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Summary

The predominant area in the philosophy of war and violence is just war theory, which examines when the resort to war is justified (jus ad bellum) and the ethical constraints on the conduct of war (jus in bello). The just war tradition encompasses writings from many different philosophical and religious traditions and spans several hundred years of debate. In the last one hundred years, philosophical debates on war and violence have expanded to include discussions about pacifism, the definition and justification of terrorism and counterterrorism, the ethics of nuclear deterrence, and the ethics of torture. 

Key works Key historical writers on just war theory include Grotius unknown, Vitoria, and Carl von Clausewitz. Contemporary just war theory really began with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars (first edition 1977). Other key works include Richard Wasserstrom 1970, Coady 1985Rodin 2007, and Primoratz 2004
Introductions Nagel 1972 Luban 1980 Narveson 1965 Anscombe ms Hare 1972
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  1. The Secret Life of Violence.Elena Ruíz - forthcoming - In Dustin J. Byrd & Seyed Javad Miri (eds.), Frantz Fanon and Emancipatory Social Theory. Brill.
  2. Civilian Liability.Helen Frowe - 2019 - Ethics 129 (4):625-650.
    Adil Ahmad Haque argues that civilians who contribute to unjust lethal threats in war, but who do not directly participate in the war, are not liable to defensive killing. His argument rests on two central claims: first, that the extent of a person’s liability to defensive harm in virtue of contributing to an unjust threat is limited to the cost that she is initially required to bear in order to avoid contributing, and, second, that civilians need not bear lethal costs (...)
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  3. The Quandary of Multiple States as an Internal and External Limit to Marxist Thought: From Poulantzas to Karatani.Baraneh Emadian - 2019 - Rethinking Marxism A Journal of Economics, Culture and Society 31 (1):72–92.
    At the time of the disintegration of “actually existing socialism” in the 1990s, it appeared that the inexorable flux of globalization was going to consume the nation-state. However, recent years have witnessed the increasing role of the states in both the Global North and South. The relationship between the state and capital is a frequently traversed subject, but what needs further illumination is the persistence of “many states” and its relation to capitalism as both a national and global formation. While (...)
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  4. Voltaire, Candido, a cura di Sergio Cremaschi e Filippo Bruni. Voltaire, Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Filippo Bruni - 2001 - Scandicci (Firenze), Italy: La Nuova Italia.
    This is one more edition of Voltaire's "Candide", meant to highlight the wealth of philosophical and theological discussions hidden behind the apparently innocent veil of the most renowned fable of modernity. The rather extended apparatus accordingly consists of a series of short chapters by Filippo Bruni on the Enlightenment and Metaphysics, and in more detail, on theology, Free choice, the problem of evil, and happiness in an imperfect world and another by Sergio Cremaschi on the Enlightenment and morality, and in (...)
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  5. Dissent From the Homeland: Essays After September 11.Christopher F. Porter - 2004 - Symploke 12 (1):305-306.
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  6. When Terrorism Threatens Health: How Far Are Limitations on Human Rights Justified.Lawrence O. Gostin - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):524-528.
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  7. Review: Social Protest, Violence and Terror in Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Europe. [REVIEW]Pat O'Malley - 1985 - Thesis Eleven 10 (1):272-274.
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  8. Philosophical Scrutiny of the Strategic ‘Defence’ Initiatives.Jonathan Schonsheck - 1986 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):151-166.
    Many people have misgivings about the strategy of nuclear deterrence. Some of those misgivings centre on issues of effectiveness: safety depends entirely upon the dissuasion of an adversary. Other misgivings centre on moral concerns: the essence of deterrence is the threat, and the conditional intention, to kill millions of noncombatants. US President Reagan's Strategic Defence Initiative promised an alternative to deterrence, a strategic posture of interception of an adversary's weapons rather than preclusion of the decision to attack. It is conceived (...)
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  9. Robert Ware and Kai Nielsen, Eds., Analyzing Marxism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy Supplementary Volume 15. [REVIEW]Tony Smith - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (8):334-336.
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  10. A Violent Culture or Culturalized Violence?: Feminist Narratives of Sexual Violence Against South Asian Women.Sherene Razack - 2003 - Studies in Practical Philosophy 3 (1):80-104.
  11. Kerrey and Calley: What Is the Moral Difference?Jan Narveson - 2002 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2):153-162.
    In the Vietnam war, Lieutenant Calley, claiming to be following orders, ordered the killing of several hundred women, children, and elderly people in the village of My Lai. In 1969, Lieutenant Kerrey led a small group of SEALs in the dead of night on a dangerous military venture. In course, a dozen or so innocent villagers were either shot in crossfire or killed intentionally because there seemed a real chance that they would inform the enemy, endangering themselves and the mission. (...)
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  12. The Shiʿis of IraqThe Shiis of Iraq.Stephen C. Pelletiere & Yitzhak Nakash - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (4):786.
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  13. Teichman, Jenny, "Illegitimacy: An Examination of Bastardy". [REVIEW]Vinit Haksar - 1982 - Ethics 93:821.
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  14. Deane Curtin and Robert Litke, Eds., Institutional Violence. [REVIEW]Mechthild Nagel - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20:408-409.
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  15. A Serb's View Of Nato's Bombs.Svetozar Stojanovic - 1999 - Free Inquiry 19.
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  16. Violence, Reason and Justice: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, Anthony Ellis, David Garren & Scott Hibbard - forthcoming - DVD.
    Who gets to use force and when? How are we supposed to justify the use of violence in achieving political goals and establishing and maintaining political communities and structures? With Anthony Ellis , David Garren , and Scott Hibbard.
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  17. Leonardo Boff, Fundamentalism, Terrorism, and the Future of Humanity. [REVIEW]Wim Smit - 2007 - Ethical Perspectives 14 (1):110-110.
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  18. [Miscellaneous Publications].Worldwide Movement for Reconciliation - 1998 - The Movement.
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  19. Dåuangéchai Khøåong Måµ.Kritdikøåon Såatamåan - 1988 - S.N.
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  20. Violence, Technocratie Et Vie Quotidienne Philosophie de la Culture.Rafael Angel Herra - 1984
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  21. The Rhetoric of Nonviolent Conflict Resolution: Toward a Philosophy of Peace as a Social Construct.Sheila Marie Murphy - 1996 - Dissertation, University of South Carolina
    As a matter of social practice, the reality of conflict resolution in the United States today is largely a violent one. In the last two decades in particular, Americans have demonstrated an increased reliance on violence as a method of resolving conflict. This is true not only in terms of military intervention in political crises, but also--perhaps especially--in terms of what Berger and Luckmann call "the reality par excellence"--that is, the reality of everyday life. Significant increases in the numbers of (...)
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  22. Jurgen Brauer and J. Paul Dunne, Peace Economics: A Macroeconomic Primer for Violence-Afflicted States. [REVIEW]Kishor Thanawala - 2013 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 23 (1):97-100.
  23. Violence and War.K. Verma - 2008 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 18 (3):70-70.
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  24. Contemporary Significance of an Article by Mitchell Franklin on Two Earlier Wars on Terror.Gene Grabiner & James Lawler - 2003 - Nature, Society, and Thought 16 (4):389-404.
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  25. Pacifism, Supreme Emergency, and Moral Tragedy.Nicholas Parkin - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (4):631-648.
    This paper develops and defends a new way for pacifists to deal with the problem of supreme emergency. In it I argue that a supreme emergency in which some disaster can only be prevented by modern war is a morally tragic situation. This means that a leader faced with a supreme emergency acts unjustifiably in both allowing something terrible to occur, as well as in waging war to prevent it. I also argue that we may have cause to excuse from (...)
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  26. Just Military Preparedness, U.S. Military Hegemony, and Contingency Planning for Intervention in Sudan: A Reply to Lango and Patterson.Harry van der Linden - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):135-152.
    This paper rejects most aspects of John W. Lango and Eric Patterson’s proposal that the United States should plan for a possible intervention in Sudan on secessionist and humanitarian grounds and announce this planning as a deterrent to the central government of Sudan attacking the people of South Sudan if they would opt in a January 2011 referendum for independence. I argue that secession is not a just cause for armed intervention and that, rightfully, neither the American people nor many (...)
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  27. Atoms for the People: The Atomic Scientists' Association, the British State and Nuclear Education in the Atom Train Exhibition, 1947–1948.Christoph Laucht - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (4):591-608.
    This article concerns the Atom Train travelling exhibition that the chief body of the British nuclear scientists' movement, the Atomic Scientists' Association , organized in collaboration with government offices and private industry in 1947–1948. It argues that the exhibition marked an important moment within post-war British nuclear culture where nuclear scientists shared aspects of their nuclear knowledge with the British public, while simultaneously clashing with the interests of the emerging British national security state in the early Cold War.
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  28. The Cruel Radiance: Photography and Political Violence.Susie Linfield - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
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  29. Seeking Feasible Reconciliation: A Transdisciplinary Contextual Approach to Reconciliation.Christoffel H. Thesnaar - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (2):01-08.
    In South Africa scholars in the broad field of practical theology are currently faced with a daunting challenge: to rethink the reconciling role of the institutional church in the light of continued challenges facing reconciliation within post-apartheid and post-Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) South Africa. This contribution investigates whether the transdisciplinary, region-centred scientific research approach with a focus on the Hölderlin perspective on reconciliation could assist scholars in practical theology to address reconciliation in a post-apartheid and post-TRC society. The article (...)
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  30. The Violence Continuum: Creating a Safe School Climate.Elizabeth C. Manvell - 2012 - R&L Education.
    We expect schools to be a safe haven, but after more than a decade of targeted school violence prevention laws and safety plans, students are still marginalized and bullied to the point of despondence, retaliation, and even suicide. This thoughtful exploration of what makes a school a safe place is based on the understanding that violence is a continuum of acts and attitudes–subtle to overt–that have a negative effect on how students feel and learn.
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  31. [Book Review] Minds at War, Nuclear Reality and the Inner Conflicts of Defense Policymakers. [REVIEW]Steven Kull - 1990 - Ethics 100 (2):429-430.
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  32. Ethnic Conflict Resolution: A Historical Perspective'.Tissa Balasuriya - 1992 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 31 (1&2):5.
  33. The Tradition of Non-Violence: The American Experience and the Gandhian.M. True, A. Datta & S. K. Chakraborty - 1998 - Journal of Human Values 4 (2):183-199.
    On 27 February 1998, the Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta and the office of the Fulbright binational educational exchanges in Calcutta jointly hosted a seminar on 'The Tradition of Non Violence: The American Experience and the Gandhian' at the Management Centre for Human Values . There were two keynote presentations. The one on the American experience was by Michael True, Professor of English Literature at Assumption College, Massachusetts, who was teaching as Fulbright visiting lecturer at Utkal University, Bhubaneswar. The Gandhian (...)
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  34. The Ethics of Enhanced Interrogations and Torture: A Reappraisal of the Argument.William O'Donohue, Cassandra Snipes, Georgia Dalto, Cyndy Soto, Alexandros Maragakis & Sungjin Im - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (2):109-125.
    This article critically reviews what is known about the ethical status of psychologists’ putative involvement with enhanced interrogations and torture. We examine three major normative ethical accounts of EITs and conclude, contra the American Psychological Association, that reasonable arguments can be made that in certain cases the use of EITs is ethical and even, in certain circumstances, morally obligatory. We suggest that this moral question is complex as it has competing moral values involved, that is, the humane treatment of detainee (...)
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  35. The Future of the'Third Rite'of Reconciliation.Gerald P. Gleeson - 2000 - The Australasian Catholic Record 77 (1):20.
  36. Between Construction and Deconstruction. Report on the September 21-22, 2001 Verona Conference on the General History of Philosophy. [REVIEW]M. Longo & P. Giuspoli - 2002 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 57 (2):275-278.
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  37. Review: Fundamentalism, Terrorism and the Future of Humanity. [REVIEW]Wim Smit - 2007 - Ethical Perspectives 14 (1):110.
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  38. Berel Lang, Philosophy and the Art of Writing Reviewed By.Cynthia C. Rostankowski - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (3):109-111.
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  39. Igor Primoratz, Ethics and Sex Reviewed By.Guillermo Barron - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (4):277-279.
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  40. Transforming Violence in O'Connor's The Violent Bear It Away.Kathleen Scullin - 1997 - In Phyllis Carey (ed.), Wagering on Transcendence: The Search for Meaning in Literature. Sheed & Ward. pp. 206--29.
  41. Ignatieff, M. 107.V. Jabri, I. Kant, J. Keane, M. Keck, C. Korsgaard, C. Lopez-Guerra, M. Loughlin & T. McCarthy - 2012 - In Eva Erman & Ludvig Beckman (eds.), Territories of Citizenship. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 170.
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  42. Unconsciously Determined Defensive Strategies.M. J. Horowitz - 1988 - In Psychodynamics and Cognition. University of Chicago Press. pp. 49--79.
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  43. Desire for Destruction: The Rhetoric of Evil and Apocalyptic Violence.Joshua Mills-Knutsen - 2010 - In Nancy Billias (ed.), Promoting and Producing Evil. Rodopi. pp. 63--287.
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  44. Understanding and Evaluating Strategic Defense.David B. Myers - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (1):43-60.
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  45. Higher Education and Non-Violent Civil Disobedience.J. Rosales - 2011 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 11 (1):17-18.
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  46. Is Civil Disobedience Appropriate in the Case of Climate Policies?K. Ott - 2011 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 11 (1):23-26.
  47. The Great School Wars.Hubert J. Keenan - unknown
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  48. The" But-Everyone-Does-That!" Defense.Douglas Husak - 1996 - Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (4):307-334.
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  49. Research After September 11: Security is Now the Sturdy Child of Terror.Rhona Leibel - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (2):84-95.
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  50. With Your Shield or on It: Challenging the Pacifist Mother Archetype.Shannon E. French - 2001 - Public Affairs Quarterly 15 (1):51-63.
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