Virtue Ethics

Edited by Jason Kawall (Colgate University)
About this topic
Key works The essential work inspiring much of the virtue ethics tradition is Aristotle & Ostwald 1962.  Many consider David Hume 1751 and Adam Smith 1759) to provide important, sentimentalist virtue ethics in the early modern period.  Contemporary interest in virtue ethics is often traced to Elizabeth Anscombe's [Anscombe 1958: Modern Moral Philosophy 1958.  In the following decades key contemporary works appeared including Foot 1978, Pincoffs 1971, w#, Hursthouse, Slote, Swanton
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  1. Vicious Trauma: Race, Bodies and the Confounding of Virtue Ethics in Advance.M. Therese Lysaught & Cory D. Mitchell - forthcoming - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics.
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  2. Playfulness Versus Epistemic Traps.C. Thi Nguyen - 2022 - In Mark Alfano, Colin Klein & Jeroen de Ridder (eds.), Social Virtue Epistemology. Routledge.
    What is the value of intellectual playfulness? Traditional characterizations of the ideal thinker often leave out playfulness; the ideal inquirer is supposed to be sober, careful, and conscientiousness. But elsewhere we find another ideal: the laughing sage, the playful thinker. These are models of intellectual playfulness. Intellectual playfulness, I suggest, is the disposition to try out alternate belief systems for fun – to try on radically different perspectives for the sheer pleasure of it. But what would the cog-nitive value be (...)
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  3. Moral Enhancement, Acquired Virtue, and Theism: A Response to Brummett and Crutchfield.Nicholas Colgrove, Derek McAllister & Burke Rea - 2022 - Bioethics 1 (Online First):1-8.
    Recently, Brummett and Crutchfield advanced two critiques of theists who object to moral enhancement. First, a conceptual critique: theists who oppose moral enhancement commonly do so because virtue is thought to be acquired only via a special kind of process. Enhancement does not involve such processes. Hence, enhancement cannot produce virtue. Yet theists also commonly claim that God is perfectly virtuous and not subject to processes. If virtue requires a process and God is perfectly virtuous without a process, however, then (...)
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  4. Holly, Marilyn, "Environmental Virtue Ethics A Review of Some Current Work: Newton, Lisa (2002). Ethics and Sustai.Marilyn Holly - forthcoming - Ethics and Sustainability: Sustainable Development and the Moral Life.
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  5. Environmental Virtue Ethics.Ronald Sandler - 2013 - In The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Hoboken, New Jersey: Blackwell Publishing. pp. 1665–1674.
    Environmental ethics is the study of the ethical relationships between human beings and the natural environment, including the nonhuman individuals that populate and constitute it. It involves developing a proper understanding of the human–nature relationship, identifying the goods and values that are part of or emerge from that relationship, determining the norms that those goods and values justify, and applying those norms to generate guidance on environmental issues and interactions. Environmental virtue ethics is that part of environmental ethics that concerns (...)
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  6. How Should We Respond to Climate Change? Virtue Ethics and Aggregation Problems.Dominic Lenzi - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  7. Virtue Ethics and Moore's Criticisms of Naturalism.Brandon Thomas Byrd - unknown
    Several contemporary virtue ethicists have provided systematic presentations of normative virtue ethics. The virtue ethical literature, however, does not contain much information on the meta-ethical roots of virtue theories. The present paper seeks to address this deficiency by examining the neo-Aristotelianism of Rosalind Hursthouse in an effort to ascertain what meta-ethical commitments are most consistent with her theory; these commitments are shown to be cognitivism, objectivism, and naturalism. These positions are then put into dialogue with Moore’s seminal metaethical arguments against (...)
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  8. The Promise and Limits of Natural Normativity in a Neo-Aristotelian Virtue Ethics.Timothy J. Clewell - unknown
    In this thesis I distinguish between two conceptions of naturalism that have been offered as possible starting points for a virtue based ethics. The first version of naturalism is characterized by Philippa Foot’s project in Natural Goodness. The second version of naturalism can be found, in various forms, among the works of John McDowell, Martha Nussbaum, and Rosalind Hursthouse. I argue that neither naturalistic approach is entirely successful on its own, but that we can fruitfully carve a path between both (...)
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  9. Hartman's Quandary: Reconciling Pluralism and Realism for Virtue Ethics in Business.Nisigandha Bhuyan & Arunima Chakraborty - forthcoming - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility.
    Business Ethics, the Environment & Responsibility, EarlyView.
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  10. Virtue Ethics, Bioethics, and the Ownership of Biological Material.Barbro Björkman - 2008 - Dissertation, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
    The overall aim of this thesis is to show how some ideas in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics can be interpreted and used as a productive way to approach a number of pressing issues in bioethics. Articles I-II introduce, and endorse, a social constructivist perspective on rights. It is investigated if the existence of property-like rights to biological material would include the moral right to commodification and even commercialisation. Articles III-V discuss similar questions and more specifically champion the application of an Aristotelian (...)
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  11. A Taste of Armageddon: A Virtue Ethics Perspective on Autonomous Weapons and Moral Injury.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio, Jai Christian Galliott & Fady Shibata Alnajjar - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):19-38.
    Autonomous weapon systems could in principle release military personnel from the onus of killing during combat missions, reducing the related risk of suffering a moral injury and its debilita...
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  12. Philosophical Foundations for the Study of Wisdom.Jason Swartwood - 2022 - In Robert Sternberg and Judith Glück (ed.), The Psychology of Wisdom: An Introduction. pp. 15 - 34.
    A person with practical wisdom reliably grasps how to live and conduct themselves. But what is practical wisdom, how can we get it, and how can we study it? This chapter will introduce some prominent philosophical arguments and answers to these questions. After distinguishing practical wisdom from other types of wisdom, the chapter explains why studying wisdom requires combining both philosophy and empirical science. To illustrate the contribution of philosophy, the chapter describes a core philosophical conception of wisdom and invites (...)
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  13. Public Health Virtue Ethics.Kathryn MacKay - 2022 - Public Health Ethics 15 (1):1-10.
    This paper proposes that public health is the sort of institution that has a role in producing structures of virtue in society. This proposal builds upon work that describes how virtues are structured by the practices of institutions, at the collective or whole-of-society level. This work seeks to fill a gap in public health ethics when it comes to virtues. Mainstay moral theories tend to incorporate some role for virtues, but within public health ethics this role has not been fully (...)
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  14. Rage Against the Machine: The Virtues of Anger in Response to Oppression.Jennifer Kling - 2020 - In Courtland Lewis & Gregory L. Bock (eds.), The Ethics of Anger. New York, NY, USA: pp. 199-213.
    Oppression makes me angry. So, I am angry almost all of the time, as oppression (of various kinds) is endemic to our socio-political world. However, there is a growing philosophical literature that argues against anger as a necessary, virtuous, or important response to wrongdoing. Martha Nussbaum, in particular, argues that “anger is always normatively problematic, whether in the personal or in the public realm.” It is certainly true that anger can have bad or problematic effects, and it may well be (...)
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  15. Review of Environmental Virtue Ethics. [REVIEW]Patrick R. Frierson - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (2):258-261.
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  16. Practical Structure and Moral Skill.Joshua Shepherd - 2022 - Philosophical Quarterly 72 (3):713-732.
    I argue that moral skill is limited and precarious. It is limited because global moral skill—the capacity for morally excellent behaviour within an über action domain, such as the domain of living, or of all-things-considered decisions, or the same kind of capacity applied across a superset of more specific action domains—is not to be found in humans. It is precarious because relatively local moral skill, while possible, is prone to misfire. My arguments depend upon the diversity of practical structures confronting (...)
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  17. 16. Kant’s Virtue Ethics.Robert B. Louden - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 286-299.
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  18. 14. Contemporary Virtue Ethics and Aristotle.Peter Simpson - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 245-259.
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  19. 5. Virtue Ethics and the Emotions.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 99-117.
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  20. 1. Introduction to Virtue Ethics.Daniel Statman - 1997 - In Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 1-41.
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  21. 11. Virtue Ethics: A Qualified Success Story.Phillip Montague - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 194-204.
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  22. 6. Emotional Identification, Closeness and Size: Some Contributions to Virtue Ethics.Michael Stocker - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 118-127.
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  23. 4. Virtue Ethics and Satisficing Rationality.Christine Swanton - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 82-98.
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  24. 10. On Some Vices o F Virtue Ethics.Robert B. Louden - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 180-193.
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  25. 9. Internal Objections to Virtue Ethics.David Solomon - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 165-179.
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  26. 2. What is Virtue Ethics All About?Gregory Velazco & Trianosky Velazco - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 42-55.
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  27. 15. Does Aristotle Have a Virtue Ethics?Gerasimos X. Santas - 1997 - In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader. Georgetown University Press. pp. 260-285.
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  28. Virtue, Happiness, and Emotion.Antti Kauppinen - forthcoming - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum.
    Philosophers have tried very hard to show that we must be virtuous to be happy. But as long as we stick to the modern understanding of happiness as something experienced by a subject – and I argue against contemporary eudaimonists that we should indeed do so – there can at best exist a contingent causal connection between virtue and happiness. Nevertheless, we have good reason to think that being virtuous is non-accidentally conducive to happiness. Why? First, happiness is roughly the (...)
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  29. Imaginative virtue ethics: A transportation-transcendental approach.Surendra Arjoon & Meena Rambocas - 2022 - International Journal of Ethics Education 7 (1):35-51.
    Several authors have argued that virtue ethics needs to adopt a more realistic moral psychology in proposing a more effective way for teaching and learning. In response to this appeal, our paper explores the development of an Imaginative Virtue Ethics Transportation-Transcendental Experiential Approach based on the Aristotelian-Thomistic Mind–Body Theory. It also appears that many educators who use an Aristotelian-Thomistic virtue ethics as a teaching and learning platform may be unaware of the theoretical underpinnings especially with regards to the understanding of (...)
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  30. Profilo: Bernard Williams.Francesco Testini - 2020 - Aphex 22:1-33.
    In questo saggio traccio un profilo del pensiero di Bernard Williams, concentrandomi su temi relativi alla filosofia morale e, più nello specifico, ricostruendo la sua disamina dell’idea di oggettività in questa disciplina. Dopo aver esaminato le sue critiche all’idea di teoria etica normativa, offro un inquadramento metaetico della sua posizione e concludo mostrando le sue affinità con la riflessione etica degli antichi Greci e, in particolar modo, di Aristotele.
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  31. Caring animals and care ethics.Birte Wrage - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37.
    Are there nonhuman animals who behave morally? In this paper I answer this question in the affirmative by applying the framework of care ethics to the animal morality debate. According to care ethics, empathic care is the wellspring of morality in humans. While there have been several suggestive analyses of nonhuman animals as empathic, much of the literature within the animal morality debate has marginalized analyses from the perspective of care ethics. In this paper I examine care ethics to extract (...)
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  32. Virtuous People and Moral Reasons.Julia Annas - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-12.
    Do we have a unified pre-theoretical concept of morality? This paper makes a start on the larger argument that we do not, by countering criticisms of virtue ethics on the ground that it does not adequately capture such a pre-theoretical concept. One criticism is discussed and met, namely that the reasons on which virtuous people act fail to have the special force of moral reasons.
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  33. Reply to Six Critics (Tentative Title).Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - African Philosophical Inquiry.
    Responses to six contributors to a special issue edited by Adeshina Afolayan and devoted to A Relational Moral Theory: African Ethics in and Beyond the Continent.
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  34. Malleable Character: Organizational Behavior Meets Virtue Ethics and Situationism.Santiago Mejia & Joshua August Skorburg - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-29.
    This paper introduces a body of research on Organizational Behavior and Industrial/Organizational Psychology (OB/IO) that expands the range of empirical evidence relevant to the ongoing character-situation debate. This body of research, mostly neglected by moral philosophers, provides important insights to move the debate forward. First, the OB/IO scholarship provides empirical evidence to show that social environments like organizations have significant power to shape the character traits of their members. This scholarship also describes some of the mechanisms through which this process (...)
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  35. What Does Character Education Mean to Character Education Experts? A Prototype Analysis of Expert Opinions.Robert E. McGrath, Hyemin Han, Mitch Brown & Peter Meindl - 2022 - Journal of Moral Education 51 (2):219-237.
    Having an agreed-upon definition of character education would be useful for both researchers and practitioners in the field. However, even experts in character education disagree on how they would define it. We attempted to achieve greater conceptual clarity on this issue through a prototype analysis in which the features perceived as most central to character education were identified. In Study 1 (N = 77), we asked character education experts to enumerate features of character education. Based on these lists, we identified (...)
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  36. El criterio del placer en las leyes v 733a-734e.José Antonio Giménez - 2021 - Méthexis 1 (33):80-101.
    In Book v of Plato's Laws, he defends that a virtuous life is better than a vicious one, based on the idea that the former involves more pleasure than the latter (733a-734e). The use of this kind of argumentation seems to contradict other passages of the Laws, in which it will be objected that pleasure can work as a criterion of election. This essay aims to show that this recourse does not presuppose any kind of hedonism. In order to prove (...)
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  37. High-Fidelity Experiments, Situationism, and the Measurement of Virtue.Matthew Wilson - 2022 - Journal of Value Inquiry 56 (2):263-281.
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  38. Pieter Vos, Longing for the Good Life: Virtue Ethics After Protestantism.Robert van Putten - 2021 - Philosophia Reformata 86 (2):254-257.
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  39. Richard Kraut, The Quality of Life: Aristotle Revised.Nicholas M. Sparks - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 19 (2):217-220.
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  40. Virtue Developmental Considerations of Mindfulness.Sabrina B. Little - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-16.
    Mindfulness is an umbrella term for a set of practices and strategies related to attention and non-critical awareness of our thoughts. Mindfulness is currently having a moment in popular culture and in clinical psychology for its many perceived benefits. However, there are reasons to worry about whether certain commitments and strategies of mindfulness might conflict with long-term progress in character development. This article places mindfulness in conversation with developmental considerations of virtue, asking how mindfulness practices might impact the various stages (...)
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  41. A Personalist Approach to Business Ethics: New Perspectives for Virtue Ethics and Servant Leadership.Germán Scalzo, Kleio Akrivou & Manuel Joaquín Fernández González - forthcoming - Wiley: Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility.
    Business Ethics, the Environment &Responsibility, EarlyView.
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  42. Virtue Ethics, Aesthetics, and Reflective Practices in Business.John Dobson - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
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  43. Loyalty: A Grey Virtue.Peter Olsthoorn - 2022 - In Desiree Verweij, Peter Olsthoorn & Eva van Baarle (eds.), Ethics and Military Practice. Leiden Boston: pp. 40-52.
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  44. Environmental Consciousness, Nature and the Philosophy of Education: Ecologizing Education.Michael Bonnett - 2020 - Routledge.
    This book explores alternative ways of understanding our environmental situation by challenging the Western view of nature as purely a resource for humans. Environmental Consciousness, Nature and the Philosophy of Education asserts that we need to retrieve a thinking that expresses a different relationship with nature: one that celebrates nature's otherness and is attuned to its intrinsic integrity, agency, normativity and worth. Through such receptivity to nature's address we can develop a sense of our own being-in-nature that provides a positive (...)
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  45. Virtue Ethics in Social Work Practice.Richard Hugman & Manohar Pawar - 2020 - Routledge.
    Using evidence from research with practitioners, integrated with wider material about virtue ethics in the helping professions, this book explores important types of virtue that are central to developing and sustaining excellence in social work Comprised of ten chapters and drawing on extensive research with social workers, as well as wider debates and analysis, the discussion carefully concentrates on everyday experiences and achievements. This approach enables the book to avoid an idealized and prescriptive approach by making clear that virtues vary (...)
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  46. Wittgenstein, Anti-Foundationalism, Technoscience and Philosophy of Education: An Educational Philosophy and Theory Reader.Michael A. Peters - 2020 - Routledge.
    "This book is a collection of essays motivated by a 'cultural' reading of Wittgenstein. It includes some new essays and some that were originally published in Educational Philosophy and Theory. It includes a distinctive view on the ethics of reading Wittgenstein and the ethics of suicide that shaped him. It also examines the reception and engagement with Wittgenstein's work in French philosophy with a chapter on post-analytic philosophy of education as a choice between Richard Rorty and Jean-Francois Lyotard. Peters examines (...)
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  47. The Principles of New Ethics Iv: Virtue Ethics.Wang Haiming - 2020 - Routledge.
    From Descartes to Spinoza, Western philosophers have attempted to propose an axiomatic systemization of ethics. However, without consensus on the contents and objects of ethics, the system remains incomplete. This four-volume set presents a model that highlights a Chinese philosopher's insights into ethics after a 22-year study. Three essential components of ethics are examined: meta-ethics, normative ethics, and virtue ethics. In this volume, the author analyzes the relationship between people's sense of reputation, the political and economic status of a nation, (...)
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  48. From Casuistry to Virtue-Ethics.Romanus Cessario - 1994 - Ethics and Medics 19 (10):1-2.
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  49. Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Education: Rethinking Ethics, Equality and the Good Life in a Democratic Age.Mark E. Jonas & Douglas Yacek - 2018 - Routledge.
    Nietzsche's Philosophy of Education makes the case that Nietzsche's ​philosophy has ​significant import for the theory and contemporary practice of education, arguing that ​some of ​Nietzsche​'s most important ​ideas ​have been misunderstood by ​previous ​interpreters. ​In ​providing novel reinterpretations of ​Nietzsche's ​ethical theory, political​ philosophy​ and philosophical anthropology ​and outlining concrete ways in which ​these ideas can enrich teaching and learning in modern democratic schools, the book sets itself apart​ from previous works on Nietzsche​. This is one of the first (...)
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  50. In Praise of the Cognitive Emotions (Routledge Revivals): And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Education.Israel Scheffler - 2010 - Routledge.
    First published in 1991, In Praise of Cognitive Emotions comprises fourteen of Scheffler's most recent essays âe" all of which challenge contemporary notions of education and rationality. While defending the ideal of rationality, he insists that rationality not be identified with a mental faculty or a mechanism of inference but taken rather as the capactity to grasp principles and purposes and to evaluate them in the light of relevant reasons. Examining a broad range of issues âe" from computers in school (...)
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1 — 50 / 2026