War and Violence

Edited by Jessica Wolfendale (West Virginia University, Marquette University)
About this topic
Summary

The predominant area in the philosophy of war and violence is just war theory, which examines when the resort to war is justified (jus ad bellum) and the ethical constraints on the conduct of war (jus in bello). The just war tradition encompasses writings from many different philosophical and religious traditions and spans several hundred years of debate. In the last one hundred years, philosophical debates on war and violence have expanded to include discussions about pacifism, the definition and justification of terrorism and counterterrorism, the ethics of nuclear deterrence, and the ethics of torture. 

Key works Key historical writers on just war theory include Grotius unknown, Vitoria, and Carl von Clausewitz. Contemporary just war theory really began with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars (first edition 1977). Other key works include Richard Wasserstrom 1970, Coady 1985Rodin 2007, and Primoratz 2004
Introductions Nagel 1972 Luban 1980 Narveson 1965 Anscombe ms Hare 1972
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  1. Igor Primoratz, Ethics and Sex Reviewed By.Guillermo Barron - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (4):277-279.
  2. Beyond the Tractatus Wars.Ed Dain & James Conant - 2011
  3. Reviving Nuclear Ethics: A Renewed Research Agenda for the Twenty-First Century.Thomas Doyle - 2010 - Ethics and International Affairs 24 (3):287-308.
    Since the end of the Cold War, international ethicists have focused largely on issues outside the traditional scope of security studies. The nuclear ethics literature needs to be revived and reoriented to address the new and evolving 21st century nuclear threats and policy responses.
  4. Star Wars: A Question of Initiative.Richard Ennals - unknown
    The book explores the implications of the American Strategic Defense Initiative, and of UK participation. It explains the links with industrial and defence policies, and the resignations of two British cabinet ministers. Civil uses of advanced information technology are explored. The author was a research manager in the UK government Alvey Programme in Advanced Information Technology.
  5. Vers Un Renforcement de la Protection des Enfants Victimes de Violence. FL - 1998 - Médecine et Droit 1998 (28):22-23.
  6. An Attack on the Hellespont in 84 B.C.W. Warde Fowler - 1915 - The Classical Review 29 (05):136-137.
  7. With Your Shield or on It: Challenging the Pacifist Mother Archetype.Shannon E. French - 2001 - Public Affairs Quarterly 15 (1):51-63.
  8. How Wars Begin.Erich Gaenschalz - 1987 - Philosophy and History 20 (2):197-199.
  9. The Future of the'Third Rite'of Reconciliation.Gerald P. Gleeson - 2000 - The Australasian Catholic Record 77 (1):20.
  10. When Terrorism Threatens Health: How Far Are Limitations on Human Rights Justified.Lawrence Gostin - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 31 (4):524-528.
  11. War's Aftermath : The Challenges Reconciliation.Trudy Govier - 2008 - In Larry May & Emily Crookston (eds.), War: Essays in Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  12. Contemporary Significance of an Article by Mitchell Franklin on Two Earlier Wars on Terror.Gene Grabiner & James Lawler - 2003 - Nature, Society, and Thought 16 (4):389-404.
  13. A Defence of Violence.Jason Gratl - 1998 - Social Philosophy Today 14:201-212.
  14. Is There a Duty to Die for Humanity?: Humanitarian Intervention, Military Service and Political Obligation.Michael L. Gross - 2008 - Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (3):213-229.
  15. Teichman, Jenny, "Illegitimacy: An Examination of Bastardy". [REVIEW]Vinit Haksar - 1982 - Ethics 93:821.
  16. Learning From Sri Lanka's Eelam Wars.ColR Hariharan - unknown
    Sri Lanka's Eelam wars against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) going on for over two decades, hold a number of strategic lessons for other countries. These include issues such as conflict management strategies, impact of globalization on conflict, impact of global war on terror, soft issues critical to counterinsurgency, the limits of international intervention and the use of expatriate population in such conflicts. The Sri Lankan wars make it clear that in addition to military strategy, evolving national consensus (...)
  17. Violence, Technocratie Et Vie Quotidienne Philosophie de la Culture.Rafael Angel Herra - 1984
  18. Prophetic and Conscientious Leadership.Kristin Heyer - 2005 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 15 (2):18-36.
  19. Violence and Nonviolence in the Middle East.Robert L. Holmes - 1988 - The Acorn 3 (1):6-7.
  20. The Concept of Physical Violence in Moral and Political Affairs.Robert L. Holmes - 1973 - Social Theory and Practice 2 (4):387-408.
  21. Unconsciously Determined Defensive Strategies.M. J. Horowitz - 1988 - In Psychodynamics and Cognition. University of Chicago Press. pp. 49--79.
  22. The" But-Everyone-Does-That!" Defense.Douglas Husak - 1996 - Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (4):307-334.
  23. Of Obedience and Disobedience.Ibanga B. Ikpe - 2002 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 10 (2):123-142.
  24. Blair on Rodin: Rejoinder.Per Albert Ilsaas - 2008 - Res Publica 14 (4):313-316.
    The article is a brief response to Jacob Blair’s critique of David Rodin’s argument in War and Self-Defense that there are circumstances in which war conceivably could be justified not as self-defence, but as law enforcement or punishment. It argues that while Rodin’s position potentially is less dilemmatic than Blair suggests, Blair nevertheless usefully highlights tensions within it. Blair’s own argument in favour of ar as law-enforcement is suggestive, but in no way conclusive.
  25. Ignatieff, M. 107.V. Jabri, I. Kant, J. Keane, M. Keck, C. Korsgaard, C. Lopez-Guerra, M. Loughlin & T. McCarthy - 2012 - In Eva Erman & Ludvig Beckman (eds.), Territories of Citizenship. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 170.
  26. Toward Reconstructing the Jus Ad Bellum.James Turner Johnson - 1973 - The Monist 57 (4):461-488.
  27. Torture Is Always Wrong.Ben Juratowitch - 2008 - Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (2):81-90.
  28. Six Motives of Justified Disobedience.Boris Kashnikov - 2002 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 10 (2):197-206.
  29. The Great School Wars.Hubert J. Keenan - 1975 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):198-203.
  30. Violence, Reason and Justice: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, Anthony Ellis, David Garren & Scott Hibbard - forthcoming - DVD.
    Who gets to use force and when? How are we supposed to justify the use of violence in achieving political goals and establishing and maintaining political communities and structures? With Anthony Ellis , David Garren , and Scott Hibbard.
  31. Violence and the Philosopher.A. Richard Konrad - 1974 - Journal of Value Inquiry 8 (1):37-45.
  32. Tench Coxe and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 1787-1823.David B. Kopel & Stephen P. Halbrook - unknown
    Tench Coxe, a member of the second rank of this nation's Founders and a leading proponent of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, wrote prolifically about the right to keep and bear arms. In this Article, the authors trace Coxe's story, from his early writings in support of the Constitution, through his years of public service, to his political writings in opposition to the presidential campaigns of John Adams and John Quincy Adams. The authors note that Coxe described the (...)
  33. Morality And Coercion-By-Violence.Clark A. Kucheman - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 4:391-394.
  34. [Book Review] Minds at War, Nuclear Reality and the Inner Conflicts of Defense Policymakers. [REVIEW]Steven Kull - 1990 - Ethics 100 (2):429-430.
  35. Reconciliation.Berel Lang - 2009 - The Monist 92 (4):604-619.
  36. Catholic Social Thought and the Business School Curriculum.John Langan - 2000 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 11 (2):37-47.
  37. Aids.Irene Langran - 1995 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 6 (1):107-108.
  38. Moral Stress in International Humanitarian Aid and Rescue Operations: A Grounded Theory Study.Gerry Larsson, Kjell Kallenberg, Misa Sjöberg & Sofia Nilsson - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):49-68.
    Humanitarian aid professionals frequently encounter situations in which one is conscious of the morally appropriate action but cannot take it because of institutional obstacles. Dilemmas like this are likely to result in a specific kind of stress reaction at the individual level, labeled as moral stress. In our study, 16 individuals working with international humanitarian aid and rescue operations participated in semistructured interviews, analyzed in accordance with a grounded theory approach. A theoretical model of ethical decision making from a moral (...)
  39. Atoms for the People: The Atomic Scientists' Association, the British State and Nuclear Education in the Atom Train Exhibition, 1947–1948.Christoph Laucht - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (4):591-608.
    This article concerns the Atom Train travelling exhibition that the chief body of the British nuclear scientists' movement, the Atomic Scientists' Association , organized in collaboration with government offices and private industry in 1947–1948. It argues that the exhibition marked an important moment within post-war British nuclear culture where nuclear scientists shared aspects of their nuclear knowledge with the British public, while simultaneously clashing with the interests of the emerging British national security state in the early Cold War.
  40. Violence.John Lawrence - 1970 - Social Theory and Practice 1 (2):31-49.
  41. The Defense of Necessity and Powers of the Government.Youngjae Lee - 2009 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (2):133-145.
    If one of the lessons of the ubiquitous and highly problematic ticking bomb scenario is that torture may be justified under certain narrowly specified situations, why would we not want it made available as a weapon in the government’s anti-terrorist activities? This is not a new question. It has been hotly debated, and a number of arguments have been made against the idea of formulating the torture policy on the basis of the ticking-bomb hypothetical. The question that this Essay addresses (...)
  42. On Moral Arguments Against a Legal Right to Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention.David Lefkowitz - 2006 - Public Affairs Quarterly 20 (2):115-134.
  43. Research After September 11: Security is Now the Sturdy Child of Terror.Rhona Leibel - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology and Policy 16 (2):84-95.
  44. Experimental Wounds: Science and Violence in Mid-Century America.Susan Lindee - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (1):8-20.
    This paper explores the scientific production of experimental wounds, suggesting that these scientific research programs illuminate the consequences of the historical relationship between technical knowledge production and the state's monopoly on violence.
  45. The Cruel Radiance: Photography and Political Violence.Susie Linfield - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
  46. Noncombatants and Liability to Be Attacked in Wars.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2013 - Public Affairs Quarterly 27 (1).
  47. Between Construction and Deconstruction. Report on the September 21-22, 2001 Verona Conference on the General History of Philosophy. [REVIEW]M. Longo & P. Giuspoli - 2002 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 57 (2):275-278.
  48. Chapter Eight. The Violence of Reason?Sabina Lovibond - 2002 - In Ethical Formation. Harvard University Press. pp. 151-173.
  49. The Problem of the Poems Concerning the Murder of Count Floris V of Holland.Henry S. Lucas - 1957 - Speculum 32 (2):283-298.
  50. The Role of the Courts in Imposing Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures: Normative Duality and Legal Realism. [REVIEW]Stuart Macdonald - 2015 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (2):265-283.
    This article argues that the courts, not the Home Secretary, should be empowered to issue Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures. It explains that at the heart of the debate are three questions: whether measures like TPIMs should be viewed primarily from the perspective of security or liberty; how we should conceive the executive and the courts; and the empirical question of how these two arms of government answer these questions. The non-mechanistic nature of legal reasoning means that legal reasons may (...)
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