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Summary This section includes works on Zeno of Citium, the founder of the Athenian Stoa.
Key works The ancient evidence of Zeno is gathered together in volume 1 of von Arnim 1903-24.
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46 found
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  1. Posidonius’ Two Systems: Animals and Emotions in Middle Stoicism.Benjamin Harriman - forthcoming - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    This paper attempts to reconstruct the views of the Stoic Posidonius on the emotions, especially as presented by Galen’s On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato. This is a well-studied area, and many views have been developed over the last few decades. It is also significant that the reliability of Galen’s account is openly at issue. Yet it is not clear that the interpretative possibilities have been fully demarcated. Here I develop Galen’s claim that Posidonius accepted a persistent, non-rational aspect (...)
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  2. Marcus Aurelius a raná stoa.Vladimir Mikes - 2023 - In Marcus Aurelius a raná stoa. Praha: Teapot. pp. 115-127.
    Marcus Aurelius belongs in the tradition of the Stoic philosophy while developing this tradition in the new directions. The study inquires what are the differences between Marcus and the early Stoics in three key subject-fields present in his notes: self-sufficiency, relations to oneself and relation to others. It turns out that despite divergences Marcus never goes so far as to be perceived as abandoning the original doctrine.
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  3. The Awake and Sober Way of Life: A Key Motif in the Stoic Conversion.Sharon Padilla - 2022 - In Athanasios Despotis & Hermut Löhr (eds.), Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions. Boston: Ancient Philosophy & Religion. pp. 163-202.
    The pages that follow offer a critical survey of the motivic pursuit of a sober and wakeful way of life in old and late Stoicism (esp. Seneca’s Letters, Epictetus’ Discourses, and Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations). The aim is to show the key role that this motif plays in the Stoic conceptualization of conversion to philosophy and the school’s protreptic or rhetoric of conversion, that is to say, the forms of speech and literary strategies employed to instruct their addressees about what they (...)
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  4. Affekt und Wille. Senecas Ethik und ihre handlungspsychologische Fundierung.Stefan Röttig - 2022 - Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
    In the 89th letter to Lucilius Seneca divides philosophy into three parts, namely ethics, physics, and logic. As philosophy in general he also divides its ethical parts into three parts: the first one has to do with value judgments, the second with impulses, and the third with actions. But instead of characterizing each of these parts and giving an overview of their contents he rather describes an ideal action: first, one makes a correct value judgment, then, one initiates a regulated (...)
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  5. Let it Go? Elsa, Stoicism, and the “Lazy Argument”.Brendan Shea - 2022 - AndPhilosophy.Com: The Blackwell Philosophy and Pop Culture Series.
    Disney’s Frozen (2013) and Frozen 2 (2019) are among the highest-grossing films of all time (IMDb 2021) and are arguably among the most influential works of fantasy produced in the last decade in any medium. The films, based loosely on Hans Christensen Andersen’s “The Snow Queen” (Andersen 2014) focus on the adventures of the sisters Anna and Elsa as they, together with their companions, seek to safeguard their people both from external threats and (importantly) from Elsa’s inabilities to control her (...)
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  6. The Stoic Theory of Beauty.Aiste Celkyte - 2020 - Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
    Aiste Čelkyte shows us that Stoic views about beauty were substantial and compelling.
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  7. Arcesilaus and the Ontology of Stoic Cognition.Charles E. Snyder - 2020 - Review of Metaphysics 73 (March):455-493.
    The focus of this paper is the dispute between the Academic Arcesilaus of Pitane (ca. 316–240 BC) and the philosophy of Zeno of Citium. Scholars typically claim that Arcesilaus set out to attack Zeno’s epistemology or theory of knowledge. The framework of epistemology prevails in the modern reconstruction of Arcesilaus’s arguments. Proponents of this framework usually contend that the epistemic possibility of Stoic “cognition” or “apprehension” (κατάληψις) is the principal aim of Arcesilaus’s attack. The aim of this article is to (...)
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  8. Rational Impressions and the Stoic Philosophy of Mind.Vanessa de Harven - 2017 - In John Sisko (ed.), in History of Philosophy of Mind: Pre-Socratics to Augustine. Acumen Publishing. pp. 215-35.
    This paper seeks to elucidate the distinctive nature of the rational impression on its own terms, asking precisely what it means for the Stoics to define logikē phantasia as an impression whose content is expressible in language. I argue first that impression, generically, is direct and reflexive awareness of the world, the way animals get information about their surroundings. Then, that the rational impression, specifically, is inherently conceptual, inferential, and linguistic, i.e. thick with propositional content, the way humans receive incoming (...)
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  9. Necessity, Possibility and Determinism in Stoic Thought.Vanessa de Harven - 2016 - In Max Cresswel, Edwin Mares & Adriane Rini (eds.), Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 70-90.
    At the heart of the Stoic theory of modality is a strict commitment to bivalence, even for future contingents. A commitment to both future truth and contingency has often been thought paradoxical. This paper argues that the Stoic retreat from necessity is successful. it maintains that the Stoics recognized three distinct senses of necessity and possibility: logical, metaphysical and providential. Logical necessity consists of truths that are knowable a priori. Metaphysical necessity consists of truths that are knowable a posteriori, a (...)
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  10. Le Paradoxe Stoïcien: Liberté de l'action déterminée.Vladimír Mikeš - 2016 - Paris: Vrin.
    The book is a contribution on the early Stoics’ views of action, responsibility and freedom. The central claim, which sets the framework of its three chapters, is that an influential interpretation according to which the Stoics’ concept of responsibility is entirely separate from their concept of freedom (S. Bobzien) is mistaken. The present interpretation does conserve a compatibilist reading but the claim is made that if a person is responsible for an action it is so on the basis of features (...)
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  11. Zeno’s Republic, Plato’s Laws, and the Early Development of Stoic Natural Law Theory.Jed W. Atkins - 2015 - Polis 32 (1):166-190.
    Recent scholarship on Stoic political thought has sought to explain the relationship between Zeno’s Republic and the concept of a natural law regulating a cosmic city of gods and human beings that is attributed to later Stoics. This paper provides a reassessment of this relationship by exploring the underappreciated influence of Plato’s Laws on Zeno’s Republic and, through Zeno, on the subsequent Stoic tradition. Zeno’s attempt to remove perceived inconsistencies in Plato’s treatment of ‘law’ and ‘nature’ established a philosophical framework (...)
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  12. Tad Brennan, The Stoic Life : Emotions, Duties, and Fate. [REVIEW]Vladimír Mikes - 2008 - Philosophie Antique 8:286-289.
    The acuity of T.B.’s shorter contributions to Stoic ethics in the last decade was certainly sufficient reason to greet with satisfaction the book in which he finally offers his overall interpretation of the subject. His previously published arguments were evidently based on a thorough general view without which it was sometimes difficult to appreciate their full strength. The extent to which T.B. is generous this time in giving his general view is obvious from the title of the book. T.B. atte...
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  13. Stoická teorie jednání: pojem přitakání.Vladimir Mikes - 2008 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 34:3-28.
    Již letmý pohled na filosofii 20. století, která se snaží promýšlet podstatu lidského jednání, budí dojem, že patří k její metodě vrátit se k antickým teoriím a představit je jako historické východisko, jehož nové uchopení povede k lepšímu porozumění aktuálního problému. Tyto návraty, jak je lze sledovat u Heideggera, Gadamera, Ricoeura nebo Arendtové, směřují – nakolik se jedná o teorii jednání – především k Aristotelovi a jeho základnímu rozlišení mezi poiésis a praxis. Cílem následující stati je představit základ teorie jednání, (...)
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  14. Stoic Cosmopolitanism and Zeno's Republic.John Sellars - 2007 - History of Political Thought 28 (1):1-29.
    Modern accounts of Stoic politics have attributed to Zeno the ideal of an isolated community of sages and to later Stoics such as Seneca a cosmopolitan utopia transcending all traditional States. By returning to the Cynic background to both Zeno's Republic and the Cosmopolitan tradition, this paper argues that the distance between the two is not as great as is often supposed. This account, it is argued, is more plausible than trying to offer a developmental explanation of the supposed transformation (...)
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  15. Ricardo Salles: Los estoicos y el problema de la libertad, México: UNAM 2006, 192pp. [REVIEW]Daniel Vázquez - 2007 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 32 (1):229-235.
  16. Les Kynica du stoïcisme. [REVIEW]R. Bracht Branham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):443-447.
  17. Les Kynica du stoïcisme. [REVIEW]R. Bracht Branham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):443-447.
  18. Zeno's Cosmology and the Presumption of Innocence. Interpretations and Vindications.Serge Mouraviev - 2005 - Phronesis 50 (3):232-249.
    The present study partly supports, partly corrects, and partly complements recent discussions of Arius Didymus fr. 23 and fr. 25 Diels, Aetius I, 20, 1 and Sextus Empiricus AM X, 3-4 = PH III, 124. It proposes a comprehensive interpretation of the first text (A.I), defends the attribution of its content to Zeno of Citium (A.II), interprets the Stoic definitions of space, place and void to be found in the other sources (B.I) and again vindicates the attribution of the core (...)
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  19. Stoics and Cynics: M.-O. Goulet-Cazé: Les Kynica du stoïcisme. [REVIEW]John Sellars - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (01):69-.
  20. Stoa.Theodor Ebert - 2004 - In Ansgar Beckermann & Dominik Perler (eds.), Duns Scotus: Universalien. Stuttgart: Reclam. pp. 59-79.
    The paper gives an overall view of the history of the Stoa and its main achievements.
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  21. Documentary evidence, literary forgery, or manipulation of historical documents? Diogenes laertius and an Athenian honorary decree for Zeno of Citium.Matthias Haake - 2004 - Classical Quarterly 54 (02):470-483.
  22. Zeno on the Unity of Philosophy.Jaap Mansfeld - 2003 - Phronesis 48 (2):116-131.
    The formula 'the elements of logos' in the Zeno quotation by Epictetus at Arrian, Diss. 4.8.12 need not, pace e.g. von Arnim, pertain to the parts of speech, but more probably means the elements i.e. primary theorems of philosophical theory, or doctrine. Theory moreover should become internalized to the soul and 'lived': philosophy is also the so-called 'art of life'. These theorems are to be distinguished but should reciprocally entail each other. Philosophy according to Zeno is both tripartite and one, (...)
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  23. Logos et scala naturae dans le stoïcisme de Zénon et Cléanthe.Thomas Bénatouïl - 2002 - Elenchos 23 (2):297-331.
  24. Early Stoic Eros: The Sexual Ethics of Zeno and Chrysippus and their Evaluation of the Greek Erotic Tradition.Kathy L. Gaca - 2000 - Apeiron 33 (3):207 - 238.
  25. Eros in government: Zeno and the virtuous city.George Boys-Stones - 1998 - Classical Quarterly 48 (01):168-.
    According to a report in Athenaeus , the qualities of Erosled the Stoic Zeno to make him the tutelary god of his ideal state:Pontianus said that Zeno of Citium took Eros to be the god of love and freedom, and even the provider of concord, but nothing else. This is why he said in his Republic that Eros was the god who contributed to the safety of the city.
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  26. Los estoicos antiguos: Zenón de Citio, Aristón de Quíos, Apolófanes, Hérilo de Calcedonia, Dionisio de Heraclea, Perseo de Citio, Cleantes, Esfero.Ángel J. Cappelleti - 1996 - Gredos Editorial S.A..
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  27. On Fire in Heraclitus and in Zeno of Citium.R. W. Sharples - 1984 - Classical Quarterly 34 (01):231-.
    In a recent discussion note1 C. D. C. Reeve investigates the reasons for Heraclitus assigning a primary position to fire, as contrasted with the other substances like earth and water which go to make up the physical universe. Reeve considers and rejects other reasons for the primacy of fire that have been put forward, such as the symbolic associations of fire, the role of fire in governing the universe, or the claim that everything becomes fire at some time or other. (...)
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  28. Intuitionism and Formalism: Zeno's Definition of Geometry in a Fragment of L. Calvenus Taurus.Jaap Mansfeld - 1983 - Phronesis 28 (1):59-74.
  29. The Syllogisms of Zeno of Citium.Malcolm Schofield - 1983 - Phronesis 28 (1):31-58.
  30. Andreas Graeser: Zenon von Kition. Positionen und Probleme. Pp. x + 224. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 1975. Cloth, DM. 82. [REVIEW]A. A. Long - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (02):361-.
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  31. Andreas Graeser: Zenon von Kition. Positionen und Probleme. Pp. x + 224. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 1975. Cloth, DM. 82. [REVIEW]A. A. Long - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (2):361-361.
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  32. A Physical Interpretation Of The Universe: The Doctrines Of Zeno The Stoic. [REVIEW]F. H. Sandbach - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (1):170-171.
  33. Zeno and Stoic Consistency.J. M. Rist - 1977 - Phronesis 22 (2):161-174.
  34. A physical interpretation of the universe: the doctrines of Zeno the Stoic.Harold Arthur Kinross Hunt - 1976 - Carlton, Australia: Melbourne University Press.
  35. Zenon von Kition: Positionen u. Probleme.Andreas Graeser - 1975 - New York: Walter de Gruyter.
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  36. La deixis selon Zénon et Chrysippe.Pierre Pachet - 1975 - Phronesis 20 (3):241-246.
  37. Zeno's Cosmology?James Longrigo - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (02):170-171.
  38. Vergleich und Metapher in der Lehre des Zenon von Kition.Leonhard Stroux - 1965 - [Berlin,: Druck: Ernst-Reuter-Gesellschaft der Förderer und Freunde der Freien Universität Berlin e. V., Dissertations-Druckstelle].
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  39. Οἰϰείωσις and Οἰϰειότης: Theophrastus and Zeno on Nature in Moral Theory.C. O. Brink - 1955 - Phronesis 1 (2):123 - 145.
  40. Theophrastus and Zeno on nature in moral theory.C. O. Brink - 1955 - Phronesis 1 (2):123-145.
  41. I Frammenti degli Stoici antichi, vol. i: Zenone. By Nicola Festa. (Filosofi antichi e medievali: collana di testi e di traduzioni.) Pp. viii+128. Bari: Laterza, 1932. Paper, L. 15. [REVIEW]F. H. Sandbach - 1933 - The Classical Review 47 (04):149-.
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  42. More Zenon Papyri Zenon Papyri in the University of Michigan Collection. By Campbell Cowan Edgar. Pp. xiv + 211; 6 plates. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1931. $ 3.50. [REVIEW]H. I. Bell - 1931 - The Classical Review 45 (05):180-181.
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  43. Stoicorum veterum fragmenta.Hans von Arnim (ed.) - 1903-24 - Teubner.
    Diese 1896 begründete Reihe erfasst seltene griechische und lateinische Texte mit Übersetzungen und Kommentaren sowie ausführliche Einleitungen und macht sie einem weiteren wissenschaftlichen Publikum zugänglich. Als Schwerpunkt der Reihe gilt seit 2000 "Homers Ilias. Gesamtkommentar"; hier wird Homers Ilias im Text (von M. L. West) mit Übersetzung (von J. Latacz) und mit Kommentar in deutscher Sprache geboten.
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  44. Berliner Studien für classische Philologie und Archaeologie. Zwölfter Band. Drittes Heft. Zenonis Citiensis de rebus physicis doctrinae fundamentum ex adjectis fragmentis constituit Karl Troost. Berlin: Calvary. 1891. pp. iv. 88. 3 M. [REVIEW]A. C. Pearson - 1892 - The Classical Review 6 (03):120-121.
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  45. The Fragments of Zeno and Cleanthes, with Introduction and Explanatory Notes. An Essay which obtained the Hare Prize in the year 1889. By A. C. Pearson, M.A., late scholar of Christ's College, Cambridge. London: C. J. Clay and Sons. 1891. [REVIEW]Harold N. Fowler - 1891 - The Classical Review 5 (10):479-480.
  46. Diogenes's Sayings and Anecdotes: With Other Popular Moralists: An Introduction to Cynicism and Cynic philosophy.Irfan Ajvazi - manuscript
    Cynicism is a unique philosophy. You could even say that they took their principles a little too far, perhaps. Diogenes' core idea was that Man should live in accordance with nature, as simply as possible. He along with his students were missionaries of a sort, traveling city-to-city preaching about the life of simplicity. To Diogenes, material things like money and lavish accessories corrupted nature. Not only did he despise concrete things, but he also disapproved of social conventions. Like every philosopher (...)
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