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  1. Ockham's Razor, Truth, and Information.Kevin Kelly - manuscript
    in Handbook of the Philosophy of Information, J. van Behthem and P. Adriaans, eds., to appear.
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  2. William of Ockham.Spade Pv - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  3. Ockham and Chatton on Intellective Intuition.Fabrizio Amerini - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (1):63-92.
    Intellective intuitive cognition plays a key role in William of Ockham’s philosophy. On many occasions, Walter Chatton argues that this kind of cognition is unnecessary. Chatton has two main arguments for his point. First, he raises doubts about the possibility of distinguishing intellective intuitive cognition from sensory intuitive cognition. The former always arises with the latter, and whatever we can explain through the former, we can explain equally well through the latter. Second, he argues that we cannot separate the intellective (...)
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  4. Ockham Algebras—An Urquhart Legacy.T. S. Blyth & H. J. Silva - 2022 - In Ivo Düntsch & Edwin Mares (eds.), Alasdair Urquhart on Nonclassical and Algebraic Logic and Complexity of Proofs. Springer Verlag. pp. 367-387.
    We highlight the fundamental influence that the work of Alasdair Urquhart has had in the area of distributive lattice-ordered algebras and in particular to the development of Ockham algebras, to which we attach some new results.
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  5. Guglielmo da Ockham e gli infinita in actu.Antonio Gerace - 2022 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 63:193-242.
    The article analyses the concept of actual infinity in William of Ockham’s thought, thanks to a close reading of his writings, first those on physics, where he argues more than once the existence of the actual infinity, intended as a set of infinite parts in act present in a continuum. By virtue of this representation of infinity, Ockham also states that two sets with infinite parts are not necessarily equal, but one of the two can be greater than the other, (...)
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  6. Unimpeded Volition.Bennett Gilbert - 2022 - Metascience 31 (1):137-139.
    Review of William of Ockham, Questions on Virtue, Goodness, and the Will, ed. and tr. Eric W. Hagedorn (Cambridge University Press, 2021), in Metascience (2021.
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  7. The Changing Role of Theological Authority in Ockham's Razor.Eric W. Hagedorn - 2022 - Res Philosophica 99 (2):97-120.
    Ockham’s own formulations of his Razor state that one should only include a given entity in one’s ontology when one has either sensory evidence, demonstrative argument, or theological authority in favor of it. But how does Ockham decide which theological claims to treat as data for theory construction? Here I show how over time (perhaps in no small part due to pressure and attention from ecclesiastical censors) Ockham refined and changed the way he formulated his Razor, particularly the “authority clause” (...)
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  8. Ockham on Memory and Double Intentionality.Dominik Perler - 2022 - Topoi 41 (1):133-142.
    Ockham developed two theories to explain the intentionality of memory: one theory that takes previously perceived things to be the objects of memory, and another that takes one’s own earlier acts of perceiving to be the objects of memory. This paper examines both theories, paying particular attention to the reasons that motivated Ockham to give up the first theory in favor of the second. It argues that the second theory is to be understood as a theory of double intentionality. At (...)
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  9. The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham.Paul Thom - 2022 - Fordham University Press.
  10. Can Pascal’s Wager Save Morality From Ockham’s Razor?Tobias Beardsley - 2021 - Philosophia 50 (2):405-424.
    One version of moral error theory maintains that the central problem with morality is an ontological commitment to irreducible normativity. This paper argues that this version of error theory ultimately depends on an appeal to Ockham’s Razor, and that Ockham’s Razor should not be applied to irreducible normativity. This is because the appeal to Ockham’s Razor always contains an intractable element of epistemic circularity; and if this circularity is not vicious, we can construct a sound argument for the existence of (...)
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  11. The Politics of William of Ockham in the Light of His Principles.Daniel Brooks - 2021 - Franciscan Studies 79 (1):133-164.
    In the most recent monograph on William of Ockham’s political writings, Takashi Shogimen rightly asserts that “there is no such thing as the ‘standard’ view of the Venerabilis Inceptor as a political thinker.”1 This could be said of many medieval writers, but the extent to which it is true of Ockham is noteworthy. Who else has been described as both “a constitutional liberal” and “an anarchist?”2 Was he a “meticulous deconstructor of church and polity” who “irredeemably undermined the foundations of (...)
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  12. Unimpeded Volition: Eric W. Hagedorn (Trans. & Ed.): William of Ockham: Questions on Goodness, Virtue, and the Will. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021, Xxvii + 344pp, $110.00 HB. ISBN 9781108498388. [REVIEW]Bennett Gilbert - 2021 - Metascience 31 (1):137-139.
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  13. Knowledge of Future Contingents.Andrea Iacona - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 179 (2):447-467.
    This paper addresses the question whether future contingents are knowable, that is, whether one can know that things will go a certain way even though it is possible that things will not go that way. First I will consider a long-established view that implies a negative answer, and draw attention to some endemic problems that affect its credibility. Then I will sketch an alternative line of thought that prompts a positive answer: future contingents are knowable, although our epistemic access of (...)
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  14. El concepto de scientia en la obra de Guillermo de Ockham.Jean Paul Martínez Zepeda - 2021 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 35:68-91.
    Resumen El concepto de scientia plasmado en la obra de Guillermo de Ockham considera, en primer lugar, la teoría de la suposición, la cual transforma la visión del conocimiento evidente a partir del examen de términos y proposiciones como signos de las cosas. En segundo lugar, el conocimiento intuitivo de los singulares, el cual posibilita la formulación de proposiciones necesarias que describen hechos y estados de cosas. En tercer lugar, una perspectiva lógica de scientia como conjuntos de proposiciones que configuran (...)
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  15. Eternity and Print How Medieval Ideas of Time Influenced the Development of Mechanical Reproduction of Texts and Images.Bennett Gilbert - 2020 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 15 (1):1-21.
    The methods of intellectual history have not yet been applied to studying the invention of technology for printing texts and images ca. 1375–ca. 1450. One of the several conceptual developments in this period refl ecting the possibility of mechanical replication is a view of the relationship of eternity to durational time based on Gregory of Nyssa’s philosophy of time and William of Ockham’s. Th e article considers how changes in these ideas helped enable the conceptual possibilities of the dissemination of (...)
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  16. Présentation : du nominalisme d’Ockham à l’histoire de la philosophie selon Claude Panaccio.Claude Lafleur - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):143-147.
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  17. Ockham : logique et universaux isagogiques : édition orthographique et traduction française de Guillelmi de Ockham Expositionis in libros artis logice Prohemium (Proême de l’Exposé sur les livres de l’art de la logique) et Expositio in Prohemium libri Porphirii De predicabilibus.Claude Lafleur & Joanne Carrier - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):197-223.
    Claude Lafleur et Joanne Carrier En tant qu’introduction générale aux commentaires d’Ockham sur la logique, celle de Porphyre et d’Aristote, l’Expositionis in libros artis logice Prohemium traite la nature de cette discipline, de son sujet, de son utilité, de sa spécificité et de son statut épistémologique. La nouvelle traduction française ici offerte est accompagnée d’une édition annotée qui restitue l’orthographe médiévale du latin d’Ockham. Il en va de même pour la nouvelle traduction du début du premier commentaire logique d’Ockham, l’Expositio (...)
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  18. Ockham : la nature du concept : édition orthographique et traduction française de Guillelmi de Ockham Questiones in libros Phisicorum Aristotelis, 1-7.Claude Lafleur & Joanne Carrier - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):281-305.
    Les Questiones in libros Phisicorum Aristotelis, putativement discutées en public au Studium franciscain de Londres par Ockham avant son départ d’Angleterre pour Avignon au printemps 1324, s’ouvrent par sept questions sur la nature du concept. Sont ici offertes une traduction française et une édition orthographique, avec un tableau de correspondance intertextuelle, de ce De conceptu, qui, massivement, paraît avoir été « magistralement » compilé à partir de l’excursus de l’Expositio in Prohemium libri Peryermenias Aristotelis, aussi traduit et édité de la (...)
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  19. Ockham : La Nature du Concept.Claude Lafleur & Joanne Carrier - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):281-305.
    Les Questiones in libros Phisicorum Aristotelis, putativement discutées en public au Studium franciscain de Londres par Ockham avant son départ d’Angleterre pour Avignon au printemps 1324, s’ouvrent par sept questions sur la nature du concept. Sont ici offertes une traduction française et une édition orthographique, avec un tableau de correspondance intertextuelle, de ce De conceptu, qui, massivement, paraît avoir été « magistralement » compilé à partir de l’excursus de l’Expositio in Prohemium libri Peryermenias Aristotelis, aussi traduit et édité de la (...)
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  20. Ockham : Logique Et Universaux Isagogiques.Claude Lafleur & Joanne Carrier - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):197-223.
    En tant qu’introduction générale aux commentaires d’Ockham sur la logique, celle de Porphyre et d’Aristote, l’Expositionis in libros artis logice Prohemium traite la nature de cette discipline, de son sujet, de son utilité, de sa spécificité et de son statut épistémologique. La nouvelle traduction française ici offerte est accompagnée d’une édition annotée qui restitue l’orthographe médiévale du latin d’Ockham. Il en va de même pour la nouvelle traduction du début du premier commentaire logique d’Ockham, l’Expositio in librum Porphirii De predicabilibus, (...)
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  21. Ockham : mots, concepts et réalités : édition orthographique et traduction française de Guillelmi de Ockham Expositio in Prohemium libri Peryermenias Aristotelis.Claude Lafleur & Joanne Carrier - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):229-272.
    Claude Lafleur et Joanne Carrier Suivant l’ordre traditionnel à son époque d’un cours sur la « Vieille Logique », ou Ars Vetus, Ockham, après avoir commenté l’Isagoge de Porphyre et les Catégories d’Aristote, en vient à son Expositio in librum Perihermenias Aristotelis, dont on offre ici une traduction française et une édition orthographique de la partie considérée alors comme le Proême, une partie divisée elle-même en trois parties — l’exégèse du Vénérable incepteur insistant très fortement sur le début de la (...)
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  22. Ockham : Mots, Concepts Et Réalités.Claude Lafleur & Joanne Carrier - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):229-272.
    Suivant l’ordre traditionnel à son époque d’un cours sur la « Vieille Logique », ou Ars Vetus, Ockham, après avoir commenté l’Isagoge de Porphyre et les Catégories d’Aristote, en vient à son Expositio in librum Perihermenias Aristotelis, dont on offre ici une traduction française et une édition orthographique de la partie considérée alors comme le Proême, une partie divisée elle-même en trois parties — l’exégèse du Vénérable incepteur insistant très fortement sur le début de la deuxième partie et, de façon (...)
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  23. Thomas, Scotus, and Ockham on the Object of Hope.Thomas M. Osborne - 2020 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 87:1-26.
    Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham disagree over how and whether virtues are specified by their objects. For Thomas, habits and acts are specified by their formal objects. For instance, the object of theft is something that belongs to someone else, and more particularly theft is distinct from robbery because theft is the open taking of another’s good, whereas robbery is open and violent. A habit such as a virtue or a vice shares or takes the act’s (...)
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  24. Le nominalisme d’Ockham.Claude Panaccio - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):185-196.
    Claude Panaccio Guillaume d’Ockham rejette l’existence des universaux, des relations et des quantités à titre d’entités distinctes, mais il reconnaît en même temps que la vérité des énoncés généraux, des énoncés relationnels et des énoncés quantitatifs dépend pour l’essentiel de ce qui se passe objectivement dans le monde. On montre ici comment l’idée ockhamiste de chose résout cette tension apparente et l’on reconstruit à partir de là le programme nominaliste qui est celui d’Ockham : établir l’ontologie la plus économique possible (...)
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  25. Note sur le Commentaire d’Ockham au Traité des prédicables de Porphyre.Claude Panaccio - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):225-227.
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  26. Note sur le commentaire d’Ockham au Traité de l’interprétation d’Aristote.Claude Panaccio - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):273-279.
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  27. Note sur le statut des concepts dans les Questions d’Ockham sur la Physique d’Aristote.Claude Panaccio - 2020 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 76 (2):307-310.
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  28. Ockham et la possibilité de vouloir le mal 'sub ratione mali'.Valentin Sylvain Cyril Braekman - 2019 - In La volontarietà dell’azione tra Antichità e Medioevo. Trento: pp. 569-597.
    This article investigates the relation between the will and evil in Ockham’s thought. The main purpose is to show to what extent the deliberate and conscious will of evil (velle malum sub ratione mali) is possible according to Ockham’s psychological and metaethical assumptions.
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  29. Nicola Cusano da Colonia a Roma (1425-1450). Università, politica e umanesimo nel giovane Cusano.Andrea Fiamma - 2019 - Münster, Germania: Aschendorff Verlag.
    Il volume ripercorre lo sviluppo del pensiero del giovane Nicola Cusano dalla frequentazione del maestro albertista Eimerico da Campo presso l’Università di Colonia (1425) e dal confronto con le posizioni filosofiche dei domenicani dello Studium coloniense, fino agli anni della maturità a Roma (1450). Il saggio illustra il contesto storico-culturale della genesi del De docta ignorantia, testo che suggella la presa di distanza di Cusano dal proprio passato universitario ma anche, al contempo, la sua insoddisfazione nei confronti dell’umanesimo diffuso in (...)
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  30. Can We Reflexively Access the Contents of Our Own Perceptions? Ockham on the Reflexive Cognition of the Contents of Intuitions.Lydia Deni Gamboa - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (5):921-940.
    ABSTRACTIn the recent secondary literature on Ockham’s philosophy of mind, it has been debated whether Ockham proposed an externalist or an internalist view of the intentional contents of intuitive...
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  31. From Thomas Aquinas to the 1350s.Eric W. Hagedorn - 2019 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 55-76.
    An overview of debates in ethical theory within Christian Scholasticism in the decades after Thomas Aquinas.
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  32. William of Ockham.Paul Vincent Spade & Claude Panaccio - 2019 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2019 Edition).
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  33. Walter Chatton on Future Contingents: Between Formalism and Ontology, Written by Jon Bornholdt. [REVIEW]Mark Thakkar - 2019 - Vivarium 57 (1-2):210-221.
    This light revision of Bornholdt's doctoral thesis (Würzburg, 2015) is effectively a medievally-oriented follow-up to Richard Gaskin’s 'The Sea Battle and the Master Argument' (1995). The book is stimulating from a philosophical point of view, but the exegesis is disappointingly unreliable.
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  34. Ockham on Divine Concurrence.Zita Toth - 2019 - Saint Anselm Journal 15:81-105.
    The focus of this paper is Ockham's stance on the question of divine concurrence---the question whether God is causally active in the causal happenings of the created world, and if so, what God's causal activity amounts to and what place that leaves for created causes. After discussing some preliminaries, I turn to presenting what I take to be Ockham's account. As I show, Ockham, at least in this issue, is rather conservative: he agrees with the majority of medieval thinkers (including (...)
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  35. Introduction: Consequences in Medieval Logic.Jacob Archambault - 2018 - Vivarium 56 (3-4):201-221.
    _ Source: _Volume 56, Issue 3-4, pp 201 - 221 This paper summarizes medieval definitions and divisions of consequences and explains the import of the medieval development of the theory of consequence for logic today. It then introduces the various contributions to this special issue of _Vivarium_ on consequences in medieval logic.
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  36. Do Not Revise Ockham's Razor Without Necessity.Sam Baron & Jonathan Tallant - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (3):596-619.
    Ockham's razor asks that we not multiply entities beyond necessity. The razor is a powerful methodological tool, enabling us to articulate reasons for preferring one theory to another. There are those, however, who would modify the razor. Schaffer, for one, tells us that, ‘I think the proper rendering of Ockham's razor should be ‘Do not multiply fundamental entities without necessity’’. Our aim, here, is to challenge such re-workings of Ockham's razor.
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  37. THE FORMALITY OF PETER OF SPAIN's THEORY OF SUPPOSITION.Vlad Ile - 2018 - Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai-Philosophia 3 (63):11-30.
    Relatively recent literature on supposition theory seems to use different modern logical tools of interpretation that can be generally described as formalizations. Since the act of formalizing may be understood as a process of changing its object in the sense of making it more formal, an assessment of this kind of approaches is necessary. Accordingly, our main goal in this paper is to analyze the formality of Peter of Spain’s theory of supposition and to evaluate its interpretation as a quantification (...)
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  38. Ockham on Awareness of One’s Acts: A Way Out of the Circle.Sonja Schierbaum - 2018 - Society and Politics 12 (2):08-27.
    In this paper, I proceed from the assumption that Ockham’s account of self-awareness can be correctly described as a kind of higher-order approach, because just like modern higher-order theorists, Ockham accounts for a mental act being conscious in terms of a higher-order act that takes the act as its object. I aim to defend Ockham’s approach against the objection that it fails to provide an explanation of how self-awareness comes about because any such explanation would be circular. Part of the (...)
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  39. Intellectual Memory and Consciousness in Descartes’s Philosophy of Mind.Dániel Schmal - 2018 - Society and Politics 12 (2):28-49.
    Although Descartes’s ideas regarding consciousness and memory have been studied extensively, few attempts have been made to address their systemic relations. In order to redress this deficiency, I argue in favor of three interrelated theses. The first is that intellectual memory has a crucial role to play in Descartes’s concept of consciousness, especially when it comes to explaining higher forms of consciousness. Second, the connection between memory and consciousness has been obscured by the fact that intellectual memory, taken as a (...)
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  40. Causation and Mental Content: Against the Externalist Interpretation of Ockham.Susan Brower-Toland - 2017 - In Magali Elise Roques & Jenny Pelletier (eds.), The Language of Thought in Late Medieval Philosophy. Essays in Honour of Claude Panaccio.
    On the dominant interpretation, Ockham is an externalist about mental content. This reading is founded principally on his theory of intuitive cognition. Intuitive cognition plays a foundational role in Ockham’s account of concept formation and judgment, and Ockham insists that the content of intuitive states is determined by the causal relations such states bear to their objects. The aim of this paper is to challenge the externalist interpretation by situating Ockham’s account of intuitive cognition vis-à-vis his broader account of efficient (...)
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  41. Science, God and Ockham’s Razor.David Glass - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1145-1161.
    In discussions about the existence of God, it is sometimes claimed that the progress of science has removed the need for God. This paper uses a Bayesian analysis of Ockham’s razor to formulate and evaluate this argument, which is referred to as the science explains away God argument. Four different strategies for responding to this argument are presented and evaluated. It is argued that one of these strategies highlights how difficult it is to show that the conditions for applying Ockham’s (...)
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  42. Zelfpredicatie: Middeleeuwse en hedendaagse perspectieven.Jan Heylen & Can Laurens Löwe - 2017 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 79 (2):239-258.
    The focus of the article is the self-predication principle, according to which the/a such-and-such is such-and-such. We consider contemporary approaches (Frege, Russell, Meinong) to the self-predication principle, as well as fourteenth-century approaches (Burley, Ockham, Buridan). In crucial ways, the Ockham-Buridan view prefigures Russell’s view, and Burley’s view shows a striking resemblance to Meinong’s view. In short the Russell-Ockham-Buridan view holds: no existence, no truth. The Burley-Meinong view holds, in short: intelligibility suffices for truth. Both views approach self-predication in a uniform (...)
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  43. L’essentialisme de Guillaume d’ockham magali roques Paris, vrin, 2016 , 228 P. [REVIEW]Roxane Noël - 2017 - Dialogue 56 (1):194-196.
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  44. The Metatheoretical Framework of William of Ockham’s Modal Logic.Ernesto Perini-Santos - 2017 - In Magali Elise Roques & Jenny Pelletier (eds.), The Language of Thought in Late Medieval Philosophy. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 137-147.
    Ockham has a very particular definition of modality: every term that is predicable of a whole sentence is a modal term. His definition reaches well beyond “necessary,” “possible,” “contingent” and “impossible,” including predicates such as “known” and “believed,” but also “written” and “spoken.” He provides a general framework for inferences including every term covered by his definition of modality. However, there is a proper modal syllogistic in Ockham only for the Aristotelian modalities, that combines two distinct semantic apparatus, constituted by (...)
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  45. William of Ockham on the Instant of Change.Magali Roques - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):130-151.
    Ockham’s approach to the problem of the instant of change as it is found in the Summa logicae i, chapter 5, and ii, chapter 19, is usually described as “purely logical,” narrowing the treatment of “begins” and “ceases” to simplistic cases. The aim of this paper is to complement our knowledge of Ockham’s position on the problem of the instant of change by analysing the treatment of the problem he gives in his questions on the Physics 98-101. In these passages, (...)
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  46. The Philosophy of Piers Plowman: The Ethics and Epistemology of Love in Late Medieval Thought.David Strong - 2017 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
    This book examines William Langland’s late medieval poem, The Vision of Piers Plowman, in light of contemporary intellectual thought. David Strong argues that where the philosophers John Duns Scotus and William of Ockham revolutionize the view of human potential through their theories of epistemology, ethics, and freedom of the will, Langland vivifies these ideas by contextualizing them in an individual’s search for truth and love. Specifically, the text ponders the intersection between reason and the will in expressing love. While scholars (...)
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  47. Mathematics and Physics of First and Last Instants: Walter Burley and William of Ockham.Edith Dudley Sylla - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):103-129.
    In his De primo et ultimo instanti, Walter Burley paid careful attention to continuity, assuming that continua included and were limited by indivisibles such as instants, points, ubi, degrees of quality, or mutata esse. In his Tractatus primus, Burley applied the logic of first and last instants to reach novel conclusions about qualities and qualitative change. At the end of his Quaestiones in libros Physicorum Aristotelis, William of Ockham used long passages from Burley’s Tractatus primus, sometimes agreeing with Burley and (...)
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  48. Articulating Medieval Logic by Terence Parsons. [REVIEW]Mark Thakkar - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (2):348-349.
    One of the founding myths of analytic philosophy is that the predicate logic that was developed in the late 19th century was far more powerful than its predecessors. This ambitious book argues on the contrary that medieval philosophers developed "a system of logic that is similar to the predicate calculus in richness and power" – or that, as Parsons put it in his presidential address to the APA, "the core of medieval logic is as accurate and as expressive as the (...)
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  49. Aquinas on the Problem of Universals.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (2):715-735.
  50. Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham by JT Paasch. Oxford Theological Monographs, Oxford University Press, 2012.Mark Henninger - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (2):432-433.
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