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Subcategories:History/traditions: War
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  1. Arash Abizadeh (2011). Hobbes on the Causes of War: A Disagreement Theory. American Political Science Review 105 (02):298-315.
    Hobbesian war primarily arises not because material resources are scarce; or because humans ruthlessly seek survival before all else; or because we are naturally selfish, competitive, or aggressive brutes. Rather, it arises because we are fragile, fearful, impressionable, and psychologically prickly creatures susceptible to ideological manipulation, whose anger can become irrationally inflamed by even trivial slights to our glory. The primary source of war, according to Hobbes, is disagreement, because we read into it the most inflammatory signs of contempt. Both (...)
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  2. Richard Adams & Chris Barrie (2013). The Bureaucratization of War: Moral Challenges Exemplified by the Covert Lethal Drone. Ethics and Global Politics 6 (4):245-260.
    This article interrogates the bureaucratization of war, incarnate in the covert lethal drone. Bureaucracies are criticized typically for their complexity, inefficiency, and inflexibility. This article is concerned with their moral indifference. It explores killing, which is so highly administered, so morally remote, and of such scale, that we acknowledge a covert lethal program. This is a bureaucratized program of assassination in contravention of critical human rights. In this article, this program is seen to compromise the advance of global justice. Moreover, (...)
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  3. Bernard T. Adeney (1990). Thomas Merton on Nuclear Weapons. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 2 (1):66-67.
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  4. J. Agar (2013). Sacrificial Experts? Science, Senescence and Saving the British Nuclear Project. History of Science 51 (1):63-84.
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  5. Pierre Allan & Alexis Keller (2006). Introduction: Rethinking Peace and Justice Conceptually. In What is a Just Peace? Oxford University Press.
    War has always been a problem that has plagued our existence, and begged for civility and restriction in its use. The idea behind engaging in war has often been based on assuring a place for peace in the not so distant future, whether the motivation was normative, as within the Just War Doctrine, or simply the hope that victory would lead to the end of organized violence. A group of scholars, intellectuals, and practitioners has been brought together in this volume (...)
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  6. Pierre Allan & Alexis Keller (2006). The Concept of a Just Peace, or Achieving Peace Through Recognition, Renouncement, and Rule. In What is a Just Peace? Oxford University Press.
    In this concluding chapter, Allan and Keller posit that Just Peace should be defined as a process resting on four necessary and sufficient conditions: thin recognition whereby the other is accepted as autonomous; thick recognition whereby identities need to be accounted for; renouncement, requiring significant sacrifices from all parties; and rule, the objectification of a Just Peace by a ‘text’ requiring a common language respecting the identities of each, and defining their rights and duties. This approach, based on a language-oriented (...)
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  7. H. H. Aly, J. G. M. Duthie & C. M. Fisher (1959). The Analysis of 4.5 BeV Negative Pion Interactions in Nuclear Emulsion. Philosophical Magazine 4 (45):993-1005.
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  8. L. V. Anderson (1984). Lyle V. Anderson -- The Representation and Resolution of the Nuclear Conflict. Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):67-79.
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  9. Tawia B. Ansah, War: Rhetoric and Norm-Creation in Response to Terror.
    "Everything is very simple in war," said Carl von Clausewitz, "but the simplest thing is difficult." This essay will suggest that the resort to the language of war, as "natural" and "starkly simple" as it is, nevertheless has a profound impact on how the law's intervention is shaped, or how the laws governing the transnational use of force are interpreted to accommodate a "war" on terrorism. I argue that although "war" is absent from the principal international legal instruments by which (...)
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  10. Anatole Anton (1990). The Ways of Peace. Social Philosophy Today 3:432-434.
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  11. Hannah Arendt & Hans Jürgen Benedict (2009). Revolution, Violence, and Power: A Correspondence. Constellations 16 (2):302-306.
  12. Robert J. Art (1985). Between Assured Destruction and Nuclear Victory: The Case for the "Mad-Plus" Posture. Ethics 95 (3):497-516.
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  13. Mark Ayyash (2007). The Appearance of War in Discourse: The Neoconservatives on Iraq. Constellations 14 (4):613-634.
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  14. Marko Babić (2002). The Dayton Peace Accords and Bosnian Posavina. Journal of Croatian Studies 43:19-55.
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  15. Lawrence Badash (1976). Nuclear Navy, 1946-1962Richard G. Hewlett Francis Duncan. Isis 67 (1):147-148.
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  16. Alain Badiou (2013). Philosophy for Militants. Verso.
    Enigmatic relationship between philosophy and politics -- Figure of the soldier -- Politics as a nonexpressive dialectics.
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  17. Friedrich Baerwald (1945). Peace Through Law. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):129-131.
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  18. Carla Bagnoli (2005). Humanitarian Intervention as a Perfect Duty. A Kantian Argument". Nomos 47:117-148.
  19. Bat-Ami Bar On (2008). Military Intervention in Two Registers. Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (S1):21-31.
  20. Robert Barford (1987). The Ways of Peace. Acorn 2 (2):15-18.
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  21. F. C. Barker (1957). The Nuclear Photoeffect in Light. Philosophical Magazine 2 (18):780-784.
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  22. Gary J. Bass (2004). Jus Post Bellum. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):384-412.
  23. Cat Beaton (2010). Learn Peace: Students Playing a Role in Nuclear Disarmament. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 18 (2):28.
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  24. Yossi Beilin (2006). Just Peace: A Dangerous Objective. In Pierre Allan (ed.), What is a Just Peace? Oxford University Press.
    Beilin was a former chief negotiator for the Israeli government in the Oslo process at Camp David and Taba. He brings a valuable contribution to this volume as a practitioner and political scientist involved directly in conflict negotiations. After fulfilling his post as the Minister of Justice for the Israeli government, he became one of the lead Israeli representatives in the Geneva Accord negotiations. In this sceptical work, Beilin points to the possible dangers of speaking about the combined concepts of (...)
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  25. Alex J. Bellamy (2015). The Responsibility to Protect Turns Ten. Ethics and International Affairs 29 (2):161-185.
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  26. Alex J. Bellamy (2006). Whither the Responsibility to Protect? Humanitarian Intervention and the 2005 World Summit. Ethics and International Affairs 20 (2):143–169.
    At the 2005 World Summit, the world's leaders committed themselves to the "responsibility to protect", recognizing both that all states have a responsibility to protect their citizens from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and that the UN should help states to discharge this responsibility using either peaceful means or enforcement action. This declaration ostensibly marks an important milestone in the relationship between sovereignty and human rights but its critics argue that it will make little difference in (...)
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  27. Alex J. Bellamy (2005). Responsibility to Protect or Trojan Horse? The Crisis in Darfur and Humanitarian Intervention After Iraq. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (2):31–54.
    What does the world's engagement with the unfolding crisis in Darfur tell us about the impact of the Iraq war on the norm of humanitarian intervention? Is a global consensus about a "responsibility to protect" more or less likely? There are at least three potential answers to these questions. Some argue that the merging of strategic interests and humanitarian goods amplified by the intervention in Afghanistan makes it more likely that the world's most powerful states will act to prevent or (...)
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  28. S. R. Benatar (1993). Medical Ethics in Times of War and Insurrection: Rights and Duties. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 14 (3):137-147.
    The military might of the modern era poses devastating threats to humankind. Wars result from struggles for material or ideological power. In this context the probability of flouting agreements made during peaceful times is great. The rights of victims and the rights of medical personnel are vulnerable to State and military momentum in the quest for sovereignty. Scholars, scientists and physicians enjoy little enough influence during times of peace and we should be sanguine about their influence during war. But we (...)
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  29. Yitzhak Benbaji (2009). The War Convention and the Moral Division of Labour. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):593-617.
    My claim is that despite powerful arguments to the contrary, a coherent moral distinction between the jus in bello code and the jus ad bellum code can be sustained. In particular, I defend the traditional just war doctrine according to which the independence between the in bello and ad bellum codes reflects the moral equality between just and unjust combatants and between just and unjust non-combatants. In order to establish this, I construe an in bello proportionality condition which can be (...)
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  30. Yitzhak Benbaji (2007). The Responsibility of Soldiers and the Ethics of Killing in War. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):558–572.
    According to the purist war ethic, the killings committed by soldiers fighting in just wars are permissible, but those committed by unjust combatants are nothing but murders. Jeff McMahan asserts that purism is a direct consequence of the justice-based account of self-defence. I argue that this is incorrect: the justice-based conception entails that in many typical cases, killing unjust combatants is morally unjustified. So real purism is much closer to pacifism than its proponents would like it to be. I conclude (...)
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  31. Seyla Benhabib (2002). Unholy Wars. Constellations 9 (1):34-45.
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  32. B. Berger (2010). Fear Itself: Civic War and the Corruption of the Citizen, by Peter Alexander Meyers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. 376 Pp. $29.00 . Governing Through Crime: How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear, by Jonathan Simon. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. 330 Pp. $29.99. [REVIEW] Political Theory 38 (2):291-299.
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  33. Mauricio Berger, Cecilia Carrizo & Pastor Montoya (2006). Nuevas Geografías de la Hostilidad y Nuevas Modalidades de Composición de la Hospitalidad En Los Procedimientos Militantes Contemporáneos. In Carlos Balzi & César Marchesino (eds.), Hostilidad/Hospitalidad. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Area de Filosofía Del Centro de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades.
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  34. Peter Berger (1945). The Anatomy of Peace. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):697-699.
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  35. Jessie Bernard (1949). Prescriptions for Peace: Social-Science Chimera? Ethics 59 (4):244-256.
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  36. Joseph Betz (2005). Proportionality, Just War Theory, and America's 2003–2004 War Against Iraq. Social Philosophy Today 21:137-156.
    Just war theory requires that a nation at war respect proportionality both before it goes to war, jus ad bellum, and in the way it fights a war, jus in bello. To respect proportionality is to know or estimate on good evidence that the whole war and the tactics used in the war will not generate more evil and harm and costs than they will generate good and help and benefits. This paper argues that the 2003–2004 U.S. war on Iraq (...)
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  37. Joseph Betz (2005). Proportionality, Just War Theory, and America’s 2003–2004 War Against Iraq. Social Philosophy Today 21:137-156.
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  38. Camillo Bica (2007). Opposing a War and/or Supporting the Warrior: The Moral Obligations of Citizens in an Immoral War. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):627–643.
  39. Camillo Carl Bica (1995). Just War Theory and a Practical Pacifism. Dissertation, City University of New York
    It will be argued in this study that, like the use of violence/deadly force in individual defense, the use of war in national defense is subject to certain moral restrictions and prohibitions. While traditional Just War Theory will be accepted as providing the guidelines for determining the justness of war, I will be concerned primarily with the jus in bello criterion of discriminating and affording immunity to non-combatants. ;In considering the criterion, I hope to remedy what I take to be (...)
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  40. Gabriella Blum, The Laws of War and the 'Lesser Evil'.
    Why is it that the laws of war, or international humanitarian law (IHL), allow no justification for breaking the law even if where such conduct would actually produce less humanitarian harm than following the law? In introducing the concept of a humanitarian necessity justification, and complementing existing work on humanitarian exceptions to the jus ad bellum, this paper suggests that it should. It first addresses the puzzle of IHL's existing absolutist stance with regard to compliance with IHL norms; to demonstrate (...)
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  41. Rebecca Ard Boone (2007). War, Domination, and the Monarchy of France: Claude de Seyssel and the Language of Politics in the Renaissance. Brill.
    In medias res: the life of Claude de Seyssel -- The scholar diplomat -- The translator of histories -- Seyssel in Italy : a scholar looks at war -- The scholar and the state -- Seyssel, the church, and the ideal prelate.
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  42. Helga Botermann (1974). The Role of the Army in the Period From Marius to Caesar. Military and Political Problems of a Professional Army. Philosophy and History 7 (1):66-67.
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  43. Bernard R. Boxill (2010). The Duty to Seek Peace. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):274-296.
    Kant claimed that we have a duty to seek peace, and encouraged a hope for peace to support that duty. To encourage that hope he argued that peace was reasonably likely. He thought that peace was reasonably likely because he believed that historical trends would create opportunities to implement his plan for peace. But authorities claim that globalization is undermining such opportunities. Consequently Kant's arguments can no longer sustain our hope for peace. We can sustain that hope by devising a (...)
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  44. Louise Brabant (2006). Le Concept d'Intervention Dans les Champs Disciplinaires des Sciences Humaines. Éditions Ggc.
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  45. R. B. Brandt (1972). Utilitarianism and the Rules of War. Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (2):145-165.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  46. Irene Brennan (1988). Mother of Justice and Peace. New Blackfriars 69 (816):228-236.
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  47. Francis Bridger (ed.) (1983). The Cross and the Bomb: Christian Ethics and the Nuclear Debate. Mowbray.
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  48. Gillian Brock (2006). Humanitarian Intervention: Closing the Gap Between Theory and Practice. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):277–291.
  49. Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.) (2003). Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press.
    o ne -taking -Life ana Oavmg .Life The Islamic Context Jonathan E. Brockopp The great ethicists of the western world, Augustine, Aquinas, Kant, and others, ...
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  50. Chris Brown (2011). Justifying the Obligation to Die: War, Ethics and Political Obligation with Illustrations From Zionism, Ilan Zvi Baron. Contemporary Political Theory 10 (4):506-508.
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