Virtue Ethics

Edited by Jason Kawall (Colgate University)
About this topic
Key works The essential work inspiring much of the virtue ethics tradition is Aristotle 1998.  Many consider David Hume 1751 and Adam Smith 1759) to provide important, sentimentalist virtue ethics in the early modern period.  Contemporary interest in virtue ethics is often traced to Elizabeth Anscombe's [Anscombe 1958: Modern Moral Philosophy 1958.  In the following decades key contemporary works appeared including Foot 1978, Pincoffs 1971, w#, Hursthouse, Slote, Swanton
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  1. Virtues and Vices.Aristóteles - 2009 - Discusiones Filosóficas 10 (14):133-145.
  2. Swanton and Nietzsche on Self-Love.Ruth Abbey - 2015 - Journal of Value Inquiry 49 (3):387-403.
  3. Swanton, Christine. The Virtue Ethics of Hume & Nietzsche. [REVIEW]Mark Alfano - 2016 - Ethics 126 (4):1120-1124.
    This book has a noble aim: to free virtue ethics from the grip of the neo-Aristotelianism that limits its scope in contemporary Anglophone philosophy. Just as there are deontological views that are not Kant’s or even Kantian, just as there are consequentialist views that are not Bentham’s or even utilitarian, so, Swanton contends, there are viable virtue ethical views that are not Aristotle’s or even Aristotelian. Indeed, the history of both Eastern and Western philosophy suggests that the majority of normative (...)
  4. Value-Education: A Sociological Perspective.Nk Ambasht - 2002 - In Kireet Joshi (ed.), Philosophy of Value-Oriented Education: Theory and Practice: Proceedings of the National Seminar, 18-20 January, 2002. Indian Council of Philosophical Research. pp. 165.
  5. Natureza humana, dever moral e finalidade do Estado em Maquiavel.José Luiz Ames - 2006 - Reflexão 31 (90):63-70.
    Partimos do estudo na noção de homem presente no pensamento de Maquiavel para estabelecer a idéia de Estado e sua relação com a ética. Existe, quanto a esta questão, uma vasta polêmica na tradição interpretativa e que podemos reduzir a duas perspectivas fundamentais. Primeira: Maquiavel compreende a natureza humana como corrompida de forma definitiva, o que transforma o Estado em instrumento puramente coator da malevolência humana. Nesta ótica, não há espaço para pensar em finalidades éticas do Estado. Segunda: mesmo partindo (...)
  6. The Cannibal Virtue.Celso Martins Azar Filho - 2007 - In Corinne Noirot-Maguire & Valérie M. Dionne (eds.), Revelations of Character: Ethos, Rhetoric, and Moral Philosophy in Montaigne. Cambridge Scholars Press.
  7. Ethical Experience and the Motives for Practical Rationality. Barber - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):425-441.
    John McDowell’s ethical writings interpret ethical experience as intentional, socially-conditioned, virtuous responsiveness to situations and develop a modest account of practical rationality. His work converges with investigations of ethical experience by recent Kant scholars and Emmanuel Levinas. The Kantian interpreters and Levinas locate the categorical demands of ethical experience in rational agents’ demands for respect, while McDowell finds it in noble adherence to the demands of virtuous living. For McDowell, moral-practical rational efforts to justify ethics cannot transcend one’s form of (...)
  8. Towards a Constructivist Eudaemonism.Robert Bass - 2004 - Dissertation, Bowling Green State University
    Eudaemonism is the common structure of the family of theories in which the central moral conception is eudaemonia , understood as "living well" or "having a good life." In its best form, the virtues are understood as constitutive and therefore essential means to achieving or having such a life. What I seek to do is to lay the groundwork for an approach to eudaemonism grounded in practical reason, and especially in instrumental reasoning, rather than in natural teleology. In the first (...)
  9. La Naturaleza y El Bien: Una Exploración Del Naturalismo Ético Antiguo En El De Finibus de Cicerón.Juan Pablo Bermúdez-Rey - 2011 - Pensamiento y Cultura 14.
    Este ensayo explora las diferencias entre el naturalismo ético griego antiguo y el moderno, através de la presentación de la tradición clásica ofrecida por Cicerón en su De finibus bonorum et malorum. Desdelas observaciones de Hume al respecto, es usual sostener que las derivaciones de aserciones normativasa partir de aserciones descriptivas requieren algún tipo de justificación adecuada. Esta es una búsqueda dela presencia de tales justificaciones en las teorías éticas epicúrea, estoica y académico-peripatética y, tras alcanzar una conclusión negativa, sostengo (...)
  10. Úvod do etiky ctnosti: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism. [REVIEW]Andrea Blaščíková - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (1):109-111.
  11. Etica delle virtù. Un'introduzione.Angelo Campodonico, Michel Croce & Maria Silvia Vaccarezza - 2017 - Rome, Italy: Carocci Editore.
    ll volume è la prima trattazione in lingua italiana, introduttiva ma il più possibile completa e aggiornata, dell’Etica delle virtù (Virtue Ethics), una corrente dell’etica contemporanea ancora poco conosciuta e coltivata nell’Europa continentale, che pone al suo centro proprio la nozione di virtù. Nonostante questo termine non sia oggi particolarmente usato e apprezzato sul piano del linguaggio comune, l’interesse che esso ha suscitato da qualche decennio permette di presentare la Virtue Ethics come un vero e proprio filone dell’etica contemporanea con (...)
  12. Foundations of Moral Selfhood.Gerard Casey - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (4):877-878.
  13. Connecting Virtues: Introduction.Michel Croce & Maria Silvia Vaccarezza - 2018 - Metaphilosophy 49 (3):191-203.
    This article introduces the special issue “Connecting Virtues,” which aims to advance virtue theory by bringing into a conversation works on the virtues in epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy. The collection covers several key themes within virtue theory. It includes ground‐breaking articles offering original solutions to long‐standing issues in virtue theory, such as the plausibility of different lists of virtues, the relationship between virtues and their opposing vices and the connection between moral and intellectual virtues. In addition, the collection offers (...)
  14. Virtues and Their Vices.H. J. Curzer - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (258):108-113.
  15. The New Atheism: Its Virtues and its Vices.Brian Davies - 2011 - New Blackfriars 92 (1037):18-34.
  16. Senses of Humor as Political Virtues.Phillip Deen - 2018 - Metaphilosophy 49 (3):371-387.
    This article discusses whether a sense of humor is a political virtue. It argues that a sense of humor is conducive to the central political virtues. We must first, however, delineate different types of humor (benevolent or malicious) and the different political virtues (sociability, prudence, and justice) to which they correspond. Generally speaking, a sense of humor is politically virtuous when it encourages good will toward fellow citizens, an awareness of the limits of power, and a tendency not to take (...)
  17. Review: Reviews. [REVIEW]N. J. H. Dent - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (222):563 - 565.
  18. Symbols and Modesty Blaise'.Raymond Durgnat - 1968 - Cinema 1:2-7.
  19. Review: Reviews. [REVIEW]Anthony Ellis - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (222):551 - 553.
  20. Consumerism, Marketing, and the Cardinal Virtues.Chad Engelland & Brian Engelland - 2016 - Journal of Markets and Morality 19 (Fall):297-315.
    The tendency for consumers to over-indulge in purchase activities has been analyzed and discussed since the time of Plato, yet consumerism in today’s marketplace has become increasingly more prominent and pernicious. In this conceptual paper, we examine consumerism and discuss the four ways in which consumerism can undermine individuals and society. We then apply the four cardinal virtues - moderation, courage, justice and prudence - and describe how these virtues can be implemented by consumers and producers so as to result (...)
  21. Applied Psychology and Virtue.Ruby Fay - 1937 - New Blackfriars 18 (207):449-456.
  22. Virtue and Ignorance.Owen Flanagan - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (8):420.
  23. James Delaney, Rousseau and the Ethics of Virtue. [REVIEW]José-Roman Flecha - 2008 - Ethical Perspectives 15 (1):133-134.
  24. Virtues and Vices.Philippa Foot - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Noûs. Georgetown University Press. pp. 163--177.
    'Foot stands out among contemporary ethical theorists because of her conviction that virtues and vices are more central ethical notions than rights, duties, justice, or consequences - the primary focus of most other contemporary theorists. This volume brings together a dozen essays published between 1957 and 1977, and includes two new ones as well. In the first, Foot argues explicitly for an ethic of virtue, and in the next five discusses abortion, euthanasia, free will/determination, and the ethics of Hume and (...)
  25. Ethical Theory Character and Virtue.Peter A. French, Theodore Edward Uehling & Howard K. Wettstein - 1988
  26. Julia Driver, Uneasy Virtue.J. M. Greenberg - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (2):271-274.
  27. Freedom, Virtue, and the Common Good. [REVIEW]Louis Groarke - 2001 - Maritain Studies/Etudes Maritainiennes 17:130-131.
  28. Care Ethics and Virtue Ethics.Raja Halwani - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (3):161-192.
    The paper argues that care ethics should be subsumed under virtue ethics by construing care as an important virtue. Doing so allows us to achieve two desirable goals. First, we preserve what is important about care ethics. Second, we avoid two important objections to care ethics, namely, that it neglects justice, and that it contains no mechanism by which care can be regulated so as not to be become morally corrupt.
  29. Han Fei on the Problem of Morality.Eirik Lang Harris - 2013 - In Paul R. Goldin (ed.), Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Han Fei. Springer.
    In much of pre-Qin political philosophy, including those thinkers usually labeled Confucian, Daoist, or Mohist, at least part of the justification of the political state comes from their views on morality, and the vision of the good ruler was quite closely tied to the vision of the good person. In an important sense, for these thinkers, political philosophy is an exercise in applied ethics. Han Fei, however, offers an interesting break from this tradition, arguing that, given the vastly different goals (...)
  30. The Role of Virtue in Xunzi's 荀子 Political Philosophy.Eirik Lang Harris - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (1):93-110.
    Although there has been a resurgence of interest in virtue ethics, there has been little work done on how this translates into the political sphere. This essay demonstrates that the Confucian thinker Xunzi offers a model of virtue politics that is both interesting in its own right and potentially useful for scholars attempting to develop virtue ethics into virtue politics more generally. I present Xunzi’s version of virtue politics and discuss challenges to this version of virtue politics that are raised (...)
  31. A Theory of Virtue.Jereme B. Hudson - 2008 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (3):605-606.
  32. Julia Driver, Uneasy Virtue:Uneasy Virtue.Lester H. Hunt - 2003 - Ethics 114 (1):167-170.
  33. Han Feizi's Criticism of Confucianism and its Implications for Virtue Ethics.Eric Hutton - 2008 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (3):423-453.
    Several scholars have recently proposed that Confucianism should be regarded as a form of virtue ethics. This view offers new approaches to understanding not only Confucian thinkers, but also their critics within the Chinese tradition. For if Confucianism is a form of virtue ethics, we can then ask to what extent Chinese criticisms of it parallel criticisms launched against contemporary virtue ethics, and what lessons for virtue ethics in general might be gleaned from the challenges to Confucianism in particular. This (...)
  34. The Virtue of Smallness.Bill Kauffman - 1993 - The Chesterton Review 19 (2):281-282.
  35. Virtues and Their Vices.Timpe Kevin & Boyd Craig (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    A comprehensive philosophical treatment of the virtues and their competing vices. The first four sections focus on historical classes of virtue: the cardinal virtues, the capital vices and the corrective virtues, intellectual virtues, and the theological virtues. A final section discusses the role of virtue theory in a number of disciplines.
  36. The McCarthyites of Virtue.Paul Kurtz - 1998 - Free Inquiry 19.
  37. Reviewed Work: Man as Man: The Science and Art of Ethics by Thomas J. Higgins. [REVIEW]H. A. L. - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (7):191-192.
  38. Buddhism and the Virtues.Matthew MacKenzie - 2017 - In The Oxford Handbook of Virtue. Oxford, UK:
    This chapter presents an overview and discussion of the primary Buddhist virtues within the context of the Buddhist path of moral and spiritual development. Buddhist ethics counsels practitioners to overcome the three poisons of greed, hatred, and ignorance and to cultivate those states and traits of mind (and the actions they motivate) that conduce to the genuine happiness and spiritual freedom of oneself and others. The chapter will discuss the four immeasurable states of loving-kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity. It (...)
  39. Chapter 3. The Seeds of a Lawyerly Virtue.Daniel Markovits - 2010 - In A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age. Princeton University Press. pp. 79-100.
  40. Martial Virtues or Capital Vices.Jane Roland Martin - 1987 - Journal of Thought 22:32-44.
  41. The Virtues of Sharing.Nancy J. Matchett - 1998 - Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
    In "The Virtues of Sharing" I defend two central theses: that sharing is our most overarching ethical ideal, and that virtue ethics is able to serve as a comprehensive and free-standing approach to moral theory. My arguments for these theses are intertwined, because they are also designed to show how a virtue-ethical theory that treats the "Will to Share" as the basis of moral agency helps to resolve the contemporary Justice/Care Debate.
  42. Virtues and Vices.J. McDowell - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics. Georgetown University Press. pp. 141--162.
  43. Virtue and Reason.John McDowell - 1979 - The Monist 62 (3):331-350.
  44. Humility and the African Ethic of Ubuntu.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Mark Alfano (ed.), Handbook on the Philosophy of Humility. Routledge.
    An analysis of the value of humility in the light of characteristically African values, particularly those associated with the southern African ethic of ubuntu.
  45. The Ethics of Border Guarding: A First Exploration and a Research Agenda for the Future.Peter Olsthoorn - 2018 - Ethics and Education 13 (2):1-15.
    Although the notion of universal human rights allows for the idea that states (and supranational organizations such as the European Union) can, or even should, control and impose restrictions on migration, both notions clearly do not sit well together. The ensuing tension manifests itself in our ambivalent attitude towards migration, but also affects the border guards who have to implement national and supranational policies on migration. Little has been written on the ethics that has to guide these border guards in (...)
  46. Honor in Political and Moral Philosophy.Peter Olsthoorn - 2015 - State University of New York Press.
    In this history of the development of ideas of honor in Western philosophy, Peter Olsthoorn examines what honor is, how its meaning has changed, and whether it can still be of use. Political and moral philosophers from Cicero to John Stuart Mill thought that a sense of honor and concern for our reputation could help us to determine the proper thing to do, and just as important, provide us with the much-needed motive to do it. Today, outside of the military (...)
  47. Kant’s Theory of Virtue: The Value of Autocracy. [REVIEW]Mark Piper - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (3):412-415.
  48. Virtues and Vices.Jean Porter - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press.
  49. Virtue.Jean Porter - 2007 - In Gilbert Meilaender & William Werpehowski (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Theological Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  50. Hume’s Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Psychology.Philip Reed & Rico Vitz - forthcoming - Routledge.
    Recent work at the intersection of moral philosophy and the philosophy of psychology has dealt mostly with Aristotelian virtue ethics. The dearth of scholarship that engages with Hume’s moral philosophy, however, is both noticeable and peculiar. Hume's Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Psychology demonstrates how Hume’s moral philosophy comports with recent work from the empirical sciences and moral psychology. It shows how contemporary work in virtue ethics has much stronger similarities to the metaphysically thin conception of human nature that Hume developed, (...)
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