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  1. added 2019-08-12
    The Young-(Helmholtz)-Maxwell Theory of Color Vision.Remco Heesen - manuscript
    In the second volume of the "Handbuch der physiologischen Optik", published in 1860, Helmholtz sets out a three-receptor theory of color vision using coterminal response curves, and shows that this theory can unify most phenomena of color mixing known at the time. Maxwell had publicized the same theory five years earlier, but Helmholtz barely acknowledges this fact in the "Handbuch". Some historians have argued that this is because Helmholtz independently discovered the theory around the same time as Maxwell. This paper (...)
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  2. added 2019-08-06
    Learning Through Simulation.Sara Aronowitz & Tania Lombrozo - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Mental simulation – such as imagining tilting a glass to figure out the angle at which water would spill – can be a way of coming to know the answer to an internally or externally posed query. Is this form of learning a species of inference or a form of observation? We argue that it is neither: learning through simulation is a genuinely distinct form of learning. On our account, simulation can support learning the answer to a query even when (...)
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  3. added 2019-08-06
    The Life of Imagination: Revealing and Making the World.Jennifer Anna Gosetti-Ferencei - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Columbia University Press.
    Imagination allows us to step out of the ordinary but also to transform it through our sense of wonder and play, artistic inspiration and innovation, or the eureka moment of a scientific breakthrough. In this book, Jennifer Anna Gosetti-Ferencei offers a groundbreaking new understanding of its place in everyday experience as well as the heights of creative achievement. -/- The Life of Imagination delivers a new conception of imagination that places it at the heart of our engagement with the world—thinking, (...)
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  4. added 2019-07-29
    Imagination: A Lens, Not a Mirror.Nick Wiltsher - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19 (30).
    The terms "imagination'' and "imaginative'' can be readily applied to a profusion of attitudes, experiences, activities, and further phenomena. The heterogeneity of the things to which they're applied prompts the thoughts that the terms are polysemous, and that there is no single, coherent, fruitful conception of imagination to be had. Nonetheless, much recent work on imagination ascribes implicitly to a univocal way of thinking about imaginative phenomena: the imitation theory, according to which imaginative experiences imitate other experiences. This approach is (...)
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  5. added 2019-07-04
    Сотеріологічні мотиви «Науки в неділю перед Різдвом» Леонтія Карповича.Olha Maksymchuk - 2018 - NaUKMA Researh Papers. Literary Studies 1:20-24.
    У статті проаналізовано відображення сотеріологічних (пов’язаних із церковним ученням про спасіння) мотивів у проповіді Леонтія Карповича «Наука в неділю перед Різдвом». Розглянуто характеристику образу Спасителя-Месії, простежено зв’язок індивідуальної та загальної сотеріології у тексті Карповича, приділено увагу практичним рекомендаціям, які автор дає своїй пастві для того, щоб належно підготуватися до зустрічі свята Різдва.
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Imagining Experiences.Peter Langland‐Hassan - 2016 - Noûs:561-586.
    It is often held that in imagining experiences we exploit a special imagistic way of representing mentality—one that enables us to think about mental states in terms of what it is like to have them. According to some, when this way of thinking about the mind is paired with more objective means, an explanatory gap between the phenomenal and physical features of mental states arises. This paper advances a view along those lines, but with a twist. What many take for (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-05
    Vision, Action, and Make‐Perceive.Robert Eamon Briscoe - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (4):457-497.
    In this paper, I critically assess the enactive account of visual perception recently defended by Alva Noë (2004). I argue inter alia that the enactive account falsely identifies an object’s apparent shape with its 2D perspectival shape; that it mistakenly assimilates visual shape perception and volumetric object recognition; and that it seriously misrepresents the constitutive role of bodily action in visual awareness. I argue further that noticing an object’s perspectival shape involves a hybrid experience combining both perceptual and imaginative elements (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-05
    The Nature of Imagery.Peter V. Horne - 1993 - Consciousness and Cognition 2 (1):58-82.
    I contend that influential, computational theories have failed to relate the subjective and information processing dimensions of imagery. Hampson and Morris′s account of the phenomenology of imagery is evaluated, and I reject the proposal that the sensuous quality of images is reducible to the specificity of corresponding representations. A selective literature review suggests necessary information processing conditions for sensuous objects-for-awareness to emerge, and these conditions inform development of a theory explicating conscious perception and sensuous imagery in terms of a self-regulating (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-05
    The Imagery Debate. Michael Tye.Christopher Peacocke - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (4):675-677.
  10. added 2019-05-20
    Image and Imagination of the Life SciencesBild Und Weltbild der Lebenswissenschaften: Das Stereomikroskop Am Scheitelpunkt der Modernen Biologie.Anna Simon-Stickley - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (2):109-144.
    The Greenough stereomicroscope, or “Stemi” as it is colloquially known among microscopists, is a stereoscopic binocular instrument yielding three-dimensional depth perception when working with larger microscopic specimens. It has become ubiquitous in laboratory practice since its introduction by the unknown scientist Horatio Saltonstall Greenough in 1892. However, because it enabled new experimental practices rather than new knowledge, it has largely eluded historical and epistemological investigation, even though its design, production, and reception in the scientific community was inextricably connected to the (...)
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  11. added 2019-03-18
    Towards a Dual Process Epistemology of Imagination.Michael T. Stuart - 2019 - Synthese:1-22.
    Sometimes we learn through the use of imagination. The epistemology of imagination asks how this is possible. One barrier to progress on this question has been a lack of agreement on how to characterize imagination; for example, is imagination a mental state, ability, character trait, or cognitive process? This paper argues that we should characterize imagination as a cognitive ability, exercises of which are cognitive processes. Following dual process theories of cognition developed in cognitive science, the set of imaginative processes (...)
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  12. added 2019-03-10
    Superimposed Mental Imagery: On the Uses of Make-Perceive.Robert Briscoe - 2018 - In Fiona Macpherson & Fabian Dorsch (eds.), Perceptual Imagination and Perceptual Memory. pp. 161-185.
    Human beings have the ability to ‘augment’ reality by superimposing mental imagery on the visually perceived scene. For example, when deciding how to arrange furniture in a new home, one might project the image of an armchair into an empty corner or the image of a painting onto a wall. The experience of noticing a constellation in the sky at night is also perceptual-imaginative amalgam: it involves both seeing the stars in the constellation and imagining the lines that connect them (...)
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  13. added 2019-03-07
    Aphantasia and the Decacy of Mental Images.Steve Humbert-Droz - 2018 - In Florian Cova & Sébastien Réhault (eds.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Aesthetics. Londres, Royaume-Uni: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 167-174.
    Testimonies about aphantasia are still surprisingly rare, more than a century after Galton. It is therefore difficult to understand how a person devoid of (a kind of) imagination actually thinks. In order to outline "what it is like" to be aphantasic, I will start by compiling two qualitative interviews with aphantasics that I will then compare with other testimonies collected in literature and online. The fact that aphantasia is poorly documented may also explain why few philosophers (with the notable exception (...)
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  14. added 2019-02-04
    Characterizing the Imaginative Attitude.Nicholas Wiltsher - forthcoming - Philosophical Papers:1-33.
    Three thoughts strongly influence recent work on sensory imagination, often without explicit articulation. The image thought says that all mental states involving a mental image are imaginative. The attitude thought says that, if there is a distinctive imaginative attitude, it is a single, monolithic attitude. The function thought says that the functions of sensory imagination are identical or akin to functions of other mental states such as judgment or belief. Taken together, these thoughts create a theoretical context within which eliminativism (...)
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  15. added 2019-01-11
    Imagery and Possibility.Dominic Gregory - forthcoming - Noûs.
    We often ascribe possibility to the scenes that are displayed by mental or nonmental sensory images. The paper presents a novel argument for thinking that we are prima facie justified in ascribing metaphysical possibility to what is displayed by suitable visual images, and it argues that many of our imagery‐based ascriptions of metaphysical possibility are therefore prima facie justified. Some potential objections to the arguments are discussed, and some potential extensions of them, to cover nonvisual forms of imagery and nonmetaphysical (...)
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  16. added 2018-07-16
    Analog Mental Representation.Jacob Beck - forthcoming - WIREs Cognitive Science.
    Over the past 50 years, philosophers and psychologists have perennially argued for the existence of analog mental representations of one type or another. This study critically reviews a number of these arguments as they pertain to three different types of mental representation: perceptual representations, imagery representations, and numerosity representations. Along the way, careful consideration is given to the meaning of “analog” presupposed by these arguments for analog mental representation, and to open avenues for future research.
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  17. added 2018-06-27
    Visual Expectations and Visual Imagination.Dominic Gregory - 2017 - Philosophical Perspectives 31 (1):187-206.
    (Open Access article, freely available to download from publisher's site.) Our visual experiences of objects as located in external space, and as having definite three-dimensional shapes, are closely linked to our implicit expectations about what things will look like from alternative viewpoints. What sorts of contents do these expectations involve? One standard answer is that they relate to what things will look like to us upon changing our positions. And what sorts of mental representations do the expectations call upon? A (...)
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  18. added 2018-01-17
    On the Relation Between Visualized Space and Perceived Space.Bartek Chomanski - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (3):567-583.
    In this paper, I will examine the question of the space of visual imagery. I will ask whether in visually imagining an object or a scene, we also thereby imagine that object or scene as being in a space unrelated to the space we’re simultaneously perceiving or whether it is the case that the space of visual imagination is experienced as connected to the space of perceptual experience. I will argue that the there is no distinction between the spatial content (...)
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  19. added 2017-09-14
    Imagination is Ancient.Stephen Asma - 2017 - Aeon:1.
    Imagination, like other higher cognition, is often thought to arise after the evolution of language. Stephen Asma argues instead that imagination is much older and forms a kind of early cognition --harvesting sensory, motor and affective impressions, and generating novel generate-and-test information.
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  20. added 2017-09-08
    Is Color Experience Cognitively Penetrable?Berit Brogaard & Dimitria E. Gatzia - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):193-214.
    Is color experience cognitively penetrable? Some philosophers have recently argued that it is. In this paper, we take issue with the claim that color experience is cognitively penetrable. We argue that the notion of cognitive penetration that has recently dominated the literature is flawed since it fails to distinguish between the modulation of perceptual content by non-perceptual principles and genuine cognitive penetration. We use this distinction to show that studies suggesting that color experience can be modulated by factors of the (...)
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  21. added 2017-02-17
    Visual Reasoning with Diagrams.Sun-Joo Shin & Amirouche Moktefi (eds.) - 2013 - Basel: Birkhaüser.
  22. added 2017-02-16
    Lexander on Some Observations on Visual Imagery. [REVIEW]Wilfrid Lay - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (19):528.
  23. added 2017-02-15
    Imagery, Perception and Creativity.Francesco Ferretti - 2006 - Anthropology and Philosophy 7 (1/2):75-94.
    The aim of this paper is to justify the role of mental imagery in creativity. In more specific terms the central idea of this paper is that the justification for the role of mental images in the creative process lies in the analysis of the relationship between vision and imagery. Mental images are present in thought just in those situations in which the ideal way to solve a problem would be the perception of those same things before our own eyes. (...)
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  24. added 2017-02-14
    On the Quality of Visual-Imagery.L. O. Harvey - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):329-329.
  25. added 2017-02-13
    Transformative Navigation: Energizing Imagery for Perceptual Shifts.Margaret Dolinsky - 2009 - Technoetic Arts 7 (1):49-64.
  26. added 2017-02-13
    Mental Imagery: Against the Nihilistic Hypothesis.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Giorgio Ganis & William L. Thompson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):109-111.
  27. added 2017-02-13
    Eye Movements During Visual Mental Imagery.F. Mast - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (7):271-272.
  28. added 2017-02-13
    Psychophysical Discrimination of Spatial Structure in Natural Images.P. Carlin & R. Watt - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 43-44.
    We report a series of experiments in which subjects were required to make spatial discriminations about naturally obtained images, as follows. Subjects were shown two natural images on a computer screen, side by side and for a period of 500 ms. Subjects were then shown, on a separate part of the computer screen, a small patch of one of the images selected at random. Subjects were required to decide which of the two full images the patch comes from, and whereabouts (...)
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  29. added 2017-02-13
    Eidetic Imagery, Occipital EEG Activity, and Palinopsia.Alan Richardson - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):613-613.
  30. added 2017-02-13
    Exorcising the Ghosts in the Study of Eidetic Imagery.Martin S. Lindauer - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):609-610.
  31. added 2017-02-13
    On Interpretative Processes in Imagery.Manuel de Vega - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):551-551.
  32. added 2017-02-13
    The Demands of Mental Travel: Demand Characteristics of Mental Imagery Experiments.Charles L. Richman, David B. Mitchell & J. Steven Reznick - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):564-565.
  33. added 2017-02-13
    Visual Imagery Vs. Semantic Category as Encoding Conditions.Herbert F. Crovitz & Michael T. Harvey - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (5):291-292.
  34. added 2017-02-13
    On the Function of Mental Imagery.David L. Waltz - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):569-570.
  35. added 2017-02-13
    Anxiety, Imagery, and Sensory Interference.Eileen D. Edmunson & Douglas L. Nelson - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (4):319-322.
  36. added 2017-02-12
    The Nature of Mental Imagery: How Null is the “Null Hypothesis”?Gianfranco Dalla Barba & Rosenthal - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):187-188.
    Is mental imagery pictorial? In Pylyshyn's view no empirical data provides convincing support to the “pictorial” hypothesis of mental imagery. Phenomenology, Pylyshyn says, is deeply deceiving and offers no explanation of why and how mental imagery occurs. We suggest that Pylyshyn mistakes phenomenology for what it never pretended to be. Phenomenological evidence, if properly considered, shows that mental imagery may indeed be pictorial, though not in the way that mimics visual perception. Moreover, Pylyshyn claims that the “pictorial hypothesis” is flawed (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-12
    Is Mental Imagery Prominently Visual?Marta Olivetti Belardinelli & Rosalia Di Matteo - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):204-205.
    Neuroimaging and psychophysiological techniques have proved to be useful in comprehending the extent to which the visual modality is pervasive in mental imagery, and in comprehending the specificity of images generated through other sensory modalities. Although further research is needed to understand the nature of mental images, data attained by means of these techniques suggest that mental imagery requires at least two distinct processing components.
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  38. added 2017-02-10
    Insights About Inner Sight.Eliot F. Krieger - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 45 (1):21-39.
    Using the later works of Wittgenstein, this paper investigates the intricate ways in which the will is related to mental imagery. It examines how "seeing" is subject to the will in a different way from "forming an image". Although it is unwise to posit a model of images which maintains that images are directly willed inner objects - just like outer objects, only located in our heads - this model is often incorrectly embraced by philosophers and psychologists. A proper understanding (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-08
    Augmenting Cognitive Architectures to Support Diagrammatic Imagination.Balakrishnan Chandrasekaran, Bonny Banerjee, Unmesh Kurup & Omkar Lele - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):760-777.
    Diagrams are a form of spatial representation that supports reasoning and problem solving. Even when diagrams are external, not to mention when there are no external representations, problem solving often calls for internal representations, that is, representations in cognition, of diagrammatic elements and internal perceptions on them. General cognitive architectures—Soar and ACT-R, to name the most prominent—do not have representations and operations to support diagrammatic reasoning. In this article, we examine some requirements for such internal representations and processes in cognitive (...)
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  40. added 2017-02-08
    Mental Imagery as the Adaptationist Views It.John R. Pani - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3):288-326.
    Mental images are one of the more obvious aspects of human conscious experience. Familiar idioms such as “the mind's eye” reflect the high status of the image in metacognition. Theoretically, a defining characteristic of mental images is that they can be analog representations. But this has led to an enduring puzzle in cognitive psychology: How do “mental pictures” fit into a general theory of cognition? Three empirical problems have constituted this puzzle: The incidence of mental images has been unpredictable, innumerable (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-07
    Things and Places: How the Mind Connects with the World, by Zenon Pylyshyn. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2007. Pp. Xiv + 255. H/B £25.95, $34.00. [REVIEW]John Bishop - unknown
    A new book by Zenon Pylyshyn is always a cause for celebration among philosophers of psychology. While many hard-nosed experimental cognitive scientists are attentive to philosophers’ concerns, Pylyshyn stands alone in the extraordinary efforts he takes to understand, address, and struggle with the philosophical puzzles that the mind, and perception in particular, raises. Pylyshyn’s most recent work, Things and Places: How the Mind Connects with the World, does not disappoint. It is philosophically rich. Indeed, the approach to object perception that (...)
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  42. added 2017-02-07
    A Question of Intention in Motor Imagery.Carl Gabbard, Alberto Cordova & Sunghan Lee - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):300-305.
    We examined the question—is the intention of completing a simulated motor action the same as the intention used in processing overt actions? Participants used motor imagery to estimate distance reachability in two conditions: Imagery-Only and Imagery-Execution . With IO only a verbal estimate using imagery was given. With IE participants knew that they would actually reach after giving a verbal estimate and be judged on accuracy. After measuring actual maximum reach, used for the comparison, imagery targets were randomly presented across (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-06
    Images Schemas in Conceptual Development: What Happened to the Body?Raymond W. Gibbs - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (2):231-239.
    Mandler's target article claims that infants' capacity to abstract certain kinds of information from perceptual ldisplays occurs through a special mechanism of ?perceptual meaning analysis?, which generates abstract, ?image-schemas? that are analogical representations summarizing spatial relations and movement in space. Under this view, perceptual processes give input to forming conceptual representations, but higher-order concepts are disembodied, symbolic representations that are stripped of their embodied roots. My alternative argument is that bodily experience has an enduring role in early conceptual development, and (...)
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  44. added 2017-02-02
    Conjoint Representations and the Mental Capacity for Multiple Simultaneous Perspectives.Rainer Mausfeld - 2003 - In Heiko Hecht, Robert Schwartz & Margaret Atherton (eds.), Looking Into Pictures. MIT Press. pp. 17--60.
  45. added 2017-02-02
    Generic Assumptions Shared by Visual Perception and Imagery.Qasim Zaidi & A. Fuzz Griffiths - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):215-216.
    What is difficult to imagine is also surprising to perceive. This indicates that active visual imagery is an integral part of active visual perception. Erroneous mental transformations provide clues to prior assumptions in visual imagery, just as visual illusions provide clues to perceptual assumptions. Visual imagery and perception share generic assumptions about invariants in images of rigid objects.
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  46. added 2017-02-02
    Single Cells in the Visual System and Images Past.Glenn E. Meyer - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):200-201.
    Various techniques have attempted to localize imagery. However, early findings using single cell recordings of human receptive fields during imagery tasks have had little impact. Reports by Marg and his coworkers (1968) found no evidence for imagery in human Area 17, 18, and 19. Single cells from humans suggest later imagery-related activity in hippocampus, amygdala, entorhinal cortex, and parahippocampal gyrus.
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  47. added 2017-02-02
    Imagery and Blindness.Susanna Millar - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):201-202.
    My concerns are about the phrase “the nature of imagery,” and the interpretation of findings with blind people. This discussion considers reports of imagery by congenitally totally blind people, and what should not be inferred from comparing efficiency levels of blind and sighted people in spatial tasks.
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  48. added 2017-01-30
    Turning I Into Me: Imagining Your Future Self.C. Neil Macrae, Jason P. Mitchell, Kirsten A. Tait, Diana L. McNamara, Marius Golubickis, Pavlos P. Topalidis & Brittany M. Christian - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:207-213.
  49. added 2017-01-26
    Mental Imagery [Special Issue].B. J. Baars - 1996 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3).
  50. added 2017-01-26
    Review of Michael Tye's The Imagery Debate. [REVIEW]D. Reisberg - 1994 - Philosophical Psychology 7:512-512.
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