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  1. added 2020-03-01
    The Principle of Life: from Aristotelian Psyche to Drieschian Entelechy.Agustin Ostachuk - 2016 - Ludus Vitalis 24 (45):37-59.
    Is life a simple result of a conjunction of physico-chemical processes? Can be reduced to a mere juxtaposition of spatially determined events? What epistemology or world-view allows us to comprehend it? Aristotle built a novel philosophical system in which nature is a dynamical totality which is in constant movement. Life is a manifestation of it, and is formed and governed by the psyche. Psyche is the organizational principle of the different biological levels: nutritive, perceptive and intelective. Driesch's crucial experiment provided (...)
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  2. added 2020-02-25
    Life: the Center of our Existence.Agustin Ostachuk - 2018 - Ludus Vitalis 26 (50):257-260.
    Life is the center of our existence. One would be tempted to say that first of all we live. However, our existence does not seem to pass in that modality. The exacerbated materialism in which our existence takes place, displaces life from the center of the scene. Our society is organized around production, consumerism, exploitation, efficiency, trade and propaganda. That is to say, our existence seems to have economy as the center of organization of our activities. The struggle of this (...)
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  3. added 2019-12-31
    Life/Force: Novelty and New Materialism in Jane Bennett's Vibrant Matter.Jonathan Basile - 2019 - Substance 48 (2):3-22.
    Among those speaking in the name of materialism, whether speculative, dialectical, or "new," it is commonplace to dismiss with a single gesture a vast field of theoretical and philosophical endeavor, indicated as the last 50 or 250 years of theory and philosophy. Self-styled "speculative" writers who would surpass all philosophy since Kant, and various New Materialists who sequester decades of thought under the heading of "constructivism," manufacture the avant-garde status of their own work by claiming to delineate a simple break (...)
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  4. added 2019-12-06
    The Artificial Cell, the Semipermeable Membrane, and the Life That Never Was, 1864–1901.Daniel Liu - 2019 - Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 49 (5):504-555.
    Since the early nineteenth century a membrane or wall has been cenptral to the cell’s identity as the elementary unit of life. Yet the literally and metaphorically marginal status of the cell membrane made it the site of clashes over the definition of life and the proper way to study it. In this article I show how the modern cell membrane was conceived of by analogy to the first “artificial cell,” invented in 1864 by the chemist Moritz Traube (1826–1894), and (...)
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  5. added 2019-10-19
    La philosophie de la biologie avant la biologie : une histoire du vitalisme.Charles T. Wolfe - 2019 - Paris, France: Classiques Garnier.
    -/- Table des matières Remerciements 1 -/- INTRODUCTION 2 -/- PREMIERE PARTIE LE VIVANT ET LA REVOLUTION SCIENTIFIQUE 7 -/- ONTOLOGIE DU VIVANT OU BIOLOGIE ? LE CAS DE LA RÉVOLUTION SCIENTIFIQUE 8 -/- Introduction 8 La vie et le vivant sont-ils des thèmes de controverse explicites dans la philosophie naturelle de l’âge classique ? 18 Machines de la nature, ferments et métaphysique chimique 28 Crisis, what crisis ? 42 Conclusion 45 -/- LE MÉCANIQUE FACE AU VIVANT 49 -/- Introduction (...)
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  6. added 2019-07-24
    Die Perspektive des Lebens: Genealogie und Kritik beim späten Nietzsche.Johannes Steizinger - 2019 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 67 (3):451-463.
    This paper focuses on the relation of genealogy and critique in Nietzsche’s late philosophy. It is argued that the late Nietzsche distinguishes between genealogy and critique. The genealogy of morality is a descriptive endeavor that shows the origin of values in processes of life. The critique of morality assesses the value of values from the perspective of life. It is argued that the concept of life is at the core of Nietzsche’s critical project and thus his fundamental standard. The paper (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    The Physiology of Political Economy: Vitalism and Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations.Catherine Packham - 2002 - Journal of the History of Ideas 63 (3):465.
  8. added 2019-06-06
    Anne Conway’s Vitalism and Her Critique of Descartes.Jennifer McRobert - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (1):21-35.
  9. added 2019-06-06
    Descartes, the Sceptics, and the Rejection of Vitalism in Seventeenth-Century Physiology.Phillip R. Sloan - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (1):1.
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Vitalism in Nineteenth-Century Scientific Thought: A Typology and Reassessment.E. Benton - 1974 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 5 (1):17.
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Mechanism and Vitalism: A Criticism of Loeb's "Regeneration".J. Albert Haldi - 1925 - The Monist 35 (4):590-604.
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  12. added 2019-03-17
    Between biology and chemistry in the Enlightenment: how nutrition shapes vital organization. Buffon, Bonnet, C.F. Wolff.Cécilia Bognon-Küss - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (1):11.
    This paper seeks to characterize how the study of nutrition processes contributed to revisit the problem of vital organization in the late eighteenth century. It argues that focusing on nutrition leads to reformulate the problem of the relation between life and organization in terms of processes, rather than static or given structures. This nutrition-centered approach to life amounts to acknowledge the specific strategic role nutrition played in the development of a materialist approach to the generation of vital organization. The paper (...)
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  13. added 2019-03-14
    Canguilhem and the Logic of Life.Arantza Etxeberria & Charles T. Wolfe - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:47.
    In this paper we examine aspects of Canguilhem’s philosophy of biology, concerning the knowledge of life and its consequences on science and vitalism. His concept of life stems from the idea of a living individual, endowed with creative subjectivity and norms, a Kantian view which “disconcerts logic”. In contrast, two different approaches ground naturalistic perspectives to explore the logic of life and the logic of the living individual in the 1970s. Although Canguilhem is closer to the second, there are divergences; (...)
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  14. added 2019-03-14
    Metaphysics, Function and the Engineering of Life: The Problem of Vitalism.Charles T. Wolfe, Bohang Chen & Cécilia Bognon-Küss - 2018 - Kairos 20 (1):113-140.
    Vitalism was long viewed as the most grotesque view in biological theory: appeals to a mysterious life-force, Romantic insistence on the autonomy of life, or worse, a metaphysics of an entirely living universe. In the early twentieth century, attempts were made to present a revised, lighter version that was not weighted down by revisionary metaphysics: “organicism”. And mainstream philosophers of science criticized Driesch and Bergson’s “neovitalism” as a too-strong ontological commitment to the existence of certain entities or “forces”, over and (...)
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  15. added 2019-03-14
    La biophilosophie de Georges Canguilhem.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Scienza and Filosofia 17.
    ABSTRACT: GEORGES CANGUILHEM’S BIOPHILOSOPHY The eminent French biologist and historian of biology, François Jacob, once notoriously declared «On n’interroge plus la vie dans les laboratoires»: laboratory research no longer inquires into the notion of “Life”. Certain influential French philosophers of science of the mid‐century such as Georges Canguilhem would disagree, or at least seek to resist some of Jacob’s diagnosis. Not by imposing a different kind of research program in laboratories, but by an unusual combination of historical and philosophical inquiry (...)
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  16. added 2019-03-14
    Models of Organic Organization in Montpellier Vitalism.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):229-252.
    The species of vitalism discussed here is a malleable construct, often with a poisonous reputation (but one which I want to rehabilitate), hovering in between the realms of the philosophy of biology, the history of medicine, and the scientific background of the Radical Enlightenment (case in point, the influence of vitalist medicine on Diderot). This is a more vital vitalism, or at least a more ‘biologistic,’ ‘embodied,’ medicalized vitalism. I distinguish between what I would call ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of (...)
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  17. added 2019-01-08
    Życie jako insynuacja w ujęciu Henri Bergsona i George’a Santayany.Katarzyna Kremplewska - 2017 - Diametros 52:47-63.
    The article analyzes Henri Bergson’s understanding of human life in the light of his metaphor of life as “insinuation.” Comparing his ideas with the ideas of another original thinker of the age, George Santayana, allows shedding light on Bergson’s ontological strategy of making matter– as a threat to life –subject to mediation. Memory and imagination use matter to play out the past in the guise of the present–for the sake of life. The text also focuses on the formulas of freedom (...)
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  18. added 2018-10-19
    Hans Drieschs Argumente Für den Vitalismus.Marcel Weber - 1999 - Philosophia Naturalis 36 (2):263-293.
    Ich rekonstruiere und kritisiere Hans Drieschs Argumentation für die Behauptung, daß biologischen Prozessen nur eine substanzdualistische Ontologie der belebten Materie (Vitalismus) gerecht werden kann. Meine Diagnose lautet, daß Drieschs Argumentation zwar logisch schlüssig ist bzw. durch leichte Modifikationen in eine logisch gültige Form gebracht werden kann, aber von empirisch unbegründeten, metaphysischen Prämissen über die Möglichkeiten eines energieumwandelnden Mechanismus ausgeht.
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  19. added 2018-10-12
    Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
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  20. added 2018-09-29
    A non-metaphysical evaluation of vitalism in the early twentieth century.Bohang Chen - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):50.
    In biology the term “vitalism” is usually associated with Hans Driesch’s doctrine of the entelechy: entelechies were nonmaterial, bio-specific agents responsible for governing a few peculiar biological phenomena. Since vitalism defined as such violates metaphysical materialism, the received view refutes the doctrine of the entelechy as a metaphysical heresy. But in the early twentieth century, a different, non-metaphysical evaluation of vitalism was endorsed by some biologists and philosophers, which finally led to a logical refutation of the doctrine of the entelechy. (...)
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  21. added 2018-06-28
    Complex Organisation and Fundamental Physics.Brian D. Josephson - 2018 - Streaming Media Service, Cambridge University.
    The file on this site provides the slides for a lecture given in Hangzhou in May 2018, and the lecture itself is available at the URL beginning 'sms' in the set of links provided in connection with this item. -/- It is commonly assumed that regular physics underpins biology. Here it is proposed, in a synthesis of ideas by various authors, that in reality structures and mechanisms of a biological character underpin the world studied by physicists, in principle supplying detail (...)
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  22. added 2018-06-05
    Il minimo, l’unità, e l’universo infinito nella cosmologia vitalistica di Giordano Bruno.Marina P. Banchetti - forthcoming - In Andrea Muni (ed.), Platone nel pensiero moderno e contemporaneo - Volume XV. Milano: Limina Mentis.
  23. added 2017-08-04
    Engineers of Life? A Critical Examination of the Concept of Life in the Debate on Synthetic Biology.Johannes Steizinger - 2016 - In Georg Toepfer & Margret Engelhard (eds.), : Ambivalences of Creating Life – Societal and Philosophical Dimensions of Synthetic Biology. Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 275−292.
    The concept of life plays a crucial role in the debate on synthetic biology. The first part of this chapter outlines the controversial debate on the status of the concept of life in current science and philosophy. Against this background, synthetic biology and the discourse on its scientific and societal consequences is revealed as an exception. Here, the concept of life is not only used as buzzword but also discussed theoretically and links the ethical aspects with the epistemological prerequisites and (...)
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  24. added 2017-04-24
    The Gaia Hypothesis: Science on a Pagan Planet. [REVIEW]Graham Oppy - 2015 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 2 (2):247.
    Review of Michael Ruse (2015) *The Gaia Hypothesis: Science on a Pagan Planet*.
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  25. added 2017-02-14
    Hans Driesch Et le Problème de l'Individuation Biologique.P. Gardère - forthcoming - Revue de Philosophie.
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  26. added 2017-02-14
    Rebel With Two Causes: Hans Driesch.Garland E. Allen - 2008 - In Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.), Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology. Yale University Press. pp. 37.
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  27. added 2017-02-11
    The Philosophy of Life.E. W. F. Tomlin - 1959 - Dialectica 13 (2):144-159.
    Modern philosophical biology has been dominated by the idea of mechanism. Even the attempts to escape from mechanism, such as the theories of vitalism and holism, covertly assume the mechanistic hypothesis while surrounding it with an aura of mysticism. The mechanistic approach is the result of applying the methods of physics to the realm of biology. The immense prestige of physics has tended to disguise the fact that biology is a science in its own right, with autonomous principles. The purpose (...)
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  28. added 2017-02-01
    Hans Driesch AlS Theoretisch Bioloog.H. J. Jordan - 1937 - Synthese 2 (1):190-191.
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  29. added 2017-01-28
    Mécanisme Et Vitalisme, la Belle Et la Bête Naissance Et Métamorphoses d'Un Conte.Jacques Cotin & Mariana Saad - 2001 - Maison Française D'Oxford.
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  30. added 2017-01-28
    The Bridge of Life From Matter to Spirit.Edmund Ware Sinnott - 1966 - Simon & Schuster.
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  31. added 2017-01-28
    DRIESCH, H. -Die Sittliche Tat. [REVIEW]H. Barker - 1928 - Mind 37:366.
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  32. added 2017-01-28
    DRIESCH, H. - Wirklichkeitslehre. [REVIEW]H. D. Oakeley - 1921 - Mind 30:346.
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  33. added 2017-01-28
    American Philosophical Association: Bibliography for Discussion on Mechanism Versus Vitalism.Rupert Clendon Lodge - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (20):550.
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  34. added 2017-01-28
    DRIESCH, H. -Ordnungslehre. [REVIEW]P. E. B. Jourdain - 1914 - Mind 23:138.
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  35. added 2017-01-27
    Mechanism and Vitalism. A History of the Controversy.Geert Jan M. De Klerk - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (1):1-10.
    This is an attempt to interpret the history of mechanism vs. vitalism in relation to the changing framework of culture and to show the interrelation between both these views and experimental science. After the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, causal mechanism of classical physics provided the framework for the study of nature. The teleological and holistic properties of life, however, which are incompatible with this theory yielded — as a result both of internal developments within biology and of a (...)
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  36. added 2017-01-26
    Montpellier Vitalism and the Emergence of Alienism in France : The Case of the Passions.Philippe Huneman - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):615-647.
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  37. added 2017-01-25
    Donna V. Jones, The Racial Discourses of Life Philosophy: Négritude, Vitalism, and Modernity.Benjamin Noys - 2012 - Radical Philosophy 173:60.
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  38. added 2017-01-17
    A Note on Vitalism Versus Mechanism.Makoto Yamamoto - 1971 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 4 (1):46-48.
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  39. added 2017-01-16
    Vitalism as Pathos.Thomas Osborne - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (2):185-205.
    This paper addresses the remarkable longevity of the idea of vitalism in the biological sciences and beyond. If there is to be a renewed vitalism today, however, we need to ask – on what kind of original conception of life should it be based? This paper argues that recent invocations of a generalized, processual variety of vitalism in the social sciences and humanities above all, however exciting in their scope, miss much of the basic originality – and interest – of (...)
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  40. added 2017-01-16
    Vitalism and Reductionism in Liebig's Physiological Thought.Timothy O. Lipman - 1967 - Isis 58 (2):167-185.
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  41. added 2017-01-15
    The Racial Discourses of Life Philosophy: Négritude, Vitalism, and Modernity.Donna V. Jones - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the early twentieth century, the life philosophy of Henri Bergson summoned the _élan vital_, or vital force, as the source of creative evolution. Bergson also appealed to intuition, which focused on experience rather than discursive thought and scientific cognition. Particularly influential for the literary and political Négritude movement of the 1930s, which opposed French colonialism, Bergson's life philosophy formed an appealing alternative to Western modernity, decried as "mechanical," and set the stage for later developments in postcolonial theory and vitalist (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-15
    Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
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  43. added 2017-01-15
    The Endurance of the Mechanism—Vitalism Controversy.Hilde Hein - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):159-188.
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  44. added 2017-01-15
    III.—Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review.Charles S. Myers - 1900 - Mind 9 (36):319-331.
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  45. added 2017-01-14
    The Return of Vitalism: Canguilhem, Bergson and the Project of a Biophilosophy.Tai Tak Andy Wong & T. Wolfe Charles - unknown
    The eminent French biologist and historian of biology François Jacob once notoriously declared, “On n’interroge plus la vie dans les laboratoires” : 20-25): laboratory research no longer inquires into the notion of ‘Life’. In the mid-twentieth century, from the immediate post-war period to the late 1960s, French philosophers of science such as Georges Canguilhem, Raymond Ruyer and Gilbert Simondon returned to Jacob’s statement with an odd kind of pathos: they were determined to reverse course. Not by imposing a different kind (...)
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  46. added 2017-01-14
    The Continuing Vitality of the Problématique of Vitalism?Snait B. Gissis - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:196-200.
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  47. added 2017-01-14
    Life as Constraint and as Challenge: Bergson, Canguilhem and the Perplexity of Vitalism.Tai Tak Andy Wong - unknown
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  48. added 2016-12-12
    What the History of Vitalism Teaches Us About Consciousness and the "Hard Problem".Brian Jonathan Garrett - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):576-588.
    Daniel Dennett has claimed that if Chalmers' argument for the irreducibility of consciousness were to succeed, an analogous argument would establish the truth of Vitalism. Chalmers denies that there is such an analogy. I argue that the analogy does have merit and that skepticism is called for.
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  49. added 2016-12-08
    Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins.Denis R. Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Over the course of human history, the sciences, and biology in particular, have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic programs, forced sterilization, human experimentation, and death camps—all in an attempt to support notions of racial superiority. By investigating the past, the contributors to _Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins_ hope to better prepare us to discern ideological abuse of science when it occurs in the future. Denis R. Alexander (...)
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  50. added 2016-12-08
    From Mechanism to Vitalism in Eighteenth-Century English Physiology.Theodore M. Brown - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (2):179-216.
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