try to give some overall statements in order to show that new realism is to be understood as a kind of positive philosophy. Against constructivism, I argue that there is a prevalence of the objects themselves on our understanding of them because reality offers a resistance to our attempt to grasp it depending on its level of dependence from our own understanding, which is different in the case of natural objects, ideal object and social object . (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. added 2017-06-29
    Don Ross, James Ladyman, and Harold Kincaid: Scientific Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Cord Friebe - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (2):387-391.
    Scientific Metaphysics is a collection of essays in which prominent philosophers of science explore how metaphysics looks like that is judged by scientific standards. Common to all chapters is the requirement that scientific results and methods should be applied to metaphysical puzzle solving and, hence, the skepticism about philosophical reasoning that is based on the analysis of common-sense concepts and appeals to intuitions and a priori knowledge. It is, however, controversial what exactly naturalistic metaphysics might be, since at present there (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. added 2017-06-29
    Between Realism and Rortianism.Cora Diamond - 2014 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 21:56-75.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. added 2017-06-29
    Kitcher’s Modest Realism: The Reconceptualization of Scientific Objectivity.Antonio Dieguez - 2010 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):141-169.
    In Science, Truth, and Democracy (2001a), Kitcher moderates the strongest ontological realist thesis he defended in The Advancement of Science (1993a), with the aim of making compatible the correspondence theory of truth with conceptual relativity. However, it is not clear that both things could be harmonized. If our knowledge of the world is mediated by our categories and concepts; if the selection of these categories and concepts may vary according to our interests, and they are not the consequence of the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. added 2017-06-29
    Introduction to the Special Issue: Postcolonialism, Realism, and Critical Realism.Radha D'Souza - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):263-275.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. added 2017-06-29
    A Pragmatic Case Against Pragmatic Scientific Realism.Wang-Yen Lee - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (2):299-313.
    Pragmatic Scientific Realism (PSR) urges us to take up the realist aim or the goal of truth although we have good reason to think that the goal can neither be attained nor approximated. While Newton-Smith thinks that pursuing what we know we cannot achieve is clearly irrational, Rescher disagrees and contends that pursuing an unreachable goal can be rational on pragmatic grounds—if in pursuing the unreachable goal one can get indirect benefits. I have blocked this attempt at providing a pragmatic (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. added 2017-06-29
    A Different Conception of Scientific Realism: The Case for the Missing Explananda.James Deri - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy 100 (5):243-267.
  23. added 2017-06-29
    A Different Conception of Scientific Realism.James Derden - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy 100 (5):243-267.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. added 2017-06-29
    Steve Clarke, Metaphysics and the Disunity of Scientific Knowledge. [REVIEW]A. Chalmers - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (3):381.
  25. added 2017-06-29
    Review. The Scientific Realism of Rom Harre. Anthony A Derksen(Ed).C. Hooker - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):647-653.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. added 2017-06-29
    Aristotle and Modern Realism.David Charles - 1995 - In Robert Heinaman (ed.), Aristotle and Moral Realism. Westview Press. pp. 135--172.
  27. added 2017-06-29
    Science: Realism, Criticism, History.James Farr - 1991 - In Terrell Carver (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Marx. Cambridge University Press. pp. 106--123.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. added 2017-06-29
    Is Bhaskar's Realism Realistic.Alan Chalmers - 1988 - Radical Philosophy 49:18-23.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  29. added 2017-06-29
    How to Be Realistic About Folk Psychology.George Graham & Terence E. Horgan - 1988 - Philosophical Psychology 1 (1):69-81.
    Folk psychological realism is the view that folk psychology is true and that people really do have propositional attitudes, whereas anti-realism is the view that folk psychology is false and people really do not have propositional attitudes. We argue that anti-realism is not worthy of acceptance and that realism is eminently worthy of acceptance. However, it is plainly epistemically possible to favor either of two forms of folk realism: scientific or non-scientific. We argue that non-scientific realism, while perhaps unpopular among (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  30. added 2017-06-29
    Realism and Freethinking in Metaphysics.Alan Donagan - 1976 - Theoria 42 (1-3):1-19.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2017-06-29
    Philosophy and Scientific Realism.George Dickie - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (1):138.
    During the past few years, Smart has published a series of provocative articles in which he has argued for a "tough-Minded" scientific materialism. In this book, Which makes use of the articles and combines them with new material, He boldly defends the possibility of a synthetic philosophy which attempts to think clearly and comprehensively about the nature of the universe and the principles of conduct. Starting with a critique of phenomenalism, He argues that the physicist's picture of the world is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. added 2017-06-29
    "Philosophy and Scientific Realism," by J. J. C. Smart.Maurice R. Holloway - 1964 - Modern Schoolman 42 (1):122-122.
  33. added 2017-06-29
    Toward a Perspective Realism.Evander Bradley McGilvary - 1956 - La Salle, Ill., Open Court Pub. Co..
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34. added 2017-06-29
    Abstraction and Moderate Realism.F. G. Connolly - 1953 - New Scholasticism 27 (1):72-90.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2017-06-29
    Possible Forms of Realism.Durant Drake - 1931 - Philosophical Review 40 (6):511-521.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. added 2017-06-29
    New Realism and Old Reality.D. Luther Evans - 1928 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  37. added 2017-06-27
    Forms of Realism.Roy Bhaskar - 1975 - Philosophica 15.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. added 2017-02-27
    Economics for Real. Uskali Mäki and the Place of Truth in Economics, Edited by Aki Lehtinen, Jaakko Kuorikoski and Petri Ylikoski. Routledge, 2012, Xiii+ 280 Pages. [REVIEW]Roberto Fumagalli - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):283-289.
  39. added 2017-02-15
    The Contribution of Critical Realism as an Underpinning Philosophy for OR/MS and Systems.John Mingers - unknown
    Many issues are under debate as to the philosophical nature of OR/MS: is it science or technology? Is it natural or social science? Can it be realist as well as being interpretivist? There are also many debates within the philosophy of science itself. This paper proposes that a particular account of the philosophy of science, known as 'critical realism', is especially suitable as an underpinning of OR/MS. The structure of the argument of this paper is to outline the main positions (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. added 2017-02-13
    Realismus in Duhems Naturgemässer klassifikationRealism in Duhem's Natural Classification.Alex Burri - 1996 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (2):203-213.
    Realism in Duhem's Natural Classification. Pierre Duhem is an outstanding exponent of empiricism. According to the empiricist view scientific laws and theories merely describe formal relations between observable phenomena. Duhems' important notion of natural classification is intended to explain the predictive success of science. I shall argue that it can only be interpreted realistically. Besides the success of science, two further arguments are put forward in favor of realism: the fact that laws of nature are necessary, and the extension of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. added 2017-02-11
    Saving Critical Realism.Rom Harré - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):129-143.
    Critical Realism aims to be both philosophically sophisticated and morally forward looking. Unfortunately the accepted form that this point of view has taken is flawed in both these aims. However, close attention to realist formats in science and the constraints that are required to give a social psychological application of them makes possible a revision of the Critical Realist scheme strengthening its scientific claim and removing certain moral ambiguities in its applications. What follows is a schematic outline for an alternative (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  42. added 2017-02-11
    Critical Realism.Andrew Collier - 1990 - International Studies in Philosophy 20 (2):120-122.
    A review article on two books by Roy Bhaskar: Reclaiming Reality: A Critical Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy (London: Verso, 1989), & The Possibility of Naturalism: A Philosophical Critique of the Human Sciences (2nd Edition, Harvester Wheatsheaf: London, 1989 see listings in IRPS No. 56). Bhaskar portrays critical realism as insisting on "the primacy of being over knowledge" & argues for the emancipatory consequences of this position. His philosophy distinguishes between intransitive & transitive domains & between open & closed systems, & (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  43. added 2017-02-08
    On the Implications of Critical Realist Underlabouring: A Response to Heikki Patomaki's 'After Critical Realism?'.Nick Hostettler - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (1):89-103.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44. added 2017-02-07
    'Orthodox' Critical Realism and the Critical Realist Embrace.Mervyn Hartwig - 2009 - Journal of Critical Realism 8 (2):233-257.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  45. added 2017-02-07
    Critical Realism and Critical Philosophy.Justin Cruickshank - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):49-66.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46. added 2017-02-01
    Models, Idealisations, and Realism.Juha Saatsi - 2016 - In F. Sterpetti, E. Ippoloti & T. Nickles (eds.), Models and Inferences in Science. Springer.
    I explore a challenge that idealisations pose to scientific realism and argue that the realist can best accommodate idealisations by capitalising on certain modal features of idealised models that are underwritten by laws of nature.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. added 2017-02-01
    Perspectival Realism and Incompatible Models.Alexander Rueger - 2016 - Axiomathes 26 (4):401-410.
    I discuss the prospects of perspectival realism for resolving the problem of incompatible models or theories in scientific practice. My diagnosis is that the perspectivist can secure the ‘realism’ in her position only by employing suitable relations between the models. It is such relations that do the work, not the general philosophical claim about the perspectival nature of knowledge claims. But appeal to such relations has also been the preferred strategy of scientific realist approaches to the problem. With respect to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. added 2017-02-01
    Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology.Robert Arp, Barry Smith & Andrew D. Spear - 2015 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    In the era of “big data,” science is increasingly information driven, and the potential for computers to store, manage, and integrate massive amounts of data has given rise to such new disciplinary fields as biomedical informatics. Applied ontology offers a strategy for the organization of scientific information in computer-tractable form, drawing on concepts not only from computer and information science but also from linguistics, logic, and philosophy. This book provides an introduction to the field of applied ontology that is of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49. added 2017-02-01
    3 NOA and the Vices of the Realism Debate.Matthias Egg - 2014 - In Scientific Realism in Particle Physics: A Causal Approach. De Gruyter. pp. 33-46.
  50. added 2017-02-01
    Realism, and Modern Physics.Michael Friedman - 2013 - In Don Ross, James Ladyman & Harold Kincaid (eds.), Scientific Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 182.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 189